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miR-181a

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911586/mirna-181a-b-regulates-phenotypes-of-vessel-smooth-muscle-cells-through-serum-response-factor
#1
Xiaoxing Wei, Xue Hou, Jianhua Li, Yongnian Liu
The phenotypic modulation of vessel smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) plays a crucial role in the physiological and pathological conditions of vasculature in response to local environmental changes. The phenotypic transition of VSMCs is largely modulated by the serum response factor (SRF). MiR-181a and miR-181b are members of the well-studied miR-181 family and both have complementary sequence in the 3' untranslated region (UTR) of SRF gene. In this article, evidence insinuates that miR-181a/b was involved in VSMCs differentiation through upregulating synthetic marker genes and downregulating contractile ones, respectively...
December 2, 2016: DNA and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909056/interferons-induce-expression-of-samhd1-in-monocytes-through-downregulation-of-mir-181a-and-mir-30a
#2
Maximilan Riess, Nina V Fuchs, Adam Idica, Matthias Hamdorf, Egbert Flory, Irene Munk Pedersen, Renate König
SAMHD1 is a phosphohydrolase maintaining cellular dNTP homeostasis but also acts as a critical regulator in innate immune responses due to its antiviral activity and association with autoimmune disease leading to aberrant activation of interferon. SAMHD1 expression is differentially regulated by interferon in certain primary cells, but the underlying mechanism is not understood. Here, we report a detailed characterization of the promotor region, the 5' and 3' untranslated region (UTR) of SAMHD1, and the mechanism responsible for the cell-type dependent upregulation of SAMHD1 protein by interferon...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895662/muscle-enriched-micrornas-isolated-from-whole-blood-are-regulated-by-exercise-and-are-potential-biomarkers-of-cardiorespiratory-fitness
#3
Joshua Denham, Priscilla R Prestes
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNA molecules that regulate gene expression post-transcriptionally. Evidence indicating miRNAs influence exercise-induced health and performance adaptations is mounting. Circulating miRNAs are responsible for intercellular communication and could serve as biomarkers for disease and exercise-related traits. Such biomarkers would contribute to exercise screening, monitoring, and the development of personalized exercise prescription. Accordingly, we investigated the impact of long-term strenuous aerobic exercise training and a single bout of maximal aerobic exercise on five muscle-enriched miRNAs implicated in exercise adaptations (miR-1, miR-133a, miR-181a, miR-486, and miR-494)...
2016: Frontiers in Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881005/a-microrna-expression-signature-as-a-predictor-of-survival-for-colon-adenocarcinoma
#4
M Xu, Y Kuang, M Wang, X Han, Q Yang
Colon cancer is a major cause of cancer mortality worldwide and most colon cancers are adenocarcinoma. MicroRNA (miRNA) expression signature has been shown to be able to predict progression and prognosis of various cancers. The aim of our study was to explore a novel signature of microRNA expression for predicting survival of colon adenocarcinoma patients. By analyzing the miRNA expression profiles and clinical information of 329 colon adenocarcinoma patients derived from The Cancer Genome Atlas database. 129 miRNAs were identified to be expressed differentially between the cancer and adjacent tissues...
November 24, 2016: Neoplasma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844418/erratum-to-down-regulation-of-mir-181a-can-reduce-heat-stress-damage-in-pbmcs-of-holstein-cows
#5
Kun-Lin Chen, Yuan-Yuan Fu, Min-Yan Shi, Hui-Xia Li
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 14, 2016: In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Animal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816459/microrna-21-microrna-181a-and-microrna-196a-as-potential-biomarkers-in-adult-egyptian-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#6
Tarek K Motawi, Dahlia A Mohsen, Shohda A El-Maraghy, Mona A Kortam
Dysregulation of miRNAs has been described in systemic lupus erythematosis (SLE), however the clinical relevance of using miRNAs as biomarkers for SLE or predictors of disease progression is poorly investigated. This study investigated the expression signature of plasma miR-21, miR-181a and miR-196a among seventy SLE patients with different systemic lupus erythematosis disease activity index (SLEDAI) scores and thirty healthy controls using quantitative real-time PCR. Plasma IL-10 level was also measured in patients and control groups...
November 2, 2016: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802900/downregulation-of-mir-181a-protects-mice-from-lps-induced-acute-lung-injury-by-targeting-bcl-2
#7
Wuquan Li, Xiaochen Qiu, He Jiang, Yalong Han, Dinan Wei, Jun Liu
Acute lung injury/acute respiratory distress syndrome (ALI/ARDS) is a progressive syndrome with a high incidence and mortality rate. Apoptosis is a very important pathological feature of ALI. Recently, more and more researches on mircoRNAs are involved in the regulation of proliferation and apoptosis of cancer cells. However, the functions of microRNAs in ALI remain unknown. In this study, PCR array and qRT-PCR were used to investigate microRNA profiles and miR-181a regulates apoptosis induced by LPS. Then, we predict the potential target gene of miR-181a is BCL-2 by bioinformatics methods, and validate it using luciferase reporter gene assays...
October 29, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767084/mir-181a-is-a-negative-regulator-of-gria2-in-methamphetamine-use-disorder
#8
Kai Zhang, Qingzhong Wang, Xuxiu Jing, Yan Zhao, Haifeng Jiang, Jiang Du, Shunying Yu, Min Zhao
A previous study reported that the miR-181a level in serum was significantly different between patients with methamphetamine-use disorder and healthy controls and that chronic methamphetamine use down-regulates the expression of miR-181a. Bioinformatic analysis predicted that miR-181a might bind the 3'-UTRs of the mRNA transcripts of the human glutamate receptor genes GRIA2 and GABRA1. In this study, we measured the expression of GRIA2 and GABRA1 in patients with methamphetamine-use disorder. In addition, we examined whether miR-181a down-regulates GRIA2 and GABRA1 in a cell-based assay...
October 21, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753829/sy-03-2-pathophysiologic-significance-of-non-coding-rna-in-hypertension
#9
Stephen Harrap
Genetic discovery in blood pressure is generally referenced in relation to protein-coding genes, despite the fact that genes less than 2% of the genome. Recent exploration of the DNA sequences between genes, once called "junk" DNA, has revealed a wealth of transcripts for RNA species that do not encode protein. These non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) have emerged as dynamic managers of the business of the genome, able to coordinate the expression of genes in time and space to achieve the complexities of normal development and growth...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742678/mir-181a-5p-regulates-3t3-l1-cell-adipogenesis-by-targeting-smad7-and-tcf7l2
#10
Dan Ouyang, Lifeng Xu, Lihua Zhang, Dongguang Guo, Xiaotong Tan, Xiaofang Yu, Junjie Qi, Yaqiong Ye, Qihong Liu, Yongjiang Ma, Yugu Li
MicroRNAs are highly conserved non-coding small RNAs participating in almost all kinds of biological activities. MiR-181a has been reported to be involved in the differentiation of porcine primary preadipocytes, but the profound effect of miR-181a-5p on 3T3-L1 adipocyte differentiation and proliferation is still unclear. In this study, we found that supplementation of miR-181a-5p in 3T3-L1 cells significantly promoted the adipogenesis and inhibited cell proliferation with increased expression of adipogenic marker genes including peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (Pparγ), CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein alpha (C/ebpα), fatty acid-binding protein 4 (Fabp4), and Adiponectin, accompanied by an accumulation of lipid droplet, an increase of triglyceride content, and a decrease of cell proliferation...
October 14, 2016: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699225/identification-of-microrna-181a-5p-and-microrna-4454-as-mediators-of-facet-cartilage-degeneration
#11
Akihiro Nakamura, Y Raja Rampersaud, Anirudh Sharma, Stephen J Lewis, Brian Wu, Poulami Datta, Kala Sundararajan, Helal Endisha, Evgeny Rossomacha, Jason S Rockel, Igor Jurisica, Mohit Kapoor
Osteoarthritis (OA) of spine (facet joints [FJs]) is one of the major causes of severe low back pain and disability worldwide. The degeneration of facet cartilage is a hallmark of FJ OA. However, endogenous mechanisms that initiate degeneration of facet cartilage are unknown, and there are no disease-modifying therapies to stop FJ OA. In this study, we have identified microRNAs (small noncoding RNAs) as mediators of FJ cartilage degeneration. We first established a cohort of patients with varying degrees of facet cartilage degeneration (control group: normal or mild facet cartilage degeneration; FJ OA group: moderate to severe facet cartilage degeneration) and then screened 2,100 miRNAs and identified 2 miRNAs (miR-181a-5p and miR-4454) that were significantly elevated in FJ OA cartilage compared with control facet cartilage...
August 4, 2016: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27673564/mir-181a-induces-macrophage-polarized-to-m2-phenotype-and-promotes-m2-macrophage-mediated-tumor-cell-metastasis-by-targeting-klf6-and-c-ebp%C3%AE
#12
Jia Bi, Xianxin Zeng, Lin Zhao, Qian Wei, Lifeng Yu, Xinnan Wang, Zhaojin Yu, Yaming Cao, Fengping Shan, Minjie Wei
Macrophages can acquire a variety of polarization status and functions: classically activated macrophages (M1 macrophages); alternatively activated macrophages (M2 macrophages). However, the molecular basis of the process is still unclear. Here, this study addresses that microRNA-181a (miR-181a) is a key molecule controlling macrophage polarization. We found that miR-181a is overexpressed in M2 macrophages than in M1 macrophages. miR-181a expression was decreased when M2 phenotype converted to M1, whereas it increased when M1 phenotype converted to M2...
2016: Molecular Therapy. Nucleic Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664584/micrornas-target-srsf7-splicing-factor-to-modulate-the-expression-of-osteopontin-splice-variants-in-renal-cancer-cells
#13
Joanna Boguslawska, Elzbieta Sokol, Beata Rybicka, Alicja Czubaty, Katarzyna Rodzik, Agnieszka Piekielko-Witkowska
SRSF7 is a SR splicing factor involved in the regulation of splicing and mRNA export of cancer-related genes. The mechanisms regulating the expression of SRSF7 are unknown. This study shows that SRSF7 expression in cancer cells is regulated by microRNAs: short, non-coding RNAs that bind to 3'UTR of target genes and downregulate their expression. We show that microRNAs miR-30a-5p and miR-181a-5p together with SRSF7 form regulatory feedback loop in which the expression of microRNAs is recurrently regulated by its target...
September 21, 2016: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642882/sy-03-2-pathophysiologic-significance-of-non-coding-rna-in-hypertension
#14
Stephen Harrap
Genetic discovery in blood pressure is generally referenced in relation to protein-coding genes, despite the fact that genes less than 2% of the genome. Recent exploration of the DNA sequences between genes, once called "junk" DNA, has revealed a wealth of transcripts for RNA species that do not encode protein. These non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) have emerged as dynamic managers of the business of the genome, able to coordinate the expression of genes in time and space to achieve the complexities of normal development and growth...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633853/microrna-181a-promotes-proliferation-and-inhibits-apoptosis-by-suppressing-cfim25-in-osteosarcoma
#15
Zhong-Jiao Zhu, Peng Huang, Yan-Xue Chong, Li-Xin Kang, Xing Huang, Zhong-Xiu Zhu, Lin Nie
MicroRNA-181a (miR-181a) is upregulated in osteosarcoma, and its overexpression promotes the proliferation and inhibits the apoptosis of osteosarcoma cells. However, the mechanism of miR‑181a as an oncogene remains to be fully elucidated in osteosarcoma. Cleavage factor (CF) Im25 links alternative polyadenylation to glioblastoma tumor suppression, however, its role in osteosarcoma has not been reported. In the present study, it was confirmed that the expression of miR‑181a was upregulated in osteosarcoma, and that silencing miR‑181a inhibited the proliferation and promoted the apoptosis of osteosarcoma cells...
September 14, 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27600004/-mir-181a-promotes-the-proliferation-and-metastasis-of-osteosarcoma-cells-by-targeting-rassf1a
#16
Xiaofang Zang, Qin Li, Weiguo Wang, Yong Zhou, Shijie Chen, Tao Xiao
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of miR-181a in promoting the proliferation and metastasis of osteosarcoma cells by targeting RASSF1A.
 METHODS: The level of miR-181a in 30 human osteosarcoma tissues and corresponding bone tissues was detected by real-time PCR, and the correlation between the level of miR-181a and clinicopathological characteristics of osteosarcoma was analyzed. Osteosarcoma cells MG-63 were transfected with chemically-synthesized miR-181a mimics and inhibitors, and the proliferation, migration and invasion of MG-63 cells were detected by MTT and Transwell assay...
August 2016: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595594/genome-wide-association-study-of-positive-emotion-identifies-a-genetic-variant-and-a-role-for-micrornas
#17
A P Wingo, L M Almli, J S Stevens, T Jovanovic, T S Wingo, G Tharp, Y Li, A Lori, M Briscione, P Jin, E B Binder, B Bradley, G Gibson, K J Ressler
Positive affect denotes a state of pleasurable engagement with the environment eliciting positive emotion such as contentment, enthusiasm or happiness. Positive affect is associated with favorable psychological, physical and economic outcomes in many longitudinal studies. With a heritability of ⩽64%, positive affect is substantially influenced by genetic factors; however, our understanding of genetic pathways underlying individual differences in positive affect is still limited. Here, through a genome-wide association study of positive affect in African-American participants, we identify a single-nucleotide polymorphism, rs322931, significantly associated with positive affect at P<5 × 10(-8), and replicate this association in another cohort...
September 6, 2016: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27566954/prognostic-value-of-a-bcsc-associated-microrna-signature-in-hormone-receptor-positive-her2-negative-breast-cancer
#18
Chang Gong, Weige Tan, Kai Chen, Na You, Shan Zhu, Gehao Liang, Xinhua Xie, Qian Li, Yunjie Zeng, Nengtai Ouyang, Zhihua Li, Musheng Zeng, ShiMei Zhuang, Wan-Yee Lau, Qiang Liu, Dong Yin, Xueqin Wang, Fengxi Su, Erwei Song
PURPOSE: Breast cancer patients with high proportion of cancer stem cells (BCSCs) have unfavorable clinical outcomes. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) regulate key features of BCSCs. We hypothesized that a biology-driven model based on BCSC-associated miRNAs could predict prognosis for the most common subtype, hormone receptor (HR)-positive, HER2-negative breast cancer patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: After screening candidate miRNAs based on literature review and a pilot study, we built a miRNA-based classifier using LASSO Cox regression method in the training group (n=202) and validated its prognostic accuracy in an internal (n=101) and two external validation groups (n=308)...
September 2016: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27544753/role-of-micrornas-in-regulation-of-the-tnf-tnfr-gene-superfamily-in-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia
#19
Swati Srivastava, Gregory J Tsongalis, Prabhjot Kaur
BACKGROUND: Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is the most common leukemia in the Western world. The biology of this disease remains elusive. In the present times, targeted molecular therapy defines the treatment. This has made understanding the elusive biology and molecular mechanisms of the disease more relevant. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are non-encoding RNAs that play important gene-regulatory roles in neoplastic processes. As in silico studies list nearly hundreds and more target genes for each miRNA, it is of interest to see if there are genes that have already been implicated in this disease...
August 17, 2016: Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27535859/-bioinformatics-analysis-of-microrna-comprehensive-regulatory-network-in-b-cell-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#20
M N Zeng, W L Ma, W L Zheng
OBJECTIVE: To reveal the involvement of molecules in the pathogenesis of B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) by bioinformatics analyses. METHODS: The microarray data of B-ALL were downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database and Qlucore Omics Explorer software was used to screen differentially expressed miRNA. Based on the differentially expressed miRNAs, we predicted the target genes, long non-coding RNAs (lncRNA) and transcription factors (TFs)...
July 2016: Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Xueyexue Zazhi
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