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Clinical nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228514/gait-speed-predicts-post-operative-medical-complications-in-elderly-gastric-cancer-patients-undergoing-gastrectomy
#1
Arvine Chandoo, Chu-Huai Chi, Weiping Ji, Yingpeng Huang, Xiao-Dong Chen, Wei-Teng Zhang, Rui-Sen Wu, Xian Shen
BACKGROUND: Gait speed is a clinical outcome that can measure the physical performance of elderly gastric patients. The purpose of this study was to determine the importance of gait speed in predicting post-operative morbidities in elderly patients undergoing curative gastrectomy. METHODS: We conducted a prospective study of 357 elderly patients (≥65 years old) undergoing curative gastrectomy. Preoperative gait speed was measured in a 6-m well-lit and unobstructed hallway...
December 11, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228436/the-effect-of-ventilator-mask-atomization-inhalation-of-ipratropium-bromide-and-budesonide-suspension-liquid-in-the-treatment-of-copd-in-acute-exacerbation-period-on-circulating-levels-of-inflammation-and-prognosis
#2
D-H Jiang, X Wang, L-S Liu, D-D Ji, N Zhang
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the effects of ventilator mask atomization inhalation of ipratropium bromide and budesonide suspension liquid in the treatment of acute exacerbation COPD (AECOPD) on circulating levels of inflammatory factors and prognosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 86 cases of patients on ventilator support were randomly divided into control group and observation group with 43 cases each. The control group was administered routine treatment including basic disease treatment, anti-infection, maintenance of a stable internal environment, nutritional support, oxygen inhalation and so on...
November 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227977/red-blood-cell-distribution-width-is-an-independent-predictor-of-aki-and-mortality-in-patients-in-the-coronary-care-unit
#3
Yugang Hu, Huilan Liu, Shuai Fu, Jing Wan, Xiaoning Li
BACKGROUND/AIMS: We investigated the hypothesis that RDW is an independent predictor of acute kidney injury (AKI) and mortality in patients in the coronary care unit (CCU). METHODS: In this prospective, observational study, we screened 412 adults admitted to the CCU at Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University from January 1, 2014 to June 1, 2015. AKI was defined based on the KDIGO-AKI criteria. The survivors were followed up for up to 2 years after hospital discharge...
December 8, 2017: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227461/population-pharmacokinetics-of-lopinavir-in-severely-malnourished-hiv-infected-children-and-the-effect-on-treatment-outcomes
#4
Moherndran Archary, Helen Mcllleron, Raziya Bobat, Phillip La Russa, Thobekile Sibaya, Lubbe Wiesner, Stefanie Hennig
BACKGROUND: In developing countries, malnutrition remains a common clinical syndrome at antiretroviral treatment (ART) initiation. Physiological changes due to malnutrition and during nutritional recovery could affect the pharmacokinetics of antiretroviral drugs. METHODS: HIV-infected children admitted with severe acute malnutrition were randomised to early or delayed initiation of lopinavir/ritonavir, abacavir and lamivudine using WHO weight-band dosage charts...
December 8, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227327/effect-of-nutritional-risk-on-short-term-outcomes-after-laparoscopic-assisted-gastrectomy-a-prospective-study-from-two-centers
#5
Wei-Zhe Chen, Xi-Yi Chen, Feng-Min Zhang, Qian-Tong Dong, Yan-Bin Ji, Xiao-Lei Chen, Cheng-Le Zhuang, Xiao-Xi Chen
BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of this prospective double-center study was to explore the effect of nutritional risk on short-term outcomes in the patients who had gastric cancer and underwent a laparoscopic-assisted gastrectomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a study of patients who underwent laparoscopic-assisted gastrectomy in two large centers between June 2014 and April 2017. Patients' demographic and clinical characteristics and postoperative short-term outcomes were prospectively analyzed...
December 8, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225208/dietary-calcium-and-serum-25ohd-protect-chinese-women-from-type-2-diabetes
#6
Lijun Feng, Zhefang Hu, Qingqing Wang
The Chinese dietary structure is different from Western and Mediterranean diets. This study aimed to assess the association of dietary calcium, serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD), and other macronutrients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) in Chinese patients. This case-control study enrolled 605 patients (males, 337; females, 268) with T2D and 724 healthy subjects (males, 405; females, 319) at Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital from February to April 2014. Dietary calcium, total energy, fat to energy ratio, glucose administration, 2-h postprandial blood glucose, serum total cholesterol and high density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol, and serum 25OHD level were assessed...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225195/strengthening-integration-of-clinical-and-public-health-systems-to-prevent-maternal-child-obesity-in-the-first-1-000days-a-collective-impact-approach
#7
Tiffany Blake-Lamb, Alexy Arauz Boudreau, Sarah Matathia, Etna Tiburcio, Meghan E Perkins, Brianna Roche, Milton Kotelchuck, Derri Shtasel, Sarah N Price, Elsie M Taveras
INTRODUCTION: Obesity interventions may be most effective if they begin in the earliest stages of life, support changes across family, clinical, and public health systems, and address socio-contextual factors. METHODS: The First 1000Days is a systematic program starting in early pregnancy lasting through the first 24months of infancy to prevent obesity among low-income mother-infant pairs in three community health centers in Massachusetts. The program uses a Collective Impact approach to create the infrastructure for sustained, system-wide changes for obesity prevention across early life clinical and public health services, including Obstetrics, Pediatrics, Adult Medicine, Behavioral Health, Nutrition, Community Health, the Women, Infants and Children (WIC) program, and the Maternal, Infant and Childhood Home Visiting program...
December 7, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224693/musculoskeletal-health-and-frailty
#8
REVIEW
Fiona E McGuigan, Patrik Bartosch, Kristina E Åkesson
Frailty is a consequence of advanced aging, where the frailty phenotype tries to capture overall decline in health. Frailty involves multiple physiological systems that are intrinsically inter-related and with highly complex interactions. Frailty is closely linked to musculoskeletal health; musculoskeletal functioning is a key component in quantifying frailty, while at the same time, frailty is associated with the most common age-related musculoskeletal conditions: osteoporosis, fractures, falls, osteoarthritis, and spinal conditions...
April 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224583/nutrients-for-neurocognition-in-health-and-disease-measures-methodologies-and-mechanisms
#9
Andrew Scholey
Effective pharmaceutical treatments for age-related cognitive decline have proved elusive. There is, however, compelling evidence that nutritional status and supplementation could play crucial roles in modifying the expression of cognitive change through the lifespan. Subjective memory impairment and mild cognitive impairment can be harbingers of dementia but this is by no means inevitable. Neurocognitive change is influenced by a variety of processes, many of which are involved in other aspects of systemic health, including cardiovascular function...
December 11, 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223678/protein-sparing-therapies-in-acute-illness-and-obesity-a-review-of-george-blackburn-s-contributions-to-nutrition-science
#10
REVIEW
Dylan D Thomas, Nawfal W Istfan, Bruce R Bistrian, Caroline M Apovian
Protein sparing therapies were developed to mitigate the harms associated with protein-calorie malnutrition and nitrogen losses induced by either acute illness or hypocaloric diets in patients with obesity. We review the development of protein sparing therapies in illness and obesity with a focus on the pioneering contributions of George Blackburn, MD, PhD. He recognized that protein-calorie malnutrition is a common and serious clinical condition and developed new approaches to its treatment in hospitalized patients...
December 7, 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223567/predictive-ability-of-the-evaruci-scale-and-comhon-index-for-pressure-injury-risk-in-critically-ill-patients-a-diagnostic-accuracy-study
#11
M de Los Ángeles Leal-Felipe, M Del Carmen Arroyo-López, M Del Cristo Robayna-Delgado, Ana Gómez-Espejo, Patricia Perera-Díaz, Carmen D Chinea-Rodríguez, Natalia García-Correa, Alejandro Jiménez-Sosa
BACKGROUND: Hospital-acquired pressure injuries are a costly and largely preventable complication occurring in a variety of acute care settings. Patients admitted to the intensive care unit are at greater risk of developing pressure injuries. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the efficiency of scales to measure pressure injury risk increase when a continuously updated 3-day moving average method is used. METHODS: With a retrospective cohort design we recruited 3085 patients treated between June 2011 and February 2015 in the intensive care unit of a tertiary level university hospital...
December 6, 2017: Australian Critical Care: Official Journal of the Confederation of Australian Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222899/prevalence-and-determinants-of-iron-deficiency-anemia-among-non-pregnant-women-of-reproductive-age-in-pakistan
#12
Muhammad Atif Habib, Camille Raynes-Greenow, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Noshad Ali, Sidrah Nausheen, Imran Ahmed, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Kirsten I Black
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Iron deficiency Anemia (IDA) in women of reproductive age is a recognized public health concern that impairs health and well-being in women and is associated with adverse reproductive outcomes. In Pakistan there is a dearth of up-to-date information on the prevalence and predictors of IDA. This study sought to investigate IDA in Pakistani women. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Secondary analysis was performed using the National Nutrition Survey in Pakistan 2011- 2012...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222894/international-hospital-accreditation-and-clinical-nutrition-service-in-acute-care-hospitals-in-south-korea-results-of-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-survey
#13
Mi Hyang Um, Eun Soon Lyu, Song Mi Lee, Yoo Kyoung Park
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Beginning in 2007, 29 hospitals in South Korea have received accreditation from Joint Commission International (JCI). The present study aimed to identify differences in clinical nutrition service provisions between JCI accredited acute care hospitals and non-accredited acute care hospitals. A survey questionnaire was sent to all 43 acute care hospitals in South Korea. METHODS: A total of 35 sets of clinical nutrition service surveys, 234 sets of clinical dietitian job satisfaction surveys, and five-day daily work logs from 129 clinical dietitians were received...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222889/effects-of-parenteral-%C3%AF-3-fatty-acid-supplementation-in-postoperative-gastrointestinal-cancer-on-immune-function-and-length-of-hospital-stay-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Hao Bai, Zhaoping Li, Yan Meng, Yue Yu, Huanhuan Zhang, Deqiang Shen, Liyong Chen
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Omega-3 fatty acids are widely used in nutritional support. However, whether parenteral supplementation with ω-3 fatty acids is effective for gastrointestinal cancer patients remains uncertain. This study assessed the effects of this form of parenteral nutrition on immune function and clinical outcomes in postoperative gastrointestinal cancer patients. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: We searched Medline, Embase, Scopus, and the reference lists of selected studies to identify randomized controlled trials that compared ω-3 fatty acids with a control, and that included immune indices, infectious complications, or length of hospital stay in the final outcomes...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222876/asia-pacific-clinical-nutrition-society-award-for-2018-professor-chunming-chen
#15
Duo Li
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222250/iron-deficiency-in-gynecology-and-obstetrics-clinical-implications-and-management
#16
REVIEW
Christian Breymann, Michael Auerbach
Iron deficiency is the commonest cause of anemia during pregnancy; however, its prevalence is highly determined by nutritional and socioeconomic status. Oral iron is the frontline therapy, but is often poorly tolerated. Awareness of the available intravenous formulations is essential for management. Before delivery, risk factors such as multiparity and heavy uterine bleeding increase the prevalence of iron deficiency and should be motivation for early diagnosis and treatment. Neonates born with iron deficiency have a statistically significant increment in both cognitive and behavioral abnormalities that persist after repletion, highlighting the need for heightened awareness of the diagnosis...
December 8, 2017: Hematology—the Education Program of the American Society of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222066/large-scale-randomized-clinical-trials-of-bioactives-and-nutrients-in-relation-to-human-health-and-disease-prevention-lessons-from-the-vital-and-cosmos-trials
#17
REVIEW
Susanne Rautiainen, Howard D Sesso, Joann E Manson
Several bioactive compounds and nutrients in foods have physiological properties that are beneficial for human health. While nutrients typically have clear definitions with established levels of recommended intakes, bioactive compounds often lack such a definition. Although a food-based approach is often the optimal approach to ensure adequate intake of bioactives and nutrients, these components are also often produced as dietary supplements. However, many of these supplements are not sufficiently studied and have an unclear role in chronic disease prevention...
December 5, 2017: Molecular Aspects of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221637/effect-of-previous-abdominal-surgery-and-gallbladder-appearance-on-biliary-atresia-outcomes
#18
Ayman Goneidy, Evelyn Geok Peng Ong
BACKGROUND: Biliary atresia (BA) is typically treated by Kasai portoenterostomy (KPE), and there is a relationship between age at surgery and outcome. We hypothesize that previous abdominal surgery (PAS) for associated congenital intestinal conditions could be used to identify BA earlier, perhaps improving prognosis. METHODS: A retrospective case note review was performed of all BA patients at a single centre from 1999 to 2016. Demographics and clinical outcome data were collected...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221626/effects-of-oral-nutritional-supplements-on-mortality-missed-dialysis-treatments-and-nutritional-markers-in-hemodialysis-patients
#19
Debbie Benner, Steven M Brunelli, Becky Brosch, Jane Wheeler, Allen R Nissenson
OBJECTIVE: Protein-energy wasting is common in end-stage renal disease patients undergoing dialysis and is strongly associated with mortality and adverse outcomes. Intradialytic oral nutritional supplements (ONS) reduce risk of mortality in these patients. Large studies characterizing the impact of ONS on other outcomes are lacking. We assessed the associations between administration of ONS and clinical and nutritional outcomes. DESIGN: Retrospective evaluation of a pilot program providing ONS to patients at a large dialysis organization in the United States...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221284/comparison-of-perioperative-outcomes-following-hybrid-minimally-invasive-versus-open-ivor-lewis-esophagectomy-for-esophageal-cancer
#20
Ju Sik Yun, Kook Joo Na, Sang Yun Song, Seok Kim, In Seok Jeong, Sang Gi Oh
Background: The outcomes of various minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE) procedures for esophageal cancer have been reported; however, those of the hybrid approach are lacking. This study aimed to assess the impacts of hybrid minimally invasive Ivor Lewis esophagectomy (HIL, laparoscopy and right thoracotomy) for esophageal cancer on perioperative outcomes compared with the open approach. Methods: This was a retrospective study of 153 patients who underwent Ivor Lewis esophagectomy for squamous cell carcinoma between January 2008 and December 2016...
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
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