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Clinical nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049045/nutrition-physical-activity-and-lifestyle-factors-in-prostate-cancer-prevention
#1
Eric Ballon-Landa, John Kellogg Parsons
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review current evidence for prostate cancer prevention with nutrition, physical activity, and lifestyle interventions and identify future research directions. RECENT FINDINGS: Multiple preclinical and observational studies have observed that diet, exercise, and lifestyle interventions may play a role in mitigating disease progression, mortality, and overall disease burden for high-grade and fatal prostate cancer. Increased vegetable and fruit intakes, decreased red meat and saturated fat intakes, and increased exercise are potentially associated with decreased risk of incident disease and increased progression-free, prostate cancer-specific, and overall survival...
October 18, 2017: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049040/the-relationship-between-nutritional-risks-and-cancer-related-fatigue-in-patients-with-colorectal-cancer-fast-track-surgery
#2
Jian-Ning Wei, Shu-Xia Li
BACKGROUND: Measurement of cancer-related fatigue and nutrition in the same colorectal cancer patient group using fast-track surgery has never been examined previously. The association between fatigue and nutritional status in the same patient group is thus worthwhile to be investigated. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between fatigue and nutrition risk factors in colorectal cancer patients with fast-track surgery. METHODS: This is a single-arm, observational study...
October 18, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048383/is-there-a-causal-relationship-between-intussusception-and-food-allergy
#3
Emrah Aydin, Omer F Beşer, Esra Ozek, Soner Sazak, Ensar Duras
Although intussusception and food allergy are common health problems in childhood, the relation between these two diseases remain obscure. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between food allergy and intussusception, and the factors associated with both. Patients diagnosed with intussusception by the Brighton Collaboration Intussusception Working Group criteria were prospectively investigated for food allergy per the European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) Guideline...
October 19, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047047/impact-of-bariatric-surgery-on-outcomes-of-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-nationwide-inpatient-sample-analysis-2004-2014
#4
Prabin Sharma, Thomas R McCarty, Basile Njei
PURPOSE: There is a paucity of data regarding the benefits of bariatric surgery in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the role of bariatric surgery on clinical outcomes among hospitalized patients with IBD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The United States (US) National Inpatient Sample database was queried between 2004 and 2014 for discharges with co-diagnoses of morbid obesity and IBD. Hospitalizations with a history of prior-bariatric surgery were also identified...
October 18, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046759/copper-deficiency-a-new-triad-anemia-leucopenia-and-myeloneuropathy
#5
Shoaib M Wazir, Ibrahim Ghobrial
Clinical copper deficiency is now more frequently recognized. Hematologically, it can present as anemia (microcytic, normocytic, or macrocytic) and neutropenia. Thrombocytopenia is relatively rare. Neurologically, it can manifest as myelopathy and peripheral neuropathy simulating subacute combined degeneration. Bone marrow findings can mimic myelodysplasia resulting in occasional inappropriate referral for bone marrow transplantation. Other conditions with similar presentations include infections, drug toxicity, autoimmunity, B12 deficiency, folate deficiency, myelodysplastic syndrome, aplastic anemia, and lymphoma with bone marrow involvement...
October 2017: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046259/assessing-the-impact-of-quality-improvement-measures-on-catheter-related-blood-stream-infections-and-catheter-salvage-experience-from-a-national-intestinal-failure-unit
#6
A Bond, A Teubner, M Taylor, C Cawley, A Abraham, M Dibb, P R Chadwick, M Soop, G Carlson, S Lal
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Prevention of catheter related blood stream infections (CRBSI) and salvage of infected central venous catheters (CVC) are vital to maintaining long term venous access in patients needing home parenteral nutrition (HPN). It remains unclear as to whether patients are best trained for catheter care at home or in hospital or whether CRBSIs are lower if the patient self-cares for the CVC. Furthermore, there is minimal data on the longer term outcome following salvage of infected catheter and limited consensus on agreed protocols for catheter salvage...
October 10, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046155/impact-of-dietary-fats-on-brain-functions
#7
Rosanna Chianese, Roberto Coccurello, Andrea Viggiano, Marika Scafuro, Marco Fiore, Giangennaro Coppola, Francesca Felicia Operto, Silvia Fasano, Sophie Layé, Riccardo Pierantoni, Rosaria Meccariello
Adequate dietary intake and nutritional status have important effects on brain functions and on brain health. Energy intake and specific nutrients excess or deficiency from diet differently affect cognitive processes, emotions, behaviour, neuroendocrine functions and synaptic plasticity with possible protective or detrimental effects on neuronal physiology. Lipids, in particular, play structural and functional roles in neurons. Here the importance of dietary fats and the need to understand the brain mechanisms activated by peripheral and central metabolic sensors...
October 17, 2017: Current Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046052/protective-effect-of-different-antioxidant-agents-in-uvb-irradiated-keratinocytes
#8
Sara Salucci, Sabrina Burattini, Francesca Buontempo, Alberto Maria Martelli, Elisabetta Falcieri, Michela Battistelli
Skin cells can respond to UVB-induced damage either by tolerating it, or restoring it through antioxidant activation and DNA repair mechanisms or, ultimately, undergoing programmed cell death, when damage is massive. Nutritional factors, in particular, food antioxidants, have attracted much interest because of their potential use in new preventive, protective, and therapeutic strategies for chronic degenerative diseases, including skin inflammation and cancer. Some polyphenols, present in virgin olive oil, well tolerated by organism after oral administration, show a variety of pharmacological and clinical benefits such as anti-oxidant, anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory, and neuro-protective activities...
September 18, 2017: European Journal of Histochemistry: EJH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046036/-spontaneous-pneumomediastinum-and-subcutaneous-emphysema-associated-with-bronchospasm-in-a-woman-with-no-history-of-asthma
#9
Tonatiuh Ramses Bedolla-Pulido, Martín Bedolla-Barajas
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous pneumomediastinum most relevant triggering events are cough, vomiting, nutritional problems, physical activity and use of inhaled drugs. Association of spontaneous pneumomediastinum with non-asthma-related bronchospasm is an infrequent event. CLINICAL CASE: This is the case of a 21-year-old woman without personal or family history of asthma, allergic rhinitis or atopy who during late puerperium had 39 °C fever, paroxysmal cough and chest oppression of sudden onset, as well as wheezing and subcutaneous emphysema of the neck; she had no previous nasal symptoms...
July 2017: Revista Alergia Mexico: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Mexicana de Alergia e Inmunología, A.C
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045957/-clinical-characteristics-of-neonatal-fungal-sepsis-in-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#10
X Zhang, X F Ru, Y Wang, X Li, T Sang, Q Feng
OBJECTIVE: To study the characteristics of neonatal fungal sepsis and the difference between bacterial sepsis and fungal sepsis. To improve the understanding of neonatal fungal sepsis. METHODS: Clinical data of neonatal fungal sepsis in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) were collected from 2011 to 2016 in Peking University first Hospital. The clinical characteristics were analyzed retrospectively. The difference between neonatal fungal sepsis and bacterial sepsis was also analyzed...
October 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045700/prediction-model-of-critical-weight-loss-in-cancer-patients-during-particle-therapy
#11
Zhihong Zhang, Y Zhu, Lijuan Zhang, Ziying Wang, Hongwei Wan
Background and purpose: The objective of this study is to investigate the predictors of critical weight loss in cancer patients receiving particle therapy, and build a prediction model based on its predictive factors. Materials and methods: Patients receiving particle therapy were enroled between June 2015 and June 2016. Body weight was measured at the start and end of particle therapy. Association between critical weight loss (defined as >5%) during particle therapy and patients' demographic, clinical characteristic, pre-therapeutic nutrition risk screening (NRS 2002) and BMI were evaluated by logistic regression and decision tree analysis...
October 17, 2017: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045423/candidemia-in-non-icu-surgical-wards-comparison-with-medical-wards
#12
Antonio Vena, Emilio Bouza, Maricela Valerio, Belén Padilla, José Ramón Paño-Pardo, Mario Fernández-Ruiz, Ana Díaz Martín, Miguel Salavert, Alessandra Mularoni, Mireia Puig-Asensio, Patricia Muñoz
Candidemia acquired outside critical care or hematological areas has received much attention in recent years; however, data on candidemia in surgical departments are very scarce. Our objectives were to describe episodes of candidemia diagnosed in surgical wards and to compare them with episodes occurring in medical wards. We performed a post hoc analysis of a prospective, multicenter study implemented in Spain during 2010-2011 (CANDIPOP project). Of the 752 episodes of candidemia, 369 (49.1%) occurred in patients admitted to surgical wards (165, 21...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043689/-mesenteric-edema-as-a-prenatal-ultrasound-sign-of-poor-prognosis-in-gastroschisis
#13
M Dore Reyes, P Triana Junco, J L Encinas Hernández, E Alvarado Antolín, J L Bartha Rasero, V Núñez Cerezo, M Romo Muñoz, M Gómez Cervantes, A Sánchez Galán, L Martínez Martínez, M López Santamaría
INTRODUCTION/AIM OF THE STUDY: Gastroschisis is a congenital malformation with an easy and early prenatal diagnosis, however, it has a variable post-natal outcome. Our aim was to determine if certain ultrasound markers or early delivery were related with a worse postnatal outcome. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective study of a cohort of patients with gastroschisis diagnosed between 2005-2014, with emphasis on prenatal ultrasounds, gestational age at delivery and post-natal outcome...
July 20, 2017: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043432/recent-advances-in-pharmacological-hormonal-and-nutritional-intervention-for-sarcopenia
#14
REVIEW
Kunihiro Sakuma, Akihiko Yamaguchi
Sarcopenia, the age-related loss of skeletal muscle mass, is characterized by a deterioration of muscle quantity and quality leading to a gradual slowing of movement, a decline in strength and power, increased risk of fall-related injury, and often frailty. This review focuses on the recent advances of pharmacological, hormonal, and nutritional approaches for attenuating sarcopenia. The article is composed of the data reported in many basic and some clinical studies for mammalian muscles. Resistance training combined with amino acid-containing supplements is the gold standard to prevent sarcopenia...
October 18, 2017: Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042806/feeding-filaggrin-effects-of-l-histidine-supplementation-in-atopic-dermatitis
#15
Siao Pei Tan, Simon B Brown, Christopher Em Griffiths, Richard B Weller, Neil K Gibbs
Atopic dermatitis (AD), also known as eczema, is one of the most common chronic skin conditions worldwide, affecting up to 16% of children and 10% of adults. It is incurable and has significant psychosocial and economic impacts on the affected individuals. AD etiology has been linked to deficiencies in the skin barrier protein, filaggrin. In mammalian skin, l-histidine is rapidly incorporated into filaggrin. Subsequent filaggrin proteolysis releases l-histidine as an important natural moisturizing factor (NMF)...
2017: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042759/early-and-intermediate-age-related-macular-degeneration-update-and-clinical-review
#16
REVIEW
Alfredo García-Layana, Francisco Cabrera-López, José García-Arumí, Lluís Arias-Barquet, José M Ruiz-Moreno
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of irreversible central vision loss in developed countries. With the aging of population, AMD will become globally an increasingly important and prevalent disease worldwide. It is a complex disease whose etiology is associated with both genetic and environmental risk factors. An extensive decline in the quality of life and progressive need of daily living assistance resulting from AMD among those most severely affected highlights the essential role of preventive strategies, particularly advising patients to quit smoking...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042743/necrotizing-ulcerative-gingivitis
#17
Rayhana Malek, Amina Gharibi, Nadia Khlil, Jamila Kissa
Necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis (NUG) is a typical form of periodontal diseases. It has an acute clinical presentation with the distinctive characteristics of rapid onset of interdental gingival necrosis, gingival pain, bleeding, and halitosis. Systemic symptoms such as lymphadenopathy and malaise could be also found. There are various predisposing factors such as stress, nutritional deficiencies, and immune system dysfunctions, especially, HIV infection that seems to play a major role in the pathogenesis of NUG...
July 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040821/dietary-intake-and-omega-3-dha-status-in-pregnant-women-who-are-overweight
#18
Adriana V Gaitán, Merritt L Drewery, Carly A Thaxton, Kennet M Carabante, Ericka Seidemann, Karen Elkind-Hirsch, Carol J Lammi-Keefe
OBJECTIVE: To estimate dietary intake of pregnant women who are overweight, assess their omega-3 docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) status, and compare results between Black and White women. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study with a longitudinal component (dietary assessment). SETTING: Outpatient clinics at Woman's Hospital, Baton Rouge, Louisiana and telephone calls. PARTICIPANTS: Pregnant women (N = 21) who were overweight (body mass index = 25...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040554/frailty-syndrome-an-emerging-clinical-problem-in-the-everyday-management-of-clinical-arrhythmias-the-results-of-the-european-heart-rhythm-association-survey
#19
Stefano Fumagalli, Tatjana S Potpara, Torben Bjerregaard Larsen, Kristina H Haugaa, Dan Dobreanu, Alessandro Proclemer, Nikolaos Dagres
The age of patients presenting with complex arrhythmias is increasing. Frailty is a multifaceted syndrome characterized by an increased vulnerability to stressors and a decreased ability to maintain homeostasis. The prevalence of frailty is associated with age. The aims of this European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA) EP Wire survey were to evaluate the proportion of patients with frailty and its influence on the clinical management of arrhythmias. A total of 41 centres-members of the EHRA Electrophysiology Research Network-in 14 European countries completed the web-based questionnaire in June 2017...
October 10, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040162/aids-defining-events-and-deaths-in-hiv-infected-children-and-adolescents-on-antiretrovirals-a-14-year-study-in-thailand
#20
Patrinee Traisathit, Tristan Delory, Nicole Ngo-Giang-Huong, Rosalin Somsamai, Pornchai Techakunakorn, Sookchai Theansavettrakul, Suparat Kanjanavanit, Jutarat Mekmullica, Chaiwat Ngampiyaskul, Sathaporn Na-Rajsima, Marc Lallemant, Tim R Cressey, Gonzague Jourdain, Intira Jeannie Collins, Sophie Le Coeur
BACKGROUND: Data are scarce on the long-term clinical outcomes of perinatally HIV-infected children and adolescents receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) in low/middle-income countries. We assessed the incidence of mortality before (early) and after (late) 6-month of ART and of the composite outcome of new/recurrent AIDS-defining-event or death >6 months after ART start (late AIDS/death) and their associated factors. METHODS: Study population was perinatally HIV-infected children (≤18 years) initiating ART within the Program for HIV Prevention and Treatment observational cohort (NCT00433030)...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
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