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hemolysis liposome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30098913/dual-targeting-for-brain-specific-liposomes-drug-delivery-system-synthesis-and-preliminary-evaluation
#1
Yao Peng, Yi Zhao, Yang Chen, Zhongzhen Yang, Li Zhang, Wenjiao Xiao, Jincheng Yang, Li Guo, Yong Wu
The treatment of glioma has become a great challenge because of the existence of brain barrier (BB). In order to develop an efficient brain targeting drug delivery system to greatly improve the brain permeability of anti-cancer drugs, a novel brain-targeted glucose-vitamin C (Glu-Vc) derivative was designed and synthesized as liposome ligand for preparing liposome to effectively deliver paclitaxel (PTX). The liposome was prepared and its particle size, zeta potential, encapsulation efficiency, release profile, stability, hemolysis and cytotoxicity were also characterized...
August 4, 2018: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30074076/a-phase-1-dose-escalation-study-on-the-safety-tolerability-and-activity-of-liposomal-curcumin-lipocurc-%C3%A2-in-patients-with-locally-advanced-or-metastatic-cancer
#2
Richard Greil, Sigrun Greil-Ressler, Lukas Weiss, Charlotte Schönlieb, Teresa Magnes, Bianca Radl, Gordon T Bolger, Brigitta Vcelar, Peter P Sordillo
PURPOSE: This study was conducted to investigate the safety and tolerability of increasing doses of liposomal curcumin in patients with metastatic cancer. Investigations of anti-tumor activity and of the pharmacokinetics of curcumin were secondary objectives. METHODS: In this phase I, single-center, open-label study in patients with metastatic tumors, liposomal curcumin was administered as a weekly intravenous infusion for 8 weeks. Dose escalation was started at 100 mg/m2 over 8 h and the dose increased to 300 mg/m2 over 6 h...
August 3, 2018: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30055226/dual-functionalized-5-fluorouracil-liposomes-as-highly-efficient-nanomedicine-for-glioblastoma-treatment-as-assessed-in-an-in-vitro-brain-tumor-model
#3
Sushant Lakkadwala, Jagdish Singh
Drug delivery to the brain has been a major challenge due to the presence of the blood brain barrier (BBB), which limits the uptake of most chemotherapeutics into brain. We developed a dual-functionalized liposomal delivery system, conjugating cell penetrating peptide penetratin to transferrin-liposomes (Tf-Pen-conjugated liposomes) to enhance the transport of an anticancer chemotherapeutic drug, 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), across the BBB into the tumor cells. The in vitro cellular uptake study showed that the dual-functionalized liposomes are capable of higher cellular uptake in glioblastoma (U87) and brain endothelial (bEnd...
July 25, 2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30010418/effect-of-liposome-treatment-on-hemorheology-and-metabolic-profile-of-human-red-blood-cells-during-hypothermic-storage
#4
Luciana Da Silveira Cavalcante, Jason P Acker, Jelena L Holovati
BACKGROUND: Ex vivo cold storage of red blood cells (RBCs) for transfusion has long been associated with hypothermic storage lesions. It has been proposed that liposomes can be used to mitigate hemorheological elements of RBC membrane storage lesions. This study aimed to determine the appropriate liposome treatment time and assess the effects of liposome treatment on RBC's hemorheological and metabolic profiles. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Unilamellar liposomes were synthesized to contain a bilayer of 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DOPC):cholesterol (7:3 mol%)...
August 2018: Biopreservation and Biobanking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29936135/liposomal-therapy-attenuates-dermonecrosis-induced-by-community-associated-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-by-targeting-%C3%AE-type-phenol-soluble-modulins-and-%C3%AE-hemolysin
#5
Heidi Wolfmeier, Sarah C Mansour, Leo T Liu, Daniel Pletzer, Annette Draeger, Eduard B Babiychuk, Robert E W Hancock
Community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA), typified by the pulse-field type USA300, is an emerging endemic pathogen that is spreading rapidly among healthy people. CA-MRSA causes skin and soft tissue infections, life-threatening necrotizing pneumonia and sepsis, and is remarkably resistant to many antibiotics. Here we show that engineered liposomes composed of naturally occurring sphingomyelin were able to sequester cytolytic toxins secreted by USA300 and prevent necrosis of human erythrocytes, peripheral blood mononuclear cells and bronchial epithelial cells...
June 20, 2018: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29850694/polymer-augmented-liposomes-enhancing-antibiotic-delivery-against-intracellular-infections
#6
Fang-Yi Su, Jasmin Chen, Hye-Nam Son, Abby M Kelly, Anthony J Convertine, T Eoin West, Shawn J Skerrett, Daniel M Ratner, Patrick S Stayton
Pulmonary intracellular infections, such as tuberculosis, anthrax, and tularemia, have remained a significant challenge to conventional antibiotic therapy. Ineffective antibiotic treatment of these infections can lead not only to undesired side effects, but also to the emergence of antibiotic resistance. Aminoglycosides (e.g., streptomycin) have long been part of the therapeutic regiment for many pulmonary intracellular infections. Their bioavailability for intracellular bacterial pools, however, is limited by poor membrane permeability and rapid elimination...
June 25, 2018: Biomaterials Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454237/liposomes-of-dimeric-artesunate-phospholipid-a-combination-of-dimerization-and-self-assembly-to-combat-malaria
#7
Muhammad Ismail, Longbing Ling, Yawei Du, Chen Yao, Xinsong Li
Artemisinin and its derivatives are highly effective drugs in the treatment of P. falciparum malaria. However, their clinical applications face challenges because of short half-life, poor bioavailability and growing drug resistance. In this article, novel dimeric artesunate phospholipid (Di-ART-GPC) based liposomes were developed by combination of dimerization and self-assembly to address these shortcomings. Firstly, Di-ART-GPC conjugate was synthesized by a facile esterification of artesunate (ART) and glycerophosphorylcholine (GPC) and confirmed by MS, 1 H NMR and 13 C NMR...
May 2018: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247686/folic-acid-modified-liposomal-drug-delivery-strategy-for-tumor-targeting-of-5-fluorouracil
#8
Eskandar Moghimipour, Mohsen Rezaei, Zahra Ramezani, Maryam Kouchak, Mohsen Amini, Kambiz Ahmadi Angali, Farid Abedin Dorkoosh, Somayeh Handali
The aim of this study was to develop a liposomal formulation to selectively target cancer cells. Liposomes were prepared using thin layer method and folic acid (FA) was applied for targeted delivery of 5FU to cancer cells. Liposomes prepared were characterized for encapsulation efficiency (EE%), morphology and their particle size. Cellular uptake, cytotoxicity study and ROS production were evaluated using CT26 cell line. Hemolysis test was performed on rat red blood cells (RBCs). Moreover, the efficacy of targeted liposomes were investigated by in vivo antitumor activity and tissue toxicities were studied by histological examination...
March 1, 2018: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052489/liposomal-hexadecylphosphocholine-characterization-and-effects-on-adherent-tumor-cells
#9
Petra Kaufmann-Kolle, Eduard A M Fleer, Jochem Kötting, Christine Behnert, Clemens Unger, Hansjorg Eibl
We describe the preparation of small unilamellar and multilamellar vesicles from hexadecylphosphocholine, cholesterol and 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-phosphoglycerol in the molar ratio 4/5/1. Particle size and chemical stability of two types of liposomes, small unilamellar vesicles and lyophilized, freshly resuspended multilamellar vesicles were proved to be stable for at least 12 months. Compared to hexadecylphosphocholine in free form, liposomal hexadecylphosphocholine showed remarkably reduced hemolysis which did not change during storage...
1994: Journal of Liposome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929742/beta-hemolytic-bacteria-selectively-trigger-liposome-lysis-enabling-rapid-and-accurate-pathogen-detection
#10
Rongji Sum, Muthukaruppan Swaminathan, Sahil Kumar Rastogi, Obdulio Piloto, Ian Cheong
For more than a century, blood agar plates have been the only test for beta-hemolysis. Although blood agar cultures are highly predictive for bacterial pathogens, they are too slow to yield actionable information. Here, we show that beta-hemolytic pathogens are able to lyse and release fluorophores encapsulated in sterically stabilized liposomes whereas alpha and gamma-hemolytic bacteria have no effect. By analyzing fluorescence kinetics, beta-hemolytic colonies cultured on agar could be distinguished in real time with 100% accuracy within 6 h...
October 27, 2017: ACS Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920493/construction-and-evaluation-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-of-tedizolid-phosphate-loaded-cationic-liposomes
#11
Zhenlei Yang, Liu Tian, Jingjing Liu, Guihua Huang
Firstly, The SA-TDZA-Lips were prepared by reverse-phase evaporation method. Then, the drug release behavior was evaluated by dynamic membrane dialysis in vitro and the preliminary safety was evaluated by hemolysis method. Finally, with Tedizolid phosphate injection (TDZA-Inj) and tedizolid phosphate loaded liposomes (TDZA-Lips) as the control groups, the pharmacokinetic characteristic and tissues distribution of SA-TDZA-Lips were evaluated after intravenous injection. As a result, the stearylamine modified tedizolid phosphate liposomal delivery system was constructed successfully and the particle size was (194...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Liposome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825921/pure-glaucoma-drugs-are-toxic-to-immortalized-human-corneal-epithelial-cells-but-they-do-not-destabilize-lipid-membranes
#12
Alexandra Robciuc, Joanna Witos, Suvi-Katriina Ruokonen, Antti H Rantamäki, Pierre-Jean Pisella, Susanne K Wiedmer, Juha M Holopainen
PURPOSE: Most pure glaucoma drugs (pGDs) are hydrophobic substances intended to reduce elevated intraocular pressure. The aims of our study were to determine the toxicity of pGDs (brimonidine tartrate, brinzolamide, latanoprost, timolol maleate, and pilocarpine hydrochloride) on ocular surface cells and to establish whether their toxicity is subsequent to cellular membrane destabilization. METHODS: The toxicity of clinically efficient doses of pGDs was measured at different time points in a cell culture of human corneal epithelial cells using a redox indicator...
October 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653651/biodegradable-nanoparticles-loaded-with-tetrameric-melittin-preparation-and-membrane-disruption-evaluation
#13
Azucena Gonzalez-Horta, Arely Matamoros-Acosta, Abelardo Chavez-Montes, Rocio Castro-Rios, Jorge Lara-Arias
Melittin is the main component of bee venom consisting of 26 amino acids that has multiple effects, including antibacterial, antiviral and anti-inflammatory in various cell types. This peptide forms pores in biological membranes and triggers cell death. Therefore it has potential as an anti-cancer therapy. However, the therapeutic application of melittin is limited due to its main side effect, hemolysis, which is especially pronounced following intravenous administration. In the present study, we formulated tetrameric melittin-carrying poly-D,L-lactic-co-glycolic acid nanoparticles (PLGA-NPs) and analyzed the lytic activity of this system on liposomes that resembles breast cancer cells...
October 2017: General Physiology and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277844/effects-of-surface-charge-of-low-molecular-weight-heparin-modified-cationic-liposomes-on-drug-efficacy-and-toxicity
#14
Haohuan Li, Yi Chen, Yueyang Deng, Yue Wang, Xue Ke, Tianyuan Ci
Cationic liposome is a potential nanocarrier to deliver drugs to solid tumor with proven efficiency in targeting tumor tissues. However, the major limitation is their charge-related instability and blood toxicity via intravenous injection. In order to overcome these problems and to maintain tumor targeting potency, we modified the cationic liposomes with low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) to obtain series of liposomes with different surface charges. Both in vitro and in vivo studies including serum stability, blood hemolysis, cellular uptake, cytotoxicity and in vivo biodistribution were evaluated...
July 2017: Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157445/creatinine-based-non-phospholipid-vesicular-carrier-for-improved-oral-bioavailability-of-azithromycin
#15
Shafi Ullah, Muhammad Raza Shah, Mohammad Shoaib, Muhammad Imran, Syed Wadood Ali Shah, Imdad Ali, Farid Ahmed
CONTEXT: Novel, safe, efficient and cost effective nano-carriers from renewable resources have got greater interest for enhancing solubility and bioavailability of hydrophobic dugs. OBJECTIVES: This study reports the synthesis of a novel biocompatible non-phospholipid human metabolite "Creatinine" based niosomal delivery system for Azithromycin improved oral bioavailability. METHODS: Synthesized surfactant was characterized through spectroscopic and spectrometric techniques and then the potential for niosomal vesicle formation was evaluated using Azithromycin as model drug...
June 2017: Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125402/a-microplate-assay-to-measure-classical-and-alternative-complement-activity
#16
Bénédicte Puissant-Lubrano, Françoise Fortenfant, Peter Winterton, Antoine Blancher
BACKGROUND: We developed and validated a kinetic microplate hemolytic assay (HA) to quantify classical and alternative complement activity in a single dilution of human plasma or serum. METHODS: The assay is based on monitoring hemolysis of sensitized sheep (or uncoated rabbit) red blood cells by means of a 96-well microplate reader. The activity of the calibrator was evaluated by reference to 200 healthy adults. The conversion of 50% hemolysis time into a percentage of activity was obtained using a calibration curve plotted daily...
May 1, 2017: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024200/nanosystem-composed-with-msns-gadolinium-liposome-and-cytotoxic-peptides-for-tumor-theranostics
#17
Yaqing Jin, Nengpan Zhang, Chunlin Li, Kefeng Pu, Chen Ding, Yimin Zhu
A dual-functional delivery system, based on mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) with the integration of Magnetic Resonance (MR) imaging and therapeutic peptide delivery, is reported in this paper. A lipid bilayer is attached onto the surface of the nanoparticles, following the doping of Gadolinium (Gd), a paramagnetic lanthanide ion. The liposome-coated GdMSNs exhibit improved colloidal stability, better biocompatibility and more efficient cellular uptake. The Gd renders the nano carrier a potential T1 contrast agent, confirmed by the MR imaging...
March 1, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012857/an-enzymatic-assay-based-on-luciferase-ebola-virus-like-particles-for-evaluation-of-virolytic-activity-of-antimicrobial-peptides
#18
Marie Peskova, Zbynek Heger, Petr Janda, Vojtech Adam, Vladimir Pekarik
Antimicrobial peptides are currently considered as promising antiviral compounds. Current assays to evaluate the effectivity of peptides against enveloped viruses based on liposomes or hemolysis are encumbered by the artificial nature of liposomes or distinctive membrane composition of used erythrocytes. We propose a novel assay system based on enzymatic Ebola virus-like particles containing sensitive luciferase reporter. The assay was validated with several cationic and anionic peptides and compared with lentivirus inactivation and hemolytic assays...
February 2017: Peptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005445/preparation-and-in-vivo-safety-evaluations-of-antileukemic-homoharringtonine-loaded-pegylated-liposomes
#19
Dong Liu, Jing Xing, Fei Xiong, Fang Yang, Ning Gu
In order to improve the in vivo safety and specific delivery efficiency of the antileukemic homoharringtonine (HHT) at the targets, the long-circulating PEGylated liposomes loaded with HHT (LCLipo-HHT) were prepared. Their physical characteristics, in vitro drug release, in vivo pharmacokinetic properties and elementary toxicity were evaluated. The mean diameter of the prepared LCLipo-HHT is 75.6 ± 3.2 nm and the zeta potential is -16.9 ± 2.5 mV. The entrapment efficiency of HHT in the liposomes is 69...
April 2017: Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999446/antimicrobial-activity-and-interactions-of-cationic-peptides-derived-from-galleria-mellonella-cecropin-d-like-peptide-with-model-membranes
#20
José Oñate-Garzón, Marcela Manrique-Moreno, Steven Trier, Chad Leidy, Rodrigo Torres, Edwin Patiño
Antimicrobial peptides are effector molecules of the innate immune system against invading pathogens. The cationic charge in their structures has a strong correlation with antimicrobial activity, being responsible for the initial electrostatic interaction between peptides and the anionic microbial surface. This paper contains evidence that charge modification in the neutral peptide Gm cecropin D-like (WT) improved the antimicrobial activity of the modified peptides. Two cationic peptides derived from WT sequence named as ΔM1 and ΔM2, with net charge of +5 and +9, respectively, showed at least an eightfold increase in their antimicrobial activity in comparison to WT...
March 2017: Journal of Antibiotics
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