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Nutrition screening

Shailima Rampogu, Saravanan Parameswaran, Mary Rampogu Lemuel, Keun Woo Lee
Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum) is used as a spice throughout the world. It is known for its medicinal properties such as antidiabetic, anticarcinogenic, and immunological activities. The present study shows the properties and the nutritional quality of fenugreek seed extract and focuses on screening of active compounds in drug designing for type 2 diabetes and breast cancer. Quantitative analysis was used to calculate the percentages of protein, carbohydrates moisture, fatty acid, galactomannan, oil, and amino acid...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Kirsten Berding, Sharon M Donovan
Diet is one of the most influential environmental factors in determining the composition of the gastrointestinal microbiota. Microbial dysbiosis in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and the impact of some bacterial taxa on symptoms of ASD has been recognized. Children with ASD are often described as picky eaters with low intake of fiber-rich foods, including fruits and vegetables. However, the impact of diet on the microbiota composition in children with ASD is largely unknown. Herein, fecal samples, 3 day food diaries and the Youth and Adolescence Food Frequency questionnaire (YAQ) were collected from children with ASD (ASD; n = 26) and unaffected controls (CONT; n = 32)...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Nicola A Clayton, Caroline M Nicholls, Karen Blazquez, Cheryl Brownlow, Peter K Maitz, Oliver M Fisher, Andrea C Issler-Fisher
BACKGROUND: Management of burns in older persons is complex with evidence indicating advanced age is associated with elevated risk for morbidity and mortality. Dysphagia and its sequelae may further increase this risk. AIMS: (1) Determine the prevalence, and (2) identify risk factors for dysphagia in patients admitted with severe burn injury over 75 years. METHODS: All patients >75 years admitted to Concord Repatriation General Hospital with severe burn injury over a 4-year period (2013-2017) were assessed for dysphagia on presentation and continually monitored throughout their admission...
August 11, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
Y H Dong, Z G Yang, Y D Yang, S Wang, Z H Wang, X J Wang, Y J Chen, Z Y Zou, J Ma
Objective: This study aimed to explore the association between malnutrition and the level of blood pressure (BP) as well as elevated BP (EBP) in Han students aged 7 to 18 years in China. Methods: 170 037 subjects with normal nutritional status and malnutrition were enrolled in this study from 2014 Chinese National Surveys on Students' Constitution and Health with a multi-stage stratified cluster random sampling framework covering 31 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities after the exclusion of 44 317 overweight and obese students...
August 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
Wencke Walter, Martin Bornhäuser, Friedrich Stölzel, Anne Zeidler, Holger Knoth
BACKGROUND: Screening for Aspergillus (Asp-AG) and Candida antigen (Ca-AG) with immunoassays is established for stem cell recipients at high risk for invasive fungal infections (IFI). While parenteral nutrition (PN) will be applied in case of complications leading to insufficient alimentation, piperacillin-tazobactam (TZP) is started at the onset of febrile neutropenia. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate drug-laboratory interactions between PN as well as TZP and both immunoassays which could affect the specificity of the assays and lead to false assumption of an IFI...
August 14, 2018: Mycoses
Miquel Perelló-Amorós, Emilio J Vélez, Jaume Vela-Albesa, Albert Sánchez-Moya, Natàlia Riera-Heredia, Ida Hedén, Jaume Fernández-Borràs, Josefina Blasco, Josep A Calduch-Giner, Isabel Navarro, Encarnación Capilla, Elisabeth Jönsson, Jaume Pérez-Sánchez, Joaquim Gutiérrez
Ghrelin is involved in the regulation of growth in vertebrates through controlling different functions, such as feed intake, metabolism, intestinal activity or growth hormone (Gh) secretion. The aim of this work was to identify the sequences of preproghrelin and Ghrelin receptors ( ghsrs ), and to study their responses to different nutritional conditions in gilthead sea bream ( Sparus aurata ) juveniles. The structure and phylogeny of S. aurata preproghrelin was analyzed, and a tissue screening was performed...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
Laura Rafaela Monteiro de Almeida Maciel, Oellen Stuani Franzosi, Diego Silva Leite Nunes, Sérgio Henrique Loss, Audrey Machado Dos Reis, Bibiana de Almeida Rubin, Silvia Regina Rios Vieira
BACKGROUND: The Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 (NRS-2002) is a widely recommended nutrition risk indicator. Two cut-offs have been proposed for intensive care unit (ICU) patients to classify nutrition risk: ≥3-<5, at risk and ≥5, high risk. To date, no study has directly compared these cut-offs. The aim of this study is to compare the NRS-2002 ICU nutrition risk cut-offs as predictors of clinical outcomes including infections, ICU and hospital mortality, length of stay (LOS), duration of mechanical ventilation (MVd), weaning failure, tracheotomy for prolonged MVd, and chronic critical illness (CCI)...
August 13, 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
Cornelia M Borkhoff, David W H Dai, Jennifer A Jairam, Peter D Wong, Kelly Anne Cox, Jonathon L Maguire, Catherine S Birken, Colin Macarthur, Patricia C Parkin
Background: Little is known about nutrition outcomes in preschoolers associated with breastfeeding duration beyond 12 mo of age. Objective: The aim was to examine the association between total breastfeeding duration and nutrition outcomes at 3 to 5 y of age. Design: A cross-sectional study in healthy children, ages 3-5 y, recruited from 9 primary care practices in Toronto was conducted through the TARGet Kids! (The Applied Research Group for Kids) research network...
August 1, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Noriyuki Hirahara, Yoshitsugu Tajima, Yusuke Fujii, Ryoji Hyakudomi, Tetsu Yamamoto, Kazunari Ishitobi, Takahito Taniura, Yasunari Kawabata
BACKGROUND: Red cell distribution width (RDW) is routinely assessed as part of the complete blood count (CBC) to gather information on the heterogeneity in the size of circulating erythrocytes. RDW is a more sensitive screening marker for anemia, inflammation, and nutritional deficiencies. The purpose of this study was to explore the prognostic value of RDW in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) patients. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of data from 148 ESCC consecutive patients who underwent potentially curative esophagectomy and analyzed the correlation of RDW with various clinicopathological factors...
October 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
Daniel Restifo, Joni S Williams, Emma Garacci, Rebekah J Walker, Mukoso N Ozieh, Leonard E Egede
BACKGROUND: Diabetes has been identified as a risk factor for developing colorectal cancer (CRC); however, the literature identifying groups most at risk is sparse. This study aims to understand the relationship between CRC and diabetes by age and race/ethnicity. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of data from the 2001-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (unweighted n = 37,173; weighted n = 214,363,348). Individuals were categorized as having CRC if diagnosed with colon or rectal cancer and as having diabetes if told by a doctor they had diabetes, were taking insulin, or had an HbA1c ≥ 6...
September 2018: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
Milene Moehlecke, Carina Andriatta Blume, Felipe Vogt Cureau, Christian Kieling, Beatriz D Schaan
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the agreement and risk factors for underestimation and overestimation between nutritional status and self-perceived body image and to assess the prevalence and associated factors for dissatisfaction with body weight among Brazilian adolescents. METHODS: Students aged 12-17 years participating in the Study of Cardiovascular Risk in Adolescents ("ERICA"), a multicenter, cross-sectional, school-based country-wide study, were included (n=71,740)...
August 9, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
Chao Li, Qian Ni, Yifang Pei, Yi Ren, Yufei Feng
BACKGROUND & AIMS: We performed a meta-analysis of data from recent studies to evaluate the safety and efficacy of parenteral nutrition (PN) with structured triglyceride (STG) lipid emulsions compared to medium-chain triglyceride (MCT)/long-chain triglyceride (LCT) lipid emulsions in Chinese patients. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Internet, Wanfang, and VIP were searched for randomized controlled trials comparing STGs with MCTs/LCTs published in English or Chinese between January 1987 and October 2017...
July 25, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Anthony K Akobeng, Dongni Zhang, Morris Gordon, John K MacDonald
BACKGROUND: Prevention of relapse is a major issue in the management of quiescent Crohn's disease (CD). Current therapies (e.g. methotrexate, biologics, 6-mercaptopurine and azathioprine) may be effective for maintaining remission in CD, but these drugs may cause significant adverse events. Interventions that are effective and safe for maintenance of remission in CD are desirable. OBJECTIVES: The primary objectives were to evaluate the efficacy and safety of enteral nutrition for the maintenance of remission in CD and to assess the impact of formula composition on effectiveness...
August 11, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Diamanti Antonella, Cereda Emanuele, Capriati Teresa, Giorgio Daniela, Brusco Carla, Liguori Alessandra, Raponi Massimiliano
BACKGROUND: Information on disease-related malnutrition and related outcomes in pediatric patients with chronic diseases in different settings of care is not available. METHODS: Consecutive eligible patients attending the out-patient clinic (n = 177) or admitted to the day-hospital clinic (n = 163) or to hospital (n = 201) were screened for the presence of malnutrition (BMI and/or height/length for age z-scores < -2). We recorded data on emergency care admissions to hospital that occurred during the 3 years before screening and related total days of stay, as well as data on emergency care admissions to hospital occurring within 6 months after screening...
July 27, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Rukshana Shroff, Aysun Bayazit, Constantinos J Stefanidis, Varvara Askiti, Karolis Azukaitis, Nur Canpolat, Ayse Agbas, Ali Anarat, Bilal Aoun, Sevcan Bakkaloglu, Devina Bhowruth, Dagmara Borzych-Dużałka, Ipek Kaplan Bulut, Rainer Büscher, Claire Dempster, Ali Duzova, Sandra Habbig, Wesley Hayes, Shivram Hegde, Saoussen Krid, Christoph Licht, Mieczyslaw Litwin, Mark Mayes, Sevgi Mir, Rose Nemec, Lukasz Obrycki, Fabio Paglialonga, Stefano Picca, Bruno Ranchin, Charlotte Samaille, Mohan Shenoy, Manish Sinha, Colette Smith, Brankica Spasojevic, Enrico Vidal, Karel Vondrák, Alev Yilmaz, Ariane Zaloszyc, Michel Fischbach, Franz Schaefer, Claus Peter Schmitt
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease is prevalent in children on dialysis and accounts for almost 30% of all deaths. Randomised trials in adults suggest that haemodiafiltration (HDF) with high convection volumes is associated with reduced cardiovascular mortality compared to high-flux haemodialysis (HD); however paediatric data are scarce. We designed the haemodiafiltration, heart and height (3H) study to test the hypothesis that children on HDF have an improved cardiovascular risk profile, growth and nutritional status and quality of life, compared to those on conventional HD...
August 10, 2018: BMC Nephrology
Caleigh M Sawicki, Kara A Livingston, Alastair B Ross, Paul F Jacques, Katie Koecher, Nicola M McKeown
Consumption of whole grains have been associated with reduced risk of chronic diseases in many observational studies; yet, results of intervention studies are mixed. We aimed to use evidence mapping to capture the methodological and reporting variability in whole grain intervention studies that may contribute to this inconsistency. We conducted a reproducible search in OVID Medline for whole grain human intervention studies (published 1946 to February 2018). After screening based on a priori criteria, we identified 202 publications describing a total of 213 unique trials...
August 9, 2018: Nutrients
Rodrigo Zenun Franco, Rosalind Fallaize, Julie A Lovegrove, Faustina Hwang
BACKGROUND: With widespread use of the internet, lifestyle and dietary data collection can now be facilitated using online questionnaires as opposed to paper versions. We have developed a graphical food frequency assessment app (eNutri), which is able to assess dietary intake using a validated food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and provide personalised nutrition advice. FFQ user acceptance and evaluation have not been investigated extensively and only a few studies involving user acceptance of nutrition assessment and advice apps by older adults are published...
2018: PloS One
Y Okubo, M Nemoto, Y Osuka, S Jung, S Seino, R Figueroa, G Vinyes-Pares, E A Offord, M Shevlyakova, D Breuille, K Tanaka
OBJECTIVE: Develop and evaluate the feasibility and validity of the Nutrition and Functionality Assessment (NFA) which identifies "target" older adults who could benefit from a personalized program following evaluation of their nutrition status and physical functionality. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Community and geriatric day-care centers and university in Japan. PARTICIPANTS: 267 older adults aged 65-90...
2018: Journal of Frailty & Aging
Rachel C Heenan, Thomas Volkman, Simon Stokes, Shidan Tosif, Hamish Graham, Andrea Smith, David Tran, Georgia Paxton
AIM: To examine refugee health assessments in Syrian and Iraqi children in the context of changes to offshore immigration screening, updated Australian refugee health guidelines and the primary care refugee health model in Victoria. METHODS: This is a retrospective audit of Syrian and Iraqi children aged 0-17 years attending a specialist immigrant health service from January 2015 to September 2017. RESULTS: We saw 128 children (7 months-16 years, 64...
August 9, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Kris M Mogensen, Sandra Bouma, Amanda Haney, Vincent W Vanek, Ainsley Malone, Sadeq A Quraishi, Peggi Guenter
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is a significant problem for hospitalized patients in the United States. Nutrition assessment is an important step in recognizing malnutrition; however, it is not always performed using consistent parameters. METHODS: A survey among U.S. American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (ASPEN) members was conducted to collect data on nutrition assessment parameters used in hospitals and to establish how facilities use their electronic health record (EHR) to permit data retrieval and outcome reporting...
August 8, 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
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