Read by QxMD icon Read


Lara M Stepleman, Jiby Yohannan, Samantha M Scott, Lauren L Titus, Joan Walker, Eliot J Lopez, Lauren Wooten Smith, Alexis L Rossi, Thomas M Toomey, Elizabeth D Eldridge
The 2016 Municipal Equality Index rated Augusta, the largest city in the Central Savannah River Area (CSRA), as one of the least lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) friendly cities in America. To understand the context of our region in relation to LGBT wellness, we conducted the first LGBT health needs assessment of the CSRA, assessing physical and mental health status and health care needs and experiences in the community. Participants (N = 436) were recruited using venue and snowball sampling and completed an anonymous online survey...
August 10, 2018: Journal of Homosexuality
Rebecca B Stone, Yunmi Chung, Benjamin E Ansa
There has been an alarming resurgence of early syphilis since 2000, especially in the southeast region, which has one of the highest rates of primary and secondary syphilis in the United States of America (USA). Although the Central Savannah River Area (CSRA) is the second most populous area in Georgia with a large presence of health care facilities, its counties have one of the lowest overall rankings in health outcomes. This study examined the syphilis rates and trends in the CSRA. Data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention's AtlasPlus was used...
July 31, 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine
Leidy Patricia Bedoya-Pérez, Luis Felipe Muriel-Millán, Soledad Moreno, Elva Quiroz-Rocha, Nancy Rivera-Gómez, Guadalupe Espín
In bacteria, the 5'-end-dependent RNA degradation is triggered by the RNA pyrophosphohydrolase RppH converting tri/diphosphate to monophosphate transcripts. This study shows that in the soil bacterium Azotobacter vinelandii, inactivation of rppH gene negatively affected the production of bioplastic poly-β-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) by reducing the expression at the translational level of PhbR, the specific transcriptional activator of the phbBAC biosynthetic operon. The effect of RppH on the translation of phbR seemed to be exerted through the translational repressor RsmA, as the inactivation of rsmA in the rppH mutant restored the phbR expression...
September 2018: Microbiological Research
A N Leistra, G Gelderman, S W Sowa, A Moon-Walker, H M Salis, L M Contreras
Bacterial global post-transcriptional regulators execute hundreds of interactions with targets that display varying molecular features while retaining specificity. Herein, we develop, validate, and apply a biophysical, statistical thermodynamic model of canonical target mRNA interactions with the CsrA global post-transcriptional regulator to understand the molecular features that contribute to target regulation. Altogether, we model interactions of CsrA with a pool of 236 mRNA: 107 are experimentally regulated by CsrA and 129 are suspected interaction partners...
July 2, 2018: Scientific Reports
Kayley H Janssen, Manisha R Diaz, Cindy J Gode, Matthew C Wolfgang, Timothy L Yahr
The Gram-negative opportunistic pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa has distinct genetic programs that favor either acute or chronic virulence gene expression. Acute virulence is associated with twitching and swimming motility, expression of a type III secretion system (T3SS), and the absence of alginate, Psl, or Pel polysaccharide production. Traits associated with chronic infection include growth as a biofilm, reduced motility, and expression of a type VI secretion system (T6SS). The Rsm post-transcriptional regulatory system plays important roles in the inverse control of phenotypes associated with acute and chronic virulence...
June 4, 2018: Journal of Bacteriology
Huawei Gu, Haonan Qi, Shuyi Chen, Kan Shi, Haiying Wang, Jufang Wang
The carbon storage regulator CsrA is a global regulator that controls multiple virulence-associated processes including host cell invasion, virulence secretion, quorum sensing, biofilm formation, and motility in many pathogenic bacteria. However, the roles of CsrA in Clostridium difficile still remain unclear. In this study, a C. difficile strain overexpressing csrA was constructed to investigate its effects on multiple virulence associated processes. Overexpression of csrA resulted in flagella defect and poor motility in C...
May 30, 2018: Microbial Pathogenesis
B Z Cvetković, G Salazar, D Kunz, S Szidat, E Wieland
The combination of ion chromatography (IC) with accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) was developed to determine the speciation of 14C-(radiocarbon) bearing organic compounds in the femto to pico molar concentration range. The development of this compound-specific radiocarbon analysis (CSRA) of carboxylic acids is reported and the application of the method on a leaching solution from neutron-irradiated steel is demonstrated. The background and the dynamic range of the AMS-based method were quantified. On using 14C-labelled standards, the measurements demonstrate the repeatability of the analytical method and the reproducible recovery of the main target carboxylic acids (i...
June 25, 2018: Analyst
Erik Holmqvist, Lei Li, Thorsten Bischler, Lars Barquist, Jörg Vogel
The conserved RNA-binding protein ProQ has emerged as the centerpiece of a previously unknown third large network of post-transcriptional control in enterobacteria. Here, we have used in vivo UV crosslinking and RNA sequencing (CLIP-seq) to map hundreds of ProQ binding sites in Salmonella enterica and Escherichia coli. Our analysis of these binding sites, many of which are conserved, suggests that ProQ recognizes its cellular targets through RNA structural motifs found in small RNAs (sRNAs) and at the 3' end of mRNAs...
June 7, 2018: Molecular Cell
Anthony C Otigbu, Anna M Clarke, Justine Fri, Emmanuel O Akanbi, Henry A Njom
Campylobacter jejuni (CJ) is a zoonotic microbe and a major causative organism of diarrheal infection in humans that often has its functional characteristics inactivated in stressed conditions. The current study assessed the correlation between recovered CJ and water quality parameters and the drug sensitivity patterns of the pathogen to frontline antibiotics in human and veterinary medicine. Water samples ( n = 244) from rivers/estuarines were collected from April⁻September 2016, and physicochemical conditions were recorded on-site...
May 6, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Alexandra Götz, Matthias Lechner, Andreas Mader, Benedikt von Bronk, Erwin Frey, Madeleine Opitz
The bacterial SOS response is a cellular reaction to DNA damage, that, among other actions, triggers the expression of colicin - toxic bacteriocins in Escherichia coli that are released to kill close relatives competing for resources. However, it is largely unknown, how the complex network regulating toxin expression controls the time-point of toxin release to prevent premature release of inefficient protein concentrations. Here, we study how different regulatory mechanisms affect production and release of the bacteriocin ColicinE2 in Escherichia coli...
April 25, 2018: Scientific Reports
Anastasia H Potts, Yuanyuan Leng, Paul Babitzke, Tony Romeo
The Csr global regulatory system coordinates gene expression in response to metabolic status. This system utilizes the RNA binding protein CsrA to regulate gene expression by binding to transcripts of structural and regulatory genes, thus affecting their structure, stability, translation, and/or transcription elongation. CsrA activity is controlled by sRNAs, CsrB and CsrC, which sequester CsrA away from other transcripts. CsrB/C levels are partly determined by their rates of turnover, which requires CsrD to render them susceptible to RNase E cleavage...
March 29, 2018: Scientific Reports
Svetlana Durica-Mitic, Yvonne Göpel, Boris Görke
Survival of bacteria in ever-changing habitats with fluctuating nutrient supplies requires rapid adaptation of their metabolic capabilities. To this end, carbohydrate metabolism is governed by complex regulatory networks including posttranscriptional mechanisms that involve small regulatory RNAs (sRNAs) and RNA-binding proteins. sRNAs limit the response to substrate availability and set the threshold or time required for induction and repression of carbohydrate utilization systems. Carbon catabolite repression (CCR) also involves sRNAs...
March 2018: Microbiology Spectrum
Tony Romeo, Paul Babitzke
The sequence-specific RNA binding protein CsrA is employed by diverse bacteria in the posttranscriptional regulation of gene expression. Its binding interactions with RNA have been documented at atomic resolution and shown to alter RNA secondary structure, RNA stability, translation, and/or Rho-mediated transcription termination through a growing number of molecular mechanisms. In Gammaproteobacteria , small regulatory RNAs (sRNAs) that contain multiple CsrA binding sites compete with mRNA for binding to CsrA, thereby sequestering and antagonizing this protein...
March 2018: Microbiology Spectrum
Fei Ye, Fanli Yang, Ruijie Yu, Xi Lin, Jianxun Qi, Zhujun Chen, Yu Cao, Yuquan Wei, George F Gao, Guangwen Lu
The T3SS chaperone CesT is recently shown to interact with the post-transcriptional regulator CsrA to modulate post-attachment signaling in enteropathogenic and enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli. The molecular basis of the CesT/CsrA binding, however, remains elusive. Here, we show that CesT and CsrA both created two ligand binding sites in their homodimers, forming irregular multimeric complexes in solution. Through construction of a recombinant CsrA-dimer (Re-CsrA) that contains a single CesT binding site, the atomic binding features between CesT and CsrA are delineated via the structure of the CesT/Re-CsrA complex...
March 22, 2018: Nature Communications
Qingyun Dai, Lei Xu, Lu Xiao, Kaixiang Zhu, Yunhong Song, Changfu Li, Lingfang Zhu, Xihui Shen, Yao Wang
Urease acts as an important acid resistance system and virulence factor that is widespread among microorganisms. RovM is a global regulator that regulates a series of genes and pathways including acid survival systems in the enteric bacterium Yersinia pseudotuberculosis (Yptb) . However, whether RovM regulates the urease activity in Yptb was still unknown. In this study, by using qualitative and quantitative urease assays, we show that the urease expression responds to nutrient conditions and the RovM protein represses urease expression by binding to its promoter...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Cédric Nadiras, Annie Schwartz, Mildred Delaleau, Marc Boudvillain
Besides their well-known posttranscriptional effects on mRNA translation and decay, sRNAs and associated RNA chaperones (e.g., Hfq, CsrA) sometimes regulate gene expression at the transcriptional level. In this case, the sRNA-dependent machinery modulates the activity of the transcription termination factor Rho, a ring-shaped RNA translocase/helicase that dissociates transcription elongation complexes at specific loci of the bacterial genome. Here, we describe biochemical assays to detect Rho-dependent termination signals in genomic regions of interest and to assess the effects of sRNAs and/or associated RNA chaperones on such signals...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
Carl T Fakhry, Kourosh Zarringhalam, Rahul V Kulkarni
CsrA/RsmA is a RNA-binding protein that functions as a global regulator controlling important processes such as virulence, secondary metabolism, motility, and biofilm formation in diverse bacterial species. The activity of CsrA/RsmA is regulated by small RNAs that contain multiple binding sites for the protein. The expression of these noncoding RNAs effectively sequesters the protein and reduces free cellular levels of CsrA/RsmA. While multiple bacterial small RNAs that bind to and regulate CsrA/RsmA levels have been discovered, it is anticipated that there are several such small RNAs that remain undiscovered...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
Kayley H Janssen, Manisha R Diaz, Matthew Golden, Justin W Graham, Wes Sanders, Matthew C Wolfgang, Timothy L Yahr
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a Gram-negative opportunistic pathogen with distinct acute and chronic virulence phenotypes. Whereas acute virulence is typically associated with expression of a type III secretion system (T3SS), chronic virulence is characterized by biofilm formation. Many of the phenotypes associated with acute and chronic virulence are inversely regulated by RsmA and RsmF. RsmA and RsmF are both members of the CsrA family of RNA-binding proteins and regulate protein synthesis at the posttranscriptional level...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Bacteriology
Dai Wang, Sean P McAteer, Agata B Wawszczyk, Clark D Russell, Amin Tahoun, Alex Elmi, Scott L Cockroft, David Tollervey, Sander Granneman, Jai J Tree, David L Gally
The prokaryotic RNA chaperone Hfq mediates sRNA-mRNA interactions and plays a significant role in post-transcriptional regulation of the type III secretion (T3S) system produced by a range of Escherichia coli pathotypes. UV-crosslinking was used to map Hfq-binding under conditions that promote T3S and multiple interactions were identified within polycistronic transcripts produced from the locus of enterocyte effacement (LEE) that encodes the T3S system. The majority of Hfq binding was within the LEE5 and LEE4 operons, the latter encoding the translocon apparatus (SepL-EspADB) that is positively regulated by the RNA binding protein, CsrA...
April 20, 2018: Nucleic Acids Research
Jens Hör, Stanislaw A Gorski, Jörg Vogel
Bacteria are an exceedingly diverse group of organisms whose molecular exploration is experiencing a renaissance. While the classical view of bacterial gene expression was relatively simple, the emerging view is more complex, encompassing extensive post-transcriptional control involving riboswitches, RNA thermometers, and regulatory small RNAs (sRNAs) associated with the RNA-binding proteins CsrA, Hfq, and ProQ, as well as CRISPR/Cas systems that are programmed by RNAs. Moreover, increasing interest in members of the human microbiota and environmental microbial communities has highlighted the importance of understudied bacterial species with largely unknown transcriptome structures and RNA-based control mechanisms...
June 7, 2018: Molecular Cell
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"