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Low Back Pain And (Manual Therapy Or Exercise)

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30121110/occupational-interventions-for-the-prevention-of-back-pain-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#1
Daniel Sowah, Robert Boyko, David Antle, Linda Miller, Michael Zakhary, Sebastian Straube
INTRODUCTION: We conducted an overview of systematic reviews of interventions for the prevention of low back pain (LBP) that can be conducted in a workplace setting. METHODS: An electronic literature search was performed in Medline, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library. Published peer-reviewed systematic reviews and meta-analyses, which described interventions for the primary or secondary prevention of LBP applicable to a workplace setting, were eligible for inclusion...
September 2018: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30100096/variables-describing-individuals-with-improved-pain-and-function-with-a-primary-complaint-of-low-back-pain-a-secondary-analysis
#2
Scott A Burns, Joshua A Cleland, Chad E Cook, Michael Bade, Darren A Rivett, Suzanne Snodgrass
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to identify descriptive factors in individuals with a primary complaint of low back pain (LBP) associated with improved pain and function after receiving physical therapy for LBP with or without manual therapy and exercise directed at the femoroacetabular joints. METHODS: Participants were enrolled in a randomized clinical trial investigating physical therapy interventions for their LBP, with or without interventions directed at the femoroacetabular joints (hips)...
August 9, 2018: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30050749/effectiveness-of-classic-physical-therapy-proposals-for-chronic-non-specific-low-back-pain-a-literature-review
#3
Ferran Cuenca-Martínez, Sara Cortés-Amador, Gemma Victoria Espí-López
INTRODUCTION: Chronic low back pain is a pathological process that compromises the functionality and quality of life worldwide. The objective of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of classical physiotherapy in the management of non-specific chronic low back pain. METHODS: A literature search in English electronic databases was performed from November to December of 2015. Only those studies addressing chronic non-specific low back pain by manual therapy and different types of exercises methods were included, and those, which combined acute or subacute pain with systematic reviews and clinical practice guidelines, were excluded...
2018: Physical Therapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29952692/the-impact-of-progressive-pelvic-floor-muscle-exercise-and-manual-therapy-in-a-patient-postpartum-who-met-the-criteria-for-sacroiliac-joint-pain-based-on-laslett-s-cluster-of-provocation-signs
#4
Adam Andersen, Russell Carter, Roberta O'Shea
Sacroiliac joint (SIJ) pain has been identified as a primary or contributing source of pain in patients with low back pain. The Laslett cluster of SIJ pain provocation tests has the strongest evidence for noninvasive clinical testing. The purpose of this report was to describe the impact of physical therapy treatments for a patient postpartum with SIJ pain who satisfied the Laslett cluster. Specifically, the goal was to assess the impact of progressive pelvic floor muscle exercise and manual therapy. The Modified Oswestry Low Back Pain Disability Questionnaire (MODI) was the primary outcome measure used in this case...
June 28, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29945400/-precise-application-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-in-minimally-invasive-techniques
#5
Fu-Hui Dong
The miminally-invasive techniques of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) uses different types of acupuncture needles to treat diseased locations with special techniques. These techniques include different methods of insertion and closed incision (press cutting, sliding cutting, scrape cutting, etc.). This needling technique is based on the traditional Chinese medicine theories of Pi Bu (cutaneous), Jing Jin (sinew), Jing Luo (meridian), Wu Ti (five body structure components) and Zang Fu (organ system). Commonly used needles include: needle Dao , needle with edge, Pi needle, Shui needle, Ren needle, Gou needle, Chang Yuan needle, Bo needle and so on...
June 25, 2018: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903598/trial-protocol-cognitive-functional-therapy-compared-with-combined-manual-therapy-and-motor-control-exercise-for-people-with-non-specific-chronic-low-back-pain-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
Fabiana Terra Cunha Belache, Cíntia Pereira de Souza, Jessica Fernandez, Julia Castro, Paula Dos Santos Ferreira, Elizana Rodrigues de Sousa Rosa, Nathalia Cristina Gimenez de Araújo, Felipe José Jandre Reis, Renato Santos de Almeida, Leandro Alberto Calazans Nogueira, Luís Cláudio Lemos Correia, Ney Meziat-Filho
INTRODUCTION: Chronic low back pain is a public health problem, and there is strong evidence that it is associated with a complex interaction of biopsychosocial factors. Cognitive functional therapy is an intervention that deals with potentially modifiable multidimensional aspects of pain (eg, provocative cognitive, movement and lifestyle behaviours). There is evidence (from a single randomised, controlled trial) that cognitive functional therapy is better than combined manual therapy and motor control exercise...
July 2018: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29805422/role-of-posterior-anterior-vertebral-mobilization-versus-thermotherapy-in-non-specific-lower-back-pain
#7
Aftab Ahmed Mirza Baig, Syed Imran Ahmed, Syed Shahzad Ali, Asim Rahmani, Faizan Siddiqui
Background & Objective: Low back pain (LBP) is the foremost cause to hamper an individual's functional activities in Pakistan. Its impact on the quality of life and work routine makes it a major reason for therapeutic consultations. About 90% of the cases with LBP are non-specific. Various options are available for the treatment of LBP. Posterior-anterior vertebral mobilization, a manual therapy technique; and thermotherapy are used in clinical practice, however evidence to gauge their relative efficacy is yet to be synthesised...
March 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29794309/the-association-between-back-muscle-characteristics-and-pressure-pain-sensitivity-in-low-back-pain-patients
#8
Dorien Goubert, Mira Meeus, Tine Willems, Robby De Pauw, Iris Coppieters, Geert Crombez, Lieven Danneels
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Some low back pain (LBP) patients recover after every pain episode whereas others develop chronicity. Research indicates that the amount of atrophy and fat infiltration differs between patients with LBP. Also enhanced pain sensitivity is present only in a subgroup of LBP patients. The relationship between pain sensitivity and muscular deformations in LBP, is however unexplored. This study examined the association between pressure pain sensitivity and the structural characteristics of the lumbar muscles in three different groups of non-specific LBP patients...
April 25, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792940/a-randomized-control-trial-to-determine-the-effectiveness-and-physiological-effects-of-spinal-manipulation-and-spinal-mobilization-compared-to-each-other-and-a-sham-condition-in-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain-study-protocol-for-the-relief-study
#9
Brian C Clark, David W Russ, Masato Nakazawa, Christopher R France, Stevan Walkowski, Timothy D Law, Megan Applegate, Niladri Mahato, Samuel Lietkam, James Odenthal, Daniel Corcos, Simeon Hain, Betty Sindelar, Robert J Ploutz-Snyder, James S Thomas
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is one of the most common reasons for seeking medical care. Manipulative therapies are a common treatment for LBP. Few studies have compared the effectiveness of different types of manipulative therapies. Moreover, the physiologic mechanisms underlying these treatments are not fully understood. Herein, we present the study protocol for The Researching the Effectiveness of Lumbar Interventions for Enhancing Function Study (The RELIEF Study). METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: The RELIEF Study is a Phase II RCT with a nested mechanistic design...
July 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602304/effectiveness-of-the-mckenzie-method-of-mechanical-diagnosis-and-therapy-for-treating-low-back-pain-literature-review-with-meta-analysis
#10
Olivier T Lam, David M Strenger, Matthew Chan-Fee, Paul Thuong Pham, Richard A Preuss, Shawn M Robbins
Study Design Literature review with meta-analysis. Background The McKenzie Method of Mechanical Diagnosis and Therapy (MDT), a classification-based system, was designed to classify patients into homogeneous subgroups to direct treatment. Objectives To examine the effectiveness of MDT for improving pain and disability in patients with either acute (less than 12 weeks in duration) or chronic (greater than 12 weeks in duration) low back pain (LBP). Methods Randomized controlled trials examining MDT in patients with LBP were identified from 6 databases...
June 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460009/the-global-spine-care-initiative-applying-evidence-based-guidelines-on-the-non-invasive-management-of-back-and-neck-pain-to-low-and-middle-income-communities
#11
REVIEW
Roger Chou, Pierre Côté, Kristi Randhawa, Paola Torres, Hainan Yu, Margareta Nordin, Eric L Hurwitz, Scott Haldeman, Christine Cedraschi
PURPOSE: The purpose of this review was to develop recommendations for the management of spinal disorders in low-income communities, with a focus on non-invasive pharmacological and non-pharmacological therapies for non-specific low back and neck pain. METHODS: We synthesized two evidence-based clinical practice guidelines for the management of low back and neck pain. Our recommendations considered benefits, harms, quality of evidence, and costs, with attention to feasibility in medically underserved areas and low- and middle-income countries...
February 19, 2018: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449764/the-effect-of-manual-therapy-and-neuroplasticity-education-on-chronic-low-back-pain-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#12
Adriaan Louw, Kevin Farrell, Merrill Landers, Martin Barclay, Elise Goodman, Jordan Gillund, Sara McCaffrey, Laura Timmerman
Objective: To determine if a neuroplasticity educational explanation for a manual therapy technique will produce a different outcome compared to a traditional mechanical explanation. Methods: Sixty-two patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP) were recruited for the study. Following consent, demographic data were obtained as well as pain ratings for low back pain (LBP) and leg pain (Numeric Pain Rating Scale), disability (Oswestry Disability Index), fear-avoidance (Fear-Avoidance-Beliefs Questionnaire), forward flexion (fingertips-to-floor), and straight leg raise (SLR) (inclinometer)...
December 2017: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435955/effects-of-manual-somatic-stimulation-on-the-autonomic-nervous-system-and-posture
#13
Giovanni Barassi, Rosa Grazia Bellomo, Camillo Di Giulio, Giuseppe Giannuzzo, Giuseppe Irace, Claudia Barbato, Raoul Saggini
Low back pain frequently involves a multifactorial etiology and requires medical attention. The aim of the study was to assess the associations among pain, posture, and autonomic nervous system function in patients with low back pain, using neuromuscular manual therapy versus a generic peripheral manual stimulation (back massage therapy). Twenty young patients with low back pain were enrolled into the study. The patients were randomly divided into two groups: treated with neuromuscular manual therapy performed after a specific structural evaluation and treated with back massage therapy...
February 13, 2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395806/a-comparative-study-of-2-year-follow-up-outcomes-in-lumbar-spinal-stenosis-patients-treated-with-physical-therapy-alone-and-those-with-surgical-intervention-after-less-successful-physical-therapy
#14
Masakazu Minetama, Mamoru Kawakami, Masafumi Nakagawa, Yuyu Ishimoto, Keiji Nagata, Daisuke Fukui, Tadashi Sumiya, Tomoko Kitagawa, Takahiro Miyake, Yoshio Yamamoto, Nana Sakon, Toshiko Matsuoka, Yukihiro Nakagawa
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of physical therapy for patients with lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) has been reported only for the short term, and few reports have compared outcomes of surgical treatment with nonsurgical treatment after physical therapy. The purpose of this study was to assess 2-year outcomes of LSS patients treated with surgery or under follow-up observation after physical therapy for 6 weeks. METHODS: Patients presenting with neurogenic claudication, radiologically-confirmed central LSS affecting both legs and refractory symptoms to pharmacotherapy of more than 3 months were enrolled...
May 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231159/facet-joint-injections-for-non-specific-low-back-pain-a-feasibility-rct
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Saowarat Snidvongs, Rod S Taylor, Alia Ahmad, Simon Thomson, Manohar Sharma, Angela Farr, Deborah Fitzsimmons, Stephanie Poulton, Vivek Mehta, Richard Langford
BACKGROUND: Pain of lumbar facet-joint origin is a common cause of low back pain in adults and may lead to chronic pain and disability, with associated health and socioeconomic implications. The socioeconomic burden includes an inability to return to work resulting in loss of productivity in addition to direct and indirect health-care utilisation costs. Lumbar facet-joints are paired synovial joints between the superior and inferior articular processes of consecutive lumbar vertebrae and between the fifth lumbar vertebra and the sacrum...
December 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158960/a-combined-treatment-approach-emphasizing-impairment-based-manual-therapy-and-exercise-for-hip-related-compensatory-injury-in-elite-athletes-a-case-series
#16
Steve Short, Gretchen Short, Donald Strack, Philip Anloague, Brian Brewster
Background/Purpose: Athletes experiencing hip, groin, and low back pain often exhibit similar clinical characteristics. Individuals with hip, groin and low back pain may have the presence of multiple concurrent pathoanatomical diagnoses. Regardless, similar regional characteristics and dysfunction may contribute to the patient's chief complaint, potentially creating a sub-group of individuals that may be defined by lumbopelvic and hip mobility limitations, motor control impairments, and other shared clinical findings...
November 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083391/efficacy-of-manual-therapy-versus-conventional-physical-therapy-in-chronic-low-back-pain-due-to-lumbar-spondylosis-a-pilot-study
#17
Arti Sharma, Khalid Alahmari, Irshad Ahmed
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this work was to compare the efficacy of Maitland mobilization and conventional physical therapy on pain response, range of motion (ROM) and functional ability in patients with chronic low back pain due to lumbar spondylosis. METHODS: A total sample of 30 subjects (40-70 years of age) with complaints of slow insidious onset of low back pain (LBP), with or without radiation not less than three months duration and decrease ROM were randomly assigned to: group-I, Maitland mobilization and lumbar stabilization exercises; group-II conventional physical therapy (traction, strengthening, stretching exercises...
June 26, 2015: Medical Sciences: Open Access Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079255/the-effectiveness-and-safety-of-manual-therapy-on-pain-and-disability-in-older-persons-with-chronic-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Katie E de Luca, Sheng Hung Fang, Justin Ong, Ki-Soo Shin, Samuel Woods, Peter J Tuchin
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to perform a systematic review of the literature of the effectiveness and safety of manual therapy interventions on pain and disability in older persons with chronic low back pain (LBP). METHODS: A literature search of 4 electronic databases was performed (PubMed, EMBASE, OVID, and CINAHL). Inclusion criteria included randomized controlled trials of manual therapy interventions on older persons who had chronic LBP. Effectiveness was determined by extracting and examining outcomes for pain and disability, with safety determined by the report of adverse events...
September 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946522/the-effect-of-manual-therapy-and-exercise-in-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Ozlem Ulger, Aynur Demirel, Müzeyyen Oz, Seval Tamer
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of spinal stabilization exercises (SSE) and manual therapy methods on pain, function and quality of life (QoL) levels in individuals with chronic low back pain (CLBP). METHODS: A total of one-hundred thirteen patients diagnosed as CLBP were enrolled to the study. The patients allocated into Spinal Stabilization group (SG) and manual therapy group (MG), randomly. While SSE performed in SG, soft tissue mobilizations, muscle-energy techniques, joint mobilizations and manipulations were performed in MG...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930212/the-use-of-conservative-and-alternative-therapy-for-low-back-pain
#20
REVIEW
Ping Chung Leung
Low back pain may have complex patho-physiological causes leading to chronicity that resists conventional managements. Complementary and alternative treatment options have, therefore, gained popularity. In this chapter, acupuncture, manual therapy, and natural healing for low back pain will be discussed. Special emphasis is given on the role of the individual in the control and prevention of low back pain.
September 9, 2015: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
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