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Pediatric catheterization

Valeria P Alencar, Cristiano M Gomes, Eduardo P Miranda, Maria A Dos Santos Lelis, Patrícia Fera, Jose de Bessa, Miguel Srougi, Homero Bruschini
AIMS: To compare the impact of the different routes for clean intermittent catheterization on the quality of life of children with lower urinary tract dysfunction. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, all children and adolescents under treatment in our clinic from August 2011 to May 2012 who were on CIC for bladder dysfunction were included. To evaluate the technical difficulty and the discomfort associated with the procedure we used a standard visual analog scale...
August 10, 2018: Neurourology and Urodynamics
Mary Hunt Martin, Jeffery Meadows, Doff B McElhinney, Bryan H Goldstein, Lisa Bergersen, Athar M Qureshi, Shabana Shahanavaz, Jamil Aboulhosn, Darren Berman, Lynn Peng, Matthew Gillespie, Aimee Armstrong, Cindy Weng, L LuAnn Minich, Robert G Gray
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine the safety and feasibility of transcatheter pulmonary valve replacement (TPVR) using the Melody valve in native (nonconduit) right ventricular outflow tracts (nRVOT), and to identify factors associated with successful TPVR. BACKGROUND: The Melody valve is Food and Drug Administration-approved for TPVR within right ventricle-to-pulmonary artery conduits and bioprosthetic pulmonary valves. However, most patients needing pulmonary valve replacement have nRVOT and TPVR has been adapted for this indication...
July 27, 2018: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
Savine C S Minderhoud, Femke van der Stelt, Mirella M C Molenschot, Michel S Koster, Gregor J Krings, Johannes M P J Breur
Previously, median effective dose (ED) of 1.6 mSv per three-dimensional rotational angiography (3DRA) has been reported. This study evaluated ED and image quality in 3DRA after implementation of a simple dose reduction protocol in pediatric catheterizations. Simple conversion factors between 3DRA ED and readily available parameters at the cathlab were determined. The dose reduction protocol consisted of frame reduction (60-30 frames/s (f/s)), active collimation of the X-ray beam, usage of a readily available low dosage program, and a pre-3DRA run check...
August 3, 2018: Pediatric Cardiology
Julien Le Coz, Silvia Orlandini, Luigi Titomanlio, Victoria Elisa Rinaldi
IMPORTANCE: Point-of-care ultrasonography (POCUS) allows to obtain real-time images to correlate with the patient's presenting signs and symptoms. It can be used by various specialties and may be broadly divided into diagnostic and procedural applications. OBJECTIVE: We aimed at reviewing current knowledge on the use of POCUS in Pediatric Emergency Departments (PEDs). FINDINGS: US diagnostic capacity in paediatric patients with suspected pneumonia has been studied and debated whereas literature regarding the usefulness of point-of-care echocardiography in the pediatric setting is still limited...
July 27, 2018: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
Heather Y Sun, James A Proudfoot, Rachel T McCandless
BACKGROUND: Fetal echocardiography can accurately diagnose critical congenital heart disease prenatally, but relies on referrals from abnormalities identified on routine obstetrical ultrasounds. Critical congenital heart disease that is frequently missed due to inadequate outflow tract imaging includes anomalies such as truncus arteriosus, double outlet right ventricle, transposition of the great arteries, tetralogy of Fallot, pulmonary stenosis, and aortic stenosis. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the prenatal detection rate of critical outflow tract anomalies in a single urban pediatric hospital before and after "AIUM Practice Guideline for the Performance of Obstetric Ultrasound Examinations," which incorporated outflow tract imaging...
July 18, 2018: Congenital Heart Disease
Raju Chelluri, Michael Daugherty, Mourad Abouelleil, Jonathan V Riddell
INTRODUCTION: Antegrade continence enema (ACE) is a well described treatment for pediatric patients with neurogenic bowel refractory to medical and retrograde management. ACE can be carried out either by catheterizable channel with enteric conduit or a cecostomy tube appliance. For those patients who have issues with pain or leakage around the cecostomy appliance or wish to be appliance free, we present our initial results and description of a novel technique of laparoscopic conversion of cecostomy to catheterizable ACE which uses the existing tract and requires no enteric conduit...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Horacio Márquez-González, Mario H Vargas, Lucelli Yáñez-Gutiérrez, Eduardo Almeida-Gutiérrez, Juan Garduño-Espinosa
Objective: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and cardiac catheterization are diagnostic tools for right ventricle dysfunction (RVD), but those are expensive and often unavailable techniques. Thus, our objective was to identify clinical and/or echocardiographic variables capable of predicting a catheterization-based diagnosis of RVD. Design: This was cross-sectional, diagnostic test accuracy study, considering the catheterization-based diagnosis of RVD as the gold standard. Patients: Pediatric patients with non-repaired CHD with overload pressure were evaluated...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
Kae Watanabe, Anis Karimpour-Fard, Alix Michael, Shelley D Miyamoto, Stephanie J Nakano
BACKGROUND: Cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV) is a leading cause of retransplantation and death in pediatric heart transplant recipients. Our aim was to evaluate the association between serum vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF) and CAV development in the pediatric heart transplant population. METHODS: In this retrospective study performed at a university hospital, VEGF concentrations were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in banked serum from pediatric heart transplant recipients undergoing routine cardiac catheterization...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
Simona Silvetti, Tommaso Aloisio, Anna Cazzaniga, Marco Ranucci
BACKGROUND: Placement of central venous catheters (CVCs) is essential and routine practice in the management of children with congenital heart disease. The purpose of the present protocol is to evaluate the risk for infectious complications in terms of catheter colonization, catheter line-associated bloodstream infections, and catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSIs), and the mechanical complications from different central venous access sites in infants and newborns undergoing cardiac surgery...
June 25, 2018: Trials
Koichi Yuki, Sandra Lee, Steven J Staffa, James A DiNardo
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Appropriate agent selection in patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) undergoing cardiac surgery and catheterization have been extensively reviewed in the literature. To date, there has not been an analysis of induction drug choices made in a large group of CHD patients undergoing non-cardiac procedures and intraoperative events. The primary objective was to characterize induction agent selection in CHD patients undergoing non-cardiac procedures and examine its association with intraoperative events...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Kahoru Fukuoka, Mihoko Furuichi, Kenta Ito, Yoshihiko Morikawa, Ichiro Watanabe, Naoki Shimizu, Yuho Horikoshi
OBJECTIVES: Catheter-associated urinary tract infections account for 30% of healthcare-associated infections. To date, few studies have addressed pediatric catheter-associated urinary tract infection in PICUs. The aim of our study was to assess the risk of catheter-associated urinary tract infection in relation to the duration of catheterization in the PICU. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: PICU at a tertiary children's hospital...
June 13, 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Emily L Marshall, David Borrego, James C Fudge, Dhanashree Rajderkar, Wesley E Bolch
PURPOSE: To assess various computational phantom alignment techniques within Monte Carlo radiation transport models of pediatric fluoroscopically guided cardiac interventional studies. METHODS: Logfiles, including all procedure radiation and machine data, were extracted from a Toshiba infinix-I unit in the University of Florida Pediatric Catheterization Laboratory for a cohort of 10 patients. Two different alignment methods were then tested against a ground truth standard based upon identification of a unique anatomic reference point within images co-registered to specific irradiation events within each procedure...
June 13, 2018: Medical Physics
Martin Koestenberger, Alexander Avian, Andreas Gamillscheg, Hannes Sallmon, Gernot Grangl, Ante Burmas, Sabrina Schweintzger, Stefan Kurath-Koller, Gerhard Cvirn, Georg Hansmann
BACKGROUND: Echocardiographic determination of the RV end-systolic base/apex (RVESb/a) ratio was proposed to be of clinical value for the assessment of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) in adults. HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesized that the RVES b/a ratio will be affected in children with PAH and aimed to correlate the RVES b/a ratio with conventionally used echocardiographic and hemodynamic variables, and with NYHA functional class (FC). METHODS: We first determined normal pediatric values for the RVES b/a ratio in 157 healthy children (68 male; age range: 0...
June 12, 2018: Clinical Cardiology
Edward Vincent S Faustino, Veronika Shabanova, Matthew G Pinto, Simon Li, Erin Trakas, Michael Miksa, Shira Gertz, Lee A Polikoff, Massimo Napolitano, Adele R Brudnicki, Joana A Tala, Cicero T Silva
OBJECTIVE: To determine the epidemiology of lower extremity deep venous thrombosis (DVT) in critically ill adolescents, which currently is unclear. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a multicenter, prospective, cohort study. Adolescents aged 13-17 years who were admitted to 6 pediatric intensive care units and were anticipated to receive cardiopulmonary support for at least 48 hours were eligible, unless they were admitted with DVT or pulmonary embolism or were receiving or anticipated to receive therapeutic anticoagulation...
June 8, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
David C Sheridan, Beech Burns, Megan Mickley
Pediatric fever is one of the most common presenting complaints to emergency departments (ED). While often due to a viral illness, in young children without a source the most common bacterial infection is pyelonephritis. For this reason, when no focal source can be identified a urinary specimen is recommended. In young children who are unable to urinate on demand, a straight catheter is required to obtain a sterile specimen. This is generally a benign procedure and is performed frequently in EDs. We report a case of a young girl who underwent straight bladder catheterization and was subsequently found to have a retained catheter that had become knotted in the bladder...
February 2018: Clinical practice and cases in emergency medicine
Ayse Betul Ergul, Ikbal Gokcek, Alper Ozcan, Serife Cetin, Nurkan Gultekin, Yasemin Altuner Torun
Objective: We compared the protective effects of secure Chlorhexidine Gluconate (CHG)-containing dressings with those of non-antimicrobial transparent dressings. Methods: This prospective, comparative, single-center clinical study was conducted in a tertiary pediatric intensive care unit from October 2014 to March 2017. The inclusion criterion was catheterization of the jugular vein for ≥48 hour. The study was conducted in two phases. Non-antimicrobial standard dressings were applied both before and after the CHG- dressing phase to negate any coincidental temporal effect...
March 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Marco Pozzi, Federica Locatelli, Sara Galbiati, Elena Beretta, Carla Carnovale, Emilio Clementi, Sandra Strazzer
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Urolithiasis affects pediatric patients with severe acquired brain injury, in whom the role of several clinical variables and of the presence and composition of enteral nutrition has not been investigated. METHODS: Retrospective chart review on 371 pediatric patients with severe acquired brain injury. We used an essential electronic database to check the association between stones and enteral feeding. We then picked at random paper clinical records until we collected 20 and 20 complete records for patients with/without stones, not matched...
May 14, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Denise Swei Lo, Larissa Rodrigues, Vera Hermina Kalika Koch, Alfredo Elias Gilio
INTRODUCTION: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is the most common serious bacterial infection in young infants. Signs and symptoms are often nonspecific. OBJECTIVES: To describe clinical, demographic and laboratory features of UTI in infants ≤ 3 months old. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of infants ≤ 3 months old with UTI diagnosed in a pediatric emergency department, for the period 2010-2012. UTI was defined as ≥ 50,000 colony-forming units per milliliter of a single uropathogen isolated from bladder catheterization...
January 2018: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
Amon Ryakitimbo, Rune Philemon, Festo Mazuguni, Levina Msuya
Background: Urinary tract infection (UTI) in children with cerebral palsy (CP) is a challenging yet common clinical condition. Children with CP bare the greatest risk of contracting UTI because of their difficulties in neuromotor control which lead to delay of bladder control, causing incomplete bladder emptying and urine retention. Method: This was an analytical cross-sectional study that was conducted from September 2016 to March 2017 at Comprehensive Community Based Rehabilitation in Tanzania - Moshi and Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre Neurological Pediatrics Outpatient Clinic...
2018: Pediatric Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
Sevil Inal, Duygu Demir
BACKGROUND: Pediatric nurses should be able to use techniques that increase the success rate or shorten the procedural duration of peripheral intravenous catheterization (PIVC). OBJECTIVES: This study was performed to define the effect of the infrared vein visualization device support on the success of PIVC in pediatric patients aged 0 to 3 years. Success was determined based on the number of attempts per patient, the duration of the procedure, the success rate of first attempts, and the pain levels of the children...
May 15, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
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