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Bronchospasm intubation

Nana Li, Linjia Zhu, Jie Sun, Yinbing Pan, Mei Gao
RATIONALE: Tracheobronchomalacia (TBM) refers to the weakening trachea or the trachea loss of structural integrity of airway cartilaginous structures. It causes tracheal stenosis, resulting in significantly high rates of mortality. Bronchoplasty by high-pressure balloon dilation under general anesthesia is a simple but effective and safe method to treat tracheobronchial stenosis. However, recurrent postoperative dyspnea after extubation due to tracheal collapse is still a challenge for anesthetists...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Mary Ellen Warner, David P Martin, Mark A Warner, Ralitza H Gavrilova, Juraj Sprung, Toby N Weingarten
Background: Angelman syndrome is a rare neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by intellectual disability, severe speech impairment, ataxia, seizures, happy demeanor, distinctive craniofacial features, high vagal tone, and gamma-amino butyric acid receptor abnormalities. The aim of this report is to review our experience of patients with Angelman syndrome undergoing anesthetic management. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed perioperative course of patients with Angelman syndrome who underwent procedures under anesthesia from 2000 to 2016...
October 2017: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
Usman Maqsood, Nehal Patel
We describe a case of near-fatal asthma, treated successfully by initiation of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). A 29-year-old woman, known asthmatic on steroid inhalers, inhaled/nebulised bronchodilators, long-term oral prednisolone, theophylline and montelukast, presented with acute shortness of breath. She deteriorated following initial treatment with nebulised bronchodilators and magnesium sulfate requiring intubation and mechanical ventilation. Severe bronchospasm ensued following mechanical ventilation and peak airway pressures remained at 55 cm H2 O with intrinsic positive end expiratory pressure(PEEP) of 14 cm H2 O...
March 20, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Marten N Basta, John E Fiadjoe, Albert S Woo, Kenneth N Peeples, Oksana A Jackson
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify risk factors for adverse perioperative events (APEs) after cleft palatoplasty to develop an individualized risk assessment tool. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort. SETTING: Tertiary institutional. PATIENTS: Patients younger than 2 years with cleft palate. INTERVENTIONS: Primary Furlow palatoplasty between 2008 and 2011. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Adverse perioperative event, defined as laryngo- or bronchospasm, accidental extubation, reintubation, obstruction, hypoxia, or unplanned intensive care unit admission...
April 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
V Perilli, P Aceto, P Ancona, R De Cicco, D Papanice, S Magalini, G Pepe, V Cozza, D Gui, C Lai, L Sollazzi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the role of surgical setting (urgent vs. elective) and approach (open vs. laparoscopic) in affecting postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) prevalence in patients undergoing abdominal surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: After local Ethical Committee approval, 409 patients who had undergone abdominal surgery between January and December 2014 were included in the final analysis. PPCs were defined as the development of one of the following new findings: respiratory failure, pulmonary infection, aspiration pneumonia, pleural effusion, pneumothorax, atelectasis on chest X-ray, bronchospasm or un-planned urgent re-intubation...
January 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Do-Won Lee, Eun-Soo Kim, Wang-Seok Do, Han-Bit Lee, Eun-Jung Kim, Cheul-Hong Kim
Background: Endotracheal intubation during anesthesia induction may increase airway resistance (Raw ) and decrease dynamic lung compliance (Cdyn ). We hypothesized that prophylactic treatment with a transdermal β2-agonist tulobuterol patch (TP) would help to reduce the risk of bronchospasm after placement of the endotracheal tube. Methods: Eighty-two American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) category I or II adult patients showing obstructive patterns were divided randomly into a control and a TP group (n = 41 each)...
December 2017: Journal of Dental Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
S Praveena Seevaunnamtum, Nazhan Afeef Mohd Ariff Ghazali, Wan Mohd Nazaruddin, Alwi Muhd Besari, N H Nik Fariza, Sanihah Che Omar, Saedah Ali, M Z Rhendra Hardy, Mohd Erham Mat Hassan, N M Nik Abdullah
Endobronchial Tuberculosis is hazardous in causing circumferential narrowing of tracheobronchial tree despite the eradication of tubercle bacilli in the initial insult from Pulmonary Tuberculosis. They may present as treatment resistant bronchial asthma and pose challenge to airway management in the acute setting. We present a 25 year-old lady who was newly diagnosed bronchial asthma with a past history of Pulmonary Tuberculosis that had completed treatment. She presented with sudden onset of difficulty breathing associated with noisy breathing for 3 days and hoarseness of voice for 6 months...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
Abdullah E Laher, Sean K Buchanan
The management of the critically ill patients with asthma can be rather challenging. Potentially devastating complications relating to this presentation include hypoxemia, worsening bronchospasm, pulmonary aspiration, tension pneumothorax, dynamic hyperinflation, hypotension, dysrhythmias, and seizures. In contrast to various other pathologies requiring mechanical ventilation, acute asthma is generally associated with better outcomes. This review serves as a practical guide to the physician managing patients with severe acute asthma requiring mechanical ventilation...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Ségolène Arzalier-Daret, Clément Buléon, Marie-Laure Bocca, Pierre Denise, Jean-Louis Gérard, Jean-Luc Hanouz
BACKGROUND: Sleep deprivation has been associated with an increased incidence of medical errors and can jeopardise patients' safety during medical crisis management. The aim of the study was to assess the effect of sleep deprivation on the management of simulated anaesthesia crisis by residents in anaesthesiology. METHODS: A randomised, comparative, monocentric crossover study involving 48 residents in anaesthesia was performed on a high fidelity patient simulator...
April 2018: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
Michael A Bruno, Tomas Drabek, Mioara D Manole
A previously healthy 7-month-old male infant presented for evaluation of fever, deceased oral intake, and intermittent noisy breathing. Physical examination revealed neck tenderness. Soft tissue neck radiographs and computed tomography (CT) scan supported a diagnosis of retropharyngeal swelling with extension to the superior mediastinum. Surgical exploration was planned, and endotracheal intubation was performed in the operating room. Significant cardiorespiratory derangements developed immediately after the tracheal tube was inserted, including hypotension, hypoxia, and bradycardia with signs of cardiac ischemia...
July 17, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
Christopher Sattler, Franklin Chiao, David Stein, Denise Murphy
A 3-day-old, 2.2-kg former 34-week premature infant with imperforate anus required loop ileostomy surgery. At delivery, the child had respiratory distress. Endotracheal intubation was "confirmed" by detection of exhaled carbon dioxide with a Pedi-Cap (Covidien, Dublin, Ireland) and subsequent chest x-ray. On arrival to the operating room, the pulse oximeter reading was 100% despite a large leak around the endotracheal tube and high-airway pressures. Packing the throat reduced the leak and increased the tidal volume...
July 1, 2017: A & A Case Reports
Marzieh R Honardar, Karen L Posner, Karen B Domino
This retrospective case series analyzed 45 malpractice claims for delayed detection of esophageal intubation from the Anesthesia Closed Claims Project. Inclusion criteria were cases from 1995 to 2013, after adoption of identification of CO2 in expired gas to verify correct endotracheal tube position as a monitoring standard by the American Society of Anesthesiologists. Forty-nine percent (95% confidence interval 34%-64%) occurred in the operating room or other anesthesia location where CO2 detection equipment should have been available...
December 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Taghreed Alshaeri, Deepak Gupta, Ananthamurthy Nagabhushana
Anaphylaxis during anesthesia is uncommon. Diagnosis of peri-anesthesia anaphylaxis (PAA) requires anesthesia providers' vigilance for prompt diagnosis and treatment. In this case report, we present a challenging case with suspected PAA including its perioperative management, intensive care unit (ICU) course, and post-discharge follow-up. A 44-year-old female (body mass index = 26) presented for elective abdominal panniculectomy. Post-intubation, severe bronchospasm occurred that was non-responsive to nebulized albuterol and intravenous epinephrine...
February 2016: Middle East Journal of Anesthesiology
Alba Palacios, Santiago Mencía, Ana M Llorente, Jaime Cruz, Blanca Toledo, Olga Ordóñez, Marta Olmedilla, Jesus Lopez-Herce
OBJECTIVES: To describe the effect of inhaled sevoflurane in the treatment of severe refractory bronchospasm in children. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. SETTING: Two PICUs of tertiary general university hospitals in Spain. PATIENTS: Ten patients ranging from 5 months to 14 years old with severe bronchospasm and acute respiratory failure requiring tracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation and treated with sevoflurane from 2008 to 2015...
August 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Arnaud Potié, Caroline Prégardien, Thierry Pirotte, Xavier Stephenne, Isabelle Scheers, Catherine Wanty, Françoise Smets, Etienne Sokal, Francis Veyckemans
AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the usability and safety of the Explorer Endoscopy Mask(®) (EM) as an alternative to endotracheal intubation in children undergoing elective esogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) under general anesthesia (GA). METHODS: This study was a retrospective observational study. The study was undertaken at the pediatric digestive endoscopy suite in the Cliniques universitaires Saint-Luc, Brussels, Belgium. We retrospectively analyzed the occurrence of minor and major airway-related adverse effects during pediatric EGD procedures performed under GA with the EM between June 2014 and March 2015...
June 2016: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Justin S Liberman, Wade Weigel, Joseph M Neal
The inability to ventilate a patient after successful intubation is a rare but emergent situation and may be caused by obstruction of the endotracheal tube, bilateral tension pneumothorax, esophageal intubation, severe bronchospasm, or mainstem bronchus intubation. We describe an increase in mean airway pressure, inability to ventilate, and loss of cardiac output secondary to a blood clot acting as a ball valve at the end of an endotracheal tube.
May 15, 2016: A & A Case Reports
Kevin Landefeld, Qusai Saleh, Gary E Sander
Introduction. Stress cardiomyopathy, or takotsubo cardiomyopathy, is an acute, reversible left ventricular dysfunction usually initiated by a psychological or physical stress. We report this case of stress cardiomyopathy following a chronic obstructive pulmonary disease exacerbation and the subsequent treatment. Case Description. A 49-year-old white female with a history of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease presented to the emergency room via emergency medical services with worsening severe shortness of breath and productive cough for 2 weeks but denied any chest pain on arrival...
October 2015: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
Dzenita Ahmetasevic, Emir Ahmetasevic, Selmira Brkic, Seid Fazlagic, Jasmin Hasanovic
INTRODUCTION: Obesity in children is becoming from year to year enormous medical and socio-epidemilogical problem according to increasing number of overweight and obese children. Overweight and obesity in children mostly affects on cardiovascular, respiratory and endocrine system disturbances. Adenoidectomy and adenotonsillectomy belong to group of most often done operation in children population. Anesthesiology complications during adenodecotomy and adenotonsillectomy in children are known as very disturbing and dramatic...
December 2015: Materia Socio-medica
Erin B Owen, Charles R Woods, Justine A O'Flynn, Megan C Boone, Aaron W Calhoun, Vicki L Montgomery
BACKGROUND: Endotracheal tube suctioning is necessary for patients receiving mechanical ventilation. Studies examining saline instillation before suctioning have demonstrated mixed results. METHODS: A prospective study to evaluate whether saline instillation is associated with an increased risk of suctioning-related adverse events in patients 18 years old or younger requiring mechanical ventilation through an endotracheal tube for at least 48 hours when suctioned per protocol using a bedside decision tree...
February 2016: Critical Care Nurse
Kwang Ho Lee, Hyun Kyo Lim, Ji Hyoung Park, Hye Jin Do, Yeong Gwan Jeon
Although uncommon, anaphylactic reactions during surgery are very dangerous and can result in serious morbidity. Various anesthetics can trigger anaphylactic reactions, and incidents with cephalosporin antibiotics are on the rise. In the case presented, an 84-year-old woman scheduled for calcaneus fracture surgery, was injected with cefbuperazone as a prophylactic antibiotic. On the way to the operating room, before induction of anesthesia, the patient lost consciousness and showed signs of hypoxemia, and anaphylactic reaction, which included hypotension, bronchospasm, and rash...
March 2015: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
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