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H Zheng
Qu Yongqiu() was one of the first-generation western medicine doctors in China's recent history. He had ever been in charge of the affairs of Beiyang Medical School and Tianjin Health Bureau, which had made significant contributions to medical enterprise, medical education and epidemic prevention, etc. He had also treated several important politicians, and witnessed the death of Guangxu() Emperor and Yuan Shikai(), and other historical events. Through making some research, the author analyzed the differences aspects of his career recorded in different literatures...
May 28, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
J Li
In the early 1950s, Chinese government let traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) practitioners get job training, and make them be able to do more prevention work. After 1954, Fusion TCM to modern-western medicine was denied, the modern-western medicine practitioners were forced to learn TCM. We explored the procedure of the event of TCM practitioners from job training to class education. This harsh procedure reveals the evolution of TCM policy after 1949.
May 28, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
J W Li, H C Nong
Li jingwei() reviewed his 60 years of medical history research. In 1955, he was transferred to the class of the study of Traditional Chinese Medicine(TCM) by western medicine doctor, and start the research of medical history. He stayed in the medical history departement as a researcher, and formally worship Chen Bangxian() as his tutor. He inherited and developed Chen Bangxian's scholarship; presided over the compilation of major projects such as "the general history of Chinese medicine" and "the dictionary of traditional Chinese medicine" , He contributed to the establishment of China Institute for History of Medicine and Medical Literature, the resumption of Chinese Society of Medical History(one of Chinese Medical Association's specialty societies), reissue of Chinese journal of medical history , the establishment of the Chinese medical history museum, training of medical history literature personnel, the regularization of academic discipline...
May 28, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
L Li, X Geng, R Han, J L Men, B Zhang, S S Li, Z H Zhang
Objective: To put forward the suggestion of the occupational contact limit of tributyl phosphate in the air of the workplace. Methods: Data of production and usage, workers' basic information, occupational history, and physical examinations were collected, and the environmental and individual levels of exposure were monitored using fixed-point and individual sampling. The results of the questionnaire and health examination were statistically analyzed using exact probability method of Fisher in the workers exposed to tributyl phosphate and the control group...
August 20, 2018: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
Y Li, H Q Luo, D Wu, X W Xue, Y F Luo, Y M Xiao, J Chen, W X Zhou
Objective: To analyze the clinical and pathological features of Cronkhite-Canada syndrome (CCS), and to investigate the significance of IgG4 positive plasma cell infiltration. Methods: Clinical presentations, endoscopic appearances and morphological features of 18 patients diagnosed with CCS at Peking Union Medical College Hospital during 2000-2016 were included in the study.There were 11 male and 7 female patients. IgG4 and IgG immunohistochemical stains were performed in total of 55 biopsies from the patients (36 polyps, 10 adenoma and 9 surrounding mucosa) and a control group of 58 cases (19 colonic mucosa, 7 colonic hyperplastic polyps, 9 inflammatory bowel disease and 23 adenoma)...
October 8, 2018: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
J Rao, M Ruan, B H Yu, X Q Li, W T Yang, R H Shui
Objective: To investigate the clinicopathologic features and differential diagnosis of breast lymphoma in core needle biopsy. Methods: Seventy-two cases of breast lymphoma in core needle biopsy between 2011 and 2016 were extracted from the pathology database of Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center. The clinicopathologic features were analyzed. The histological diagnosis of the tumors was based on the WHO classifications of tumors of hematopoietic and lymphoid tissues. Immunohistochemistry and molecular methods were performed to detect related antigens and genes...
October 8, 2018: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
Vera Frazão Vieira, Catarina Faria, Maria do Rosário Barroso, Fernando Mota Tavares
The authors present the case of an elderly woman with multiple comorbidities hospitalized with the diagnosis of community- acquired pneumonia with pleural effusion. However, there was a history of fall with chest trauma 1 week before, coinciding with the onset of symptoms. The patient had a massive hemothorax that could not be drained. There was a progressive worsening of the patient clinical status with sustained fever and arising of inflammatory parameters, despite broad-spectrum antibiotic therapy and antipyretics...
January 2018: Revista Portuguesa de Cirurgia Cardio-torácica e Vascular
Kisa Hyde Congo, António Tomás, Álvaro Laranjeira, Daniela Afonso, José Fragata
We report the case of 67-year old male patient who was admitted with a 2-week history of progressively worsening chest pain and dyspnea. Diagnostic investigation showed a type B aortic dissection with a retrograde intramural hematoma and bilateral pulmonary embolism. These simultaneous findings highly complicated patient management. Patient was started on anticoagulation therapy with partial resolution of pulmonary embolism after which surgical correction was performed. The patient was successfully submitted to a modified Frozen Elephant Trunk technique with a 3-branched customized Dacron tube and aortic arch replacement with E-Vita Open Plus...
January 2018: Revista Portuguesa de Cirurgia Cardio-torácica e Vascular
Jacob D de Boer, Joris J Blok, Hein Putter, Jacob J E Koopman, Bart van Hoek, Undine Samuel, Marieke van Rosmalen, Herold J Metselaar, Ian P J Alwayn, Markus Guba, Andries E Braat
BACKGROUND: Acceptance criteria for liver allografts are ever more expanding because of a persisting waiting list mortality. Older livers are therefore offered and used more frequently for transplantation. This study aims to analyze the use and long-term outcome of these transplantations. METHODS: Data was included on 17,811 first liver transplantations and information on livers that were reported for allocation but not transplanted from 2000-2015 in the Eurotransplant region...
October 13, 2018: Liver Transplantation
Majid Ahmadi, Mahnaz Ghaebi, Samaneh Abdolmohammadi-Vahid, Sanaz Abbaspour-Aghdam, Kobra Hamdi, Sedigheh Abdollahi-Fard, Shahla Danaii, Parisa Mosapour, Ladan Koushaeian, Sanam Dolati, Reza Rikhtegar, Farnaz Dabiri Oskouei, Leili Aghebati-Maleki, Mohammad Nouri, Mehdi Yousefi
BACKGROUND: Recurrent miscarriage (RM) has a multifactorial etiology mainly due to chromosomal abnormalities and immunological factors. Treating RM has remained to be a challenging issue and the role of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) in treating RM is still controversial. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study aimed to evaluate the changes in natural killer (NK) cells' frequency and cytotoxicity in patients with RM who received the IVIG therapy. A total of 78 women with a history of three or more recurrent miscarriages were included and their peripheral blood was drawn in case of positive pregnancy test...
October 14, 2018: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Yuan Tian, Mo-Xian Chen, Jing-Fang Yang, H H K Achala, Bei Gao, Ge-Fei Hao, Guang-Fu Yang, Zhi-Yong Dian, Qi-Juan Hu, Di Zhang, Jianhua Zhang, Ying-Gao Liu
This study systematically identifies plant SYF2/NTC31/p29 genes from 62 plant species by a combinatory bioinformatics approach, revealing the importance of this gene family in phylogenetics, duplication, transcriptional, and post-transcriptional regulation. Alternative splicing is a post-transcriptional regulatory mechanism, which is critical for plant development and stress responses. The entire process is strictly attenuated by a complex of splicing-related proteins, designated splicing factors. Human p29, also referred to as synthetic lethal with cdc forty 2 (SYF2) or the NineTeen complex 31 (NTC31), is a core protein found in the NTC complex of humans and yeast...
October 13, 2018: Planta
Baseer Sultan Ahmad, Mansoor Ul Haq, Abeera Munir, Saiyed Abdullah Abubakar Mohsin Ehsanullah, Pervez Ashraf
Gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding, is the life threating presentation of many diseases in emergency room. Aortoenteric fistula (AEF) is one of the rare causes of GI bleeding that can be fatal if not diagnosed and treated promptly. We present a case of a86 years old hypertensive male with the history of fresh bleeding per rectum, dizziness, fatigability and palpitation for last 12 hours who came to the emergency room in January 2015 He was stabilized and resuscitated. On lab investigation and abdominal CT scan he was diagnosed as aortic aneurysm with AEF...
October 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Sundus Iftikhar, Saima Chaudhry, Sarah Ghafoor
Angina Bullosa Haemorrhagica (ABH) is a benign lesion of the oral cavity categorized by sudden onset of single or multiple blood filled lesions that burst leaving an ulcer that usually heals in 7-10 days without leaving a scar. We report a case of ABH diagnosed on the basis of history, clinical examination and blood, renal and liver function tests. The case findings and its management is discussed. Literature of the cases presented in the last 5 years was searched from Google Scholar and Pubmed. The review was summarized in a tabulated form...
October 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Masnoon Akhter, Mussarat Ashraf, Adnan Ali, Irum Rizwan, Rehana Rehman
A cross-sectional study was conducted from January to June 2016 on autistic children at the Autism Unit of Dow University of Health Sciences to compare speech therapy, occupational therapy and combination of both for rehabilitation of autistic children in the selected population. A total of 55 children with autism age range from 1-12 years of both gender and all ethnic groups were recruited. All data was analysed in IBM-SPSS version 23.0. Pearson chi-square test was used to determine association of type of therapy with the diagnosed age of child, gender, mode of delivery, history of vaccination and parent's education...
October 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Muhammad Taqi, Ishak Abdul Razak, Norintan Ab-Murat
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the frequency and pattern of sugar intake among Pakistani school going children and its association with early carious lesion and caries history. METHODS: The cross-sectional study was conducted from January to May 2016 in seven schools of Bhakkar district in the Punjab province of Pakistan, and comprised of school children aged 11-12 years. Diet diaries were used to assess the frequency of sugar intake while caries was assessed using the Modified International Caries Detection and Assessment System...
October 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Sanjay Kalra, Sundeep Ruder
Anaemia and diabetes have a multifaceted relationship. Their co-existence contributes to each other's etiopathogenesis, natural history, clinical presentation and prognosis. Anaemia may occur in autoimmune disease that coexists with type 1 diabetes, in erythropoietin deficient and in erythropoietin hyporesponsive states. Iron deficiency, haemolytic and megaloblastic anaemia occur in diabetes through various mechanisms. Anaemia is associated with, and contributes to, worsening of both microvascular and macrovascular complications...
July 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Sumaira Kanwal, Shazia Perveen, Hafiz Muhammad Arshad
OBJECTIVE: To find the causative mutation by linkage analysisof Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease while focussing on AMACR gene. METHODS: The case-control study was conducted from November 2016 to March 2017 in Kongju National University Korea.A family of 15 members with composite symptoms of peripheral neuropathy were enrolled. In addition, 50 healthy controls, which had no clinical features and family history of neuromuscular disorders, were also recruited. The family was selected for sequencing analysis by using capillary sequencing...
July 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Unzila Khan, Shazmah Shahrukh, Tayram Bint-E-Khalid, Amjad Siraj Memon, Javed Ahmad
Foreign body (FB) ingestion is one of the most common complaint in the emergency room and, extra-intestinal migration of penetrating sharp FBs is one of the most overlooked aspect of medical research. We report a case of accidental ingestion of a sewing needle which was recovered from the mesentery. The 28-year-old female presented to our hospital with abdominal pain and one-month's history of needle ingestion. Initially laparoscopy was performed, which was inconclusive. Afterward, through laparotomy, the needle was successfully removed from the mesentery of small bowel...
September 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Efstathios Kotidis, Iliana Stamatiou, Orestis Ioannidis, Manousos George Pramateftakis, Ioannis Kanellos, Konstantinos Tsalis
Lipomas are benign, usually asymptomatic, tumours and pelvic lipomas are extremely rare. We describe the case of a giant pelvic lipoma causing obstructive uropathy to a 66-year-old morbidly obese female treated in the 4th Surgical Department of the Medical School of Aristotle University of Thessaloniki in General Hospital "G. Papanikolaou" in March 2016. The patient presented with a history of nocturia and frequent daytime urination for 1 year. Her medical history included diffuse lipomatosis. Computer tomography revealed a giant pelvic mass which lead to left side hydronephrosis, hydrouterer and a pear-shaped bladder, with the differential diagnosis including pelvic lipoma or liposarcoma...
September 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Muhammad Khalid, Syed Asad Ali
Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is the most common of the primary immunodeficiency in children. It is caused by single gene defect resulting in dysfunctional nicotinamide adenine dineucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase complex causing recurrent bacterial and fungal infections. Here we present the case of a 9 year old boy who was a known case of CGD since three years of age. He presented with recent history of fever, left sided pain in the scapular region and difficulty in breathing. Chest imaging revealed developing left upper lobe consolidation and erosion of the 3rd posterior rib...
September 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
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