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Emergency nursing paediatric

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143446/realism-in-paediatric-emergency-simulations-a-prospective-comparison-of-in-situ-low-fidelity-and-centre-based-high-fidelity-scenarios
#1
Fenton O'Leary, Ioannis Pegiazoglou, Kathryn McGarvey, Ruza Novakov, Ingrid Wolfsberger, Jennifer Peat
OBJECTIVE: To measure scenario participant and faculty self-reported realism, engagement and learning for the low fidelity, in situ simulations and compare this to high fidelity, centre-based simulations. METHODS: A prospective survey of scenario participants and faculty completing in situ and centre-based paediatric simulations. RESULTS: There were 382 responses, 276 from scenario participants and 106 from faculty with 241 responses from in situ and 141 from centre-based simulations...
November 16, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074734/the-impact-of-out-of-hospital-models-of-care-on-paediatric-emergency-department-presentations
#2
Russell M Viner, Frances Blackburn, Francesca White, Randy Mannie, Tracy Parr, Sara Nelson, Claire Lemer, Anna Riddell, Mando Watson, Francesca Cleugh, Michelle Heys, Dougal S Hargreaves
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the potential impact of enhanced primary care and new out-of-hospital models (OOHMs) on emergency department (ED) presentations by children and young people (CYP). DESIGN: Observational study. PATIENTS & SETTING: Data collected prospectively on 3020 CYP 0â€"17.9 years from 6 London EDs during 14 days by 25 supernumerary clinicians. CYP with transient acute illness, exacerbation of long-term condition (LTC), complex LTC/disability and injury/trauma were considered manageable within OOHM...
October 26, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068741/attitudes-towards-three-ultrasound-guided-vascular-access-techniques-in-a-paediatric-emergency-department
#3
Carrie Ng, Lorraine Ng, David O Kessler
BACKGROUND: although nurses often place peripheral intravenous (IV) catheters, little is known about their perceptions regarding use of ultrasound guidance. AIM: the authors aimed to determine paediatric emergency department nurses' attitudes toward ultrasound-guided IV access techniques and assessed practice change after training. METHOD: In a cross-sectional study of nurses, they had didactic and hands-on practice sessions, using three short-axis ultrasound-guided IV access techniques on gel models...
October 26, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978650/validity-of-triage-systems-for-paediatric-emergency-care-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Maria Clara de Magalhães-Barbosa, Jaqueline Rodrigues Robaina, Arnaldo Prata-Barbosa, Claudia de Souza Lopes
AIM: To present a systematic review on the validity of triage systems for paediatric emergency care. METHODS: Search in MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature (LILACS), Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO), Nursing Database Index (BDENF) and Spanish Health Sciences Bibliographic Index (IBECS) for articles in English, French, Portuguese or Spanish with no time limit. Validity studies of five-level triage systems for patients 0-18 years old were included...
November 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912165/holistic-care-of-complicated-tuberculosis-in-healthcare-settings-with-limited-resources
#5
Trevor Duke, Sharon Kasa Tom, Harry Poka, Henry Welch
In recent years, most of the focus on improving the quality of paediatric care in low-income countries has been on improving primary care using the Integrated Management of Childhood Illness, and improving triage and emergency treatment in hospitals aimed at reducing deaths in the first 24 hours. There has been little attention paid to improving the quality of care for children with chronic or complex diseases. Children with complicated forms of tuberculosis (TB), including central nervous system and chronic pulmonary TB, provide examples of acute and chronic multisystem paediatric illnesses that commonly present to district-level and second-level referral hospitals in low-income countries...
September 14, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840940/research-priorities-for-specialized-nursing-practice-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#6
N Al-Yateem, M Al-Tamimi, M Brenner, H Altawil, A Ahmad, S Brownie
BACKGROUND: Globally, nurses are undertaking expanded and more specialized roles in healthcare planning and service delivery in response to changing patterns and levels of health service demand. This means the nursing profession is increasingly considered as leaders in health service policy, research and practice. The United Arab Emirates has strengthened nursing governance and practice by establishing a Nursing and Midwifery Council and increasing the activity of nursing specialization, service leadership and research...
August 25, 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782226/perspectives-of-hospital-emergency-department-staff-on-trauma-informed-care-for-injured-children-an-australian-and-new-zealand-analysis
#7
Claire Hoysted, Franz E Babl, Nancy Kassam-Adams, Markus A Landolt, Laura Jobson, Sarah Curtis, Anupam B Kharbanda, Mark D Lyttle, Niccolò Parri, Rachel Stanley, Eva Alisic
AIM: To examine Australian and New Zealand emergency department (ED) staff's training, knowledge and confidence regarding trauma-informed care for children after trauma, and barriers to implementation. METHODS: ED staff's perspectives on trauma-informed care were assessed using a web-based self-report questionnaire. Participants included 468 ED staff (375 nursing and 111 medical staff) from hospitals in Australia and New Zealand. Data analyses included descriptive statistics, χ(2) tests and multiple regressions...
August 6, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751469/ethics-consultation-in-paediatric-and-adult-emergency-departments-an-assessment-of-clinical-ethical-learning-and-resource-needs
#8
Keith A Colaco, Alanna Courtright, Sandra Andreychuk, Andrea Frolic, Ji Cheng, April Jacqueline Kam
OBJECTIVE: We sought to understand ethics and education needs of emergency nurses and physicians in paediatric and adult emergency departments (EDs) in order to build ethics capacity and provide a foundation for the development of an ethics education programme. METHODS: This was a prospective cross-sectional survey of all staff nurses and physicians in three tertiary care EDs. The survey tool, called Clinical Ethics Needs Assessment Survey, was pilot tested on a similar target audience for question content and clarity...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705570/la-pose-de-voie-veineuse-p%C3%A3-diatrique-par-les-%C3%A3-quipes-de-smur-adultes
#9
REVIEW
Frédéric Lemoine, Hugues Lefort, Sabine Lemoine, Benoît Frattini, Daniel Jost
Paediatric perfusion during pre-hospital care is a major issue in the event of life-threatening emergencies. Access, often restricted, to backup specialising in paediatrics, implies the existence of practices on protocols for the adult mobile emergency and intensive care service (Smur) in partnership with paediatricians. Paediatric perfusion practices were assessed in these teams. The results show the presence of a paediatric protocol in the adult Smur teams is not very common. Nursing practices seem to be evolving towards the recommendations, thanks to technological advances such as the use of the intraosseous device...
July 2017: Soins. Pédiatrie, Puériculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660564/a-smartphone-application-to-determine-body-length-for-body-weight-estimation-in-children-a-prospective-clinical-trial
#10
Oliver Wetzel, Alexander R Schmidt, Michelle Seiler, Davide Scaramuzza, Burkhardt Seifert, Donat R Spahn, Philipp Stein
The aim of this study was to test the feasibility and accuracy of a smartphone application to measure the body length of children using the integrated camera and to evaluate the subsequent weight estimates. A prospective clinical trial of children aged 0-<13 years admitted to the emergency department of the University Children's Hospital Zurich. The primary outcome was to validate the length measurement by the smartphone application «Optisizer». The secondary outcome was to correlate the virtually calculated ordinal categories based on the length measured by the app to the categories based on the real length...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647719/a-cross-sectional-study-on-the-prevalence-and-associated-risk-factors-for-workplace-violence-against-chinese-nurses
#11
Lei Shi, Danyang Zhang, Chenyu Zhou, Libin Yang, Tao Sun, Tianjun Hao, Xiangwen Peng, Lei Gao, Wenhui Liu, Yi Mu, Yuzhen Han, Lihua Fan
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the present study was to explore the characteristics of workplace violence that Chinese nurses at tertiary and county-level hospitals encountered in the 12 months from December 2014 to January 2016, to identify and analyse risk factors for workplace violence, and to establish the basis for future preventive strategies. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. SETTING: A total of 44 tertiary hospitals and 90 county-level hospitals in 16 provinces (municipalities or autonomous regions) in China...
June 24, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617125/-emergency-nursing-is-the-best-job-you-ll-ever-have
#12
Layla Haidrani
What is your job? I am a clinical development specialist at Hasbro Children's Hospital, the paediatric division of Rhode Island Hospital in Providence, US. I educate and mentor new graduate nurses from the paediatric emergency department (ED) and inpatient areas.
June 15, 2017: Emergency Nurse: the Journal of the RCN Accident and Emergency Nursing Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601795/the-role-of-nurses-clinical-impression-in-the-first-assessment-of-children-at-the-emergency-department
#13
Joany M Zachariasse, Dominique van der Lee, Nienke Seiger, Evelien de Vos-Kerkhof, Rianne Oostenbrink, Henriëtte A Moll
OBJECTIVE: To assess the diagnostic value and determinants of nurses' clinical impression for the recognition of children with a serious illness on presentation to the emergency department (ED). DESIGN: Secondary analysis of a prospective cohort. SETTING AND PATIENTS: 6390 consecutive children <16 years of age presenting to a paediatric ED with a non-surgical chief complaint and complete data available. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Diagnostic accuracy of nurses' clinical impression for the prediction of serious illness, defined by intensive care unit (ICU) and hospital admission...
November 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543931/severe-asthma-in-children
#14
REVIEW
Andrew Bush, Louise Fleming, Sejal Saglani
Most children with asthma have their disease easily controlled if low-dose inhaled corticosteroids (ICSs) are regularly and correctly administered. If a child presents with asthma which is apparently resistant to therapy with high-dose ICS and other controllers, then they have problematic severe asthma. However, in light of the UK National Review of Asthma Deaths, definitions of severe asthma based solely on the levels of prescribed treatment are too narrow. A detailed assessment of all such children should be performed...
July 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470071/nurses-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-regarding-evidence-based-practice-in-the-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv-programme-in-malawi
#15
Chisomo Mulenga, Joanne R Naidoo
BACKGROUND: HIV continues to be a global public health concern with Malawi being among the worst affected countries. The prevalence of HIV among pregnant women is also very high, thereby raising concerns of mother-to-child transmission of the virus. Prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV is therefore a priority in the efforts to curb the HIV pandemic. Keeping in mind that the area of HIV management is rapidly evolving, underpinning nursing care with evidence-based practice is essential and has been reported to reduce mother-to-child transmission...
April 12, 2017: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469906/improving-access-for-urgent-patients-in-paediatric-neurology
#16
Khalid Mohamed, Basema Al Houri, Khalid Ibrahim, Abdulhafeez M Khair
Referral and flow management is an important part of outpatient care; some patients require to be seen earlier than the next available appointment because of the nature of their presentation. We did not have a clear pathway for urgent patients being referred to our pediatric neurology service. When we reviewed this process in our Quality Improvement meeting we identified wide variation in the length of time such patients wait to be seen in clinic ranging from 2 to 11 weeks. Only 25% of patients identified as requiring urgent clinic appointments were seen in clinic within 2 weeks of triage...
2017: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462830/a-systematic-review-of-the-impact-of-nurse-initiated-medications-in-the-emergency-department
#17
REVIEW
C J Cabilan, Mary Boyde
BACKGROUND: Nurse-initiated medications are one of the most important strategies used to facilitate timely care for people who present to Emergency Departments (EDs). The purpose of this paper was to systematically review the evidence of nurse-initiated medications to guide future practice and research. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was conducted to locate published studies and Grey literature. All studies were assessed independently by two independent reviewers for relevance using titles and abstracts, eligibility dictated by the inclusion criteria, and methodological quality...
May 2017: Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal: AENJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325381/-early-treatment-and-nursing-role-in-the-case-of-a-haemorrhagic-stroke
#18
Séverine Héraud-Carré, Bruno Le Roy, Gladys Prével
Paediatric stroke constitute a medical and/or surgical emergency. The speed and timeliness of the treatment have a significant impact on the prognosis. The nursing role, from carrying out continuous observation to specific procedures, is essential in the assessment, the care pathway and the short-, medium- and long-term outcome for the child.
March 2017: Soins. Pédiatrie, Puériculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278415/paediatric-active-enhanced-disease-surveillance-inaugural-annual-report-2014
#19
Yvonne A Zurynski, Jocelynne E McRae, Helen E Quinn, Nicholas J Wood, Kristine K Macartney
INTRODUCTION: The Paediatric Active Enhanced Disease Surveillance (PAEDS) network is a hospital-based active surveillance system employing prospective case ascertainment of selected uncommon vaccine preventable diseases and potential adverse events following immunisation (AEFI). PAEDS enhances other Australian surveillance systems by providing prospective detailed clinical and laboratory data for the same child. METHODS: Specialist surveillance nurses screen hospital admissions, emergency department records, laboratory and other data, to prospectively identify hospitalised children aged under 15 years in 5 paediatric tertiary referral hospitals in New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia, Western Australia and Queensland...
September 30, 2016: Communicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271392/labelling-of-mental-illness-in-a%C3%A2-paediatric-emergency-department-and-its-implications-for-stigma-reduction-education
#20
Javeed Sukhera, Kristina Miller, Alexandra Milne, Christina Scerbo, Rodrick Lim, Alicia Cooper, Chris Watling
INTRODUCTION: Stigmatizing attitudes and behaviours towards patients with mental illness have negative consequences on their health. Despite research regarding educational and social contact-based interventions to reduce stigma, there are limitations to the success of these interventions for individuals with deeply held stigmatizing beliefs. Our study sought to better understand the process of implicit mental illness stigma in the setting of a paediatric emergency department to inform the design of future educational interventions...
June 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
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