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Sitting balance test

Elisabet Guillamó, Álvaro Cobo-Calvo, Guillermo R Oviedo, Noémie Travier, Juan Álamo, Oscar A Niño-Mendez, Antonio Martínez-Yelamos, Sergio Martínez-Yelamos, Casimiro Javierre
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic neurological disease which affects young adults at a time of maximum personal, professional and social growth. Recent guidelines on physical activity have established that exercise is an essential component of the clinical management of people with MS with mild or moderate degree of disability. The main purpose of this study was to test the feasibility and the effects of two different 40-week structured physical exercise interventions (a supervised high intensity interval training plus home exercise program and a self-applied home-based exercise program) on clinical evolution, psychological wellbeing, quality of life, fatigue, cardiorespiratory fitness, strength and balance of people with MS...
September 2018: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
Regina Wai Man Leung, Jennifer A Alison, Zoe J McKeough
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the inter-rater and intra-rater reliability of the Brief Balance Evaluation System Test (Brief-BESTest) in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and its correlation between the Brief-BESTest score and lung function, functional exercise capacity, functional lower limb strength, and fear of falling. DESIGN: Prospective, single-group, observational study. SETTING: Outpatient pulmonary rehabilitation program...
August 8, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
Anabela Correia Martins, Juliana Moreira, Catarina Silva, Joana Silva, Cláudia Tonelo, Daniela Baltazar, Clara Rocha, Telmo Pereira, Inês Sousa
BACKGROUND: Falls are a major health problem among older adults. The risk of falling can be increased by polypharmacy, vision impairment, high blood pressure, environmental home hazards, fear of falling, and changes in the function of musculoskeletal and sensory systems that are associated with aging. Moreover, individuals who experienced previous falls are at higher risk. Nevertheless, falls can be prevented by screening for known risk factors. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to develop a multifactorial, instrumented, screening tool for fall risk, according to the key risk factors for falls, among Portuguese community-dwelling adults aged 50 years or over and to prospectively validate a risk prediction model for the risk of falling...
August 2, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
Mehdi Mogharnasi, Hossein TaheriChadorneshin, Seyed Amin Papoli-Baravati, Asma Teymuri
BACKGROUND: As a recently discovered adipokine, nesfatin-1 is conducive to insulin sensitivity, lipid profile, energy balance, and probably obesity. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of upper-body resistance exercise training (RET) on nesfatin-1 levels, insulin resistance, lipid profile, and body composition in obese paraplegic men. METHODS: Twenty obese paraplegic men were randomly assigned into control and upper-body RET groups...
July 25, 2018: Disability and Health Journal
Travis M Cruickshank, Alvaro P Reyes, Luis E Penailillo, Tim Pulverenti, Danielle M Bartlett, Pauline Zaenker, Anthony J Blazevich, Robert U Newton, Jennifer A Thompson, Johnny Lo, Mel R Ziman
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this trial was to evaluate the effects of outpatient multidisciplinary therapy, compared to usual care, on measures of physical function and muscle strength in patients with manifest Huntington's disease (HD). METHODS: Twenty-two patients with clinically verified HD were randomized to receive 36 weeks of outpatient multidisciplinary therapy or usual care. Outpatient multidisciplinary therapy comprised 9 months of supervised exercise, cognitive therapy and self-directed home-based exercise...
July 30, 2018: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
Caitlin Denzer-Weiler, Kimberly Hreha
BACKGROUND: Animal-assisted therapy (AAT) is a growing form of intervention in the field of rehabilitation often with the goals of decreasing pain, anxiety, and depression. There is a lack of literature on the use of AAT in inpatient rehabilitation facilities (IRF). PURPOSE: This intrinsic case report describes the use of AAT in combination with physical therapy (PT) in the treatment of a middle-aged female status-post spinal surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This patient was treated with standard of care physical and occupational therapy in an IRF with the addition of AAT within 32% of the therapy sessions...
August 2018: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
Nacera Belala, Michael Schwenk, Anna Kroog, Clemens Becker
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Increasing numbers of cognitively impaired older persons are admitted for inpatient hospital treatment. Therefore, new approaches are needed to prevent a loss of mobility during hospital stays and improve outcomes of this vulnerable patient group. The lifestyle integrated functional exercise (LiFE) concept uses activities of daily living (ADL) situations as opportunities to improve balance and strength. A pilot study was performed to test the feasibility and acceptability of the LiFE exercises in a geriatric rehabilitation setting...
July 26, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
Jefferson R Cardoso, Emma H Beisheim, John R Horne, J Megan Sions
BACKGROUND: There is large variation in administration of performance-based, dynamic balance measures among adults with lower-limb amputation (LLA). Further, there has been limited exploration of test-retest reliability of these measures in adults with lower-limb loss, including whether there is a difference in reliability if one records "best" versus "average" performance across trials. OBJECTIVE: To determine test-retest reliability of several balance tests for both "best" and "average" score performance in community-dwelling adults with a unilateral LLA, including quantification of the precision of individual scores (standard error of the measurement, SEM) and estimates of minimal detectable change (MDC90 )...
July 19, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Vanesa Abuin-Porras, Jorge Hugo Villafañe, Carmen Jiménez-Antona, Antonio Palacios, Beatriz Martínez-Pascual, Isabel Rodríguez-Costa
This study explored the relationship between motor functions and attention in children aged 4-5 years. A sample of 85 children was collected from a primary school (44 boys and 41 girls). We applied a standardized continuous attention performance test, the Kiddie Continuous Performance Test, under two conditions (sitting and balancing). Data were collected from two standardized balance tests, the Battelle and Pediatric Balance Scale. There was a significant relationship between attention and balance and gender differences that may condition the way to address balance issues in boys and girls...
June 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
Nilufer Cetisli Korkmaz, Tuba Can Akman, Gonul Kilavuz Oren, Levent Sinan Bir
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) involves impaired trunk control, leading to impaired upper-limb functionality, dexterity, and independence. Deciding early on a comprehensive approach pointing of functional disturbances and personal needs is essential for a multimodal, individualized, goal-oriented assessment and treatment program, recognizing the broad range of symptoms and disabilities associated with MS. In clinical practice, postural control of the trunk is purported to be an important contributor to voluntary upper-limb function, including motor control and dexterity...
June 28, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
Penelope J Latey, Joshua Burns, Elizabeth J Nightingale, Jillian L Clarke, Claire E Hiller
Background: Weakness of the intrinsic foot muscles is thought to produce deformity, disability and pain. Assessing intrinsic foot muscles in isolation is a challenge; however ultrasound might provide a solution. The aims of this study were to assess the reproducibility of assessing the size of abductor halluces (AbH) and the medial belly of flexor hallucis brevis (FHBM) muscles, and identify their relationship with toe strength, foot morphology and balance. Methods: Twenty one participants aged 26-64 years were measured on two occasions for muscle cross-sectional area using a Siemens Acuson X300 Ultrasound System with 5-13 MHz linear array transducer...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
Douglas N Martini, Eline Zeeboer, Andrea Hildebrand, Brett W Fling, Cinda L Hugos, Michelle H Cameron
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of the Assistive Device Selection, Training and Education Program (ADSTEP) on falls and walking and sitting activity in people with multiple sclerosis (PwMS). DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Veterans affairs medical center. PARTICIPANTS: PwMS (N=40) using a walking aid at baseline who had fallen in the previous year. INTERVENTIONS: Participants were randomly assigned to ADSTEP or control...
June 26, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Shamay S M Ng, Mimi M Y Tse, Eric W C Tam, Cynthia Y Y Lai
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the: (i) inter-rater and test-retest reliability of the toe tap test for people with stroke, (ii) the convergent validity of toe tap test counts with stroke-specific impairments, (iii) minimum detectable change in toe tap test counts, (iv) toe tap test cutoff counts which best discriminating the performance between stroke survivors and healthy controls. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: University-based rehabilitation center...
June 29, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Nikki Rommers, Mireille Mostaert, Lennert Goossens, Roel Vaeyens, Erik Witvrouw, Matthieu Lenoir, Eva D'Hondt
This study investigated differences in generic and soccer specific motor coordination, as well as speed and agility depending on age and maturity in elite youth soccer players (U10-U15, N = 619). Measurements included body height, body weight and sitting height to estimate age at peak height velocity (APHV); three Körperkoordinationstest für Kinder subtests (i.e. jumping sideways (JS), moving sideways (MS), balancing backwards (BB)) to assess generic motor coordination; the UGent dribbling test for soccer specific motor coordination; a 5m/30m sprint and T-test for speed and agility, respectively...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
Elisabeth Thornes, Hilde Stendal Robinson, Nina Køpke Vøllestad
BACKGROUND: Degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) is a prevalent condition in adults over the age of 55 years. The condition is associated with activity limitations that are related to increased pain when engaging in weight-bearing activities, such as walking and standing, and release of pain while sitting down or bending forward. The limitation on ambulation is also associated with impaired balance although the types of balance problems are sparsely described in this patient group...
June 15, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Jennifer L Moore, Kirsten Potter, Kathleen Blankshain, Sandra L Kaplan, Linda C OʼDwyer, Jane E Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Use of outcome measures (OMs) in adult neurologic physical therapy is essential for monitoring changes in a patient's status over time, quantifying observations and patient-reported function, enhancing communication, and increasing the efficiency of patient care. OMs also provide a mechanism to compare patient and organizational outcomes, examine intervention effectiveness, and generate new knowledge. This clinical practice guideline (CPG) examined the literature related to OMs of balance, gait, transfers, and patient-stated goals to identify a core set of OMs for use across adults with neurologic conditions and practice settings...
July 2018: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
Anni Rava, Anu Pihlak, Tatjana Kums, Priit Purge, Mati Pääsuke, Jaak Jürimäe
BACKGROUND: Older adults have twice as many disabilities and four times as many physical limitations as people <60 years of age. Positive influence of physical activity to prevent these limitations has been presented in some studies. However, the indispensable combination of physical abilities and body composition parameters to maintain independence in later life and their relationship with physical activity has not been studied thoroughly. OBJECTIVE: The main aim of this study was to determine possible differences in body composition and mobility parameters among older women with various levels of engagement in physical activity...
June 8, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
T K Møller, T-T Nielsen, R Andersen, I Lundager, H F Hansen, L Ottesen, P Krustrup, M B Randers
This study compares the effects of team-sport training, for sedentary men with lifestyle diseases, with fitness training in a pragmatic set-up in a community health centre (CHC). Thirty-two men in the fitness group (FiG) and 36 men in the team-sport group (TsG) completed the training and trained for 60-90 min, two times/week for 12-16 weeks. In FiG and TsG, mean heart rate (HR) during training was 73.2% and 74.5% of HRmax , respectively. Percentage of training time above 90%HRmax was 6 ± 9% and 10 ± 15% and the percentage of participants who spent > 10% of total training time with HR > 90%HRmax was 20% and 41%, in FiG and TsG, respectively...
2018: BioMed Research International
Tarun Arora, Alison Oates, Kaylea Lynd, Kristin E Musselman
Context Comprehensive balance measures with high clinical utility and sound psychometric properties are needed to inform the rehabilitation of individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). Objective To identify the balance measures used in the SCI population, and to evaluate their clinical utility, psychometric properties and comprehensiveness. Methods Medline, PubMed, Embase, Scopus, Web of Science, and the Allied and Complementary Medicine Database were searched from the earliest record to October 19/16. Two researchers independently screened abstracts for articles including a balance measure and adults with SCI...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
Aurelijus Domeika, Ieva Aleknaite-Dambrauskiene, Vytautas Poskaitis, Vidmantas Zaveckas, Vytautas Grigas, Ausra Zvironiene
BACKGROUND: The main position of the working population is becoming sitting. Immobile prolonged sedentary time may cause negative effects including reduced intervertebral discs nutrition. Main ways of mitigating them are regular position changes and exercising. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate influence of the short term training on unstable training machine on balance control and trunk muscles activity in patients with lower back pain. METHODS: Participants (n=16) experiencing lower back pain were trained on an unstable sculling machine "Rehabili"...
2018: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
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