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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244046/humor-a-rehabilitative-tool-in-the-post-intensive-care-of-young-adults-with-acquired-brain-injury
#1
Kate O'Reilly
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to describe how paid carers use humor in providing compassionate post-intensive rehabilitation care to young adults with acquired brain injury (ABI) who are unable to perform or direct their own care. DESIGN: This is a qualitative study underpinned by symbolic interactionism. METHODS: Paid carers in a residential aged care facility were interviewed. Interview data were analyzed using grounded theory methods of coding, comparative analysis, memoing, and theoretical sampling...
July 2017: Rehabilitation Nursing: the Official Journal of the Association of Rehabilitation Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242843/systemic-oxidoreductive-balance-and-vascular-function-in-individuals-without-clinical-manifestation-of-atherosclerosis
#2
Marcin Majer, Daniel Gackowski, Rafał Różalski, Agnieszka Siomek-Górecka, Ryszard Oliński, Jacek Budzyński
Introduction: Endothelial dysfunction is recognized as the earliest disorder in the development of atherosclerosis, in the pathogenesis of which oxidative stress plays a crucial role. The aim of this study was to determine the relationships between non-invasive parameters of vascular dysfunction and oxidative stress. Material and methods: Forty-eight individuals without clinical manifestation of atherosclerosis were studied. The plasma concentrations of the following were determined in all 48 subjects: retinol, ascorbic acid, α-tocopherol and uric acid, as well as the products of oxidative DNA damage repair: 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxodG) in blood leukocytes and urine, and 8-oxo-7,8-dihydroguanine (8-oxoGua) in urine...
2017: Archives of Medical Sciences. Atherosclerotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242242/nhs-will-need-190%C3%A2-000-more-doctors-unless-productivity-improves-workforce-plan-warns
#3
Abi Rimmer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 14, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242182/gmc-cuts-junior-doctors-registration-fees
#4
Abi Rimmer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 14, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241957/evaluation-of-adsorption-selectivity-of-immunoglobulins-m-a-and-g-and-purification-of-immunoglobulin-m-with-mixed-mode-resins
#5
Ying-Di Luo, Qi-Lei Zhang, Shan-Jing Yao, Dong-Qiang Lin
This study investigated adsorption selectivity of immunoglobulin M (IgM), immunoglobulin A (IgA) and immunoglobulin (IgG) on four mixed-mode resins with the functional ligands of 4-mercatoethyl-pyridine (MEP), 2-mercapto-1-methylimidazole (MMI), 5-aminobenzimidazole (ABI) and tryptophan-5-aminobenzimidazole (W-ABI), respectively. IgM purification processes with mixed-mode resins were also proposed. All resins showed typical pH-dependent adsorption, and high adsorption capacity was found at pH 5.0-8.0 with low adsorption capacity under acidic conditions...
December 9, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240791/cross-sectional-interactions-between-quality-of-the-physical-and-social-environment-and-self-reported-physical-activity-in-adults-living-in-income-deprived-communities
#6
Alexia D M Sawyer, Russell Jones, Marcella Ucci, Lee Smith, Ade Kearns, Abi Fisher
BACKGROUND: Understanding the environmental determinants of physical activity in populations at high risk of inactivity could contribute to the development of effective interventions. Socioecological models of activity propose that environmental factors have independent and interactive effects of physical activity but there is a lack of research into interactive effects. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to explore independent and interactive effects of social and physical environmental factors on self-reported physical activity in income-deprived communities...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240302/correlation-between-sinus-and-lung-cultures-in-lung-transplant-patients-with-cystic-fibrosis
#7
Kevin J Choi, Tracy Z Cheng, Adam L Honeybrook, Alice L Gray, Laurie D Snyder, Scott M Palmer, Ralph Abi Hachem, David W Jang
BACKGROUND: Lung transplantation has revolutionized the treatment of end-stage pulmonary disease due to cystic fibrosis. However, infection of the transplanted lungs can lead to serious complications, including graft failure and death. Although many of these patients have concurrent sinusitis, it is unclear whether bacteria from the sinuses can infect the allograft. METHODS: This is a single-institution retrospective study of all patients who underwent lung transplantation for cystic fibrosis from 2005 to 2015 at Duke University Hospital...
December 14, 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239331/ankle-brachial-index-and-brachial-ankle-pulse-wave-velocity-are-risk-factors-for-ischemic-stroke-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#8
Ting Li, Xiu-Juan Wu, Xiao-Min Chen, Si-Bo Wang, Kang-Ding Liu, Ying-Qi Xing
The incidence of ischemic stroke in patients with diabetes is increasing. While brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (BaPWV) and ankle-brachial index (ABI) are known to be associated with ischemic cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, whether these measures predict the risk of ischemic cerebrovascular disease in diabetic patients remains unclear. 117 patients with type 2 diabetes were enrolled in this study. According to the results of head magnetic resonance imaging, the patients were divided into a diabetes-only group (n = 55) and a diabetes and ischemic stroke group (n = 62)...
November 2017: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238721/macrovascular-complications-in-patients-with-diabetes-and-prediabetes
#9
REVIEW
Dou Huang, Marwan Refaat, Kamel Mohammedi, Amin Jayyousi, Jassim Al Suwaidi, Charbel Abi Khalil
Diabetes is a significant health problem worldwide, and its association with cardiovascular disease (CVD) was reported in several studies. Hyperglycemia and insulin resistance seen in diabetes and prediabetes lead to an increase in reactive oxygen species, which triggers intracellular molecular signaling. The resulting prothrombotic state and increase in inflammatory mediators expedite atherosclerotic changes and the development of macrovascular complications. Individuals with diabetes or prediabetes have a higher risk of developing myocardial infarction, stroke, and peripheral artery disease...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238533/genetic-variation-in-tertiary-relics-the-case-of-eastern-mediterranean-abies-pinaceae
#10
Matúš Hrivnák, Ladislav Paule, Diana Krajmerová, Şemsettin Kulaç, Hakan Şevik, İbrahim Turna, Irina Tvauri, Dušan Gömöry
The eastern-Mediterranean Abies taxa, which include both widely distributed species and taxa with minuscule ranges, represent a good model to study the impacts of range size and fragmentation on the levels of genetic diversity and differentiation. To assess the patterns of genetic diversity and phylogenetic relationships among eastern-Mediterranean Abies taxa, genetic variation was assessed by eight nuclear microsatellite loci in 52 populations of Abies taxa with a focus on those distributed in Turkey and the Caucasus...
December 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235513/metabolic-engineering-of-the-pentose-phosphate-pathway-for-enhanced-limonene-production-in-the-cyanobacterium-synechocysti-s-sp-pcc-6803
#11
Po-Cheng Lin, Rajib Saha, Fuzhong Zhang, Himadri B Pakrasi
Isoprenoids are diverse natural compounds, which have various applications as pharmaceuticals, fragrances, and solvents. The low yield of isoprenoids in plants makes them difficult for cost-effective production, and chemical synthesis of complex isoprenoids is impractical. Microbial production of isoprenoids has been considered as a promising approach to increase the yield. In this study, we engineered the model cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 for sustainable production of a commercially valuable isoprenoid, limonene...
December 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235196/influence-of-particle-and-air-abrasion-moment-on-y-tzp-surface-characterization-and-bond-strength
#12
Samira Branco Martins, Filipe de Oliveira Abi-Rached, Gelson Luis Adabo, Paolo Baldissara, Renata Garcia Fonseca
PURPOSE: To evaluate the influence of particle and air-abrasion on the surface characterization and shear bond strength (SBS) of a Y-TZP ceramic with a resin cement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Y-TZP specimens were air-abraded with 50 μm alumina particles; 120 μm alumina particles; 30 μm silica-coated alumina particles (Rocatec Soft); 110 μm silica-coated alumina particles (Rocatec Plus). Air-abrasion was performed before (BS); after (AS); before and after (BAS) zirconia sintering...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234407/jinhong-tablet-reduces-damage-of-intestinal-mucosal-barrier-in-rats-with-acute-biliary-infection-via-bcl-2-bax-mrna-and-protein-regulation
#13
Xiaoqiang Liang, Xiao Ni, YongQi Wang, Jinkun Xie, Xuelin Zhang, Honggang Gu, Jingzhe Zhang
Objective: To explore the effects and mechanism of Jinhong Tablet on intestinal mucosal barrier function and SIRS in rats with acute biliary infection. Methods: 36 SD male rats were divided into three groups: sham operation (control), acute biliary infection (ABI) model, and Jinhong Tablet (Jinhong) group. Jinhong group were force-fed with Jinhong Tablet, while the other two groups received oral saline. At days 3 and 5, morphological changes of intestinal mucosa were assessed...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233809/london-hospital-boss-resigns-over-financial-pressure-as-trust-is-placed-in-special-measures
#14
Abi Rimmer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 12, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233807/gmc-says-that-it-should-regulate-physician-associates
#15
Abi Rimmer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 12, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230568/ankle-brachial-pressure-index-as-a-predictor-of-the-2-year-outcome-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-data-from-the-japanese-ocean-tavi-registry
#16
Masahiro Yamawaki, Motoharu Araki, Tsutomu Ito, Yosuke Honda, Takahiro Tokuda, Yoshiaki Ito, Hiroshi Ueno, Kazuki Mizutani, Minoru Tabata, Akihiro Higashimori, Norio Tada, Kensuke Takagi, Futoshi Yamanaka, Toru Naganuma, Yusuke Watanabe, Masanori Yamamoto, Shinichi Shirai, Kentaro Hayashida
Peripheral artery disease plays a pivotal role for access site selection in transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). Abnormal ankle-brachial index (ABI) is a generalized mortality marker in many cardiovascular scenarios. However, the long-term outcomes in high-risk TAVR populations remain unclear. We investigated the association between low ABI and 2-year outcome after TAVR. Of 1613 patients enrolled in the OCEAN-TAVI registry, 1458 (90.4%) who underwent ABI before TAVR were divided into groups: patients with (1) ABI ≥ 0...
December 11, 2017: Heart and Vessels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230344/cystic-adventitial-disease-of-popliteal-artery-with-venous-aneurysm-of-popliteal-vein-two-year-follow-up-after-surgery
#17
Koki Takizawa, Hiroshi Osawa, Atsuo Kojima, Samuel J K Abraham, Shigeru Hosaka
We report a rare case of cystic adventitial disease of popliteal artery with venous aneurysm of popliteal vein. A 46-year-old woman had sudden-onset intermittent claudication and coldness in her right leg. The right-sided ankle-brachial pressure index (ABI) was 1.01, but peripheral arterial pulsation was decreased at knee venting position. Computed tomography revealed simple cystic lesion of the popliteal artery and stenosis of the arterial lumen in this lesion. The patient was treated by complete resection of the cystic adventitial layer of popliteal artery...
2017: Case Reports in Vascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227572/factors-associated-with-serum-magnesium-and-vascular-stiffness-in-maintenance-hemodialysis-patients
#18
Mai Yorifuji, Takahiro Kuragano, Sayuri Kawada, Wataru Fukao, Kazuhiro Toyoda, Takeshi Nakanishi
INTRODUCTION: We evaluated the associated factors of serum magnesium in patients on maintenance hemodialysis (MHD). Furthermore, we evaluated the relationship between low serum magnesium and arteriosclerosis in these patients. METHODS: In 129 patients on MHD, we evaluated the blood levels of magnesium, brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (ba-PWV), ankle-brachial index (ABI), and intima-media thickness of the common carotid artery (IMT). FINDINGS: In MHD patients, the serum level of magnesium was significantly correlated with age, calcium, TNF-α, albumin, and ba-PWV but not with ABI or IMT...
December 11, 2017: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222994/supportive-environments-for-physical-activity-in-deprived-communities-in-the-united-kingdom-a-qualitative-study-using-photo-elicitation
#19
Alexia Sawyer, Marcella Ucci, Russell Jones, Lee Smith, Abi Fisher
The health benefits of regular physical activity are substantial and well-established. However, population activity levels are insufficient to obtain health benefits in the United Kingdom (UK), and strategies to increase activity, particularly in income-deprived communities, are sought. Socioecological models of physical activity posit that activity levels are influenced by social, physical and wider environmental factors. In line with a growing evidence base, there is a need to understand the factors that contribute to an activity-supportive neighbourhood within deprived settings within the UK...
December 2, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222082/bawa-garba-case-when-something-goes-wrong-in-healthcare-there-is-never-one-person-to-blame
#20
Abi Rimmer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 8, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
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