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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918595/successful-pregnancy-in-a-ckd-patient-on-a-low-protein-supplemented-diet-an-opportunity-to-reflect-on-ckd-and-pregnancy-in-mexico-an-emerging-country
#1
Julia Nava, Silvia Moran, Veronica Figueroa, Adriana Salinas, Margy Lopez, Rocio Urbina, Abril Gutierrez, Jose Luis Lujan, Alejandra Orozco, Rafael Montufar, Giorgina B Piccoli
Pregnancy is probably the most important challenge in young women with chronic kidney disease (CKD). The challenge is greater in developing countries, in which access to dialysis is uneven, and prenatal care for CKD patients is not uniformly available. This case report summarizes some of the challenges faced by pregnant CKD women in a developing country. A 35-year-old woman, affected by an undiagnosed kidney disease, experienced preeclampsia at 24 years of age, and started dialysis in emergency at age 31 in the context of severe preeclampsia in her second pregnancy...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918581/concurrent-improvement-in-both-binge-eating-and-depressive-symptoms-with-naltrexone-bupropion-therapy-in-overweight-or-obese-subjects-with-major-depressive-disorder-in-an-open-label-uncontrolled-study
#2
Anna I Guerdjikova, Brandon Walsh, Kevin Shan, Amy E Halseth, Eduardo Dunayevich, Susan L McElroy
INTRODUCTION: Binge eating disorder (BED) is associated with obesity and major depressive disorder (MDD). Naltrexone extended-release (ER)/bupropion ER (NB) is approved as an adjunct to diet and physical activity for chronic weight management. In a prospectively designed 24-week open-label, single-arm, single-site trial of 25 women with MDD and overweight/obesity, NB reduced weight and depressive symptoms. METHODS: This post hoc analysis investigated the relationship between change in self-reported binge eating behavior (evaluated with the Binge Eating Scale [BES]) and changes in weight, control of eating, and depressive symptoms...
September 16, 2017: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918409/qualitative-interview-study-of-parents-perspectives-concerns-and-experiences-of-the-management-of-lower-respiratory-tract-infections-in-children-in-primary-care
#3
Amy Halls, Catherine Van't Hoff, Paul Little, Theo Verheij, Geraldine M Leydon
OBJECTIVE: To explore parents' perspectives, concerns and experiences of the management of lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) in children in primary care. DESIGN: Qualitative semistructured interview study. SETTING: UK primary care. PARTICIPANTS: 23 parents of children aged 6 months to 10 years presenting with LRTI in primary care. METHOD: Thematic analysis of semistructured interviews (either in person or by telephone) conducted with parents to explore their experiences and views on their children being prescribed antibiotics for LRTI...
September 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918307/an-application-of-bandura-s-four-sources-of-self-efficacy-to-the-self-management-of-type-2-diabetes-in-people-with-intellectual-disability-an-inductive-and-deductive-thematic-analysis
#4
Andrew Maine, Adele Dickson, Maria Truesdale, Michael Brown
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the successful experiences and positive perceptions of people with intellectual disabilities (ID) self-managing Type 2 Diabetes (T2D). This study sought to address this gap using Bandura's (1977) 'Four Sources of Self-Efficacy' as a framework of enquiry. METHOD: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 adults with ID. Interviews were recorded, transcribed verbatim and analysed using inductive and deductive thematic analysis RESULTS: Nine sub-themes were identified following analysis of the data: 1) Mastery through knowledge; 2) Mastery through tools and strategies; 3) Mastery through autonomy; 4) Influence of social setting; 5) Positive social comparisons; 6) Positive and negative self-statements; 7) Feedback from caregivers; 8) Adjustment experiences; 9) Symptom awareness...
September 14, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918240/contingency-management-treatment-in-cocaine-using-methadone-maintained-patients-with-and-without-legal-problems
#5
Meredith K Ginley, Carla J Rash, Todd A Olmstead, Nancy M Petry
BACKGROUND: Legal difficulties and cocaine use are prevalent in methadone maintenance patients, and they are related to one another, as well as to poor response to methadone treatment. Contingency management (CM) is efficacious for decreasing cocaine use, but the relation of CM treatment to criminal activities has rarely been studied. METHODS: This study evaluated whether baseline legal problems are related to subsequent substance use and illegal activities for cocaine using methadone maintained patients and whether CM differentially improves outcomes depending on baseline legal problems...
September 8, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917392/description-of-a-multi-university-education-and-collaborative-care-child-psychiatry-access-program-new-york-state-s-cap-pc
#6
D L Kaye, V Fornari, M Scharf, W Fremont, R Zuckerbrot, C Foley, T Hargrave, B A Smith, J Wallace, G Blakeslee, J Petras, S Sengupta, J Singarayer, A Cogswell, I Bhatia, P Jensen
OBJECTIVE: Although, child mental health problems are widespread, few get adequate treatment, and there is a severe shortage of child psychiatrists. To address this public health need many states have adopted collaborative care programs to assist primary care to better assess and manage pediatric mental health concerns. This report adds to the small literature on collaborative care programs and describes one large program that covers most of New York state. PROGRAM DESCRIPTION: CAP PC, a component program of New York State's Office of Mental Health (OMH) Project TEACH, has provided education and consultation support to primary care providers covering most of New York state since 2010...
September 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917244/dietary-patterns-and-sleep-parameters-in-a-cohort-of-community-dwelling-australian-men
#7
Yingting Cao, Anne W Taylor, Gary Wittert, Robert Adams, Zumin Shi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Emerging evidence suggests potential effects of nutrients/foods on sleep parameters. However, no studies have addressed the complex interactions among nutrients/foods and relate them to sleep outcomes. To investigate the associations between dietary patterns and sleep parameters (polysomnography (PSG) measured and self-reported sleep symptoms) in a large sample of community dwelling men in South Australia. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis was conducted of participants in the Men Androgen Inflammation Lifestyle Environment and Stress cohort enrolled in a sleep sub-study (n=784, age 35-80 years)...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916849/1000-consecutive-cases-of-laser-assisted-liposuction-utilizing-the-1440%C3%A2-nm-wavelength-nd-yag-laser-assessing-the-safety-and-efficacy
#8
Christopher T Chia, Mark G Albert, Sharon Del Vecchio, Spero J Theodorou
BACKGROUND: Liposuction remains one of the most popular aesthetic surgery procedures performed today, and it has undergone continuous refinements over the past four decades. Advancements in anesthesia, improvements in instrumentation, better understanding of fluid dynamics and the addition of energy to liposuction have led to better outcomes with improved safety and efficacy. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to review 1000 consecutive laser-assisted liposuction (LAL) cases utilizing the 1440 nm wavelength...
September 15, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916754/performance-based-ability-emotional-intelligence-benefits-working-memory-capacity-during-performance-on-hot-tasks
#9
María José Gutiérrez-Cobo, Rosario Cabello, Pablo Fernández-Berrocal
Emotional intelligence (EI) is the ability to perceive, use, understand, and regulate emotions. Higher scores on this ability measured through performance tests (but no through self-reports) appears to be related to better performance on "hot" (emotionally laden) cognitive tasks. However, there are relatively few studies concerning how EI may benefit the working memory capacity (WMC). Thus, the objective of this study is to analyse the relationship between EI (as measured through a performance-based ability test, a self-report mixed test, and a self-report ability test) and the WMC during the performance of hot and "cool" (i...
September 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916727/inflammatory-responses-induce-an-identity-crisis-of-alveolar-macrophages-leading-to-pulmonary-alveolar-proteinosis
#10
Risa Ebina-Shibuya, Mitsuyo Matsumoto, Makoto Kuwahara, Kyoung-Jin Jang, Manabu Sugai, Yoshiaki Ito, Ryo Funayama, Keiko Nakayama, Yuki Sato, Naoto Ishii, Yasunobu Okamura, Kengo Kinoshita, Kohei Kometani, Tomohiro Kurosaki, Akihiko Muto, Masakazu Ichinose, Masakatsu Yamashita, Kazuhiko Igarashi
Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) is a severe respiratory disease characterized by dyspnea caused by accumulation of surfactant protein. Dysfunction of alveolar macrophages (AMs), which regulate the homeostasis of surfactant protein, leads to the development of PAP, for example, in mice lacking BTB and CNC homology 2 (Bach2). However, how Bach2 helps prevent PAP is unknown, and cell-specific effects of Bach2 are undefined. Using mice lacking Bach2 in specific cell types, we found that the PAP-phenotype of Bach2-deficient mice is due to Bach2 deficiency in more than two types of immune cells...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916548/do-comorbidities-play-a-role-in-hand-osteoarthritis-disease-burden-data-from-the-hand-osteoarthritis-in-secondary-care-cohort
#11
Wendy Damman, Rani Liu, Féline P B Kroon, Monique Reijnierse, Tom W J Huizinga, Frits R Rosendaal, Margreet Kloppenburg
OBJECTIVE: Because the association and its clinical relevance between comorbidities and primary hand osteoarthritis (OA) disease burden is unclear, we studied this in patients with hand OA from our Hand OSTeoArthritis in Secondary care (HOSTAS) cohort. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from the HOSTAS study were used, including consecutive patients with primary hand OA. Nineteen comorbidities were assessed: 18 self-reported (modified Charlson index and osteoporosis) and obesity (body mass index ≥ 30 kg/m(2))...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916114/-scleritis-and-episcleritis
#12
REVIEW
E Héron, T Bourcier
Episcleritis is generally a benign disease with a self-limited course, while scleritis is a severe ocular condition due to a risk of impaired vision in one-fifth of patients and its association with systemic diseases in one third of them. Infectious scleritis, representing 8 % of the etiologies, is mainly of herpetic origin (varicella zoster and herpes simplex viruses). A systemic autoimmune disease is observed in roughly 30 % of scleritis patients: inflammatory rheumatisms (15 %), firstly rheumatoid polyarthritis, systemic vasculitides (8 %), mainly granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Wegener's) and polychondritis, and less often inflammatory bowel disease and systemic lupus erythematosus...
September 12, 2017: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914991/resistiveness-to-care-as-experienced-by-family-caregivers-providing-care-for-someone-with-dementia
#13
Pamela C Spigelmyer, Judith E Hupcey, Carol A Smith, Susan J Loeb, Lisa Kitko
PURPOSE: This research explored family caregivers' lived experiences of resistiveness to care when they provided care for people with dementia. The goal was to identify a general meaning of family caregivers' lived experiences to target potential areas for future nursing interventions to help family caregivers manage their caregiving role and provide a base for future research surrounding resistiveness to care. DESIGN: Descriptive phenomenology was used to provide descriptions of eight family caregivers who provided care for someone with dementia and experienced resistiveness to care...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914815/a-systematic-review-family-support-integrated-with-diabetes-self-management-among-uncontrolled-type-ii-diabetes-mellitus-patients
#14
REVIEW
Rian Adi Pamungkas, Kanittha Chamroonsawasdi, Paranee Vatanasomboon
The rate of type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) is dramatically increasing worldwide. Continuing diabetes mellitus (DM) care needs effective self-management education and support for both patients and family members. This study aimed to review and describe the impacts of diabetes mellitus self-management education (DSME) that involve family members on patient outcomes related to patient health behaviors and perceived self-efficacy on self-management such as medication adherence, blood glucose monitoring, diet and exercise changes, health outcomes including psychological well-being and self-efficacy, and physiological markers including body mass index, level of blood pressure, cholesterol level and glycemic control...
September 15, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914115/knowledge-attitudes-and-perspective-on-adverse-drug-reaction-reporting-in-a-public-sector-hospital-in-south-africa-baseline-analysis
#15
Antionette Terblanche, Johanna Catharina Meyer, Brian Godman, Robert Stanley Summers
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Adverse drug reactions (ADRs) can cause significant harm in patients; however, ADRs are under-reported in many countries, including South Africa, where evidence of a pharmacovigilance (PV) system to monitor and manage ADRs is a requirement for compliance with norms and standards for quality healthcare delivery. We conducted an analysis amongst health care professionals (HCPs) at Sebokeng Hospital to assess the situation there. METHODS: Data were collected using a structured self-administered questionnaire, targeting all medical practitioners, nurses, pharmacists and pharmacist assistants in the hospital...
September 15, 2017: Hospital Practice (Minneapolis)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914092/mental-health-professionals-suicide-risk-assessment-and-management-practices
#16
Jared F Roush, Sarah L Brown, Danielle R Jahn, Sean M Mitchell, Nathanael J Taylor, Paul Quinnett, Richard Ries
BACKGROUND: Approximately 20% of suicide decedents have had contact with a mental health professional within 1 month prior to their death, and the majority of mental health professionals have treated suicidal individuals. Despite limited evidence-based training, mental health professionals make important clinical decisions related to suicide risk assessment and management. AIMS: The current study aimed to determine the frequency of suicide risk assessment and management practices and the association between fear of suicide-related outcomes or comfort working with suicidal individuals and adequacy of suicide risk management decisions among mental health professionals...
September 15, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913825/a-nursing-intervention-increases-quality-of-life-and-self-efficacy-in-migraine-a-1-year-prospective-controlled-trial
#17
Elizabeth Leroux, Line Beaudet, Guy Boudreau, Marzieh Eghtesadi, Luc Marchand, Heather Pim, Miguel Chagnon
OBJECTIVES: To compare the impact of a combined nursing and medical approach to a medical follow-up only on headache outcomes, quality of life, and self-efficacy in a cohort of migraineurs. BACKGROUND: Interdisciplinary approaches have been proposed for migraine management. A nursing intervention could improve patient outcomes. METHODS: We prospectively studied new patients referred to our tertiary headache center for migraine. The control group was followed by a physician; the active group was also followed by a nurse with a personalized intervention including adaptation of the lifestyle...
September 15, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913822/improved-glycemic-control-in-a-patient-group-performing-7-point-profile-self-monitoring-of-blood-glucose-and-intensive-data-documentation-an-open-label-multicenter-observational-study
#18
Jochen Sieber, Frank Flacke, Manuela Link, Cornelia Haug, Guido Freckmann
INTRODUCTION: Regular self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) is recommended as an integral part of therapy for all patients with diabetes treated with insulin. In the current study, the effects on glycemic control of taking 7-point SMBG profiles and using a diabetes management system (DMA) on a smartphone were investigated. METHODS: In a 12-week, open-label, multicenter, observational study, 51 patients [26 with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and 25 with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM)] were instructed to perform SMBG at least seven times a day using DMA combined with the iBGStar (®) SMBG system...
September 14, 2017: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913681/calculation-of-intercepted-runoff-depth-based-on-stormwater-quality-and-environmental-capacity-of-receiving-waters-for-initial-stormwater-pollution-management
#19
Hai-Qin Peng, Yan Liu, Xue-Long Gao, Hong-Wu Wang, Yi Chen, Hui-Yi Cai
While point source pollutions have gradually been controlled in recent years, the non-point source pollution problem has become increasingly prominent. The receiving waters are frequently polluted by the initial stormwater from the separate stormwater system and the wastewater from sewage pipes through stormwater pipes. Consequently, calculating the intercepted runoff depth has become a problem that must be resolved immediately for initial stormwater pollution management. The accurate calculation of intercepted runoff depth provides a solid foundation for selecting the appropriate size of intercepting facilities in drainage and interception projects...
September 14, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913595/health-professionals-make-their-choice-pharmaceutical-industry-leaders-understandings-of-conflict-of-interest
#20
Quinn Grundy, Lisa Tierney, Christopher Mayes, Wendy Lipworth
Conflicts of interest, stemming from relationships between health professionals and the pharmaceutical industry, remain a highly divisive and inflammatory issue in healthcare. Given that most jurisdictions rely on industry to self-regulate with respect to its interactions with health professionals, it is surprising that little research has explored industry leaders' understandings of conflicts of interest. Drawing from in-depth interviews with ten pharmaceutical industry leaders based in Australia, we explore the normalized and structural management of conflicts of interest within pharmaceutical companies...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
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