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Nutrition screening

Katrien Benhalima, Caro Minschart, Dries Ceulemans, Annick Bogaerts, Bart Van Der Schueren, Chantal Mathieu, Roland Devlieger
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a frequent medical complication during pregnancy. This is partly due to the increasing prevalence of obesity in women of childbearing age. Since bariatric surgery is currently the most successful way to achieve maintained weight loss, increasing numbers of obese women of childbearing age receive bariatric surgery. Bariatric surgery performed before pregnancy significantly reduces the risk to develop GDM but the risk is generally still higher compared to normal weight pregnant women...
October 11, 2018: Nutrients
Lynette Feder, Phyllis Holditch Niolon, Jacquelyn Campbell, Daniel J Whitaker, Jessica Brown, Whitney Rostad, Sarah Bacon
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a significant public health problem with many negative consequences, particularly for pregnant women. This randomized trial investigated the effectiveness of an IPV preventive intervention embedded within the Nurse Family Partnership (NFP) program. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants enrolled over a 20-month period and were interviewed at baseline and 1- and 2-year follow-up. Eligibility criteria included first pregnancy, eligible for the nutrition program Women, Infants, and Children (WIC), English or Spanish speaking, and at least 15 years of age...
October 11, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
Jin Hwan Lee, Chung Eun Hwang, Kwang Sik Son, Kye Man Cho
This research was the first to demonstrate the variations of nutritional constituents, glucosidase properties and antioxidant activities in soybeans during different solid state fermentation times (germination → 5 periods for 12 days) with Tricholoma matsutake. Total isoflavones were significantly reduced (2661.54 → 1559.04 μg/g) with the increase of aglycone contents (107.61 → 1285.66 μg/g, 12 times) for fermentation, whereas amino acid and fatty acid slightly increased. Among them, daidzein (43...
January 30, 2019: Food Chemistry
Ruixia Song, Chenming Dong, Cuiting Wang, Hong Zhang, Zhaohui Yang
OBJECTIVE: To systematical evaluate the effect of Xuebijing injection in the treatment of multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS). METHODS: With the keywords including Xuebijing, multiple organ dysfunction syndrome, multiple organ dysfunction and multiple organ failure, PubMed, the Cochrane Library, Embase, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), China Biology Medicine (CBM), VIP and Wanfang Data from the database start until March 4th, 2018 were searched for relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs) related to Xuebijing injection combined conventional treatment versus conventional treatment alone for MODS...
September 2018: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
Anghy Daniela Aponte Borda, Olga Lucía Pinzón Espitia, Paula Andrea Aguilera Otalvaro
INTRODUCTION: malnutrition in the pediatric population has been associated with a great number of physiological problems and complications, which lead to a longer period of hospitalization, a higher risk of infections, a rise in mortality rate, and hence, a rise in assistance expenses. OBJECTIVE: to collect available evidence on tools of nutritional screening frequently used in pediatrics that allow identifying, preventing and intervening hospital malnutrition, as well as providing guidelines regarding the appropriate application instant...
October 8, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Emanuella Mardegani Batista Lima, Betullya Lucas Almeida, Hanna Barbosa Gomes, Janine Alexandre Borges Bartochevis, Tatiana Salgado Toniato, Thailiny Ricatti Lazzarini, Taisa Sabrina Silva Pereira, Valdete Regina Guandalini
BACKGROUND: it is essential for an early nutritional intervention that utilizes effective and practical nutritional screening and evaluation tools to diagnose nutritional status, increasing the patient's survival. OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the agreement of the Graz Malnutrition Screening (GMS) with subjective methods of nutritional evaluation in hospitalized patients. METHODS: descriptive cross-sectional study with adults and elderly of both sexes evaluated within 48 hours of hospital admission...
October 5, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Jutta Dierkes, Helene Dahl, Natasha Lervaag Welland, Kristina Sandnes, Kristin Sæle, Ingegjerd Sekse, Hans-Peter Marti
BACKGROUND: Poor nutritional status of patients with renal disease has been associated with worsening of renal function and poor health outcomes. Simply measuring weight and height for calculation of the body mass index does however not capture the true picture of nutritional status in these patients. Therefore, we measured nutritional status by BMI, body composition, waist circumference, dietary intake and nutritional screening in three groups of renal patients. METHODS: Patients with chronic kidney disease not on renal replacement therapy (CKD stages 3-5, n = 112), after renal transplantation (n = 72) and patients treated with hemodialysis (n = 24) were recruited in a tertiary hospital in Bergen, Norway in a cross-sectional observational study...
October 11, 2018: BMC Nephrology
Timothy J P Batchelor, Neil J Rasburn, Etienne Abdelnour-Berchtold, Alessandro Brunelli, Robert J Cerfolio, Michel Gonzalez, Olle Ljungqvist, René H Petersen, Wanda M Popescu, Peter D Slinger, Babu Naidu
Enhanced recovery after surgery is well established in specialties such as colorectal surgery. It is achieved through the introduction of multiple evidence-based perioperative measures that aim to diminish postoperative organ dysfunction while facilitating recovery. This review aims to present consensus recommendations for the optimal perioperative management of patients undergoing thoracic surgery (principally lung resection). A systematic review of meta-analyses, randomized controlled trials, large non-randomized studies and reviews was conducted for each protocol element...
October 9, 2018: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Egle Tamuleviciute-Prasciene, Kristina Drulyte, Greta Jurenaite, Raimondas Kubilius, Birna Bjarnason-Wehrens
The aim of this literature review was to evaluate existing evidence on exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation (CR) as a treatment option for elderly frail patients with valvular heart disease (VHD). Pubmed database was searched for articles between 1980 and January 2018. From 2623 articles screened, 61 on frailty and VHD and 12 on exercise-based training for patients with VHD were included in the analysis. We studied and described frailty assessment in this patient population. Studies reporting results of exercise training in patients after surgical/interventional VHD treatment were analyzed regarding contents and outcomes...
2018: BioMed Research International
Seunghyong Ryu, Hyeongrae Lee, Dong-Kyun Lee, Kyeongwoo Park
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aimed to develop a model predicting individuals with suicide ideation within a general population using a machine learning algorithm. METHODS: Among 35,116 individuals aged over 19 years from the Korea National Health & Nutrition Examination Survey, we selected 11,628 individuals via random down-sampling. This included 5,814 suicide ideators and the same number of non-suicide ideators. We randomly assigned the subjects to a training set (n=10,466) and a test set (n=1,162)...
October 11, 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
Frédéric Pamoukdjian, Evelyne Liuu, Philippe Caillet, Stéphane Herbaud, Mathilde Gisselbrecht, Johanne Poisson, Pascaline Boudou-Rouquette, Laurent Zelek, Elena Paillaud
Cancer is a disease of older people, but this age group has often been excluded from clinical trials of cancer, which leads to poor transportability of standardized treatments in older cancer patients. One of the main reasons for the exclusion is the heterogeneity of older people in several domains: social environment, comorbidities, dependency, functional status, nutritional status, cognition status, and mood status. Comprehensive geriatric assessment aims to assess this heterogeneity and has identified frequent health problems often unknown before therapeutic decisions, which allows for targeted geriatric interventions with or without follow-up and appropriate cancer treatment selection...
October 8, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Oncology
Cindy Kenis, Abdelbari Baitar, Lore Decoster, Jacques De Grève, Jean-Pierre Lobelle, Johan Flamaing, Koen Milisen, Hans Wildiers
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine and compare the added prognostic value of screening tools, geriatric assessment (GA) components, and GA summaries to clinical information for overall survival (OS) in older patients with cancer. METHODS: A screening and a 10-item GA were systematically performed in patients ≥70 years old with cancer. Cox regression analyses were conducted to evaluate the added prognostic value for OS of screening tools, GA, and GA summaries to clinical information (age, stage, and tumor type) in 2 cohorts (A and B)...
October 9, 2018: Cancer
N Zoremba, M Coburn, G Schälte
Delirium is the most common form of cerebral dysfunction in intensive care patients and is a medical emergency that must be avoided or promptly diagnosed and treated. According to current knowledge the development of delirium seems to be caused by an interplay between increased vulnerability (predisposition) and simultaneous exposure to delirogenic factors. Since delirium is often overlooked in the clinical routine, a continuous screening for delirium should be performed. Due to the close connection between delirium, agitation and pain, sedation and analgesia must be evaluated at least every 8 h analogous to delirium screening...
October 8, 2018: Der Anaesthesist
Alba Yépez, Pasquale Russo, Giuseppe Spano, Iuliia Khomenko, Franco Biasioli, Vittorio Capozzi, Rosa Aznar
Cereal-based functional beverages represent social, economic, and environmental sustainable opportunities to cope with emerging trends in food consumption and global nutrition. Here we report, for the first time, the polyphasic characterization of three cereal-based kefir-like riboflavin-enriched beverages, obtained from oat, maize and barley flours, and their comparison with classical milk-based kefir. The four matrices were successfully fermented with commercial starters: i) milk-kefir and ii) water-kefir, proving the potential of cereal ingredients in the formulation of dairy-like fermented beverages with milk-kefir starter behavior better in these matrices...
February 2019: Food Microbiology
Csaba Móczár, Imre Rurik
BACKGROUND: In Hungary, since 1990, each government has tried to transform and rationalize the structure of health care. One of the reforms was the Care Managing Organization (CMO) programme introduced in 1999. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this paper is to describe the regional, environmental, structural and preliminary health related outcomes of the CMO in Bács-Kiskun County (Central-Eastern Hungary). METHODS: First, cardiovascular screening programmes were organized for pre-screened and randomly selected populations of a total of 4462 persons...
October 8, 2018: Primary Health Care Research & Development
Aimee McCreedy, Sumedha Bird, Lucy J Brown, James Shaw-Stewart, Yen-Fu Chen
BACKGROUND: Nutrition in the first 1000 days between pregnancy and 24 months of life is critical for child health, and exclusive breastfeeding is promoted as the infant's best source of nutrition in the first 6 months. Caffeine is a central nervous system stimulant occurring naturally in some foods and used to treat primary apnoea in premature babies. However high caffeine intake can be harmful, and caffeine is transmitted into breastmilk. AIM: To systematically review the evidence on the effects of maternal caffeine consumption during breastfeeding on the breastfed child...
September 24, 2018: Swiss Medical Weekly
Aikebaier Renaguli, Y Z Luo, X L Wang, Yimamu Dilidaer, Wulamu Muyeshsaer, Julaiti Guzailinuer, Y Y Zhang, Y Y Xin, Yanying Guo
Objective: To investigate the relationship between thyrotropin (TSH) and urine iodine in pregnant women of Han and Uygur ethnic groups in People's Hospital of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. Methods: A total of 1 568 pregnant who completed screening of TSH and urine iodine in People's Hospital of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region hospital from August 2014 to December 2017 were included in the study, 956 cases were Han and the other 612 were Uygur. Basic clinical data, serum TSH, thyroid peroxidase autoantibody (TPOAb) , and urine iodine levels were retrospectively analyzed...
September 25, 2018: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
Michelle A Kominiarek, Linda C O'Dwyer, Melissa A Simon, Beth A Plunkett
BACKGROUND: Providers need to be comfortable addressing obesity and gestational weight gain so they may give appropriate care; however, health care providers lack guidelines for the most effective educational strategies to assist in providing optimal care. OBJECTIVE: To identify studies that involved the obstetric provider in interventions for either the perinatal management of obesity and/or gestational weight gain in a systematic review. SEARCH STRATEGY: A keyword search of databases was performed up to April 2017...
2018: PloS One
Katie Newman, Kelly O'Donovan, Natasha Bear, Annie Robertson, Raewyn Mutch, Sarah Cherian
AIM: Nutritional deprivation, inadequate diet and food insecurity are common refugee experiences. The growth and nutritional status of paediatric refugees following resettlement in developed countries and the related interplay with socio-economic factors remain less defined; this study aims to describe these features. METHODS: Standardised dietary, medical and socio-demographic health assessments of new refugee patients attending a multidisciplinary paediatric Refugee Health Service (RHS) in Western Australia between 2010 and 2015 were analysed...
October 5, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Paula Soukkio, Sara Suikkanen, Sanna Kääriä, Hannu Kautiainen, Sarianna Sipilä, Katriina Kukkonen-Harjula, Markku Hupli
BACKGROUND: Health concerns, such as frailty and osteoporotic fractures decrease functional capacity and increase use of health and social care services in the aging population. The ability to continue living at home is dependent on functional capacity, which can be enhanced by rehabilitation. We study the effects of a 12-month home-based physiotherapy program with 12-month follow-up on duration of living at home, functional capacity, and the use of social and health care services among older persons with signs of frailty, or with a recently operated hip fracture...
October 1, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
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