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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810344/-discussion-on-medicinal-history-and-germplasm-resource-of-clinopodium-herba
#1
G Y Li, X W Song, W W Sheng, M Wang
By sorting out the literature on materiamedica, it is found that medicinal history of ClinopodiumHerba is rather long which can be traced back to caoxuejiein Lüchan yan ben cao (Mountainous Materia Medica) with definite efficacy and usage; it is generally believed that the original plant of ClinopodiumHerba is Clinopodiumpolycephalum (Vaniot) C. Y. Wu et Hsuan and C. chinensis (Benth.) O. Kuntze are two separate species, also some scholarsclaim that C. polycephalum and C. chinensisare the same plant. But I think C...
May 28, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810235/obesity-as-a-conditioning-factor-for-high-altitude-diseases
#2
Rocío San Martin, Julio Brito, Patricia Siques, Fabiola León-Velarde
Obesity, a worldwide epidemic, has become a major health burden because it is usually accompanied by an increased risk for insulin resistance, diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, and even some kinds of cancer. It also results in associated increases in healthcare expenditures and labor and economic consequences. There are also other fields of medicine and biology where obesity or being overweight play a major role, such as high-altitude illnesses (acute mountain sickness, hypoxic pulmonary hypertension, and chronic mountain sickness), where an increasing relationship among these two morbid statuses has been demonstrated...
August 16, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804492/population-genetic-differentiation-and-taxonomy-of-three-closely-related-species-of-saxifraga-saxifragaceae-from-southern-tibet-and-the-hengduan-mountains
#3
Qing-Bo Gao, Yan Li, Zhuo-Ma Gengji, Richard J Gornall, Jiu-Li Wang, Hai-Rui Liu, Liu-Kun Jia, Shi-Long Chen
The effects of rapid, recent uplift of the Hengduan Mountains on evolution and diversification of young floristic lineages still remain unclear. Here, we investigate diversification of three closely related Saxifraga species with a distribution restricted to the Hengduan Mountains (HM) and southern Tibet, and comment on their taxonomy based on molecular evidence. Three chloroplast DNA fragments (rbcL, trnL-F, trnS-G) and the nuclear ribosomal DNA internal transcribed spacer (ITS) were employed to study genetic structure across 104 individuals from 12 populations of Saxifraga umbellulata, S...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790914/ethnopharmacological-and-chemical-characterization-of-salvia-species-used-in-valencian-traditional-herbal-preparations
#4
Vanessa Martínez-Francés, Emeline Hahn, Segundo Ríos, Diego Rivera, Eike Reich, Roser Vila, Salvador Cañigueral
In Valencia Region (Spain), some wild and cultivated sages are used for medicinal purposes. Among them, Salvia officinalis subsp. lavandulifolia (SL) is widely employed and known for production of Spanish sage oil and herbal products. Nevertheless, it shares the market with S. blancoana subsp. mariolensis (SB) and, to a lesser extent, with their hybrid S. x hegelmaieri (SH). The knowledge on these two species is far low and confusion between them is possible. The aim of the present paper is to improve the ethnopharmacological, morphological and chemical knowledge of these sages, and to contribute to setting up quality specifications for improving identification and distinction from other Salvia species, such as, S...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744301/three-dimensional-evaluation-on-ecotypic-diversity-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-a-case-study-of-artemisia-annua-l
#5
Lin Li, Brinckmann A Josef, Bing Liu, Sihao Zheng, Linfang Huang, Shilin Chen
Artemisinin is the first-line drug for anti-malaria recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO). As the sole natural plant source of artemisinin, ecotypes of Artemisia annua L. vary widely in artemisinin content between nations, and China is the main producing area of A. annua. Here we present a three-dimensional evaluation on ecotypic diversity of A. annua from 12 main producing areas in China using high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with evaporative light scattering detection (HPLC-ELSD) method, DNA barcoding and ecological analyses...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732812/extracts-and-compounds-active-on-trp-ion-channels-from-waldheimia-glabra-a-ritual-medicinal-plant-from-himalaya
#6
Annamaria Giorgi, Angela Bassoli, Gigliola Borgonovo, Sara Panseri, Alessandra Manzo, Daniela Pentimalli, Aniello Schiano Moriello, Luciano De Petrocellis
BACKGROUND: Waldheimia glabra (Decne.) Regel is a wild plant from the Himalayan Mountains, commonly known as Smooth Ground Daisy. This plant is traditionally used by local populations in religious rituals (incense) or in traditional herbal medicine to treat skin diseases, headache, joint pain and fever. In literature few data are available on the investigation of this aromatic plant. PURPOSE: The present work aims at deepening knowledge about the chemical composition of W...
August 15, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640968/the-impact-of-andean-patagonian-mycoflora-in-the-search-for-new-lead-molecules
#7
REVIEW
Pedro M Aqueveque, Carlos L Cespedes, Isao Kubo, David S Seigler, Olov Sterner
Secondary metabolites from fungi have become a major source of chemical innovation in programs searching for lead molecules with bioactivities, especially over the last 50 years. In this review, we discuss the fundamental considerations in the discovery of molecules for agricultural and medicinal uses. This group of organisms possesses a strong potential for scientific and industrial communities. Recently, the incorporation of new technologies for the artificial cultivation of fungi and the use of better equipment to isolate and identify active metabolites has allowed the discovery of leading molecules for the design of new and safer drugs and pesticides...
June 22, 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635906/-obstructive-sleep-apnea-at-high-altitude
#8
A K Myrzaakhmatova
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is an important and socially relevant problem of modern medicine, which is referred to as a most common pathological condition. The problem of OSA is especially urgent for inhabitants of high mountainous regions, as a combination of climatic, social, and cultural factors can significantly affect the course of the disease in both indigenous highlanders and people temporarily residing at high altitude. The paper reviews the current literature covering the problem of OSA at high altitude...
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606208/medical-requirements-during-a-natural-disaster-a-case-study-on-whatsapp-chats-among-medical-personnel-during-the-2015-nepal-earthquake
#9
Moumita Basu, Saptarshi Ghosh, Arnab Jana, Somprakash Bandyopadhyay, Ravikant Singh
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to explore a log of WhatsApp messages exchanged among members of the health care group Doctors For You (DFY) while they were providing medical relief in the aftermath of the Nepal earthquake in April 2015. Our motivation was to identify medical resource requirements during a disaster in order to help government agencies and other responding organizations to be better prepared in any upcoming disaster. METHODS: A large set of WhatsApp (WhatsApp Inc, Mountain View, CA) messages exchanged among DFY members during the Nepal earthquake was collected and analyzed to identify the medical resource requirements during different phases of relief operations...
June 13, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597449/physiological-targets-of-salicylic-acid-on-artemisia-aucheri-boiss-as-a-medicinal-and-aromatic-plant-grown-under-in-vitro-drought-stress
#10
Jalil Abbaspour, Ali Akbar Ehsanpour
BACKGROUND: Artemisia aucheri BOISS is a medicinal and aromatic plant, which is endemic to mountainous areas of Iran and surroundings. In this study, we investigated the alleviating effects of salicylic acid (SA) pretreatment (0.01 and 0.1 mM) on A. aucheri under in vitro drought stress induced by 2 and 4% polyethylene glycol (PEG/6000). RESULTS: Plants exposed to PEG stress showed higher levels of H2O2, MDA and electrolyte leakage compared with control. While SA pretreatment decreased these parameters under PEG stress significantly...
December 2016: Botanical Studies (Taipei, Taiwan)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561205/treatment-with-mountain-cultivated-ginseng-alleviates-trimethyltin-induced-cognitive-impairments-in-mice-via-il-6-dependent-jak2-stat3-erk-signaling
#11
Thu-Hien Thi Tu, Naveen Sharma, Eun-Joo Shin, Hai-Quyen Tran, Yu Jeung Lee, Seung-Yeol Nah, Hoang-Yen Phi Tran, Ji Hoon Jeong, Jung Hwan Jeong, Sung Kwon Ko, Jae Kyung Byun, Hyoung-Chun Kim
Panax ginseng is the most widely used herbal medicine for improving cognitive functions. The pharmacological activity and underlying mechanisms of mountain-cultivated ginseng, however, have yet to be clearly elucidated, in particular, against trimethyltin-induced cognitive dysfunction. We previously reported that interleukin-6 plays a protective role against trimethyltin-induced cognitive dysfunction. Because of this, we have implemented a study system that uses interleukin-6 null (-/-) and wild-type mice. Interestingly, mountain-cultivated ginseng significantly upregulated interleukin-6 expression...
May 30, 2017: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506903/ethnozoological-assessment-of-animals-used-by-mon-traditional-medicine-vendors-at-kyaiktiyo-myanmar
#12
Vincent Nijman, Chris R Shepherd
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Wild animals are widely used in traditional Asian medicine but information from Myanmar is lacking. We show that a wide range of animals are used at a pilgrimage site, mostly for their rendered fats and oils to be used in mixed concoctions. The majority of species were sold to be used to treat aching joints, muscle ache and skin diseases. AIM OF THE STUDY: To assess wildlife for sale for medicinal purposes, and document their medicinal use at Kyaiktiyo, a pilgrimage site at a 1100m tall mountain, with many of the pilgrims climbing to the top...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476175/biochemical-and-proteomics-analyses-of-antioxidant-enzymes-reveal-the-potential-stress-tolerance-in-rhododendron-chrysanthum-pall
#13
Xiaofu Zhou, Silin Chen, Hui Wu, Yi Yang, Hongwei Xu
BACKGROUND: Rhododendron chrysanthum Pall., an endangered species with significant ornamental and medicinal value, is endemic to the Changbai Mountain of China and can also serve as a significant plant resource for investigating the stress tolerance in plants. Proteomics is an effective analytical tool that provides significant information about plant metabolism and gene expression. However, no proteomics data have been reported for R. chrysanthum previously. In alpine tundra, the abiotic stress will lead to a severe over-accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS)...
May 3, 2017: Biology Direct
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468295/chemical-comparison-of-two-drying-methods-of-mountain-cultivated-ginseng-by-uplc-qtof-ms-ms-and-multivariate-statistical-analysis
#14
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Xin-Fang Xu, Shu-Ya Xu, Ying Zhang, Hui Zhang, Meng-Nan Liu, Huan Liu, Yan Gao, Xue Xue, Hui Xiong, Rui-Chao Lin, Xiang-Ri Li
In traditional Chinese medicine practice, drying method is an essential factor to influence the components of Chinese medicinal herbs. In this study, an ultra-performance liquid chromatography quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-QTOF-MS/MS)-based approach was used to compare the content of chemical compounds of mountain cultivated ginseng that had been natural air dried (LX-P) and vacuum freeze-dried (LX-L). Multivariate statistical analysis such as principal component analysis (PCA) and supervised orthogonal partial least squared discrimination analysis (OPLS-DA) were used to select the influential components of different samples...
April 30, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376775/anti-hyperuricemic-anti-inflammatory-and-analgesic-effects-of-siegesbeckia-orientalis-l-resulting-from-the-fraction-with-high-phenolic-content
#15
Thuy Duong Nguyen, Phuong Thien Thuong, In Hyun Hwang, Thi Kim Huyen Hoang, Minh Khoi Nguyen, Hoang Anh Nguyen, MinKyun Na
BACKGROUND: The medicinal plant Siegesbeckia orientalis L. has been commonly used for the treatment of acute arthritis, rheumatism, and gout in Vietnam. However, pharmacological research of this plant associated with gout has not been reported. Anti-hyperuricemic and anti-inflammatory effects were evaluated and observed for the crude ethanol extract (CEE) of S. orientalis. Retention of these biological properties was found in a n-butanol-soluble fraction (BuOH fr.) of the extract, and therefore further biological and chemical investigations were undertaken on the BuOH fr...
April 4, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279174/traditional-knowledge-on-wild-and-cultivated-plants-in-the-kilombero-valley-morogoro-region-tanzania
#16
Mirko Salinitro, Renzo Vicentini, Costantino Bonomi, Annalisa Tassoni
BACKGROUND: This research was performed in four villages adjacent the boundary of Udzungwa Mountains National Park in the Kilombero River plain of Tanzania. The area adjacent the villages is characterized by self-consumption agriculture, with a population that is on average poor, still very tied to traditions and almost entirely unaffected by modernization and technology. The aim of the present study was to investigate and record local knowledge regarding the use of wild and traditionally cultivated plants used for traditional medicine and for other everyday purposes (e...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222809/indigenous-knowledge-and-use-of-lichens-by-the-lichenophilic-communities-of-the-nepal-himalaya
#17
Shiva Devkota, Ram Prasad Chaudhary, Silke Werth, Christoph Scheidegger
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to document the prevailing indigenous knowledge and various uses of lichens among the lichenophilic communities in the hills and mountainous settlements of Nepal. METHODS: Ethnic uses were recorded during twelve field trips, each of roughly 15 days in three consecutive years, through direct questionnaires administered to 190 respondents. Lichen samples were identified applying microscopic observation and thin layer chromatography (TLC)...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203722/facing-acute-hypoxia-from-the-mountains-to-critical-care-medicine
#18
M M Berger, M P W Grocott
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165424/changbai-mountain-ginseng-panax-ginseng-c-a-mey-extract-supplementation-improves-exercise-performance-and-energy-utilization-and-decreases-fatigue-associated-parameters-in-mice
#19
Guo-Dong Ma, Chun-Hui Chiu, Yi-Ju Hsu, Chien-Wen Hou, Yi-Ming Chen, Chi-Chang Huang
Changbai Mountain Ginseng (CMG, Panax ginseng C.A. Mey) is a traditional medicine commonly found in Northeast China and grows at elevations of 2000 m or higher in the Changbai Mountain Range. CMG, considered to be a "buried treasure medicine", is priced higher than other types of ginseng. However, few studies have demonstrated the effects of CMG supplementation on exercise performance, physical fatigue, and the biochemical profile. The major compound of CMG extract was characterized by electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-ESI-MS/MS)...
February 5, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115574/mountain-area-health-education-center-expands-training-in-family-medicine-and-adds-new-programs-in-psychiatry-and-general-surgery
#20
Jeff Heck, Christa Currie, E Blake Fagan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: North Carolina Medical Journal
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