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journal of infectious

Z Peng, Y H Sun, H M Zhu, M Gui, L Du, D Z Zhang, H Ren
Objective: To dynamically analyze the discipline status, influence factors and key issues of Chinese Journal of Hepatology from 2010 to 2016 and explore the development rules of citation indexes. Methods: We collected information published by the China Institute of Scientific and Technological Information [China Science and Technology Journal Citation Report (Core Edition)] and Wanfang Database Periodicals statistical analysis platform from 2010 to 2016. A bibliometric analyses on article volume, citation frequency, citation rate, h-index, ratio of fund-aided papers, periodical influence, key number published period, number of relevant articles, and so on were analyzed for annual's impact factor...
June 20, 2018: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
Michelle Christini Araújo Vieira, Joilda Silva Nery, Enny S Paixão, Kaio Vinicius Freitas de Andrade, Gerson Oliveira Penna, Maria Glória Teixeira
BACKGROUND: Leprosy is a chronic infectious disease neglected, caused by Mycobacterium leprae, considered a public health problem because may cause permanent physical disabilities and deformities, leading to severe limitations. This review presents an overview of the results of epidemiological studies on leprosy occurrence in childhood in Brazil, aiming to alert health planners and managers to the actual need to institute special control strategies. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Data collection consisted of an electronic search for publications in eight databases: Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde (LILACS), Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO), PuBMed, Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde (BVS), SciVerse Scopus (Scopus), CAPES theses database, CAPES journals database and Web of Science of papers published up to 2016...
October 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Sushma Tatipally, Aparna Srikantam, Sanjay Kasetty
Leprosy is an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae and mainly affects skin, peripheral nerves, and eyes. Suitable tools for providing bacteriological evidence of leprosy are needed for early case detection and appropriate therapeutic management. Ideally these tools are applicable at all health care levels for the effective control of leprosy. This paper presents a systematic review analysis in order to investigate the performance of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) vis-à-vis slit skin smears (SSS) in various clinical settings and its potential usefulness as a routine lab test for leprosy diagnosis...
October 1, 2018: Tropical Medicine and Infectious Disease
Sun Huh
BACKGROUND: In 2013, Infection & Chemotherapy changed the main language of its articles to English so that they could be submitted to PubMed Central. This study presents the recent status of journal metrics for Infection & Chemotherapy and introduces scholarly journal publishing policies or guidelines that have recently appeared. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A variety of journal metrics were analyzed based on the Web of Science Core Collection, including the nationality of authors the proportion of funded articles to Journal Articles , manually calculated impact factor, the titles of journals in which articles were cited", and the Hirsch index...
September 2018: Infection & Chemotherapy
Jie Chen, Chao-Min Wan, Si-Tang Gong, Feng Fang, Mei Sun, Yuan Qian, Ying Huang, Bao-Xi Wang, Chun-Di Xu, Li-Yan Ye, Mei Dong, Yu Jin, Zhi-Hua Huang, Qin-Bing Wu, Chao-Min Zhu, You-Hong Fang, Qi-Rong Zhu, Yong-Sui Dong
BACKGROUND: The guidelines addressed the evidence-based indications for the management of children with acute infectious diarrhea in Chinese pediatric population. DATA SOURCES: The experts group of evidence development put forward clinical problems, collects evidence, forms preliminary recommendations, and then uses open-ended discussions to form recommendations. The literature review was done for developing this guideline in databases including PubMed, Cochrane, EMBASE, China Biomedical Database, and Chinese Journal Full-text Database up to June 2013...
October 2018: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
Theresa Stocks, Tom Britton, Michael Höhle
Despite the wide application of dynamic models in infectious disease epidemiology, the particular modeling of variability in the different model components is often subjective rather than the result of a thorough model selection process. This is in part because inference for a stochastic transmission model can be difficult since the likelihood is often intractable due to partial observability. In this work, we address the question of adequate inclusion of variability by demonstrating a systematic approach for model selection and parameter inference for dynamic epidemic models...
September 27, 2018: Biostatistics
Andrew C Cortopassi, Redd Driver, Lisa A Eaton, Seth C Kalichman
HIV is transmitted in social and sexual relationships, and HIV transmission risks, as well as protective actions, are evolving as HIV epidemics unfold. The current focus of HIV prevention is centered on antiretroviral medications used to reduce HIV infectiousness in persons already infected with HIV [treatment as prevention (TasP)]. The same medications used to treat infected persons can also be used by uninfected persons as pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) to reduce the infectivity of HIV. Both PrEP and TasP are effective when adherence is high and individuals do not have co-occurring sexually transmitted infections...
September 26, 2018: Annual Review of Psychology
Sheila E Segura, Gloria Ramos-Rivera, Mark Suhrland
The following fictional case is intended as a learning tool within the Pathology Competencies for Medical Education (PCME), a set of national standards for teaching pathology. These are divided into three basic competencies: Disease Mechanisms and Processes, Organ System Pathology, and Diagnostic Medicine and Therapeutic Pathology. For additional information, and a full list of learning objectives for all three competencies, see
January 2018: Academic Pathology
Tom Cupedo
The relevance of innate lymphoid cells (ILC) for anti-infectious immunity remains a matter of constant debate. At the same time, evidence for additional, non-immune related functions of ILC is steadily increasing. In the thymus, non-immune functions of ILC were shown for group 3 ILC (ILC3), which regulate differentiation and proliferation of thymic epithelial cells. In this issue of the European Journal of Immunology, Withers and colleagues [Eur. J. Immunol. 2018. 48: 1481-1491] now show that ILC2, a subset of ILCs specialized in tissue protection and regeneration, are the major ILC subset in the adult thymus, heavily outnumbering ILC3...
September 2018: European Journal of Immunology
Rebecca F Baggaley, Branwen N Owen, Romain Silhol, Jocelyn Elmes, Peter Anton, Ian McGowan, Ariane van der Straten, Barbara Shacklett, Que Dang, Edith M Swann, Diane L Bolton, Marie-Claude Boily
Quantifying HIV-1 transmission risk per-act of anal intercourse (AI) is important for HIV-1 prevention. We updated previous reviews by searching Medline and Embase to 02/2018. We derived pooled estimates of receptive AI (URAI) and insertive AI (UIAI) risk unprotected by condoms using random-effects models. Subgroup analyses were conducted by gender, study design, and whether antiretroviral treatment (ART) had been introduced by the time of the study. Two new relevant studies were identified, one of which met inclusion criteria, adding three new cohorts and increasing number of individuals/partnerships included from 1869 to 14 277...
September 2, 2018: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
Susan L Norris, Veronica Ivey Sawin, Mauricio Ferri, Laura Reques Sastre, Teegwendé V Porgo
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0198125.].
2018: PloS One
Melissa A Markowitz, Lauren N Wood, Shlomo Raz, Loren G Miller, David A Haake, Ja-Hong Kim
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Acute, uncomplicated cystitis is one of the most common bacterial infections seen in clinical practice. Quality improvement and antibiotic stewardship efforts to optimize cystitis management rely on clinicians managing patients in a manner recommended by experts and guidelines. However, it is unclear if recent recommendations for cystitis from experts and guidelines from US medical societies that provide recommendations are well aligned. METHODS: We examined recommendations and guidelines for acute, symptomatic cystitis in women published in US medical societies' journals from January 1, 2008, to December 31, 2016, within the fields of family medicine, obstetrics and gynecology, internal medicine, female pelvic medicine and reconstructive surgery, and infectious diseases...
August 11, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2, 2018: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
Carlo Caffarelli, Francesca Santamaria, Dora Di Mauro, Carla Mastrorilli, Silvia Montella, Bertrand Tchana, Giuliana Valerio, Alberto Verrotti, Mariella Valenzise, Sergio Bernasconi, Giovanni Corsello
This review provides an overview of a remarkable number of significant studies in pediatrics that have been published over the past year in the Italian Journal of Pediatrics. We have selected information from papers presented in the Journal that deal with allergy, endocrinology, gastroenterology, genetics, immunology, infectious diseases, neonatology, nephrology, neurology, pulmonology. The relevant epidemiologic findings, and developments in prevention, diagnosis and treatment of the last year have been discussed and placed in context...
July 17, 2018: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
Musa Mufti, Christopher Shackles, Emaan Alvi, Jaya Nath
To emphasize the utility of contrast enhanced MRI for identifying the extent of disease in herpes zoster ophthalmicus with intracranial extension to help determine proper management. We present a rare case of herpes zoster ophthalmicus (HZ/HZO) with intracranial extension and MRI demonstration of involvement of the trigeminal nerve, the trigeminal nucleus, and the spinal trigeminal nucleus and tract. Herpes zoster is caused by reactivation of varicella zoster virus. Herpes zoster ophthalmicus with involvement of the ophthalmic division of the trigeminal nerve has been estimated to account for 10-20% of the cases (Yawn et al...
July 10, 2018: Emergency Radiology
John P Dekker
Metagenomics approaches based on shotgun next-generation sequencing hold promise for infectious disease diagnostics. Despite substantial challenges that remain, work done over the past few years justifies excitement about the potential for these approaches to transform how clinical pathogen identification and analysis are performed. In an article in this issue of the Journal of Clinical Microbiology , M. I. Ivy et al. (J Clin Microbiol 56:e00402-18, 2018, have applied a shotgun metagenomics approach to the diagnosis of prosthetic joint infections directly from synovial fluid...
September 2018: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
Gustavo Costa Marques de Lucena, Rinaldo Antunes Barros
INTRODUCTION: Periampular neoplasms represent 5% of all cancers of the gastrointestinal tract with peak incidence in the 7th decade of life. The most common clinical picture is jaundice, weight loss and abdominal pain. Considering that cholestasis is related to postoperative complications, preoperative biliary drainage was developed to improve the postoperative morbidity and mortality of icteric patients with periampular neoplasias, whether resectable or not. OBJECTIVE: To describe the outcome of patients with periampullary tumors undergoing preoperative biliary drainage with pancreatoduodenectomy...
2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
Guanglin Cui, Aping Yuan
Background: Recent epidemiological data have revealed a dramatically rising prevalence and incidence of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) in Mainland China, a rapidly growing industrialized region, over the last two decades. Objectives: We performed a systematic review to investigate the changing trends in the incidence of IBD in Mainland China and summarized the recent findings in risk factors associated with Chinese IBD. Methods: Relevant references were obtained from an electronic database search via MEDLINE and EMBASE (for English literatures), the China Academic Journals Full-text Database (CJFD) and the China Science Periodical Database (CSPD) in Wanfang Data (for Chinese literatures)...
2018: Frontiers in Medicine
Jesus Ramirez-Valles
In this 30th anniversary of AIDS Education and Prevention, we turn our attention to its founder and editor, Dr. Francisco Sy. I trace Dr. Sy's trajectory, from growing up in a Filipino-Chinese family in Manila to Harvard, Johns Hopkins, South Carolina, and then to the journal. The loss of friends and colleagues to the AIDS epidemic stands out as Sy's driving force behind the journal. AIDS Education and Prevention was also created to fill a tremendous gap in the field: a scientific platform to circulate and discuss research on HIV and AIDS prevention...
June 2018: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
István Gazda
In this article we examine why Semmelweis's seemingly simple, logical and practical discovery was categorically dismissed by the majority of his contemporaries, and why even many years after his death it was accepted with such reservation. We invoke wherever possible Semmelweis's own words citing from the series of articles appearing in the 'Orvosi Hetilap' [Hungarian Medical Weekly Journal] published in 1858 in Hungary, and also from the German language summary of the Journal published in 1860. We came to the conclusion that although Semmelweis did everything in his power to show the causal relationship between the development of puerperal fever (childbed fever) and some infectious substance on the hands of examining doctors and medical students, this was not convincing enough...
July 2018: Orvosi Hetilap
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