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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30107636/anhedonia-and-suicidal-thoughts-and-behaviors-in-psychiatric-outpatients-the-role-of-acuity
#1
Mariah Hawes, Igor Galynker, Shira Barzilay, Zimri S Yaseen
BACKGROUND: Anhedonia-impairment related to the experience of pleasure-has been identified as a potential risk factor for suicide, with some mixed findings. The current study sought to clarify the role of acuity of anhedonia in the relationship between anhedonia and suicidal thoughts and behaviors by comparing acutely and chronically anhedonic subjects on severity of suicidal ideation (SI) and suicide attempt (SA) history. METHODS: Psychiatric outpatients (N = 395) were administered the Columbia Suicide Severity Rating Scale, the Beck Scale for Suicidal Ideation and a modified version of the Snaith-Hamilton Pleasure Scale (SHPS); SI measures were readministered at a 1-month follow-up (N = 289, 73%)...
August 14, 2018: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30107594/king-caz-cazenove-thatcherism-and-the-1980s-financial-revolution
#2
Emma Barrett
This article shows how elite stockbrokers Cazenove and Co. responded to the 'Big Bang' deregulation of the financial sector in 1986, using social networks and inherited practices to navigate an ostensibly technical and modernizing revolution. The Thatcher administration's reform of the London Stock Exchange was an economic enterprise intended to end restrictive practices and open the City to competition. A more open meritocratic financial sector marked the 'death of gentlemanly capitalism' and coalesced with a political agenda for entrepreneurialism and popular capitalism...
August 10, 2018: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30107551/high-cervical-ependymoma-resection-2-dimensional-operative-video
#3
Simone E Dekker, Chad A Glenn, Thomas A Ostergard, Brian D Rothstein, Nicholas C Bambakidis
This operative video illustrates resection of a cervical ependymoma in a 40-yr-old female with numbness of upper and lower extremities and ataxia. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) demonstrated an enhancing intramedullary intradural spinal mass at C2-3. The patient underwent a posterior cervical laminoplasty for tumor resection. This video highlights the natural history of this disease, treatment options, surgical procedure, potential risks and complications, and postoperative management of ependymomas. A posterior midline skin incision was made from the inion to the level of C4 which exposed the posterolateral elements of C1-3...
August 13, 2018: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30107540/thromboembolic-acute-myocardial-infarction-after-aortic-valve-replacement-using-the-freestyle-stentless-aortic-bioprosthesis-with-subcoronary-valve-replacement
#4
Yusuke Watanabe, Toru Naganuma, Yosuke Kitanaka, Sunao Nakamura
A 70-year-old woman with substernal chest pain lasting 2.5 h presented to the emergency department of our hospital. She had a history of aortic valve replacement with the Freestyle stentless aortic bioprosthesis for severe aortic regurgitation 7 years ago. The initial electrocardiogram showed sinus rhythm at a rate of 71 bpm with ST-segment slight elevation in leads II, III and aVF. She was diagnosed as having acute coronary syndrome and was referred for an urgent catheterization. Urgent coronary angiography revealed total occlusion in the distal segment of the right coronary artery...
August 10, 2018: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30107532/use-and-opinions-of-prescription-opioids-among-older-american-adults-sociodemographic-predictors
#5
Hanna Grol-Prokopczyk
Objectives: This study identifies sociodemographic predictors of prescription opioid use among older adults (age 65+) during the peak decade of U.S. opioid prescription, and tests whether pain level and Medicaid coverage mediate the association between low wealth and opioid use. Predictors of prescription nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) use, and of opinions of both drug classes, are also examined. Method: Regressions of opioid and NSAID use on sociodemographic characteristics, pain level, and insurance type were conducted using Health and Retirement Study 2004 core and 2005 Prescription Drug Study data (n=3,721)...
August 13, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30107512/forecasting-dose-from-unobserved-times-case-study-of-transient-workers-at-a-nuclear-power-plant
#6
Kathryn McNamara, Christopher Peters, Igor Burstyn
Objectives: To evaluate the likelihood of exceeding the occupational exposure limit (OEL) for annual ionizing radiation doses among transient workers at the Hope Creek Nuclear Generating Station, and to propose a method for forecasting exposures among transient workers in general. Methods: We obtained personal dosimeter data from the Hope Creek Nuclear Generating Station for the period of January-December 2014, comprising 1955 monthly dose measurements from 498 transient workers...
August 13, 2018: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30107493/facelift-performed-safely-under-local-anesthesia-with-oral-sedation-analysis-of-174-patients
#7
Gianfranco Frojo, Aaron Dotson, Kara Christopher, Sumesh Kaswan, Herluf Lund
Background: Anesthesia for elective ambulatory procedures must provide appropriate pain control while minimizing perioperative risk. Local anesthesia in combination with oral sedation provides a safe office-based method of anesthesia for rhytidectomy. Objectives: The purpose of this analysis was to identify the incidence of traditional outcome parameters in ambulatory rhytidectomy performed with local anesthesia and oral sedation. Methods: A retrospective chart review was performed on all patients who underwent office-based rhytidectomy under local anesthesia with oral sedation from February 2011 to May 2017...
August 13, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30107467/relationship-between-brain-arterial-pathology-and-neurocognitive-performance-among-individuals-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus
#8
Jose Gutierrez, Desiree Byrd, Michael T Yin, Susan Morgello
Background: Human immunodeficiency virus-positive (HIV+) individuals have higher rates of cognitive impairment and cerebrovascular disease compared with uninfected populations. We hypothesize that cerebrovascular disease, specifically brain large artery disease, may play a role in HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND). Methods: Participants (N = 94) in the Manhattan HIV Brain Bank study were followed on average 32 ± 33 months with repeated neuropsychological examinations until death...
August 11, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30107430/posterior-cervical-laminoplasty-for-resection-intradural-extramedullary-spinal-meningioma-2-dimensional-operative-video
#9
Simone E Dekker, Thomas A Ostergard, Chad A Glenn, Efrem Cox, Nicholas C Bambakidis
This operative video demonstrates a posterior cervical laminoplasty for the resection of a cervical intradural extramedullary meningioma. In addition, the natural history, treatment options, and potential complications are discussed. The patient is a 68-yr-old male who presented with left-hand grip weakness and paresthesias. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) demonstrated an enhancing mass that displacing the spinal cord anteriorly and causing severe flattening of the cord at C4 and C5. The patient underwent a posterior cervical laminoplasty for tumor resection...
August 11, 2018: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30107419/quitting-failure-and-success-with-and-without-using-medication-latent-classes-of-abstinence-and-adherence-to-nicotine-monotherapy-combination-therapy-and-varenicline
#10
Danielle E McCarthy, Mark Versella
Introduction: Non-adherence to pharmacotherapies complicates studies of comparative pharmacotherapy effectiveness. Modeling adherence and abstinence simultaneously may facilitate analysis of both treatment acceptability and effectiveness. Methods: Secondary analyses of a three-arm randomized comparative trial of nicotine patch, varenicline, and combination nicotine patch and lozenge among adult daily smokers (N=1086) were conducted. Adherence rates collected via interactive voice response systems during the first 27 days of quitting were compared across treatment conditions...
August 9, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30107389/unmasking-cryptic-biodiversity-in-polyploids-origin-and-diversification-of-aster-amellus-aggregate
#11
Mario Mairal, Mária Šurinová, Sílvia Castro, Zuzana Münzbergová
Background and Aims: The origin of different cytotypes by autopolyploidy may be an important mechanism in plant diversification. Although cryptic autopolyploids probably comprise the largest fraction of overlooked plant diversity, our knowledge of their origin and evolution is still rather limited. Here we study the presumed autopolyploid aggregate of Aster amellus, which encompasses diploid and hexaploid cytotypes. Although the cytotypes of A. amellus are not morphologically distinguishable, previous studies showed spatial segregation and limited gene flow between them, which could result in different evolutionary trajectories for each cytotype...
August 10, 2018: Annals of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30107388/functional-diversity-and-convergence-in-the-evolution-of-plant-reproductive-structures
#12
Nikole K Bonacorsi, Andrew B Leslie
Background and Aims: Structures that simultaneously perform many functional roles are likely to show a variety of morphological solutions to these demands, and thus probably exhibit high morphological disparity. In contrast, specialization for a few simple functions should result in a more limited suite of morphologies. We explore this idea using lycopsid reproductive structures, which, throughout their history, have performed a limited set of functional roles compared with the reproductive structures of other plant groups such as seed plants...
August 10, 2018: Annals of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30107355/pott-s-puffy-tumor-presenting-as-a-frontal-swelling-under-a-swiss-army-helmet
#13
Alexandre Simonin, Caroline Passaplan, Angelo Rusconi, Victor Colin, Véronique Erard, Edouard Stauffer, Gianluca Maestretti, Philippe Otten
In this report, we describe an uncommon presentation of a Pott's puffy tumor, which is defined as a subperiosteal abscess related to a chronic frontal sinusitis. This condition has become rare in our part of the world because of the widespread use of antibiotics. Clinical history, investigations, and management are presented.
July 17, 2018: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30107321/the-association-between-lifetime-polytobacco-use-and-intention-to-quit-among-hiv-positive-cigarette-smokers
#14
Micah J Savin, Summer G Frank-Pearce, Kim Pulvers, Damon J Vidrine
BACKGROUND: This secondary analysis aims to describe, over time, the relationship between HIV disease progression and intention to quit cigarette smoking among current monocigarette users with and without a lifetime history of polytobacco use. METHODS: Participants completed a baseline assessment at the time of HIV care initiation and four follow-up assessments (3, 6, 9, and 12-months). Assessments included biochemically verified smoking status and audio computer-assisted self-interviews assessing psychosocial, substance use, and clinical variables known to influence smoking behaviors...
June 19, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30107320/predictors-of-transitions-across-stages-of-heroin-use-and-dependence-prior-to-treatment-seeking-among-people-in-treatment-for-opioid-dependence
#15
Briony Larance, Natasa Gisev, Elena Cama, Elliot C Nelson, Shane Darke, Sarah Larney, Louisa Degenhardt
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Little is known about transition pathways among heroin users prior to treatment. This study examined the demographic and clinical predictors of transition speed from heroin use, to dependence, to first treatment episode. METHODS: 1149 heroin-dependent participants recruited from opioid agonist treatment clinics in Sydney, Australia, underwent a structured interview. Age of onset (AOO) was collected for heroin use, dependence and treatment-seeking, childhood maltreatment, psychiatric history and other substance dependence...
May 25, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30107313/prevalence-of-hepatitis-c-virus-in-young-people-who-inject-drugs-in-four-colombian-cities-a-cross-sectional-study-using-respondent-driven-sampling
#16
David Toro-Tobón, Dedsy Berbesi-Fernandez, Pedro Mateu-Gelabert, Ángela M Segura-Cardona, Liliana P Montoya-Vélez
BACKGROUND: Colombia has a growing population of young people who inject drugs (PWID). Despite the previously reported association of injection drug use with hepatitis c virus (HCV) in other countries, studies on HCV prevalence in PWID in Colombia are lacking. The objective of this study is to determine the prevalence, demographics, and correlations of risky injection behaviours in HCV seropositive PWID in four Colombian cities (Armenia, Bogotá, Cúcuta and Pereira). METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study carried out between January and June of 2014 that included 918 PWID from four Colombian cities, recruited by Respondent Driven Sampling...
August 11, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30107311/the-possible-mediating-effect-of-alcohol-dependence-on-the-relationship-between-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-attempted-suicide
#17
Wen-Yin Chen, Ying-Yeh Chen, Heng-Hsiu Liu, Po-Hsiu Kuo, Ming-Chyi Huang
Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and alcohol dependence (AD) carry independent risks for suicidal behavior. While the strength of the association between ACEs and attempted suicide is weakened following adjustment for AD, no study to date has directly been performed to determine whether AD affects the risk of suicide attributable to ACEs. The study aimed to examine the possible role of alcohol dependence (AD) in the relationship between various ACEs and attempted suicide. This cross-sectional study assessed history of ACEs among 184 AD patients and 205 control participants using the Family Health Questionnaire...
March 15, 2018: Alcohol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30107184/management-of-heart-failure-in-adult-congenital-heart-disease
#18
REVIEW
Angeline D Opina, Wayne J Franklin
Heart failure (HF) in the adult with congenital heart disease (ACHD) is associated with high morbidity and mortality and has been implicated as the leading cause of death in this patient population. The diagnosis of HF in ACHD involves a combination of clinical suspicion from subjective patient history, anatomic imaging, functional diagnostic studies, and rhythm evaluation. Once diagnosed, the approach to management of HF in this population varies widely and by lesion. Unfortunately, there is a paucity of literature available delineating the optimal management of these patients, making clinical decision-making extremely challenging...
August 11, 2018: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30107055/driver-mutations-of-young-lung-adenocarcinoma-patients-with-malignant-pleural-effusion
#19
Shang-Gin Wu, Yi-Nan Liu, Chong-Jen Yu, James Chih-Hsin Yang, Jin-Yuan Shih
Young lung cancer patients have several distinct characteristics. However, there are limited epidemiological data of genetic abnormalities in this population. We conducted a prospective cohort study to delineate the various oncogenic driver mutations of lung adenocarcinoma in young Asian patients. We consecutively collected malignant pleural effusions (MPEs) from lung adenocarcinoma patients. RNA was extracted from MPEs for mutation analysis by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and direct sequencing...
August 14, 2018: Genes, Chromosomes & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30107048/evaluation-of-peri-implant-marginal-tissues-around-tissue-level-and-bone-level-implants-in-patients-with-a-history-of-chronic-periodontitis
#20
T T Vianna, T Taiete, R C V Casarin, M C C Giorgi, F H B Aguiar, Karina Gonzales Silvério, F H Nociti, E A Sallum, M Z Casati
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate clinical and radiographic characteristics in peri-implant marginal tissues in patients with a history of chronic periodontitis, rehabilitated using Tissue Level or Bone Level implants. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Using a split-mouth design, 20 patients with a history of chronic periodontitis were selected and received 2 differents implants, Tissue Level group (n=20) and the Bone Level group (n=20). Peri-implant probing depth, relative peri-implant mucosal margin position, relative peri-implant clinical attachment level, peri-implant plaque index and peri-implant bleeding on probing were evaluated at prosthesis installation, 1, 3, 6, 12 and 24 months after implant loading...
August 14, 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
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