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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161758/young-athletes-health-knowledge-system-qualitative-analysis-of-health-learning-processes-in-adolescent-sportspersons
#1
Laura I Rodríguez-Serrano, Toomas Timpka, Joakim Ekberg, Örjan Dahlström, Jenny Jacobsson
Recognized side effects on health associated with sports participation in youth include overtraining, doping, and exposure to harassment and violence. Many of these effects originate in contexts where young athletes are beginning to make decisions about their sports practices on their own. This study set out to explore knowledge and reasoning about health among adolescent athletes and to describe how health knowledge management structures are associated with different social systems. Qualitative data were collected from focus groups involving 65 young Swedish athletes aged 16 to 17 years...
November 21, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161528/changes-in-speech-language-pathology-students-attitudes-toward-breastfeeding-during-a-pediatric-dysphagia-course
#2
Jamie Mahurin-Smith
BACKGROUND: Speech-language pathologists provide infant feeding assessment and intervention; their training in breastfeeding management is highly variable. Research aim: The purpose of this study was to evaluate student attitudes toward breastfeeding and self-identified factors in attitude change. METHODS: Before and after their course in pediatric dysphagia, two cohorts of graduate students in speech-language pathology ( N = 36) completed an assignment designed to capture qualitative and quantitative data on changes in their attitudes toward breastfeeding...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161471/peer-to-peer-mentoring-for-african-american-women-with-lupus-a-feasibility-pilot
#3
Edith M Williams, J Madison Hyer, Ramakrishnan Viswanathan, Trevor D Faith, Delia Voronca, Mulugeta Gebregzaibher, Jim C Oates, Leonard Egede
OBJECTIVE: To examine the feasibility and potential benefits of peer mentoring to improve the disease self-management and quality of life of individuals with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: Peer mentors were trained and paired with up to three mentees to receive self-management education and support by telephone over 12 weeks. This study took place at an academic teaching hospital in Charleston, South Carolina. Seven quads consisting of one peer mentor and three mentees were matched based on factors such as age, area of residence, marital and work status...
November 21, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161395/postoperative-cognitive-dysfunction-and-dementia-what-we-need-to-know-and-do
#4
M J Needham, C E Webb, D C Bryden
Approximately 12% of apparently previously cognitively well patients undergoing anaesthesia and noncardiac surgery will develop symptoms of cognitive dysfunction after their procedure. Recent articles in this Journal have highlighted the difficulties of confirming any clear links between anaesthesia and cognitive dysfunction, in part because of the lack of consistency regarding definition and diagnosis. Postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) is usually self-limiting and rarely persists in the longer term, although plausible biological mechanisms for an impact on brain protein deposition do exist...
December 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161218/the-impact-of-dementia-on-relationships-intimacy-and-sexuality-in-later-life-couples-an-integrative-qualitative-analysis-of-existing-literature
#5
Kristen Holdsworth, Marita McCabe
OBJECTIVES: The onset and progression of dementia can have a profound effect on the couple dyad. The aim of this systematic review was to analyze the literature investigating the impact of dementia on the relationships, intimacy, and sexuality in older couples. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted in May 2016 for relevant research articles. Five databases were searched: Web of Science, PsycINFO, MedLine, Scopus and CINAHL. The reference lists of articles included in the review were screened along with the reference list of other relevant reviews...
September 15, 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161212/positive-affect-as-a-predictor-of-smoking-cessation-and-relapse-does-it-offer-unique-predictive-value-among-depressive-symptom-domains
#6
Jaimee L Heffner, Kristin E Mull, Jennifer B McClure, Jonathan B Bricker
BACKGROUND: Prior studies have suggested that, among the domains of depressive symptoms, low positive affect (PA) may have a distinct relationship with smoking cessation and relapse. However, the empirical basis for PA-focused interventions cessation is limited, with some mixed findings. OBJECTIVES: Using a large, diverse sample of treatment-seeking smokers, this study tested the hypothesis that PA adds unique predictive value beyond the effects of the other symptom domains in models of cessation and relapse...
November 21, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161193/infectious-disease-and-imperfections-of-self-image
#7
Joshua M Ackerman, Joshua M Tybur, Chad R Mortensen
Infectious disease is an ever-present threat in daily life. Recent literature indicates that people manage this threat with a suite of antipathogenic psychological and behavioral defense mechanisms, which motivate the avoidance of people and objects bearing cues to pathogen risk. Here, we demonstrate that self-image is also impacted by these mechanisms. In seven studies, pathogen cues led individuals chronically averse to germs to express greater concern about their own physical appearance. Correspondingly, these people exhibited behavioral intentions and decisions intended to conceal or improve their appearance, such as purchasing facial products, taking pharmaceuticals, and undergoing cosmetic surgery...
November 1, 2017: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160967/holistic-care-of-hemodialysis-access-in-patients-with-kidney-failure
#8
Michael V Bueno, Christine L Latham
Kidney failure requiring hemodialysis is a chronic illness that has physical, psychosocial, and financial consequences. Patients with kidney failure receiving hemodialysis need a renewed focus on self-care, prevention, and community-based health management to reduce healthcare costs and complications, and improve outcomes and quality of life, while living with an altered lifestyle. A holistic chronic care model was applied as a guideline for healthcare professionals involved with this population to more effectively engage people with kidney failure in their management of their hemodialysis access...
July 2017: Nephrology Nursing Journal: Journal of the American Nephrology Nurses' Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160603/relationship-between-self-reported-cognitive-difficulties-objective-neuropsychological-test-performance-and-psychological-distress-in-chronic-pain
#9
K S Baker, S J Gibson, N Georgiou-Karistianis, M J Giummarra
BACKGROUND: Persons with chronic pain often report problems with cognitive abilities, such as memory or attention. There is limited understanding of whether objective performance is consistent with subjective reports, and how psychological factors contribute. We aimed to investigate these relationships in a group of patients expressing cognitive concerns, and evaluate the utility of self-report tools for pain management settings. METHOD: Participants with chronic pain (n = 41) completed standardized neuropsychological tests, and self-report measures of cognitive functioning, pain, mood and sleep, as part of a broader study investigating cognitive performance in pain...
November 21, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160599/models-of-care-for-chronic-kidney-disease-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Ruairidh Nicoll, Lynn Robertson, Elliot Gemmell, Pawana Sharma, Corri Black, Angharad Marks
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is common and presents an increasing burden to patients and health services. However, the optimal model of care for patients with CKD is unclear. We systematically reviewed the clinical effectiveness of different models of care for the management of CKD. A comprehensive search of eight databases was undertaken for articles published from 1992 to 2016. We included randomised controlled trials which assessed any model of care in the management of adults with pre-dialysis CKD, reporting renal, cardiovascular, mortality and other outcomes...
November 21, 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160597/effects-of-a-psychosocial-intervention-programme-combined-with-exercise-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-with-chronic-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
T Hirase, H Kataoka, J Nakano, S Inokuchi, J Sakamoto, M Okita
BACKGROUND: Although researchers have recommended exercise training and psychosocial intervention to manage chronic pain, an effective intervention for Japanese community-dwelling older adults with chronic pain has not been established. This randomized controlled trial examined whether exercise training combined with psychosocial intervention more effectively improves pain, psychological status and physical activity than does exercise training alone in this population. METHODS: We randomized 128 older adults with chronic pain to either an intervention group (n = 64) involving exercise training combined with psychosocial intervention, or a control group (n = 64) involving only exercise training...
November 21, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160157/social-support-self-rated-health-and-low-mood-in-people-on-sick-leave-due-to-heart-failure-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Lena Nordgren, Anne Söderlund
AIMS: The aim of this study was to investigate social support in relation to self-rated health and the prevalence of low mood in people on sick leave due to heart failure. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was used, and 590 individuals on sick leave due to heart failure in Sweden responded to the postal questionnaire. The questions therein concerned received and needed functional and structural support from managers, work colleagues, families and friends. Multivariate analyses were conducted...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160007/identification-of-factors-contributing-to-successful-self-directed-weight-loss-a-qualitative-study
#13
N Rafiei, T Gill
BACKGROUND: Despite the number of weight management programmes and their wide promotion, most overweight and obese individuals tend to lose weight on their own. The present study aimed to understand the characteristics and strategies of those who successfully engage in self-directed weight loss, which could empower other overweight and obese individuals with information and strategies to manage their weight on their own. METHODS: Men and women who had lost at least 5% of their body weight without direct interaction with professionals or weight management programmes were recruited...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159407/association-of-salivary-microrna-changes-with-prolonged-concussion-symptoms
#14
Jeremiah J Johnson, Andrea C Loeffert, Jennifer Stokes, Robert P Olympia, Harry Bramley, Steven D Hicks
Importance: Approximately one-third of children who experience a concussion develop prolonged concussion symptoms. To our knowledge, there are currently no objective or easily administered tests for predicting prolonged concussion symptoms. Several studies have identified alterations in epigenetic molecules known as microRNAs (miRNAs) following traumatic brain injury. No studies have examined whether miRNA expression can detect prolonged concussion symptoms. Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of salivary miRNAs for identifying children with concussion who are at risk for prolonged symptoms...
November 20, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158543/genetic-predisposition-to-obesity-restrained-eating-and-changes-in-body-weight-a-population-based-prospective-study
#15
H Konttinen, C Llewellyn, K Silventoinen, A Joensuu, S Männistö, V Salomaa, P Jousilahti, J Kaprio, M Perola, A Haukkala
OBJECTIVES: There is no consensus on whether cognitive control over food intake (i.e. restrained eating) is helpful, merely ineffective or actually harmful in weight management. We examined the interplay between genetic risk of obesity, restrained eating and changes in body weight and size. METHODS: Participants were Finnish 25- to 74-year-olds who attended the DILGOM study at baseline in 2007 and follow-up in 2014. At baseline (n=5024), height, weight and waist circumference (WC) were measured in a health examination and participants self-reported their weight at age 20 years...
November 21, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157691/nonoperative-management-of-appendicitis-a-paradigm-shift-answers-to-the-july-2017-journal-club-questions
#16
Callie M Thompson, Wesley H Self, Tyler W Barrett
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157371/australian-horse-owners-and-their-biosecurity-practices-in-the-context-of-hendra-virus
#17
Anke K Wiethoelter, Nicole Schembri, Navneet K Dhand, Kate Sawford, Melanie R Taylor, Barbara Moloney, Therese Wright, Nina Kung, Hume E Field, Jenny-Ann L M L Toribio
In recent years, outbreaks of exotic as well as newly emerging infectious diseases have highlighted the importance of biosecurity for the Australian horse industry. As the first potentially fatal zoonosis transmissible from horses to humans in Australia, Hendra virus has emphasised the need to incorporate sound hygiene and general biosecurity practices into day-to-day horse management. Recommended measures are widely publicised, but implementation is at the discretion of the individual owner. This cross-sectional study aimed to determine current levels of biosecurity of horse owners and to identify factors influencing the uptake of practices utilising data from an online survey...
December 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157321/patient-perception-matters-in-weight-management
#18
Ivana T Croghan, Jill M Huber, Ryan T Hurt, Darrell R Schroeder, Mark L Wieland, Lila J Rutten, Jon O Ebbert
In a survey of 471 patients, we collected self-reported weight and height data and asked about self-perceptions of provider support toward weight loss and other weight management concerns. Multivariable analysis found that respondents with higher body mass index (BMI) were more likely to report that a physician had told them that they were overweight (OR=3.49, 95% CI 2.06-5.89, P<0.001). However, this conversation was less likely to change their personal view of their weight (OR=0.62 per 5 kg/m2, 95% CI 0...
November 21, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157232/implementation-of-an-interprofessional-team-based-learning-program-involving-seven-undergraduate-health-and-social-care-programs-from-two-universities-and-students-evaluation-of-their-readiness-for-interprofessional-learning
#19
Lap Ki Chan, Fraide Ganotice, Frances Kam Yuet Wong, Chak Sing Lau, Susan M Bridges, Celia Hoi Yan Chan, Namkiu Chan, Phoebe Wing Lam Chan, Hai Yong Chen, Julie Yun Chen, Jody Kwok Pui Chu, Charlene C Ho, Jacqueline Mei Chi Ho, Tai Pong Lam, Veronica Suk Fun Lam, Qingyun Li, Jian Gang Shen, Julian Alexander Tanner, Winnie Wan Yee Tso, Arkers Kwan Ching Wong, Gordon Tin Chun Wong, Janet Yuen Ha Wong, Nai Sum Wong, Alan Worsley, Lei King Yu, Tin Pui Yum
BACKGROUND: Interprofessional learning is gaining momentum in revolutionizing healthcare education. During the academic year 2015/16, seven undergraduate-entry health and social care programs from two universities in Hong Kong took part in an interprofessional education program. Based on considerations such as the large number of students involved and the need to incorporate adult learning principles, team-based learning was adopted as the pedagogy for the program, which was therefore called the interprofessional team-based learning program (IPTBL)...
November 21, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157038/applying-u-s-national-guidelines-for-ototoxicity-monitoring-in-adult-patients-perspectives-on-patient-populations-service-gaps-barriers-and-solutions
#20
Dawn Konrad-Martin, Gayla L Poling, Angela C Garinis, Candice E Ortiz, Jennifer Hopper, Keri O'Connell Bennett, Marilyn F Dille
OBJECTIVES: To promote establishment of effective ototoxicity monitoring programs (OMPs), this report reviews the U.S. national audiology guidelines in relation to "real world" OMP application. Background is provided on the mechanisms, risks and clinical presentation of hearing loss associated with major classes of ototoxic medications. DESIGN: This is a non-systematic review using PubMed, national and international agency websites, personal communications between ototoxicity experts, and results of unpublished research...
November 20, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
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