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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140871/hiv-prevalence-and-associated-risk-factors-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-dar-es-salaam-tanzania
#1
Elia John Mmbaga, Kåre Moen, Germana Henry Leyna, Rose Mpembeni, Melkizedeck Thomas Leshabari
INTRODUCTION: Limited studies and differential risk behaviours among men who have sex with men(MSM) in Africa calls for population specific studies. We present results from the largest integrated bio-behavioural survey among MSM in Africa to inform programming. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study utilizing respondent driven sampling to recruit MSM aged 18 and above. Data on socio-demographic characteristics and HIV-related risks were collected and all participants were tested for HIV, Herpes Simplex Virus Type-2 (HSV-2), Hepatitis-B Virus (HBV) and Syphilis...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133803/microbial-diversity-of-genital-ulcers-of-hsv-2-seropositive-women
#2
Supriya D Mehta, Ashish K Pradhan, Stefan J Green, Ankur Naqib, Elijah Odoyo-June, Charlotte A Gaydos, Sheila Barry, Alan Landay, Robert C Bailey
We measured the microbial community structure of genital ulcers in women. Swabs from clinically detected ulcers were tested for HSV-2 and Treponema pallidum by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). HSV-2 and T. pallidum were detected by serum antibody testing. Microbial community structure was characterized by high-throughput 16 s rRNA gene amplicon sequencing. Multiple group testing and Elastic net and Lasso regressions identified taxa associated with differences in factors of interest. Among 49 ulcer specimens from 49 HSV-2 seropositive women, by PCR HSV-2 was recovered from 28 (57%) specimens and T...
November 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132770/-management-of-pregnant-women-with-recurrent-herpes-guidelines-for-clinical-practice-from-the-french-college-of-gynecologists-obstetricians-cngof
#3
O Anselem
OBJECTIVE: To provide guidelines for the management of woman with genital herpes during pregnancy or labor and with known history of genital herpes. METHODS: MedLine and Cochrane Library databases search and review of the main foreign guidelines. RESULTS: Genital herpes ulceration during pregnancy in a woman with history of genital herpes correspond to a recurrence. In this situation, there is no need for virologic confirmation (Grade B). In case of recurrent herpes during pregnancy, antiviral therapy with acyclovir or valacyclovir can be administered but provide low efficiency on duration and severity of symptoms (Grade C)...
November 10, 2017: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132768/pr%C3%A3-vention-et-prise-en-charge-de-l%C3%A2-infection-herp%C3%A3-tique-au-cours-de-la-grossesse-et-de-l%C3%A2-accouchement%C3%A2-recommandations-pour-la-pratique-clinique-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-texte-des-recommandations-texte-court
#4
M-V Sénat, O Anselem, O Picone, L Renesme, N Sananès, C Vauloup-Fellous, Y Sellier, J-P Laplace, L Sentilhes
OBJECTIVE: Identify measures to diagnose, prevent and treat genital herpes infection during pregnancy and childbirth and neonatal infection. METHODS: Bibliographic search from Medline, Cochrane Library databases and research of international clinical practice guidelines. RESULTS: Genital herpes lesion is most often due to HSV2 (LE2). The risk of HSV seroconversion during pregnancy is 1 to 5% (LE2). Genital herpes ulceration during pregnancy in a woman with history of genital herpes corresponds with a recurrence...
November 10, 2017: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096751/lps-induced-src-family-kinases-activity-mediates-il-10-production-through-activation-of-stat3-in-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells-of-patients-with-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease
#5
S Irtegun Kandemir, M A Tekin, M Bozkurt, A Z Dagli, S Kalkanli-Tas
Behçet's disease (BD) is achronic inflammatory disorder characterized by recurrent oral and genital ulcers, uveitis and skin lesions. Although,the pathogenesis of BD remains poorly understood, excessive or dysregulatedcytokine production including IL-10 is associated with BD. Revealing the key molecular mechanism by which IL-10 expression is regulated is crucial to understanding the pathogenesis of BD. The aim of this study was to investigate whether Src family kinases (SFKs) are upstream mediators of STAT3/IL-10 pathway in peripheral blood mono nuclear cells(PBMCs) of active BD patients...
October 31, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095300/rare-esophageal-ulcers-related-to-beh%C3%A3-et-disease-a-case-report
#6
Ning Jia, Yanping Tang, Huayi Liu, Yang Li, Simiao Liu, Lei Liu
RATIONALE: The fundamental pathogenesis of Behçet disease (BD) is still unclear and controversial. Many cases of oral aphthous ulcers and genital ulcers related to BD are reported; nevertheless, idiopathic giant esophageal ulcers related to BD are rare. A rare case for esophageal ulcers related to BD is presented. PATIENT CONCERNS: In China, BD is represented with esophageal involvement which is called esophageal BD (EBD). DIAGNOSES: A 56-year-old man diagnosed to the Gastroenterology Department of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine Hospital, for multiple discrete, elliptical esophageal ulcers related to BD...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093413/effects-of-the-concomitant-use-of-low-dose-clarithromycin-with-an-anti-tnf%C3%AE-antibody-in-a-patient-with-intestinal-bechet-disease
#7
Junichi Iwamoto, Masashi Murakami, Naoki Konishi, Tadakuni Monma, Hajime Ueda, Shoichiro Yara, Takeshi Hirayama, Tadashi Ikegami, Akira Honda, Yasushi Matsuzaki
A 66-year-old Japanese male with a history of Bechet disease exhibited oral and genital ulcers, and a round deep ileocecal ulcer, He was treated with a combination of mesalazine and 20 mg/day of prednisolone (PSL), but was only partially responsive to PSL and we were not able to reduce the steroid dosage. Adalimumab was also administered. However, the ulcer was not completely responsive, and weaning the patient off PSL remained impossible. In contrast, additional treatment with clarithromycin completely healed the refractory active ulcer and left only a scar...
November 1, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082546/a-giant-pseudoaneurysm-of-coronary-artery-in-a-young-patient-with-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease
#8
Lihong Pu, Rongjuan Li, Jinjie Xie, Guowen Liu, Ya Yang
As an uncommon multisystem inflammatory disease, Behçet's syndrome is characterized by mouth and genital ulcers, skin lesions, and eye inflammation, which may also affect joints, blood vessels, central nervous system, or digestive tract. However, the inflammation of coronary artery is relatively rare. We thereby reported a young male of Behçet's syndrome presenting left anterior descending artery pseudoaneurysm with myocardial infarction. Surgical resection was performed with coronary bypass grafting.
October 29, 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029098/genital-granulomatosis-in-male-and-female-patients-with-crohn-s-disease-clinical-presentation-and-treatment-outcomes
#9
F Dederichs, I Iesalnieks, M Sladek, Ch Tzivinikos, R Hansen, C Muñoz, P Pavli, M N Cavicchi, V Abitbol, J-F Rahier, S R Vavricka, K Katsanos, E Domènech
Background: Genital granulomatosis (GG) is a metastatic form of Crohn's Disease (CD), characterized by granulomatous inflammation of the genital skin without contact to the gastrointestinal tract. Little is known about GG as most publications are case reports or small series, and only sporadic in male cases. Methods and Aims: Cases of GG were retrospectively collected through the Collaborative Network For Exceptionally Rare case reports project of the European Crohn´s and Colitis Organization...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026416/right-ventricular-thrombosis-as-a-manifestation-of-beh%C3%A3-et-s-syndrome
#10
Payam Ebrahimifar, Javad Shahabi
BACKGROUND: Behçet's disease (BD) is a rare condition with a classic triad of oral and genital ulceration and eye disease. Cardiovascular complication is a rare finding in BD. CASE REPORT: In this report, we present a seventeen years old patient with a history of fever for 20 days, who developed a clot in right ventricle (RV). Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and echocardiography demonstrated a thrombosis in RV and a thoracic multi detector computed tomographic image showed pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) in patient...
March 2017: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020192/single-dose-azithromycin-for-the-treatment-of-haemophilus-ducreyi-skin-ulcers-in-papua-new-guinea
#11
Camila González-Beiras, August Kapa, Marti Vall Mayans, Raymond Paru, Sergi Gavilán, Wendy Houinei, Sibauk Bieb, Sergi Sanz, Rosario Martíns, Oriol Mitjà
Background: Haemophilus ducreyi (HD) and Treponema pallidum subsp. pertenue (TP) are major causative agents of cutaneous ulcers (CU) in the tropics. Azithromycin is recommended to treat sexually transmitted HD infections and has good in-vitro activity against HD strains from both genital and skin ulcers. We investigated the efficacy of single oral dose azithromycin on HD-CU. Methods: We conducted a community-based cohort study in Lihir Island, Papua New Guinea, from October 2014 through May 2016...
August 16, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017374/prevalence-of-sexually-transmitted-infections-and-their-risk-factors-among-female-sex-workers-in-isfahan-iran-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Maryam Nasirian, Sina Kianersi, Shervin Ghaffari Hoseini, Nazila Kassaian, Majid Yaran, Parisa Shoaei, Behrooz Ataei, Reza Fadaei, Marjan Meshkati, Alireza Emami Naeini, Mojtaba Rostami Jalilian
OBJECTIVES: Female sex workers (FSWs) are at high risk of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and form a core group to facilitate STI spreading. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of STIs among FSWs who attended Female Harm Reduction Center of Isfahan, Iran, and to determine the association between risky behaviors and STIs. STUDY DESIGN: In a cross-sectional study, 99 FSWs were recruited and interviewed about demographic characteristics and risky behaviors. A trained midwife examined FSWs for genital ulcer, abnormal vaginal discharge, and cervicitis...
January 1, 2017: Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978606/sclerokeratouveitis-and-lens-dislocation-in-a-patient-with-genital-ulcer-was-the-great-imitator-imitated
#13
Anubha Rathi, Brijesh Takkar, Namrata Sharma
Uveitis is the most common ocular manifestation of syphilis, while scleritis is rare. A case of nodular scleritis, peripheral keratitis and uveitis in a patient with genital ulcer is presented in this report. This patient had a clinical profile suggestive of syphilis, though the serology was negative for treponemal antibodies. Other possible differential diagnosis imitating syphilis are discussed.
October 4, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968732/clinical-manifestations-of-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease-depending-on-sex-and-age-results-from-japanese-nationwide-registration
#14
Takehito Ishido, Nobuyuki Horita, Masaki Takeuchi, Tatsukata Kawagoe, Etsuko Shibuya, Takahiro Yamane, Takahiko Hayashi, Akira Meguro, Mizuho Ishido, Kaoru Minegishi, Ryusuke Yoshimi, Yohei Kirino, Shingo Kato, Jun Arimoto, Yoshiaki Ishigatsubo, Mitsuhiro Takeno, Michiko Kurosawa, Takeshi Kaneko, Nobuhisa Mizuki
Objective: This report aimed to scrutinize the prevalence of Behçet's disease (BD)-related clinical manifestations based on age- and sex-specific subgroups using a Japanese nationwide registration database. Methods: The database of newly registered BD was obtained from the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare. Patients who met the International Criteria for Behçet's Disease were selected and analysed. Results: Among 6627 International Criteria for Behçet's Disease cases, 2651 (40...
November 1, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958807/biologic-interactions-between-hsv-2-and-hiv-1-and-possible-implications-for-hsv-vaccine-development
#15
Joshua T Schiffer, Sami L Gottlieb
Development of a safe and effective vaccine against herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) has the potential to limit the global burden of HSV-2 infection and disease, including genital ulcer disease and neonatal herpes, and is a global sexual and reproductive health priority. Another important potential benefit of an HSV-2 vaccine would be to decrease HIV infections, as HSV-2 increases the risk of HIV-1 acquisition several-fold. Acute and chronic HSV-2 infection creates ulcerations and draws dendritic cells and activated CD4+ T cells into genital mucosa...
September 25, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954091/beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease-review-with-emphasis-on-dermatological-aspects
#16
REVIEW
Maria Antonieta Rios Scherrer, Vanessa Barreto Rocha, Lucas Campos Garcia
Behçet's disease is a systemic vasculitis characterized by attacks of acute inflammation, which can affect almost every vascularized area of the body. There is a close correlation between the geographical distribution of HLA-B51 and its prevalence. In the etiopathogenesis there are indications of genetic susceptibility associated with environmental influence. Among the involved genes are those that encompass innate and adaptive immunities. Polymorphisms and epistatic interactions in several genes are described, as well as the presence of imbalance lineage between HLA-B51 and A (MICA)...
July 2017: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922959/compliance-to-the-primary-health-care-treatment-guidelines-and-the-essential-medicines-list-in-the-management-of-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-correctional-centres-in-south-africa-findings-and-implications
#17
Tammy B Matsitse, Elvera Helberg, Johanna C Meyer, Brian Godman, Amos Massele, Natalie Schellack
BACKGROUND: The emergence of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a global concern and a growing health crisis. Additionally, evidence has shown that non-compliance to treatment guidelines, especially in the management of communicable diseases such as sexually transmitted infections (STIs), has the potential of further enhancing AMR rates. Data on the extent of these challenges in Primary Health Care (PHC) facilities in correctional centres in South Africa (SA) is limited. Hence this study was conducted to determine the level of compliance with the 2008 PHC Standard Treatment Guidelines and Essential Medicines List (PHC STGs/EML) in the management of STIs, and to identify potential factors contributing to the compliance and non-compliance to guide future strategies...
September 19, 2017: Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916023/beh%C3%A3-et-disease-new-aspects
#18
Isil Bulur, Meltem Onder
Behçet disease is currently considered an "autoinflammatory disease" triggered by infection and environmental factors in genetically predisposed individuals. Although the disease is characterized by recurrent oral and genital aphthous ulcers and ocular involvement, it can affect multiple organ systems. Complex aphthosis is characterized by recurrent oral and/or genital aphthous ulcers. It is important to evaluate the patient with complex aphthosis for Behçet disease and related systemic disorders. We discuss the etiopathogenesis, clinical features, diagnostic criteria, and treatment approaches for complex aphthosis and Behçet disease in light of the current literature...
September 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915309/genital-aphthous-ulcers-and-a-case-of-suspected-chikungunya-a-short-clinical-case
#19
Frances A Martinez-Díaz
Genital aphthous ulcers can result from multiple conditions including febrile syndromes. Chikungunya infection manifests mainly as fever accompanied by polyarthralgia and pruritic rash. Nevertheless, healthcare providers should be alert to additional presentations. This is the case of a young woman presenting with painful genital ulcers after a three day prodome of fever and polyarthralgia. As a suspected case of Chikungunya infection and a clinical diagnosis of aphthae, treatment with oral prednisone for two weeks produced complete resolution of ulcers with no scarring...
September 2017: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876299/utilization-of-sexually-transmitted-infection-services-at-2-health-facilities-targeting-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-south-africa-a-retrospective-analysis-of-operational-data
#20
Kate Rees, Oscar Radebe, Clarissa Arendse, Charlotte Modibedi, Helen E Struthers, James A McIntyre, Remco P H Peters
BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men (MSM) are a key population, particularly vulnerable to sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and HIV, but there are limited data on health programs targeting MSM in Africa. This study aims to describe the utilization of nongovernmental organization-supported sexual health services for MSM at 2 public sector health facilities in Johannesburg, South Africa. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed routine data over the period of January 2014 to June 2016...
December 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
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