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Sitting balance test

Cunguang Lou, Chenyao Pang, Congrui Jing, Shuo Wang, Xufeng He, Xiaoguang Liu, Lei Huang, Feng Lin, Xiuling Liu, Hongrui Wang
The center of plantar pressure (COP) reflects the dynamic balance of subjects to a certain extent. In this study, wearable pressure insoles are designed, body pose measure is detected by the Kinect sensor, and a balance evaluation system is formulated. With the designed games for the interactive actions, the Kinect sensor reads the skeletal poses to judge whether the desired action is performed, and the pressure insoles simultaneously collect the plantar pressure data. The COP displacement and its speed are calculated to determine the body sway and the ability of balance control...
November 30, 2018: Sensors
Muireann Dee, Olive Lennon, Cliona O'Sullivan
PURPOSE: Approximately 70% of strokes occur in low and middle income countries, yet the effectiveness of physical rehabilitation in these contexts remains undetermined. This systematic review identifies and summarises the current evidence supporting physical rehabilitation interventions post-stroke in low and lower-middle income countries. METHODS: Five databases were comprehensively searched (April 2017) for randomised controlled trials, clinical controlled trials, and cohort studies testing rehabilitation interventions post-stroke in these countries...
December 3, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Asuman Saltan, Gül Baltaci, Handan Ankarali
BACKGROUND: The foot and ankle are important factors that provide balance and functional performance in older adults at risk of falling. It is important that proper posture of the foot via techniques such as taping and orthoses to increase contact with the ground. The purpose of this study was to investigate for a two-week period and prolonged effects (fourteen days) of 'Kinesio' tape on the level of functional performance, balance, muscle strength of the lower extremities, pain, and functional independence when 'Kinesio' tape was applied to the foot and ankle of older adults...
November 21, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
J Fagg, J Valabhji
AIMS: To review the evidence regarding the identification of those at high risk of Type 2 diabetes and the conceptual and clinical criteria defining high risk, the prevention or delay of onset of Type 2 diabetes through lifestyle interventions, and the evolution of evidence from efficacy trials, through effectiveness trials in real-world settings, to implementation programmes at scale. METHOD: The wide scope of this review precluded a systematic approach, therefore, we present a narrative review that highlights key themes and contemporary developments, drawing on landmark studies, previous systematic and expert reviews, and previous meta-analyses...
November 22, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
Esra-Dogru Huzmeli, Nilufer-Cetisli Korkmaz, Taskin Duman, Ozden Gokcek
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of sensory deficits on balance, functional status and trunk control in patients diagnosed with Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS). METHODS: Twenty patients who were diagnosed with GBS and who were in the neurology department of Mustafa Kemal University in 2017, participated in this descriptive study. There were 11 males and 9 females, and the average age was 41.55+/-18.49 years. The trunk control of the GBS patients was assessed using the trunk impairment scale (TIS), reaching function was assessed using the functional reaching test (FRT) in the sitting position and body balance assessed using the Berg balance scale (BBS)...
October 2018: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
Yasuaki Kusumoto, Tadamitsu Matsuda, Kanako Fujii, Kiyotaka Miyamoto, Kenji Takaki, Osamu Nitta
[Purpose] Hip dislocation and subluxation are common in patients with cerebral palsy (CP). Hip abduction orthoses are used to prevent and treat these problems. This study investigated the effects of an underwear-type hip abduction orthosis on sitting balance and sit-to-stand (STS) activity in children with spastic CP. [Participants and Methods] This trial had a cross-over design. Eight children aged 6 to 18 years old with spastic CP and Gross Motor Function Classification level III and IV were randomly allocated to groups with or without use of the underwear-type hip orthosis...
October 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Tina Junge, Hans Kromann Knudsen, Hanne Kaae Kristensen
BACKGROUND: Elderly people with dementia are known to be less physically active compared with elderly, healthy people, emphasizing the need for interventions in order to maintain a high level of independence in activities of daily living. The aim was to evaluate the effect of long-term, group-based rehabilitation including physical activity on physical performance in elderly, community-dwelling people with mild to moderate dementia. METHODS: A quasi-experimental study of 18 elderly, community-dwelling people, diagnosed with mild to moderate dementia, participated in an ongoing rehabilitation programme based on integrated physical, cognitive and social activities...
October 22, 2018: Dementia
Andrew D Williams, Marie-Louise Bird, Sibella Gk Hardcastle, Mark Kirschbaum, Kathryn J Ogden, Julia Ae Walters
BACKGROUND: Current treatment modalities for cancer have been successful in achieving improved survivorship; however, they come with a number of long-term adverse effects. Accidental falls are a common and clinically significant adverse event in people living with and beyond cancer and rates are higher than in the rest of the population. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of prescribed or provided exercise for reducing accidental falls, and falls risk factors of strength, flexibility and balance, in people living with and beyond cancer...
October 15, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Thwe Zar Chi Htut, Vimonwan Hiengkaew, Chutima Jalayondeja, Mantana Vongsirinavarat
Background: Physical exercise (PE), virtual reality-based exercise (VRE), and brain exercise (BE) can influence physical and cognitive conditions in older persons. However, it is not known which of the three types of exercises provide the best effects on physical and cognitive status, and which exercise is preferred by older persons. This study compared the effects of PE, VRE, and BE on balance, muscle strength, cognition, and fall concern. In addition, exercise effort perception and contentment in older persons was evaluated...
2018: European Review of Aging and Physical Activity
Yannik Faes, Clare Maguire, Michele Notari, Achim Elfering
Sixty-two office workers in a Swiss federal department were randomly assigned to a training and a control group. While the training group was instructed to complete 3 stochastic resonance whole-body vibration (SR-WBV) exercises every week for 4 weeks, the control group received no treatment. During this time all participants answered a daily questionnaire concerning their surefootedness, sense of balance, musculoskeletal well-being, and muscle relaxation. Before and after the 4-week SR-WBV intervention, balance was tested with a single-leg stance on a foam mat of the Balance Error Scoring System (BESS) using a SwayStar™-System measuring Total Angle Area (TotAngArea) and Total Velocity Area (TotVelArea)...
2018: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
Penpak Noopud, Areerat Suputtitada, Surasa Khongprasert, Vijit Kanungsukkasem
BACKGROUND: Previous research indicates that dance training may improve balance among older adults. AIMS: This study investigated the effects of Thai traditional dance on balance performance among older women. METHODS: Forty-three women aged 60-80 years, with mean scores between 45 and 52 points on the Berg Balance Scale (BBS), were recruited and randomly assigned into two groups: a Thai traditional dance group (TTDG) (n = 22) and a control group (CG) (n = 21)...
October 8, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
Esra Giray, Evrim Karadag-Saygi, Tugba Ozsoy, Sabiha Gungor, Onder Kayhan
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of vest type dynamic elastomeric fabric orthosis on posture and balance during sitting and gross manual dexterity and to compare the efficacy of daily wearing time of 2 h versus 6 h. METHOD: Twenty-four children with cerebral palsy (CP) aged 3-9 years with GMFCS levels III and IV were randomised to either of three groups: (i) a control group who received only conventional exercise therapy, (ii) dynamic elastomeric fabric orthosis 2 h group who wore the orthosis for 2 h during therapy and dynamic elastomeric fabric orthosis 6 h group who wore the orthosis for 4 h in addition to the 2 h of wear along with therapy during hospital inpatient stay for 2 weeks...
October 7, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
J Zonzini Gaino, M Barros Bértolo, C Silva Nunes, C de Morais Barbosa, Z Sachetto, M Davitt, E de Paiva Magalhães
BACKGROUND: Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are at increased risk of falls, with potential adverse outcomes. There is a considerable variation across studies regarding the prevalence of falls and its correlation with clinical data, disease-related outcomes and physical performance tests. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of falls and its association with clinical data, disease-related outcomes and physical performance tests...
September 29, 2018: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Silvia Dullien, Joachim Grifka, Petra Jansen
BACKGROUND: The aim of this cluster-randomised, controlled study was to examine whether a teacher-led multifactorial back education programme could improve back pain in pupils, motor skills, back behaviour, and back knowledge over a 10-month period. METHODS: There were 176 children from two schools, who were cluster-randomised into intervention and control groups. The intervention programme consisted of 3 parts: 1) knowledge improvement, 2) posture awareness training, and 3) reducing imbalance of core muscles through mandatory back and abdominal muscle exercises at the beginning of each physical education lesson...
September 26, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
Ellen J Cavanaugh, Jenna Richardson, Christine A McCallum, Mark Wilhelm
Background: Identification of preclinical disability in middle-aged and older adults might allow early identification of and treatment for functional mobility deficits. Purpose: This study aimed to determine which physical performance measures (PPMs) were effective in identifying preclinical disability in individuals at risk for future disability. Data Sources: CINHAL, PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science databases were searched until September 2017 using key words...
December 1, 2018: Physical Therapy
Yannik Faes, Nora Banz, Nathalie Buscher, Angela Blasimann, Lorenz Radlinger, Patric Eichelberger, Achim Elfering
AIM: To investigate the acute effects of sinusoidal and stochastic resonance partial-body vibration in sitting position, including muscle activity, heart rate variability, balance and flexibility. METHODS: Fifty healthy participants were assigned randomly to two training conditions: A sinusoidal partial-body vibration (SIN, 8 Hz) or a stochastic resonance partial-body vibration (STOCH, 8 ± 2 Hz). For baseline assessment participants sat on the vibration platform without vibration...
September 18, 2018: World Journal of Orthopedics
Jose Antonio Merchán-Baeza, Manuel González-Sánchez, Antonio Ignacio Cuesta-Vargas
GOAL: The main objective was to use the inertial sensor integrated into a smartphone to collect quantitative data on lower limb functioning during execution of the timed up and go test and sit to stand test by people in the acute stage of stroke. The secondary objective was to analyze whether smartphones provide reliable quantitative data on performance of these functional tests. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cross-sectional analytical study involving 8 elderly people (M age = 67...
September 18, 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Nicola Postol, Jodie Marquez, Stephanie Spartalis, Andrew Bivard, Neil James Spratt
PURPOSE: To assess the effects of lower limb robotic exoskeletons on outcomes in the rehabilitation of people with acquired brain injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review of seven electronic databases was conducted. The primary outcome of interest was neuromuscular function. Secondary outcomes included quality of life, mood, acceptability and safety. Studies were assessed for methodological quality and recommendations were made using the GRADE system. RESULTS: Of 2469 identified studies, 13 (n = 322) were included in the review...
September 21, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Daniela Figueiredo, Martina Neves
The majority of validation studies with the Falls Efficacy Scale-International (FES-I) are conducted with independent community-dwelling older people, which limits extrapolation to more vulnerable people, namely those receiving adult day care services. This study aimed to analyse the psychometric properties of the FES-I in terms of internal consistency, test-retest reliability, concurrent and convergent validity with users of adult day care centres. A cross-sectional study was conducted. Data collection included a socio-demographic questionnaire, the FES-I, the Activities-specific Balance Confidence Scale (ABC), the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), the Timed Up and Go test (TUG) and the Five Times Sit to Stand Test (FTSST)...
September 10, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Thushara Perera, Joy L Tan, Michael H Cole, Shivy A C Yohanandan, Paul Silberstein, Raymond Cook, Richard Peppard, Tipu Aziz, Terry Coyne, Peter Brown, Peter A Silburn, Wesley Thevathasan
Impaired balance is a major contributor to falls and diminished quality of life in Parkinson's disease, yet the pathophysiology is poorly understood. Here, we assessed if patients with Parkinson's disease and severe clinical balance impairment have deficits in the intermittent and continuous control systems proposed to maintain upright stance, and furthermore, whether such deficits are potentially reversible, with the experimental therapy of pedunculopontine nucleus deep brain stimulation. Two subject groups were assessed: (i) 13 patients with Parkinson's disease and severe clinical balance impairment, implanted with pedunculopontine nucleus deep brain stimulators; and (ii) 13 healthy control subjects...
October 1, 2018: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
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