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journal of infectious

Susan L Norris, Veronica Ivey Sawin, Mauricio Ferri, Laura Reques Sastre, Teegwendé V Porgo
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0198125.].
2018: PloS One
Melissa A Markowitz, Lauren N Wood, Shlomo Raz, Loren G Miller, David A Haake, Ja-Hong Kim
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Acute, uncomplicated cystitis is one of the most common bacterial infections seen in clinical practice. Quality improvement and antibiotic stewardship efforts to optimize cystitis management rely on clinicians managing patients in a manner recommended by experts and guidelines. However, it is unclear if recent recommendations for cystitis from experts and guidelines from US medical societies that provide recommendations are well aligned. METHODS: We examined recommendations and guidelines for acute, symptomatic cystitis in women published in US medical societies' journals from January 1, 2008, to December 31, 2016, within the fields of family medicine, obstetrics and gynecology, internal medicine, female pelvic medicine and reconstructive surgery, and infectious diseases...
August 11, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2, 2018: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
Carlo Caffarelli, Francesca Santamaria, Dora Di Mauro, Carla Mastrorilli, Silvia Montella, Bertrand Tchana, Giuliana Valerio, Alberto Verrotti, Mariella Valenzise, Sergio Bernasconi, Giovanni Corsello
This review provides an overview of a remarkable number of significant studies in pediatrics that have been published over the past year in the Italian Journal of Pediatrics. We have selected information from papers presented in the Journal that deal with allergy, endocrinology, gastroenterology, genetics, immunology, infectious diseases, neonatology, nephrology, neurology, pulmonology. The relevant epidemiologic findings, and developments in prevention, diagnosis and treatment of the last year have been discussed and placed in context...
July 17, 2018: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
Musa Mufti, Christopher Shackles, Emaan Alvi, Jaya Nath
To emphasize the utility of contrast enhanced MRI for identifying the extent of disease in herpes zoster ophthalmicus with intracranial extension to help determine proper management. We present a rare case of herpes zoster ophthalmicus (HZ/HZO) with intracranial extension and MRI demonstration of involvement of the trigeminal nerve, the trigeminal nucleus, and the spinal trigeminal nucleus and tract. Herpes zoster is caused by reactivation of varicella zoster virus. Herpes zoster ophthalmicus with involvement of the ophthalmic division of the trigeminal nerve has been estimated to account for 10-20% of the cases (Yawn et al...
July 10, 2018: Emergency Radiology
John P Dekker
Metagenomics approaches based on shotgun next generation sequencing hold promise for infectious disease diagnostics. Despite substantial challenges that remain, work done over the past few years justifies excitement about the potential for these approaches to transform how clinical pathogen identification and analysis are performed. In an article in this issue of the Journal of Clinical Microbiology , M. I. Ivy et al. (J. Clin Microbiol 56:e00402-18, 2018, have applied a shotgun metagenomics approach to the diagnosis of prosthetic joint infections directly from synovial fluid...
July 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
Gustavo Costa Marques de Lucena, Rinaldo Antunes Barros
INTRODUCTION: Periampular neoplasms represent 5% of all cancers of the gastrointestinal tract with peak incidence in the 7th decade of life. The most common clinical picture is jaundice, weight loss and abdominal pain. Considering that cholestasis is related to postoperative complications, preoperative biliary drainage was developed to improve the postoperative morbidity and mortality of icteric patients with periampular neoplasias, whether resectable or not. OBJECTIVE: To describe the outcome of patients with periampullary tumors undergoing preoperative biliary drainage with pancreatoduodenectomy...
2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
Guanglin Cui, Aping Yuan
Background: Recent epidemiological data have revealed a dramatically rising prevalence and incidence of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) in Mainland China, a rapidly growing industrialized region, over the last two decades. Objectives: We performed a systematic review to investigate the changing trends in the incidence of IBD in Mainland China and summarized the recent findings in risk factors associated with Chinese IBD. Methods: Relevant references were obtained from an electronic database search via MEDLINE and EMBASE (for English literatures), the China Academic Journals Full-text Database (CJFD) and the China Science Periodical Database (CSPD) in Wanfang Data (for Chinese literatures)...
2018: Frontiers in Medicine
Jesus Ramirez-Valles
In this 30th anniversary of AIDS Education and Prevention, we turn our attention to its founder and editor, Dr. Francisco Sy. I trace Dr. Sy's trajectory, from growing up in a Filipino-Chinese family in Manila to Harvard, Johns Hopkins, South Carolina, and then to the journal. The loss of friends and colleagues to the AIDS epidemic stands out as Sy's driving force behind the journal. AIDS Education and Prevention was also created to fill a tremendous gap in the field: a scientific platform to circulate and discuss research on HIV and AIDS prevention...
June 2018: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
István Gazda
In this article we examine why Semmelweis's seemingly simple, logical and practical discovery was categorically dismissed by the majority of his contemporaries, and why even many years after his death it was accepted with such reservation. We invoke wherever possible Semmelweis's own words citing from the series of articles appearing in the 'Orvosi Hetilap' [Hungarian Medical Weekly Journal] published in 1858 in Hungary, and also from the German language summary of the Journal published in 1860. We came to the conclusion that although Semmelweis did everything in his power to show the causal relationship between the development of puerperal fever (childbed fever) and some infectious substance on the hands of examining doctors and medical students, this was not convincing enough...
July 2018: Orvosi Hetilap
Waleed M Sweileh, Kolitha Wickramage, Kevin Pottie, Charles Hui, Bayard Roberts, Ansam F Sawalha, Saed H Zyoud
BACKGROUND: The health of migrants has become an important issue in global health and foreign policy. Assessing the current status of research activity and identifying gaps in global migration health (GMH) is an important step in mapping the evidence-base and on advocating health needs of migrants and mobile populations. The aim of this study was to analyze globally published peer-reviewed literature in GMH. METHODS: A bibliometric analysis methodology was used...
June 20, 2018: BMC Public Health
Waleed M Sweileh
BACKGROUND: In the past few decades Arab countries had witnessed several intra-regional conflicts and civil wars that led to the creation of millions of refugees and migrants. Assessment of research activity is an indicator of national and international efforts to improve the health of those millions of war victims. Therefore, the aim of this study was to analyze published literature in international Arab migrants. METHODS: Literature in international Arab migrants published during the past three decades (1988-2017) was retrieved using Scopus database...
June 18, 2018: BMC Public Health
Caitlin Grant, Bridget Williams, Tim Driscoll
Background: This study aimed to provide a detailed insight into the nature of the content published in the International Journal of Epidemiology (IJE) over its history. Methods: This study reviewed five complete volumes of the IJE at 10-year intervals (1976, 1986, 1996, 2006 and 2016). Information was extracted for 628 articles considered to be most representative of the content of the IJE, with detailed information analysed for 435 articles identified as original research articles...
June 8, 2018: International Journal of Epidemiology
Daniel Oluwayelu, Adebowale Adebiyi, Oyewale Tomori
Arthropod-borne viruses (arboviruses) are the largest biologic group of vertebrate viruses and constitute important emerging infectious disease agents globally. Arthropod transmission provides a way for viruses to cross species barriers since the same arthropod may bite animals that rarely or never come into close contact in nature. In Nigeria, arboviruses have, over several decades, caused severe diseases in livestock resulting in great economic losses and, sometimes, infection of humans leading to morbidity and mortality...
June 7, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
M Daniel-Ivad, S Pimentel-Elardo, J R Nodwell
Specialized metabolites are bacterially produced small molecules that have an extraordinary diversity of important biological activities. They are useful as biochemical probes of living systems, and they have been adapted for use as drugs for human afflictions ranging from infectious diseases to cancer. The biosynthetic genes for these molecules are controlled by a dense network of regulatory mechanisms: Cell-cell signaling and nutrient sensing are conspicuous features of this network. While many components of these mechanisms have been identified, important questions about their biological roles remain shrouded in mystery...
May 23, 2018: Annual Review of Microbiology
N Fernandez, A Puerto, A Azuero, F O'Kelly, J Hannick, M Rickard, A Kirsch, A Caldamone, M Koyle
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) has been one of the defining conditions unique to pediatric urology since its inception. The clinical implications of this disease process depend on intrinsic patient factors such as age, genetics, epigenetics, voiding habits, anatomic anomalies, and extrinsic factors such as the pathogenicity of infectious agents. Knowledge about its natural history, the implications of conservative and surgical management, and their associated outcomes have evolved dramatically over time...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Amrei von Braun, Christine Sekaggya-Wiltshire, Nadine Bachmann, Deogratius Ssemwanga, Alexandra U Scherrer, Maria Nanyonjo, Anne Kapaata, Pontiano Kaleebu, Huldrych F Günthard, Barbara Castelnuovo, Jan Fehr, Andrew Kambugu
BACKGROUND: Little is known about prevalence of drug resistance among HIV-infected Ugandans, a setting with over 15 years of public sector access to antiretroviral therapy (ART) and where virological monitoring was only recently introduced. SETTING: This study was conducted in the adults' out-patient clinic of the Infectious Diseases Institute, Kampala, Uganda. METHODS: HIV genotyping was performed in ART-naive patients and in treatment-experienced patients on ART for ≥6 months with virological failure (≥1000 copies/mL)...
August 15, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
Neha Batura, Carla Cuevas, Mishal Khan, Virginia Wiseman
INTRODUCTION: Antibiotic resistance endangers effective prevention and treatment of infections, and places significant burden on patients, families, communities and healthcare systems. Low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs) are especially vulnerable to antibiotic resistance, owing to high infectious disease burden, and limited resources for treatment. High prevalence of antibiotic prescription and use due to lack of provider's knowledge, prescriber's habits and perceived patient needs further exacerbate the situation...
May 14, 2018: BMJ Open
Jasper Callemeyn, Kim Daenens, Inge Derdelinckx, Steven Dymarkowski, Katleen Fagard
BACKGROUND:  Non-aneurysmal infectious aortitis is a rare clinical entity with most often lethal complications when surgical intervention is delayed. OBJECTIVES:  This report describes the case of a non-aneurysmal infectious aortitis complicated with a penetrating aortic ulcer in an elderly woman, caused by a methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus. Surgery was deemed contra-indicated and treatment was limited to the administration of intravenous vancomycin (2 grams daily), followed by flucloxacillin (6 times 2 grams daily)...
May 10, 2018: Acta Clinica Belgica
Aristo Vojdani, Elroy Vojdani, Evan Saidara, Datis Kharrazian
As early as the 1980s, molecular virologist Ruth Itzhaki began to investigate if there was a causal connection between infections and neurodegenerative disorder. Although the theory has yet to be universally embraced, in 2016 Itzhaki and 33 other scientists from all over the world published a review article in this very journal presenting evidence for the causal role of pathogens in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Exactly how and in what way pathogens affect the induction of AD has yet to be determined, but one possible answer may involve the cross-reactivity of different pathogens with amyloid-β (Aβ)...
2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
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