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Sexual functioning

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737761/glutamate-receptor-like-channels-are-essential-for-chemotaxis-and-reproduction-in-mosses
#1
Carlos Ortiz-Ramírez, Erwan Michard, Alexander A Simon, Daniel S C Damineli, Marcela Hernández-Coronado, Jörg D Becker, José A Feijó
Glutamate receptors are well characterized channels that mediate cell-to-cell communication during neurotransmission in animals. Nevertheless, information regarding their functional role in organisms without nervous systems is still limited. In plants, Glutamate Receptor-like (GLR) genes have been implicated in defence against pathogens, reproduction, control of stomata aperture and light signal transduction(1-5). However, the numerous GLR genes present in angiosperm genomes (20 to 70)(6) has prevented the observation of strong phenotypes in loss-of-function mutants...
July 24, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737361/-sex-education-in-tunisia-students%C3%A2-%C3%A2-expectations-and-teachers%C3%A2-conceptions
#2
Sameh Hrairi
Health education, as defined by the World Health Organization (WHO 1983), includes sex education. In Tunisia, there is a growing interest in sexuality issues, in contrast with the reigning conservative culture, challenging the taboos and restrictions imposed by religion. A global sex education strategy is therefore required in Tunisian in schools to help students understand their body and its biological functions, construct a real sexual identity and adopt behaviours that promote a healthy and low-risk lifestyle...
July 10, 2017: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735767/measuring-participation-in-chronic-back-pain-patients-the-5-item-pain-disability-index
#3
Ashley B McKillop, Linda J Carroll, Bruce D Dick, Michele C Battié
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Of the three broad outcome domains of body functions and structures, activities, and participation (e.g., engaging in valued social roles) outlined in the World Health Organization's (WHO) International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF), it has been argued that participation is the most important to individuals, particularly those with chronic health problems. Yet, participation is not commonly measured in back pain research. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the construct validity of a modified 5-Item Pain Disability Index (PDI) score as a measure of participation in people with chronic back pain...
July 20, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735698/childhood-predictors-of-adult-functional-outcomes-in-the-multimodal-treatment-study-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-mta
#4
Arunima Roy, Lily Hechtman, L Eugene Arnold, James M Swanson, Brooke S G Molina, Margaret H Sibley, Andrea L Howard
OBJECTIVE: Recent results from the Multimodal Treatment Study of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD; MTA) have demonstrated impairments in several functioning domains in adults with childhood ADHD. The childhood predictors of these adult functional outcomes are not adequately understood. The objective of the present study was to determine the effects of childhood demographic, clinical, and family factors on adult functional outcomes in individuals with and without childhood ADHD from the MTA cohort...
August 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734706/emerging-minimally-invasive-treatment-options-for-male-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms
#5
REVIEW
Giuseppe Magistro, Christopher R Chapple, Mostafa Elhilali, Peter Gilling, Kevin T McVary, Claus G Roehrborn, Christian G Stief, Henry H Woo, Christian Gratzke
CONTEXT: Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) are one of the most common and troublesome nonmalignant conditions affecting quality of life in aging men. A spectrum of established medical and surgical options is available to provide relief of bothersome LUTS. Both the adverse events of medication and the morbidity with surgical treatment modalities have to be counterbalanced against efficacy. Novel minimally invasive treatment options aim to be effective, ideally to be performed in an ambulatory setting under local anaesthesia and to offer a more favourable safety profile than existing reference techniques...
July 19, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733567/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-erectile-dysfunction-in-male-patients-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-in-a-teaching-hospital-in-west-malaysia
#6
A Enoma, S M Ching, F K Hoo, S F S Omar
INTRODUCTION: Erectile dysfunction (ED) has been associated with the treatment of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and chronic diseases. Sexual dysfunction data of male patients infected with HIV are still scarce in Malaysia, and ED appears to be under-reported. Therefore, this study aims to determine the prevalence and predictors of ED among male HIV patients at the University Malaya Medical Centre. METHODS: A cross sectional study was conducted among male HIV patients on antiretroviral therapy (ART) attending the outpatient clinic of a teaching hospital in Malaysia...
June 2017: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731489/sexual-health-adherence-to-mediterranean-diet-body-weight-physical-activity-and-mental-state-factors-correlated-to-each-other
#7
Pier A Della Camera, Simone Morselli, Gianmartin Cito, Giovanni Tasso, Andrea Cocci, Nicola Laruccia, Fabrizio Travaglini, Dario Del Fabbro, Antonio R Mottola, Mauro Gacci, Sergio Serni, Marco Carini, Alessandro Natali
INTRODUCTION: Mediterranean diet has shown a protective role against cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer onset, microvascular damage and dementia in many trials. Our purpose is the assessment of a correlation between physical activity, Mediterranean diet, body mass index (BMI), depression and erection disorder (ED). METHODS: After having signed disclaimer to the study participation, we administered the IIEF 15 questionnaire (International Index of Erectil Function), the Hamilton questionnaire for major depression, the Med-Diet Questionnaire, the Ipaq Questionnaire (International Index of Physical Activity) to 245 patients and calculated the BMI...
July 14, 2017: Urologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729918/white-matter-sexual-dimorphism-of-the-adult-human-brain
#8
Ali K Bourisly, Grace Gejo, Abrar A Hayat, Lamya Alsarraf, Fatima M Dashti, Margherita Di Paola
Sex-biased psychophysiology, behavior, brain function, and conditions are extensive, yet underlying structural brain mechanisms remain unclear. There is contradicting evidence regarding sexual dimorphism when it comes to brain structure, and there is still no consensus on whether or not there exists such a dimorphism for brain white matter. Therefore, we conducted a voxel-based morphometry (VBM) analysis along with global volume analysis for white matter across sex. We analyzed 384 T1-weighted MRI brain images (192 male, 192 female) to investigate any differences in white matter (WM) between males and females...
2017: Translational Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729717/dietary-constraints-can-preclude-the-expression-of-an-honest-chemical-sexual-signal
#9
Roberto García-Roa, Jorge Sáiz, Belén Gómara, Pilar López, José Martín
Identifying the factors that underlie signal divergences remains challenging in studies of animal communication. Regarding the chemical signalling, different compounds can be found in some species but be absent in others. We hypothesized that if the costs that are associated with the expression of some compounds are too high, their presence in the signal may be restricted. However, these compounds may be expressed and be functional when those costs are relaxed. Vitamin E (α-tocopherol), a dietary compound with metabolic relevancy, acts as an honest chemical sexual signal in many lizards but no in others such as the Carpetan Rock lizard (Iberolacerta cyreni)...
July 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728990/long-term-testosterone-therapy-improves-urinary-and-sexual-function-and-quality-of-life-in-men-with-hypogonadism-results-from-a-propensity-matched-subgroup-of-a-controlled-registry-study
#10
Karim Sultan Haider, Ahmad Haider, Gheorghe Doros, Abdulmaged Traish
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of long-term testosterone (T) therapy (TTh) on urinary and sexual functions and quality of life (QoL) in hypogonadal men. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Observational, prospective, cumulative registry study in 656 men (age: 60.7 ± 7.2 years) with total T levels ≤12.1 nmol/L and symptoms of hypogonadism. In the T-treated group, men (n = 360) received parenteral T undecanoate (TU) 1000 mg/12 weeks for up to 10 years. Men who opted against TTh (n= 296) served as controls...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728989/caution-with-use-of-the-expanded-prostate-cancer-index-composite-50-urinary-bother-scale-how-voiding-dysfunction-modifies-its-performance
#11
Lin Yang, Adam S Kibel, Graham A Colditz, Ratna Pakpahan, Kellie R Imm, Sonya Izadi, Robert L Grubb, Kathleen Y Wolin, Siobhan Sutcliffe
PURPOSE: We evaluated the agreement between patient-reported urinary function and bother, and sexual function and bother in radical prostatectomy (RP) patients to help inform possible non-functional, modifiable mechanisms for patient bother. METHODS: Patients were recruited from 2011-2014 at Washington University and Brigham & Women's Hospital. Urinary and sexual outcomes were assessed by the Expanded Prostate Cancer Index Composite-50 (EPIC-50) before, five weeks, and 12 months after RP...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727899/sacral-neuromodulation-for-combined-faecal-and-urinary-incontinence-following-obstetric-anal-sphincter-injury
#12
M Rydningen, Stine Riise, T Wilsgaard, R O Lindsetmo, S Norderval
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of sacral neuromodulation (SNM) in the treatment of faecal incontinence and concomitant urinary incontinence in women with a history of obstetric anal sphincter injury (OASIS). METHOD: In this prospective study, consecutive women with faecal incontinence following OASIS accepted for SNM were screened for concomitant urinary incontinence. The primary outcome was the change in urinary incontinence score (ICIQ-UI-SF) between baseline and 12 months...
July 20, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727838/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-recent-intimate-partner-violence-and-relationships-between-disability-and-depression-in-post-partum-women-in-one-clinic-in-ethekwini-municipality-south-africa
#13
Andrew Gibbs, Bradley Carpenter, Tamaryn Crankshaw, Jill Hannass-Hancock, Jennifer Smit, Mark Tomlinson, Lisa Butler
Intimate partner violence (IPV) experienced by pregnant and post-partum women has negative health effects for women, as well as the foetus, and the new-born child. In this study we sought to assess the prevalence and factors associated with recent IPV amongst post-partum women in one clinic in eThekwini Municipality, South Africa, and explore the relationship between IPV, depression and functional limitations/disabilities. Past 12 month IPV-victimisation was 10.55%. Logistic regression modelled relationships between IPV, functional limitations, depressive symptoms, socio-economic measures, and sexual relationship power...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727833/refugee-and-migrant-women-s-engagement-with-sexual-and-reproductive-health-care-in-australia-a-socio-ecological-analysis-of-health-care-professional-perspectives
#14
Zelalem B Mengesha, Janette Perz, Tinashe Dune, Jane Ussher
BACKGROUND: In Australia only 2.2% of published health research has focused on multi-cultural health despite the increase of culturally and linguistically diverse populations. Research on the perceptions and experiences of health care professionals (HCPs) in engaging with refugee and migrant women is also lacking. Given the integral role of HCPs in providing sexual and reproductive health (SRH) care for these populations, an understanding of the challenges they experience is required...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727392/re-assessment-of-sexual-functions-in-partners-of-women-with-complaints-of-urinary-incontinence
#15
Mustafa Kadihasanoglu, Emin Özbek
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 20, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727389/schooling-impacts-on-the-overactive-bladder-diagnosis-in-women
#16
Larissa R Ferreira, Monica O Gameiro, Paulo R Kawano, Hamilto A Yamamoto, Rodrigo Guerra, Leonardo O Reis, João L Amaro
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the overactive bladder (OAB) diagnosis using OAB-V8 and ICIQ-OAB questionnaires in women with different schooling and cultural levels. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three hundred and eighty six healthy women answered a clinical questionnaire filling out information about schooling, demographic and gynecological data. The OAB-V8 and ICIQ-OAB questionnaires were used to evaluate OAB diagnosis and symptoms; and the QS-F questionnaire, to determine the sexual function...
July 20, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727278/phylogeny-determines-flower-size-dependent-sex-allocation-at-flowering-in-a-hermaphroditic-family
#17
A L Teixido, B Guzmán, V G Staggemeier, F Valladares
1.In animal-pollinated hermaphroditic plants, optimal floral allocation determines relative investment into sexes, which is ultimately dependent on flower size. Larger flowers disproportionally increase maleness whereas smaller and less rewarding flowers favor female function. Although floral traits are thought to be strongly conserved, phylogenetic relationships in the interspecific patterns of resource allocation to floral sex remain overlooked. We investigated these patterns in Cistaceae, a hermaphroditic family...
July 20, 2017: Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726803/quality-of-life-in-men-with-klinefelter-syndrome-the-impact-of-genotype-health-socioeconomics-and-sexual-function
#18
Anne Skakkebæk, Philip J Moore, Simon Chang, Jens Fedder, Claus H Gravholt
PurposeKlinefelter syndrome (KS) is associated with lower socioeconomic status and greater morbidity. However, relatively little is known about the quality of life for men with KS, or how KS and other factors combine to determine it.MethodsA total of 132 men with KS were recruited in clinics, and 313 matched controls were identified by Statistics Denmark. Demographics, socioeconomic status, health problems and behaviors, sexual function, medical follow-up, and mental and physical quality of life (MQoL and PQoL, respectively) were assessed for all participants through surveys...
July 20, 2017: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725242/focal-application-of-low-dose-rate-brachytherapy-for-prostate-cancer-a-pilot-study
#19
S Sara Mahdavi, Ingrid T Spadinger, Septimiu E Salcudean, Piotr Kozlowski, Silvia D Chang, Tony Ng, Julio Lobo, Guy Nir, Hamid Moradi, Michael Peacock, W James Morris
PURPOSE: To evaluate the feasibility and to report the early outcomes of focal treatment of prostate cancer using low-dose-rate brachytherapy (LDR-PB). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Seventeen patients were screened with multi-parametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI), 14 of whom proceeded to receive trans-perineal template mapping biopsy (TTMB). Focal LDR-PB was performed on five eligible patients using dual air kerma strength treatment plans based on planning target volumes derived from cancer locations and determined by TTMB...
June 2017: Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725204/history-of-childhood-maltreatment-and-college-academic-outcomes-indirect-effects-of-hot-execution-function
#20
Marilyn C Welsh, Eric Peterson, Molly M Jameson
College students who report a history of childhood maltreatment may be at risk for poor outcomes. In the current study, we conducted an exploratory analysis to examine potential models that statistically mediate associations between aspects of maltreatment and aspects of academic outcome, with a particular focus on executive functions (EF). Consistent with contemporary EF research, we distinguished between relatively "cool" EF tasks (i.e., performed in a context relatively free of emotional or motivational valence) and "hot" EF tasks that emphasize performance under more emotionally arousing conditions...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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