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Zhijuan Yang, Qian Chen, Jiawen Chen, Ziliang Dong, Rui Zhang, Jingjing Liu, Zhuang Liu
Despite the promises of applying nano-photosensitizers (nano-PSs) for photodynamic therapy (PDT) against cancer, severe tumor hypoxia and limited tumor penetration of nano-PSs would lead to nonoptimized therapeutic outcomes of PDT. Therefore, herein a biocompatible nano-PS is prepared by using tamoxifen (TAM), an anti-estrogen compound, to induce self-assembly of chlorin e6 (Ce6) modified human serum albumin (HSA). The formed HSA-Ce6/TAM nanocomplexes, which are stable under neutral pH with a diameter of ≈130 nm, would be dissociated into individual HSA-Ce6 and TAM molecules under the acidic tumor microenvironment, owing to the pH responsive transition of TAM from hydrophobic to hydrophilic...
October 11, 2018: Small
Qian Wang, Jia-Mi Li, Hui Yu, Kai Deng, Wei Zhou, Cai-Xia Wang, Yang Zhang, Kun-Heng Li, Ren-Xi Zhuo, Shi-Wen Huang
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) as an alternative choice of cancer treatment method has attracted increasing attention in the past few decades. A sufficient amount of oxygen is essential for the production of singlet oxygen (1O2) in successful PDT; however, hypoxia is a typical hallmark of cancer, which is one of the most important limitation factors of PDT. To overcome the hypoxic tumour microenvironment and achieve highly efficient photodynamic cancer therapy, herein, a photosensitizer Ce6-loaded fluorinated polymeric micelle (Ce6-PFOC-PEI-M) was constructed via the self-assembly of an amphiphilic polymer prepared from perfluorooctanoic acid and branched polyethyleneimine (10 kDa)...
October 11, 2018: Biomaterials Science
Yu Yang, Wenjun Zhu, Liangzhu Feng, Yu Chao, Xuan Yi, Ziliang Dong, Kai Yang, Weihong Tan, Zhuang Liu, Meiwan Chen
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a light-triggered therapy used to kill cancer cells by producing reactive oxygen species (ROS). Herein, a new kind of DNA nanostructure based on the coordination between calcium ions (Ca2+ ) and AS1411 DNA G quadruplexes to form nanoscale coordination polymers (NCPs) is developed via a simple method. Both chlorine e6 (Ce6), a photosensitizer, and hemin, an iron-containing porphyrin, can be inserted into the G-quadruplex structure in the obtained NCPs. With further polyethylene glycol (PEG) modification, we obtain Ca-AS1411/Ce6/hemin@pHis-PEG (CACH-PEG) NCP nanostructure that enables the intranuclear transport of photosensitizer Ce6 to generate ROS inside cell nuclei that are the most vulnerable to ROS...
October 10, 2018: Nano Letters
Ruyuan Song, Dehong Hu, Ho Yin Chung, Zonghai Sheng, Shuhuai Yao
Hypoxia in solid tumors may be a hindrance to effective treatments of tumors in achieving their therapeutic potential, especially for photodynamic therapy (PDT) which requires oxygen as the supplement substrate. Oxygen delivery using perfluorocarbon emulsions or lipid oxygen microbubbles has been developed as the agents to supply endogenous oxygen to fuel singlet oxygen generation in PDT. However, such methods suffer from premature oxygen release and storage issues. To address these limitations, we designed lipid-polymer bilaminar oxygen nanobubbles with chlorin e6 (Ce6) conjugated to the polymer shell as a novel oxygen self-supplement agent for PDT...
October 9, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Yongyan Deng, Fan Jia, Shengyu Chen, Zhida Shen, Qiao Jin, Guosheng Fu, Jian Ji
A glutathione (GSH)-sensitive supramolecular nitric oxide (NO) nanogenerator is developed as an all-rounder for enhanced photodynamic therapy (PDT). By integrating GSH-sensitive NO prodrug into the system via LEGO-like host-guest interaction, the nanocarrier could not only deplete intracellular GSH, but also relieve hypoxia at tumor sites through NO mediated blood vessel relaxation. Furthermore, reactive nitrogen species (RNS) with enhanced biocidal activity could be produced by the reaction between NO and reactive oxygen species (ROS), generated from α-cyclodextrin (α-CD) conjugated S-nitrosothiol and light-activated chlorin e6 (Ce6) respectively...
September 29, 2018: Biomaterials
Yanlei Liu, Xiao Zhi, Wenxiu Hou, Fangfang Xia, Jingpu Zhang, Lexiang Li, Yuping Hong, Hao Yan, Chen Peng, Jesus Martinez de la Fuentea, Jie Song, Daxiang Cui
The development of multifunctional nanoparticles for tumor theranostics has become a research hotspot. Despite the advantages of non-invasive precision diagnostics and efficient drug-delivery, these nanoparticles bring two significant issues: (i) a potential toxic effect and (ii) difficult clearance. To solve these issues, carbon dots (C-dots) are key potential candidates owing to their unique properties, such as excellent biocompatibility and rapid renal clearance. However, their small size leads to a short circulation time in the blood, which causes non-sufficient tumor accumulation for antitumor therapy...
October 4, 2018: Nanoscale
Kai Zhang, Yuedong Zhang, Xiangdan Meng, Huiting Lu, Huan Chang, Haifeng Dong, Xueji Zhang
Hypoxia tumor microenvironment is a major challenge for photodynamical therapy (PDT), and hypoxia-activated chemotherapy combined PDT could be promising for enhanced anticancer therapy. In this study, we report an innovative 2-nitroimidazole derivative conjugated polyethylene glycol (PEG) amphoteric polymer theranostic liposome encapsulated a photosensitizer Chlorin e6 (Ce6), hypoxia-activated prodrug Tirapazamine (TPZ) and gene probe for synergistic photodynamic-chemotherapy. Ce6-mediated PDT upon irradiation with a laser induces hypoxia, which leads to the disassembly of the liposome and activates the antitumor activity of TPZ for improved cancer cell-killing...
December 2018: Biomaterials
Kyong-Hoon Choi, Ki Chang Nam, Guangsup Cho, Jin-Seung Jung, Bong Joo Park
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a promising alternative to conventional cancer treatment methods. Nonetheless, improvement of in vivo light penetration and cancer cell-targeting efficiency remain major challenges in clinical photodynamic therapy. This study aimed to develop multifunctional magnetic nanoparticles conjugated with a photosensitizer (PS) and cancer-targeting molecules via a simple surface modification process for PDT. To selectively target cancer cells and PDT functionality, core magnetic (Fe₃O₄) nanoparticles were covalently bound with chlorin e6 (Ce6) as a PS and folic acid (FA)...
September 13, 2018: Nanomaterials
Lihong Sun, Qian Li, Mengmeng Hou, Ya Gao, Ruihao Yang, Lei Zhang, Zhigang Xu, Yuejun Kang, Peng Xue
Multiple therapeutic modalities, such as photodynamic (PDT) and photothermal (PTT) therapies, have been jointly applied to produce a synergistic effect for tumor eradication based on the hyperthermia and generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) mediated by photoactive agents. Effective delivery of highly efficient photosensitizers and photothermal agents is the key for combination of PDT/PTT. Herein, we propose a strategy to functionalize Prussian blue (PB) nanoparticles (NPs) with Chlorin e6 (Ce6)-imbedded erythrocyte membrane vesicles...
September 7, 2018: Biomaterials Science
Thomas Bell, Chris R Celania, Volodymyr Smetana, Anja Verena Mudring, Gerd Meyer
The three binary Tb/Er-rich transition metal compounds Tb3 Pd2 (triterbium dipalladium), Er3 Pd2 (trierbium dipalladium) and Er6 Co5-x (hexaerbium pentacobalt) crystallize in the space groups Pbam (Pearson symbol oP20), P4/mbm (tP10) and P63 /m (hP22), respectively. Single crystals of Tb3 Pd2 and Er6 Co5-x suitable for X-ray structure analysis were obtained using rare-earth halides as a flux. Tb3 Pd2 adopts its own structure type, which can be described as a superstructural derivative of the U3 Si2 type, which is the type adopted by Er3 Pd2 ...
September 1, 2018: Acta Crystallographica. Section C, Structural Chemistry
Min Gao, Xuan Meng, Xuliang Guo, Jundong Zhu, Aiping Fan, Zheng Wang, Yanjun Zhao
Traditional antitumor nanomedicines have been suffering from the poor tumor targeting (ca. 1%) by the enhanced permeability and retention (EPR) effect, and the low drug loading (<5%). It was postulated that engineering all-active nanoplatform could increase the therapeutic efficacy to enable the nanocarrier function as both vehicle and active ingredient. To achieve this, a photosensitizer, Ce6 was encapsulated within polymeric micelles with unsaturated fatty acids as the building blocks. Upon light irradiation, the singlet oxygen produced by Ce6 induced lipid peroxidation, resulting in the generation of both active free radicals and aldehydes...
September 28, 2018: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
Han Zhang, Kai Liu, Shukun Li, Xia Xin, Shiling Yuan, Guanghui Ma, Xuehai Yan
Minimalist multifunctional platforms for delivering diagnostic and therapeutic agents effectively and safely into tumor sites are highly desired in nanomedicine. Herein, we describe the fabrication of a supramolecular nanoplatform via the amphiphilic amino acid (9-fluorenylmethyloxycarbonyl-l-leucine, Fmoc-l-L)-modulated self-assembly of a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agent (ionic manganese, Mn2+ ) and photosensitive drug (chlorin e6, Ce6). Coordination drives the coassembly of Fmoc-l-L and Mn2+ to generate a nanoscale supramolecular network to adaptively encapsulate Ce6...
August 28, 2018: ACS Nano
Binghua Wang, Jingyi An, Huifang Zhang, Shudong Zhang, Huijuan Zhang, Lei Wang, Hongling Zhang, Zhenzhong Zhang
While immunotherapy has a tremendous clinical potential to combat cancer, immune responses generated by conventional cancer immunotherapy remain not enough to completely eliminate tumors, mainly due to the tumor's immunosuppressive microenvironment and heterogeneity of tumor immunogenicity. To improve antitumor immune responses and realize personalized immunotherapy, in this report, endogenous tumor antigens (ETAs) that dynamically present on tumor cells are transported to lymph nodes (LNs). Based on the hypothesis that nano Fe3 O4 (≈10 nm) could serve as the nanocarrier for transporting ETAs from the tumor to LNs, we wondrously find that Fe3 O4 has a tremendous potential to improve cancer immunotherapy, because of its excellent protein-captured efficiency and LNs-targeted ability...
September 2018: Small
Xinyi Lin, Ming Wu, Ming Li, Zhixiong Cai, Haiyan Sun, Xionghong Tan, Jiong Li, Yongyi Zeng, Xiaolong Liu, Jingfeng Liu
The development of multifunctional carriers incorporating genetic and photodynamic therapy (PDT) for synergistic antitumor treatment has attracted intensive interests very recently. However, most of the currently reported systems employ passive gene release strategies depending on tumor microenvironment, which are negatively affected by the heterogeneity of cancer cells, thus resulting in limited controllability in therapeutic progress. Herein, a novel photo-responsive hollow silica nanoparticle (HNP)-based gene and photosensitizer (PS) co-delivery nanovehicle is designed for dual-wavelength light-triggered synergistic gene and PDT therapy...
August 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
Chuang Liu, Lijia Luo, Leyong Zeng, Jie Xing, Yuanzhi Xia, Shan Sun, Luyun Zhang, Zhe Yu, Junlie Yao, Zhangsen Yu, Ozioma Udochukwu Akakuru, Madiha Saeed, Aiguo Wu
AuroShell nanoparticles (sealed gold nanoshell on silica) are the only inorganic materials that are approved for clinical trial for photothermal ablation of solid tumors. Based on that, porous gold nanoshell structures are thus critical for cancer multiple theranostics in the future owing to their inherent cargo-loading ability. Nevertheless, adjusting the diverse experimental parameters of the reported procedures to obtain porous gold nanoshell structures is challenging. Herein, a series of amino-functionalized porous metal-organic frameworks (NH2 -MOFs) nanoparticles are uncovered as superior templates for porous gold nanoshell deposition (NH2 -MOFs@Aushell ) by means of a more facile and general one-step method, which combines the enriched functionalities of NH2 -MOFs with those of porous gold nanoshells...
August 2018: Small
Yayun Wang, Makiko Sakka, Haruka Yagi, Satoshi Kaneko, Hirotaka Katsuzaki, Emi Kunitake, Tetsuya Kimura, Kazuo Sakka
Ruminiclostridium josui Abf62A-Axe6A is a modular enzyme comprising (in order from the N-terminus): an N-terminal signal peptide, a glycoside hydrolase family 62 (GH62) catalytic module, a family 6 carbohydrate binding module (CBM6), a dockerin module and an additional carbohydrate esterase family 6 catalytic module (CE6). In this study, three Abf62A-Axe6A derivatives were constructed, overexpressed in Escherichia coli, purified, and biochemically characterized: RjAbf62A-Axe6A, containing all four modules but lacking the signal peptide; RjAbf62A-CBM6, containing the GH62 and CBM6 modules; and RjAxe6A, containing only CE6...
October 2018: Enzyme and Microbial Technology
Zhenyu Luo, Hao Tian, Lanlan Liu, Zhikuan Chen, Ruijing Liang, Ze Chen, Zhihao Wu, Aiqing Ma, Mingbin Zheng, Lintao Cai
Hypoxia is a characteristic feature of solid tumors and an important causation of resistance to chemotherapy and photodynamic therapy (PDT). It is challenging to develop efficient functional nanomaterials for tumor oxygenation and therapeutic applications. Methods: Through disulfide reconfiguration to hybridize hemoglobin and albumin, tumor-targeted hybrid protein oxygen carriers (HPOCs) were fabricated, serving as nanomedicines for precise tumor oxygenation and simultaneous enhancement of hypoxia-dampened chemotherapy and photodynamic therapy...
2018: Theranostics
Pham Thi Thu Phuong, Sungin Lee, Changkyu Lee, Bohyung Seo, Sanghyun Park, Kyung Taek Oh, Eun Seong Lee, Han-Gon Choi, Beom Soo Shin, Yu Seok Youn
Chlorin e6 (Ce6) has attracted considerable interest as a promising second-generation photosensitizer for photodynamic therapy (PDT). However, the in vivo availability of Ce6 is significantly restricted by its low water solubility and poor ability to target tumors. We sought to overcome the limitations of Ce6 by using albumin nanoparticles with nab™ (nanoparticle albumin-bound) technology. The fabricated albumin nanoparticles consisted of bovine serum albumin (BSA), Ce6-BSA, and beta-carotene as a carrier, photosensitizing agent, and cross-linker, respectively...
November 1, 2018: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Siyu Wang, Fang Guo, Yanhui Ji, Meng Yu, Jinping Wang, Nan Li
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is commonly restricted by inefficient tumor selectivity during clinical study. Hence, a mitochondria-targeting multifunctional nanocarrier "theranosome (TNS)" was developed for near-infrared fluorescent (NIRF) imaging and photoacoustic (PA) imaging. What's more, the TNS can also enhance PDT efficacy. In this work, chlorin e6 (Ce6) undertakes reactive oxygen generation and fluorescence emission. Ce6 was quenched when being encapsulated into TNS together with IR780 iodide...
August 6, 2018: Molecular Pharmaceutics
Mijin Koo, Kyung Taek Oh, Gwangjin Noh, Eun Seong Lee
We report functional gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) with a pH-sensitive γ-cyclodextrin (CD) cap. These particles include two chargeable CD molecules on their surface. CD with dopamine and amine (NH2 ) groups (hereafter termed as dCD-NH2 ) was anchored to the gold surface and then electrostatically complexed with the CD with 2,3-dimethylmaleic acid (DMA) and chlorin e6 (Ce6) (hereafter termed as cCD-DMA), producing an ionic complex consisting of dCD-NH2 and cCD-DMA. Under the acidic environment (pH 6.8) existing in most solid tumors, the ionic complex was destabilized because of the decoupling of DMA, resulting in the release of cCD (without DMA) from the AuNPs, resulting in extensive tumoral uptake of AuNPs with dCD-NH2 (because of their electrostatic attraction to tumor cells)...
July 25, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
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