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Emotional distress

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329440/executive-function-and-internalizing-symptoms-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-congenital-heart-disease-the-role-of-coping
#1
Jamie L Jackson, Gina M Gerardo, Jennifer D Monti, Kyle A Schofield, Kathryn Vannatta
Executive functioning deficits have been documented among congenital heart disease (CHD) survivors and may contribute to emotional distress. Little research has investigated the role of coping in this association. This study examined the role of coping in accounting for the association between self-reported executive function problems and internalizing symptoms among adolescents and emerging adults (AEAs), as well as young adults (YAs) with CHD. Participants included 74 AEA ( M age  = 19.32  ±  3.47 years, range 15-25 years) and 98 YA CHD survivors ( M age  = 32...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329163/the-importance-of-parental-connectedness-and-relationships-with-healthcare-professionals-in-end-of-life-care-in-the-picu
#2
Jeannette L Falkenburg, Dick Tibboel, Ruard R Ganzevoort, Saskia J Gischler, Monique van Dijk
OBJECTIVES: Support from healthcare professionals in a PICU is highly valuable for parents of dying children. The way they care for the patients and their families affects the parents' initial mourning process. This study explores what interaction with hospital staff is meaningful to parents in existential distress when their child is dying in the PICU. DESIGN: Qualitative interview study. SETTING: Level 3 PICU in the Erasmus University Medical Center-Sophia Children's Hospital, Rotterdam, and the Netherlands...
January 11, 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328956/predicting-post-breakup-distress-and-growth-in-emerging-adulthood-the-roles-of-relationship-satisfaction-and-emotion-regulation
#3
Jerika C Norona, Miri Scharf, Deborah P Welsh, Shmuel Shulman
With a sample of emerging adults (N = 110; 72% female) this brief report utilized self-report measures to examine the role of relationship satisfaction and emotion regulation strategies assessed at age 20 in predicting breakup distress and posttraumatic growth three years later. Results showed that higher relationship satisfaction is associated with less future breakup distress. Emotion regulation explained the ways individuals cope with distress; cognitive appraisal (in contrast to emotional suppression) predicted higher growth after experiencing a breakup...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327312/examining-the-prospective-relationship-between-pre-disaster-respiratory-sinus-arrhythmia-and-post-disaster-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-in-children
#4
Amy J Mikolajewski, Michael S Scheeringa
Previous studies have examined the concurrent relationship between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and a range of psychophysiological variables, including respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA). However, there is a lack of research examining the prospective development of trauma symptomatology, and the directionality of the association between RSA level and PTSD has yet to be determined. The current study is the first prospective study to examine whether RSA level and RSA reactivity are risk factors for PTSD symptoms in children...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326181/what-are-the-sources-of-stress-and-distress-for-general-practitioners-working-in-england-a-qualitative-study
#5
Ruth Riley, Johanna Spiers, Marta Buszewicz, Anna Kathryn Taylor, Gail Thornton, Carolyn Anne Chew-Graham
OBJECTIVES: This paper reports the sources of stress and distress experienced by general practitioners (GP) as part of a wider study exploring the barriers and facilitators to help-seeking for mental illness and burnout among this medical population. DESIGN: Qualitative study using in-depth interviews with 47 GP participants. The interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed, anonymised and imported into NVivo V.11 to facilitate data management. Data were analysed using a thematic analysis employing the constant comparative method...
January 11, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325583/an-integrated-delivery-of-care-approach-to-improve-patient-reported-physical-function-and-mental-wellbeing-after-orthopedic-trauma-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Laura Zdziarski-Horodyski, MaryBeth Horodyski, Kalia K Sadasivan, Jennifer Hagen, Terrie Vasilopoulos, Matthew Patrick, Robert Guenther, Heather K Vincent
BACKGROUND: Orthopedic trauma injury impacts nearly 2.8 million people each year. Despite surgical improvements and excellent survivorship rates, many patients experience poor quality of life (QOL) outcomes years later. Psychological distress commonly occurs after injury. Distressed patients more frequently experience rehospitalizations, pain medication dependence, and low QOL. This study was developed to test whether an integrative care approach (IntCare; ten-step program of emotional support, education, customized resources, and medical care) was superior to usual care (UsCare)...
January 11, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325518/experiences-of-gestational-diabetes-and-gestational-diabetes-care-a-focus-group-and-interview-study
#7
Judith Parsons, Katherine Sparrow, Khalida Ismail, Katharine Hunt, Helen Rogers, Angus Forbes
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is an increasingly common condition of pregnancy. It is associated with adverse fetal, infant and maternal outcomes, as well as an increased risk of GDM in future pregnancies and type 2 diabetes for both mother and offspring. Previous studies have shown that GDM can result in an emotionally distressing pregnancy, but there is little research on the patient experience of GDM care, especially of a demographically diverse UK population. The aim of this research was to explore the experiences of GDM and GDM care for a group of women attending a large diabetes pregnancy unit in southeast London, UK, in order to improve care...
January 11, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325393/role-of-emotional-distress-in-prolongation-of-dizziness-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Kyung Jin Roh, Min Ki Kim, Ji Hyung Kim, Eun Jin Son
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Dizziness is a common condition in outpatient clinics. Comorbid conditions such as anxiety and/or depression often complicate a patient's ability to cope with dizziness. The purpose of the present study was to explore the extent of psychiatric distress using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and to compare the results with the subjective severity of dizziness. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The cross-sectional study included a total of 456 consecutive patients presenting with acute (n=327) and chronic (n=127) dizziness symptoms...
December 2017: Journal of Audiology & Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325390/translation-adaptation-and-cross-language-validation-of-tinnitus-handicap-inventory-in-urdu
#9
Muhammad Aqeel, Ammar Ahmed
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Tinnitus is characterized as a perception of numerous auditory sounds in absence of external stimulus. Tinnitus can have a considerable consequence on a person's quality of life, and is considered to be very complicated to quantify. The aim of this study was to investigate the reliability and validity of Urdu translation of the Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI) in Pakistan. It was designed to assess the presence of various auditory sounds without the external stimulus...
December 2017: Journal of Audiology & Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325175/early-parental-abuse-and-daily-assistance-to-aging-parents-with-disability-associations-with-the-middle-aged-adults-daily-well-being
#10
Yin Liu, Jooyoung Kong, Lauren R Bangerter, Steven H Zarit, David M Almeida
Objectives: The current study examined the within-person association between providing daily assistance to aging parents with disability and adult children's daily mood in the context of early relationship with parents. Methods: We used data from 782 participants and 5,758 daily interviews from the Midlife in the United States (MIDUS) Refresher, with 248 people self-reported providing daily assistance ranging from 1 to 8 days out of the entire daily-interview period...
January 9, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324827/psychometric-properties-of-the-arabic-version-of-the-12-item-diabetes-fatalism-scale
#11
Ola Sukkarieh-Haraty, Leonard E Egede, Joelle Abi Kharma, Maya Bassil
BACKGROUND: There are widespread fatalistic beliefs in Arab countries, especially among individuals with diabetes. However, there is no tool to assess diabetes fatalism in this population. This study describes the processes used to create an Arabic version of the Diabetes Fatalism Scale (DFS) and examine its psychometric properties. METHODS: A descriptive correlational design was used with a convenience sample of Lebanese adults (N = 274) with type 2 diabetes recruited from a major hospital in Beirut, Lebanon and by snowball sampling...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323522/demoralization-and-embitterment
#12
Maria Giulia Nanni, Rosangela Caruso, Silvana Sabato, Luigi Grassi
OBJECTIVE: Individuals may experience a wide range of psychological reactions in response to negative life events. Even if events that threaten life have been always played a central role in research, recent studies have outlined that experiences, considered exceptional but part of the human existence (e.g., divorce, unemployment, or chronic illness) may also lead individuals to experience enduring emotional states of suffering. Demoralization has been substantially described as an important condition occurring in response to stressful events, while a recent interest is growing on embitterment as a common reaction...
January 2018: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322243/humanistic-burden-of-disease-for-patients-with-advanced-melanoma-in-canada
#13
Winson Y Cheung, Martha S Bayliss, Michelle K White, Angela Stroupe, Andrew Lovley, Bellinda L King-Kallimanis, Kathryn Lasch
BACKGROUND: Metastatic melanoma is a highly aggressive cancer, often striking in the prime of life. This study provides new information directly from advanced melanoma (stage III and IV) patients on how their disease impacts their health-related quality of life (HRQL). METHODS: Twenty-nine in-depth, qualitative interviews were conducted with adult patients with advanced melanoma in Canada. A semi-structured interview guide was used. Interviews were transcribed verbatim and key concepts were identified using a grounded theory analytic approach...
January 10, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318702/predictors-of-emotional-distress-a-year-or-more-after-diagnosis-of-cancer-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#14
REVIEW
Sharon A Cook, Peter Salmon, Gemma Hayes, Angela Byrne, Peter L Fisher
OBJECTIVE: Why some people recover emotionally after diagnosis and treatment of cancer and others do not is poorly understood. To identify factors around the time of diagnosis that predict longer-term distress is a necessary step in developing interventions to reduce patients' vulnerability. This review identified the demographic, clinical, social, and psychological factors available at or within 3 months of diagnosis that are reliable predictors of emotional distress at least 12 months later...
January 10, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317460/patient-reported-outcome-measures-for-symptom-perception-during-a-cystic-fibrosis-exacerbation
#15
Gabriela Schmid-Mohler, Ann-Louise Caress, Rebecca Spirig, Christian Benden, Janelle Yorke
BACKGROUND: Symptom burden increases during pulmonary exacerbations of cystic fibrosis (CF), and patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) are often used to evaluate symptoms as either primary or secondary outcomes. However, there is currently no guidance on the use of PROMs to assess symptom burden during pulmonary exacerbations. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted to identify PROMs measuring symptom experience, management, or influencing factors, which were developed for CF patients and had been used at least once during pulmonary exacerbations...
January 9, 2018: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317347/using-virtual-reality-to-control-preoperative-anxiety-in-ambulatory-surgery-patients-a-pilot-study-in-maxillofacial-and-plastic-surgery
#16
L Ganry, B Hersant, M SidAhmed-Mezi, G Dhonneur, J P Meningaud
INTRODUCTION: Preoperative anxiety may lead to medical and surgical complications, behavioral problems and emotional distress. The most common means of prevention are based on using medication and, more recently, hypnosis. The aim of our study was to determine whether a virtual reality (VR) program presenting natural scenes could be part of a new therapy to reduce patients' preoperative anxiety. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our prospective pilot study consisted of a single-blind trial in skin cancer surgery at the Henri Mondor Teaching Hospital in France...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315204/moral-distress-model-reconstructed-using-grounded-theory
#17
Hsun-Kuei Ko, Chi-Chun Chin, Min-Tao Hsu
BACKGROUND: The problems of nurse burnout and manpower shortage relate to moral distress. Thus, having a good understanding of moral distress is critical to developing strategies that effectively improve the clinical ethical climate and improve nursing retention in Taiwan. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to reconstruct the model of moral distress using the grounded theory. METHODS: Twenty-five staff nurses at work units who attend to the needs of adult, pediatric, acute, and critical disease or end-of-life-care patients were recruited as participants using theoretical sampling from three teaching hospitals in Taiwan...
February 2018: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314437/prolonged-grief-disorder-and-depression-are-distinct-for-caregivers-across-their-first-bereavement-year
#18
Wei-I Tsai, Su-Ching Kuo, Fur-Hsing Wen, Holly G Prigerson, Siew Tzuh Tang
BACKGROUND: Prolonged grief disorder (PGD) and depression are recognized as distinct emotional-distress disorders for bereaved family caregivers. However, this distinction has been mostly validated in cross-sectional studies, neglecting the dynamic characteristics of bereaved caregivers' emotional distress. OBJECTIVE: To validate the distinction between symptoms of PGD and depression across the first bereavement year for family caregivers of terminally ill cancer patients...
January 4, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313768/from-longshot-to-fantasy-obligations-to-pediatric-patients-and-families-when-last-ditch-medical-efforts-fail
#19
Elliott Mark Weiss, Autumn Fiester
Clinicians at quaternary centers see part of their mission as providing hope when others cannot. They tend to see sicker patients with more complex disease processes. Part of this mission is offering longshot treatment modalities that are unlikely to achieve their stated goal, but conceivably could. When patients embark on such a treatment plan, it may fail. Often treatment toward an initial goal continues beyond the point at which such a goal is feasible. We explore the progression of care from longshot to fantasy using two pediatric cases...
January 2018: American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307952/linking-maternal-socialization-of-emotion-regulation-to-adolescents-co-rumination-with-peers
#20
Lindsey B Stone, Jennifer S Silk, Caroline W Oppenheimer, Kristy Benoit Allen, Jennifer M Waller, Ronald E Dahl
Mounting research supports that co-rumination, the tendency to seek peer support by engaging in extensive negatively focused discussion, is a risk factor for adolescent psychopathology. It is unclear, though, how this interpersonal tendency develops. Parental responses to adolescents' negative affect likely shape how youth utilize peer relationships to regulate distress, as they shift to reliance on peer support during this developmental stage. For example, nonsupportive parental responses may fail to instill healthy regulation strategies, resulting in ineffective forms of peer support, such as co-rumination...
November 2017: Journal of Early Adolescence
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