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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30064712/effects-of-the-use-of-respiratory-physiotherapy-in-children-admitted-with-acute-viral-bronchiolitis
#1
G R Gomes, M V F Donadio
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of the use of respiratory physiotherapy in children admitted with acute viral bronchiolitis (AVB). METHODS: A literature review was done searching the Pubmed, LILACS, PEDro, and Scielo databases. The following key words were used: bronchiolitis, physiotherapy, techniques, physical therapy, and chest physiotherapy. Both controlled and uncontrolled clinical trials, without limits as to date, were selected. RESULTS: Fifteen articles were included and the use of different techniques of respiratory physiotherapy showed positive results in eight studies...
August 2018: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30019451/the-effect-of-intrapulmonary-percussive-ventilation-in-pediatric-patients-a-systematic-review
#2
Eline Lauwers, Kris Ides, Kim Van Hoorenbeeck, Stijn Verhulst
BACKGROUND: Intrapulmonary percussive ventilation (IPV) is frequently used in clinical practice to enhance sputum evacuation and lung recruitment. However, the evidence in different respiratory pathologies, especially in children, is still lacking. This systematic review aims to enlist the effectiveness of IPV as an airway clearance technique in pediatric patients. DATA SOURCES: A systematic literature search was performed in PubMed, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library databases...
July 18, 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763354/randomized-controlled-trial-of-pulpotomy-in-primary-molars-using-mta-and-formocresol-compared-to-3mixtatin-a-novel-biomaterial
#3
Zahra Jamali, Vajiheh Alavi, Ebrahim Najafpour, Naser Asl Aminabadi, Sajjad Shirazi
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to compare the efficacy of 3Mixtatin (a combination of simvastatin and 3Mix antibiotic) with MTA and Formocresol for the pulpotomy of primary molars. STUDY DESIGN: 114 children aged 3-6 years old with 150 primary molars were randomly allocated to three groups. MTA, Formocresol or 3Mixtatin were used for Pulpotomies. Hard setting zinc oxide eugenol was used to cover these materials. The teeth were restored with amalgam. Blinded radiographic and clinical examinations were conducted at 6, 12 and 24 months after treatment for the presence of pain, tenderness to palpation and percussion, sinus tract, swelling, presence of internal or external root resorption, inter-radicular radiolucency, and periapical lesion...
2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676680/midline-central-fluid-percussion-model-of-traumatic-brain-injury-in-pediatric-and-adolescent-rats
#4
Rachel K Rowe, Jordan L Harrison, Timothy W Ellis, P David Adelson, Jonathan Lifshitz
OBJECTIVE Experimental traumatic brain injury (TBI) models hold significant validity to the human condition, with each model replicating a subset of clinical features and symptoms. TBI is the leading cause of mortality and morbidity in children and teenagers; thus, it is critical to develop preclinical models of these ages to test emerging treatments. Midline fluid percussion injury (FPI) might best represent mild and diffuse clinical brain injury because of the acute behavioral deficits, the late onset of behavioral morbidities, and the absence of gross histopathology...
July 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201634/innovative-chest-physiotherapy-techniques-the-metaneb-%C3%A2-system-in-the-intubated-child-with-extensive-burns
#5
Alexandra Ferguson, Sarah Wright
Introduction: The Metaneb® is a new generation Intrapulmonary Percussive Ventilation device utilised by the physiotherapist to assist airway clearance by providing calibrated oscillations during inspiration up to 3.8Hz. Predominantly used in the adult chronic respiratory patient, with anecdotal evidence in intubated patients, it was also proven to be safe in a paediatric lung model lab study. This case report outlines the first use of the Metaneb® with an intubated child in Australia...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149385/pre-clinical-models-in-pediatric-traumatic-brain-injury-challenges-and-lessons-learned
#6
REVIEW
Patrick M Kochanek, Jessica S Wallisch, Hülya Bayır, Robert S B Clark
PURPOSE: Despite the enormity of the problem and the lack of new therapies, research in the pre-clinical arena specifically using pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI) models is limited. In this review, some of the key models addressing both the age spectrum of pediatric TBI and its unique injury mechanisms will be highlighted. Four topics will be addressed, namely, (1) unique facets of the developing brain important to TBI model development, (2) a description of some of the most commonly used pre-clinical models of severe pediatric TBI including work in both rodents and large animals, (3) a description of the pediatric models of mild TBI and repetitive mild TBI that are relatively new, and finally (4) a discussion of challenges, gaps, and potential future directions to further advance work in pediatric TBI models...
October 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625390/dopamine-protects-cerebral-autoregulation-and-prevents-hippocampal-necrosis-after-traumatic-brain-injury-via-block-of-erk-mapk-in-juvenile-pigs
#7
Victor Curvello, Hugh Hekierski, Philip Pastor, Monica S Vavilala, William M Armstead
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) contributes to morbidity in children, and more boys experience TBI. Cerebral autoregulation is impaired after TBI, contributing to poor outcome. Cerebral Perfusion Pressure (CPP) is often normalized by use of vasoactive agents to increase mean arterial pressure (MAP). In prior studies of newborn and juvenile pigs, vasoactive agent choice influenced outcome after TBI as a function of age and sex, with none protecting cerebral autoregulation in both ages and sexes. Dopamine (DA) prevents impairment of cerebral autoregulation in male and female newborn pigs via inhibition of upregulation of ERK mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) after fluid percussion injury (FPI)...
September 1, 2017: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355201/sex-and-age-differences-in-phenylephrine-mechanisms-and-outcomes-after-piglet-brain-injury
#8
Victor Curvello, Hugh Hekierski, John Riley, Monica Vavilala, William M Armstead
BackgroundTraumatic brain injury (TBI) is the leading cause of injury-related death in children, with boys and children under 4 years of age having particularly poor outcomes. Cerebral autoregulation is often impaired after TBI, contributing to poor outcome. In prior studies on newborn pigs, phenylephrine (Phe) preferentially protected cerebral autoregulation in female but not in male subjects after TBI. We hypothesized that, in contrast to the newborn, Phe prevents impairment of autoregulation and tissue injury following TBI in both sexes of older pigs...
July 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196142/moderate-injury-in-motor-sensory-cortex-causes-behavioral-deficits-accompanied-by-electrophysiological-changes-in-mice-adulthood
#9
Wei Ouyang, Qichao Yan, Yu Zhang, Zhiheng Fan
Moderate traumatic brain injury (TBI) in children often happen when there's a sudden blow to the frontal bone, end with long unconscious which can last for hours and progressive cognitive deficits. However, with regard to the influences of moderate TBI during children adulthood, injury-induced alterations of locomotive ability, long-term memory performance, and hippocampal electrophysiological firing changes have not yet been fully identified. In this study, lateral fluid percussion (LFP) method was used to fabricate moderate TBI in motor and somatosensory cortex of the 6-weeks-old mice...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931146/d-cycloserine-restores-experience-dependent-neuroplasticity-after-traumatic-brain-injury-in-the-developing-rat-brain
#10
Naomi S Sta Maria, Maxine L Reger, Yan Cai, Mary Anne T Baquing, Floyd Buen, Aditya Ponnaluri, David A Hovda, Neil G Harris, Christopher C Giza
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) in children can cause persisting cognitive and behavioral dysfunction, and inevitably raises concerns about lost potential in these injured youth. Lateral fluid percussion injury (FPI) in weanling rats pathologically affects hippocampal N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDAR)- and α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid receptor (AMPAR)-mediated glutamatergic neurotransmission subacutely within the first post-injury week. FPI to weanling rats has also been shown to impair enriched-environment (EE) induced enhancement of Morris water maze (MWM) learning and memory in adulthood...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914885/blind-percutaneous-liver-biopsy-in-infants-and-children-comparison-of-safety-and-efficacy-of-percussion-technique-and-ultrasound-assisted-technique
#11
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Engy A Mogahed, Yasmeen A Mansy, Yasmeen Al Hawi, Rokaya El-Sayed, Mona El-Raziky, Hanaa El-Karaksy
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Liver biopsy remains the most reliable method to diagnose various hepatic disorders in children. We aimed to assess the technical success and complication rate of ultrasound (US) assisted percutaneous liver biopsy versus transthoracic percussion guided technique in paediatrics. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This randomized controlled study included all cases performing liver biopsy at Paediatric Hepatology Unit, Cairo University Paediatric Hospital over 12months...
December 2016: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912253/sex-and-age-differences-in-epinephrine-mechanisms-and-outcomes-after-brain-injury
#12
William M Armstead, John Riley, Monica S Vavilala
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the leading cause of injury-related death in children, with boys and children <4 years of age having particularly poor outcomes. Cerebral autoregulation is often impaired after TBI, contributing to poor outcome. Cerebral perfusion pressure can be normalized by use of vasoactive agents. The c-Jun-terminal kinase (JNK) isoform of mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) produces hemodynamic impairment after TBI, but less is known about its role in histopathology. We investigated whether epinephrine (EPI), age, and sex dependently protected cerebral autoregulation and limited histopathology after TBI, and sought to determine the role of JNK in that outcome...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27577926/whole-lung-lavage-therapy-for-pulmonary-alveolar-proteinosis-a-global-survey-of-current-practices-and-procedures
#13
Ilaria Campo, Maurizio Luisetti, Matthias Griese, Bruce C Trapnell, Francesco Bonella, Jan Grutters, Koh Nakata, Coline H M Van Moorsel, Ulrich Costabel, Vincent Cottin, Toshio Ichiwata, Yoshikazu Inoue, Antonio Braschi, Giacomo Bonizzoni, Giorgio A Iotti, Carmine Tinelli, Giuseppe Rodi
BACKGROUND: Whole lung lavage (WLL) is the current standard of care treatment for patients affected by pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP). However, WLL is not standardized and international consensus documents are lacking. Our aim was to obtain a factual portrayal of WLL as currently practiced with respect to the procedure, indications for its use, evaluation of therapeutic benefit and complication rate. METHODS: A clinical practice survey was conducted globally by means of a questionnaire and included 27 centers performing WLL in pediatric and/or adult PAP patients...
August 31, 2016: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27427186/regenerative-endodontic-therapy-in-a-single-visit-using-platelet-rich-plasma-and-biodentine-in%C3%A2-necrotic-and-asymptomatic-immature-molar%C3%A2-teeth-a-report-of-3-cases
#14
Gamze Topçuoğlu, Hüseyin Sinan Topçuoğlu
This report describes 3 successful single-visit regenerative endodontic therapy cases using platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and Biodentine (Septodont, Saint Maurdes Fossés, France) for 3 immature mandibular molar teeth, all with necrotic pulp, in 2 children aged 8 years and 1 aged 9 years. Three teeth were separately diagnosed as having a necrotic pulp. After preparation of the access cavity under rubber dam isolation, the necrotic pulp was removed, and each canal was irrigated with 2.5% sodium hypochlorite, sterile saline, and 17% EDTA solutions...
September 2016: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27326265/calcium-enriched-mixture-pulpotomy-of-primary-molar-teeth-with-irreversible-pulpitis-a-clinical-study
#15
Mahtab Memarpour, Soleiman Fijan, Saeed Asgary, Marzieh Keikhaee
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the outcome of vital pulp therapy in primary teeth with irreversible pulpitis by using calcium-enriched mixture (CEM) cement according to clinical and radiographic assessment. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Fifty primary molar teeth with irreversible pulpitis in 50 children aged 6-8 years underwent pulpotomy using CEM cement as the dressing material. Following pulpotomy, pain intensity was evaluated by use of a visual analog scale at 1 and 7 days from the treatment and in clinical appointments at 3, 6 and 12 months after baseline...
2016: Open Dentistry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27303779/acute-viral-bronchiolitis-in-south-africa-diagnostic-flow
#16
D A White, H J Zar, S A Madhi, P Jeena, B Morrow, R Masekela, S Risenga, R Green
Bronchiolitis may be diagnosed on the basis of clinical signs and symptoms. In a young child, the diagnosis can be made on the clinical pattern of wheezing and hyperinflation. Clinical symptoms and signs typically start with an upper respiratory prodrome, including rhinorrhoea, low-grade fever, cough and poor feeding, followed 1 - 2 days later by tachypnoea, hyperinflation and wheeze as a consequence of airway inflammation and air trapping.The illness is generally self limiting, but may become more severe and include signs such as grunting, nasal flaring, subcostal chest wall retractions and hypoxaemia...
April 2016: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27254132/effectiveness-of-airway-clearance-techniques-in-children-hospitalized-with-acute-bronchiolitis
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
F Van Ginderdeuren, Y Vandenplas, M Deneyer, S Vanlaethem, R Buyl, E Kerckhofs
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of two airway clearance techniques (ACT's) in children <24 months hospitalized with mild to moderate bronchiolitis. DESIGN: One hundred and three children were randomly allocated to receive one 20-min session daily, either assisted autogenic drainage (AAD), intrapulmonary percussive ventilation (IPV), or bouncing (B) (control group), ninety-three finished the study. OUTCOME MEASURES: Mean time to recovery in days was our primary outcome measure...
February 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27177013/a-regional-cohort-study-of-the-treatment-of-critically-ill-children-with-bronchiolitis
#18
Christopher L Carroll, Edward Vincent S Faustino, Matthew G Pinto, Kathleen A Sala, Michael F Canarie, Simon Li, John S Giuliano, The Northeast Pediatric Critical Care Research Consortium
OBJECTIVE: To describe the treatment practices in critically ill children with RSV bronchiolitis across four regional PICUs in the northeastern United States, and to determine the factors associated with increased ICU length of stay in this population. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of children who were admitted with RSV bronchiolitis between July 2009 and July 2011 to the PICUs of Connecticut Children's Medical Center, Yale-New Haven Children's Hospital, Maria Fareri Children's Hospital, and Baystate Children's Hospital...
December 2016: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27140003/postural-therapy-for-renal-stones-in-children-a-rolling-stones-procedure
#19
A Faure, E Dicrocco, G Hery, R Boissier, L Bienvenu, S Thirakul, P Maffei, N Panait, G Karsenty, T Merrot, P Alessandrini, J-M Guys, E Lechevallier
INTRODUCTION: Despite many advances, the management of renal stones - especially lower caliceal stones (LCS) - remains a challenge. The gravity-dependent location of the lower calices hinders the spontaneous clearance of fragments, which can be a nidus for future growth and symptomatic recurrence. Currently, there is no standard adjunctive therapy to facilitate fragment passage. OBJECTIVES: To report the safety and effectiveness of mechanical percussion diuresis and inversion (PDI) therapy for eliminating renal stones in children...
August 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27120556/ontogeny-of-tool-use-how-do-toddlers-use-hammers
#20
Dorothy Fragaszy, Kathy Simpson, Sarah Cummins-Sebree, Karen Brakke
Hammering with a hand tool appears early in life. Skillful hammering involves accommodating movements to properties of the hammer, orienting the hammer's head to the item to be struck, and maintaining stable posture during forceful action with the arm(s). We aimed to characterize development of these abilities in young children (12, 18, and 24 months old). Children struck at a peg with a hammer held in the hand or a hammer attached to a handle. Children struck more frequently with a hard hammer surface than a soft one, and more frequently (although less accurately) with handled hammers than with non-handled hammers...
September 2016: Developmental Psychobiology
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