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Mountain medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203722/facing-acute-hypoxia-from-the-mountains-to-critical-care-medicine
#1
M M Berger, M P W Grocott
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165424/changbai-mountain-ginseng-panax-ginseng-c-a-mey-extract-supplementation-improves-exercise-performance-and-energy-utilization-and-decreases-fatigue-associated-parameters-in-mice
#2
Guo-Dong Ma, Chun-Hui Chiu, Yi-Ju Hsu, Chien-Wen Hou, Yi-Ming Chen, Chi-Chang Huang
Changbai Mountain Ginseng (CMG, Panax ginseng C.A. Mey) is a traditional medicine commonly found in Northeast China and grows at elevations of 2000 m or higher in the Changbai Mountain Range. CMG, considered to be a "buried treasure medicine", is priced higher than other types of ginseng. However, few studies have demonstrated the effects of CMG supplementation on exercise performance, physical fatigue, and the biochemical profile. The major compound of CMG extract was characterized by electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-ESI-MS/MS)...
February 5, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115574/mountain-area-health-education-center-expands-training-in-family-medicine-and-adds-new-programs-in-psychiatry-and-general-surgery
#3
Jeff Heck, Christa Currie, E Blake Fagan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: North Carolina Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112542/review-of-mountain-medicine-and-technical-rescue
#4
Ken Zafren
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 23, 2017: High Altitude Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108383/traditional-uses-of-medicinal-plants-reported-by-the-indigenous-communities-and-local-herbal-practitioners-of-bajaur-agency-federally-administrated-tribal-areas-pakistan
#5
Muhammad Abdul Aziz, Amir Hasan Khan, Muhammad Adnan, Izatullah Izatullah
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: In the study area, knowledge related to the traditional uses of medicinal plants is totally in the custody of elder community members and local herbalists. The younger generation is unaware of the traditional knowledge, however with only few exceptions. Therefore, this study was planned with objective to document the medicinal importance of plants, conserve this precious indigenous knowledge, and share it among other communities through published literature...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097059/the-complete-chloroplast-genome-sequence-of-an-endemic-monotypic-genus-hagenia-rosaceae-structural-comparative-analysis-gene-content-and-microsatellite-detection
#6
Andrew W Gichira, Zhizhong Li, Josphat K Saina, Zhicheng Long, Guangwan Hu, Robert W Gituru, Qingfeng Wang, Jinming Chen
Hagenia is an endangered monotypic genus endemic to the topical mountains of Africa. The only species, Hagenia abyssinica (Bruce) J.F. Gmel, is an important medicinal plant producing bioactive compounds that have been traditionally used by African communities as a remedy for gastrointestinal ailments in both humans and animals. Complete chloroplast genomes have been applied in resolving phylogenetic relationships within plant families. We employed high-throughput sequencing technologies to determine the complete chloroplast genome sequence of H...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029062/the-main-constituents-of-tulipa-systola-stapf-roots-and-flowers-their-antioxidant-activities
#7
Mohammed Farhad Ibrahim, Faiq Hama Saeed Hussain, Giuseppe Zanoni, Giovanni Vidari
People living on the mountains of the Kurdistan Region, Iraq make a large use of herbs in the local traditional medicine. Among them, Tulipa systola, which grows under and between rocks, is very popular as an anti-inflammatory remedy and pain-relief. The phytochemical study of an ethanolic extract obtained from flowers and roots of Tulip (T systola Stapf.) afforded three compounds, identified as (+)-1-O-E-feruloyl-3-O-E-p-coumaroylglycerol (1), (+)-6-tuliposide A (2), and (-)-kaempferol-3-O-rutinoside (3). The significant radical scavenging and antioxidant activity of the isolated compounds were evaluated on three tests, by determining the DPPH free radical scavenging activity, the total antioxidant activity and the hydrogen peroxide scavenging activity...
December 28, 2016: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834930/ttf1-in-the-form-of-nanoparticles-inhibits-angiogenesis-cell-migration-and-cell-invasion-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-in-human-hepatoma-through-stat3-regulation
#8
Bin Xiao, Dongjing Lin, Xuan Zhang, Meilan Zhang, Xuewu Zhang
TTF1-NP (5,2',4'-trihydroxy-6,7,5'-trimethoxyflavone nanoparticles), derived from the traditional Changbai Mountain medicinal plant Sorbaria sorbifolia (SS), has been showed its anti-cancer effect in various liver cancer cell types and tissues. The present study was designed to evaluate the antitumor mechanism of the TTF1-NP against HepG2 hepatoma cells and HepG2 cells-induced hepatocarcinoma (HCC) in nude mouse model. Here we demonstrated that TTF1-NP inhibits tube formation of HUVECs and HepG2 cell migration and invasion, and inhibits tumor growth in nude mice implanted with HepG2 cells through the downregulation of STAT3 protein and activation, along with VEGF, KDR, bFGF, MMP2 and MMP9 levels...
November 10, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833811/phytogeographic-and-genetic-variation-in-sorbus-a-traditional-antidiabetic-medicine-adaptation-in-action-in-both-a-plant-and-a-discipline
#9
Anna Bailie, Sebastien Renaut, Eliane Ubalijoro, José A Guerrero-Analco, Ammar Saleem, Pierre Haddad, John T Arnason, Timothy Johns, Alain Cuerrier
Mountain ash (Sorbus decora and S. americana) is used by the Cree Nation of the James Bay region of Quebec (Eeyou Istchee) as traditional medicine. Its potential as an antidiabetic medicine is thought to vary across its geographical range, yet little is known about the factors that affect its antioxidant capacity. Here, we examined metabolite gene expression in relation to antioxidant activity, linking phytochemistry and medicinal potential. Samples of leaf and bark from S. decora and S. americana were collected from 20 populations at four different latitudes...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808070/geographic-eponyms-a-history-of-geography-in-medicine
#10
Maharra Hussain, Sanjay A Pai
Geographic eponyms have commonly been used in medical terminology, with diseases and medical entities being named after the place where the condition was discovered (e.g. Bombay Blood group) or invented (Jaipur Foot) or where the disease was first detected (Rocky Mountain Spotted fever) or where a consensus meeting has been held (Banff) or for other reasons (Argentina flag, Congo red stain). In 2015, the WHO decided to adopt a politically correct method to name infectious diseases in the future. We illustrate, in verse form, some of the places that have been used in medical terminology, over the centuries...
May 2016: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808057/-mountain-medicine-ii
#11
Bjørn Bay, Kasper Fjellhaugen Hjuler
Travelling to high altitudes is an increasingly popular form of recreational holiday. Individual medical advice may be essential for certain groups of individuals such as patients with chronic disorders, pregnant women or children. This is the second part in a series of two articles on mountain medicine. The first part covered high-altitude physiology and medical aspects of objective alpine dangers and the increased exposure to ultraviolet radiation. This part covers altitude sickness, fluid balance, nutrition, and precautions for patients with pre-existing medical conditions, pregnant women and children...
October 31, 2016: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808056/-mountain-medicine-an-introduction-i
#12
Kasper Fjellhaugen Hjuler, Bjørn Bay
Tourism to high-altitude areas is increasingly popular even from low-lying regions such as Denmark. Mountain sports include skiing, mountaineering, and ski touring. The young, elderly and at-risk individuals with pre-existing illnesses engage in recreational mountain activities. Thus, risk assessment and counselling regarding altitude exposure is increasingly relevant to all healthcare providers. In this first article of two in a review series, we summarize the state of the art of altitude physiology, alpine dangers and avalanches, and medical aspects of the increased UV-exposure at altitude...
October 31, 2016: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781160/predictions-of-potential-geographical-distribution-and-quality-of-schisandra-sphenanthera-under-climate-change
#13
Yanlong Guo, Haiyan Wei, Chunyan Lu, Bei Gao, Wei Gu
Climate change will significantly affect plant distribution as well as the quality of medicinal plants. Although numerous studies have analyzed the effect of climate change on future habitats of plants through species distribution models (SDMs), few of them have incorporated the change of effective content of medicinal plants. Schisandra sphenanthera Rehd. et Wils. is an endangered traditional Chinese medical plant which is mainly located in the Qinling Mountains. Combining fuzzy theory and a maximum entropy model, we obtained current spatial distribution of quality assessment for S...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746685/in%C3%A2-vitro-and-in%C3%A2-vivo-evaluation-of-tissue-cultured-mountain-ginseng-on%C3%A2-penile-erection
#14
Ho Sung Lee, Young Joo Lee, Yoon Hee Chung, Moo Yeol Lee, Sung Tae Kim, Sung Kwon Ko, Mariko Momoi, Yutaka Kondoh, Fumio Sasaki, Ji Hoon Jeong
BACKGROUND: Progressed tissue culture techniques have allowed us to easily obtain mass products of tissue-cultured mountain ginseng over 100 yr old (TCMG-100). We investigated the effects of TCMG-100 extract on erectile function using in vitro and in vivo studies. METHODS: To examine the relaxation effects and mechanisms of action of TCMG-100 on rabbit cavernosal strips evaluated in an organ bath. To investigate the long-term treatment effect of TCMG-100, 8-wk administration was performed...
October 2016: Journal of Ginseng Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698731/quality-evaluation-of-heshouwu-a-taoist-medicine-in-wudang-china
#15
Hongliang Li, Shuqiang Cao, Xuanbin Wang, Qimin Zuo, Ping Chen, Ying Liu, Ming Liu, Yibin Feng, Xincai Hao, Longchao Xiang, Xiaohua Zeng
Polygonum multiflorum Thunb., which is known as Heshouwu in China, is a Taoist medicine sourced from the Wudang mountain area. At present, the quality of the Heshouwu sourced from this region is unknown. The present study aimed to evaluate the quality of wild Heshouwu collected from the Wudang mountain area, particularly the 2,3,5,4'-tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-β-D-glucoside (TSG) and combined anthraquinone (CAQ) content, compared with that of commercially available Heshouwu. Furthermore, the potential quantities of organic pesticide residues were determined...
October 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669341/histopathological-changes-in-lungs-of-the-mountain-snow-avalanche-victims-and-its-potential-usefulness-in-determination-of-cause-and-mechanism-of-death
#16
M Kobek, R Skowronek, C Jabłoński, Z Jankowski, A Pałasz
On 28 January 2003 snow avalanche in the Polish Tatras happened, in which 8 people died and 5 were injured. We tried to determine cause and manner of death in 6 fatal victims instead of advanced late post mortem changes in internal organs. Taking into consideration the circumstances of death, we paid special attention to histopathological examination of lungs, extended by Gomori's and AZAN staining. Pattern of the changes was similar to those observed in forensic medicine in cases of asphyxia due to airway obstruction and/or immobilization of chest and abdomen (Perthes' syndrome)...
2016: Archiwum Medycyny Sa̧dowej i Kryminologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642287/rhizospheric-bacterial-community-of-endemic-rhododendron-arboreum-sm-ssp-delavayi-along-eastern-himalayan-slope-in-tawang
#17
Rajal Debnath, Archana Yadav, Vijai K Gupta, Bhim P Singh, Pratap J Handique, Ratul Saikia
Information on rhizosphere microbiome of endemic plants from high mountain ecosystems against those of cultivated plantations is inadequate. Comparative bacterial profiles of endemic medicinal plant Rhododendron arboreum Sm. subsp. delavayi rhizosphere pertaining to four altitudinal zonation Pankang Thang (PTSO), Nagula, Y-junction and Bum La (Indo-China border; in triplicates each) along cold adapted Eastern slope of Himalayan Tawang region, India is described here. Significant differences in DGGE profile between below ground bulk vs...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637441/simulation-based-training-in-mountain-helicopter-emergency-medical-service-a-multidisciplinary-team-training-concept
#18
Urs Pietsch, Jürgen Knapp, Ludwig Ney, Armin Berner, Volker Lischke
OBJECTIVE: Mountain helicopter rescue operations often confront crews with unique challenges in which even minor errors can result in dangerous situations. Simulation training provides a promising tool to train the management of complex multidisciplinary settings, thus reducing the occurrence of fatal errors and increasing the safety for both the patient and the helicopter emergency medical service (HEMS) crew. METHODS: A simulation-based training, dedicated to mountain helicopter emergency medicine service, was developed and executed...
September 2016: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633781/accidental-hypothermia-an-update-the-content-of-this-review-is-endorsed-by-the-international-commission-for-mountain-emergency-medicine-icar-medcom
#19
REVIEW
Peter Paal, Les Gordon, Giacomo Strapazzon, Monika Brodmann Maeder, Gabriel Putzer, Beat Walpoth, Michael Wanscher, Doug Brown, Michael Holzer, Gregor Broessner, Hermann Brugger
BACKGROUND: This paper provides an up-to-date review of the management and outcome of accidental hypothermia patients with and without cardiac arrest. METHODS: The authors reviewed the relevant literature in their specialist field. Summaries were merged, discussed and approved to produce this narrative review. RESULTS: The hospital use of minimally-invasive rewarming for non-arrested, otherwise healthy, patients with primary hypothermia and stable vital signs has the potential to substantially decrease morbidity and mortality for these patients...
September 15, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612599/ethnobotany-of-the-balti-community-tormik-valley-karakorum-range-baltistan-pakistan
#20
Zaheer Abbas, Shujaul Mulk Khan, Arshad Mehmood Abbasi, Andrea Pieroni, Zahid Ullah, Muhammad Iqbal, Zeeshan Ahmad
BACKGROUND: Limited health facilities and malnutrition are major problems in the Karakorum Range of Northern Pakistan, often resulting in various human disorders. Since centuries, however, local communities in these areas have developed traditional methods for treating various ailments and local foods capes that can be significant for devising public health and nutritional policies. This study was intended to document the ethnobotanical knowledge of the local peoples in the Tormik Valley, especially in the medical and food domains...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
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