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Bree Merritt, Abi Collinson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 16, 2018: Veterinary Record
Abi Rimmer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 15, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Abi Rimmer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 14, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Abi Rimmer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 14, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Toshiaki Ohkuma, Toshiharu Ninomiya, Hirofumi Tomiyama, Kazuomi Kario, Satoshi Hoshide, Yoshikuni Kita, Toyoshi Inoguchi, Yasutaka Maeda, Katsuhiko Kohara, Yasuharu Tabara, Motoyuki Nakamura, Takayoshi Ohkubo, Hirotaka Watada, Masanori Munakata, Mitsuru Ohishi, Norihisa Ito, Michinari Nakamura, Tetsuo Shoji, Charalambos Vlachopoulos, Victor Aboyans, Akira Yamashina
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The ankle-brachial index (ABI) is a predictor of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and premature death. However, few studies on this marker are available in the general Asian populations. This study aimed to investigate the association between ABI measured with oscillometry and the risk of these outcomes. METHODS: We conducted an individual participant data meta-analysis in 10,679 community-dwelling Japanese individuals without a history of CVD. The primary outcome was a composite of CVD events and all-cause mortality...
May 31, 2018: Atherosclerosis
Abi Rimmer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 13, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Abi Rimmer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 12, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Irshad M Sulaiman, Ying-Hsin Hsieh, Emily Jacobs, Nancy Miranda, Steven Simpson, Khalil Kerdahi
Background: Lysinibacillus fusiformis is a Gram-positive, rod-shaped bacterium that can cause tropical ulcers, severe sepsis, and respiratory illnesses in humans. Objective: In this study, we analyzed cosmetic samples for the presence of human pathogenic microorganisms. Methods: Five unopened jars of exfoliating cream were examined initially by microbiological methods. Afterward, matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) MS and 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) sequencing techniques were applied to characterize the recovered isolates...
June 12, 2018: Journal of AOAC International
Sara J Grundy, Lhab Tshering, Stanley W Wanjala, Megan B Diamond, Martin S Audi, Sashank Prasad, Russell T Shinohara, Debora Rogo, Dechen Wangmo, Ugyen Wangdi, Abi Aarayang, Thukten Tshering, Thomas F Burke, Farrah J Mateen
The retina shares embryological derivation with the brain and may provide a new measurement of overall growth status, especially useful in resource-limited settings. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) provides detailed quantification of retinal structures. We enrolled community-dwelling children ages 3-11 years old in Siaya, Kenya and Thimphu, Bhutan in 2016. We measured head circumference (age < 5 years only), height, and weight, and standardized these by age and gender. Research staff performed OCT ( iScan ; Optovue, Inc...
June 11, 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Johannes Enevoldsen, Simon T Vistisen, Klaus Krogh, Jørgen F Nielsen, Karoline Knudsen, Per Borghammer, Henning Andersen
Background: Constipation is suspected to occur frequently after acquired brain injury (ABI). In patients with ABI, heart rate variability (HRV) is reduced suggesting autonomic dysfunction. Autonomic dysfunction may be associated with prolonged gastrointestinal transit time (GITT). The primary aim of this study was to investigate if GITT is prolonged in patients with ABI. Secondarily, HRV and its correlation with GITT was investigated. Methods: We included 25 patients with ABI (18 men, median age: 61...
2018: PeerJ
Justin C Chia, Marie S Abi Daoud, Tyler S Williamson, Habib A Kurwa
BACKGROUND: Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS) is a surgical modality that achieves high cure rates of nonmelanoma skin cancers but is dependent on accurate histologic examination of surgical margins. Therefore, quality assurance is essential to ongoing assessment of histological margins. OBJECTIVES: To prospectively determine the concordance rate between a Mohs surgeon (MS) and dermatopathologist (DP) with respect to tumour status (ie, present or absent) and tumour type...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
Lee Smith, Alexia Sawyer, Benjamin Gardner, Katri Seppala, Marcella Ucci, Alexi Marmot, Pippa Lally, Abi Fisher
Habitual behaviours are learned responses that are triggered automatically by associated environmental cues. The unvarying nature of most workplace settings makes workplace physical activity a prime candidate for a habitual behaviour, yet the role of habit strength in occupational physical activity has not been investigated. Aims of the present study were to: (i) document occupational physical activity habit strength; and (ii) investigate associations between occupational activity habit strength and occupational physical activity levels...
June 9, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
B A Sarvin, A P Seregin, O A Shpigun, I A Rodin, A N Stavrianidi
The ultrasound-assisted extraction method for isolation of 17 sugars and sugar alcohols from conifers with a subsequent hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method for their determination is proposed. The optimization of extraction parameters was carried out using Taguchi - L9 (34 ) orthogonal array experimental design for the following parameters-a methanol concentration in the extraction solution, an extraction time, a type of plant sample and an extraction temperature. The optimal ultrasound-assisted extraction conditions were-MeOH concentration - 30% (water - 70%), extraction time - 30 min, type of plant sample - II (grinded leaves 2-4 mm long), extraction temperature - 60 °C...
June 2, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Nadine Brinkmann, Stefan Seeger, Markus Weiler, Nina Buchmann, Werner Eugster, Ansgar Kahmen
We assessed how the seasonal variability of precipitation δ2 H and δ18 O is propagated into soil and xylem waters of temperate trees, applied a hydrological model to estimate the residence time distribution of precipitation in the soil, and identified the temporal origin of water taken up by Picea abies and Fagus sylvatica over 4 yr. Residence times of precipitation in the soil varied between a few days and several months and increased with soil depth. On average, 50% of water consumed by trees throughout a year had precipitated during the growing season, while 40% had precipitated in the preceding winter or even earlier...
June 11, 2018: New Phytologist
Patrick Björkman, Tommi Auvinen, Harri Hakovirta, Pekka Romsi, Johanna Turtiainen, Hannu Manninen, Maarit Venermo, Kimmo Lappalainen, Anders Albäck, Antti Korpela, Kimmo Mäkinen, Petri Saari, Jukka Perälä
INTRODUCTION: Claudication and critical limb threatening ischemia (CLTI) are significant causes of mortality in the elderly. The gold standard of superficial femoral artery (SFA) revascularization is thus far considered to be the femoropopliteal bypass. The aim of this study was to compare mid-term patency between drug-eluting stents (DES) and prosthetic bypass grafts (BSX). Studies have reported comparable results for both methods. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 46 patients with claudication or rest pain due to a 5-25 cm SFA-occlusion were randomized between DES and BSX...
June 7, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Thomas F X O'Donnell, Sarah E Deery, Marc L Schermerhorn, Jeffrey J Siracuse, Daniel J Bertges, Alik Farber, Robert T Lancaster, Virendra I Patel
OBJECTIVE: Ankle-brachial index (ABI) is a common method of graft surveillance after infrainguinal bypass surgery (LEB), and is recommended by the Society for Vascular Surgery (SVS). Several studies failed to show benefit of ABI surveillance, but were limited by sample size, and the practice remains variable. METHODS: We identified all patients who underwent LEB for occlusive disease from the Vascular Study Group of New England Registry (VSGNE) between 2003-2016...
June 6, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Abi Rimmer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 8, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Glenn Kelly, Suzanne Brown, Grahame K Simpson
People with acquired brain injury (ABI) are overrepresented in prison populations across many countries. An effective service response to reduce this trend requires collaboration between the ABI and criminal justice (CJ) sectors. The Building Bridges project piloted a novel professional development model designed to increase cross-sectoral knowledge and collaboration between the ABI and CJ sectors. A total of 178 service providers from Victoria, Australia, participated in six professional development forums that included content about ABI, policing, disability and legal supports, and correctional/post-release services...
June 8, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Antoaneta Gateva, Yavor Assyov, Tsvetan Gatev, Zdravko Kamenov
AIM: The aim of the present study was to investigate the prevalence of macrovascular complications across different carbohydrate disturbances. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In the study, we included 167 patients, divided them into three age and BMI matched groups - group 1 with obesity without carbohydrate disturbances (n = 66), group 2 with prediabetes (n = 68) and group 3 with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes (n = 33). Endothelial function was evaluated using EndoPAT, intima media thickness (IMT) was measured on the common carotid artery and ankle-brachial index (ABI) was calculated...
June 8, 2018: Archives of Physiology and Biochemistry
Harish Kumar Tiwari, Abi Tamim Vanak, Mark O'Dea, Jully Gogoi-Tiwari, Ian Duncan Robertson
The presence of unvaccinated free-roaming dogs (FRD) amidst human settlements is a major contributor to the high incidence of rabies in countries such as India, where the disease is endemic. Estimating FRD population size is crucial to the planning and evaluation of interventions, such as mass immunisation against rabies. Enumeration techniques for FRD are resource intensive and can vary from simple direct counts to statistically complex capture-recapture techniques primarily developed for ecological studies...
2018: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
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