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Rabies attitude

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30086838/socio-economic-factors-associated-with-voluntary-rabies-control-measures-in-vietnam
#1
Hazumu Kadowaki, Phuc Pham Duc, Kazuo Sato, Pham Thi Minh Phuong, Katsuro Hagiwara, Kohei Makita
Rabies is a fatal zoonosis, and in Vietnam, it remains problematic despite the availability of dog rabies vaccination. The purpose of this study was to clarify the socio-economic factors associated with voluntary rabies control measures among the general population using a "Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practice" framework to provide health and veterinary authorities in Vietnam with baseline information for better planning of policy supports. A questionnaire survey with interviews was conducted in 495 households (64 mountainous and 431 plain-area households) in Thai Nguyen Province in September 2016...
September 1, 2018: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30050673/socioecology-of-the-canine-population-in-the-province-of-el-jadida-morocco
#2
K Bouaddi, A Bitar, A Ferssiwi, M Bouslikhane, A Fitani, P P Mshelbwala, S W Audu
Understanding the socioecology of domestic dog populations is essential for effective disease control, especially canine rabies. In Morocco, since 1986, the control efforts and plans put in place by the government have failed to eradicate this disease; this is because the management of the canine population was not taken into account during the establishment of these plans. It is against the background that this study was designed to estimate the dog population and determine its socioecological characteristics, as well as investigate the attitude of the inhabitants towards the dogs...
2018: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29976915/dog-ecology-and-rabies-knowledge-of-owners-and-non-owners-in-sanur-a-sub-district-of-the-indonesian-island-province-of-bali
#3
Elly Hiby, Kadek Karang Agustina, Kate Nattras Atema, Gusti Ngurah Bagus, Janice Girardi, Mike Harfoot, Yacinta Haryono, Lex Hiby, Hendra Irawan, Levin Kalalo, Sang Gede Purnama, I Made Subrata, Ida Bagus Ngurah Swacita, Ni Wayan Arya Utami, Pande Putu Januraga, Dewa Nyoman Wirawan
This study gained an understanding of dog demographics, owner behaviour, and knowledge, attitudes and practices relating to rabies in three villages in Sanur, Bali, providing insights for an intervention to improve responsible dog ownership. A combination of a census of all dogs, street surveys of roaming dogs, and a Knowledge, Attitude and Practices (KAP) survey was used to study both dogs and people. A total of 6009 dogs were recorded, of which only 3.3% appeared to be unowned; unowned dogs had poorer welfare and were more likely to be wary of attempted approaches by people...
July 5, 2018: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29966499/evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-a-culturally-adapted-behavioral-family-psycho-educational-program-for-egyptian-patients-with-schizophrenia
#4
Hisham Rami, Hanan Hussien, Menan Rabie, Walaa Sabry, Marwa El Missiry, Reem El Ghamry
Although a growing body of evidence supports the effectiveness of behavioral family therapies for patients with schizophrenia, few studies have been carried out on the effectiveness of such programs for Egyptian patients. The current study translated and culturally adapted the Behavioral Family Psycho-Education Program (BFPEP) and conducted a preliminary efficacy evaluation for outpatients suffering from schizophrenia. Thirty patients received 14 sessions of culturally adapted Program (CA-BFPEP) and 30 received treatment as usual; all were followed up for 6 months...
January 1, 2018: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927935/the-influence-of-poverty-and-rabies-knowledge-on-healthcare-seeking-behaviors-and-dog-ownership-cameroon
#5
Galileu Barbosa Costa, Amy Gilbert, Benjamin Monroe, Jesse Blanton, Sali Ngam Ngam, Sergio Recuenco, Ryan Wallace
BACKGROUND: Rabies is a fatal encephalitis caused by lyssaviruses, with most human cases worldwide resulting from rabid dog bites. Although effective animal and human vaccines have been available for over 100 years, control efforts have not been adequately implemented on the global scale and rabies remains one of the greatest global zoonotic threats to human health. We conducted a knowledge, attitudes and practices survey in Northern Cameroon to describe dog ownership characteristics, rates of dog bites, and post-bite healthcare seeking behaviors...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726121/meeting-the-urgent-need-for-rabies-education-in-haiti
#6
M O V Osinubi, N Fenelon, J L Dyer, R Franka, M Etheart, A Ali, M Birhane, N Phaimyr Jn Charles, A Destine, N Saleme, C Newman, K Crowdis, C Lutfy, C E Rupprecht, R M Wallace, V R Johnson
The highest rate of human rabies deaths reported in the Americas is in Haiti, and most of these deaths result from rabies virus infections that occur after individuals are bitten by infected dogs and do not receive rabies post-exposure prophylaxis. One barrier to rabies prevention in Haiti is a lack of knowledge about this disease among healthcare professionals and community members. During the past 4 years, The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has collaborated with public health officials and partners to develop, test and refine educational materials aimed at filling this need for rabies education...
May 3, 2018: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29522517/a-rabies-lesson-improves-rabies-knowledge-amongst-primary-school-children-in-zomba-malawi
#7
Jordana L Burdon Bailey, Luke Gamble, Andrew D Gibson, Barend M deC Bronsvoort, Ian G Handel, Richard J Mellanby, Stella Mazeri
Rabies is an important neglected disease, which kills around 59,000 people a year. Over a third of these deaths are in children less than 15 years of age. Almost all human rabies deaths in Africa and Asia are due to bites from infected dogs. Despite the high efficacy of current rabies vaccines, awareness about rabies preventive healthcare is often low in endemic areas. It is therefore common for educational initiatives to be conducted in conjunction with other rabies control activities such as mass dog vaccination, however there are few examples where the efficacy of education activities has been assessed...
March 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386576/analogies-of-the-classical-euler-top-with-a-rotor-to-spin-squeezing-and-quantum-phase-transitions-in-a-generalized-lipkin-meshkov-glick-model
#8
Tomáš Opatrný, Lukáš Richterek, Martin Opatrný
We show that the classical model of Euler top (freely rotating, generally asymmetric rigid body), possibly supplemented with a rotor, corresponds to a generalized Lipkin-Meshkov-Glick (LMG) model describing phenomena of various branches of quantum physics. Classical effects such as free precession of a symmetric top, Feynman's wobbling plate, tennis-racket instability and the Dzhanibekov effect, attitude control of satellites by momentum wheels, or twisting somersault dynamics, have their counterparts in quantum effects that include spin squeezing by one-axis twisting and two-axis countertwisting, transitions between the Josephson and Rabi regimes of a Bose-Einstein condensate in a double-well potential, and other quantum critical phenomena...
January 31, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067191/awareness-of-rabies-and-response-to-dog-bites-in-a-bangladesh-community
#9
Sumon Ghosh, Sukanta Chowdhury, Najmul Haider, Rajub K Bhowmik, Md S Rana, Aung S Prue Marma, Muhammad B Hossain, Nitish C Debnath, Be-Nazir Ahmed
Community awareness regarding rabies and treatment seeking behaviours are critical both for the prevention and control of the disease in human and animals. We conducted a study to explore people's awareness about rabies, their attitudes towards dogs and practices associated with treating dog bites in Satkhira Sadar, a south-western sub-district of Bangladesh. Of the total 3200 households (HHs) surveyed, the majority of the respondents have heard about rabies (73%) and there was a high level of awareness that dog bite is the main cause of rabies (86%), and that rabies can be prevented by vaccination (85%)...
August 2016: Veterinary Medicine and Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761600/-evaluation-of-knowledge-attitudes-practices-of-the-populations-in-the-health-districts-of-benoye-laoukassy-moundou-and-south-n-djamena-towards-canine-rabies-in-chad
#10
Rolande Mindekem, Monique Lechenne, Idriss Oumar Alfaroukh, Daugla Doumagoum Moto, Jakob Zinsstag, Laurent Tinoaga Ouedraogo, Sahidou Salifou
INTRODUCTION: Canine rabies remains a concern in Africa as well as in Chad. Our study aimed to evaluate the knowledge, attitudes and practices of the populations towards the appropriate management of people exposed to canine rabies and effective fight against it. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional, descriptive study in four health districts in Chad in July and in September 2015. Data were collected from households recruited by three-stage random sampling by means of a questionnaire...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740850/the-role-of-dog-population-management-in-rabies-elimination-a-review-of-current-approaches-and-future-opportunities
#11
REVIEW
Louise H Taylor, Ryan M Wallace, Deepashree Balaram, Joann M Lindenmayer, Douglas C Eckery, Beryl Mutonono-Watkiss, Ellie Parravani, Louis H Nel
Free-roaming dogs and rabies transmission are integrally linked across many low-income countries, and large unmanaged dog populations can be daunting to rabies control program planners. Dog population management (DPM) is a multifaceted concept that aims to improve the health and well-being of free-roaming dogs, reduce problems they may cause, and may also aim to reduce dog population size. In theory, DPM can facilitate more effective rabies control. Community engagement focused on promoting responsible dog ownership and better veterinary care could improve the health of individual animals and dog vaccination coverage, thus reducing rabies transmission...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692657/improper-wound-treatment-and-delay-of-rabies-post-exposure-prophylaxis-of-animal-bite-victims-in-china-prevalence-and-determinants
#12
Qiaoyan Liu, Xiaojun Wang, Bing Liu, Yanhong Gong, Naomie Mkandawire, Wenzhen Li, Wenning Fu, Liqing Li, Yong Gan, Jun Shi, Bin Shi, Junan Liu, Shiyi Cao, Zuxun Lu
BACKGROUND: Rabies is invariably a fatal disease. Appropriate wound treatment and prompt rabies post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) are of great importance to rabies prevention. The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence and influencing factors of improper wound treatment and delay of rabies PEP after an animal bite in Wuhan, China. METHODOLOGY: This cross-sectional study was conducted among animal bite victims visiting rabies prevention clinics (RPCs)...
July 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569185/the-impact-of-poverty-on-dog-ownership-and-access-to-canine-rabies-vaccination-results-from-a-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-survey-uganda-2013
#13
Ryan MacLaren Wallace, Jason Mehal, Yoshinori Nakazawa, Sergio Recuenco, Barnabas Bakamutumaho, Modupe Osinubi, Victor Tugumizemu, Jesse D Blanton, Amy Gilbert, Joseph Wamala
BACKGROUND: Rabies is a neglected disease despite being responsible for more human deaths than any other zoonosis. A lack of adequate human and dog surveillance, resulting in low prioritization, is often blamed for this paradox. Estimation methods are often employed to describe the rabies burden when surveillance data are not available, however these figures are rarely based on country-specific data. METHODS: In 2013 a knowledge, attitudes, and practices survey was conducted in Uganda to understand dog population, rabies vaccination, and human rabies risk factors and improve in-country and regional rabies burden estimates...
June 1, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449830/barriers-to-patient-centered-care-in-hypertension
#14
EDITORIAL
Doreen M Rabi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415972/community-based-survey-during-rabies-outbreaks-in-rangjung-town-trashigang-eastern-bhutan-2016
#15
Tenzin Tenzin, Jamyang Namgyal, Sangay Letho
BACKGROUND: Rabies is a highly fatal disease transmitted through the bite of a rabid animal. Human deaths can be prevented by prompt administering of rabies vaccine and rabies immunoglobulin following the exposure. An assessment of community knowledge, awareness and practices on rabies is important during outbreak to understand their preparedness and target educational messages and response activities by the rapid response team. METHODS: A rabies outbreak has occurred in Rangjung town, eastern Bhutan on 4 October 2016...
April 17, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385500/successful-strategies-implemented-towards-the-elimination-of-canine-rabies-in-the-western-hemisphere
#16
REVIEW
Andres Velasco-Villa, Luis E Escobar, Anthony Sanchez, Mang Shi, Daniel G Streicker, Nadia F Gallardo-Romero, Fernando Vargas-Pino, Veronica Gutierrez-Cedillo, Inger Damon, Ginny Emerson
Almost all cases of human rabies result from dog bites, making the elimination of canine rabies a global priority. During recent decades, many countries in the Western Hemisphere have carried out large-scale dog vaccination campaigns, controlled their free-ranging dog populations and enforced legislation for responsible pet ownership. This article reviews progress in eliminating canine rabies from the Western Hemisphere. After briefly summarizing the history of control efforts and describing the approaches listed above, we note that programs in some countries have been hindered by societal attitudes and severe economic disparities, which underlines the need to discuss measures that will be required to complete the elimination of canine rabies throughout the region...
July 2017: Antiviral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290915/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-regarding-rabies-risk-in-community-members-and-healthcare-professionals-p%C3%A3-tionville-haiti-2013
#17
N Fenelon, P Dely, M A Katz, N D Schaad, A Dismer, D Moran, F Laraque, R M Wallace
Haiti has the highest human rabies burden in the Western Hemisphere. There is no published literature describing the public's perceptions of rabies in Haiti, information that is critical to developing effective interventions and government policies. We conducted a knowledge, attitudes and practices survey of 550 community members and 116 health professionals in Pétionville, Haiti in 2013 to understand the perception of rabies in these populations. The majority of respondents (85%) knew that dogs were the primary reservoir for rabies, yet only 1% were aware that bats and mongooses could transmit rabies...
June 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089844/familial-cluster-of-exposure-to-a-confirmed-rabid-dog-in-travelers-to-algeria
#18
Sylvie Antwi, Philippe Parola, Doudou Sow, Victoria Sornin, Maxime Henrion, Philippe Gautret
A 10 person-family originating from Algeria traveled in rural Algeria for the purpose of visiting friends and relatives without seeking pre-travel advice, did not received pre-travel rabies immunization, and were exposed to a confirmed rabid dog including 8 within less than 4 days of arrival. Three received suckling mouse brain rabies vaccine although WHO strongly recommends that its production and administration be discontinued and seven received insufficient doses of equine rabies immune globulin abroad. Rabies treatment was completed on returning to France...
March 2017: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057047/effect-of-an-educational-intervention-on-knowledge-and-attitude-regarding-pharmacovigilance-and-consumer-pharmacovigilance-among-community-pharmacists-in-lalitpur-district-nepal
#19
Nisha Jha, Devendra Singh Rathore, Pathiyil Ravi Shankar, Shital Bhandary, Rabi Bushan Pandit, Sudesh Gyawali, Mohamed Alshakka
BACKGROUND: Pharmacovigilance activities are in a developing stage in Nepal. ADR reporting is mainly confined to healthcare professionals working in institutions recognized as regional pharmacovigilance centers. Community pharmacists could play an important role in pharmacovigilance. This study was conducted among community pharmacists in Lalitpur district to examine their knowledge and attitude about pharmacovigilance before and after an educational intervention. METHODS: Knowledge and attitude was studied before, immediately after and 6 weeks following the intervention among 75 community pharmacists...
January 3, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040481/estimating-the-intra-cluster-correlation-coefficient-for-evaluating-an-educational-intervention-program-to-improve-rabies-awareness-and-dog-bite-prevention-among-children-in-sikkim-india-a-pilot-study
#20
Aashima Auplish, Alison S Clarke, Trent Van Zanten, Kate Abel, Charmaine Tham, Thinlay N Bhutia, Colin R Wilks, Mark A Stevenson, Simon M Firestone
BACKGROUND: Educational initiatives targeting at-risk populations have long been recognized as a mainstay of ongoing rabies control efforts. Cluster-based studies are often utilized to assess levels of knowledge, attitudes and practices of a population in response to education campaigns. The design of cluster-based studies requires estimates of intra-cluster correlation coefficients obtained from previous studies. This study estimates the school-level intra-cluster correlation coefficient (ICC) for rabies knowledge change following an educational intervention program...
May 2017: Acta Tropica
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