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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423374/hyperbaric-oxygen-therapy-as-adjuvant-treatment-for-idiopathic-sudden-sensorineural-hearing-loss-after-failure-of-systemic-steroids
#1
Seiji Hosokawa, Ken-Ichi Sugiyama, Goro Takahashi, Yu-Ichi Hashimoto, Kumiko Hosokawa, Satoru Takebayashi, Hiroyuki Mineta
We evaluated the outcomes of and prognostic factors for idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSNHL) treated with adjuvant hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT). A retrospective review of clinical data was performed for 167 patients with ISSNHL who failed to respond to systemic steroids and were treated by adjuvant HBOT at Shizuoka Saiseikai General Hospital. We analysed the clinical outcomes, the averaged 5-frequency hearing level after systemic steroids, patient age, the interval between post-steroids and pre-HBOT, vertigo as a complication, the presence of diabetes mellitus, smoking history, and hypertension...
April 20, 2017: Audiology & Neuro-otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422030/analysis-of-hearing-and-tinnitus-in-workers-exposed-to-occupational-noise
#2
Marlene Escher Boger, André Luiz Lopes Sampaio, Carlos Augusto Costa Pires de Oliveira
INTRODUCTION: Noise is one of the harmful agents to health that is present in the various branches of economic activity. Hearing loss and tinnitus are among the most frequently reported complaints by workers exposed to occupational noise. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the hearing and tinnitus in normal-hearing workers exposed to occupational noise. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional analytical trial in metallurgical industries, in which we evaluated normal-hearing workers through anamnesis, audiometry and otoacoustic emissions...
April 19, 2017: International Tinnitus Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409393/stereotactic-radiosurgery-vs-fractionated-radiotherapy-for-tumor-control-in-vestibular-schwannoma-patients-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Oscar Persson, Jiri Bartek, Netanel Ben Shalom, Theresa Wangerid, Asgeir Store Jakola, Petter Förander
OBJECTIVE: Repeated controlled studies have revealed that stereotactic radiosurgery is better than microsurgery for patients with vestibular schwannoma (VS) <3 cm in need of intervention. In this systematic review we aimed to compare results from single-fraction stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) to fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy (FSRT) for patients with VS. DATA SOURCES AND ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: We systematically searched MEDLINE, Web of Science, Embase and Cochrane and screened relevant articles for references...
April 13, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365219/study-of-the-efficacy-of-melatonin-for-auditory-brainstem-response-abr-testing-in-children
#4
L Casteil, A Viquesnel, V Favier, N Guignard, C Blanchet, M Mondain
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of oral melatonin to induce sedation (natural sleep) while measuring auditory brainstem responses (ABR) in children with suspected hearing loss by calculating the ABR success rate with the use of melatonin, the percentage of children in whom sleep was induced by melatonin and the time required to perform complete ABR testing. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-nine children aged 1 to 6 years were included in this prospective study...
March 29, 2017: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353620/electrode-array-displacement-into-the-fallopian-canal-in-revisions-of-long-standing-cochlear-implants
#5
Jennifer Alyono, Garrett Locketz, Carleton Eduardo Corrales, Nikolas H Blevins
OBJECTIVE: To describe extracochlear extension of revision cochlear implant arrays into the Fallopian canal. PATIENTS: Two adult patients with extension of revision cochlear implant arrays into the Fallopian canal. INTERVENTIONS: Computed tomography (CT), selective deactivation of non-functional electrodes. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Facial nerve function, facial nerve stimulation, cochlear implant electrode position, radiography, functional hearing...
March 28, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332767/bcap31-associated-encephalopathy-and-complex-movement-disorder-mimicking-mitochondrial-encephalopathy
#6
Saleh Albanyan, Amal Al Teneiji, Nasim Monfared, Saadet Mercimek-Mahmutoglu
BCAP31, encoded by BCAP31, is involved in the export of transmembrane proteins from the endoplasmic reticulum. Pathogenic variants in BCAP31 results in global developmental delay, dystonia, deafness and dysmorphic features in males, called deafness, dystonia, and cerebral hypomyelination (DDCH) syndrome. We report a new patient with BCAP3-associated encephalopathy, DDCH syndrome, sensorineural hearing loss, generalized dystonia, and choreoathetosis. This 3.5-year-old boy had microcephaly and failure to thrive within the first 3 months of life...
March 23, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290919/intratympanic-methylprednisolone-perfusion-as-a-salvage-treatment-for-profound-idiopathic-sudden-sensorineural-hearing-loss
#7
Y Dai, L Lu, J Hou, X Yang, H Li, Y Yang, W She
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the effectiveness of intratympanic methylprednisolone perfusion as salvage treatment for profound idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss. METHODS: A retrospective clinical study of 97 patients with unilateral profound idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss was performed. In all, 83 patients who received salvage intratympanic methylprednisolone perfusion plus conventional treatment (except for steroids) as the second-line therapy were assigned to the study group, while 14 patients who received conventional treatment alone were assigned to the comparison group...
May 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289595/case-report-of-a-novel-mutation-of-the-eya1-gene-in-a-patient-with-branchio-oto-renal-syndrome
#8
L Spahiu, B Merovci, V Ismaili Jaha, A Batalli Këpuska, H Jashari
Branchio-oto-renal (BOR) syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by the coexistence of branchial cysts or fistulae, external ear malformation with pre-auricular pits or tags, hearing impairment and renal malformations. However, the presence of the main features varies in affected families. Here, we present a 16-year-old boy admitted to the Department of Nephrology at the Pediatric Clinic, University Clinical Center of Kosovo, Pristina, Republic of Kosovo because of severe renal insufficiency diagnosed 6 years ago, which progressed to end-stage renal failure...
December 1, 2016: Balkan Journal of Medical Genetics: BJMG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282000/the-fundamentals-of-resident-dismissal
#9
Paul J Schenarts, Sean Langenfeld
Residents have the rights and responsibilities of both students and employees. Dismissal of a resident from a training program is traumatic and has lasting repercussions for the program director, the faculty, the dismissed resident, and the residency. A review of English language literature was performed using PUBMED and OVID databases, using the search terms, resident dismissal, resident termination, student dismissal, student and resident evaluation, legal aspects of education, and remediation. The references of each publication were also reviewed to identify additional appropriate citations...
February 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265044/clinical-reasoning-a-young-woman-with-respiratory-failure-hearing-loss-and-paraplegia
#10
Achilles Ntranos, Hazem Shoirah, Mandip S Dhamoon, David Hahn, Thomas P Naidich, Susan Shin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 7, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264724/radiotherapy-with-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-versus-concurrent-chemoradiotherapy-for-ascending-type-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-a-retrospective-comparison-of-toxicity-and-prognosis
#11
Ji-Jin Yao, Xiao-Li Yu, Fan Zhang, Wang-Jian Zhang, Guan-Qun Zhou, Ling-Long Tang, Yan-Ping Mao, Lei Chen, Jun Ma, Ying Sun
BACKGROUND: In the era of intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT), the role of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) in treating ascending-type nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is under-evaluated. This study was to compare the efficacy of NACT followed by IMRT (NACT + RT) with the efficacy of concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) on ascending-type NPC. METHODS: Clinical data of 214 patients with ascending-type NPC treated with NACT + RT or CCRT between December 2009 and July 2011 were analyzed...
March 6, 2017: Chinese Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257692/a-ribosomopathy-reveals-decoding-defective-ribosomes-driving-human-dysmorphism
#12
Nahuel A Paolini, Martin Attwood, Samuel B Sondalle, Carolina Marques Dos Santos Vieira, Anita M van Adrichem, Franca M di Summa, Marie-Françoise O'Donohue, Pierre-Emmanuel Gleizes, Swaksha Rachuri, Joseph W Briggs, Roman Fischer, Peter J Ratcliffe, Marcin W Wlodarski, Riekelt H Houtkooper, Marieke von Lindern, Taco W Kuijpers, Jonathan D Dinman, Susan J Baserga, Matthew E Cockman, Alyson W MacInnes
Ribosomal protein (RP) gene mutations, mostly associated with inherited or acquired bone marrow failure, are believed to drive disease by slowing the rate of protein synthesis. Here de novo missense mutations in the RPS23 gene, which codes for uS12, are reported in two unrelated individuals with microcephaly, hearing loss, and overlapping dysmorphic features. One individual additionally presents with intellectual disability and autism spectrum disorder. The amino acid substitutions lie in two highly conserved loop regions of uS12 with known roles in maintaining the accuracy of mRNA codon translation...
March 2, 2017: American Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253865/measurement-properties-of-the-eq-5d-across-four-major-geriatric-conditions-findings-from-topics-mds
#13
Jennifer E Lutomski, Paul F M Krabbe, Nienke Bleijenberg, Jeanett Blom, Gertrudis I J M Kempen, Janet MacNeil-Vroomen, Maaike E Muntinga, Ewout Steyerburg, Marcel G M Olde-Rikkert, René J F Melis
BACKGROUND: As populations age, chronic geriatric conditions linked to progressive organ failure jeopardize health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Thus, this research assessed the validity and applicability of the EQ-5D (a common HRQoL instrument) across four major chronic geriatric conditions: hearing issues, joint damage, urinary incontinence, or dizziness with falls. METHODS: The study sample comprised 25,637 community-dwelling persons aged 65 years and older residing in the Netherlands (Data source: TOPICS-MDS, www...
March 3, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241196/sensitivity-to-morphosyntactic-information-in-3-year-old-children-with-typical-language-development-a-feasibility-study
#14
Patricia Deevy, Laurence B Leonard, Virginia A Marchman
Purpose: This study tested the feasibility of a method designed to assess children's sensitivity to tense/agreement information in fronted auxiliaries during online comprehension of questions (e.g., Are the nice little dogs running?). We expected that a group of children who were proficient in auxiliary use would show this sensitivity, indicating an awareness of the relation between the subject-verb sequence (e.g., dogs running) and preceding information (e.g., are). Failure to grasp this relation is proposed to play a role in the protracted inconsistency in auxiliary use in children with specific language impairment (SLI)...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236514/familial-hematuria-a-review
#15
REVIEW
Pavlína Plevová, Josef Gut, Jan Janda
The most frequent cause of familial glomerular hematuria is thin basement membrane nephropathy (TBMN) caused by germline COL4A3 or COL4A4 gene mutations. Less frequent but important cause with respect to morbidity is Alport syndrome caused by germline COL4A5 gene mutations. The features of Alport syndrome include hematuria, proteinuria and all males with X-linked disease and all individuals with recessive disease will develop end stage renal disease, usually at early youth. In X-linked Alport syndrome, a clear genotype-phenotype correlation is typically observed in men...
2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228197/the-fundamentals-of-resident-dismissal
#16
REVIEW
Paul J Schenarts, Sean Langenfeld
Residents have the rights and responsibilities of both students and employees. Dismissal of a resident from a training program is traumatic and has lasting repercussions for the program director, the faculty, the dismissed resident, and the residency. A review of English language literature was performed using PUBMED and OVID databases, using the search terms, resident dismissal, resident termination, student dismissal, student and resident evaluation, legal aspects of education, and remediation. The references of each publication were also reviewed to identify additional appropriate citations...
February 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212161/hearing-impairment-and-the-amelioration-of-avoidable-medical-error-a-cross-sectional-survey
#17
Patrick Henn, Colm OʼTuathaigh, Darrelle Keegan, Simon Smith
OBJECTIVES: Hearing loss contributes to suboptimal medical treatment. We investigated the nature and magnitude of potential health-care harm of hearing loss alone on a patient's understanding of medical consultations, investigations, and treatments of health conditions unrelated to their hearing loss. METHODS: A cross-sectional, questionnaire-based design of a convenience sample of students with hearing loss, registered with the institutional disability support service in 8 Irish and 15 UK third-level institutions...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106625/long-term-hearing-results-after-ossiculoplasty
#18
Matthew D Cox, Aaron Trinidade, James Shep Russell, John L Dornhoffer
OBJECTIVES: To determine if the OOPS index is predictive of long-term hearing results after ossiculoplasty. STUDY DESIGN: Case series with retrospective chart review. SETTING: Tertiary care otology practice. PATIENTS: Adult and pediatric patients (3-88 years of age). INTERVENTIONS: Ossiculoplasty with cartilage tympanoplasty, with or without mastoidectomy. OUTCOME MEASURES: Primary outcome measures included short-term hearing results (pure-tone average air-bone gap [PTA-ABG] measured between 60 days and 1 year after surgery), long-term hearing results (PTA-ABG measured ≥5 years after surgery), and the rate of successful ABG closure to ≤20 dB...
April 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095295/hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-corrects-osteopetrosis-in-a-child-carrying-a-novel-homozygous-mutation-in-the-fermt3-gene
#19
Eleonora Palagano, Mary A Slatter, Paolo Uva, Ciro Menale, Anna Villa, Mario Abinun, Cristina Sobacchi
Osteopetrosis (OPT) is a rare skeletal disorder with phenotypic and genotypic heterogeneity: a variety of clinical features besides the bony defect may be present, and at least ten different genes are known to be involved in the disease pathogenesis. In the framework of this heterogeneity, we report the clinical description of a neonate, first child of consanguineous parents, who had osteoclast-rich osteopetrosis and bone marrow failure in early life, but no other usual classical features of infantile malignant OPT, such as visual or hearing impairments...
January 14, 2017: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092097/complications-and-parent-satisfaction-in-pediatric-osseointegrated-bone-conduction-hearing-implants
#20
Kenny H Chan, Dexiang Gao, Emily L Jensen, Gregory C Allen, Stephen P Cass
OBJECTIVE: To assess long-term complication rate and parental satisfaction of osseointegrated bone conduction hearing implants (OBCHIs). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review of children undergoing OBCHIs. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of children undergoing OBCHIs for the treatment of conductive, mixed, and single-sided sensorineural hearing loss in children. RESULTS: Forty-five subjects were identified with 0...
January 16, 2017: Laryngoscope
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