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Mentalization based therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30332895/improving-psychological-outcomes-for-orphans-living-with-hiv-in-tanzania-through-a-novel-intervention-to-improve-resilience-findings-from-a-pilot-rct
#1
Richard Harding, Gao Wei, Liz Gwyther, Elvis Miti
Parental death and HIV are associated with poor mental health for orphans in sub-Saharan Africa. This study aimed to evaluate a theory-based intervention for orphaned children on treatment in Tanzania, in terms of feasibility, acceptability and preliminary outcomes. A pilot RCT with nested focus group (FGD) allocated 48 children to usual care or residential "Memory Work Therapy". Children completed outcome measures at T0 (baseline), T1 (2 weeks following intervention) and T2 (9 weeks from T0). Forty percent of eligible children assented...
October 17, 2018: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30329042/integrated-co-located-telemedicine-based-treatment-approaches-for-hepatitis-c-virus-hcv-management-in-opioid-use-disorder-patients-on-methadone
#2
Andrew H Talal, Phyllis Andrews, Anthony Mcleod, Yang Chen, Clewert Sylvester, Marianthi Markatou, Lawrence S Brown
Background and aims: Despite high hepatitis C virus (HCV) prevalence, opioid use disorder (OUD) patients on methadone rarely engage in HCV treatment. We investigated the effectiveness of HCV management via telemedicine in an opioid substitution therapy (OST) program. Methods: OUD patients on methadone underwent biweekly telemedicine sessions between a hepatologist and physician assistant during the entire HCV treatment course. All pretreatment labs (HCV RNA, genotype and noninvasive fibrosis assessments) were obtained onsite and direct acting antivirals were co-administered with methadone using modified directly observed therapy...
October 17, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30327397/scoping-review-of-systematic-reviews-of-complementary-medicine-for-musculoskeletal-and-mental-health-conditions
#3
Ava Lorenc, Gene Feder, Hugh MacPherson, Paul Little, Stewart W Mercer, Deborah Sharp
OBJECTIVE: To identify potentially effective complementary approaches for musculoskeletal (MSK)-mental health (MH) comorbidity, by synthesising evidence on effectiveness, cost-effectiveness and safety from systematic reviews (SRs). DESIGN: Scoping review of SRs. METHODS: We searched literature databases, registries and reference lists, and contacted key authors and professional organisations to identify SRs of randomised controlled trials for complementary medicine for MSK or MH...
October 15, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30325452/transgender-dependent-adolescents-in-the-u-s-military-health-care-system-demographics-treatments-sought-and-health-care-service-utilization
#4
Nela Van Donge, Natasha A Schvey, Timothy A Roberts, David A Klein
Introduction: Transgender and gender-diverse (TGD) youth are at greater risk for mental health and medical conditions than their cisgender peers; however, poor health outcomes and identity-based discrimination can be minimized in the context of optimal support. Approximately 1.7 million youth may be eligible for care covered by the Military Health System, which includes mental health and gender-affirming medications. The purpose of the current study is to identify sociodemographic characteristics, the psychosocial and behavioral risk profile, and health care utilization patterns of TGD dependent youth cared for in the U...
October 16, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30323635/does-knowledge-of-patient-non-compliance-change-prescribing-behavior-in-the-real-world-a-claims-based-analysis-of-patients-with-serious-mental-illness
#5
Jason Shafrin, Katalin Bognar, Katie Everson, Michelle Brauer, Darius N Lakdawalla, Felicia M Forma
Background: New digital technologies offer providers the promise of more accurately tracking patients' medication adherence. It is unclear, however, whether access to such information will affect provider treatment decisions in the real world. Methods: Using prescriber-reported information on patient non-compliance from health insurance claims data between 2008 and 2014, we examined whether prescribers' knowledge of non-compliance was associated with different prescribing patterns for patients with serious mental illness (SMI)...
2018: ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research: CEOR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30323604/clinical-and-neuropsychological-outcomes-for-children-with-phenylketonuria-in-upper-egypt-a-single-center-study-over-5-years
#6
Abdelrahim A Sadek, Mohammed H Hassan, Nesreen A Mohammed
Background: Phenylketonuria (PKU) is considered to be a rare inborn error of metabolism but one of the commonest causes of mental retardation if untreated. Objectives: The present study was done to characterize the clinical patterns of PKU and analyze various neuropsychiatric outcomes in PKU children in Sohag Province, Egypt. Patients and methods: A prospective cohort study was conducted on 113 PKU patients, diagnosed during the period from 2012 to 2017, at the Pediatric Neurology Clinic of Sohag University Hospital, Upper Egypt...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30322314/early-intervention-with-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-reduces-sick-leave-duration-in-people-with-adjustment-anxiety-and-depressive-disorders
#7
José H Marco, Sandra Alonso, Joaquín Andani
BACKGROUND: Early intervention in workers diagnosed with mental disorders is associated with a lower incidence of relapse and shorter sick leave. However, no studies have been carried out on the effect of early intervention using an evidence-based therapy, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), on people with sick leave. AIMS: The objectives of the present study are to study whether the type of intervention (early or late) will affect the total duration of the sick leave, the partial duration of the sick leave, the duration of the psychotherapy and the time until return to work after the psychotherapy ends...
October 15, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30320438/family-therapy-approaches-for-anorexia-nervosa
#8
REVIEW
Caroline A Fisher, Sonja Skocic, Kathleen A Rutherford, Sarah E Hetrick
BACKGROUND: Anorexia nervosa (AN) is characterised by a failure to maintain a normal body weight due to a paucity of nutrition, an intense fear of gaining weight or behaviour that prevents the individual from gaining weight, or both. The long-term prognosis is often poor, with severe developmental, medical and psychosocial complications, high rates of relapse and mortality. 'Family therapy approaches' indicate a range of approaches, derived from different theories, that involve the family in treatment...
October 15, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30317688/novel-four-session-treatment-intervention-for-anxiety-and-high-functioning-autism-a-single-case-report-for-externalizing-metaphors-therapy
#9
Everett F McGuinty, Brian M Bird, John Nelson, Jazlyn L McGuinty, Andrew Cashin
TOPIC: The Brief Services psychotherapy paradigm has evolved to produce cost-effective and clinically significant outcomes in children's mental health. Though its clinical evaluation is still in its infancy, it has been utilized to a much lesser degree with autism spectrum disorders, which typically require a longer-term approach to psychotherapy treatment. PURPOSE: The current paper introduces a novel, four-session intervention that aims to decrease anxiety experienced by clients presenting with high-functioning autism...
October 14, 2018: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30315500/evaluation-of-a-dialectical-behavior-therapy-psychiatry-residency-training-program
#10
Adam Carmel, Elena Logvinenko, Erin S Valenti
OBJECTIVE: Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) is a widely disseminated evidence-based treatment for patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD). This evaluation of a community psychiatry residency rotation compared a DBT training program to a standard care training program to determine the levels of confidence in treating patients with BPD, willingness to treat patients with BPD, and attitudes towards this patient population. METHODS: Participants were 57 psychiatry residents who completed a 3-month community psychiatry rotation in a DBT clinic (N = 33), or standard care clinic (N = 24) based in a partial hospitalization program in a community mental health center...
October 12, 2018: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30309837/efficacy-and-moderation-of-mobile-app-based-programs-for-mindfulness-based-training-self-compassion-training-and-cognitive-behavioral-psychoeducation-on-mental-health-randomized-controlled-noninferiority-trial
#11
Winnie Ws Mak, Alan Cy Tong, Sindy Yc Yip, Wacy Ws Lui, Floria Hn Chio, Amy Ty Chan, Celia Cy Wong
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness-based interventions, self-compassion training, and cognitive behavioral therapy have garnered much evidence in its salutary effects on mental health. With increasing application of smartphone and mobile technology on health promotion, this study investigated the efficacy and possible moderators of mindfulness, self-compassion, and cognitive behavioral psychoeducation training mobile apps in the improvement of mental health. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the efficacy of 3 mobile app-based programs: mindfulness-based program, self-compassion program, and cognitive behavioral psychoeducation program in improving mental well-being and reducing psychological distress...
October 11, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30307377/meta-analysis-of-the-effects-of-third-wave-behavioural-interventions-on-disordered-eating-and-body-image-concerns-implications-for-eating-disorder-prevention
#12
Jake Linardon, John Gleeson, Keong Yap, Kylie Murphy, Leah Brennan
Third-wave behavioural interventions are increasingly popular for treating and preventing mental health conditions. Recently, researchers have begun testing whether these interventions can effectively targeting eating disorder risk factors (disordered eating, body image concerns). This meta-analysis examined whether third-wave behavioural interventions (acceptance and commitment therapy; dialectical behaviour therapy; mindfulness-based interventions; compassion-focused therapy) show potential for being effective eating disorder prevention programs, by testing their effects on eating disorder risk factors in samples without an eating disorder...
October 11, 2018: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30306545/active-mind-body-movement-therapies-as-an-adjunct-to-or-in-comparison-with-pulmonary-rehabilitation-for-people-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#13
REVIEW
Louis McCusky Gendron, Andre Nyberg, Didier Saey, François Maltais, Yves Lacasse
BACKGROUND: Active mind-body movement therapies (AMBMTs), including but not limited to yoga, tai chi, and qigong, have been applied as exercise modalities for people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). AMBMT strategies have been found to be more effective than usual care; however, whether AMBMT is inferior, equivalent, or superior to pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) in people with COPD remains to be determined. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of AMBMTs compared with, or in addition to, PR in the management of COPD...
October 10, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30306259/-somatic-risks-in-elderly-people-with-severe-psychiatric-illnesses
#14
REVIEW
Daniel Kopf, Walter Hewer
BACKGROUND: Aged patients with severe mental illness (SMI) suffer from a high risk for functional impairment and a high load of somatic comorbidities. Until now, there has been a lack of systematic studies on this patient population in later life. This review summarizes the most significant somatic comorbidities and discusses the consequences for the medical care of this elderly group of patients. METHODS: A selective narrative review based on PubMed research and observations in clinical practice...
October 10, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30305148/psychological-support-for-personality-psp-versus-treatment-as-usual-study-protocol-for-a-feasibility-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-low-intensity-intervention-for-people-with-personality-disorder
#15
Mike J Crawford, Lavanya Thana, Jennie Parker, Oliver Turner, Kwek Pei Xing, Mary McMurran, Paul Moran, Timothy Weaver, Barbara Barrett, Amy Claringbold, Paul Bassett, Rahil Sanatinia
BACKGROUND: Previous research has demonstrated the clinical effectiveness of long-term psychological treatment for people with some types of personality disorder. However, the high intensity and cost of these interventions limit their availability. Lower-intensity interventions are increasingly being offered to people with personality disorder, but their clinical and cost effectiveness have not been properly tested in experimental studies. We therefore set out to develop a low intensity intervention for people with personality disorder and to test the feasibility of conducting a randomized controlled trial to compare the clinical effectiveness of this intervention with that of treatment as usual (TAU)...
October 10, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30301704/exo-clinical-trials-of-nutritional-supplements-for-sexual-dysfunction-precedents-principles-and-protocols
#16
REVIEW
Robert E Pyke
INTRODUCTION: Care-seeking for sexual dysfunction is limited by embarrassment, efficacy/safety concerns, and cost. Nutritional supplements (NSs) are low-cost but unproven. AIM: To provide hypotheses on whether effective NS combinations for sexual dysfunction can be created following known pharmacology principles and tested with sufficient rigor in Internet-based "exo-clinical" trials (XCTs). METHODS: PubMed and Google searches were conducted to review the feasibility of XCTs of NS combinations for sexual dysfunction...
October 6, 2018: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30300732/interventions-for-common-mental-health-problems-among-university-and-college-students-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#17
REVIEW
Junping Huang, Yeshambel T Nigatu, Rachel Smail-Crevier, Xin Zhang, Jianli Wang
Common mental health problems (CMHPs), such as depression, anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are internalizing disorders with high comorbidity. University and college students are under many stressors and transitional events, and students fall within the age range when CMHPs are at their developmental peak. Compared to the expanded effort to explore and treat CMHPs, there has been no a meta-analysis that comprehensively reviewed the interventions for CMHPs and examined the effects of interventions for CMHPs in college students...
September 29, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30300371/effectiveness-of-a-multifactorial-intervention-for-dizziness-in-older-people-in-primary-care-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
Hanneke Stam, Johannes C van der Wouden, Jacqueline G Hugtenburg, Jos W R Twisk, Henriëtte E van der Horst, Otto R Maarsingh
OBJECTIVES: Dizziness is common in older people. Physicians are often unable to identify a specific cause for dizziness in older people, even after an extensive diagnostic work-up. A prognosis-oriented approach, i.e. treating modifiable risk factors for an unfavourable course of dizziness, may reduce dizziness-related impairment in older people in primary care. DESIGN: Cluster randomized controlled trial. SETTING: 45 primary care practices in The Netherlands...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30298092/therapy-of-dredging-the-bowels-enhanced-the-neuroprotective-effect-of-nourishing-kidney-herbs-on-hippocampal-cholinergic-system-in-alzheimer-s-disease-model-rat-induced-by-a-%C3%AE-1-42
#19
Lu-Da Feng, Yang Tian, Xin Wang, Run Dai, Song Cai, Yu-Jia Cao, Yin-Chu Si
Background: Therapy of nourishing kidney has been used for treating memory deficits of Alzheimer's disease (AD) for thousands of years based on traditional Chinese medicine. However, we found the therapy of dredging the bowels could alleviate both memory deficits and mental symptoms of AD in clinic. Objective: To determine whether the therapy of dredging the bowels could enhance the neuroprotective effect of nourishing kidney herbs for treating AD rats, and to explore the underlying mechanism of the combination of nourishing kidney and dredging the bowels (NKDB) herbs...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30293234/occupational-therapy-delivered-by-specialists-versus-non-specialists-for-people-with-schizophrenia
#20
REVIEW
Karen Morris, Graeme Reid, Sally Spencer
BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia is a severe mental health condition that is characterised by positive symptoms, such as hallucinations and delusions; negative symptoms, such as flattened affect, thought disorder (disrupted speech), and lack of motivation; and cognitive symptoms, such as problems with memory and attention. Schizophrenia can occur as an isolated episode, or as a recurring cycle of remission and relapse, and is associated with impairment in psychosocial and occupational functioning...
October 5, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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