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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352849/impact-of-vasculitis-on-employment-and-income
#1
Lillian Barra, Renée L Borchin, Cristina Burroughs, George C Casey, Carol A McAlear, Antoine G Sreih, Kalen Young, Peter A Merkel, Christian Pagnoux
OBJECTIVES: Work disability associated with rheumatic diseases accounts for a substantial financial burden. However, few studies have investigated disability among patients with vasculitis. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of vasculitis on patient employment and income. METHODS: Patients enrolled in the Vasculitis Clinical Research Consortium (VCRC) Patient Contact Registry, living in the USA or Canada, and followed for >1 year post-diagnosis, participated in an online survey-based study...
January 10, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348998/meniscal-repair-with-fibrin-clot-augmentation
#2
Jorge Chahla, Nicholas I Kennedy, Andrew G Geeslin, Gilbert Moatshe, Mark E Cinque, Nicholas N DePhillipo, Robert F LaPrade
Meniscal injuries and meniscal loss are associated with changes in knee kinematics and loading, ultimately leading to poor functional outcomes and increased risk of progression to osteoarthritis. Biomechanical studies have shown restored knee function, and clinical studies have reported improved outcomes and decreased risk of osteoarthritis after meniscal repair. This has led orthopaedic surgeons to try and save the meniscus by repair whenever possible, as shown by increasing incidence of meniscal repair surgeries...
December 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344051/experiences-of-fathers-with-inpatient-premature-neonates-phenomenological-interpretative-analysis
#3
Tahmineh Dadkhahtehrani, Narges Eskandari, Zohre Khalajinia, Hoda Ahmari-Tehran
Background: Birth and hospitalization of premature neonates create enormous challenges for the family with serious impacts on parents' mental and emotional health. The present study was designed to explore the experiences of fathers with premature neonates hospitalized in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Materials and Methods: In this interpretative phenomenological study, data were collected using in-depth interviews guided with a semi-structured questionnaire and analyzed by interpretative phenomenological analysis...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338955/declining-health-related-quality-of-life-in-the-u-s
#4
Mark Olfson, Melanie Wall, Shang-Min Liu, Michael Schoenbaum, Carlos Blanco
INTRODUCTION: Despite recent declining mortality of the U.S. population from most leading causes, uncertainty exists over trends in health-related quality of life. METHODS: The 2001-2002 and 2012-2013 National Epidemiologic Surveys on Alcohol and Related Conditions U.S. representative household surveys were analyzed for trends in health-related quality of life (n=79,402). Health-related quality of life was measured with the Short Form-6 Dimension scale derived from the Short Form-12...
January 12, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338951/small-incentives-improve-weight-loss-in-women-from-disadvantaged-backgrounds
#5
Tricia M Leahey, Jessica Gokee LaRose, Marc S Mitchell, Carnisha M Gilder, Rena R Wing
INTRODUCTION: Women from lower-income backgrounds have the highest rates of obesity. Thus, effective programs for this high-risk population are urgently needed. Evidence suggests that adding financial incentives to treatment helps to engage and promote health behavior change in lower-income populations; however, this has never been tested in women for obesity treatment. The purpose of this study was to examine whether adding small financial incentives to Internet weight loss treatment yields better weight loss outcomes in women from lower-income backgrounds compared with the same treatment without incentives...
January 12, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337686/forgotten-public-health-impacts-of-cancer-an-overview
#6
Susana Viegas, Carina Ladeira, Ana Costa-Veiga, Julian Perelman, Goran Gajski
Cancer is one of the diseases of greatest concern in developed countries and much effort has been invested in discovering and developing therapeutics for curing cancer. Despite the improvements in antineoplastic therapeutics in the last decades, cancer is still one of the most harmful diseases worldwide. The global burden of cancer also implies financial costs: these can be direct costs, such as those related to treatment, care, and rehabilitation and indirect, which include the loss of economic output due to missed work (morbidity costs) and premature death (mortality costs)...
December 20, 2017: Arhiv za Higijenu Rada i Toksikologiju
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335745/-health-privacy-in-the-age-of-digital-networks
#7
REVIEW
Thilo Weichert
Digitization in the health sector embodies opportunities and risks. These consist of patient and data confidentiality. Vulnerability of data concerning integrity and availability can lead to financial losses and to damage of the health of data subjects. Those risks must be tackled by privacy or data protection law. For this purpose we have the European Data Protection Regulation as a comprehensive legal framework and a harmonizing bracket.This framework contains regulations on consent, purpose binding and data transfer, on rights of the data subject, technical and organizational measures and procedural arrangements...
January 15, 2018: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335504/testing-for-the-presence-of-correlation-changes-in-a-multivariate-time-series-a-permutation-based-approach
#8
Jedelyn Cabrieto, Francis Tuerlinckx, Peter Kuppens, Borbála Hunyadi, Eva Ceulemans
Detecting abrupt correlation changes in multivariate time series is crucial in many application fields such as signal processing, functional neuroimaging, climate studies, and financial analysis. To detect such changes, several promising correlation change tests exist, but they may suffer from severe loss of power when there is actually more than one change point underlying the data. To deal with this drawback, we propose a permutation based significance test for Kernel Change Point (KCP) detection on the running correlations...
January 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325589/catastrophic-total-costs-in-tuberculosis-affected-households-and-their-determinants-since-indonesia-s-implementation-of-universal-health-coverage
#9
Ahmad Fuady, Tanja A J Houweling, Muchtaruddin Mansyur, Jan Hendrik Richardus
BACKGROUND: As well as imposing an economic burden on affected households, the high costs related to tuberculosis (TB) can create access and adherence barriers. This highlights the particular urgency of achieving one of the End TB Strategy's targets: that no TB-affected households have to face catastrophic costs by 2020. In Indonesia, as elsewhere, there is also an emerging need to provide social protection by implementing universal health coverage (UHC). We therefore assessed the incidence of catastrophic total costs due to TB, and their determinants since the implementation of UHC...
January 12, 2018: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319723/characteristics-and-outcomes-of-intensive-care-unit-survivors-experience-of-a-multidisciplinary-outpatient-clinic-in-a-teaching-hospital
#10
Péricles A D Duarte, Jaquilene Barreto Costa, Silvana Trilo Duarte, Sheila Taba, Claudia Regina Felicetti Lordani, Erica Fernanda Osaku, Claudia Rejane Lima Macedo Costa, Dalas Cristina Miglioranza, Daniela Prochnow Gund, Amaury Cesar Jorge
OBJECTIVES: To describe the experience of an outpatient clinic with the multidisciplinary evaluation of intensive care unit survivors and to analyze their social, psychological, and physical characteristics in a low-income population and a developing country. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study. Adult survivors from a general intensive care unit were evaluated three months after discharge in a post-intensive care unit outpatient multidisciplinary clinic over a period of 6 years (2008-2014) in a University Hospital in southern Brazil...
December 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318611/the-influence-of-number-line-estimation-precision-and-numeracy-on-risky-financial-decision-making
#11
Inkyung Park, Soohyun Cho
This study examined whether different aspects of mathematical proficiency influence one's ability to make adaptive financial decisions. "Numeracy" refers to the ability to process numerical and probabilistic information and is commonly reported as an important factor which contributes to financial decision-making ability. The precision of mental number representation (MNR), measured with the number line estimation (NLE) task has been reported to be another critical factor. This study aimed to examine the contribution of these mathematical proficiencies while controlling for the influence of fluid intelligence, math anxiety and personality factors...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313146/long-term-quality-of-life-after-cytoreductive-surgery-and-heated-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy-for-pseudomyxoma-peritonei-a-prospective-longitudinal-study
#12
Adam T Stearns, Lee Malcomson, Grant Punnett, Haytham Abudeeb, Omer Aziz, Chelliah R Selvasekar, Paul E Fulford, Malcolm S Wilson, Andrew G Renehan, Sarah T O'Dwyer
BACKGROUND: Cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) are an established treatment for pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP), but it is a major surgical procedure and may be associated with long-term morbidity. To date, health-related quality-of-life (HRQL) data among survivors are lacking. METHODS: A two-period qualitative study investigated patients undergoing CRS-HIPEC for PMP at a national peritoneal tumor center between 2003 and 2011...
January 8, 2018: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309219/understanding-the-relationship-between-medicaid-expansions-and-hospital-closures
#13
Richard C Lindrooth, Marcelo C Perraillon, Rose Y Hardy, Gregory J Tung
Decisions by states about whether to expand Medicaid under the Affordable Care Act (ACA) have implications for hospitals' financial health. We hypothesized that Medicaid expansion of eligibility for childless adults prevents hospital closures because increased Medicaid coverage for previously uninsured people reduces uncompensated care expenditures and strengthens hospitals' financial position. We tested this hypothesis using data for the period 2008-16 on hospital closures and financial performance. We found that the ACA's Medicaid expansion was associated with improved hospital financial performance and substantially lower likelihoods of closure, especially in rural markets and counties with large numbers of uninsured adults before Medicaid expansion...
January 2018: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308228/characterization-of-puma-livestock-conflicts-in-rangelands-of-central-argentina
#14
María de Las Mercedes Guerisoli, Estela Luengos Vidal, Marcello Franchini, Nicolás Caruso, Emma Beatriz Casanave, Mauro Lucherini
Livestock predation is one of the major causes of conflicts between humans and pumas (Puma concolor). Using data from interviews with ranchers and kill-site inspections, we characterized puma-livestock conflicts in Villarino and Patagones counties of central Argentinean rangelands. Depredation was considered the major cause of livestock losses, and puma attacks were reported in 46.6% and 35.4% of ranches in Villarino and Patagones, respectively. The majority of ranches underwent losses smaller than 1000 USD...
December 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306880/knowledge-opinions-and-compliance-related-to-the-100-smoke-free-law-in-hospitality-venues-in-kampala-uganda-cross-sectional-results-from-the-komply-project
#15
Shannon Gravely, Kellen Namusisi Nyamurungi, Steven Ndugwa Kabwama, Gabriel Okello, Lindsay Robertson, Kelvin Khow Chuan Heng, Achiri Elvis Ndikum, Adeniyi Samuel Oginni, Jean Christophe Rusatira, Socrates Kakoulides, Mark D Huffman, Salim Yusuf, Eduardo Bianco
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated knowledge, opinions and compliance related to Uganda's comprehensive smoke-free law among hospitality venues in Kampala Uganda. DESIGN: This multi-method study presents cross-sectional findings of the extent of compliance in the early phase of Uganda's comprehensive smoke-free law (2 months postimplementation; pre-enforcement). SETTING: Bars, pubs and restaurants in Kampala Uganda. PROCEDURE AND PARTICIPANTS: A two-stage stratified cluster sampling procedure was used to select hospitality sites stratified by all five divisions in Kampala...
January 5, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303437/the-age-related-positivity-effect-in-electronic-gambling
#16
Phoebe E Bailey, Craig J Gonsalvez, Michelle Maiuolo, Tarren Leon, Gülten Benedek
BACKGROUND: Older adults are increasingly spending time and money playing electronic gambling machines (EGMs). The current study assessed whether the age-related positivity effect influences responding to various EGM outcomes, including wins and losses of equivalent magnitude and frequency. We also explored cognitive mechanisms potentially underpinning the positivity effect. METHODS: We recorded the skin conductance response (SCR) of healthy older and younger adults while they played for wins, losses, and fake wins (losses disguised as wins)...
January 5, 2018: Experimental Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294743/multiple-losses-the-psychological-and-economic-well-being-of-survivors-of-intimate-partner-violence
#17
Elizabeth W Sauber, Karen M O'Brien
This study advanced knowledge regarding the mechanisms through which intimate partner violence relates to psychological and financial distress with a sample of diverse low-income women. Data were collected from 147 female domestic violence survivors who were abused by a male partner within the past 6 months. Three hierarchical regression analyses revealed that psychological, physical, and economic abuse were predictive of posttraumatic stress, depression, and economic self-sufficiency among survivors. Guided by the Conservation of Resources Theory, the loss of financial, work, and interpersonal resources also predicted these three outcomes, above and beyond abuse experiences (i...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291191/experiences-of-unemployment-and-well-being-after-job-loss-during-economic-recession-results-of-a-qualitative-study-in-east-central-sweden
#18
Anne-Sofie Hiswåls, Anneli Marttila, Emelie Mälstam, Gloria Macassa
Introduction: Several studies have revealed an association between unemployment and ill health, and shown that unemployment can affect people differently. This study aimed to provide an understanding of the experiences of unemployment and perceptions of wellbeing among persons who involuntary lost their work during the recent economic recession in Gävle Municipality. Methods: Sixteen unemployed men and women aged 28-62 were interviewed face-to-face. A purposeful sampling strategy was used in order to suit the research question and to increase the variation among informants...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290295/financial-impact-of-foot-and-mouth-disease-outbreaks-on-pig-farms-in-the-republic-of-korea-2014-2015
#19
Hachung Yoon, Wooseog Jeong, Jun-Hee Han, Jida Choi, Yong-Myung Kang, Yong-Sang Kim, Hong-Sig Park, Tim E Carpenter
The financial impact of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) that occurred in 180 piggeries (100 farrow-to-finish and 80 fattening farms) confirmed infected during the 2014/2015 epidemic in the Republic of Korea was estimated at the farm level. The median loss due to slaughtering of pigs prior to their expected market weights was US$ 71.8 (uncovered compensation-compensation loss) plus US$ 57.3 (foregone net gain) per pig. Median loss per farm was US$ 27,487 (55.6% of total loss) for compensation and US$ 15,925 (44...
January 1, 2018: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289702/study-protocol-for-log2lose-a-feasibility-randomized-controlled-trial-to-evaluate-financial-incentives-for-dietary-self-monitoring-and-interim-weight-loss-in-adults-with-obesity
#20
Corrine I Voils, Erica Levine, Jennifer M Gierisch, Jane Pendergast, Sarah L Hale, Megan A McVay, Shelby D Reed, William S Yancy, Gary Bennett, Elizabeth M Strawbridge, Allison C White, Ryan J Shaw
The obesity epidemic has negative physical, psychological, and financial consequences. Despite the existence of effective behavioral weight loss interventions, many individuals do not achieve adequate weight loss, and most regain lost weight in the year following intervention. We report the rationale and design for a 2×2 factorial study that involves financial incentives for dietary self-monitoring (yes vs. no) and/or interim weight loss (yes vs. no). Outpatients with obesity participate in a 24-week, group-based weight loss intervention...
December 28, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
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