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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652715/association-of-arteriosclerosis-and-or-atherosclerosis-with-hypertensive-target-organ-damage-in-the-community-dwelling-elderly-chinese-the-northern-shanghai-study
#1
Ximin Fan, Mengyun Zhu, Chen Chi, Shikai Yu, Jing Xiong, Yuyan Lu, Bin Bai, Yawei Xu, Yi Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Vascular abnormality includes two forms, arteriosclerosis (ARS) and atherosclerosis (ATS), which coexist in patients with cardiovascular (CV) diseases. However, whether their combination may lead to a worsening status in those patients remains unclear. We therefore aimed to investigate the association of ARS and/or ATS with hypertensive target organ damage (TOD). METHODS: From June 2014 to August 2015, a total of 1,599 community-dwelling elderly subjects (aged >65 years) from northern Shanghai were recruited...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652392/bma-annual-meeting-gmc-must-recognise-that-a-lack-of-resources-puts-doctors-at-risk-of-mistakes-says-the-bma
#2
Abi Rimmer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 26, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652384/bma-annual-meeting-uk-government-must-act-to-avert-future-medical-workforce-crises-says-bma
#3
Abi Rimmer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 26, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651354/cambial-response-of-norway-spruce-to-modified-carbon-availability-by-phloem-girdling
#4
Andrea Winkler, Walter Oberhuber
We tested the hypothesis that increase in carbon (C) availability in Norway spruce saplings (Picea abies (L.) Karst.) intensifies cambial cell division and increases cell lumen diameter (CLD) and cell wall thickness (CWT) when water availability is adequate. To accomplish this, we experimentally subjected 6-year-old P. abies saplings (n = 80 trees) to two levels of soil humidity (watered versus drought conditions) and manipulated tree C status by physically blocking phloem transport at three girdling dates (GDs)...
June 23, 2017: Tree Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651188/hyperhomocysteinaemia-is-an-independent-risk-factor-for-peripheral-arterial-disease-in-a-chinese-han-population
#5
Dan Rong, Jie Liu, Xin Jia, Daniah Al-Nafisee, Senhao Jia, Guoyi Sun, Yue Li, Weihang Lu, Haifeng Li, Hongpeng Zhang, Xiaohui Ma, Jiang Xiong, Xiaoping Liu, Raouf A Khalil, Wei Guo
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Hyperhomocysteineamia (HHcy) has long been suggested as a risk factor for atherosclerosis. However, the association between HHcy and peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is still controversial. There is a lack of research on this topic in the Chinese population. This study aims to provide further results. METHODS: 240 PAD patients and 240 control subjects were evaluated for both serum total homocysteine levels and ankle brachial indexes (ABIs)...
May 5, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650896/development-and-validation-of-a-quantitative-measure-of-adaptive-behaviors-in-women-with-pelvic-floor-disorders
#6
John T Wei, Rodney Dunn, Ingrid Nygaard, Kathryn Burgio, Emily S Lukacz, Alayne Markland, Patricia A Wren, Linda Brubaker, Matthew D Barber, J Eric Jelovsek, Cathie Spino, Susie Meikle, Nancy Janz
PURPOSE: To establish validity for the Pelvic Floor Disorders Network (PFDN) self-administered Adaptive Behavior Index (ABI) and to assess whether ABI assesses known discordance between severity of pelvic floor symptoms and self-reported bother. METHODS: In addition to the ABI questionnaire, participants in 1 of 6 Pelvic Floor Disorders Network trials completed condition-specific measures of pretreatment symptom severity (including Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory; PFDI) and health-related quality of life (Pelvic Floor Impact Questionnaire; PFIQ)...
July 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647194/prediction-of-6-minute-walk-performance-in-patients-with-peripheral-artery-disease
#7
Xi Chen, Julie A Stoner, Polly S Montgomery, Ana I Casanegra, Federico Silva-Palacios, Sixia Chen, Amanda E Janitz, Andrew W Gardner
BACKGROUND: Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is a highly prevalent disease that impairs walking ability. Walking tests, such as the 6-minute walk test (6MWT) and 4-meter walk test, are commonly used to assess exercise endurance and ambulatory function over a short distance, respectively. The 6MWT performance is predictive of PAD severity and disease outcomes, but it is not feasible in many clinical settings because it requires a long walkway to serve as the test route and lengthens clinic visits...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646398/the-timing-of-bud-break-in-warming-conditions-variation-among-seven-sympatric-conifer-species-from-eastern-canada
#8
Sergio Rossi, Nathalie Isabel
Phenological changes are expected with the ongoing global warming, which could create mismatches in the growth patterns among sympatric species or create synchrony with insect herbivores. In this study, we performed a comparative assessment of the timings of bud break among seven conifer species of Eastern Canada by evaluating seedling development in growth chambers under different temperatures (16, 20 and 24 °C). Bud break occurred earliest in Larix laricina, while Pinus strobus and Pinus resinosa had the latest...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644576/size-dependency-of-tree-growth-response-to-drought-among-norway-spruce-and-european-beech-individuals-in-monospecific-and-mixed-species-stands
#9
Haiyu Ding, Hans Pretzsch, Gerhard Schütze, Thomas Rötzer
Climatic anomalies have resulted in changing forest productivity, increasing tree mortality in Central and Southern Europe. This has resulted in more severe and frequent ecological disturbances to the forest stands. This study analysed the size dependency of growth response to drought years based on 384 tree individuals of Norway spruce (Picea abies [L.] Karst.) and European beech (Fagus sylvatica [L.]) in Bavaria, Germany. Samples were collected in both monospecific and mixed-species stands. To quantify the growth response of drought stress, indices including basal area increment, resistance, recovery, and resilience were calculated from tree ring measurements of increment cores...
June 23, 2017: Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642496/nitrogen-enrichment-impacts-on-boreal-litter-decomposition-are-driven-by-changes-in-soil-microbiota-rather-than-litter-quality
#10
Nadia I Maaroufi, Annika Nordin, Kristin Palmqvist, Michael J Gundale
In nitrogen (N) limited boreal forests, N enrichment can impact litter decomposition by affecting litter quality and by changing the soil environment where litter decomposes. We investigated the importance of litter quality and soil factors on litter decomposition using a 2-year reciprocal transplant experiment for Picea abies needle litter, derived from plots subjected to 17 years of N addition, including control, low and high N treatments (ambient, 12.5 and 50 kg N ha(-1) yr(-1), respectively). Our data show that changes in soil factors were the main pathway through which N impacted litter decomposition, with rates reduced by ~15% when placed in high N relative to control plots, regardless of litter origin...
June 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640093/correlations-of-single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-of-cryaa-and-cryab-genes-with-the-risk-and-clinicopathological-features-of-children-suffering-from-congenital-cataract
#11
Xian-Jin Cui, Feng-Yan Lv, Feng-Hua Li, Kun Zeng
BACKGROUND: The study aims to explore the correlations of the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of CRYAA and CRYAB with the risk and clinicopathological features of children with congenital cataract. METHODS: The study enrolled 168 children diagnosed as congenital cataract (case group) and 172 normal children (control group) from May 2015 to May 2016. Genomic DNA extraction was performed using a QIAamp DNA blood mini kit. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) products were genotyped using an ABI direct sequencer...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637645/doctors-can-act-as-advocates-on-health-effects-of-poverty-says-bma
#12
Abi Rimmer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 20, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634109/cannabis-associated-psychosis-neural-substrate-and-clinical-impact
#13
REVIEW
R M Murray, A Englund, A Abi-Dargham, D Lewis, M Di Forti, C Davies, M Sherif, P McGuire, C D'Souza
Prospective epidemiological studies have consistently demonstrated that cannabis use is associated with an increased subsequent risk of both psychotic symptoms and schizophrenia-like psychoses. Early onset of use, daily use of high-potency cannabis, and synthetic cannabinoids carry the greatest risk. The risk-increasing effects are not explained by shared genetic predisposition between schizophrenia and cannabis use. Experimental studies in healthy humans show that cannabis and its active ingredient, delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), can produce transient, dose-dependent, psychotic symptoms, as well as an array of psychosis-relevant behavioral, cognitive and psychophysiological effects; the psychotogenic effects can be ameliorated by cannabidiol (CBD)...
June 17, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631942/a-systematic-review-of-factors-affecting-driving-and-public-transportation-among-youth-and-young-adults-with-acquired-brain-injury
#14
Sally Lindsay, Andrei Stoica
PURPOSE: Although many people with an acquired brain injury (ABI) encounter difficulties with executive functioning and memory which could negatively affect driving, few people are assessed for fitness to drive after injury. The purpose of this systematic review was to synthesize the literature on factors affecting driving and public transportation among youth and young adults with ABI, post injury. METHOD: Seven databases were systematically searched for articles from 1980 to 2016...
June 20, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631161/the-role-of-eabr-with-intracochlear-test-electrode-in-decision-making-between-cochlear-and-brainstem-implants-preliminary-results
#15
Betul Cicek Cinar, Mehmet Yarali, Gamze Atay, Munir Demir Bajin, Gonca Sennaroglu, Levent Sennaroglu
The objective of the study was to discuss the findings of intraoperative electrically evoked auditory brainstem response (eABR) test results with a recently designed intracochlear test electrode (ITE) in terms of their relation to decisions of cochlear or auditory brainstem implantation. This clinical study was conducted in Hacettepe University, Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery and Department of Audiology. Subjects were selected from inner ear malformation (IEM) database. Eleven subjects with profound sensorineural hearing loss were included in the current study with age range from 1 year 3 months to 4 years 3 months for children with prelingual hearing loss...
June 19, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630046/northern-ireland-s-gps-miss-out-on-%C3%A2-1m-of-qof-funding
#16
Abi Rimmer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 19, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630038/nhs-pay-cap-is-barrier-to-recruitment-and-retention-unions-warn
#17
Abi Rimmer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 19, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627836/dna-based-identification-of-a-carbonized-victim-by-kinship-analysis
#18
Raluca Dumache, Alexandru F Rogobete, Veronica Ciocan, Camelia O Muresan, Alexandra Enache
BACKGROUND: Our study will present the DNA identification of a carbonized victim using the DNA genotyping and by comparing the victim's DNA genotype with his parents' genotypes. METHODS: Blood obtained from the heart chambers was used for the identification of the carbonized body's genotype. Biological samples were also obtained by buccal swabs from his biological parents. We used an ABI 7500 real-time PCR system for quantification and a ProFlex PCR System to amplify...
May 1, 2017: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627217/using-plantar-electrical-stimulation-to-improve-postural-balance-and-plantar-sensation-among-patients-with-diabetic-peripheral-neuropathy
#19
Bijan Najafi, Talal K Talal, Gurtej Singh Grewal, Robert Menzies, David G Armstrong, Lawrence A Lavery
OBJECTIVE: People with diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) often exhibit deteriorations in motor-performance mainly due to lack of plantar-sensation. The study explored effectiveness of plantar electrical-stimulation therapy to enhance motor-performance among people with DPN. DESIGN AND METHODS: Using a double-blinded model, 28 volunteers with DPN (age: 57.8 ± 10.2 years) were recruited and randomized to either intervention (IG: n = 17) or control (CG: n = 11) group...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625961/effect-of-atorvastatin-on-lower-extremity-function-of-patients-with-hypertension-and-peripheral-arterial-disease
#20
Kewei Zhang, Shuiting Zhai, Kun Li, Zhidong Zhang, Kun Li, Tianxiao Li
This paper aims to discuss the short-term effect of Atorvastatin on lower-extremity function of patients with hypertension and peripheral arterial disease (PAD). 40 patients with hypertension and ankle-brachial index (ABI) less than 0.9 were divided into the control group (20 cases) and Atorvastatin group (20 cases) and treated for 6 months. The variation between the 6-min walk and the gait speed of 4-m-walk before and after the treatment were respectively observed. With regard to the two groups, differences of the drop-out values before and after the treatment were adjusted in accordance with gender, ages, body mass index (BMI), difference values of systolic pressure, ABI, difference values of total cholesterol (TC), difference values of low density lipoprotein, triacylglycerol, smoking and drug-taking situation...
January 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
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