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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212391/an-empirical-examination-of-the-factor-structure-of-compassion
#1
Jenny Gu, Kate Cavanagh, Ruth Baer, Clara Strauss
Compassion has long been regarded as a core part of our humanity by contemplative traditions, and in recent years, it has received growing research interest. Following a recent review of existing conceptualisations, compassion has been defined as consisting of the following five elements: 1) recognising suffering, 2) understanding the universality of suffering in human experience, 3) feeling moved by the person suffering and emotionally connecting with their distress, 4) tolerating uncomfortable feelings aroused (e...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210554/preoperative-psychosocial-characteristics-may-predict-body-image-and-sexuality-two-years-after-risk-reducing-mastectomy-a-prospective-study
#2
Dmytro Unukovych, Hemming Johansson, Yvonne Brandberg
BACKGROUND: Risk-reducing mastectomy (RRM) in patients at high risk has become more available and the rates of both bilateral (BRRM) and contralateral (CRRM) procedures are increasing. For women opting for RRM, psychosocial well-being, body image and sexuality are known to be important patient-reported outcomes. The aim of the present study was to investigate baseline health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and emotional distress (anxiety and depression) as predictors of body image and sexuality two years after RRM in women undergoing CRRM and BRRM...
February 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206848/the-prevalence-of-compassion-fatigue-among-veterinary-students-in-australia-and-the-associated-psychological-factors
#3
Michelle L McArthur, Jena R Andrews, Conor Brand, Susan J Hazel
Compassion fatigue, compassion satisfaction, and other characteristics such as mindfulness and mental health stigma have not been investigated in veterinary students. The aims of this study were twofold: first to determine the prevalence of compassion, satisfaction, burnout, and secondary traumatic stress among Australian veterinary students and second to investigate the association between these factors and self-stigma, coping, empathy, and mindfulness. A cross-sectional online survey consisting of demographic questions and four validated psychological measures sampled 828 students, with a response rate of 31% (255/828)...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206845/changes-in-affective-and-cognitive-empathy-among-veterinary-practitioners
#4
Regina M Schoenfeld-Tacher, Jane R Shaw, Beatrice Meyer-Parsons, Lori R Kogan
Clinical empathy is a multi-dimensional concept characterized by four dimensions: (1) affective-the ability to experience patients' or clients' emotions and perspectives, (2) moral-the internal motivation to empathize, (3) cognitive-the intellectual ability to identify and comprehend others' perspective and emotions, and (4) behavioral-the ability to convey understanding of those emotions and perspectives back to the patient or client. The Davis Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI) was used to examine the affective and cognitive facets of empathy in veterinary practitioners...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204993/needs-of-neuro-oncological-patients-and-their-caregivers-during-the-hospitalization-and-after-discharge-results-from-a-longitudinal-study
#5
C Scaratti, M Leonardi, A Saladino, E Anghileri, M Broggi, E Lamperti, L Fariselli, R Ayadi, G Tringali, S Schiavolin
PURPOSE: The aims of this study are to identify neuro-oncological patients' and their caregivers' needs during hospitalization (T0) and at 4 months after discharge (T1); to analyze the longitudinal changes in patients' and caregivers' needs and burden; to identify correlations between patients' needs and caregivers' burden and needs. METHODS: A pilot observational longitudinal study was conducted on 94 neuro-oncological patients and their caregivers using NEQ to evaluate patients' needs, CNA, and FSQ for caregivers' needs and burden at T0 and T1...
February 15, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199006/symptom-incidence-distress-cancer-related-distress-and-adherence-to-chemotherapy-among-african-american-women-with-breast-cancer
#6
Melissa K Yee, Susan M Sereika, Catherine M Bender, Adam M Brufsky, Mary C Connolly, Margaret Q Rosenzweig
BACKGROUND: There is a persistent racial survival disparity between African American (AA) and white women with breast cancer. There is evidence that symptom incidence, associated distress, and overall cancer-related distress may be unexplored, important contributing factors. The purpose of the current study was to: 1) describe and compare the number of chemotherapy-related symptoms and associated distress among AA women with breast cancer over the course of chemotherapy at 3 time points (at baseline before initiating chemotherapy, midpoint, and at the completion of chemotherapy); and 2) to describe the relationship between the number of chemotherapy-related symptoms and overall cancer distress compared with the ability to receive at least 85% of the prescribed chemotherapy within the prescribed timeframe...
February 15, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196783/symptom-cluster-trajectories-during-chemotherapy-in-breast-cancer-outpatients
#7
Hsin-Tien Hsu, Kuan-Chia Lin, Li-Min Wu, Chiung-Hui Juan, Ming-Feng Hou, Shiow-Li Hwang, Yi Liu, Marylin J Dodd
CONTEXT: Breast cancer patients often experience multiple symptoms and substantial discomfort. Some symptoms may occur simultaneously and throughout the duration of chemotherapy treatment OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate symptom severity and symptom cluster trajectories during chemotherapy in outpatients with breast cancer in Taiwan. METHODS: This prospective, longitudinal, repeated measures study administered a standardized questionnaire (M...
February 11, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195675/-it-goes-against-the-grain-a-qualitative-study-of-the-experiences-of-parents-administering-distressing-health-care-procedures-for-their-child-at-home
#8
Gemma Spiers, Bryony Beresford
BACKGROUND: Parents caring for children with complex and long-term conditions at home take on responsibility for technical health-care procedures that may cause their child distress. Little evidence exists about parents' experience of this specific aspect of their caring role. AIMS: To explore and understand parents' experiences of administering distressing health-care procedures as part of caring for their child at home. DESIGN: An explorative qualitative study...
February 14, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194904/special-aspects-of-social-support-qualitative-analysis-of-oncologic-rehabilitation-through-a-belly-dancing-peer-support-group
#9
M Szalai, A Szirmai, K Füge, A Makai, G Erdélyi, V Prémusz, J Bódis
Tumour-related peer support groups (PSGs) show long-term development in quality of life and coping, and decrease distress in cancer care. To clarify channels of social support in oncologic rehabilitation by combined exercise and psychosocial therapy, individual semi-structured interviews were conducted after 1 year additional belly dance rehabilitation in a closed PSG among 51 patients with malignant tumour diagnosis in Budapest, Hungary. Interview data were transcribed and analysed using qualitative content analysis (ATLAS...
February 13, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191985/network-models-of-dsm-5-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-implications-for-icd-11
#10
Karen S Mitchell, Erika J Wolf, Michelle J Bovin, Lewina O Lee, Jonathan D Green, Raymond C Rosen, Terence M Keane, Brian P Marx
Recent proposals for revisions to the 11th edition of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) diagnostic criteria have argued that the current symptom constellation under the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-5 is unwieldy and includes many symptoms that overlap with other disorders. The newly proposed criteria for the ICD-11 include only 6 symptoms. However, restricting the symptoms to those included in the ICD-11 has implications for PTSD diagnosis prevalence estimates, and it remains unclear whether these 6 symptoms are most strongly associated with a diagnosis of PTSD...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183374/experiences-of-codeine-use-misuse-and-dependence-application-of-liese-and-franz-s-cognitive-developmental-model-of-substance-abuse
#11
Marie Claire Van Hout, Ian Norman, Eileen Rich, Michael Bergin
BACKGROUND: Misuse of codeine-containing medicines is an emerging public health issue. AIMS: We present the application of Liese and Franz's (1996) cognitive developmental model of substance abuse to the trajectory from legitimate codeine use for pain, towards that of therapeutic and other forms of misuse, and physical and psychological dependence. It illustrates a cognitive behavioural analysis of the experiences of codeine misusers - which 'surfaces' the specific beliefs, thoughts, emotions and behaviours of this group of hidden codeine dependent individuals, who are distinct and unique from other opioid-dependent cohorts...
February 10, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181091/neuro-emotional-technique-effects-on-brain-physiology-in-cancer-patients-with-traumatic-stress-symptoms-preliminary-findings
#12
Daniel A Monti, Anna Tobia, Marie Stoner, Nancy Wintering, Michael Matthews, Xiao-Song He, Gaelle Doucet, Inna Chervoneva, Joseph I Tracy, Andrew B Newberg
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to characterize the neurophysiological and clinical effects that may result from the neuro emotional technique (NET) in patients with traumatic stress symptoms associated with a cancer-related event. We hypothesized that self-regulatory processing of traumatic memories would be observable as physiological changes in key brain areas after undergoing the NET intervention and that these changes would be associated with improvement of traumatic stress symptoms...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179626/hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-axis-dysregulation-and-double-product-increases-potentiate-ischemic-heart-disease-risk-in-a-black-male-cohort-the-sabpa-study
#13
Leoné Malan, Christiaan E Schutte, Ala'a Alkerwi, Saverio Stranges, Nicolaas T Malan
Emotional distress has been associated with a poorer prognosis in myocardial infarction patients. Elevated adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH), lower cortisol, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) and cortisol:DHEAS, as measures of emotional distress, might correlate with silent myocardial ischemia (SMI) and workload. Thus, we assessed the relationship between emotional distress, SMI and double product (systolic blood pressure (SBP) × heart rate). Cross-sectional South African biethnic single-set cohorts (N=378), aged 44...
February 9, 2017: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177273/-you-feel-like-your-whole-world-is-caving-in-a-qualitative-study-of-primary-care-patients-conceptualisations-of-emotional-distress
#14
Adam Wa Geraghty, Miriam Santer, Samantha Williams, Jennifer Mc Sharry, Paul Little, Ricardo F Muñoz, Tony Kendrick, Michael Moore
General practitioners are tasked with determining the nature of patients' emotional distress and providing appropriate care. For patients whose symptoms appear to fall near the 'boundaries' of psychiatric disorder, this can be difficult with important implications for treatment. There is a lack of qualitative research among patients with symptoms severe enough to warrant consultation, but where general practitioners have refrained from diagnosis. We aimed to explore how patients in this potentially large group conceptualise their symptoms and consequently investigate lay understandings of complex distinctions between emotional distress and psychiatric disorder...
October 1, 2016: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176924/high-stakes-and-high-emotions-providing-safe-care-in-canadian-emergency-departments
#15
Samina Ali, Denise Thomson, Timothy A D Graham, Sean E Rickard, Antonia S Stang
BACKGROUND: The high-paced, unpredictable environment of the emergency department (ED) contributes to errors in patient safety. The ED setting becomes even more challenging when dealing with critically ill patients, particularly with children, where variations in size, weight, and form present practical difficulties in many aspects of care. In this commentary, we will explore the impact of the health care providers' emotional reactions while caring for critically ill patients, and how this can be interpreted and addressed as a patient safety issue...
2017: Open Access Emergency Medicine: OAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173849/rigour-and-rapport-a-qualitative-study-of-parents-and-professionals-experiences-of-joint-agency-infant-death-investigation
#16
Joanna Garstang, Frances Griffiths, Peter Sidebotham
BACKGROUND: In many countries there are now detailed Child Death Review (CDR) processes following unexpected child deaths. CDR can lead to a fuller understanding of the causes for each child's death but this potentially intrusive process may increase the distress of bereaved families. In England, a joint agency approach (JAA) is used where police, healthcare and social services investigate sudden child deaths together and a key part of this is the joint home visit (JHV) where specialist police and paediatricians visit the home with the parents to view the scene of death...
February 7, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173843/staff-experiences-of-closing-out-a-clinical-trial-involving-withdrawal-of-treatment-qualitative-study
#17
Julia Lawton, David White, David Rankin, Jackie Elliott, Carolin Taylor, Cindy Cooper, Simon Heller, Nina Hallowell
BACKGROUND: The ending of a clinical trial may be challenging, particularly if staff are required to withdraw the investigated treatment(s); however, this aspect of trial work is surprisingly under-researched. To address this gap, we explored the experiences of staff involved in closing out a trial that entailed withdrawal of treatment (insulin pumps) from some patients. METHODS: Interviews were conducted with n = 22 staff, recruited from seven trial sites. Data were analysed thematically...
February 7, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169824/-agitation-in-people-with-dementia-160-scoping-review-and-putting-the-phenomenon-into-perspective-using-the-comfort-theory-and-the-concept-of-attachment
#18
Corinne Schaub, Diane Morin, Armin von Gunten
<ce:para>Agitation in hospitalized demented patients is troublesome and disruptive for both patients and caregivers. The literature indicates that agitation is strongly related to physical or psychological discomfort and its recent definition includes the additional relation to emotional distress. Hospitalization associated with major cognitive difficulties further activates the need for attachment and security to which caregivers must pay attention. This synthesis review first deals with the evidence related to agitation in people with dementia and its relationship with discomfort...
July 5, 2016: Recherche en Soins Infirmiers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168421/screening-for-distress-using-the-distress-thermometer-and-the-university-of-washington-quality-of-life-in-post-treatment-head-and-neck-cancer-survivors
#19
Naseem Ghazali, Brenda Roe, Derek Lowe, Sank Tandon, Terry Jones, James Brown, Richard Shaw, Janet Risk, Simon N Rogers
The primary aim was to determine the efficacy of the Distress Thermometer (DT) in screening for anxiety and mood problems against the University of Washington Quality of Life, version 4 (UWQOL). Secondary aims were to evaluate the association between demographic, clinical and health-related QOL variables with significant distress. Two hundred and sixty one disease-free HNC ambulatory patients attending routine follow-up clinics were prospectively recruited. Both DT and UWQOL were completed pre-consultation...
February 6, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166792/mothers-pupillary-responses-to-infant-facial-expressions
#20
Santeri Yrttiaho, Dana Niehaus, Eileen Thomas, Jukka M Leppänen
BACKGROUND: Human parental care relies heavily on the ability to monitor and respond to a child's affective states. The current study examined pupil diameter as a potential physiological index of mothers' affective response to infant facial expressions. METHODS: Pupillary time-series were measured from 86 mothers of young infants in response to an array of photographic infant faces falling into four emotive categories based on valence (positive vs. negative) and arousal (mild vs...
February 6, 2017: Behavioral and Brain Functions: BBF
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