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Dan Ouyang, Lifeng Xu, Lihua Zhang, Dongguang Guo, Xiaotong Tan, Xiaofang Yu, Junjie Qi, Yaqiong Ye, Qihong Liu, Yongjiang Ma, Yugu Li
MicroRNAs are highly conserved non-coding small RNAs participating in almost all kinds of biological activities. MiR-181a has been reported to be involved in the differentiation of porcine primary preadipocytes, but the profound effect of miR-181a-5p on 3T3-L1 adipocyte differentiation and proliferation is still unclear. In this study, we found that supplementation of miR-181a-5p in 3T3-L1 cells significantly promoted the adipogenesis and inhibited cell proliferation with increased expression of adipogenic marker genes including peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (Pparγ), CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein alpha (C/ebpα), fatty acid-binding protein 4 (Fabp4), and Adiponectin, accompanied by an accumulation of lipid droplet, an increase of triglyceride content, and a decrease of cell proliferation...
October 14, 2016: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
Akihiro Nakamura, Y Raja Rampersaud, Anirudh Sharma, Stephen J Lewis, Brian Wu, Poulami Datta, Kala Sundararajan, Helal Endisha, Evgeny Rossomacha, Jason S Rockel, Igor Jurisica, Mohit Kapoor
Osteoarthritis (OA) of spine (facet joints [FJs]) is one of the major causes of severe low back pain and disability worldwide. The degeneration of facet cartilage is a hallmark of FJ OA. However, endogenous mechanisms that initiate degeneration of facet cartilage are unknown, and there are no disease-modifying therapies to stop FJ OA. In this study, we have identified microRNAs (small noncoding RNAs) as mediators of FJ cartilage degeneration. We first established a cohort of patients with varying degrees of facet cartilage degeneration (control group: normal or mild facet cartilage degeneration; FJ OA group: moderate to severe facet cartilage degeneration) and then screened 2,100 miRNAs and identified 2 miRNAs (miR-181a-5p and miR-4454) that were significantly elevated in FJ OA cartilage compared with control facet cartilage...
August 4, 2016: JCI Insight
Jia Bi, Xianxin Zeng, Lin Zhao, Qian Wei, Lifeng Yu, Xinnan Wang, Zhaojin Yu, Yaming Cao, Fengping Shan, Minjie Wei
Macrophages can acquire a variety of polarization status and functions: classically activated macrophages (M1 macrophages); alternatively activated macrophages (M2 macrophages). However, the molecular basis of the process is still unclear. Here, this study addresses that microRNA-181a (miR-181a) is a key molecule controlling macrophage polarization. We found that miR-181a is overexpressed in M2 macrophages than in M1 macrophages. miR-181a expression was decreased when M2 phenotype converted to M1, whereas it increased when M1 phenotype converted to M2...
2016: Molecular Therapy. Nucleic Acids
Joanna Boguslawska, Elzbieta Sokol, Beata Rybicka, Alicja Czubaty, Katarzyna Rodzik, Agnieszka Piekielko-Witkowska
SRSF7 is a SR splicing factor involved in the regulation of splicing and mRNA export of cancer-related genes. The mechanisms regulating the expression of SRSF7 are unknown. This study shows that SRSF7 expression in cancer cells is regulated by microRNAs: short, non-coding RNAs that bind to 3'UTR of target genes and downregulate their expression. We show that microRNAs miR-30a-5p and miR-181a-5p together with SRSF7 form regulatory feedback loop in which the expression of microRNAs is recurrently regulated by its target...
September 21, 2016: Gene
Stephen Harrap
Genetic discovery in blood pressure is generally referenced in relation to protein-coding genes, despite the fact that genes less than 2% of the genome. Recent exploration of the DNA sequences between genes, once called "junk" DNA, has revealed a wealth of transcripts for RNA species that do not encode protein. These non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) have emerged as dynamic managers of the business of the genome, able to coordinate the expression of genes in time and space to achieve the complexities of normal development and growth...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Zhong-Jiao Zhu, Peng Huang, Yan-Xue Chong, Li-Xin Kang, Xing Huang, Zhong-Xiu Zhu, Lin Nie
MicroRNA-181a (miR-181a) is upregulated in osteosarcoma, and its overexpression promotes the proliferation and inhibits the apoptosis of osteosarcoma cells. However, the mechanism of miR‑181a as an oncogene remains to be fully elucidated in osteosarcoma. Cleavage factor (CF) Im25 links alternative polyadenylation to glioblastoma tumor suppression, however, its role in osteosarcoma has not been reported. In the present study, it was confirmed that the expression of miR‑181a was upregulated in osteosarcoma, and that silencing miR‑181a inhibited the proliferation and promoted the apoptosis of osteosarcoma cells...
September 14, 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Xiaofang Zang, Qin Li, Weiguo Wang, Yong Zhou, Shijie Chen, Tao Xiao
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of miR-181a in promoting the proliferation and metastasis of osteosarcoma cells by targeting RASSF1A.
 METHODS: The level of miR-181a in 30 human osteosarcoma tissues and corresponding bone tissues was detected by real-time PCR, and the correlation between the level of miR-181a and clinicopathological characteristics of osteosarcoma was analyzed. Osteosarcoma cells MG-63 were transfected with chemically-synthesized miR-181a mimics and inhibitors, and the proliferation, migration and invasion of MG-63 cells were detected by MTT and Transwell assay...
August 2016: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
A P Wingo, L M Almli, J S Stevens, T Jovanovic, T S Wingo, G Tharp, Y Li, A Lori, M Briscione, P Jin, E B Binder, B Bradley, G Gibson, K J Ressler
Positive affect denotes a state of pleasurable engagement with the environment eliciting positive emotion such as contentment, enthusiasm or happiness. Positive affect is associated with favorable psychological, physical and economic outcomes in many longitudinal studies. With a heritability of ⩽64%, positive affect is substantially influenced by genetic factors; however, our understanding of genetic pathways underlying individual differences in positive affect is still limited. Here, through a genome-wide association study of positive affect in African-American participants, we identify a single-nucleotide polymorphism, rs322931, significantly associated with positive affect at P<5 × 10(-8), and replicate this association in another cohort...
September 6, 2016: Molecular Psychiatry
Chang Gong, Weige Tan, Kai Chen, Na You, Shan Zhu, Gehao Liang, Xinhua Xie, Qian Li, Yunjie Zeng, Nengtai Ouyang, Zhihua Li, Musheng Zeng, ShiMei Zhuang, Wan-Yee Lau, Qiang Liu, Dong Yin, Xueqin Wang, Fengxi Su, Erwei Song
PURPOSE: Breast cancer patients with high proportion of cancer stem cells (BCSCs) have unfavorable clinical outcomes. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) regulate key features of BCSCs. We hypothesized that a biology-driven model based on BCSC-associated miRNAs could predict prognosis for the most common subtype, hormone receptor (HR)-positive, HER2-negative breast cancer patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: After screening candidate miRNAs based on literature review and a pilot study, we built a miRNA-based classifier using LASSO Cox regression method in the training group (n=202) and validated its prognostic accuracy in an internal (n=101) and two external validation groups (n=308)...
September 2016: EBioMedicine
Swati Srivastava, Gregory J Tsongalis, Prabhjot Kaur
BACKGROUND: Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is the most common leukemia in the Western world. The biology of this disease remains elusive. In the present times, targeted molecular therapy defines the treatment. This has made understanding the elusive biology and molecular mechanisms of the disease more relevant. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are non-encoding RNAs that play important gene-regulatory roles in neoplastic processes. As in silico studies list nearly hundreds and more target genes for each miRNA, it is of interest to see if there are genes that have already been implicated in this disease...
August 17, 2016: Clinical Biochemistry
M N Zeng, W L Ma, W L Zheng
OBJECTIVE: To reveal the involvement of molecules in the pathogenesis of B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) by bioinformatics analyses. METHODS: The microarray data of B-ALL were downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database and Qlucore Omics Explorer software was used to screen differentially expressed miRNA. Based on the differentially expressed miRNAs, we predicted the target genes, long non-coding RNAs (lncRNA) and transcription factors (TFs)...
July 2016: Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Xueyexue Zazhi
Hongmei Xu, Jihong Zhu, Cong Hu, Hua Song, Yiyang Li
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenous, non-coding, small RNAs, which play a critical role in regulating varieties of the biological and pathologic processes. miR-181a has been reported to participate in tumorigenic progression. However, the roles of miR-181a in cervical cancer (CC) are still unknown. The aim of this research was to explore the effects and molecular mechanism of miR-181a in CC cells. In this paper, the levels of miR-181a in CC cell lines were determined by real-time PCR. We found that the levels of miR-181a were evidently enhanced in CC cell lines compared with normal cervical epithelium cells...
August 18, 2016: Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry
Yue Ma, Mu-Xia Yan, Zi-Yan Luo
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression of miR-181a in AML cell lines and explore its effect on cell proliferation. METHODS: The expression of miR-181a in AML cell lines (NB4,HL-60,K562 and MV-4-11) was detected by quantiative polymerase chain reation(qPCR). Moreover, the cell proliferation and cell cycle were evaluated in several cell lines (HL60, NB4 and K562) by using CCK-8 and flow cytometry after the imitative transfection with miR-181a. RESULTS: The miR-181a expression was significantly increased in most AML cell lines, including NB4,HL-60 and MV-4-11, but decreased in a few AML cell lines(K562), as compared with that in control(P<0...
August 2016: Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue za Zhi
Adam M Sheikh, Heather Yvonne Small, Gemma Currie, Christian Delles
BACKGROUND: Pre-eclampsia (PE) is a complex, multi-systemic condition of pregnancy which greatly impacts maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. MicroRNAs (miRs) are differentially expressed in PE and may be important in helping to understand the condition and its pathogenesis. METHODS: Case-control studies investigating expression of miRs in PE were collected through a systematic literature search. Data was extracted and compared from 58 studies to identify the most promising miRs associated with PE pathogenesis and identify areas of methodology which could account for often conflicting results...
2016: PloS One
Xiaomeng Huang, Sebastian Schwind, Ramasamy Santhanam, Ann-Kathrin Eisfeld, Chi-Ling Chiang, Malori Lankenau, Bo Yu, Pia Hoellerbauer, Yan Jin, Somayeh S Tarighat, Jihane Khalife, Alison Walker, Danilo Perrotti, Clara D Bloomfield, Hongyan Wang, Robert J Lee, L James Lee, Guido Marcucci
Deregulation of microRNAs' expression frequently occurs in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Lower miR-181a expression is associated with worse outcomes, but the exact mechanisms by which miR-181a mediates this effect remain elusive. Aberrant activation of the RAS pathway contributes to myeloid leukemogenesis. Here, we report that miR-181a directly binds to 3'-untranslated regions (UTRs); downregulates KRAS, NRAS and MAPK1; and decreases AML growth. The delivery of miR-181a mimics to target AML cells using transferrin-targeting lipopolyplex nanoparticles (NP) increased mature miR-181a; downregulated KRAS, NRAS and MAPK1; and resulted in decreased phosphorylation of the downstream RAS effectors...
August 9, 2016: Oncotarget
Maoxian Deng, Turan Tufan, Muhammad U Raza, Thomas C Jones, Meng-Yang Zhu
MicroRNAs are short non-coding RNAs that provide global regulation of gene expression at the post-transcriptional level. Such regulation has been found to play a role in stress-induced epigenetic responses in the brain. The norepinephrine transporter (NET) and glucocorticoid receptors are closely related to the homeostatic integration and regulation after stress. Our previous studies demonstrated that NET mRNA and protein levels in rats are regulated by chronic stress and by administration of corticosterone, which is mediated through glucocorticoid receptors...
October 2016: Journal of Neurochemistry
Yingying Wei, Xuelian Tao, Huaming Xu, Yan Chen, Li Zhu, Guoqing Tang, Mingzhou Li, Anan Jiang, Surong Shuai, Jideng Ma, Long Jin, Anxiang Wen, Qin Wang, Guangxiang Zhu, Meng Xie, Jiayun Wu, Tao He, Yanzhi Jiang, Xuewei Li
Accumulating evidence has indicated that microRNAs (miRNAs) and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress play critical roles in myoblast differentiation. However, the regulation roles of miRNAs and ER stress in myogenic differentiation have not been fully revealed and need to be further studied. Here, we discovered that the expression levels of miR-181a-5p were strongly upregulated during C2C12 cell differentiation. miR-181a-5p overexpression promoted ER stress and differentiation of C2C12 cells, which was accompanied by increasing expression levels of marker genes related to ER stress-mediated apoptosis and myogenic differentiation...
October 30, 2016: Gene
G Liu, Y Li, X-G Gao
OBJECTIVE: Atherosclerosis is featured as artery wall thickness as a result of invasion and accumulation of white blood cells and proliferation of intimal smooth muscle cells. Endothelial dysfunction has been linked to a variety of vascular diseases, including atherosclerosis. MicroRNAs play essential roles during the atherosclerotic plaques formation. In this study, we investigate the roles of miR-181a in the oxidative stress-induced endothelial cells dysfunction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The expressions of miR-181a were compared between human atherosclerotic plaques and normal blood vessels...
July 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Lu Gao, Gang Wang, Wei-Na Liu, Holly Kinser, Hector L Franco, Carole R Mendelson
CONTEXT: The initiation of term and preterm labor is associated with an up-regulated inflammatory response in myometrium; however, the underlying signaling pathways remain incompletely defined. OBJECTIVE: To define the regulatory mechanisms that mediate the increased myometrial inflammatory response leading to labor, we investigated the roles of microRNAs (miRNA/miR). DESIGN AND SETTING: Human myometrial tissues, isolated smooth muscle cells, and animal models were used to study miR-181a regulation of uterine inflammatory pathways and contractility...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Q Ling, H Xie, J Li, J Liu, J Cao, F Yang, C Wang, Q Hu, X Xu, S Zheng
New-onset diabetes after liver transplantation (NODALT) is a frequent complication with an unfavorable outcome. We previously demonstrated a crucial link between donor graft genetics and the risk of NODALT. We selected 15 matched pairs of NODALT and non-NODALT liver recipients using propensity score matching analysis. The donor liver tissues were tested for the expression of 10 microRNAs (miRNAs) regulating human hepatic glucose homeostasis. The biological functions of potential target genes were predicted using gene ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment analysis...
July 26, 2016: American Journal of Transplantation
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