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Eva M Leunissen, Stephen M Dawson
Impact pile-driving generates loud underwater anthropogenic sounds, and is routinely conducted in harbours around the world. Surprisingly few studies of these sounds and their propagation are published in the primary literature. To partially redress this we studied pile-driving sounds in Lyttelton Harbour, New Zealand, during wharf reconstruction after earthquake damage. That Lyttelton harbour is routinely used by Hector's dolphins (Cephalorhynchus hectori), an endangered species found only in New Zealand, provided further context for this study...
October 2018: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Sundus Ayyaz, Usman Qamar, Raheel Nawaz
A Recommender System (RS) is an intelligent system that assists users in finding the items of their interest (e.g. books, movies, music) by preventing them to go through huge piles of data available online. In an effort to overcome the data sparsity issue in recommender systems, this research incorporates a content based filtering technique with fuzzy inference system and a conformal prediction approach introducing a new framework called Hybrid Content based Fuzzy Conformal Recommender System (HCF-CRS). The proposed framework is implemented to be used in the domain of movies and it provides quality recommendations to users with a confidence level and an improved accuracy...
2018: PloS One
Kyoka Kiryu, Toshiaki Takeichi, Osamu Kitamura
We present a 23-year-old married couple who died by accidental burial in a beach sand hole. The victims fell into a hole that had been covered with a plastic sheet, and were buried suddenly by sand that had been piled on the top of the sheet. At autopsy, facial congestion; petechial hemorrhages in the conjunctivae and the oral mucosa; skin petechiae at the face, neck and upper chest; congestion and hemorrhages in the cervical lymph nodes; and some minor hemorrhages in the cervical muscles were found in both victims...
September 27, 2018: Legal Medicine
Isabel Gálvez, Silvia Torres-Piles, Eduardo Ortega
OBJECTIVES: Balneotherapy with mud application (mud therapy) is a common hydrothermal intervention for the treatment and rehabilitation of elderly patients with osteoarthritis, leading to anti-inflammatory effects. The main purpose of this investigation was to study a role for regulatory T cells in these anti-inflammatory effects. The second objective was to assess whether the neutrophil-mediated innate response is affected by these anti-inflammatory effects. METHODS: Thirty-six elderly patients with knee osteoarthritis underwent a 10-day cycle of balneotherapy at a spa center...
October 8, 2018: International Journal of Hyperthermia
Yejin Lee, Byungho Lim, Seon Woo Lee, Woo Rin Lee, Yong-In Kim, Minhyeok Kim, Hyoungseok Ju, Mi Young Kim, Suk-Jo Kang, Ji-Joon Song, J Eugene Lee, Changwon Kang
BACKGROUND: Human ANKRD9 (ankyrin repeat domain 9) expression is altered in some cancers. METHODS: We tested genetic association of ANKRD9 with gastric cancer susceptibility and examined functional association of ANKRD9 with altered proliferation of MKN45 gastric cancer cells. We then identified ANKRD9-binding partners in HEK 293 embryonic kidney cells using quantitative proteomics, western blotting and complex reconstitution assays. We finally demonstrated ANKRD9's role of recognizing substrates for ubiquitination using in vitro ubiquitylation assay...
October 2018: Biochimica et biophysica acta. Molecular basis of disease
Mohammad Irfan Khan, Md Azizur Rahman, Mohammad Khalid, Mohammad Khushtar, Md Mujahid
Berberis aristata is used for the treatment of diabetes, piles, and liver diseases. As the drug is broadly used in Indigenous systems of medicine, it was designed to set the quality standards and antimicrobial potential for the stem bark of Berberis aristata. Botanical, physicochemical, pharmacotoxicological, fluorescence, microbial load, and phytochemical parameters of the stem bark were determined. High-performance thin-layer chromatography (HPTLC) was carried out by the CAMAG-HPTLC system. Berberine, total phenolics, and flavonoids were estimated...
October 5, 2018: Journal of Dietary Supplements
Daehyeon Kim, Kyemoon Baek, Kyungho Park
This study aims to improve shafts with hexagonal joints so that they will not require welding or bolts in static load tests. In order to evaluate the bearing capacity of helical piles, two sites were selected to conduct pile installation for the field test and the pile load test. For the pile load test, a static pile load test and a dynamic pile load test were carried out, and torque was measured during pile installation in a field test to compare and analyze the expected bearing capacity and thus assess the feasibility of the method for estimating the bearing capacity...
October 2, 2018: Materials
Huiyong Yu, Beitao Xie, Rayyan Khan, Guoming Shen
In this article, the changes in carbon, nitrogen components, and humic substances during organic-inorganic aerobic co-composting, with adding biochar as an additive or not, were studied. Results showed that adding a certain amount of inorganic fertilizers had no adverse effects on the compost fermentation process. Biochar enhanced the temperature, pH, oxygen content in the compost piles and ultimately hastened the fermentation process. Biochar contributed to the decomposition of hemicellulose, cellulose, lignin and promoted compost humification...
September 18, 2018: Bioresource Technology
Mohammad H Yarmohammadian, Patricia Davidson, Chao Hsing Yeh
INTRODUCTION: Sabbaticals were first offered by Harvard University in the late 17th century to provide "renewal" for faculty members. In this period of career development, a professor might learn new techniques, expand a research program, or finish off that book or pile of languishing manuscripts. This article tried to organize lived experiences of a visiting scholar from Isfahan University of Medical Sciences to Johns Hopkins University. The research aimed to study the context and conditions of the sabbatical in an alternative academic setting...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
Kyuya Nakagawa, Shinri Tamiya, Shu Sakamoto, Gabsoo Do, Shinji Kono
In-situ X-ray computed tomography (CT) was used to observe microstructure formations during freeze-drying of a dextrin solution. A specially designed freeze-drying stage was equipped at the X-ray CT stage. Frozen and dried microstructures were successfully observed. The CT images of the frozen solution clarified the ice crystal size increase and obvious boundary formation between the ice and freeze-concentrated phases upon performing post-freezing annealing at -5°C. These structural modifications emerged owing to Ostwald ripening and glassy phase relaxation...
2018: Frontiers in Chemistry
Xinyu Su, Yiqi Xue, Jingsun Wei, Xinying Huo, Yang Gong, Honghong Zhang, Rongbo Han, Yuetong Chen, Hong Chen, Jinfei Chen
Signet ring cell gastric cancer (SRCGC) is a special type of gastric cancer with rapid progression and poor prognosis. However, few available SRCGC cell lines from Chinese patients can be used for research, the molecular mechanism of its growth and metastasis is still incompletely understood. In this study, we established and characterized a novel SRCGC cell line, gc-006-03.The cells showed a tendency to pile up without contact inhibition. G-band karyotypes of gc-006-03 were revealed hypotriploid with a modal chromosome number of 51...
2018: Journal of Cancer
María Velasco-Galilea, Miriam Piles, Marc Viñas, Oriol Rafel, Olga González-Rodríguez, Miriam Guivernau, Juan P Sánchez
To gain insight into the importance of carefully selecting the sampling area for intestinal microbiota studies, cecal and fecal microbial communities of Caldes meat rabbit were characterized. The animals involved in the study were divided in two groups according to the feed intake level they received during the fattening period; ad libitum ( n = 10) or restricted to 75% of ad libitum intake ( n = 11). Cecum and internal hard feces were sampled from sacrificed animals. Assessment of bacterial and archaeal populations was performed by means of Illumina sequencing of 16S rRNA gene amplicons in a MiSeq platform...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Haroon Khan, Marya, Tarun Belwal, Mohd Tariq, Atanas G Atanasov, Hari Prasad Devkota
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The genus Vanda (Family: Orchidaceae) comprises about 73 species mainly distributed in Southeast Asia. Plants belonging to this genus are being used in the traditional medicine systems in Asian countries specially in India, Nepal, China and Bangladesh. AIM OF THE REVIEW: The aim of this work was to review the scientific work about medicinal orchids of the genus Vanda regarding their traditional uses, reported bioactive components, and pharmacological activities...
September 27, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Claude Piguet, Bahman Golesorkhi, Homayoun Nozary, Laure Guénée, Alexandre Fürstenberg
Up to now, the piling up of successive photons of low energies (near-infrared = NIR) using a single lanthanide center and linear optics in order to ultimately produce upconverted visible emission was restricted to low-phonon solid materials and nanoparticles. We show here that the tight helical wrapping of three terdentate N-donor ligands around a single nine-coordinate trivalent erbium cation provides favorable conditions for a mononuclear molecular complex to exhibit unprecedented related upconverted emission...
September 28, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
Stephen C Lisk, Victoria Pile, Simone P W Haller, Veena Kumari, Jennifer Y F Lau
Research studies applying cognitive bias modification of attention (CBM-A) and interpretations (CBM-I) training to reduce adolescent anxiety by targeting associated cognitive biases have found mixed results. This study presents a new multi-session, combined bias CBM package, which uses a mix of training techniques and stimuli to enhance user-engagement. We present preliminary data on its viability, acceptability and effectiveness on reducing symptoms and biases using an A-B case series design. 19 adolescents with elevated social anxiety reported on their social anxiety, real-life social behaviours, general anxiety, depression, and cognitive biases at pre/post time-points during a 2-week baseline phase and a 2-week intervention phase...
2018: Cognitive Therapy and Research
Xuexia Ma, Zhaoyan Wang, Qian Wang, Yinxiang Yang, Zuo Luan
Objective To explore the optimal frozen section thickness of neurospheres for immunofluorescence cytochemical staining. Methods We selected the neurospheres of 10-12-day suspension culture to make frozen sections of varying thickness: 4, 7 and 10 μm, and then performed immunofluorescent staining to compare the expression and location of nestin. Results The diameters of the neurospheres cultured for 10-12 days were among 200-250 μm. The neurospheres were in a good condition and had a strong refractivity. The cells were spherical in shape, with burrs in the peripheral area...
June 2018: Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology
Shalean M Collins, Patrick Mbullo Owuor, Joshua D Miller, Godfred O Boateng, Pauline Wekesa, Maricianah Onono, Sera L Young
There is rapidly evolving literature on water insecurity in the general adult population, but the role of water insecurity during the vulnerable periods of pregnancy and postpartum, or in the context of HIV, has been largely overlooked. Therefore, we conducted an exploratory study, using Go Along interviews, photo-elicitation interviews, and pile sorts with 40 pregnant and postpartum Kenyan women living in an area of high HIV prevalence. We sought to (1) describe their lived experiences of water acquisition, prioritisation, and use and (2) explore the consequences of water insecurity...
September 20, 2018: Global Public Health
Julie Ruel-Bergeron, Kristen Hurley, Nandita Kapadia-Kundu, Rachel Oemcke, Ephraim Chirwa, Mutinta Hambayi, Nancy Aburto, Parul Christian
Childhood stunting holds consequences for child development. A nutrition program delivering small-quantity lipid based nutrient supplements (SQ-LNS) to children 6-23 months and child feeding messages was implemented in Malawi to reduce stunting. This study sought to understand the facilitators and barriers to program participation using in-depth interviews, pile sorts, direct observations, and focus group discussions with caretakers, village leaders and program volunteers. Perceptions of the LNS were positive, and visible changes in child health contributed to program participation...
September 19, 2018: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
Dayanand Sharma, Kunwar D Yadav, Sunil Kumar
Flower waste (FW) is disposed off in the rivers or mixed with solid waste for landfilling that pollutes the environment and causes harmful effects on human health and aquatic life. It is rich in nutrient content and easily converted into the compost. Therefore, the objective of the present research was to optimize the combinations of flower waste and cow dung during agitated pile composting using response surface methodology. Thirteen different agitated piles were used for composting using the central composite design...
September 8, 2018: Bioresource Technology
Roy Nir Lieberman, Yaniv Knop, Xavier Querol, Natalia Moreno, Carmen Muñoz-Quirós, Yitzhak Mastai, Yaakov Anker, Haim Cohen
The Israeli quarry industry produces 57 Mt of raw material and ∼4-6Mt of associated sub-economical by-products annually. These sub-economical quarry fines are not used because production and transportation costs considerably exceed their retail value. Therefore these by-products, are stored in large piles of fine grain size particles, create environmental risks to their surrondings. This paper evaluates the possibility of mixing the sub-economical quarry by-products of two Israeli quarries with sub-economical Class F coal fly ash (<20wt...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Hazardous Materials
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