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Thoracic and lung ultrasound

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30103730/diagnostic-value-of-cardiopulmonary-ultrasound-in-elderly-patients-with-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#1
Daozheng Huang, Huan Ma, Zhiyuan Xiao, Michael Blaivas, Ying Chen, Jianyi Wen, Weixin Guo, Jun Liang, Xiaolong Liao, Zhonghua Wang, Hanbiao Li, Jie Li, Yangong Chao, Xiao Ting Wang, Yan Wu, Tiehe Qin, Ke Su, Shouhong Wang, Ning Tan
BACKGROUND: Lung ultrasound and echocardiography are mainly applied in critical care and emergency medicine. However, the diagnostic value of cardiopulmonary ultrasound in elderly patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is still unclear. METHODS: Consecutive patients admitted to ICU with the diagnosis of suspected ARDS based on clinical grounds were enrolled. Cardiopulmonary ultrasound was performed as part of monitoring on day 1, day 2 and day 3...
August 13, 2018: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30075063/distribution-of-alveolar-interstitial-syndrome-in-dogs-and-cats-with-respiratory-distress-as-assessed-by-lung-ultrasound-versus-thoracic-radiographs
#2
Jessica L Ward, Gregory R Lisciandro, Teresa C DeFrancesco
OBJECTIVE: To assess distribution of alveolar-interstitial syndrome (AIS) detected by lung ultrasound (LUS) compared to thoracic radiographs (TXR). DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: University teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Seventy-six dogs and 24 cats with acute respiratory distress or tachypnea. INTERVENTIONS: Patients underwent LUS and TXR within 6 hours. Lung ultrasound images were scored for presence and quantity of B-lines in 4 lung quadrants (right cranial, right caudal, left cranial, left caudal)...
August 3, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30047996/the-impact-of-fetal-endoscopic-tracheal-occlusion-in-isolated-left-sided-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia-on-left-sided-cardiac-dimensions
#3
Gurpreet S Dhillon, Shiraz A Maskatia, Robert W Loar, John L Colquitt, Amy R Mehollin-Ray, Rodrigo Ruano, Michael A Belfort, Oluyinka O Olutoye, Joshua A Kailin
OBJECTIVES: Fetal endoscopic tracheal occlusion (FETO) is offered to fetuses with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) and severe lung hypoplasia to promote lung growth and may secondarily affect left heart growth. The effects of FETO on left heart hypoplasia (LHH) are not described post-CDH repair. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed for fetuses with left-sided CDH who underwent FETO and severity-matched controls from 2007-2016 at our institution. Echocardiographic, ultrasound, and MRI data were reviewed...
July 26, 2018: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30047160/feasibility-of-real-time-lung-tumor-motion-monitoring-using-intrafractional-ultrasound-and-kv-cone-beam-projection-images
#4
Farshad Mostafaei, An Tai, Elizabeth Gore, Candice Johnstone, William Haase, Christopher Ehlers, David T Cooper, Martin Lachaine, X Allen Li
PURPOSE: The ability to monitor intrafractional tumor motion is essential for radiation therapy of thoracic and abdominal tumors. This study aims to develop a method to track lung tumor motion using intrafractional continuous ultrasound (US) and periodic cone-beam projection images (CBPI). METHODS: Time-sequenced b-mode US and CBPI data were extracted from the data acquired with the Clarity® and XVI platforms on an Elekta linac, respectively. The data was synchronized through a video capture card (VCE-PRO, IMPERX Inc...
July 26, 2018: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30041286/usefulness-of-transthoracic-lung-ultrasound-for-the-diagnosis-of-mild-pneumothorax
#5
Tae Sung Hwang, Young Min Yoon, Dong In Jung, Seong Chan Yeon, Hee Chun Lee
The aim of present study was to investigate the diagnostic accuracy of ultrasonography features for the detection of mild pneumothorax using CT in dogs. Nine adult healthy beagles were included in the study. The thoracic tube was inserted into pleural space at the left thoracic wall. All dogs underwent the examinations in the order of CT, lung ultrasound, and radiography examinations before the infusion of room air into the pleural space. Typically, 2, 3 (total 5 ml/kg), and 5 ml/kg (total 10 ml/kg) of room air was sequentially infused into the pleural space and CT, lung ultrasound, and radiography examinations were performed, respectively...
July 20, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29980450/postoperative-chest-ultrasound-findings-and-effectiveness-after-thoracic-surgery-a-pilot-study
#6
Marco Chiappetta, Elisa Meacci, Alfredo Cesario, Andrea Smargiassi, Riccardo Inchingolo, Leonardo Petracca Ciavarella, Stefania Lopatriello, Andrea Contegiacomo, Maria Teresa Congedo, Stefano Margaritora
The aim of this study was to analyze the information from post-operative chest ultrasound (CU) to evaluate the possibility to use this method instead of chest X-ray (CXR) after thoracic surgery. Patients who underwent thoracic surgery were evaluated with CU blinded to CXR after surgery, deciding if it was useful or CU was exhaustive. Twenty-four patients were enrolled prospectively. The CU allowed a further discrimination of the lung abnormalities, discriminating between atelectasis, infections or hematoma...
July 3, 2018: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29958691/use-of-thoracic-ultrasound-by-physiotherapists-a-scoping-review-of-the-literature
#7
REVIEW
S A Hayward, J Janssen
BACKGROUND: Use of diagnostic thoracic ultrasound (TUS) in medical professions to examine the pleura, lung parenchyma and diaphragm is gaining in popularity, however the ways in which physiotherapists are using TUS is unclear. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this scoping review is to gain an understanding of the emerging evidence base surrounding physiotherapy use of TUS to inform research and clinical practice. DATA SOURCES: A systematic search was conducted of the following databases: Cochrane, EPPI centre, PROSPERO, Medline, CINAHL, AMED, EMBASE, HMIC, and BNI...
February 2, 2018: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29939888/convex-probe-ebus-guided-fiducial-placement-for-malignant-central-lung-lesions
#8
Adnan Majid, Atul Palkar, Fayez Kheir, Daniel Alape, Sebastian Fernandez-Bussy, Joseph Aronovitz, Jorge Guerrero, Sidhu Gangadharan, Michael Kent, Richard Whyte, Erik Folch
BACKGROUND: Stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) had become a therapeutic modality in patients with primary tumors, locally recurrent as well as oligometastasis involving the lung. Some modalities of SBRT require fiducial marker (FM) for dynamic tumor tracking. Previous studies have focused on evaluating bronchoscopic-guided FM placement for peripheral lung nodules. We describe the safety and feasibility of placing FM using real-time convex probe endobronchial ultrasound (CP-EBUS) for SBRT in patients with centrally located hilar/mediastinal masses or lymph nodes...
June 22, 2018: Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29936563/thoracic-fluid-content-a-novel-parameter-for-detection-of-pulmonary-edema-in-parturients-with-preeclampsia
#9
Yahya Hammad, Ahmed Hasanin, Ahmed Elsakka, Amira Refaie, Doaa Abdelfattah, Sherif Abdel Rahman, Marwa Zayed, Yasmin Hassabelnaby, Ahmed Mukhtar, Amina Omran
Acute pulmonary oedema is a serious complication of preeclampsia. Early detection of pulmonary edema in preeclampsia would improve fluid management and would also allow earlier detection of severe cases. The aim of this work is to evaluate the ability of thoracic fluid content measured by electrical cardiometry for early detection of pulmonary edema in parturients with preeclampsia. A prospective observational study included a cohort of preeclamptic parturients. On admission, lung ultrasound score was calculated, and thoracic fluid content was recorded using electrical cardiometry ICON device...
June 23, 2018: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933484/-modern-management-of-pancoast-tumour
#10
Alessandro Marra
Pancoast or superior pulmonary sulcus tumour is a subset of lung carcinoma that invades the structures of the thoracic inlet - first ribs, distal roots of the brachial plexus, stellate ganglion, vertebrae, and subclavian vessels. The first symptom is usually shoulder pain; consequently, most patients are initially treated for osteoarthritis. Late diagnosis is common. Success of therapy depends on an accurate staging: standard imaging with CT scan of the chest, PET-CT scan, brain MRI are needed to rule out distant metastases, endobronchial ultrasound-guided needle biopsy (EBUS-TBNA) or mediastinoscopy are mandatory for reliable nodal staging...
June 2018: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908981/clinical-mis-stagings-and-risk-factors-of-occult-nodal-disease-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#11
Adam R Dyas, Robert W King, Asem F Ghanim, Robert J Cerfolio
BACKGROUND: Our objective is to compare the clinical to the pathologic stage in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS: Review of a prospective database from one surgeon. Patients had NSCLC, chest tomography (CT) and most had positron emissions tomography (PET). Those with suggested N1, N2, central tumors and/or tumors > 5 cm underwent mediastinoscopy and/or endobronchial ultrasound and, if N2 negative, underwent resection with complete thoracic lymphadenectomy...
June 14, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785294/development-of-a-precision-multimodal-surgical-navigation-system-for-lung-robotic-segmentectomy
#12
Jean Marc Baste, Valentin Soldea, Samy Lachkar, Philippe Rinieri, Mathieu Sarsam, Benjamin Bottet, Christophe Peillon
Minimally invasive sublobar anatomical resection is becoming more and more popular to manage early lung lesions. Robotic-assisted thoracic surgery (RATS) is unique in comparison with other minimally invasive techniques. Indeed, RATS is able to better integrate multiple streams of information including advanced imaging techniques, in an immersive experience at the level of the robotic console. Our aim was to describe three-dimensional (3D) imaging throughout the surgical procedure from preoperative planning to intraoperative assistance and complementary investigations such as radial endobronchial ultrasound (R-EBUS) and virtual bronchoscopy for pleural dye marking...
April 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773295/the-diagnostic-yield-using-ultrasound-guided-needle-aspiration-for-subpleural-primary-lung-cancer-is-not-affected-by-the-radiological-properties-of-the-lesions-resulting-from-computed-tomography
#13
Naoko Iwakami, Shin-Ichiro Iwakami, Munechika Hara, Mitsuaki Sekiya, Takashi Dambara, Kazuhisa Takahashi
BACKGROUND: It is well known that ultrasound-guided needle-aspiration (USGNA) for intrapulmonary subpleural lesion in contact with the pleura is useful and safe, and its diagnostic yield is high. However, reports concerned with the analyses of cases with intrapulmonary subpleural lesion which could not be diagnosed using USGNA are limited. The objective of this study is to clarify the radiological properties of subpleural primary lung cancer which obstruct diagnosis by USGNA. METHODS: The consecutive cases with subpleural primary lung cancer whose radiological properties could be confirmed by thoracic computed tomography (CT) without contrast enhancement (CE), and examined by USGNA at our hospital between January 1999 and December 2014 have been analyzed...
May 2018: Respiratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737598/-blind-pericardiocentesis-a-comparison-of-different-puncture-directions
#14
Nils Petri, Babett Ertel, Tobias Gassenmaier, Björn Lengenfelder, Thorsten A Bley, Wolfram Voelker
BACKGROUND: "Blind" pericardiocentesis is the standard procedure for emergency pericardial drainage when ultrasound guidance is unavailable. Under these circumstances, puncture site and needle direction are exclusively oriented according to certain anatomic landmarks. In the literature, different techniques for this "blind" method have been described. Goal of this retrospective study was to compare the potential success and complication rate of 13 simulated puncture directions...
May 8, 2018: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736195/chest-ultrasonography-in-modern-day-extreme-settings-from-military-setting-and-natural-disasters-to-space-flights-and-extreme-sports
#15
REVIEW
Francesco Feletti, Viviana Mucci, Andrea Aliverti
Chest ultrasonography (CU) is a noninvasive imaging technique able to provide an immediate diagnosis of the underlying aetiology of acute respiratory failure and traumatic chest injuries. Given the great technologies, it is now possible to perform accurate CU in remote and adverse environments including the combat field, extreme sport settings, and environmental disasters, as well as during space missions. Today, the usage of CU in the extreme emergency setting is more likely to occur, as this technique proved to be a fast diagnostic tool to assist resuscitation manoeuvres and interventional procedures in many cases...
2018: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719195/sarcoidosis-a-state-of-the-art-review-from-the-thoracic-society-of-australia-and-new-zealand
#16
Hasib Ahmadzai, Shuying Huang, Chris Steinfort, James Markos, Roger Ka Allen, Denis Wakefield, Margaret Wilsher, Paul S Thomas
Sarcoidosis is a systemic disease of unknown aetiology, characterised by non-caseating granulomatous inflammation. It most commonly manifests in the lungs and intrathoracic lymph nodes but can affect any organ. This summary of an educational resource provided by the Thoracic Society of Australia and New Zealand outlines the current understanding of sarcoidosis and highlights the need for further research. Our knowledge of the aetiology and immunopathogenesis of sarcoidosis remains incomplete. The enigma of sarcoidosis lies in its immunological paradox of type 1 T helper cell-dominated local inflammation co-existing with T regulatory-induced peripheral anergy...
June 18, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709051/thoracic-ultrasound-for-the-detection-of-rib-metastases-of-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#17
Ioannis Tomos, Nikos Tziolos, Thomas Raptakis, Dimitra Kavatha
Transthoracic ultrasound has lately emerged as a useful diagnostic tool for respiratory physicians in the diagnosis of diverse pulmonary diseases, usually including pleural effusion and pneumothorax. However, the use of chest ultrasound may be also critical in the evaluation of chest wall diseases. Therefore, we present an interesting case of a patient with metastases of lung cancer to the rib, detected during the chest wall ultrasound examination. By representing a non-invasive, surface-imaging technique with several advantages, chest ultrasound may evolve to a valid, bed-side diagnostic tool for the diagnosis and follow up of lung cancer with metastases in the chest wall...
2018: Advances in Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707354/fiducial-marker-placement-for-stereotactic-body-radiation-therapy-via-convex-probe-endobronchial-ultrasound-a-case-series-and-review-of-literature
#18
REVIEW
Benjamin J Seides, John P Egan, Kim D French, Kevin L Kovitz, Neeraj R Desai
Convex probe endobronchial ultrasound (CP-EBUS) and stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) are valuable tools in the diagnosis, staging, and treatment of thoracic malignancies. With widespread clinical adoption, novel uses of CP-EBUS beyond mediastinal diagnosis and staging continue to be discovered. SBRT is an attractive treatment strategy in early-stage lung cancer and oligo-metastatic disease of the chest when a surgical approach is either not feasible or desirable. Accurate application of SBRT is aided by the placement of radio-opaque fiducial markers (FM) to compensate for respiratory cycle movements...
March 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686784/primary-malignant-melanoma-of-the-lung-a-case-report-of-a-rare-tumor-and-review-of-the-literature
#19
Muharrem Yunce, Stephen Selinger, William Krimsky, Daniel P Harley
Primary malignant melanoma of the lung (PMML) is a rare malignancy that exhibits aggressive behavior and has a very poor prognosis. We are reporting on a case of PMML in an otherwise healthy 22-year-old Caucasian male with no significant past medical history and an unremarkable family history. The patient initially presented with a 2-month history of a cough and an unexplained 22-lb weight loss. His initial chest X-ray demonstrated opacification of the right lower lobe (RLL) of his lung and a subsequent computerized tomography scan (CT scan) of his lung revealed a large mass occupying most of his RLL (Figure 1)...
2018: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686741/endobronchial-ultrasound-transbronchial-needle-aspiration-in-thoracic-diseases-much-more-than-mediastinal-staging
#20
Juliana Guarize, Monica Casiraghi, Stefano Donghi, Cristina Diotti, Nicolo Vanoni, Rosalia Romano, Chiara Casadio, Daniela Brambilla, Patrick Maisonneuve, Francesco Petrella, Lorenzo Spaggiari
Background and Objective: EBUS-TBNA has revolutionized the diagnostic approach to thoracic diseases from a surgical to minimally invasive procedure. In non small-cell lung cancer (NCSLC) patients, EBUS-TBNA is able to dictate the consecutive therapy both for early and advanced stages, providing pathological diagnosis, mediastinal staging, and even adequate specimens for molecular analysis. This study reports on the ability of EBUS-TBNA to make different diagnoses and dictates the consecutive therapy in a large cohort of patients presenting different thoracic diseases...
2018: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
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