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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214912/-the-active-offering-of-measles-rubella-and-mumps-vaccine-in-new-mothers-the-experience-of-health-facilities-in-one-of-the-local-health-unit-of-rome-lazio-italy
#1
Viviana Santoro, Valentina Pettinicchio, Andreina Lancia, Cristiana Vazzoler, Francesca De Luca, Elisabetta Franco
Rubella is a contagious disease that can be very serious, especially in unvaccinated pregnant women. The best way to be protected is getting vaccinated: MMR vaccine is very effective at protecting people against measles, mumps, and rubella, and preventing the complications caused by these diseases. According to PASSI 2012-2015 (the Italian behavioral risk factor surveillance system) in the territory of ex ASL Roma C only 56% of women between 18 and 49 years were immunized against rubella, thanks to vaccination (34%) or past infection detected by rubeotest (22%); 2% was susceptible and 42% of respondents did not know their immune status against rubella...
November 2016: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211184/night-time-pedestrian-conspicuity-effects-of-clothing-on-drivers-eye-movements
#2
Joanne M Wood, Richard A Tyrrell, Philippe Lacherez, Alex A Black
PURPOSE: Drivers' responses and eye movements were assessed as they approached pedestrians at night in order to explore the relative conspicuity benefits of different configurations of retroreflective markings. METHODS: Eye movements were recorded using an ASL Mobile Eye (Applied Science Technologies, www.asleyetracking.com) from 14 young licensed drivers (M = 24.1 ± 6.4 years) as they drove along a closed-road circuit at night. At two locations, pedestrians walked in place facing either towards or away from the road...
March 2017: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210542/dynamic-association-between-perfusion-and-white-matter-integrity-across-time-since-injury-in-veterans-with-history-of-tbi
#3
Alexandra L Clark, Katherine J Bangen, Scott F Sorg, Dawn M Schiehser, Nicole D Evangelista, Benjamin McKenna, Thomas T Liu, Lisa Delano-Wood
OBJECTIVE: Cerebral blood flow (CBF) plays a critical role in the maintenance of neuronal integrity, and CBF alterations have been linked to deleterious white matter changes. Although both CBF and white matter microstructural alterations have been observed within the context of traumatic brain injury (TBI), the degree to which these pathological changes relate to one another and whether this association is altered by time since injury have not been examined. The current study therefore sought to clarify associations between resting CBF and white matter microstructure post-TBI...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210461/the-epidemiology-and-antimicrobial-resistance-of-cholera-cases-in-iran-during-2013
#4
Hossein Masoumi-Asl, Mohammad Mehdi Gouya, Mohammad Rahbar, Roghieh Sabourian
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Cholera is an endemic diarrheal disease in Iran, caused by Vibrio Cholerae. The epidemiology, transmission route, environmental determinants and antimicrobial resistant pattern of cholera have been changed during recent years. In this study the epidemiology and antimicrobial resistance of cholera in Iran during 2013 outbreak was investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective, cross-sectional study was carried out using cholera national surveillance system collected data in 2013...
August 2016: Iranian Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210434/effect-of-the-tio2-nanoparticles-on-the-selected-physical-properties-of-mineral-trioxide-aggregate
#5
Mohammad Samiei, Maryam Janani, Naser Asl-Aminabadi, Negin Ghasemi, Baharak Divband, Sajjad Shirazi, Kayvan Kafili
BACKGROUND: Some of the efforts to improve the properties of Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA) include incorporation of some nanoparticles such as Titanium dioxide (TiO2). The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of TiO2 nanoparticles on the setting time, working time, push-out bond strength and compressive strength of MTA. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The physical properties to be evaluated were determined using the ISO 6786:2001 and 9917 specifications. Fifteen samples of each material (MTA or MTA with 1% weight ratio of TiO2 Nanoparticles) were prepared for any evaluated physical property...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198576/a-constrained-slice-dependent-background-suppression-scheme-for-simultaneous-multislice-pseudo-continuous-arterial-spin-labeling
#6
Xingfeng Shao, Yi Wang, Steen Moeller, Danny J J Wang
PURPOSE: To present a constrained slice-dependent (CSD) background-suppression (BS) scheme in 2D arterial spin labeling (ASL) using simultaneous multislice acquisition with blipped-CAIPIRINHA (controlled aliasing in parallel imaging results in higher acceleration). METHODS: Background suppression for 2D acquisition is challenging because of the multiple nulling points required for sequential slice readout. Constrained slice-dependent BS exploits the simultaneous multislice technique to reduce the readout duration, and uses slice-dependent premodulation pulses to achieve BS across slice groups...
February 15, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198209/a-report-of-sexual-abuse-in-an-afghan-refugee-boy-in-iran
#7
Naimeh Farhidnia, Nahid Dadashzadeh Asl, Azadeh Memarian
All children have the right to complete and integrated physical and psychological protection against abuse. The most important reason and risk factors for child abuse are social causes including poor familial support, poverty, mood disorders in the family, and addiction. Here, we report a case of child abuse of an Afghan child in Iran with a background of mood disturbances who presented with multiple trauma and injury. A nine-year-old Afghan boy was described with multiple injuries on neck, upper and lower extremities, and trunk...
January 1, 2017: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197027/comparison-of-computed-tomographic-angiography-and-noncontrast-magnetic-resonance-angiography-in-preoperative-evaluation-of-living-renal-donors
#8
Abhijit Dnyandeo Patil, K Shailage, Jeyaseelan Nadarajah, P Harigovind, R Krishna Mohan
INTRODUCTION: The computed tomographic angiography (CTA) renal donor protocol is an established method of preoperative renal vascular pedicle evaluation in prospective renal donors. However, CTA is associated with significant radiation exposure and intravenous contrast administration. The newer noncontrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography (NCE-MRA) techniques, especially arterial spin labeling (ASL) with steady-state free precession (SSFP) hold promise as an effective alternative...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Urology: IJU: Journal of the Urological Society of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195664/an-adaptive-model-for-rapid-and-direct-estimation-of-extravascular-extracellular-space-in-dynamic-contrast-enhanced-mri-studies
#9
Azimeh N V Dehkordi, Alireza Kamali-Asl, James R Ewing, Ning Wen, Indrin J Chetty, Hassan Bagher-Ebadian
Extravascular extracellular space (ve ) is a key parameter to characterize the tissue of cerebral tumors. This study introduces an artificial neural network (ANN) as a fast, direct, and accurate estimator of ve from a time trace of the longitudinal relaxation rate, ΔR1 (R1  = 1/T1 ), in DCE-MRI studies. Using the extended Tofts equation, a set of ΔR1 profiles was simulated in the presence of eight different signal to noise ratios. A set of gain- and noise-insensitive features was generated from the simulated ΔR1 profiles and used as the ANN training set...
February 14, 2017: NMR in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192604/dapagliflozin-lowered-blood-glucose-reduces-respiratory-p-aeruginosa-infection-in-diabetic-mice
#10
Annika Åstrand, Cecilia Wingren, Audra Benjamin, John S Tregoning, James P Garnett, Helen Groves, Simren Gill, Maria Orogo-Wenn, Anders J Lundqvist, Dafydd Walters, David M Smith, John D Taylor, Emma H Baker, Deborah L Baines
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Hyperglycaemia increases glucose concentrations in airway surface liquid (ASL) and increases the risk of pulmonary Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection. We determined whether reduction of blood and airway glucose concentrations by the anti-diabetic drug dapagliflozin could reduce P. aeruginosa growth/survival in the lungs of diabetic mice. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: The effect of dapagliflozin on blood and airway glucose concentration, the inflammatory response and infection were investigated in C57BL/6 J (wild type, WT) or db/db (leptin receptor-deficient) mice, treated orally with dapagliflozin prior to intranasal dosing with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or inoculation with P...
February 13, 2017: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192548/association-of-collateral-blood-vessels-detected-by-arterial-spin-labeling-magnetic-resonance-imaging-with-neurological-outcome-after-ischemic-stroke
#11
Adam de Havenon, David R Haynor, David L Tirschwell, Jennifer J Majersik, Gordon Smith, Wendy Cohen, Jalal B Andre
Importance: Robust collateral blood vessels have been associated with better neurologic outcome following acute ischemic stroke (AIS). The most commonly used methods for identifying collaterals are contrast-based angiographic imaging techniques, which are not possible in all patients after AIS. Objective: To assess the association between the presence of collateral vessels identified using arterial spin labeling (ASL) magnetic resonance imaging, a technique that does not require exogenous administration of contrast, and neurologic outcome in patients after AIS...
February 13, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181335/diagnostic-value-of-renal-perfusion-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-using-3d-arterial-spin-labeling
#12
Yu-Zhe Cai, Zhi-Cheng Li, Pan-Li Zuo, Josef Pfeuffer, Yu-Ming Li, Fang Liu, Rong-Bo Liu
PURPOSE: To evaluate the diagnostic value of 3D arterial spin labeling (ASL) for noninvasive quantification of renal blood flow (RBF) in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: CKD patients (n = 27) and healthy volunteers (n = 36) underwent renal 3T ASL magnetic resonance imaging, with inversion times from 1200 to 2000 msec for volunteers in the preliminary test, and 1800 to 2000 msec for volunteers and CKD patients in the formal experiments...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179077/mercury-and-selenium-in-free-ranging-brown-trout-salmo-trutta-in-the-river-skienselva-watercourse-southern-norway
#13
Asle Økelsrud, Espen Lydersen, Clara Moreno, Eirik Fjeld
Selenium (Se), mercury (Hg), and stable isotopes of nitrogen (δ(15)N) and carbon (δ(13)C) have been investigated in free-ranging brown trout (Salmo trutta) from five large lakes/hydropower reservoirs within the River Skienselva watercourse, Southern Norway. The main purpose of the study was to investigate geographical patterns of the two elements within this large catchment. We also wanted to investigate whether Hg concentration in trout were negatively associated to their Se content, hence indicating an ameliorating effect of Se on Hg bioaccumulation...
February 5, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178960/ultrasound-and-dynamic-functional-imaging-in-vascular-cognitive-impairment-and-alzheimer-s-disease
#14
REVIEW
Branko Malojcic, Panteleimon Giannakopoulos, Farzaneh A Sorond, Elsa Azevedo, Marina Diomedi, Janja Pretnar Oblak, Nicola Carraro, Marina Boban, Laszlo Olah, Stephan J Schreiber, Aleksandra Pavlovic, Zsolt Garami, Nantan M Bornstein, Bernhard Rosengarten
BACKGROUND: The vascular contributions to neurodegeneration and neuroinflammation may be assessed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and ultrasonography (US). This review summarises the methodology for these widely available, safe and relatively low cost tools and analyses recent work highlighting their potential utility as biomarkers for differentiating subtypes of cognitive impairment and dementia, tracking disease progression and evaluating response to treatment in various neurocognitive disorders...
February 9, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177884/targeting-osmr-in-glioma-stem-cells
#15
EDITORIAL
Sushmetha Mohan, Azad Bonni, Arezu Jahani-Asl
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
3, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168990/clinical-assessment-of-cerebral-hemodynamics-in-moyamoya-disease-via-multiple-inversion-time-arterial-spin-labeling-and-dynamic-susceptibility-contrast-magnetic-resonance-imaging-a-comparative-study
#16
Peng-Gang Qiao, Cong Han, Zhi-Wei Zuo, Yi-Tuo Wang, Josef Pfeuffer, Lian Duan, Tianyi Qian, Gong-Jie Li
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: For Moyamoya disease (MMD) patients, accurate hemodynamic assessment is critical for treatment selection and efficacy assessment. This study aims to investigate the clinical value of mTI-ASL in assessing the cerebral hemodynamics of MMD patients before and after revascularization, relative to DSC-MRI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-one MMD patients underwent mTI-ASL and DSC-MRI during blood perfusion. Quantitative parameters for the bilateral supply vessels of middle and anterior cerebral arteries, including DSC-TTP, DSC-CBF, ASL-BAT, and ASL-CBF were measured...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Neuroradiology. Journal de Neuroradiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167859/observational-study-to-evaluate-the-impact-of-internet-reminders-for-gps-on-colorectal-cancer-screening-uptake-in-northern-italy-in-2013
#17
E Gabrielli, A J Bastiampillai, M Pontello, G Beghi, P Ceresa, M E Pirola, D Cereda
INTRODUCTION: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common cancer worldwide and CRC-related mortality can be effectively reduced by population-based screening. Screening uptake is a key indicator of performance, susceptible of several implementation methods. Participation in ASL Milano 1 area (northern Italy) is increasing thanks to reminder invitation sent to non-responders. Here we evaluate the implementation of another strategy among those proved to be effective. METHODS: In the years 2013-2014 we conducted an observational study in patients non-responder to first invitation and subsequent mailed reminder...
December 2016: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161092/fatty-acid-and-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-meta-analyses-of-case-control-and-randomized-controlled-trials
#18
Xiao-Fei Guo, Bo Yang, Jun Tang, Duo Li
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Blood and/or liver fatty acid contents of healthy subjects and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) patients have shown inconsistent associations. In addition, the results of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in relation to the effects of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) supplementation on alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), liver fat, triglyceride (TAG) and fasting glucose levels are inconsistent. The present study aimed to investigate the differences of fatty acid content in the blood and/or liver tissue between healthy subjects and NAFLD patients, and to quantify the benefits of n-3 PUFA therapy in NAFLD patients...
January 16, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160673/reduced-thalamic-volume-in-patients-with-electrical-status-epilepticus-in-sleep
#19
Iván Sánchez Fernández, Jurriaan M Peters, Alireza Akhondi-Asl, Jacquelyn Klehm, Simon K Warfield, Tobias Loddenkemper
PURPOSE: To test whether patients with Electrical Status Epilepticus in Sleep (ESES) and normal neuroimaging have a smaller thalamic volume than expected for age and for total brain volume. METHODS: Case-control study comparing three groups of subjects of 4-14 years of age and normal magnetic resonance imaging: 1) ESES patients, 2) patients with refractory epilepsy control group, and 3) healthy controls. Thalamic and total brain volumes were calculated using an algorithm for automatic segmentation and parcellation of magnetic resonance imaging...
January 27, 2017: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154796/continuous-vs-intermittent-neurofeedback-to-regulate-auditory-cortex-activity-of-tinnitus-patients-using-real-time-fmri-a-pilot-study
#20
Kirsten Emmert, Rotem Kopel, Yury Koush, Raphael Maire, Pascal Senn, Dimitri Van De Ville, Sven Haller
The emerging technique of real-time fMRI neurofeedback trains individuals to regulate their own brain activity via feedback from an fMRI measure of neural activity. Optimum feedback presentation has yet to be determined, particularly when working with clinical populations. To this end, we compared continuous against intermittent feedback in subjects with tinnitus. Fourteen participants with tinnitus completed the whole experiment consisting of nine runs (3 runs × 3 days). Prior to the neurofeedback, the target region was localized within the auditory cortex using auditory stimulation (1 kHz tone pulsating at 6 Hz) in an ON-OFF block design...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
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