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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050341/geraniol-alleviates-lps-induced-acute-lung-injury-in-mice-via-inhibiting-inflammation-and-apoptosis
#1
Kangfeng Jiang, Tao Zhang, Nannan Yin, Xiaofei Ma, Gan Zhao, Haichong Wu, Changwei Qiu, Ganzhen Deng
Geraniol (GOH), a special type of acyclic monoterpene alcohol, has been widely used to treat many diseases associated with inflammation and apoptosis. Acute lung injury (ALI) is a common clinical disease in humans characterized by pulmonary inflammation and apoptosis. In the present study, we investigated the protective effects of GOH in a mouse model of ALI induced by the intranasal administration of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and elucidated the underlying molecular mechanisms in RAW 264.7 cells. In vivo, GOH treatment markedly ameliorated pathological injury and pulmonary cell apoptosis and reduced the wet/dry (W/D) weight ratio of lungs, myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity and the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α)...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050265/reactive-oxygen-species-dependent-phosphorylation-of-the-liver-kinase-b1-amp-activated-protein-kinase-acetyl-coa-carboxylase-signaling-is-critically-involved-in-apoptotic-effect-of-lambertianic-acid-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cells
#2
Arong Jeong, Ju-Ha Kim, Hyo-Jung Lee, Sung-Hoon Kim
Though lambertianic acid (LA) is reported to have hypolipidemic activity in liver, its underlying anticancer mechanism is poorly understood so far. Thus, in the present study, apoptotic mechanism of LA was elucidated in HepG2 and SK-Hep1 hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells. Here LA increased cytotoxicity, sub-G1 population and Annexin V/PI positive cells in two HCC cells. Also, LA cleaved caspase-3 and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP), activated phosphorylation of liver kinase B1 (LKB1)/AMP activated protein kinase (AMPK)/ acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC) pathway and also suppressed antiapoptotic proteins such as phosphorylation of Akt/ mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and the expression of B cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2)/ B-cell lymphoma-extra large (Bcl-xL) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) in two HCC cells...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050230/a-potential-panel-of-two-long-non-coding-rna-signature-to-predict-recurrence-of-patients-with-laryngeal-cancer
#3
Zhigang Bai, Enhong Shi, Qiwei Wang, Zhouwei Dong, Ping Xu
Accumulating evidence has shown that aberrant lncRNA expression plays an oncogenic or tumor-suppressive role in the tumorigenesis of laryngeal cancer. However, the prognostic roles of lncRNAs in laryngeal cancer recurrence are still poorly understood. In this study, we obtained lncRNA expression profiles of 109 patients with laryngeal cancer by mining previously published gene expression microarray data from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) and identified two lncRNAs associated with laryngeal cancer recurrence in the training dataset by using Cox regression analysis...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049411/xrcc5-cooperates-with-p300-to-promote-cyclooxygenase-2-expression-and-tumor-growth-in-colon-cancers
#4
Zhifeng Zhang, Fufu Zheng, Zhenlong Yu, Jiajiao Hao, Miao Chen, Wendan Yu, Wei Guo, Yiming Chen, Wenlin Huang, Zhijun Duan, Wuguo Deng
Cyclooxygenase (COX) is the rate-limiting enzyme in prostaglandins (PGs) biosynthesis. Previous studies indicate that COX-2, one of the isoforms of COX, is highly expressed in colon cancers and plays a key role in colon cancer carcinogenesis. Thus, searching for novel transcription factors regulating COX-2 expression will facilitate drug development for colon cancer. In this study, we identified XRCC5 as a binding protein of the COX-2 gene promoter in colon cancer cells with streptavidin-agarose pulldown assay and mass spectrometry analysis, and found that XRCC5 promoted colon cancer growth through modulation of COX-2 signaling...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048666/synergistic-antitumor-effects-of-the-combined-treatment-with-an-hdac6-inhibitor-and-a-cox-2-inhibitor-through-activation-of-pten
#5
Guanhua Zhang, Ye-Hua Gan
Chemotherapy is one of the most effective non-surgical treatments for various types of tumor. Identifying different combinations of antitumor agents that can produce synergistic antitumor effects remains an important clinical strategy. In the present study, we showed that the combination of histone deacetylase 6 (HDAC6) inhibitor tubastatin A together with cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor celecoxib resulted in synergistic antitumor effects in CAL 27 and SACC-83 cells. Treatment with celecoxib alone promoted the membrane translocation of phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN), indicating PTEN activation, and consequently led to protein kinase B (AKT) dephosphorylation (inactivation)...
September 21, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048509/plasma-but-not-cerebrospinal-fluid-interleukin-7-and-interleukin-5-levels-pre-antiretroviral-therapy-commencement-predict-cryptococcosis-associated-immune-reconstitution-inflammatory-syndrome
#6
Ngomu Akeem Akilimali, Christina C Chang, Daniel M Muema, Tarylee Reddy, Mahomed-Yunus S Moosa, Sharon R Lewin, Martyn A French, Thumbi Ndung'u
Background: Patients with human immunodeficiency virus/AIDS-associated cryptococcal meningitis (CM) frequently experience clinical deterioration, known as cryptococcosis-associated immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (C-IRIS), upon initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART). The immunological mechanisms underlying C-IRIS are incompletely defined and no reliable predictive biomarkers exist. We investigated whether plasma or cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) levels of cytokines and chemokines predicted C-IRIS and are potential predictive biomarkers...
October 16, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046340/nnt-is-a-key-regulator-of-adrenal-redox-homeostasis-and-steroidogenesis-in-male-mice
#7
Eirini Meimaridou, Michelle Goldsworthy, Vasileios Chortis, Ersi Fragouli, Paul A Foster, Wiebke Arlt, Roger Cox, Louise A Metherell
Nicotinamide nucleotide transhydrogenase, NNT, is a ubiquitous protein of the inner mitochondrial membrane with a key role in mitochondrial redox balance. NNT produces high concentrations of NADPH for detoxification of reactive oxygen species by glutathione and thioredoxin pathways. In humans, NNT dysfunction leads to an adrenal specific disorder, glucocorticoid deficiency. Certain sub-strains of C57BL/6 mice contain a spontaneously occurring inactivating Nnt mutation and display glucocorticoid deficiency along with glucose intolerance and reduced insulin secretion...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042795/significant-association-of-the-exo1-rs851797-polymorphism-with-clinical-outcome-of-ovarian-cancer
#8
Tingyan Shi, Rong Jiang, Pan Wang, Yuan Xu, Sheng Yin, Xi Cheng, Rongyu Zang
BACKGROUND: Exonuclease 1 (EXO1), one of DNA mismatch repair pathway genes, functions in maintaining genomic stability and affects tumor progression. We hypothesized that genetic variations in EXO1 may predict clinical outcomes in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). METHODS: In this cohort study with 1,030 consecutive EOC patients, we genotyped four potentially functional polymorphisms in EXO1 by the Taqman assay and evaluated their associations with patients' survival...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042184/calorimetric-study-of-substrate-binding-in-individual-active-sites-of-bifunctional-human-atic
#9
Danuta Witkowska, Heather L Cox, Tara C Hall, Gemma C Wildsmith, Darren C Machin, Michael E Webb
Aminoimidazolecarboxamide ribonucleotide formyl transferase (AICARFT): Inosine monophosphate cyclohydrolase (IMPCH, collectively called ATIC) is a bifunctional enzyme that catalyses the penultimate and final steps in the purine de novo biosynthesis pathway. The bifunctional protein is dimeric and each monomer contains two different active sites both of which are capable of binding nucleotide substrates, this means to a potential total of four distinct binding events might be observed. Within this work we used a combination of site-directed and truncation mutants of ATIC to independently investigate the binding at these two sites using calorimetry...
October 14, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040306/micheliolide-suppresses-lps-induced-neuroinflammatory-responses
#10
Zhaomeng Sun, Guodong Li, Tanjun Tong, Jun Chen
Microglia-involved neuroinflammation is thought to promote brain damage in various neurodegenerative disorders. Thus, inhibition of microglial over-activation may have a therapeutic benefit for the treatment of neurodegenerative disorders. Micheliolide (MCL) is a sesquiterpene lactone which inhibits various inflammatory response. However, whether MCL can inhibit neuroinflammation caused by LPS-activated BV2 microglia has not yet been explored. In this study, we demonstrated that treatment of BV2 cells with MCL significantly repressed LPS-stimulated nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression, as well as tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and nitric oxide (NO) induction...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039535/clinical-implications-of-progranulin-in-gastric-cancer-and-its-regulation-via-a-positive-feedback-loop-involving-akt-and-erk-signaling-pathways
#11
Dong Yang, Ruidong Li, Huili Wang, Junye Wang, Lei Han, Lihua Pan, Xueqin Li, Qingli Kong, Guijuan Wang, Xiujun Su
In previous years, progranulin (PGRN) has attracted increasing attention due to its oncogenic roles in several types of tumor. However, the clinical relevance of PGRN in gastric cancer remains to be elucidated. In the present study, 120 retrospective tissue samples were obtained from patients with primary gastric cancer, and the expression of PGRN was detected using immunohistochemistry. The results showed that 71 cases exhibited a high expression of PGRN, which was markedly higher than the 49 cases with a low expression of PGRN...
October 17, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038542/store-operated-ca-2-entry-facilitates-the-lipopolysaccharide-induced-cyclooxygenase-2-expression-in-gastric-cancer-cells
#12
Jhen-Hong Wong, Kuo-Hao Ho, Sean Nam, Wen-Li Hsu, Chia-Hsien Lin, Che-Mai Chang, Jaw-Yuan Wang, Wei-Chiao Chang
Helicobacter pylori has been identified as one of the major causes of chronic gastritis, gastric and duodenal ulcers, and gastric cancer. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is a major component of the outer membrane of gram-negative bacteria, and H. pylori LPS might play an exclusively important role in activating inflammatory pathways in monocytes and macrophages. To study the role of LPS in the underlying mechanism of inflammatory responses, we established an in vitro model using the human AGS gastric cancer cell line...
October 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037857/exploring-the-role-of-il-32-in-human-immunodeficiency-virus-related-kaposi-sarcoma
#13
George Semango, Bas Heinhuis, Theo S Plantinga, Willeke A M Blokx, Gibson Kibiki, Tolbert Sonda, Daudi Mavura, Elisante John Masenga, Mramba Nyindo, Andre J A M van der Ven, Leo A B Joosten
The intracellular pro-inflammatory mediator interleukin (IL)-32 is associated with tumor progression; however, the mechanisms remain unknown. We studied the IL-32 mRNA expression as well as other pro-inflammatory cytokines and mediators including IL-1α, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, the pro-angiogenic and anti-apoptotic enzyme COX-2, the IL-8 receptor CXCR1, and the intracellular kinase FAK-1. The interaction of IL-32 expression with expression of IL-6, TNFα, IL-8, and COX-2 was also investigated...
October 13, 2017: American Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037225/yap-transcriptionally-regulates-cox-2-expression-and-gccsysm-4-g-4-a-dual-yap-cox-2-inhibitor-overcomes-drug-resistance-in-colorectal-cancer
#14
Wei Li, Yuanyuan Cao, Jinling Xu, Ying Wang, Weijie Li, Qian Wang, Ziwei Hu, Yaping Hao, Li Hu, Yawen Sun, Guanglin Xu, Guizhen Ao
BACKGROUND: Chemotherapy resistance remains a major challenge in cancer treatment. COX-2 (cyclooxygenase 2) is involved in drug resistance and poor prognosis of many neoplastic diseases or cancers. However, investigations identifying new modulators of COX-2 pathway and searching for new chemicals targeting these valid resistant biomarkers are still greatly needed. METHODS: HCT15, HCT-116, HT-29, COLO205, FHC, IMCE, SW480 cell lines were used to detect the expression of YAP and COX-2...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032972/long-term-cardiovascular-impacts-after-burn-and-non-burn-trauma-a-comparative-population-based-study
#15
Janine M Duke, Sean M Randall, Mark W Fear, Emily O'Halloran, James H Boyd, Suzanne Rea, Fiona M Wood
OBJECTIVE: To compare post-injury cardiovascular disease (CVD) hospital admissions experienced by burn patients with non-burn trauma patients and people with no record of injury, adjusting for socio-demographic, health and injury factors. METHODS: Linked hospital and death data were analysed for a cohort of burn patients (n=30,997) hospitalised in Western Australia during the period 1980-2012 and age and gender frequency matched comparison cohorts (non-burn trauma: n=28,647; non-injured: n=123,399)...
October 9, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032204/angtensin-ii-elicits-a-camp-dependent-intestinal-anion-secretion-by-stimulating-pge2-release-through-at1-subtype-receptors-in-rat-ileum
#16
Ling Xiao, Hong-Wei Liu, Hong Di, Li-Xin Chen, Qing Zhou, Xin Yu, Haiyan Jing, Shuhai Tang
A growing literature has demonstrated that the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) involves in gut function. Angiotensin II (AngII) stimulates Cl(-) secretion in intestine epithelial cells. However, the underlying signal pathway remains unexplored. Here, we explored that serosal application of Ang II (5 × 10(-8) M) significantly increased the baseline Isc compared to the control group in rat ileum. Tetrodotoxin (TTX) failed to suppress Isc evoked by Ang II. However, the Ang II-evoked Isc was significantly suppressed by the ATR1 antagonist losartan instead of ATR2 antagonist PD123319...
October 11, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031400/neither-linoleic-acid-nor-arachidonic-acid-promote-white-adipose-tissue-inflammation-in-fads2-mice-fed-low-fat-diets
#17
Katherine Suitor, George W Payne, Ousseynou Sarr, Salma Abdelmagid, Manabu T Nakamura, David Wl Ma, David M Mutch
Dietary n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) are widely perceived to promote inflammation and contribute to the development of chronic diseases. This dogma has been recently questioned due to evidence that n-6 PUFA, specifically linoleic acid (LA, 18:2n-6) and arachidonic acid (AA, 20:4n-6), do not appear to activate inflammatory signalling pathways when consumed in moderate amounts. However, delineating the independent roles of different dietary n-6 PUFA in vivo is challenging because LA is continuously converted into AA in a pathway regulated by the fatty acid desaturase 2 (Fads2) gene...
November 2017: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031211/cyanidin-3-o-glucoside-inhibits-the-uvb-induced-ros-cox-2-pathway-in-hacat-cells
#18
Yong He, Yunfeng Hu, Xinwei Jiang, Tianfeng Chen, Yuetang Ma, Shi Wu, Jianxia Sun, Rui Jiao, Xiaoling Li, Liehua Deng, Weibin Bai
Ultraviolet (UV) radiation from sunlight, especially UVB (290-320nm), is one of the most important environmental factors that destroys the integrity of the skin and causes epidermal cell apoptosis, potentially even leading to skin cancer. UVB irradiation can cause skin damage by stimulating inflammatory and apoptotic pathways. Anthocyanins are flavonoids that are common in many vegetable foods, and have also demonstrated chemopreventive effects. Cyanidin-3-O-glucoside, as a typical anthocyanin, exhibits anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant effects...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030355/a-prognostic-bio-model-based-on-sqstm1-and-n-stage-identifies-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-patients-at-high-risk-of-metastasis-for-additional-induction-chemotherapy
#19
Qi Yang, Meng-Xia Zhang, Xiong Zou, You-Ping Liu, Rui You, Tao Yu, Rou Jiang, Yi-Nuan Zhang, Jing-Yu Cao, Ming-Huang Hong, Qing Liu, Ling Guo, Tiebang Kang, Xiaofeng Zhu, Ming-Yuan Chen
PURPOSE: Metastasis is one of the most important causes of treatment failure in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). In T4 or N2-3 patients at high risk of metastasis, concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) is inadequate and additional induction chemotherapy (IC) is controversial. There is a critical need to develop a better patient stratification to efficiently identify patients at high risk of metastasis for additional IC. Recently, Sequestosome 1 (SQSTM1)/p62, an autophagy adaptor protein, was identified as one of the metastasis-related proteins in NPC...
October 13, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030353/rad50-expression-is-associated-with-poor-clinical-outcomes-after-radiotherapy-for-resected-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#20
Yifan Wang, Jayanthi Gudikote, Uma Giri, Jun Yan, Weiye Deng, Rui Ye, Wen Jiang, Nan Li, Brian Hobbs, Jing Wang, Stephen G Swisher, Junya Fujimoto, Ignacio Ivan Wistuba, Ritsuko Komaki, John Heymach, Steven H Lin
PURPOSE: Although postoperative radiotherapy is often used to maintain local control after surgical resection and chemotherapy for locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), both locoregional failure and distant metastasis remain problematic.  The mechanisms of therapeutic resistance remain poorly understood.    Experimental Design: We used reverse-phase protein arrays (RPPAs) to profile the baseline expression of 170 total and phosphorylated proteins in 70 NSCLC cell lines to categorize pathways that may contribute to radiation resistance...
October 13, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
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