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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551688/nutrition-of-infants-and-young-children-in-poland-pitnuts-2016
#1
Halina Weker, Marta Barańska, Agnieszka Riahi, Małgorzata Strucińska, Małgorzata Więch, Grażyna Rowicka, Hanna Dyląg, Witold Klemarczyk, Agnieszka Bzikowska, Piotr Socha
The study evaluating the feeding practices and the nutritional status of children aged 5 to 36 months in a general, Polish, representative population (n=1059) was carried out from May to July 2016. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feeding practices in children aged 5 to 36 months with regard to models of safe nutrition on the basis of the outcome of the population study performed in 2016. The data obtained show that the feeding practices in children in their first year of life do not meet the guidelines presented in the model of safe nutrition, particularly in matters of timing of complementary feeding introduction and food choice...
2017: Developmental Period Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551193/drivers-of-choice-for-fluid-milk-versus-plant-based-alternatives-what-are-consumer-perceptions-of-fluid-milk
#2
K S McCarthy, M Parker, A Ameerally, S L Drake, M A Drake
Fluid milk consumption has declined for decades while consumption of nondairy alternatives has increased. A better understanding of why consumers purchase fluid milk or nondairy alternatives is needed to assist increased sales of milk or maintain sales without further decline. The objective of this study was to determine the extrinsic attributes that drive purchase within each product category. The second objective was to determine the personal values behind the purchase of each beverage type to give further understanding why particular attributes are important...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551044/a-deficiency-of-nutrition-education-and-practice-in-cardiology
#3
Stephen Devries, Arthur Agatston, Monica Aggarwal, Karen E Aspry, Caldwell B Esselstyn, Penny Kris-Etherton, Michael Miller, James H O'Keefe, Emilio Ros, Anne K Rzeszut, Beth A White, Kim A Williams, Andrew M Freeman
PURPOSE: Nutrition is one of the foundations of cardiovascular guidelines for risk reduction and treatment. However, little is known about whether cardiologists, cardiology fellows-in-training, and cardiovascular team members have the nutrition education and knowledge necessary to implement these guidelines. The aim of this study was to describe the educational experiences, attitudes, and practices relating to nutrition among cardiovascular professionals. METHODS: Surveys completed by cardiologists, fellows-in-training, and cardiovascular team members inquired about their personal dietary habits, history of nutrition education, and attitudes regarding nutrition interventions...
May 24, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549487/changes-in-waist-circumference-and-abdominal-obesity-among-chinese-adults-over-a-ten-year-period
#4
Yi Zhai, Hong Yun Fang, Wen Tao Yu, Dong Mei Yu, Li Yun Zhao, Xiao Feng Liang, Wen Hua Zhao
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe changes in waist circumference (WC) and prevalence of abdominal obesity over a period of 10 years among Chinese adults in different socio-economic status (SES). METHODS: Data derived from the China Nutrition and Health Surveillance during 2002 and 2010-2012. We calculated the mean WC and the prevalence of abdominal obesity by gender, place of residence, SES indicators (education, income, and marital status), and body mass index (BMI) categoriesand used pooled t-tests to assess the differences between the two time periods...
May 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549442/characteristics-of-hardcore-smokers-in-south-korea-from-2007-to-2013
#5
EunKyo Kang, Jung A Lee, Hong-Jun Cho
BACKGROUND: As the prevalence of smoking decreased in western countries, a significant proportion of smokers appeared to be particularly resistant to quitting- "hardcore" smokers. This study examines the characteristics of hardcore smokers in South Korea. METHODS: We used the data from 2007 to 2013 from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Hardcore smoking was defined as (1) smoking >15 cigarettes per day, (2) having no plans of quitting, and (3) having made no attempts to quit...
May 26, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547854/nucleus-accumbens-functional-connectivity-at-age-20-is-associated-with-trajectory-of-adolescent-cannabis-use-and-predicts-psychosocial-functioning-in-young-adulthood
#6
Sarah D Lichenstein, Samuel Musselman, Daniel S Shaw, Stephanie Sitnick, Erika E Forbes
AIMS: To identify trajectories of cannabis use across adolescence, 2) to measure the influence of cannabis use characteristics on functional connectivity of the nucleus accumbens (NAcc), and 3) to assess whether patterns of functional connectivity related to cannabis use are associated with psychosocial functioning 2 years later. DESIGN: The Pitt Mother & Child Project (PMCP) is a prospective, longitudinal study of male youth at high risk for psychopathology based on family income and gender...
May 26, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545533/food-beliefs-and-practices-among-the-kalenjin-pregnant-women-in-rural-uasin-gishu-county-kenya
#7
Roselyter Monchari Riang'a, Jacqueline Broerse, Anne Kisaka Nangulu
BACKGROUND: Understanding food beliefs and practices is critical to the development of dietary recommendations, nutritional programmes, and educational messages. This study aimed to understand the pregnancy food beliefs and practices and the underlying reasons for these among the contemporary rural Kalenjin communities of Uasin Gishu County, Kenya. METHODS: Through semi-structured interviews, data was collected from 154 pregnant and post-natal Kalenjin women about restricted and recommended foods, and why they are restricted or recommended during pregnancy...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545093/ending-preventable-maternal-and-child-deaths-in-western-nigeria-do-women-utilize-the-life-lines
#8
Titilayo Olaitan, Ifeoma P Okafor, Adebayo T Onajole, Olayinka A Abosede
INTRODUCTION: Nigeria which constitutes just one percent of the world population, accounts for 13% of the world maternal and under-five mortality. Utilization of health care services has been an important determinant of maternal and child outcomes. The vast majority of maternal and child deaths could be prevented if women utilize the available life lines. The study objective was to determine utilization of maternal and child health care services among women of child bearing age in Western Nigeria...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542557/sex-differences-in-hypertension-prevalence-and-control-analysis-of-the-2010-2014-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#9
Hayon Michelle Choi, Hyeon Chang Kim, Dae Ryong Kang
Although not fully understood, sex may affect both the prevalence and control rate of hypertension. The present study was designed to investigate factors associated with hypertension prevalence and control among Korean adults. We analyzed 27,887 individuals (12,089 males and 15,798 females) aged 30 years or older who participated in the fifth (2010-2012) and sixth (2013-2014) Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Multiple logistic regression models were applied to delineate factors associated with the prevalence and control of hypertension separately for men and women...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542317/systematic-review-of-dietary-salt-reduction-policies-evidence-for-an-effectiveness-hierarchy
#10
Lirije Hyseni, Alex Elliot-Green, Ffion Lloyd-Williams, Chris Kypridemos, Martin O'Flaherty, Rory McGill, Lois Orton, Helen Bromley, Francesco P Cappuccio, Simon Capewell
BACKGROUND: Non-communicable disease (NCD) prevention strategies now prioritise four major risk factors: food, tobacco, alcohol and physical activity. Dietary salt intake remains much higher than recommended, increasing blood pressure, cardiovascular disease and stomach cancer. Substantial reductions in salt intake are therefore urgently needed. However, the debate continues about the most effective approaches. To inform future prevention programmes, we systematically reviewed the evidence on the effectiveness of possible salt reduction interventions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541435/lessons-from-singapore-s-national-weight-management-program-lose-to-win
#11
Kathryn Vasquez, Rahul Malhotra, Truls Østbye, Wilson Low, Mei Fen Chan, Ling Chew, Annie Ling
The prevalence of overweight and obesity in Singapore is lower than in most countries, but it is increasing. There is evidence health complications may appear at lower weights among Asians. We describe the evolution of a national weight management program [Lose To Win (LTW)] organized by the Singapore Health Promotion Board from 2009 to 2013. LTW is a 12-week program comprising nutrition education, physical activity and mental wellbeing sessions and interim assessments. Individuals aged 18-69 years with a body mass index (BMI) between 23 and 37...
May 24, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540345/barriers-and-facilitators-to-intake-of-dairy-products-in-adolescent-males-and-females-with-different-levels-of-habitual-intake
#12
Megan Racey, Jeanette Bransfield, Kathryn Capello, David Field, Verena Kulak, David Machmueller, Michèle Preyde, Genevieve Newton
Background: Dairy products and alternatives can contribute to overall good health including positive body composition and decreased adiposity; however, these foods are grossly underconsumed by youth, and worldwide, almost 25% of children are overweight or obese. Objective: The study investigated the barriers and facilitators toward dairy consumption by Grade 7 youth. Methods: Thirty 50-minute, audio-recorded focus groups were conducted with 134 students in eight Grade 7 classes across 5 elementary schools. Focus groups were led by trained facilitators in the elementary schools and participants were separated based on dairy consumption and gender...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539674/nutrition-label-experience-and-consumption-of-transitional-foods-among-a-nationwide-cohort-of-42-750-thai-adults
#13
Wimalin Rimpeekool, Martyn Kirk, Vasoontara Yiengprugsawan, Cathy Banwell, Sam-Ang Seubsman, Adrian Sleigh
PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to assess the usefulness of nutrition labels in Thailand during nutrition transition from traditional to modern diets that increase salt, sugar, and calorie intake and to note socio-demographic interactions and associations with consumption of transitional processed foods. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: The authors studied 42,750 distance learning Open University adults aged 23-96 years in 2013 residing nationwide and participating in an ongoing community-based prospective cohort study...
2017: Br Food J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538941/-nutritional-status-of-schoolchildren-of-the-national-child-and-youth-education-teaching-network-of-the-social-service-of-commerce-sesc-brazil-2012
#14
Luiz Antonio Dos Anjos, Willian Dimas Bezerra da Silveira
The objective of this study was to identify and describe the growth and nutritional anthropometric profile of children enrolled in the Sesc National Network of Elementary Education. It is a cross-sectional study conducted among 20,113 students (9,992 girls) from 83 schools aged from 3 to 17. Nutritional status was determined using the body mass index for age and stature for age according to the WHO criteria. Stunting was observed in only 1.6% (girls) and 1.3% (boys). Overweight + obesity was observed in 29...
May 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538843/-measurement-of-physical-activity-by-triaxial-accelerometers-n-schoolchildren-from-three-peruvian-cities
#15
Katherine Alvis-Chirinos, Lucio Huamán-Espino, Jenny Pillaca, Juan Pablo Aparco
Objectives.: To determine the proportion of primary school students who fulfill the World Health Organization (WHO)recommendations on physical activity and the factors associated with less time of moderate-intense physical activity in urban areas of three cities in Peru. Materials and methods.: Cross-sectional study with a random selection of schoolchildren aged 6 to 13 from public educational institutions in urban areas of Chiclayo, Huaraz and Tarapoto. In order to measure the time and intensity of physical activity, schoolchildren were given an accelerometer for a week...
January 2017: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537514/novel-family-centered-intervention-to-improve-nutrition-in-patients-recovering-from-critical-illness-a-feasibility-study
#16
Andrea P Marshall, Margot Lemieux, Rupinder Dhaliwal, Hilda Seyler, Kristen N MacEachern, Daren K Heyland
BACKGROUND: Critically ill patients are at increased risk of developing malnutrition-related complications because of physiological changes, suboptimal delivery, and reduced intake. Strategies to improve nutrition during critical illness recovery are required to prevent iatrogenic underfeeding and risk of malnutrition. The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility and acceptability of a novel family-centered intervention to improve nutrition in critically ill patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 3-phase, prospective cohort feasibility study was conducted in 4 intensive care units (ICUs) across 2 countries...
June 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537322/trajectories-of-nutritional-risk-the-manitoba-follow-up-study
#17
C O Lengyel, D Jiang, R B Tate
OBJECTIVES: To identify patterns of nutritional risk among older men over a four-year period and to project their survival rates over the next two and a half years. DESIGN: A prospective longitudinal study. SETTING: Canada. PARTICIPANTS: Three hundred and thirty-six male survivors of the Manitoba Follow-up Study (MFUS) cohort with an average age of 90 years in 2011. MEASUREMENTS: Four years of nutritional risk SCREEN II scores (five waves) from the male survivors of the MFUS cohort...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537130/qualitative-assessment-of-key-messages-about-nutrition-and-weight-gain-in-pregnancy-in-printed-educational-materials-in-alberta
#18
Laura Forbes, Janis Baarda, Maria Mayan, Rhonda C Bell
Printed educational materials are a common source of health information, although their effectiveness in improving women's knowledge or self-care in pregnancy has been questioned. This study describes the information in printed educational materials that address healthy eating during pregnancy and gestational weight gain (GWG) that are currently used in Alberta, Canada. Content of 6 resources was analyzed using a constant comparison qualitative approach. Resources emphasized healthy eating, prenatal supplements, folate supplementation, and healthy weight gain...
May 24, 2017: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535828/gaps-in-international-nutrition-and-child-feeding-guidelines-a-look-at-the-nutrition-and-young-child-feeding-education-of-ghanaian-nurses
#19
Jennie N Davis, Helen Brown, Samantha A Ramsay
OBJECTIVE: To examine the nutrition and young child feeding (YCF) education and training of nurses in public health clinics of Ghana's Komenda-Edina-Eguafo-Abrem region (KEEA) in relation to global health guidelines, and how nurses served as educators for caregivers with children aged 0-5 years. DESIGN: A qualitative study of semi-structured one-on-one and group interviews (n 21) following a questionnaire of closed- and open-ended questions addressing child feeding, nutrition and global health recommendations...
May 24, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534323/-era-of-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-and-robotic-gastric-cancer-surgery
#20
Yanbing Zhou
Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) has been rapidly developing by combining several techniques with evidence-based adjustments, including preoperative education, preoperative carbohydrate loading, epidural or regional anesthesia, early initiation of enteral nutrition, ambulation and multi-modal pain management. The core part of ERAS is to reduce and reverse surgical stress and therefore greatly improve clinical outcome. Under the guidance of ERAS, perioperative management of robotic gastric cancer operation should follow the basic principles of ERAS and clinical pathway to maximize the advantages of the robotic surgery...
May 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
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