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Sitting balance test

Andrew D Williams, Marie-Louise Bird, Sibella Gk Hardcastle, Mark Kirschbaum, Kathryn J Ogden, Julia Ae Walters
BACKGROUND: Current treatment modalities for cancer have been successful in achieving improved survivorship; however, they come with a number of long-term adverse effects. Accidental falls are a common and clinically significant adverse event in people living with and beyond cancer and rates are higher than in the rest of the population. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of prescribed or provided exercise for reducing accidental falls, and falls risk factors of strength, flexibility and balance, in people living with and beyond cancer...
October 15, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Thwe Zar Chi Htut, Vimonwan Hiengkaew, Chutima Jalayondeja, Mantana Vongsirinavarat
Background: Physical exercise (PE), virtual reality-based exercise (VRE), and brain exercise (BE) can influence physical and cognitive conditions in older persons. However, it is not known which of the three types of exercises provide the best effects on physical and cognitive status, and which exercise is preferred by older persons. This study compared the effects of PE, VRE, and BE on balance, muscle strength, cognition, and fall concern. In addition, exercise effort perception and contentment in older persons was evaluated...
2018: European Review of Aging and Physical Activity
Yannik Faes, Clare Maguire, Michele Notari, Achim Elfering
Sixty-two office workers in a Swiss federal department were randomly assigned to a training and a control group. While the training group was instructed to complete 3 stochastic resonance whole-body vibration (SR-WBV) exercises every week for 4 weeks, the control group received no treatment. During this time all participants answered a daily questionnaire concerning their surefootedness, sense of balance, musculoskeletal well-being, and muscle relaxation. Before and after the 4-week SR-WBV intervention, balance was tested with a single-leg stance on a foam mat of the Balance Error Scoring System (BESS) using a SwayStar™-System measuring Total Angle Area (TotAngArea) and Total Velocity Area (TotVelArea)...
2018: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
Penpak Noopud, Areerat Suputtitada, Surasa Khongprasert, Vijit Kanungsukkasem
BACKGROUND: Previous research indicates that dance training may improve balance among older adults. AIMS: This study investigated the effects of Thai traditional dance on balance performance among older women. METHODS: Forty-three women aged 60-80 years, with mean scores between 45 and 52 points on the Berg Balance Scale (BBS), were recruited and randomly assigned into two groups: a Thai traditional dance group (TTDG) (n = 22) and a control group (CG) (n = 21)...
October 8, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
Esra Giray, Evrim Karadag-Saygi, Tugba Ozsoy, Sabiha Gungor, Onder Kayhan
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of vest type dynamic elastomeric fabric orthosis on posture and balance during sitting and gross manual dexterity and to compare the efficacy of daily wearing time of 2 h versus 6 h. METHOD: Twenty-four children with cerebral palsy (CP) aged 3-9 years with GMFCS levels III and IV were randomised to either of three groups: (i) a control group who received only conventional exercise therapy, (ii) dynamic elastomeric fabric orthosis 2 h group who wore the orthosis for 2 h during therapy and dynamic elastomeric fabric orthosis 6 h group who wore the orthosis for 4 h in addition to the 2 h of wear along with therapy during hospital inpatient stay for 2 weeks...
October 7, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Juliana Zonzini Gaino, Manoel Barros Bértolo, Caroline Silva Nunes, Cecília de Morais Barbosa, Zoraida Sachetto, Michael Davitt, Eduardo de Paiva Magalhães
BACKGROUND: Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are at increased risk of falls, with potential adverse outcomes. There is a considerable variation across studies regarding the prevalence of falls and its correlation with clinical data, disease-related outcomes and physical performance tests. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of falls and its association with clinical data, disease-related outcomes and physical performance tests...
September 29, 2018: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Silvia Dullien, Joachim Grifka, Petra Jansen
BACKGROUND: The aim of this cluster-randomised, controlled study was to examine whether a teacher-led multifactorial back education programme could improve back pain in pupils, motor skills, back behaviour, and back knowledge over a 10-month period. METHODS: There were 176 children from two schools, who were cluster-randomised into intervention and control groups. The intervention programme consisted of 3 parts: 1) knowledge improvement, 2) posture awareness training, and 3) reducing imbalance of core muscles through mandatory back and abdominal muscle exercises at the beginning of each physical education lesson...
September 26, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
Ellen J Cavanaugh, Jenna Richardson, Christine A McCallum, Mark Wilhelm
Background: Identification of preclinical disability in middle-aged and older adults may allow early identification of and treatment for functional mobility deficits. Purpose: This study aimed to determine which physical performance measures (PPMs) were effective in identifying preclinical disability in individuals at risk for future disability. Data Sources: CINHAL, PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science were searched from creation of the databases to September 2017 using key words...
September 25, 2018: Physical Therapy
Yannik Faes, Nora Banz, Nathalie Buscher, Angela Blasimann, Lorenz Radlinger, Patric Eichelberger, Achim Elfering
AIM: To investigate the acute effects of sinusoidal and stochastic resonance partial-body vibration in sitting position, including muscle activity, heart rate variability, balance and flexibility. METHODS: Fifty healthy participants were assigned randomly to two training conditions: A sinusoidal partial-body vibration (SIN, 8 Hz) or a stochastic resonance partial-body vibration (STOCH, 8 ± 2 Hz). For baseline assessment participants sat on the vibration platform without vibration...
September 18, 2018: World Journal of Orthopedics
Jose Antonio Merchán-Baeza, Manuel González-Sánchez, Antonio Ignacio Cuesta-Vargas
GOAL: The main objective was to use the inertial sensor integrated into a smartphone to collect quantitative data on lower limb functioning during execution of the timed up and go test and sit to stand test by people in the acute stage of stroke. The secondary objective was to analyze whether smartphones provide reliable quantitative data on performance of these functional tests. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cross-sectional analytical study involving 8 elderly people (M age = 67...
September 18, 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Nicola Postol, Jodie Marquez, Stephanie Spartalis, Andrew Bivard, Neil James Spratt
PURPOSE: To assess the effects of lower limb robotic exoskeletons on outcomes in the rehabilitation of people with acquired brain injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review of seven electronic databases was conducted. The primary outcome of interest was neuromuscular function. Secondary outcomes included quality of life, mood, acceptability and safety. Studies were assessed for methodological quality and recommendations were made using the GRADE system. RESULTS: Of 2469 identified studies, 13 (n = 322) were included in the review...
September 21, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Daniela Figueiredo, Martina Neves
The majority of validation studies with the Falls Efficacy Scale-International (FES-I) are conducted with independent community-dwelling older people, which limits extrapolation to more vulnerable people, namely those receiving adult day care services. This study aimed to analyse the psychometric properties of the FES-I in terms of internal consistency, test-retest reliability, concurrent and convergent validity with users of adult day care centres. A cross-sectional study was conducted. Data collection included a socio-demographic questionnaire, the FES-I, the Activities-specific Balance Confidence Scale (ABC), the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), the Timed Up and Go test (TUG) and the Five Times Sit to Stand Test (FTSST)...
September 10, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Thushara Perera, Joy L Tan, Michael H Cole, Shivy A C Yohanandan, Paul Silberstein, Raymond Cook, Richard Peppard, Tipu Aziz, Terry Coyne, Peter Brown, Peter A Silburn, Wesley Thevathasan
Impaired balance is a major contributor to falls and diminished quality of life in Parkinson's disease, yet the pathophysiology is poorly understood. Here, we assessed if patients with Parkinson's disease and severe clinical balance impairment have deficits in the intermittent and continuous control systems proposed to maintain upright stance, and furthermore, whether such deficits are potentially reversible, with the experimental therapy of pedunculopontine nucleus deep brain stimulation. Two subject groups were assessed: (i) 13 patients with Parkinson's disease and severe clinical balance impairment, implanted with pedunculopontine nucleus deep brain stimulators; and (ii) 13 healthy control subjects...
October 1, 2018: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
David A Scalzitti, Kenneth J Harwood, Joyce R Maring, Susan J Leach, Elizabeth A Ruckert, Ellen Costello
Background: Persons with multiple sclerosis (MS) commonly have difficulty walking. The 6-Minute Walk Test (6MWT) assesses functional capacity but may be considered burdensome for persons with MS, especially those with higher disability levels. The 2-Minute Walk Test (2MWT) may be an alternative measure to the 6MWT. The purpose of this study was to investigate the validity of the 2MWT in persons with MS. Methods: Twenty-eight ambulatory persons with MS aged 18 to 64 years participated in this cross-sectional study...
July 2018: International Journal of MS Care
Jelena Mirković, Lydia Vinals, M G Gaskell
We examine the role of off-line memory consolidation processes in the learning and retention of a new quasi-regular linguistic system similar to the English past tense. Quasi-regular systems are characterized by a dominance of systematic, regular forms (e.g., walk-walked, jump-jumped) alongside a smaller number of high frequency irregulars (e.g., sit-sat, go-went), and are found across many cognitive domains, from spelling-sound mappings to inflectional morphology to semantic cognition. Participants were trained on the novel morphological system using an artificial language paradigm, and then tested after different delays...
August 1, 2018: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
Yvonne R A Kerkhoff, Wim van Boxtel, Jan Willem K Louwerens, Noël L W Keijsers
Previous gait analysis studies of patients with an ankle arthrodesis have reported increased motion in the adjacent joints. However, of similar importance are the forces that act on the ipsi- and contralateral joints and the effect of ankle arthrodesis with regard to balance control. The purpose of the present study was to determine the joint moments and the amount of asymmetrical loading of the ankle and joints adjacent to the ankle in patients after successful ankle arthrodesis. Therefore, 8 patients with a painless ankle fusion were included and assessed using 4 functional tests: preferred and fast speed walking, a sit-to-stand test, and a balance test...
September 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Han Chen, Susan S Smith
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The Berg Balance Scale (BBS) is a commonly used clinical test measure to determine balance performance and fall risk. However, a ceiling effect of the BBS has been reported in studies of older adults with relatively higher levels of physical performance. The underlying reason for this ceiling effect may be that the task items in the BBS are insufficiently challenging to discriminate individuals with less severe balance limitations. The purpose of this study was to investigate the unidimensional construct, item difficulty hierarchy, and item distribution of the BBS in order to determine its usefulness among community-living older adults (CLOAs)...
August 22, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
Mandy Miller Koop, Sarah J Ozinga, Anson B Rosenfeldt, Jay L Alberts
Gait and balance impairments associated with Parkinson's disease (PD) are often refractory to traditional treatments. Objective, quantitative analysis of gait patterns is crucial in successful management of these symptoms. This project aimed to 1) determine if biomechanical metrics from a mobile device inertial measurement unit were sensitive enough to characterize the effects of anti-parkinsonian medication during the Timed Up and Go (TUG) Test, and 2) develop the Cleveland Clinic Mobility and Balance application (CC-MB) to provide clinicians with objective report following completion of the TUG...
December 2018: IBRO Reports
Julio Cesar Rodríguez-Díaz, Luis Velázquez-Pérez, Roberto Rodríguez Labrada, Raúl Aguilera Rodríguez, Dalina Laffita Pérez, Nalia Canales Ochoa, Jacqueline Medrano Montero, Annelié Estupiñán Rodríguez, Marcos Osorio Borjas, Mariela Góngora Marrero, Lorenzo Reynaldo Cejas, Yanetza González Zaldivar, Dennis Almaguer Gotay
BACKGROUND: Neurorehabilitation has become in a widely used approach in spinocerebellar ataxias, but there are scarce powerful clinical studies supporting this notion. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the efficacy of a 24-week neurorehabilitative treatment in spinocerebellar ataxia type 2 patients. METHODS: A total of 38 spinocerebellar ataxia type 2 patients were enrolled in a rater-blinded, 1:1 randomized, controlled trial using neurorehabilitation for 24 weeks...
August 22, 2018: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
Elisabet Guillamó, Álvaro Cobo-Calvo, Guillermo R Oviedo, Noémie Travier, Juan Álamo, Oscar A Niño-Mendez, Antonio Martínez-Yelamos, Sergio Martínez-Yelamos, Casimiro Javierre
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic neurological disease which affects young adults at a time of maximum personal, professional and social growth. Recent guidelines on physical activity have established that exercise is an essential component of the clinical management of people with MS with mild or moderate degree of disability. The main purpose of this study was to test the feasibility and the effects of two different 40-week structured physical exercise interventions (a supervised high intensity interval training plus home exercise program and a self-applied home-based exercise program) on clinical evolution, psychological wellbeing, quality of life, fatigue, cardiorespiratory fitness, strength and balance of people with MS...
September 2018: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
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