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activator protein 1 melanin

Rakotomalala Manda Heriniaina, Jing Dong, Praveen Kumar Kalavagunta, Hua-Li Wu, Dong-Sheng Yan, Jing Shang
Several chemical compounds can restore pigmentation in vitiligo through mechanisms that vary according to disease etiology. In the present study, we investigated the melanogenic activity of six structurally distinct compounds, namely, scopoletin, kaempferol, chrysin, vitamin D3 , piperine, and 6-benzylaminopurine. We determined their effectiveness, toxicity, and mechanism of action for stimulating pigmentation in B16F10 melanoma cells and in a zebrafish model. The melanogenic activity of 6-benzylaminopurine, the compound identified as the most potent, was further verified by measuring green fluorescent protein concentration in tyrp1 a: eGFP (tyrosinase-related protein 1) zebrafish and mitfa: eGFP (microphthalmia associated transcription factor) zebrafish and antioxidative activity...
October 2018: Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines
Taek-In Oh, Hye-Jeong Jung, Yoon-Mi Lee, Sujin Lee, Geon-Hee Kim, Sang-Yeon Kan, Hyeji Kang, Taerim Oh, Hyun Myung Ko, Keun-Chang Kwak, Ji-Hong Lim
Zerumbone (ZER), an active constituent of the Zingiberaceae family, has been shown to exhibit several biological activities, such as anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic, anti-microbial, and anti-cancer; however, it has not been studied for anti-melanogenic properties. In the present study, we demonstrate that ZER and Zingiber officinale (ZO) extract significantly attenuate melanin accumulation in α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-MSH)-stimulated mouse melanogenic B16F10 cells. Further, to elucidate the molecular mechanism by which ZER suppresses melanin accumulation, we analyzed the expression of melanogenesis-associated transcription factor, microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF), and its target genes, such as tyrosinase , tyrosinase-related protein 1 ( TYRP1 ), and tyrosinase-related protein 2 ( TYRP2 ), in B16F10 cells that are stimulated by α-MSH...
October 13, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Hong Xu Li, Jung Up Park, Xiang Dong Su, Kyung Tae Kim, Jong Seong Kang, Young Ran Kim, Young Ho Kim, Seo Young Yang
The individual parts of Morus alba L. including root bark, branches, leaves, and fruits are used as a cosmetic ingredient in many Asian countries. This study identified several anti-melanogenesis constituents in a 70% ethanol extract of M. alba leaves. The ethyl acetate fraction of the initial ethanol extract decreased the activity of tyrosinase, a key enzyme in the synthetic pathway of melanin. Twelve compounds were isolated from this fraction and their structures were identified based on spectroscopic spectra...
October 8, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Jiachan Zhang, Changtao Wang, Chengtao Wang, Baoguo Sun, Cai Qi
The hydroalcoholic extract of sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L.) seed residues (HYD-SBSR) is a potential skin whitening agent. To test this material as a potential skin whitening agent, we identified and quantified the main chemical constituents of HYD-SBSR by using ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadruple time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-QTOF-MS/MS) and ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled with triple quadruple mass spectrometry (UPLC-QQQ-MS). The anti-melanogenesis properties of HYD-SBSR on B16F10 mouse melanoma cells were analysed and the mechanism was measured on both the transcriptional and translational levels...
October 17, 2018: Food & Function
Nuramina Mamat, Xue Ying Lu, Maidina Kabas, Haji Akber Aisa
Vitiligo is a depigmentation disorder of the skin. It is primarily caused by the destruction of melanocytes or obstruction of the melanin synthesis pathway. Melanin is a type of skin pigment that determines skin color. The seeds of Vernonia anthelmintica (L.) Willd (Kaliziri) are used for treating skin diseases including vitiligo in traditional Uyghur medicine. 1,5‑Dicaffeoylquinic acid (1,5‑diCQA) is a natural polyphenolic compound widely distributed in plants and extracted from Kaliziri seeds. Therefore, in the present study, the effect of 1,5‑diCQA on melanin synthesis in B16 cell was evaluated, and its molecular mechanism was explored...
November 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Md Badrul Alam, Arif Ahmed, Md Abdul Motin, Sunghwan Kim, Sang-Han Lee
Medicinal plants have been used to treat diseases from time immemorial. We aimed to examine the efficacy of the ethyl acetate fraction of Nymphaea nouchali flower extract (NNFE) against melanogenesis process, and the underlying mechanisms in vitro and in vivo. Paper spray ionisation mass spectroscopy and (+) mode electrospray ionisation revealed the presence of seven flavonoids, two spermidine alkaloids, 3,4,8,9,10-pentahydroxy-dibenzo[b,d]pyran-6-one, and shoyuflavone C in NNFE. NNFE (100 µg/mL) significantly inhibited the monophenolase and diphenolase activities of mushroom tyrosinase at 94...
September 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
Sa-Haeng Kang, Yong-Deok Jeon, Ji-Yoon Cha, Sung-Woo Hwang, Hoon-Yeon Lee, Min Park, Bo-Ri Lee, Min-Kyoung Shin, Su-Jeong Kim, Sang-Min Shin, Dae-Ki Kim, Jong-Sik Jin, Young-Mi Lee
BACKGROUND: Euphorbia supina (ES) has been widely used in folk medicine owing to its antibacterial, hemostatic, and anti-inflammatory properties. The aim of this study was to evaluate the antioxidant and skin-whitening effects of a 70% ethanol extract of ES. METHODS: The aerial parts of ES plant were extracted with 70% ethanol. The viability of B16F10 cells was evaluated by MTT assay to determine the non-toxic doses for further experiments. The tyrosinase and cellular tyrosinase activities were then measured using an enzyme-substrate assay...
September 17, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
S Almeida Scalvino, A Chapelle, N Hajem, E Lati, P Gasser, J-C Choulot, L Michel, M Hocquaux, E Loing, J Attia, J Wdzieczak-Bakala
OBJECTIVE: Hair greying (i.e., canities) is a component of chronological ageing and occurs regardless of gender or ethnicity. Canities is directly linked to the loss of melanin and increase in oxidative stress in the hair follicle and shaft. To promote hair pigmentation and reduce the hair greying process, an agonist of α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-MSH), a biomimetic peptide (palmitoyl tetrapeptide-20; PTP20) was developed. The aim of this study was to describe the effects of the designed peptide on hair greying...
October 2018: International Journal of Cosmetic Science
C-S Lee, G-B Nam, J-S Park
Ginsenosides are major active components of ginseng, and have diverse pharmacological properties in traditional medicine. Recent reports have shown that ginsenosides modify skin physiology and mitigate skin disorders such as photoageing and hyperpigmentation. We evaluated the antimelanogenic efficacy of protopanaxatriol, a major category of ginsenosides, as a depigmenting agent. Protopanaxatriol significantly reduced intracellular and extracellular melanin content in a concentration-dependent manner in B16 melanoma cells treated with α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone...
September 8, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
Elizabeth A Mazzio, Karam F A Soliman
BACKGROUND: Malignant melanoma cells can rapidly acquire phenotypic properties making them resistant to radiation and mainline chemotherapies such as decarbonize or kinase inhibitors that target RAS-proto-oncogene independent auto-activated mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK)/through dual specificity mitogen-activated protein kinase (MEK). Both drug resistance and inherent transition from melanocytic nevi to malignant melanoma involve the overexpression of histone deacetylases (HDACs) and a B-Raf proto-oncogene (BRAF) mutation...
September 2018: Cancer Genomics & Proteomics
Zheng-Nan Cai, Wan Li, Shomaila Mehmood, Wen-Juan Pan, Qing-Xi Wu, Yan Chen, Yong-Ming Lu
Polysaccharides from Morchella esculenta are known to exhibit diverse bioactivities, while an anti-melanogenesis effect has been barely addressed. Herein, the anti-melanogenesis activity of a heteropolysaccharide from M. esculenta (FMP-1) was investigated in vitro and in vivo. FMP-1 had no significant cytotoxic effect on B16F10 melanoma cells as well as zebrafish larvae, but did reduce melanin contents and tyrosinase activities in both of them. Treatment with FMP-1 also effectively suppressed the expression of melanogenesis-related proteins, including MC1R, MITF, TRP-1 and TRP-2, through decreasing the phosphorylation of cyclic adenosine monophosphate response element-binding protein (CREB)...
September 19, 2018: Food & Function
Hae-Young Kim, Shyam Kishor Sah, Sung S Choi, Tae-Yoon Kim
AIMS: Several anti-melanogenic molecules have been developed or identified, but their uses are limited due to either adverse effects or instability during the treatment. We aimed to evaluate the effects of extracellular superoxide dismutase (SOD3), a powerful antioxidant, as a candidate anti-melanogenic molecule. MAIN METHODS: UVB-induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and proliferation in melan-a cells was evaluated by 6-carboxy-2',7'-dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate staining and bromodeoxyuridine incorporation assay, respectively...
October 1, 2018: Life Sciences
Yunfeng Zheng, Huaiyou Wang, Min Yang, Guoping Peng, Tina Ting Xia Dong, Miranda Li Xu, Karl Wah Keung Tsim
Roots of Glycyrrhiza uralensis have been used as herbal medicine and natural sweetener. By activity-guided phytochemical investigation of the extracts from G.uralensis root, ten flavonoids, namely GF-1⁻GF-10, of which five were prenylated flavonoids, were found to show antiproliferative effects in melanoma B16-F10 cells. Three of the prenylated flavonoids, namely GF-1, GF-4 and GF-9, significantly induced the differentiation of B16-F10 cells; the inductions included increase of tyrosinase activity, tyrosinase protein, and melanin content...
August 16, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Ji Won Lim, Ji Hoon Ha, Yoon Ju Jeong, Soo Nam Park
BACKGROUND: In mammals, UV radiation induces melanin synthesis in melanocyte for protecting their skin through the stimulation of α-melanocyte stimulating hormone (α-MSH) from keratinocytes. In this study, the inhibitory effects of dehydroglyasperin C (DGC), an useful component of Glycyrrhiza uralensis (G. uralensis), was investigated on melanogenesis induced by α-melanocyte stimulating hormone (α-MSH) and its mechanisms. METHODS: Melanogenesis suppression effect of DGC on α-MSH induced B16F1 melanoma cells...
October 2018: Pharmacological Reports: PR
Guey-Horng Wang, Yi-Min Lin, Jong-Tar Kuo, Chia-Pei Lin, Chin-Feng Chang, Min-Chi Hsieh, Chiu-Yu Cheng, Ying-Chien Chung
Asparagus cochinchinensis root (ACR) is used in traditional Chinese medicine. In this study, ACR was first extracted with 25% ethyl acetate (EA) and then fermented by Aspergillus oryzae to enhance its antioxidant activity and evaluate its potential antityrosinase activity. The physiological activity and cytotoxicity of A. oryzae-fermented ACR extract, along with its antityrosinase activity and effects on melanogenic factor levels in human epidermal melanocytes (HEMs), were analyzed and compared with those of the unfermented extract...
August 7, 2018: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
Jongsung Lee, Jun Ji, See-Hyoung Park
To develop the ingredient with the cosmeceutical function, the antiwrinkle and antimelanogenesis effects of the ethanol extract of Lespedeza cuneata G. Don were investigated. DPPH radical scavenging activity was significantly increased with the extract of L. cuneata G. Don. Cell viability on CCD986Sk human fibroblast was also increased by the ethanol extract of L. cuneata G. Don. The inhibitory function of the extract of L. cuneata G. Don on collagenase, elastase, and tyrosinase was evaluated. Protein expression level of Claudin-1, Occludin, and ZO-1 was up-regulated in HaCaT human keratinocyte by the extract of L...
July 2018: Food Science & Nutrition
Patcharin Thammasit, Anupon Iadnut, Ketsaya Mamoon, Supakit Khacha-Ananda, Koollawat Chupradit, Chatchai Tayapiwatana, Watchara Kasinrerk, Yingmanee Tragoolpua, Khajornsak Tragoolpua
The present study was conducted to investigate the effects of a natural product from honeybees, named propolis, against Cryptococcus neoformans and its effect in the expression of putative virulence factors, such as capsular polysaccharides, melanin production and urease enzyme. Ethanol extract propolis (EEP) was first tested for its anti-cryptococcal activity and explored its impact on virulence factors in both phenotypes and enzyme activities. Moreover, the cryptococcal virulence genes were investigated using real time RT-PCR...
October 2018: Microbial Pathogenesis
Dileep Kumar, Hafeez Rahman, Ethika Tyagi, Tong Liu, Chelsea Li, Ran Lu, David Lum, Sheri L Holmen, J Alan Maschek, James E Cox, Matthew W VanBrocklin, Douglas Grossman
There are conflicting epidemiologic data on whether chronic aspirin (ASA) use may reduce melanoma risk in humans. Potential anticancer effects of ASA may be mediated by its ability to suppress prostaglandin E2 (PGE2 ) production and activate 5'-adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK). We investigated the inhibitory effects of ASA in a panel of melanoma and transformed melanocyte cell lines, and on tumor growth in a preclinical model. ASA and the COX-2 inhibitor celecoxib did not affect melanoma cell viability, but significantly reduced colony formation, cell motility, and pigmentation (melanin production) in vitro at concentrations of 1 mmol/L and 20 μmol/L, respectively...
October 2018: Cancer Prevention Research
Jeong-Ook Lee, Eunji Kim, Ji Hye Kim, Yo Han Hong, Han Gyung Kim, Deok Jeong, Juewon Kim, Su Hwan Kim, Chanwoong Park, Dae Bang Seo, Young-Jin Son, Sang Yun Han, Jae Youl Cho
Background: The antioxidant effects of Panax ginseng have been reported in several articles; however, little is known about the antimelanogenesis effect, skin-protective effect, and cellular mechanism of Panax ginseng , especially of P. ginseng calyx. To understand how an ethanol extract of P. ginseng berry calyx (Pg-C-EE) exerts skin-protective effects, we studied its activities in activated melanocytes and reactive oxygen species (ROS)-induced keratinocytes. Methods: To confirm the antimelanogenesis effect of Pg-C-EE, we analyzed melanin synthesis and secretion and messenger RNA and protein expression levels of related genes...
July 2018: Journal of Ginseng Research
Cécile Philippe, Markus Zeilinger, Monika Dumanic, Florian Pichler, Lukas Fetty, Chrysoula Vraka, Theresa Balber, Wolfgang Wadsak, Katharina Pallitsch, Helmut Spreitzer, Rupert Lanzenberger, Marcus Hacker, Markus Mitterhauser
PURPOSE: The melanin-concentrating hormone receptor 1 (MCHR1) has become an important pharmacological target, since it may be involved in various diseases, such as diabetes, insulin resistance, and obesity. Hence, a suitable positron emission tomography radiotracer for the in vivo assessment of the MCHR1 pharmacology is imperative. The current paper contrasts the extensive in vitro, in vivo, and ex vivo assessments of the radiotracers [18 F]FE@SNAP and [11 C]SNAP-7941 and provides comprehensive information about their biological and physicochemical properties...
June 13, 2018: Molecular Imaging and Biology: MIB: the Official Publication of the Academy of Molecular Imaging
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