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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775677/managing-type-2-diabetes-as-a-couple-the-influence-of-partners-beliefs-on-diabetes-distress-over-time
#1
Berry Emma, Davies Mark, Dempster Martin
AIMS: Partners and spouses have an important role in supporting healthy self-care in adults with Type 2 diabetes. While evidence has shown that the beliefs held by people with diabetes influence emotional wellbeing, little is known about the long-term impact of partners' illness beliefs on diabetes distress. METHODS: Persons with Type 2 diabetes (pwt2d) and their partners completed a questionnaire at baseline (N=75 couples) and 12 months later (N=45 couples). Measures included demographic/ clinical parameters, the Revised Illness Perception questionnaire, and the Diabetes Distress Scale...
May 15, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771217/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-mindfulness-and-hypnosis-as-treatment-methods-for-generalized-anxiety-disorder
#2
Carolyn Daitch
Individuals suffering from generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) experience a broad range of physical, emotional, and cognitive distress. A hallmark of GAD is anxiety around making decisions. Many clinicians notice improvements in patients through specific modalities, such as mindfulness, hypnosis, and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT); however, these individual methods sometimes fall short. Clinicians and researchers alike note that it can be more effective to combine these three methods into an integrative treatment protocol...
July 2018: American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770340/diabetes-related-distress-assessment-among-type-2-diabetes-patients
#3
Majed O Aljuaid, Abdulmajeed M Almutairi, Mohammed A Assiri, Dhifallah M Almalki, Khaled Alswat
Background and Objectives: Diabetes is one of the most common chronic diseases; it is a debilitating and hard to live with. Diabetes-related distress (DRD) refers to the emotional and behavioral changes caused by diabetes. Our study aims to assess the prevalence of DRD among type 2 diabetes (T2D) patients using Diabetes Distress Scale-17 items (DDS-17) and its relation to complications and treatment modalities. Methods: A cross-sectional study of adult T2D patients with follow-up visits at the Diabetes and Endocrinology Center in Taif, Saudi Arabia, between January and July 2017...
2018: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768675/developing-self-regulation-in-a-dysregulating-world-attachment-and-biobehavioral-catch-up-for-a-toddler-in-foster-care
#4
Steven D Imrisek, Katerina Castaño, Kristin Bernard
Toddlers in foster care have typically experienced histories of maltreatment and disruptions in relationships with primary caregivers. As a result, they are at increased risk for developing disorganized attachment and showing emotional, behavioral, and physiological dysregulation. Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-up for Toddlers in Foster Care (ABC-T) was developed to address the needs of these vulnerable children by supporting foster parents in responding with nurturance to children's distress, following children's lead, and helping children calm when they are becoming overwhelmed or dysregulated...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768388/a-rational-emotive-stress-management-intervention-for-reducing-job-burnout-and-dysfunctional-distress-among-special-education-teachers-an-effect-study-erratum
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767417/do-concordances-of-social-support-and-relationship-quality-predict-psychological-distress-and-well-being-of-cancer-patients-and-caregivers
#6
W K Hou, K M Lau, T C Y Shum, A C K Cheng, T M C Lee
This study examined concordances of cancer patients' received and caregivers' provided support and dyadic relationship quality, and their predictive utility in prospective psychological distress and well-being. A total of 83 Chinese cancer patient-caregiver dyads were recruited in two government-funded hospitals in Hong Kong. Participants reported received (patient)/provided (caregiver) emotional and instrumental support and dyadic relationship quality within 6 months after diagnosis (T1), and anxiety and depressive symptoms, positive affect and life satisfaction at both T1 and 6-month follow-up (T2)...
May 16, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766600/effect-of-childhood-adversities-on-alcohol-problems-is-mainly-mediated-by-depression
#7
Raimo K R Salokangas, Tiina From, Sinikka Luutonen, Henri R W Salokangas, Jarmo Hietala
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We aimed to study how five childhood adversities and trauma (CAT) core domains: emotional abuse (EmoAb), physical abuse (PhyAb), sexual abuse (SexAb), emotional neglect (EmoNeg), physical neglect (PhyNeg), associate with alcohol problems (APs), and whether there are any gender differences in these associations. METHODS: Altogether, 690 adult participants drawn from the general population completed a mailed questionnaire, including the trauma and distress scale, as an indicator of CAT, and questions concerning sociodemographic background, depressive symptoms, and APs...
May 15, 2018: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764296/-medicine-doesn-t-cure-my-worries-understanding-the-drivers-of-mental-distress-in-older-nepalese-women-living-in-the-uk
#8
Lalita Kumari Sah, Rochelle Ann Burgess, Rajeeb Kumar Sah
The mental health of migrant communities is an important public health concern. A growing body of literature suggests that social and cultural determinants of health significantly contribute to the mental health and wellbeing of older migrants in their host countries. Despite the increasing population of older Nepalese migrants in the UK, there is little research exploring the mental health needs of this community. This article explores older Nepalese women's experiences of drivers of mental distress in London...
May 15, 2018: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764247/survey-and-analysis-for-impact-factors-of-psychological-distress-in-hiv-infected-pregnant-women-who-continue-pregnancy
#9
Shouxue Qin, Yanping Tan, Bingyan Lu, Yuqing Cheng, Yanli Nong
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to explore the psychological distress of HIV-infected pregnant women who continue pregnancy, and analyze the possible influencing factors. METHODS: A total of 194 HIV-infected pregnant women who continue pregnancy were enrolled for this study by a convenient sampling method during June 2012-August 2016. Participants completed questionnaires including Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), Berger HIV Stigma Scale (BHSS), Distress Thermometer (DT) and Problem List (PL), and to determine the cut-off value of DT in the group...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762339/the-relationship-between-fear-avoidance-and-neuromuscular-measures-of-function-in-patients-with-adult-degenerative-scoliosis
#10
Ram Haddas, Isador H Lieberman, Andrew Block
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship of fear-avoidance beliefs and neuromuscular activity during gait in adult degenerative scoliosis (ADS) patients. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Among patients with chronic spine pain, fear-avoidance beliefs are predictive of poor surgical outcomes. Fear-avoidance occurs when patients perceive that movement will worsen underlying physical problems. This process leads them to restrict activity, which further heightens emotional distress...
May 14, 2018: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762315/effectiveness-of-psychosocial-interventions-on-the-psychological-health-and-emotional-well-being-of-family-carers-of-people-with-dementia-following-residential-care-placement-a-systematic-review
#11
Deborah Brooks, Elaine Fielding, Elizabeth Beattie, Helen Edwards, Sonia Hines
OBJECTIVE: To identify, appraise and synthesize existing evidence regarding the effectiveness of psychosocial interventions on the psychological health and emotional well-being of family carers of people with dementia who have moved into residential care. INTRODUCTION: Many carers experience stress, guilt, grief and depression following placement of a relative with dementia into residential care. Psychosocial interventions to support family carers may help to improve psychological health and emotional well-being; however, evidence for such interventions delivered to family carers following placement has yet to be appraised and synthesized...
May 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759920/dysphonia-perceived-control-and-psychosocial-distress-a-qualitative-study
#12
Stephanie Misono, Caroline Haut, Liza Meredith, Patricia A Frazier, Ali Stockness, Deirdre D Michael, Lisa Butcher, Eileen M Harwood
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this qualitative study was to examine relationships between psychological factors, particularly perceived control, and voice symptoms in adults seeking treatment for a voice problem. METHODS: Semistructured interviews of adult patients with a clinical diagnosis of muscle tension dysphonia were conducted and transcribed. Follow-up interviews were conducted as needed for further information or clarification. A multidisciplinary team analyzed interview content using inductive techniques...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759914/symptom-cluster-of-emotional-distress-fatigue-and-cognitive-difficulties-among-young-and-older-breast-cancer-survivors-the-mediating-role-of-subjective-stress
#13
Inbar Levkovich, Miri Cohen, Shirly Alon, Iryna Kuchuk, Bella Nissenbaum, Ella Evron, Simon Pollack, Georgeta Fried
OBJECTIVES: To examine the nature of the symptom cluster of emotional distress, fatigue, and cognitive difficulties in young and older breast cancer survivors (BCS); To assess the mediating role of subjective stress and coping strategies (emotional control and meaning-focused coping) in the association between age and symptom cluster. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants were 170 BCS, stages I-III, 1-12 months post-chemotherapy, filled-out the Fatigue, Emotional Control, Meaning-focused Coping, Emotional Distress and the Cognitive Difficulties Questionnaires...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758583/gender-role-conflict-emotional-approach-coping-self-compassion-and-distress-in-prostate-cancer-patients-a-model-of-direct-and-moderating-effects
#14
Jennifer Lennon, David Hevey, Louise Kinsella
OBJECTIVE: Gender role conflict or the negative consequences of male socialization may compromise men's adjustment to prostate cancer by shaping how patients perceive and cope with their illness. Given mixed findings regarding how gender role conflict interacts with emotional approach coping to regulate distress in prostate cancer patients, the present study examined the effects of emotional approach coping, when considered alongside self-compassion, the ability to be kind and understanding of oneself...
May 14, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757937/factors-associated-with-maternal-wellbeing-at-four-months-post-partum-in-ireland
#15
Annemarie E Bennett, John M Kearney
This study aimed to examine factors associated with maternal wellbeing at four months post-partum in the Irish context. Socio-demographic, health behaviour and infant feeding data were collected in pregnancy, at birth and at 17 weeks post-partum. Maternal distress, body image and resilience were measured at 17 weeks post-partum. Binary logistic regression predicted maternal distress and statistical significance was taken at p < 0.05. One hundred and seventy-two women were followed-up in pregnancy, at birth and at 17 weeks post-partum...
May 14, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757086/bereavement-hallucinations-after-the-loss-of-a-spouse-associations-with-psychopathological-measures-personality-and-coping-style
#16
Karina Elisabeth Jensen, Maja O'Connor, Helle Spindler, Andrew Moskowitz
Bereavement hallucinations (BHs) were assessed in 175 conjugally bereaved participants four years post loss, to explore whether BHs were: a) associated with psychological distress and b) predicted by sociodemographic variables, personality and/or coping style. Participants with BHs scored significantly higher than those without BHs on prolonged grief, post-traumatic stress, depression symptoms, and emotional loneliness. Hierarchical logistic regression analysis showed avoidant coping, openness to experience, and length of marriage to significantly predict BHs, while detached coping was negatively associated with BHs...
May 14, 2018: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753591/emotion-regulation-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-unaffected-siblings-and-unrelated-healthy-control-participants
#17
Anders L Thorsen, Stella J de Wit, Froukje E de Vries, Danielle C Cath, Dick J Veltman, Ysbrand D van der Werf, David Mataix-Cols, Bjarne Hansen, Gerd Kvale, Odile A van den Heuvel
BACKGROUND: Functional neuroimaging endophenotypes of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) have been suggested during executive tasks. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether behavioral and neural responses during emotion processing and regulation also represent an endophenotype of OCD. METHODS: Forty-three unmedicated adult OCD patients, 19 of their unaffected siblings, and 38 healthy control participants underwent 3T functional magnetic resonance imaging during an emotion regulation task including neutral, fear-inducing, and OCD-related visual stimuli...
March 24, 2018: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752216/primary-and-secondary-variants-of-psychopathy-in-a-volunteer-sample-are-associated-with-different-neurocognitive-mechanisms
#18
Arjun Sethi, Eamon McCrory, Vanessa Puetz, Ferdinand Hoffmann, Annchen R Knodt, Spenser R Radtke, Bartholomew D Brigidi, Ahmad R Hariri, Essi Viding
BACKGROUND: Recent work has indicated that there at least two distinct subtypes of psychopathy. Primary psychopathy is characterized by low anxiety and thought to result from a genetic predisposition, whereas secondary psychopathy is characterized by high anxiety and thought to develop in response to environmental adversity. Primary psychopathy is robustly associated with reduced neural activation to others' emotions and, in particular, distress. However, it has been proposed that the secondary presentation has different neurocognitive correlates...
April 12, 2018: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751372/self-efficacy-beliefs-faecal-incontinence-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-born-with-anorectal-malformations
#19
Caterina Grano, Mariana Fernandes, Silvia Bucci, Dalia Aminoff, Fabio Lucidi, Cristiano Violani
AIM: Anorectal malformations (ARM) are rare congenital colorectal anomalies with long lasting consequences, among which faecal incontinence is one of the most relevant since it may strongly affects patients' health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Although a growing body of literature supports the importance of self-efficacy in chronic disease health outcomes, only few studies have focused on self-efficacy in anorectal malformations and in faecal incontinence. The purpose of the present study is to examine the mediational role of self-efficacy in the path between faecal incontinence and health-related quality of life in patients born with in anorectal malformations...
May 11, 2018: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750664/using-illness-perceptions-to-cluster-chronic-pain-patients-results-from-a-trial-on-the-chronic-pain-self-management-program
#20
Lisbeth Frostholm, Christina Hornemann, Eva Ørnbøl, Per Fink, Mimi Mehlsen
OBJECTIVES: The aims of our study were (1) To identify possible subgroups of chronic pain sufferers based on their illness perceptions (IPs); (2) To examine whether these subgroups differed in health status and health expenditure, and (3) To examine whether the subgroups differed in their response to participation in a lay-led Chronic Pain Self-Management Program (CPSMP). METHODS: Four hundred and twenty-four participants in a randomized controlled trial on the CPSMP completed a questionnaire on their perceptions of their chronic pain condition at baseline...
May 10, 2018: Clinical Journal of Pain
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