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Bronchospasm intubation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30286153/incidence-and-outcome-of-weaning-from-mechanical-ventilation-in-medical-wards-at-thammasat-university-hospital
#1
Narongkorn Saiphoklang, Jeerayuth Auttajaroon
BACKGROUND: Weaning from mechanical ventilation is classified as simple, difficult, or prolonged according to weaning process. Theoretically, simple weaning group usually has better clinical outcomes than non-simple group; however, the results of previous studies were still inconsistent. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to determine the incidence, predictors, and outcomes of ventilator weaning and causes of weaning failure. METHODS: A prospective observational study was performed between June and December 2013 in all patients (n = 164) who required mechanical ventilation with endotracheal intubation in medical wards at Thammasat University Hospital, Thailand...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30242857/latest-news-on-relationship-between-thunderstorms-and-respiratory-allergy-severe-asthma-and-deaths-for-asthma
#2
EDITORIAL
Gennaro D'Amato, Isabella Annesi-Maesano, Lorenzo Cecchi, Maria D'Amato
Thunderstorm asthma (TA) refers to the sudden increase of acute bronchospasm following a storm during pollen seasons, necessitating primary care facilities by general practioner (GP) visits, Emergency Department (ED) admissions and hospitalizations, sometimes also endotracheal intubation for severe asthma and near fatal asthma (NFA). In the scientific literature, there are descriptions of epidemics of TA in various geographical areas of the world (1-8) and climate change scenarios indicate there will be an increase in the intensity and frequency of heavy rainfall episodes, including thunderstorms, in all the world...
September 22, 2018: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30166575/general-anesthesia-with-the-use-of-supreme-laryngeal-mask-airway-for-emergency-cesarean-delivery-a-retrospective-analysis-of-1039-parturients
#3
Xiaobin Fang, Quansheng Xiao, Qianling Xie, Ren Liao, Tao Zhu, Shiyang Li, Zhenyan Bo
In comparison to elective cesarean delivery, emergency cesarean delivery under endotracheal intubation is associated with higher risk of life-threatening airway problems. In this retrospective study, we evaluate the efficacy and feasibility of using SUPREME laryngeal mask airway (SLMA) in emergency cesarean delivery under general anesthesia (GA). The study included a total of 1039 paturients undergoing emergency cesarean delivery under GA with SLMA from January 2015 to December 2015 at Quanzhou Children's and Women's Hospital...
August 30, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30140536/do-difficult-airway-techniques-predispose-obese-patients-to-bronchospasm
#4
Polyhronis Ieropoulos, Vassilios Tassoudis, Nick Ntafoulis, Ioanna Mimitou, George Vretzakis, George Tzovaras, Dimitrios Zacharoulis, Menelaos Karanikolas
Objective: The existing evidence separately correlates morbid obesity with difficult intubation and bronchospasm. However, there is a lack of data on whether anaesthesia provider manipulations during difficult intubation contribute to an increased ratio of bronchospasm in these patients. Methods: This is a retrospective analysis of data prospectively taken from 50 morbidly obese patients involved in a previously published study. A possible difficult intubation was preoperatively investigated by recording the following specific physical examination indices: Mallampati and Cormack-Lehane (CL) classifications, cervical spine mobility (CSM), thyromental distance (Td) and patients' ability to open their mouth (mouth opening)...
August 2018: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29851818/difficulty-in-tracheal-extubation-followed-by-tracheal-collapse-after-balloon-dilatation-for-tracheal-stenosis-therapy-a-case-report
#5
Nana Li, Linjia Zhu, Jie Sun, Yinbing Pan, Mei Gao
RATIONALE: Tracheobronchomalacia (TBM) refers to the weakening trachea or the trachea loss of structural integrity of airway cartilaginous structures. It causes tracheal stenosis, resulting in significantly high rates of mortality. Bronchoplasty by high-pressure balloon dilation under general anesthesia is a simple but effective and safe method to treat tracheobronchial stenosis. However, recurrent postoperative dyspnea after extubation due to tracheal collapse is still a challenge for anesthetists...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696118/anesthetic-considerations-for-angelman-syndrome-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
Mary Ellen Warner, David P Martin, Mark A Warner, Ralitza H Gavrilova, Juraj Sprung, Toby N Weingarten
Background: Angelman syndrome is a rare neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by intellectual disability, severe speech impairment, ataxia, seizures, happy demeanor, distinctive craniofacial features, high vagal tone, and gamma-amino butyric acid receptor abnormalities. The aim of this report is to review our experience of patients with Angelman syndrome undergoing anesthetic management. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed perioperative course of patients with Angelman syndrome who underwent procedures under anesthesia from 2000 to 2016...
October 2017: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559484/extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-ecmo-for-near-fatal-asthma-refractory-to-conventional-ventilation
#7
Usman Maqsood, Nehal Patel
We describe a case of near-fatal asthma, treated successfully by initiation of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). A 29-year-old woman, known asthmatic on steroid inhalers, inhaled/nebulised bronchodilators, long-term oral prednisolone, theophylline and montelukast, presented with acute shortness of breath. She deteriorated following initial treatment with nebulised bronchodilators and magnesium sulfate requiring intubation and mechanical ventilation. Severe bronchospasm ensued following mechanical ventilation and peak airway pressures remained at 55 cm H2 O with intrinsic positive end expiratory pressure(PEEP) of 14 cm H2 O...
March 20, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554444/predicting-adverse-perioperative-events-in-patients-undergoing-primary-cleft-palate-repair
#8
Marten N Basta, John E Fiadjoe, Albert S Woo, Kenneth N Peeples, Oksana A Jackson
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify risk factors for adverse perioperative events (APEs) after cleft palatoplasty to develop an individualized risk assessment tool. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort. SETTING: Tertiary institutional. PATIENTS: Patients younger than 2 years with cleft palate. INTERVENTIONS: Primary Furlow palatoplasty between 2008 and 2011. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Adverse perioperative event, defined as laryngo- or bronchospasm, accidental extubation, reintubation, obstruction, hypoxia, or unplanned intensive care unit admission...
April 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424916/role-of-surgical-setting-and-patients-related-factors-in-predicting-the-occurrence-of-postoperative-pulmonary-complications-after-abdominal-surgery
#9
V Perilli, P Aceto, P Ancona, R De Cicco, D Papanice, S Magalini, G Pepe, V Cozza, D Gui, C Lai, L Sollazzi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the role of surgical setting (urgent vs. elective) and approach (open vs. laparoscopic) in affecting postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) prevalence in patients undergoing abdominal surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: After local Ethical Committee approval, 409 patients who had undergone abdominal surgery between January and December 2014 were included in the final analysis. PPCs were defined as the development of one of the following new findings: respiratory failure, pulmonary infection, aspiration pneumonia, pleural effusion, pneumothorax, atelectasis on chest X-ray, bronchospasm or un-planned urgent re-intubation...
January 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349348/the-effect-of-tulobuterol-patches-on-the-respiratory-system-after-endotracheal-intubation
#10
Do-Won Lee, Eun-Soo Kim, Wang-Seok Do, Han-Bit Lee, Eun-Jung Kim, Cheul-Hong Kim
Background: Endotracheal intubation during anesthesia induction may increase airway resistance (Raw ) and decrease dynamic lung compliance (Cdyn ). We hypothesized that prophylactic treatment with a transdermal β2-agonist tulobuterol patch (TP) would help to reduce the risk of bronchospasm after placement of the endotracheal tube. Methods: Eighty-two American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) category I or II adult patients showing obstructive patterns were divided randomly into a control and a TP group (n = 41 each)...
December 2017: Journal of Dental Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159029/case-report-unusual-cause-of-difficulty-in-intubation-and-ventilation-with-asthmatic-like-presentation-of-endobronchial-tuberculosis
#11
S Praveena Seevaunnamtum, Nazhan Afeef Mohd Ariff Ghazali, Wan Mohd Nazaruddin, Alwi Muhd Besari, N H Nik Fariza, Sanihah Che Omar, Saedah Ali, M Z Rhendra Hardy, Mohd Erham Mat Hassan, N M Nik Abdullah
Endobronchial Tuberculosis is hazardous in causing circumferential narrowing of tracheobronchial tree despite the eradication of tubercle bacilli in the initial insult from Pulmonary Tuberculosis. They may present as treatment resistant bronchial asthma and pose challenge to airway management in the acute setting. We present a 25 year-old lady who was newly diagnosed bronchial asthma with a past history of Pulmonary Tuberculosis that had completed treatment. She presented with sudden onset of difficulty breathing associated with noisy breathing for 3 days and hoarseness of voice for 6 months...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105540/mechanically-ventilating-the-severe-asthmatic
#12
Abdullah E Laher, Sean K Buchanan
The management of the critically ill patients with asthma can be rather challenging. Potentially devastating complications relating to this presentation include hypoxemia, worsening bronchospasm, pulmonary aspiration, tension pneumothorax, dynamic hyperinflation, hypotension, dysrhythmias, and seizures. In contrast to various other pathologies requiring mechanical ventilation, acute asthma is generally associated with better outcomes. This review serves as a practical guide to the physician managing patients with severe acute asthma requiring mechanical ventilation...
September 2018: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882740/effect-of-sleep-deprivation-after-a-night-shift-duty-on-simulated-crisis-management-by-residents-in-anaesthesia-a-randomised-crossover-study
#13
Ségolène Arzalier-Daret, Clément Buléon, Marie-Laure Bocca, Pierre Denise, Jean-Louis Gérard, Jean-Luc Hanouz
BACKGROUND: Sleep deprivation has been associated with an increased incidence of medical errors and can jeopardise patients' safety during medical crisis management. The aim of the study was to assess the effect of sleep deprivation on the management of simulated anaesthesia crisis by residents in anaesthesiology. METHODS: A randomised, comparative, monocentric crossover study involving 48 residents in anaesthesia was performed on a high fidelity patient simulator...
April 2018: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719483/difficult-intubation-and-ventilation-in-an-infant-with-retropharyngeal-abscess-with-mediastinal-extension
#14
Michael A Bruno, Tomas Drabek, Mioara D Manole
A previously healthy 7-month-old male infant presented for evaluation of fever, deceased oral intake, and intermittent noisy breathing. Physical examination revealed neck tenderness. Soft tissue neck radiographs and computed tomography (CT) scan supported a diagnosis of retropharyngeal swelling with extension to the superior mediastinum. Surgical exploration was planned, and endotracheal intubation was performed in the operating room. Significant cardiorespiratory derangements developed immediately after the tracheal tube was inserted, including hypotension, hypoxia, and bradycardia with signs of cardiac ischemia...
July 17, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410262/life-saving-esophageal-intubation-in-neonate-with-undiagnosed-tracheal-agenesis-a-case-report
#15
Christopher Sattler, Franklin Chiao, David Stein, Denise Murphy
A 3-day-old, 2.2-kg former 34-week premature infant with imperforate anus required loop ileostomy surgery. At delivery, the child had respiratory distress. Endotracheal intubation was "confirmed" by detection of exhaled carbon dioxide with a Pedi-Cap (Covidien, Dublin, Ireland) and subsequent chest x-ray. On arrival to the operating room, the pulse oximeter reading was 100% despite a large leak around the endotracheal tube and high-airway pressures. Packing the throat reduced the leak and increased the tidal volume...
July 1, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207593/delayed-detection-of-esophageal-intubation-in-anesthesia-malpractice-claims-brief-report-of-a-case-series
#16
Marzieh R Honardar, Karen L Posner, Karen B Domino
This retrospective case series analyzed 45 malpractice claims for delayed detection of esophageal intubation from the Anesthesia Closed Claims Project. Inclusion criteria were cases from 1995 to 2013, after adoption of identification of CO2 in expired gas to verify correct endotracheal tube position as a monitoring standard by the American Society of Anesthesiologists. Forty-nine percent (95% confidence interval 34%-64%) occurred in the operating room or other anesthesia location where CO2 detection equipment should have been available...
December 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27382817/peri-anesthesia-anaphylaxis-paa-we-still-have-not-started-post-paa-testing-for-inciting-anesthesia-related-allergens
#17
Taghreed Alshaeri, Deepak Gupta, Ananthamurthy Nagabhushana
Anaphylaxis during anesthesia is uncommon. Diagnosis of peri-anesthesia anaphylaxis (PAA) requires anesthesia providers' vigilance for prompt diagnosis and treatment. In this case report, we present a challenging case with suspected PAA including its perioperative management, intensive care unit (ICU) course, and post-discharge follow-up. A 44-year-old female (body mass index = 26) presented for elective abdominal panniculectomy. Post-intubation, severe bronchospasm occurred that was non-responsive to nebulized albuterol and intravenous epinephrine...
February 2016: Middle East Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27362849/sevoflurane-therapy-for-severe-refractory-bronchospasm-in-children
#18
Alba Palacios, Santiago Mencía, Ana M Llorente, Jaime Cruz, Blanca Toledo, Olga Ordóñez, Marta Olmedilla, Jesus Lopez-Herce
OBJECTIVES: To describe the effect of inhaled sevoflurane in the treatment of severe refractory bronchospasm in children. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. SETTING: Two PICUs of tertiary general university hospitals in Spain. PATIENTS: Ten patients ranging from 5 months to 14 years old with severe bronchospasm and acute respiratory failure requiring tracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation and treated with sevoflurane from 2008 to 2015...
August 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27111823/evaluation-of-the-explorer-endoscopy-mask-%C3%A2-for-esogastroduodenoscopy-in-children-a-retrospective-study-of-173-cases
#19
Arnaud Potié, Caroline Prégardien, Thierry Pirotte, Xavier Stephenne, Isabelle Scheers, Catherine Wanty, Françoise Smets, Etienne Sokal, Francis Veyckemans
AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the usability and safety of the Explorer Endoscopy Mask(®) (EM) as an alternative to endotracheal intubation in children undergoing elective esogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) under general anesthesia (GA). METHODS: This study was a retrospective observational study. The study was undertaken at the pediatric digestive endoscopy suite in the Cliniques universitaires Saint-Luc, Brussels, Belgium. We retrospectively analyzed the occurrence of minor and major airway-related adverse effects during pediatric EGD procedures performed under GA with the EM between June 2014 and March 2015...
June 2016: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26934604/difficult-ventilation-after-successful-intubation-in-the-emergency-setting-due-to-a-ball-valve-clot
#20
Justin S Liberman, Wade Weigel, Joseph M Neal
The inability to ventilate a patient after successful intubation is a rare but emergent situation and may be caused by obstruction of the endotracheal tube, bilateral tension pneumothorax, esophageal intubation, severe bronchospasm, or mainstem bronchus intubation. We describe an increase in mean airway pressure, inability to ventilate, and loss of cardiac output secondary to a blood clot acting as a ball valve at the end of an endotracheal tube.
May 15, 2016: A & A Case Reports
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