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Low Back Pain And (Manual Therapy Or Exercise)

Christoph Thalhamer, Julia Hahne, Omer Matthijs, Peter Machacek
BACKGROUND: With a life-time prevalence of 39%, low back pain (LBP) is one of the most common musculoskeletal disorders. Correct diagnosis of underlying causes is commonly seen as a prerequisite for successful therapy of LBP. Currently, there is no useful, non-invasive clinical test to diagnose painful lumbar zygapophyseal joints. Clinical tests with high diagnostic accuracy are therefore desirable. Inter-rater reliability is commonly seen as a prerequisite of test validity. The objective of this pilot study was thus to evaluate inter-rater reliability of new clinical pain provocation tests for diagnosing painful lumbar zygapophyseal joints...
November 6, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
Ava Lorenc, Gene Feder, Hugh MacPherson, Paul Little, Stewart W Mercer, Deborah Sharp
OBJECTIVE: To identify potentially effective complementary approaches for musculoskeletal (MSK)-mental health (MH) comorbidity, by synthesising evidence on effectiveness, cost-effectiveness and safety from systematic reviews (SRs). DESIGN: Scoping review of SRs. METHODS: We searched literature databases, registries and reference lists, and contacted key authors and professional organisations to identify SRs of randomised controlled trials for complementary medicine for MSK or MH...
October 15, 2018: BMJ Open
Krishnan V Chakravarthy, Fang Xing, Kelly Bruno, Alexander R Kent, Adil Raza, Rene Hurlemann, Thomas M Kinfe
BACKGROUND: There is increasing literature evidence both clinically and experimentally on the existence of potent, adaptive interactions between the central and peripheral aspects of the neuroimmune system in the genesis and maintenance of chronic neuropathic extremity pain and nociceptive back pain. The neuroinflammatory pathways are modulated by the interaction of pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines and chemokines, which are released by peripheral immune system-derived cell species (macrophages and leukocytes)...
October 12, 2018: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
Scott A Burns, Joshua A Cleland, Darren A Rivett, Suzanne J Snodgrass
OBJECTIVES: The main research aims were to investigate whether physical therapists are examining the hip(s) in individuals with a primary complaint of low back pain (LBP) and if so, the interventions being provided that target the hip(s). METHODS: An anonymous electronic survey was distributed to the membership of the American Physical Therapy Association Orthopaedic and Sports Sections, as well as that of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Manual Physical Therapists...
October 2, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
Abdolhamid Hajihasani, Mitra Rouhani, Mahyar Salavati, Rosita Hedayati, Amir Hossein Kahlaee
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this systematic review was to investigate the effect of adding the cognitive behavioral treatment (CBT) component to routine physical therapy (PT) on pain and depression reduction, improvement in quality of life, and enhanced function in patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP). TYPE: Systematic review LITERATURE SURVEY: Google Scholar, PubMed, Ovid, ScienceDirect, ProQuest, Scopus, Cochrane Library and Embase electronic databases were explored for the key terms of "behavioral (or behavioural) treatment" OR "behavior (behaviour) treatment" OR "behavior (behaviour) therapy" OR "cognitive behavior (or behaviour) treatment" OR "cognitive treatment" OR "cognitive therapy" OR "operant behavior (or behaviour) treatment" OR "respondent behavior (or behaviour) treatment" AND "Physical Therapy" OR "Physiotherapy" OR "exercise therapy" OR "electrotherapy" OR "electrical therapy" OR "manual therapy" OR "myofascial therapy" OR "rehabilitation" AND "Low Back Pain" OR "Lower Back Pain" OR "back pain" OR "chronic back pain" OR "chronic lower back pain", with no limitation on language, through January 2018...
September 25, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Pierre-Yves Rodondi, Julie Dubois, Anne-Sylvie Bill, Daria Koutaïssoff, Jenny Ros, Eléonore Aveni, Jérôme Pasquier, Lilli Herzig, Isabelle Decosterd, Bernard Burnand
OBJECTIVE: Recent guidelines for chronic or recurrent low back pain recommend non-pharmacologic treatments as first-line options. The objective of this study was thus to explore the perceived usefulness of several conventional and complementary medicine treatments for chronic or recurrent low back pain by primary care physicians and their reported prescribing behavior. DESIGN: An exploratory cross-sectional study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Primary care physicians of the French-speaking part of Switzerland...
2018: PloS One
Scott A Burns, Joshua A Cleland, Darren A Rivett, Suzanne J Snodgrass
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence suggests that physical therapy interventions targeting the hips may improve outcomes, including pain and disability, for patients with low back pain (LBP). Currently, there is conflicting data in regard to whether an individual with LBP needs to have a concurrent hip impairment in order to respond to this approach. The purpose of this clinical trial will be to determine the short and long-term effectiveness of physical therapy interventions directed at the lumbar spine only, versus lumbar spine and hip(s), in individuals with a primary complaint of LBP with a concurrent hip impairment...
September 2018: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
Josiah D Sault, Andrew A Post, Amanda Y Butler, Michael A O'Hearn
BACKGROUND: Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) are found in 1-12% of older males. Low back pain (LBP) is prevalent with incidence increasing with age and can respond to manual therapy (MT). To date, the safety of the application of MT for LBP in the presence of a known AAA has not been reported. This case reports on the short-term effects of MT in a patient with LBP and AAA and pre- and post-therapy imaging. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 76-year-old male presented with mechanical LBP, groin pain, and a known 4...
September 10, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
Heidrun Lingner, Lena Blase, Anika Großhennig, Guido Schmiemann
Background: Nonspecific acute low back pain (LBP) is a common reason for accessing primary care. German guidelines recommend non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and physical activity as evidence-based treatments. Manual Therapy (MT) remains controversial. To increase evidence-based treatment options for general practitioners (GPs), a Pilot-Study was set up to gather information about the required conditions and setting for an RCT. Methods: The open pilot-study assesses recruitment methods for GPs and patients, timelines, data collection and outcomes of treatment immediately (T0) and 1, 6 and 12 weeks after consultation (T1, T2, T3)...
2018: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
Jo Perry, Ann Green
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to document the baseline neurophysiological status (skin conductance activity levels) of patients presenting for physiotherapy with acute and subacute low back pain (symptoms of up to 12 weeks' duration) and to observe the magnitude and direction of sympathetic nervous system (SNS) changes (skin conductance responses [SCRs]) occurring as a result of receiving guideline-endorsed physiotherapy treatment. METHODS: A pragmatic, prospective, longitudinal, observational study recording SNS skin conductance (SC) responses and patient reported outcome measure changes to a program of guideline-endorsed physiotherapy treatment for low back pain symptoms of up to 12 weeks' duration...
July 2018: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
Daniel Sowah, Robert Boyko, David Antle, Linda Miller, Michael Zakhary, Sebastian Straube
INTRODUCTION: We conducted an overview of systematic reviews of interventions for the prevention of low back pain (LBP) that can be conducted in a workplace setting. METHODS: An electronic literature search was performed in Medline, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library. Published peer-reviewed systematic reviews and meta-analyses, which described interventions for the primary or secondary prevention of LBP applicable to a workplace setting, were eligible for inclusion...
September 2018: Journal of Safety Research
Scott A Burns, Joshua A Cleland, Chad E Cook, Michael Bade, Darren A Rivett, Suzanne Snodgrass
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to identify descriptive factors in individuals with a primary complaint of low back pain (LBP) associated with improved pain and function after receiving physical therapy for LBP with or without manual therapy and exercise directed at the femoroacetabular joints. METHODS: Participants were enrolled in a randomized clinical trial investigating physical therapy interventions for their LBP, with or without interventions directed at the femoroacetabular joints (hips)...
July 2018: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
Ferran Cuenca-Martínez, Sara Cortés-Amador, Gemma Victoria Espí-López
INTRODUCTION: Chronic low back pain is a pathological process that compromises the functionality and quality of life worldwide. The objective of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of classical physiotherapy in the management of non-specific chronic low back pain. METHODS: A literature search in English electronic databases was performed from November to December of 2015. Only those studies addressing chronic non-specific low back pain by manual therapy and different types of exercises methods were included, and those, which combined acute or subacute pain with systematic reviews and clinical practice guidelines, were excluded...
2018: Physical Therapy Research
Adam Andersen, Russell Carter, Roberta O'Shea
Sacroiliac joint (SIJ) pain has been identified as a primary or contributing source of pain in patients with low back pain. The Laslett cluster of SIJ pain provocation tests has the strongest evidence for noninvasive clinical testing. The purpose of this report was to describe the impact of physical therapy treatments for a patient postpartum with SIJ pain who satisfied the Laslett cluster. Specifically, the goal was to assess the impact of progressive pelvic floor muscle exercise and manual therapy. The Modified Oswestry Low Back Pain Disability Questionnaire (MODI) was the primary outcome measure used in this case...
June 28, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
Fu-Hui Dong
The miminally-invasive techniques of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) uses different types of acupuncture needles to treat diseased locations with special techniques. These techniques include different methods of insertion and closed incision (press cutting, sliding cutting, scrape cutting, etc.). This needling technique is based on the traditional Chinese medicine theories of Pi Bu (cutaneous), Jing Jin (sinew), Jing Luo (meridian), Wu Ti (five body structure components) and Zang Fu (organ system). Commonly used needles include: needle Dao , needle with edge, Pi needle, Shui needle, Ren needle, Gou needle, Chang Yuan needle, Bo needle and so on...
June 25, 2018: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Fabiana Terra Cunha Belache, Cíntia Pereira de Souza, Jessica Fernandez, Julia Castro, Paula Dos Santos Ferreira, Elizana Rodrigues de Sousa Rosa, Nathalia Cristina Gimenez de Araújo, Felipe José Jandre Reis, Renato Santos de Almeida, Leandro Alberto Calazans Nogueira, Luís Cláudio Lemos Correia, Ney Meziat-Filho
INTRODUCTION: Chronic low back pain is a public health problem, and there is strong evidence that it is associated with a complex interaction of biopsychosocial factors. Cognitive functional therapy is an intervention that deals with potentially modifiable multidimensional aspects of pain (eg, provocative cognitive, movement and lifestyle behaviours). There is evidence (from a single randomised, controlled trial) that cognitive functional therapy is better than combined manual therapy and motor control exercise...
July 2018: Journal of Physiotherapy
Aftab Ahmed Mirza Baig, Syed Imran Ahmed, Syed Shahzad Ali, Asim Rahmani, Faizan Siddiqui
Background & Objective: Low back pain (LBP) is the foremost cause to hamper an individual's functional activities in Pakistan. Its impact on the quality of life and work routine makes it a major reason for therapeutic consultations. About 90% of the cases with LBP are non-specific. Various options are available for the treatment of LBP. Posterior-anterior vertebral mobilization, a manual therapy technique; and thermotherapy are used in clinical practice, however evidence to gauge their relative efficacy is yet to be synthesised...
March 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Dorien Goubert, Mira Meeus, Tine Willems, Robby De Pauw, Iris Coppieters, Geert Crombez, Lieven Danneels
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Some low back pain (LBP) patients recover after every pain episode whereas others develop chronicity. Research indicates that the amount of atrophy and fat infiltration differs between patients with LBP. Also enhanced pain sensitivity is present only in a subgroup of LBP patients. The relationship between pain sensitivity and muscular deformations in LBP, is however unexplored. This study examined the association between pressure pain sensitivity and the structural characteristics of the lumbar muscles in three different groups of non-specific LBP patients...
April 25, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
Brian C Clark, David W Russ, Masato Nakazawa, Christopher R France, Stevan Walkowski, Timothy D Law, Megan Applegate, Niladri Mahato, Samuel Lietkam, James Odenthal, Daniel Corcos, Simeon Hain, Betty Sindelar, Robert J Ploutz-Snyder, James S Thomas
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is one of the most common reasons for seeking medical care. Manipulative therapies are a common treatment for LBP. Few studies have compared the effectiveness of different types of manipulative therapies. Moreover, the physiologic mechanisms underlying these treatments are not fully understood. Herein, we present the study protocol for The Researching the Effectiveness of Lumbar Interventions for Enhancing Function Study (The RELIEF Study). METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: The RELIEF Study is a Phase II RCT with a nested mechanistic design...
July 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
Olivier T Lam, David M Strenger, Matthew Chan-Fee, Paul Thuong Pham, Richard A Preuss, Shawn M Robbins
Study Design Literature review with meta-analysis. Background The McKenzie Method of Mechanical Diagnosis and Therapy (MDT), a classification-based system, was designed to classify patients into homogeneous subgroups to direct treatment. Objectives To examine the effectiveness of MDT for improving pain and disability in patients with either acute (less than 12 weeks in duration) or chronic (greater than 12 weeks in duration) low back pain (LBP). Methods Randomized controlled trials examining MDT in patients with LBP were identified from 6 databases...
June 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
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