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Financial loss

Sophie Joanisse, Joshua P Nederveen, Tim Snijders, Bryon R McKay, Gianni Parise
Sarcopenia is the age-related loss of skeletal muscle mass and strength. Ultimately, sarcopenia results in the loss of independence, which imposes a large financial burden on healthcare systems worldwide. A critical facet of sarcopenia is the diminished ability for aged muscle to regenerate, repair and remodel. Over the years, research has focused on elucidating underlying mechanisms of sarcopenia and the impaired ability of muscle to respond to stimuli with aging. Muscle-specific stem cells, termed satellite cells (SC), play an important role in maintaining muscle health throughout the lifespan...
October 20, 2016: Gerontology
Shivaram Prasad Singh, Pradeep Kumar Padhi, Jimmy Narayan, Ayaskanta Singh, Girish Kumar Pati, Preetam Nath, Prasant Kumar Parida, Sunil Mishra
AIM: The aim of this study is to estimate the socioeconomic impact of alcohol use on patients with alcoholic liver disease (ALD) and their families. METHODS: The demographic and socioeconomic data were collected from hospitalized ALD patients and attendants using a self designed non validated questionnaire and analyzed. RESULTS: Study subjects included 100 consecutive ALD patients (all males). Sixty percent were between 30 and 50 years. Most were married (96 %), literate (63 %), either businessmen (37 %) or employed (30 %) and belonged to middle socioeconomic class...
October 19, 2016: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
Cheryl K Altice, Matthew P Banegas, Reginald D Tucker-Seeley, K Robin Yabroff
BACKGROUND: With rising cancer care costs, including high-priced cancer drugs, financial hardship is increasingly documented among cancer survivors in the United States; research findings have not been synthesized. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of articles published between 1990 and 2015 describing the financial hardship experienced by cancer survivors using PubMed, Embase, Scopus, and CINAHL databases. We categorized measures of financial hardship into: material conditions (eg, out-of-pocket costs, productivity loss, medical debt, or bankruptcy), psychological responses (eg, distress or worry), and coping behaviors (eg, skipped medications)...
February 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
John G Cagle, Philip Osteen, Paul Sacco, Jodi Jacobson Frey
CONTEXT: Hospice social workers are charged with completing a psychosocial assessment for every new enrollee. This assessment is part of the patient's comprehensive assessment and serves to inform the plan of care and key quality indicators. OBJECTIVES: To review the content of hospice social work assessments because little is known about what assessment topics are included or overlooked. METHODS: Using a clustered random sample from all 50 states, we contacted hospice agencies and requested a blank copy of the social work assessment completed at intake...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
Patricia A Fleming, Shannon J Dundas, Yvonne Y W Lau, John R Pluske
Outdoor pig operations are an alternative to intensive systems of raising pigs; however for the majority of outdoor pork producers, issues of biosecurity and predation control require significant management and (or) capital investment. Identifying and quantifying predation risk in outdoor pork operations has rarely been done, but such data would be informative for these producers as part of their financial and logistical planning. We quantified potential impact of fox predation on piglets bred on an outdoor pork operation in south-western Australia...
October 8, 2016: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
Cynthia Lien, Tony Rosen, Elizabeth M Bloemen, Robert C Abrams, Maria Pavlou, Mark S Lachs
OBJECTIVES: To identify patterns of personal experience or behavior in self-neglect by exploring narratives of cognitively intact older adults. DESIGN: Descriptive study involving semistructured interviews and unstructured narratives. SETTING: A parent study of self-neglect characteristics. PARTICIPANTS: Cognitively intact, self-neglecting older adults referred from 11 community-based senior services agencies (N = 69)...
October 14, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Sachiko Ozawa, Allison Portnoy, Hiwote Getaneh, Samantha Clark, Maria Knoll, David Bishai, H Keri Yang, Pallavi D Patwardhan
Vaccines save thousands of lives in the United States every year, but many adults remain unvaccinated. Low rates of vaccine uptake lead to costs to individuals and society in terms of deaths and disabilities, which are avoidable, and they create economic losses from doctor visits, hospitalizations, and lost income. To identify the magnitude of this problem, we calculated the current economic burden that is attributable to vaccine-preventable diseases among US adults. We estimated the total remaining economic burden at approximately $9 billion (plausibility range: $4...
October 12, 2016: Health Affairs
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Healthy life expectancy (HALE) and disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) provide summary measures of health across geographies and time that can inform assessments of epidemiological patterns and health system performance, help to prioritise investments in research and development, and monitor progress toward the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). We aimed to provide updated HALE and DALYs for geographies worldwide and evaluate how disease burden changes with development...
October 8, 2016: Lancet
Nan-Nong Sun, Tsung-Yen Wu, Chi-Fai Chau
The prevalence of overweight and obesity is on the rise around the world. Common comorbidities associated with obesity, particularly diabetes, hypertension, and heart disease have an impact on social and financial systems. Appropriate lifestyle and behavior interventions are still the crucial cornerstone to weight loss success, but maintaining such a healthy lifestyle is extremely challenging. Abundant natural materials have been explored for their obesity treatment potential and widely used to promote the development of anti-obesity products...
October 11, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Jyothi Subramanya, Natasha Curtiss, Aswini Balachandran, Jonathan Duckett
OBJECTIVE: Vaginal packs are commonly inserted after pelvic organ prolapse (POP) surgery to absorb excess blood loss and to reduce haematoma formation. Randomised trials have shown little benefit in terms of reduced haematoma formation. However, the amount of blood loss absorbed on the pack has not been studied. The use of packs has financial costs and is associated with catheterisation and may delay hospital discharge. If packs are not effective in reducing blood loss and haematoma formation there could be an argument that packs should not be used at all...
September 30, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Alexander Zill, Clarissa Precht, Benedicta Beck-Broichsitter, Susanne Sehner, Ralf Smeets, Max Heiland, Carsten Rendenbach, Anders Henningsen
PURPOSE: To report the outcome of graftless osteotome sinus floor elevation (OSFE) in order to evaluate whether apical bone gain depends on the initial residual bone height and whether the initial residual bone height has an influence on the amount of marginal bone loss. Furthermore the study aimed to assess if perforations of the Schneiderian membrane or residual bone height are potential predictors of implant survival. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study all patients were included who were treated between 2001 and 2010 and received dental implants in combination with OSFE in a private practice...
2016: European Journal of Oral Implantology
Frederike Reichmann, Annette Pfitzner, Guenter Rademacher, Elke Schwedinger, Klaus Cussler, Carola M Sauter-Louis
BACKGROUND: Several research groups from different European countries have worked on the aetiopathogenesis of bovine neonatal pancytopenia (BNP) and an association between the use of the vaccine PregSure BVD (Pfizer, Germany) and the development of this haemorrhagic disease was confirmed. Because BNP is not a notifiable disease, it is difficult to obtain information on its incidence. Based on pharmacovigilance (PhV) data, which are the only officially available data at the national level, the incidence of BNP is considered low...
October 7, 2016: BMC Veterinary Research
R Carter Clement, Caitlin M Gray, Michael M Kheir, Peter B Derman, Rebecca M Speck, L Scott Levin, Lee A Fleisher
BACKGROUND: The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) recently imposed penalties against hospitals with above-average 30-day readmission rates following total joint arthroplasty (TJA). Hospitals must decide whether investments in readmission prevention are worthwhile. This study examines the financial incentives associated with unplanned readmissions before and after invocation of these penalties. METHODS: Financial data were reviewed for 2028 consecutive primary TJAs performed on Medicare beneficiaries over a 2-year period at an urban academic health system...
August 31, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
Dan Yamin, Katherine E Atkins, Vanessa Remy, Alison P Galvani
BACKGROUND: Vaccination against rotavirus has shown great potential for reducing the primary cause of severe childhood gastroenteritis. Previous economic evaluations of rotavirus vaccination in France have not modeled the potential impact of vaccines on disease burden via reduced transmission. OBJECTIVE: To determine the cost-effectiveness of the introduction of pentavalent rotavirus vaccination into the French infant vaccination schedule. METHODS: We developed an age-structured model of rotavirus transmission calibrated to 6 years of French gastroenteritis incidence and vaccine clinical trial data...
September 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
Marco Bardoscia, Fabio Caccioli, Juan Ignacio Perotti, Gianna Vivaldo, Guido Caldarelli
We consider a dynamical model of distress propagation on complex networks, which we apply to the study of financial contagion in networks of banks connected to each other by direct exposures. The model that we consider is an extension of the DebtRank algorithm, recently introduced in the literature. The mechanics of distress propagation is very simple: When a bank suffers a loss, distress propagates to its creditors, who in turn suffer losses, and so on. The original DebtRank assumes that losses are propagated linearly between connected banks...
2016: PloS One
Seo-In Ha, Kyunghee Kim, Ji-Su Kim
PURPOSE: After oesophagectomy, anatomical changes and loss of function induce various symptoms that may affect quality of life (QoL) in oesophageal cancer patients. The purpose of this study was to identify the factors influencing QoL in Korean patients who have undergone oesophageal cancer surgery. METHOD: This was a cross-sectional study of a convenience sample consisting of 120 surgery patients with oesophageal cancer. We used the EORTC QLQ-C30 and EORTC QLQ-OES18 to measure participants' oesophageal cancer-related symptoms and QoL...
October 2016: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
Paula Bompastor-Ramos, João Póvoa, Conceição Lobo, Alejandra E Rodriguez, Jorge L Alió, Liliana Werner, Joaquim N Murta
PURPOSE: To report late postoperative opacification of a model of hydrophilic-hydrophobic acrylic intraocular lens (IOL) as well as the clinical consequences and laboratory characteristics. SETTING: Department of Ophthalmology, Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: Medical records were reviewed of patients with Lentis LS-502-1 IOL opacification reporting visual loss who had IOL explantation between November 2013 and March 2015...
September 2016: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
Samit Kumar Nandi, Samiran Bandyopadhyay, Piyali Das, Indranil Samanta, Prasenjit Mukherjee, Subhasis Roy, Biswanath Kundu
Chronic osteomyelitis is a major challenge in bone surgery. Conventional use of antibiotics is not an effective way to control the malaise due to so many reasons. Determination of optimal treatment strategy becomes difficult for the orthopaedic surgeons and as a consequence, the patients suffer not only from therapeutic failure but also due to adverse side effects of antibiotics and financial loss due to additional stay at hospitals. A wide application of carrier systems, as a medium for local delivery of antibiotics, is being used experimentally and clinically for the treatment of osteomyelitis...
September 28, 2016: Biotechnology Advances
Neelam Agarwal, Vinod Kumar
BACKGROUND: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) or Lupus is one of the leading causes of work disability in the United States, accounting for about 20% of the more than estimated 1.5 million Americans with a work disability. The symptoms of lupus can have a profound impact on the person's employment. Impacts of lupus are more pronounced among young and middle-adulthood. Studies have shown that loss in work hours cost the nation nearly $13 billion annually. The loss also impacts the individual's work, quality of life, self-management, and self-efficacy...
October 17, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Marijana Radić, Tomislav Benjak, Vlasta Dečković Vukres, Željko Rotim, Irina Filipović Zore
BACKGROUND: Dental caries is the most common oral disease affecting all age groups and a major cause of tooth loss. Although a decrease in the prevalence of dental caries has been marked across the globe, in many countries it has remained a major oral-health problem. AIM: The objective of this paper was to show the trends in the DMFT/dmft index ​​in Croatia, compare it with European countries and present further courses of action oriented towards promotion of oral health and decrease in caries prevalence...
December 2015: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
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