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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30517260/when-is-the-best-time-for-corrective-surgery-in-patients-with-tetralogy-of-fallot-between-0-and-12-months-of-age
#1
Izabela F Martins, Iara C Doles, Nathalie J M Bravo-Valenzuela, Adriana O R Dos Santos, Marcela S P Varella
OBJECTIVE: To identify the best time for corrective surgery of tetralogy of Fallot (TF) in children aged 0-12 months and to report the most frequent complications during the first 3 years postoperatively. METHODS: Systematic review of studies published between 2000 and 2017 on corrective surgery for TF. Articles were selected through search of electronic databases (PubMed, SciELO, Scopus, Lilacs, Google Scholar, and Cochrane). Length of stay in intensive care unit, duration of mechanical ventilation, and peri/postoperative complications were analyzed for data discussion and research interpretation...
September 2018: Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30517259/comparison-of-del-nido-cardioplegia-with-blood-cardioplegia-in-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-combined-with-mitral-valve-replacement
#2
Ali Aycan Kavala, Saygin Turkyilmaz
OBJECTIVE: To compare del Nido cardioplegia (DNC) with blood cardioplegia (BC) in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) combined with mitral valve replacement. METHODS: A 3-year single-center retrospective cohort study was carried out. Subjects who underwent CABG (up to triple bypass) combined with mitral valve replacement were divided into DNC and BC groups. Each group had thirty subjects. RESULTS: Both groups demonstrated similar baseline characteristics, including age, gender, cardiac/non-cardiac comorbidity, and preoperative echocardiographic parameters...
September 2018: Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30516262/duodenal-intramural-hematoma-due-to-early-postoperative-anticoagulant-treatment-after-a-renal-transplant-a-case-report
#3
Adem Bayraktar, Leman Damla Ercan, Hüseyin Bakkaloğlu, Ali Fuat Kaan Gök, Mehmet İlhan, Ali Emin Aydın
A spontaneous intramural duodenal hematoma is a rare complication in patients receiving anticoagulation therapy. Presently described is a case of intramural duodenal hematoma in a patient with a cadaveric renal transplant who was under oral anticoagulant treatment due to paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. The patient was admitted with intense abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and a total obstruction of duodenum. After a diagnosis of intramural hematoma, a good prognosis was achieved with conservative care.
November 2018: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30515601/russell-silver-syndrome-with-cleft-palate-a-case-report
#4
Mami Shiraishi, Katsuaki Mishima, Hirotsugu Umeda
BACKGROUND: Russell-Silver syndrome (RSS) is characterized by intrauterine growth retardation, short stature without postnatal catch-up growth, and an inverted triangular face with relative macrocephaly. There have been few case reports of RSS with cleft palate, in which perioperative problems such as difficult intubation due to trismus and impossibility to wear a mouth gag due to growth failure of the mandible were described. The case of a female RSS patient with cleft palate who underwent palatoplasty is reported...
December 4, 2018: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30514358/effect-of-dual-acupoint-and-single-acupoint-electric-stimulation-on-postoperative-outcomes-in-elderly-patients-subjected-to-gastrointestinal-surgery-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Zhi-Hong Lu, Hai-Long Dong, Jia-Wen Huang-Fu, Xiao-Jian Fan, Wei-Xian Zhao, Su Min, Wei Zhang, Ming-Fu Liu, Yong-Hui Wang, Li-Ni Wang, Li-Ze Xiong
BACKGROUND: Transcutaneous electric acupoint stimulation (TEAS) has shown benefits when used peri-operatively. However, the role of numbers of areas with acupoint stimulation is still unclear. Therefore, we report the protocol of a randomized controlled trial of using TEAS in elderly patients subjected to gastrointestinal surgery, and comparing dual-acupoint and single-acupoint stimulation. METHODS/DESIGN: A multicenter, randomized, controlled, three-arm design, large-scale trial is currently undergoing in four hospitals in China...
December 4, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30514164/a-targeted-swallow-screen-for-the-detection-of-postoperative-dysphagia-in-liver-transplant-patients
#6
Laith Mukdad, William Toppen, Son Nguyen, Kwang Kim, Abie H Mendelsohn, Ali Zarrinpar, Peyman Benharash
INTRODUCTION: Postoperative dysphagia leads to aspiration pneumonia, prolonged hospital stay, and is associated with increased mortality. We have demonstrated the validity of a bedside targeted swallow evaluation following cardiac surgery. Since dysphagia following liver transplantation is not well examined, we evaluated the efficacy of this swallow screen method in postoperative liver transplant patients. METHODS: This was a prospective trial involving adult patients who underwent liver transplant surgery at our institution over a 5-month period...
December 4, 2018: Progress in Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30513728/reevaluating-the-importance-of-modified-ultrafiltration-in-contemporary-pediatric-cardiac-surgery
#7
Vladimir Milovanovic, Dejan Bisenic, Branko Mimic, Bilal Ali, Massimiliano Cantinotti, Ivan Soldatovic, Irena Vulicevic, Bruno Murzi, Slobodan Ilic
OBJECTIVE(S): Modified ultrafiltration has gained wide acceptance as a powerful tool against cardiopulmonary bypass morbidity in pediatric cardiac surgery. The aim of our study was to assess the importance of modified ultrafiltration within conditions of contemporary cardiopulmonary bypass characteristics. METHODS: Ninety⁻eight patients (overall cohort) weighing less than 12 kg undergoing surgical repair with cardiopulmonary bypass were prospectively enrolled in a randomized protocol to receive modified and conventional ultrafiltration (MUF group) or just conventional ultrafiltration (non-MUF group)...
December 1, 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30508882/crystalloid-fluid-administration-was-associated-with-outcomes-in-pediatric-patients-with-severe-sepsis-or-septic-shock
#8
Shan Zhang, Xiaoke Dai, Chunbao Guo
Intravenous fluid prescription plays an important role in sepsis management, which may be associated with patient prognosis. The objective of the present study was to determine if the administration of crystalloid fluids is associated with clinical outcome for patients with severe sepsis and septic shock.The medical records of 79 patients with severe sepsis or septic shock at an academic tertiary care hospital between 2011 and 2016 were reviewed retrospectively. The patients were dichotomized based on the median 3-day amount of corrected crystalloid fluids as low (<193 mL/kg) versus high (>193 mL/kg)...
November 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30507677/incremental-value-of-noncerebral-somatic-tissue-oxygenation-monitoring-for-patients-undergoing-surgery
#9
Dong-Liang Mu, Dong-Xin Wang, Lingzhong Meng
PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW: There is increasing interest in the use of noncerebral somatic tissue oxygen saturation (SstO2) monitoring on the basis of near-infrared spectroscopy in patients undergoing surgery or residing in intensive care unit. The relevant question is whether SstO2 monitoring can improve the quality of care. In this article, we reviewed the clinical application of SstO2 monitoring in acute care, focusing on its use in patients undergoing surgery. RECENT FINDINGS: Multiple small cohort studies conducted on pediatric patients reported close associations of SstO2 measurements over different regions such as the splanchnic and renal tissue beds with systemic oxygenation, transfusion, hemodynamic indices, morbidity, and mortality...
November 29, 2018: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30506711/prediction-of-prolonged-icu-stay-in-cardiac-surgery-patients-as-a-useful-method-to-identify-nutrition-risk-in-cardiac-surgery-patients-a-post-hoc-analysis-of-a-prospective-observational-study
#10
Christian Stoppe, Julia Ney, Vladimir V Lomivorotov, Sergey M Efremov, Carina Benstoem, Aileen Hill, Ekaterina Nesterova, Elena Laaf, Andreas Goetzenich, Bernard McDonald, Arne Peine, Gernot Marx, Karl Fehnle, Daren K Heyland
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular surgery patients with a prolonged intensive care unit (ICU) stay may benefit most from early nutrition support. Using established scoring systems for nutrition assessment and operative risk stratification, we aimed to develop a model to predict a prolonged ICU stay ≥5 days in order to identify patients who will benefit from early nutrition interventions. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of a prospective observational study of patients undergoing elective valvular, coronary artery bypass grafting, or combined cardiac surgery...
December 2, 2018: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30505744/surgical-management-of-anomalous-coronary-arteries
#11
REVIEW
Chin Siang Ong, Duke E Cameron, Marshall L Jacobs
Anomalies in the coronary arterial circulation have been described since classical antiquity by Galen and through the Medical Renaissance by Vesalius, but their clinical significance and association with sudden cardiac death (SCD) has only been appreciated over the last 4 decades. Advances in cardiac surgery and cardiovascular intensive care have led to decreasing overall postoperative mortality and morbidity associated with cardiac surgery. The decision whether to surgically treat an anomaly of coronary artery origin and course, and the risk-to-benefit ratio of surgical treatment in preventing a potentially lethal complication of SCD, requires careful, deliberate consideration based on the best available evidence...
September 2018: Annals of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30505557/uniportal-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery-for-the-treatment-of-thoracic-emergencies
#12
Marc Swierzy, Svea Faber, Dania Nachira, Alida Günsberg, Jens C Rückert, Mahmoud Ismail
Background: While video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) is well accepted in the management of thoracic emergencies, uniportal VATS has not yet been studied for this indication. This paper reports the results of the treatment of chest trauma patients by uniportal VATS in a single center with extensive experience in uniportal VATS. Methods: In this prospective study all patients who underwent uniportal VATS for thoracic surgical emergency cases, between 06/2012 and 09/2017, were included and the data were reviewed retrospectively...
November 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30504516/hybrid-coronary-revascularization-vs-complete-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-for-multivessel-coronary-artery-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Sabrina Nolan, Kristian B Filion, Renee Atallah, Emmanuel Moss, Pauline Reynier, Mark J Eisenberg
BACKGROUND: Hybrid coronary revascularization (HCR) has emerged as a potential alternative to complete coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. However, the efficacy and safety of HCR vs CABG remain unclear. We therefore conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to compare these interventions. METHODS: We systematically searched PubMed, MEDLINE (via Ovid), EMBASE (via Ovid), Cochrane Library of Clinical Trials, and the Web of Science for studies comparing HCR to CABG in patients with multivessel coronary artery disease...
December 2018: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30503743/surgical-treatment-of-right-sided-infective-endocarditis
#14
James C Witten, Syed T Hussain, Nabin K Shrestha, Steven M Gordon, Penny L Houghtaling, Faisal G Bakaeen, Brian Griffin, Eugene H Blackstone, Gösta B Pettersson
OBJECTIVE: Right-sided infective endocarditis is increasing because of increasing prevalence of predisposing conditions, and the role and outcomes of surgery are unclear. We therefore investigated the surgical outcomes for right-sided infective endocarditis. METHODS: From January 2002 to January 2015, 134 adults underwent surgery for right-sided infective endocarditis. Patients were grouped according to predisposing condition. Hospital outcomes, time-related death, and reoperation for infective endocarditis were analyzed...
September 25, 2018: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30502689/postdischarge-long-term-cardiovascular-outcomes-of-intensive-care-unit-survivors-who-developed-dialysis-requiring-acute-kidney-injury-after-cardiac-surgery
#15
Soojin Lee, Sehoon Park, Min Woo Kang, Hai-Won Yoo, Kyungdo Han, Yaerim Kim, Jung Pyo Lee, Kwon Wook Joo, Chun Soo Lim, Yon Su Kim, Hyeongsu Kim, Dong Ki Kim
PURPOSE: Dialysis-requiring acute kidney injury (AKI-D) after cardiac surgery is a major cause of in-hospital mortality. However, the long-term outcome has not been previously examined. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a nationwide, population-based cohort study using the claims data in the Korean National Health Insurance System. Patients who underwent cardiac surgery between 2006 and 2015 were considered. RESULTS: Among 52,983 patients who underwent cardiac surgery, 1261 underwent dialysis postoperatively...
November 24, 2018: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30502311/noninvasive-ventilation-after-thoracoabdominal-aortic-surgery-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Daniela Mamo, Alberto Zangrillo, Luca Cabrini, Carlo Leggieri, Luigi Olper, Fabrizio Monaco, Pasquale Nardelli, Giuseppe Dalessandro, Giuseppe Ponzetta, Giacomo Monti, Giovanni Landoni, Massimiliano Greco
OBJECTIVE: To assess the beneficial effects of noninvasive ventilation in treating postoperative pulmonary complications in patients undergoing thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA) open repair surgery. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: University tertiary-care hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Forty patients who underwent elective TAAA open repair. INTERVENTIONS: Patients were randomized to the "noninvasive ventilation" group, receiving 2-hour cycles of noninvasive ventilation every 8 hours for at least 3 days in addition to the best available postoperative treatment currently in use at the authors' institution versus the "standard" group, not receiving noninvasive ventilation treatment MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: The primary outcome of clinical worsening, described as a composite outcome of need for therapeutic noninvasive ventilation, need for mechanical ventilation owing to respiratory causes, need for intensive care unit admission owing to respiratory causes, and in-hospital mortality, occurred in 2 (11%) patients in the noninvasive ventilation group versus 12 (57%) in the standard group (p = 0...
November 2, 2018: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30499797/a-partially-structured-postoperative-handoff-protocol-improves-communication-in-2-mixed-surgical-intensive-care-units-findings-from-the-handoffs-and-transitions-in-critical-care-hatricc-prospective-cohort-study
#17
Meghan B Lane-Fall, Jose L Pascual, Hannah G Peifer, Laura J Di Taranti, Meredith L Collard, Juliane Jablonski, Jacob T Gutsche, Scott D Halpern, Frances K Barg, Lee A Fleisher
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of standardizing operating room (OR) to intensive care unit (ICU) handoffs in a mixed surgical population. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Standardizing OR to ICU handoffs improves information transfer after cardiac surgery, but there is limited evidence in other surgical contexts. METHODS: This prospective interventional cohort study (NCT02267174) was conducted in 2 surgical ICUs in 2 affiliated hospitals...
November 29, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30498729/surgical-antimicrobial-prophylaxis-in-intensive-care-unit-icu-patients-a-preliminary-observational-retrospective-study
#18
Gary Duclos, Bruno Pastene, Fanny Depeyre, Zoé Meresse, Nadim Cassir, Ignacio Martin-Loeches, Sharon Einav, Laurent Zieleskiewicz, Marc Leone
Background: Surgical antimicrobial prophylaxis (SAP) is supported by evidence-based guidelines. Nevertheless, SAP guidelines do not cover all clinical scenarios. To our knowledge, no information is available regarding SAP in the critically ill patients. We designed a retrospective, observational and preliminary study which the objective was to describe our professional practices in intensive care unit (ICU) patients requiring SAP. Methods: All patients admitted for more than 48 h in the ICU and requiring surgery were retrospectively included from January 1st to December 31, 2016...
October 2018: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30496589/effects-of-red-yeast-rice-prescription-lipocol-fort-on-adverse-outcomes-of-surgery
#19
Ta-Liang Chen, Chun-Chieh Yeh, Chao-Shun Lin, Chun-Chuan Shih, Chien-Chang Liao
Background: The influence of red yeast rice (RYR) on perioperative outcome remains unknown. Aim: We aimed to compare the complications and mortality after surgery between patients treated with and without RYR prescription. Design: In this surgical cohort study of 3.6 million surgical patients who underwent major inpatient surgeries, 2581 patients who used RYR prescription preoperatively were compared with 25,810 non-RYR patients selected by matching for age and sex...
November 28, 2018: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30496419/outcomes-of-nutritional-jejunostomy-in-the-curative-treatment-of-esophageal-cancer
#20
F Klevebro, A Johar, J Lagergren, P Lagergren
Substantial weight loss and eating problems are common before and after esophagectomy for cancer. The use of jejunostomy might prevent postoperative weight loss, but studies evaluating other outcomes are scarce. This study aims to assess the influence of jejunostomy on postoperative health-related quality of life (HRQOL), complications, reoperation, hospital stay, and survival. This prospective and population-based cohort study included all patients operated on for esophageal or gastroesophageal junction cancer in Sweden in 2001-2005 with follow-up until 31st December 2016...
November 28, 2018: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
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