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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337049/use-of-3d-printed-bone-plate-in-novel-technique-to-surgically-correct-hallux-valgus-deformities
#1
Kathryn E Smith, Kenneth M Dupont, David L Safranski, Jeremy Blair, Dawn Buratti, Vladimir Zeetser, Ryan Callahan, Jason Lin, Ken Gall
Three-dimensional (3-D) printing offers many potential advantages in designing and manufacturing plating systems for foot and ankle procedures that involve small, geometrically complex bony anatomy. Here, we describe the design and clinical use of a Ti-6Al-4V ELI bone plate (FastForward™ Bone Tether Plate, MedShape, Inc., Atlanta, GA) manufactured through 3-D printing processes. The plate protects the second metatarsal when tethering suture tape between the first and second metatarsals and is a part of a new procedure that corrects hallux valgus (bunion) deformities without relying on doing an osteotomy or fusion procedure...
September 2016: Techniques in Orthopaedics: TIO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251259/-hallux-valgus-etiology-diagnosis-and-therapeutic-principles
#2
B Zirngibl, J Grifka, C Baier, J Götz
Hallux valgus-the most common forefoot deformity-can cause both pain and decreased mobility. The development and progress of the hallux valgus is a multifactorial process. Different intrinsic and extrinsic causes are responsible. Various conservative and operative treatment options exist and have to been chosen regarding the stage of the disease. Conservative orthopedic measures may prevent a deterioration of hallux valgus only at an early stage of the disease. Concerning operative techniques, more than 150 different surgical procedures are described in the literature, which can be reduced to some common procedures...
March 1, 2017: Der Orthopäde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124292/injuries-to-the-great-toe
#3
REVIEW
Philip J York, Frank B Wydra, Kenneth J Hunt
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Injuries to the great toe are common in athletes. While most are managed nonoperatively and allow return to sports activity, some great toe injuries are highly problematic and can impact function. The purpose of this review is to highlight several specific injuries and disease processes involving the hallux and to detail current recommendations and management options in order to help raise suspicion for injuries that can result in long-term dysfunction. RECENT FINDINGS: Toe injuries have been found to represent nearly 10% of injuries presenting to fracture clinics...
March 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903926/bunionette
#4
Paolo Ceccarini, Giuseppe Rinonapoli, Andrea Nardi, Michele Bisaccia, Lorenzo Maria Di Giacomo, Auro Caraffa
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to review the most recent literature available on the treatment of bunionette (also named tailor's bunion) with percutaneous and minimally invasive techniques. Focusing especially on clinical outcomes, studies related to this type of techniques were examined in order to evaluate the success of this practice that is, fusion rate and complications. The hypothesis is that these techniques are safe and successful procedures. METHODS: In July 2015, a topical review of the PubMed/MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Google Scholar databases was conducted using the keywords percutaneous (OR mini-invasive OR minimally invasive) AND bunionette (OR tailor's bunion) AND treatment (OR surgery)...
April 2017: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773221/3d-ultrasound-estimation-of-the-effective-volume-for-popliteal-block-at-the-level-of-division
#5
X Sala-Blanch, J Franco, R Bergé, R Marín, A M López, M Agustí
Local anaesthetic injection between the tibial and commmon peroneal nerves within connective tissue sheath results in a predictable diffusion and allows for a reduction in the volume needed to achieve a consistent sciatic popliteal block. Using 3D ultrasound volumetric acquisition, we quantified the visible volume in contact with the nerve along a 5cm segment. METHODS: We included 20 consecutive patients scheduled for bunion surgery. Ultrasound guided popliteal block was performed using a posterior, out of plane approach at the level of división of the sciatic nerve...
October 20, 2016: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621266/relationship-of-radiographic-and-clinical-parameters-with-hallux-valgus-and-second-ray-pathology
#6
Caitlin K Gribbin, Scott J Ellis, Joseph Nguyen, Emilie Williamson, Elizabeth A Cody
BACKGROUND: Hallux valgus is frequently associated with additional forefoot pathologies, including hammertoes and midfoot osteoarthritis (OA). However, the pathogenesis of these concurrent pathologies remains to be elucidated. We sought to determine whether there is a relationship between demographic and radiographic parameters and the incidence of secondary pathologies in the setting of a bunion, with an emphasis on second tarsometatarsal (TMT) OA and hammertoes. METHODS: A total of 153 patients (172 feet) who underwent reconstruction for hallux valgus were divided into 3 groups: (1) bunion only (61 patients), (2) bunion with hammertoe without second TMT joint OA (78 patients), and (3) bunion with second TMT joint OA (14 patients)...
January 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27600486/modified-percutaneous-hallux-abductovalgus-correction
#7
Alireza Khosroabadi, Bradley M Lamm
Percutaneous surgical techniques and minimally invasive procedures in foot and ankle surgery are gaining interest for both patients and surgeons. Percutaneous surgery is defined by a soft tissue or osseous procedure performed through the smallest possible incision without direct visualization of the underlying target structures. Percutaneous surgery has many potential advantages, including quicker operative times, multiplanar osteotomy correction, smaller incisions, decreased scarring, lower complication rates, and faster recovery times...
November 2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27405308/radiographic-evaluation-of-intermetatarsal-angle-correction-following-first-mtp-joint-arthrodesis-for-severe-hallux-valgus
#8
R Matthew McKean, Patrick F Bergin, Geoffrey Watson, Siddhant K Mehta, Thom A Tarquinio
BACKGROUND: Arthrodesis is a standard operative treatment for symptomatic arthritis of the first metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint. Patients with degenerative joint disease (DJD), severe hallux valgus, and metatarsus primus varus may also require fusion of the first MTP joint. An important question in the latter group of patients is whether a proximal first metatarsal osteotomy is required, in addition to the first MTP joint fusion. Our hypothesis was that patients with severe hallux valgus and metatarsus primus varus, treated with first MTP joint arthrodesis alone, would have correction of the first-to-second intermetatarsal angle (1-2 IMA) and hallux valgus angle (HVA) to near population norms, without the addition of a proximal first metatarsal osteotomy...
November 2016: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27363573/bunion-strengthening-foot-muscles-to-reduce-pain-and-improve-mobility
#9
(no author information available yet)
Foot pain discourages physical activity, and less activity harms overall health. Bunion, extra bone and tissue at the base of the big toe, is a frequent cause of foot pain. More than 64 million Americans have bunions that can lead to painful walking. Bunions affect some 35% of women over the age of 65. Bunions can be removed by surgery, which can reduce pain and improve your ability to walk and exercise, but up to 15% of bunions return. Weak muscles may play a role in bunion-related pain and movement problems...
July 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27261802/controversies-and-trends-in-united-kingdom-bunion-surgery
#10
REVIEW
William D Harrison, Christopher R Walker
Current practice and controversies in UK bunion surgery are discussed. Patients tend to be offered a distally based metatarsal osteotomy, such as a chevron or scarf osteotomy, for mild to moderate symptomatic bunions. Greater deformities are managed with a more extreme scarf, supplemented with a proximal phalangeal osteotomy. A proximal fusion in the form of the Lapidus-type procedure is still reserved for the most severe, hypermobile, or arthritic cases. Minimally invasive techniques for bunions have failed to disseminate into common UK practice...
June 2016: Foot and Ankle Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27141782/-clinical-effect-of-arthroscopy-assisted-minimally-invasive-management-of-bunion
#11
Hong-liang Li, Shu-yuan Li, Wei Qi, Chun-bao Li, Feng Qu, Guo Qi, Gang Zhao, Yu-jie Liu, Juan-li Zhu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of arthroscopy-assisted minimally invasive management of bunion and hallux valgus deformities. METHODS: Total 50 patients (53 feet) with bunion and hallux valgus deformities were treated under arthroscopy from July 2008 to July 2011, with an average age of 42.3 years old (ranging from 30 to 65 years old) involving 19 left feet, 28 right feet and 3 both feet. The American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) hallux metatarsophalangeal-interphalangeal(MP-IP) Scale Score was used to evaluate the therapeutic effect...
February 2016: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27086178/the-mau-reverdin-osteotomy-a-short-term-retrospective-analysis
#12
Nicolas Arcuri, Tzvi Bar-David, Simcha Pollack
We reviewed 33 consecutive Mau-Reverdin osteotomies in 23 patients performed for correction of hallux abducto valgus from November 2010 to May 2013. All patients were followed up and evaluated for a mean of 401 days and median of 360 days after surgery. In each foot, the preoperative first intermetatarsal angle, hallux abductus angle, and proximal articular set angle were obtained. The mean correction of these angles was as follows: intermetatarsal angle 10.5° ± 3.31°, hallux abductus angle 24.4° ± 8...
July 2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27030449/adult-onset-primary-focal-dystonia-of-the-foot-an-orthopaedic-intervention
#13
Loretta Logan, Barbara Resseque, Monica Sakshi Dontamsetti
A 54-year-old woman presented to a foot centre with a chief symptom of cramping in her toes, which, she believed, was of a secondary cause originating from a bunion. She was treated conservatively; however, she returned a month later as the symptoms had progressed to painful cramping of toes, toe-curling and instability while walking, due to involuntary movement of her toes. It was believed that the patient presented with a rare case of primary adult onset focal foot dystonia. This case report explains dystonia further in detail and delves into the different treatment and management options available today, including the unique orthopaedic intervention provided for this patient...
March 30, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26972755/comparison-of-chevron-and-distal-oblique-osteotomy-for-bunion-correction
#14
Brandon M Scharer, J George DeVries
The chevron osteotomy is a standard procedure by which bunions are corrected. One of us routinely performs a distal oblique osteotomy, which, to the best of our knowledge, has not been described for the correction of bunion deformities. The purpose of the present study was to compare the short- and medium-term results of the distal oblique and chevron osteotomies for bunion correction. We performed a retrospective clinical and radiographic comparison of patients who had undergone a distal oblique or chevron osteotomy for the correction of bunion deformity...
July 2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26970909/sustainability-of-forefoot-reconstruction-for-the-rheumatoid-foot
#15
Kathie J Whitt, Sarah A Rincker, Christopher F Hyer
Ninety percent of patients with rheumatoid arthritis will display foot and ankle pathologic features, including hallux valgus, lesser metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint subluxation/dislocation, and hammertoe deformity. Recently, a trend has ensued toward joint preservation with distal metatarsal osteotomies and various bunion corrective procedures. However, the reference standard remains first MTP joint fusion, lesser metatarsal head resection, and lesser proximal interphalangeal joint fusion. The present retrospective study followed the results of 4 different surgeons who had performed the reference standard rheumatoid forefoot reconstruction from August 2008 to August 2012 on patients with rheumatoid arthritis...
May 2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26622935/a-pictorial-review-of-reconstructive-foot-and-ankle-surgery-hallux-abductovalgus
#16
Andrew J Meyr, Salil Singh, Oliver Chen, Sayed Ali
This pictorial review focuses on basic procedures performed within the field of podiatric surgery, specifically for the hallux abductovalgus or "bunion" deformity. Our goal is to define objective radiographic parameters that surgeons utilize to initially define deformity, lead to procedure selection and judge post-operative outcomes. We hope that radiologists will employ this information to improve their assessment of post-operative radiographs following reconstructive foot surgeries. First, relevant radiographic measurements are defined and their role in procedure selection explained...
June 2015: Journal of Radiology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26589080/evaluation-and-surgical-management-of-the-overcorrected-clubfoot-deformity-in-the-adult-patient
#17
REVIEW
Dawid Burger, Amiethab Aiyer, Mark S Myerson
Adult patients presenting with an overcorrected clubfoot often have had a posteromedial release. They present later in life and have compensated quite well despite the development of deformity. Minor trauma may lead to the onset of acute symptoms. A spectrum of deformity exists. Key features include a dorsally subluxated navicular, a dorsal bunion from overpull of the tibialis anterior tendon, valgus of the ankle or hindfoot or both, and a flattop talus. This article details the diagnostic approach to the overcorrected clubfoot patient and options for management of the various components of the deformity...
December 2015: Foot and Ankle Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26481263/quantitative-analysis-of-the-degree-of-frontal-rotation-required-to-anatomically-align-the-first-metatarsal-phalangeal-joint-during-modified-tarsal-metatarsal-arthrodesis-without-capsular-balancing
#18
Paul Dayton, Merrell Kauwe, Lawrence DiDomenico, Mindi Feilmeier, Rachel Reimer
The data from 35 consecutive patients with hallux valgus undergoing triplane arthrodesis at the first tarsal metatarsal joint were studied to determine the amount of first metatarsal frontal plane rotation (supination) needed to anatomically align the first metatarsal phalangeal joint on an anterior posterior radiograph without soft tissue balancing at the first metatarsal phalangeal joint. Radiographs were measured both pre- and postoperatively to assess the 1-2 intermetatarsal angle, hallux abductus angle, and tibial sesamoid position (TSP)...
March 2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26474978/geometric-analysis-of-indications-for-minimally-invasive-distal-metatarsal-osteotomy-in-treatment-of-hallux-valgus
#19
Blaž Mavčič
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive distal metatarsal osteotomy (MIDMO) is to be indicated for all patients with angles of IMA <20° and HV <40°, but many authors doubt whether this procedure is capable of correcting all types of hallux valgus deformities. The aims of this study were to perform a geometric analysis of MIDMO indications and to show which preoperative radiological parameters are necessary to achieve sufficient contact between bone fragments and sufficient correction with this operative technique...
October 17, 2015: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26359620/radiographic-relevance-of-the-distal-medial-cuneiform-angle-in-hallux-valgus-assessment
#20
Daniel J Hatch, Abigail Smith, Troy Fowler
The angle formed by the distal articular facet of the medial cuneiform has been evaluated and discussed by various investigators. However, no consistent method has been available to radiograph and measure this entity. The wide variability of the angle is not conducive to comparative analysis. Additionally, investigators have noted that the angles observed (obliquity) vary greatly because of changes in radiographic angle, foot position, rotation of the first ray, and declination of the first metatarsal. Recognizing that these variables exist, we propose a reproducible assessment using digital radiography and application of deformity of correction principles...
January 2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
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