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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446647/management-of-multi-casualty-incidents-in-mountain-rescue-evidence-based-guidelines-of-the-international-commission-for-mountain-emergency-medicine-icar-medcom
#1
Marc Blancher, François Albasini, Fidel Elsensohn, Ken Zafren, Natalie Hölzl, Kyle McLaughlin, Albert R Wheeler, Steven Roy, Hermann Brugger, Mike Greene, Peter Paal
Blancher, Marc, François Albasini, Fidel Elsensohn, Ken Zafren, Natalie Hölzl, Kyle McLaughlin, Albert R. Wheeler III, Steven Roy, Hermann Brugger, Mike Greene, and Peter Paal. Management of multi-casualty incidents in mountain rescue. High Alt Med Biol. 00:000-000, 2018. INTRODUCTION: Multi-Casualty Incidents (MCI) occur in mountain areas. Little is known about the incidence and character of such events, and the kind of rescue response. Therefore, the International Commission for Mountain Emergency Medicine (ICAR MEDCOM) set out to provide recommendations for the management of MCI in mountain areas...
February 15, 2018: High Altitude Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442688/biosynthesis-of-sno%C3%A2-nanoparticles-based-on-response-surface-methodology-and-the-study-of-their-dye-removal
#2
Gui-Bing Hong, Chun-Jie Jiang
Litsea cubeba is an evergreen tree from the Lauraceae family, with the common name of mountain pepper in Taiwan. The extracts from different parts such as the bark, leaf, root and fruit have various medicinal properties and have been extensively used in traditional Chinese medicine. SnO2 nanoparticles (NPs) were synthesized using an extract of Litsea cubeba fruit based on response surface methodology (RSM). The phytochemicals present in the extract of Litsea cubeba fruit played a crucial role in the NP formation, which could be confirmed by Fourier-Transform Infrared Spectrometer (FTIR)...
July 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422373/international-commission-for-mountain-emergency-medicine-consensus-guidelines-for-on-site-management-and-transport-of-patients-in-canyoning-incidents
#3
REVIEW
Giacomo Strapazzon, Oliver Reisten, Fabien Argenone, Ken Zafren, Greg Zen-Ruffinen, Gordon L Larsen, Inigo Soteras
Canyoning is a recreational activity that has increased in popularity in the last decade in Europe and North America, resulting in up to 40% of the total search and rescue costs in some geographic locations. The International Commission for Mountain Emergency Medicine convened an expert panel to develop recommendations for on-site management and transport of patients in canyoning incidents. The goal of the current review is to provide guidance to healthcare providers and canyoning rescue professionals about best practices for rescue and medical treatment through the evaluation of the existing best evidence, focusing on the unique combination of remoteness, water exposure, limited on-site patient management options, and technically challenging terrain...
February 5, 2018: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402113/-state-school-polyclinic-in-petrinja-1925-1945
#4
Boris Vrga, Tatjana Vrga
What has been researched and reconstructed, based on archival documents and data from professional literature, is the activity of the State school-polyclinic in Petrinja, from its foundation in 1925 to its termination in 1945. Key figures taking part in its activity have also been highlighted. Founded as one of the first school-polyclinics in Croatia, the State school-polyclinic in Petrinja developed complete preventive and curative health activities aimed at school population in Petrinja as well as at pupils from the village schools in Petrinja County...
December 2017: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29376253/-chemical-constituents-biological-activities-and-clinical-applications-of-artemisia-rupestris
#5
Ying-Jie Wan, Jian-Xin Xia, Li Tang
Artemisia rupestris is a traditional medicine in Uygur and Kazak in Xinjiang Province, mainly distributed in the territory of Xinjiang Altai area, Tianshan mountains and the Kunlun mountains, growing at an altitude of 1 500 to 4 000 meters of grassland and forest areas. As the broad research on chemical constituents, pharmacological activity, the effective components of A. rupestris have attracted the interest to make up new drugs. Based on the latest research from A. rupestris, identification and geographic distribution, chemical constituents, pharmacological effects, clinical applications were summarized in this article, in the view of Medicinal Ethnobotany...
December 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373997/indigenous-uses-of-ethnomedicinal-plants-among-forest-dependent-communities-of-northern-bengal-india
#6
Antony Joseph Raj, Saroj Biswakarma, Nazir A Pala, Gopal Shukla, Vineeta, Munesh Kumar, Sumit Chakravarty, Rainer W Bussmann
BACKGROUND: Traditional knowledge on ethnomedicinal plant is slowly eroding. The exploration, identification and documentation on utilization of ethnobotanic resources are essential for restoration and preservation of ethnomedicinal knowledge about the plants and conservation of these species for greater interest of human society. METHODS: The study was conducted at fringe areas of Chilapatta Reserve Forest in the foothills of the eastern sub-Himalayan mountain belts of West Bengal, India, from December 2014 to May 2016...
January 26, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328481/ttf1%C3%A2-np-induces-protective-autophagy-during-apoptosis-by-inhibiting-the-akt-mtor-pathway-and-activating-jnk-in-human-liver-cancer-cells
#7
Xuan Zhang, Meilan Zhang, Bin Xiao, Wenjun Jiao, Silin Zhang, Xuewu Zhang
TTF1‑NP is a flavonoid nanoparticle based on 5,2',4'‑trihydroxy‑6,7,5'‑trimethoxyflavone (TTF1), which is derived from the medicinal plant Sorbaria sorbifolia that grows in the Changbai Mountain. We previously demonstrated antitumor effects of TTF1‑NP in human hepatoma including induction of apoptosis and inhibition of angiogenesis, migration and invasion. Herein, we examined the effects of TTF1‑NP on autophagy and its relationship with apoptosis, and explored potential underlying mechanisms in human hepatoma cell lines...
January 5, 2018: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318836/-study-of-extracting-peucedanum-praeruptorum-planted-area-in-ningguo-of-anhui-province-based-on-multi-source-and-multi-phase-image
#8
Ting-Ting Shi, Xiao-Bo Zhang, Ke Zhang, Lan-Ping Guo, Lu-Qi Huang
The herbs used as the material for traditional Chinese medicine are always planted in the mountainous area where the natural environment is suitable. As the mountain terrain is complex and the distribution of planting plots is scattered, the traditional survey method is difficult to obtain accurate planting area. It is of great significance to provide decision support for the conservation and utilization of traditional Chinese medicine resources by studying the method of extraction of Chinese herbal medicine planting area based on remote sensing and realizing the dynamic monitoring and reserve estimation of Chinese herbal medicines...
November 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318835/-study-on-extraction-method-of-panax-notoginseng-plots-in-wenshan-of-yunnan-province-based-on-decision-tree-model
#9
Ting-Ting Shi, Xiao-Bo Zhang, Lan-Ping Guo, Lu-Qi Huang
The herbs used as the material for traditional Chinese medicine are always planted in the mountainous area where the natural environment is suitable. As the mountain terrain is complex and the distribution of planting plots is scattered, the traditional survey method is difficult to obtain accurate planting area. It is of great significance to provide decision support for the conservation and utilization of traditional Chinese medicine resources by studying the method of extraction of Chinese herbal medicine planting area based on remote sensing and realizing the dynamic monitoring and reserve estimation of Chinese herbal medicines...
November 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318831/-spatial-differences-of-chinese-material-medicine-resources-species-in-jilin-province
#10
Xiao-Bo Zhang, Zhi-Dong Qiu, Hui Wang, Zhi-Xian Jing, Lan-Ping Guo, Xiao-Bo Qu, Lu-Qi Huang
The differences in the spatial distribution of regional Chinese material medicine resources between regions are determined by differences in natural conditions and social resources among different regions. Spatiotemporal evolution of the distribution of Chinese material medicine resources is a manifestation of the development process of Chinese medicine industry in time and space. The spatiotemporal evolution of the distribution of regional Chinese material medicine resources can reveal the regularity of spatial distribution of Chinese material medicine resources...
November 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276689/toxic-effect-of-moringa-peregrina-seeds-on-histological-and-biochemical-analyses-of-adult-male-albino-rats
#11
Heba N Gad El-Hak, Abdel Raouf A Moustafa, Samira R Mansour
Moringa is multipurpose promising tree particularly for medicinal use. With its high nutritive and pharmaceutical values, every part of the tree is suitable for human consumptions. The use of vegetate parts, seeds or extracts requires toxicological evaluations to prove and verify safety uses before being added to pharmaceutical medicine, or any other products related to human diet. In this study, Moringa peregrina seeds, grown in high elevation mountain in Saint Catherin area, were investigated and evaluated for their toxicity with respect to its topological potential through histological and biochemical studies in Albino rats...
2018: Toxicology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258287/a-dna-barcode-based-rpa-assay-bar-rpa-for-rapid-identification-of-the-dry-root-of-ficus-hirta-wuzhimaotao
#12
Enwei Tian, Qianqian Liu, Haoting Ye, Fang Li, Zhi Chao
Background: Wuzhimaotao (the dry root of Ficus hirta) is used as both medicine and food ingredient by the locals in areas around Nanling Mountains of China. Due to its very similar external morphologies with Duanchangcao (the root of Gelsemium elegans, which contains gelsemine that is extremely neurotoxic) and the associated growth of these two plants, incidents of food poisoning and even death frequently occur, resulting from the misuse of Duanchangcao as Wuzhimaotao. The aim of this study is to develop a fast, even, on-spot approach to identification of Wuzhimaotao...
December 18, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196839/purification-and-activity-characterization-of-polysaccharides-in-the-medicinal-lichen-umbilicaria-tornata-from-taibai-mountain-china
#13
Jiao Shang, Minfeng Fang, Li Zhang, Hui Wang, Guiping Gong, Zhongfu Wang, Ajing Zhao, Huihui Yi
Water-soluble polysaccharides from Umbilicaria tornata (UTP) were purified and preliminarily characterized. The antioxidant and antitumor activities of crude UTP and two purified fractions (UTP-1 and UTP-2) were evaluated using in vitro experiments. The results showed that the molecular weights of UTP-1 and UTP-2 were 84.86 and 28.66 kDa, respectively. Both UTP-1 and UTP-2 were composed of glucose and xylose, with their molar ratios being 1.3:0.9 and 0.9:4.6, respectively. In addition, crude UTP, UTP-1 and UTP-2 showed dose-dependent DPPH and hydroxyl radical scavenging and reducing activities...
December 2, 2017: Glycoconjugate Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187319/ethnoveterinary-botanical-survey-of-medicinal-plants-in-abergelle-sekota-and-lalibela-districts-of-amhara-region-northern-ethiopia
#14
Ayalew Assefa, Adane Bahiru
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The study area is known by its huge livestock resources with extensive ethnoveterinary practice. This knowledge was not documented scientifically until we proposed to do so. The study can aid in future planning of endangered species conservation as well as for experimental studies in search of modern pharmacotherapy. AIM OF THE STUDY: The study objective was to understand the extent of ethnoveterinary practice, methods, types of medicinal plant species used and to generate a comprehensive baseline data that can be used as a basis for further studies...
November 26, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168866/chemical-composition-and-bioactive-properties-of-the-wild-mushroom-polyporus-squamosus-huds-fr-a-study-with-samples-from-romania
#15
Andrei Mocan, Ângela Fernandes, Lillian Barros, Gianina Crişan, Marija Smiljković, Marina Soković, Isabel C F R Ferreira
In Eastern Europe, wild mushrooms are widely collected in mountain areas and used for their medicinal properties or as healthy foods. This study aimed at determining the chemical composition (nutritional value, free sugars, organic acids, phenolic compounds, fatty acids and tocopherols) and bioactive properties (antioxidant, antimicrobial and antiquorum sensing) of wild Polyporus squamosus (Huds.) Fr from Romania. The results indicate that the fruiting bodies of P. squamosus are rich in carbohydrates (74.22 g per 100 g dw) and proteins (18...
November 23, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167679/effects-of-mountain-uplift-and-climatic-oscillations-on-phylogeography-and-species-divergence-in-four-endangered-notopterygium-herbs
#16
Khurram Shahzad, Yun Jia, Fu-Lin Chen, Umar Zeb, Zhong-Hu Li
Mountain uplift and climatic fluctuations are important driving forces that have affected the geographic distribution and population dynamics history of organisms. However, it is unclear how geological and climatic events might have affected the phylogeographic history and species divergence in high-alpine herbal plants. In this study, we analyzed the population demographic history and species differentiation of four endangered Notopterygium herbs on the high-altitude Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau (QTP) and adjacent areas...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137206/ancient-food-habits-dictate-that-food-can-be-medicine-but-medicine-cannot-be-food
#17
Hit Kishore Goswami, Hitendra Kumar Ram
Background: Extensive surveys of several population settlements in different parts of India-covering plains, mountains, valleys, river banks and deeper areas of forests at different altitudes-between 1968 and 2016 demonstrated that the basic vital need of hunger is being fulfilled since antiquity by plants in the wild. Methods: Based on collections, consultations with local population personnel and literature searches, this paper presents many plants that are commonly used as food and focuses on their products, which are rich in alkaloids, polysaccharides, steroids, terpenoids, flavonoids, aminoacids, fatty acids and antibiotics etc...
November 13, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131669/research-in-high-altitude-and-mountain-emergency-medicine-is-methodology-key
#18
Hermann Brugger, Matiram Pun, Erik R Swenson, Markus Falk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 13, 2017: High Altitude Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082679/-variety-and-distribution-of-anhui-native-medicinal-materials-in-ancient-chinese-materia-medica
#19
Jin Xie, Liang-Ping Zha, Hua-Sheng Peng, De-Qun Wang, Dai-Yin Peng
Anhui is located in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River Plain, its across warm temperate zone and subtropics. The mountain and water next to each other, which leads to Chinese medicine resources ranked first in East China. The utilization of traditional Chinese medicine resources in Anhui has a long history, which could date back to the publishing time of Ming Yi Bie Lu (Appendant Records of Famous Physicians). And the kinds of traditional Chinese medicine in Song Dynasty ups to 80. There are also some differences in the distribution of various geographical units in terms of the types: Jianghuai hilly region's ups to 64, 25 in Wannan mountainous area, the species in Dabie Mountains and Huaibei plain are 16 and 14 respectively...
May 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074075/knowledge-of-the-avalanche-victim-resuscitation-checklist-and-utility-of-a-standardized-lecture-in-italy
#20
Giacomo Strapazzon, Daniel Migliaccio, Diego Fontana, Agnieszka Elzbieta Stawinoga, Mario Milani, Hermann Brugger
OBJECTIVE: To explore baseline knowledge about avalanche guidelines and the Avalanche Victim Resuscitation Checklist (AVReCh) in Italy and the knowledge acquisition from a standardized lecture. METHODS: Standardized lecture material discussing AVReCh was presented during 8 mountain medicine courses from November 2014 to April 2016 in different regions of Italy. To determine the knowledge acquisition from the lecture, a pre- and postlecture survey was utilized. RESULTS: A total of 193 surveys were analyzed...
October 23, 2017: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
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