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Mountain medicine

J A Brinckmann, W Luo, Q Xu, X He, J Wu, A B Cunningham
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Endemic to China, the distribution of Schisandra sphenanthera Rehder & E.H.Wilson includes giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca David, 1869) habitats in forests of the Minshan and Qinling Mountains, both inside and outside conservation areas. The fruit is used in indigenous medicines of the Qiang, Tibetan and Yi ethnic minorities of Sichuan. Also used in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), indications for use are prescribed in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Leila Bendifallah, Rachida Belguendouz, Latifa Hamoudi, Karim Arab
The present work is conducted as part of the development and the valorization of bioactive natural substances from Algerian medicinal and aromatic spontaneous plants, a clean alternative method in biological control. For this purpose, the bio-acaricidal activity of Salvia officinalis (sage)essential oil (EO)was evaluated against the Varroa destructor , a major threat to the honey bee Apis mellifera ssp. intermissa . The aerial parts of S. officinalis L., 1753 were collected from the Chrea mountainous area in Northern Algeria...
June 6, 2018: Plants (Basel, Switzerland)
Ali Sonboli, Foroogh Mirzania, Abbas Gholipour
Dracocephalum kotschyi is one of the medicinal and fragrant herbs that can be found in natural locations of mountainous areas. In this investigation the hydrodistilled essential oils obtained from aerial parts of two populations of D. kotschyi collected from Siahbisheh and Baladeh were analysed by capillary GC-FID and GC-MS. Essential oil analysis led to the identification of 48 compounds that represented 85.9 and 90.0% of the total oil compositions, respectively. As the major group of compounds, oxygenated monoterpens comprised 45...
June 6, 2018: Natural Product Research
Katarzyna Kosicka, Anna Siemiątkowska, Agata Szpera-Goździewicz, Mariola Krzyścin, Grzegorz Bręborowicz, Franciszek Główka
BACKGROUND: The analysis of steroids in biological matrices is challenging. One can apply immunoassay as well as gas and liquid chromatography with various types of detection, depending on the available equipment and the experience of the analyst. The question is how the methods are interchangeable between themselves. Doubts were reported having compared immunoassays and chromatography-mass spectrometry, but there are scarce data on chromatographic methods with detection types other than mass spectrometry...
January 1, 2018: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
Mireia Alcántara Rodríguez, Andrea Angueyra, Antoine M Cleef, Tinde Van Andel
BACKGROUND: The Sierra Nevada del Cocuy-Güicán in the Colombian Andes is protected as a National Natural Park since 1977 because of its fragile páramo ecosystems, extraordinary biodiversity, high plant endemism, and function as water reservoir. The vegetation on this mountain is threatened by expanding agriculture, deforestation, tourism, and climate change. We present an ethnobotanical inventory among local farmer communities and discuss the effects of vegetation change on the availability of useful plants...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Soo-Rang Lee, Ji-Eun Choi, Byoung-Yoon Lee, Jeong-Nam Yu, Chae Eun Lim
Human-driven habitat fragmentation leads to spatial isolation of endangered plant species increasing extinction risk. Understanding genetic variability and population structure of rare and isolated plant species is of great importance for assessing extinction risk and setting up conservation plans. Aconitum austrokoreense , an endangered and endemic species in Korea, is a perennial herb commonly used for medicinal purposes. We used five nuclear microsatellites and one chloroplast marker to investigate genetic diversity and population structure for 479 individuals of A ...
April 2018: AoB Plants
Y-F Xie, L Yang, R-Y Deng, M-H Chen, X-F Luan, E Gottardi, Z-X Zhang
Eriocaulon buergerianum Körnicke. (Eriocaulaceae) is one of the most common and least expensive herbal medicines for eye disease. This species is facing potential threats from climate change. Insufficient biogeographic knowledge of this plant species can hinder its effective management for long-term population survival. We integrated ecological niche modelling (Biomod2) with 70 records of E. buergerianum and eight environmental variables to estimate changes in distribution over time. A core area Zonation algorithm was introduced to identify conservation priority areas...
April 23, 2018: Plant Biology
Jun He
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Caterpillar mushroom (Ophiocordyceps sinensis) is a unique medicinal fungi which is only found in alpine grasslands in Himalayan mountain regions and the Tibetan Plateau. Known locally as Yartsa Gunbu, it has been widely used in Tibetan and Chinese Medicine for centuries. It is crucial to understand local commercial harvest and trade practices of caterpillar mushroom to support the sustainable management of this valuable resource. However, data derived from empirically grounded research is currently limited, particularly in China...
July 15, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Weronika Kozlowska, Charles Wagner, Erin M Moore, Adam Matkowski, Slavko Komarnytsky
Plants were an essential part of foraging for food and health, and for centuries remained the only medicines available to people from the remote mountain regions. Their correct botanical provenance is an essential basis for understanding the ethnic cultures, as well as for chemical identification of the novel bioactive molecules with therapeutic effects. This work describes the use of herbal medicines in the Beskid mountain ranges located south of Krakow and Lviv, two influential medieval centers of apothecary tradition in the region...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
N K Dzhabarova, N G Sidorina, I N Smirnova, A A Kokhanenko, N G Klopotova
BACKGROUND: the creation of the efficient system of the spa and health resort-based health care for the population of the entire territory of the Russian Federation requires the systematic evaluation and protection of the natural resources of country as a basis for the further development of the health resort and recreation facilities in different regions. AIM: The objective of the present study was to estimate the possibilities of expansion of the health resort and recreational activities based on the rational exploitation of the natural resources of the medical-recreational and balneotherapeutic areas of the Krasnoyarsk Territory...
April 9, 2018: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
Urs Pietsch, Jürgen Knapp, Oliver Kreuzer, Ludwig Ney, Giacomo Strapazzon, Volker Lischke, Roland Albrecht, Patrick Phillips, Simon Rauch
BACKGROUND: Providing sufficient oxygenation and ventilation is of paramount importance for the survival of emergency patients. Therefore, advanced airway management is one of the core tasks for every rescue team. Endotracheal intubation is the gold standard to secure the airway in the prehospital setting. This review aims to highlight special considerations for advanced airway management preceding human external cargo (HEC) evacuations. METHODS: We systematically searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, and PubMed in August 2017 for articles on airway management and ventilation in patients before hoist or longline operation in HEMS...
April 3, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
N A Teke, T R Kinge, E Bechem, T M Nji, L M Ndam, A M Mih
BACKGROUND: Majority of the people in rural areas depend on traditional fungi-based medicines to combat different illnesses. This ethnomycological survey was undertaken to document the traditional knowledge of mushrooms among the communities in the Kilum-Ijim mountain forest reserve. Although macrofungi are exploited for food and medicine, their ethnomycological knowledge has not been documented in this ecosystem. METHODS: A field study was carried out between 2014 and 2015; 14 mushrooms used by the local communities were collected and identified using the polymorphism of the ribosomal ITS1, 5...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Monika Brodmann Maeder, Hermann Brugger, Matiram Pun, Giacomo Strapazzon, Tomas Dal Cappello, Marco Maggiorini, Peter Hackett, Peter Bärtsch, Erik R Swenson, Ken Zafren
Brodmann Maeder, Monika, Hermann Brugger, Matiram Pun, Giacomo Strapazzon, Tomas Dal Cappello, Marco Maggiorini, Peter Hackett, Peter Baärtsch, Erik R. Swenson, Ken Zafren (STAR Core Group), and the STAR Delphi Expert Group. The STARdata reporting guidelines for clinical high altitude research. High AltMedBiol. 19:7-14, 2018. AIMS: The goal of the STAR (STrengthening Altitude Research) initiative was to produce a uniform set of key elements for research and reporting in clinical high-altitude (HA) medicine...
March 2018: High Altitude Medicine & Biology
Robert C Roach, Peter H Hackett, Oswald Oelz, Peter Bärtsch, Andrew M Luks, Martin J MacInnis, J Kenneth Baillie
Roach, Robert C., Peter H. Hackett, Oswald Oelz, Peter Bärtsch, Andrew M. Luks, Martin J. MacInnis, J. Kenneth Baillie, and The Lake Louise AMS Score Consensus Committee. The 2018 Lake Louise Acute Mountain Sickness Score. High Alt Med Biol 19:1-4, 2018.- The Lake Louise Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS) scoring system has been a useful research tool since first published in 1991. Recent studies have shown that disturbed sleep at altitude, one of the five symptoms scored for AMS, is more likely due to altitude hypoxia per se, and is not closely related to AMS...
March 2018: High Altitude Medicine & Biology
Raimund Lechner, Thomas Küpper, Markus Tannheimer
INTRODUCTION: History is full of examples of the influence of the mountain environment on warfare. The aim of this article is to identify the main environmental hazards and summarize countermeasures to mitigate the impact of this unique environment. METHODS: A selective PubMed and Internet search was conducted. Additionally, we searched bibliographies for useful supplemental literature and included the recommendations of the leading mountain medicine and wilderness medicine societies...
March 16, 2018: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
Oleg B Shevelev, Alisa A Seryapina, Evgenii L Zavjalov, Lyudmila A Gerlinskaya, Tatiana N Goryachkovskaya, Nikolay M Slynko, Leonid V Kuibida, Sergey E Peltek, Arcady L Markel, Mikhail P Moshkin
BACKGROUND: As the standard clinically used hypotensive medicines have many undesirable side effects, there is a need for new therapeutic agents, especially ones of a natural origin. PURPOSE: One possible candidate is extract from the mushroom Reishi (Ganoderma lucidum), which is used in the treatment and prevention of many chronic diseases. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: To study the effectiveness of Reishi, which grows in the Altai Mountains, as an antihypertensive agent, we intragastrically administered Reishi water extract to adult male hypertensive ISIAH (inherited stress-induced arterial hypertension) rats...
March 1, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Fayez Hamam, Ahmed Eldalo, Qasem Abdallah, Ibrahim Al-Deeb, Saleh Alzahrani, Abdullah Alwagdani, Ahmed Alotaibi, Abdel-Rahman Nasr, Yaser Gouda, Khaled Mohamed
Huernia Sp. Nov. aff. Boleana, Apocynaceae, grows in the high mountains of southwest Saudi Arabia and is widely used as a remedy for the treatment of diabetes. The present study investigated the anti‑inflammatory, wound healing and inhibitory effects on migration of Huernia Sp. Nov. aff. Boleana. The anti‑inflammatory effect was assessed in mice using formalin‑induced edema. Wound healing effects were assessed in rats using a circular excision wound model. An in vitro 'scratch' test was used to investigate the inhibitory effects on melanoma cell (B16‑F10) migration...
April 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Jian Jin, Wenli Kang, Can Zhong, You Qin, Rongrong Zhou, Hao Liu, Jing Xie, Lin Chen, Yuhui Qin, Shuihan Zhang
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The Yao ethnic group in Xuefeng Mountains area have used Xuefeng cordyceps, the caterpillar-fungus complex of Ophiocordyceps xuefengensis, for treating a variety of diseases for long. Just like some other cordyceps, O. xuefengensis, which is identified as the sister taxon of O. sinensis in 2013, also seems to have broad pharmacological properties, not only enhancing human immunity, anti-bacteria, anti-virus, but also anti-tumor. However, investigation of the medicinal fugal species O...
February 24, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Young-Ho Ha, Changkyun Kim, Kyung Choi, Joo-Hwan Kim
Tribe Forsythieae (Oleaceae), containing two genera ( Abeliophyllum and Forsythia ) and 13 species, is economically important plants used as ornamentals and in traditional medicine. This tribe species occur primarily in mountainous regions of Eurasia with the highest species diversity in East Asia. Here, we examine 11 complete chloroplast genome and nuclear cycloidea2 ( cyc2 ) DNA sequences of 10 Forsythia species and Abeliophyllum distichum using Illumina platform to provide the phylogeny and biogeographic history of the tribe...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
Marc Blancher, François Albasini, Fidel Elsensohn, Ken Zafren, Natalie Hölzl, Kyle McLaughlin, Albert R Wheeler, Steven Roy, Hermann Brugger, Mike Greene, Peter Paal
Blancher, Marc, François Albasini, Fidel Elsensohn, Ken Zafren, Natalie Hölzl, Kyle McLaughlin, Albert R. Wheeler III, Steven Roy, Hermann Brugger, Mike Greene, and Peter Paal. Management of multi-casualty incidents in mountain rescue. High Alt Med Biol. 00:000-000, 2018. INTRODUCTION: Multi-Casualty Incidents (MCI) occur in mountain areas. Little is known about the incidence and character of such events, and the kind of rescue response. Therefore, the International Commission for Mountain Emergency Medicine (ICAR MEDCOM) set out to provide recommendations for the management of MCI in mountain areas...
February 15, 2018: High Altitude Medicine & Biology
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