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Jun-Yu Chen, Zhi-Ling Wang, Zhao-Yang Wang, Xing-Sheng Yang
The aim of this study was to illuminate risks factors of residual lesions, and recurrence of the high-grade cervical intraepithelial lesions (HSIL) patients with positive margin who underwent cervical conization.A retrospective cohort study of 218 patients with positive margin after conization, including cold knife conization (CKC) and loop electrosurgical excisional procedure (LEEP), and follow-up from 2013 through 2016. The diagnosis of residual disease and recurrence were established and confirmed by biopsy...
October 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Keiko Kigure, Kazuto Nakamura, Yoshikazu Kitahara, Kohshiro Nakao, Takashi Hirakawa, Shunichi Rokukawa, Masahiro Ito, Toshio Nishimura, Ikuro Ito, Issei Kagami, Shunichi Itoga
The incidence of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia(CIN) among reproductive-aged women has increased in Japan. Cervical conization is commonly applied for local cervical treatment to preserve fertility. The Shimodaira-Taniguchi (S-T) conization procedure is widely used in Japan. S-T conization uses a high-frequency current and a triangular probe with a linear excision electrode to remove cervical tissue as a single informative specimen. However, alternative of an electrosurgical scalpel (ES) has the advantage of adjusting the surgical margin to the transformation zone in order to preserve the maximum amount of healthy cervical tissue with good hemostasis...
October 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Rosa Oncins Torres, Mª Ángeles Aragón Sanz, Eduardo Clemente Roldán, Mª Dolores Comes García, Gorka Muñiz Unamunzaga, Lorena Guardia Dodorico, Víctor Vallés Gallego
OBJECTIVE: Uterine Cervical Cancer (UCC) screening has changed with the introduction of the High Risk Human Papilloma Virus test (HRHPV) and its evaluation is necessary. The objective of this study is to analyze the effectiveness of UCC screening with activities aimed at early detection and treatment to modify the natural history of the process and improve its prognosis. METHODS: Cytology and HR-HPV (co-testing) were performed according to the SEGO protocol of 2010 between 2011 and 2015 with follow-up until 2017...
October 2, 2018: Revista Española de Salud Pública
Munetoshi Akazawa, Toshiaki Saito, Masao Okadome, Kazuya Ariyoshi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the outcomes associated with the use of a novel monopolar scalpel with those associated with the use of an ultrasonic scalpel for cervical conization of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cross-sectional study in patients treated in our institute between April 2010 and March 2017. We used either the VIO monopolar scalpel (VIO) or Harmonic ultrasonic scalpel (HS) for cervical conization...
September 26, 2018: Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
Katsufumi Otsuki, Satoshi Ando, Takeshi Nishi, Masatoshi Jimbo
Transvaginal cervicoisthmic cerclage was carried out in 12 such patients who were at high-risk of premature delivery. Patients who underwent transvaginal cervicoisthmic cerclage had undergone conization, cervical radical hysterectomy or another form of extensive cervical resection, or had a history of third-trimester miscarriage or premature delivery despite having previously undergone cervical cerclage several times for cervical incompetence. There were seven cases of pregnancy after extensive conization, and four had a history of failed cervical cerclage...
September 6, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Maarit K Leinonen, Svenn A Hansen, Gry Baadstrand Skare, Inger Berit Skaaret, Monica Silva, Tom Børge Johannesen, Mari Nygård
BACKGROUND: Accurate information about treatment is needed to evaluate cervical cancer prevention efforts. We studied completeness and validity of reporting cervical treatments in the Cancer Registry of Norway (CRN). MATERIAL AND METHODS: We identified 47,423 (92%) high-grade cervical dysplasia patients with and 3983 (8%) without recorded treatment in the CRN in 1998-2013. We linked the latter group to the nationwide registry of hospital discharges in 1998-2015...
August 31, 2018: Acta Oncologica
Shinichi Togami, Toshihiko Kawamura, Mika Fukuda, Shintaro Yanazume, Masaki Kamio, Hiroaki Kobayashi
OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinicopathological characteristics and clinical management of patients diagnosed with mullerian adenosarcoma of the uterine cervix. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Records of six patients surgically treated for cervical mullerian adenosarcoma were reviewed. RESULTS: The median age of the patients was 50 years (range, 17-74). Four patients presented with vaginal bleeding and two of them had watery discharge as the primary symptoms...
August 2018: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
Judith Heinzler, Janina Brucker, Thomas Bruckner, Christine Dinkic, Janine Hoffmann, Nadja Dornhöfer, Stephan Seitz, Christof Sohn, Joachim Rom, Timm C Schott, Sarah Schott
PURPOSE: In this case-control study, the impact on quality of life and sexual function in women with cervical dysplasia and conization will be evaluated, in order to address coping with such a premalignant lesion and to improve strategies for salutogenesis. METHODS: This multicenter case-control study evaluates women at special dysplasia outpatient clinic (T1) as well as 3 (T2) and 6 (T3) months after the diagnosis of a dysplasia. The women were subgrouped upon dysplasia only (S2) or dysplasia with conization (S1)...
October 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Jill H Tseng, Alessia Aloisi, Yukio Sonoda, Ginger J Gardner, Oliver Zivanovic, Nadeem R Abu-Rustum, Mario M Leitao
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate oncologic outcomes of women with stage IB1 cervical cancer treated with uterine-preserving surgery (UPS) (defined as conization or trachelectomy) versus non-UPS (defined as hysterectomy of any type). METHODS: The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database was used to identify women younger than 45 years diagnosed with stage IB1 cervical cancer from 1998 to 2012. Only those who underwent lymph node (LN) assessment were included...
September 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
Joël Fokom Domgue, Kathleen M Schmeler
Recent advances in screening and early diagnosis have decreased cervical cancer incidence and mortality rates in high-resource settings. The postponement of childbearing, combined with an increased number of cervical cancer survivors, has yielded new paradigms in patient care. In recent years, radical surgery has been challenged as the standard of care for early-stage cervical cancer owing to its significant morbidity and fertility impairment. Attention has been directed to assessing more conservative procedures that can reduce treatment-induced morbidity without compromising oncologic safety and reproductive potential of patients with early-stage disease...
June 28, 2018: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Yuyeon Jung, Ah Ra Lee, Sung-Jong Lee, Yong Seok Lee, Dong Choon Park, Eun Kyung Park
Objective: This study aimed to determine the factors affecting pathologic discrepancy and final diagnosis between colposcopic biopsy and pathology by loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP). Methods: Between 2004 and 2016, 1,200 patients who underwent LEEP were enrolled for this study. 667 underwent cervical cytology, human papillomavirus (HPV) test, colposcopic biopsy, and LEEP. We analyzed patient's age, menopausal status, number of delivery, abortion times, cervical cytology, number of punch biopsies, HPV type, LEEP, and interval between colposcopic biopsy and LEEP...
July 2018: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
Geum Joon Cho, Yung-Taek Ouh, Log Young Kim, Tae-Seon Lee, Geun U Park, Ki Hoon Ahn, Soon-Cheol Hong, Min-Jeong Oh, Hai-Joong Kim
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of cerclage in women who underwent cervical conization. METHODS: Study data were collected from the Korea National Health Insurance Claims Database of the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service for 2009-2013. Women who had a conization in 2009 and a subsequent first delivery between 2009 and 2013 in Korea were enrolled. RESULTS: Among the women who had conization in 2009, 1075 women had their first delivery between 2009 and 2013...
July 3, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Lukas Dostalek, Elisabeth Åvall-Lundqvist, Carien L Creutzberg, Dina Kurdiani, Jordi Ponce, Iva Dostalkova, David Cibula
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this survey was to acquire an overview of the current management of cervical cancer with an emphasis on the early disease stages. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A hyperlink to the survey was sent to the European Society of Gynaecological Oncology Office database. The survey contained 6 groups of questions regarding the characteristics of respondents, pretreatment workup, management of the early stages of cervical cancer, adjuvant treatment, fertility-sparing treatment, and surveillance...
July 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
Jill H Tseng, Alessia Aloisi, Yukio Sonoda, Ginger J Gardner, Oliver Zivanovic, Nadeem R Abu-Rustum, Mario M Leitao
BACKGROUND: Standard surgical treatment for women with stage IB1 cervical cancer consists of radical hysterectomy. This study assesses survival outcomes of those treated with less radical surgery (LRS; conization, trachelectomy, simple hysterectomy) compared to more radical surgery (MRS; modified radical, radical hysterectomy). METHODS: Using the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results database, we identified women <45 years with FIGO stage IB1 cervical cancer diagnosed from 1/1998 to 12/2012...
July 2018: Gynecologic Oncology
Chalaithorn Nantasupha, Kittipat Charoenkwan
OBJECTIVE: To determine factors affecting voiding recovery on the day of Foley catheter removal (postoperative day 7, POD7) after nerve-sparing radical hysterectomy (NSRH) for early-stage cervical cancer. METHODS: Early-stage cervical cancer patients, who underwent type C1 radical hysterectomy between January 2006 and June 2016 were included. Clinical and pathological data were reviewed. Association between inability to attain adequate voiding function on POD7 and potential predicting factors were evaluated in univariate and multivariate analysis...
July 2018: Journal of Gynecologic Oncology
Yi Jou Tai, Yun Yuan Chen, Huang Cheng Hsu, Chun Ju Chiang, San Lin You, Chi An Chen, Wen Fang Cheng
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the progression risk of atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASCUS) with different clinical managements. METHODS: Women with their first diagnosis of ASCUS cytology were retrieved from the national cervical cancer screening database and linked to the national health insurance research database to identify the management of these women. The incidences of developing cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 3 and invasive cervical cancer (CIN3+) were calculated, and the hazard ratios (HRs) were estimated using a Cox proportional hazards model...
July 2018: Journal of Gynecologic Oncology
U Chul Ju, Woo Dae Kang, Seok Mo Kim
OBJECTIVE: Because villoglandular adenocarcinoma (VGA) of the uterine cervix has favorable features and outcomes, patients receive less radical surgery and young women preserve their ovaries. We aimed to evaluate the clinicopathological features and outcomes of VGA and to see if the ovarian preservation is safe in young women with VGA. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed medical records and identified patients with VGA, who had been treated and followed from January 2004 to December 2015...
July 2018: Journal of Gynecologic Oncology
Mikio Mikami, Masae Ikeda, Hidetaka Sato, Haruko Iwase, Takayuki Enomoto, Yoichi Kobayashi, Hidetaka Katabuchi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical efficiency of identifying patients with suspicious severe lesions by conization among prediagnosed cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) 1 and 2 patients in Japan. METHODS: The data in a Japanese nation-wide registry for cervical cancer (2009 and 2011) was collected to analyze the clinical efficacy of pre- and postdiagnosis for 13,215 Japanese women who underwent treatment by conization. Their preoperative and postoperative histologic findings and clinical outcomes were evaluated using standard statistical procedures including clinical and demographic characteristics...
July 2018: Journal of Gynecologic Oncology
Aiping Fan, Chen Wang, Cha Han, Yingmei Wang, Fengxia Xue, Liqin Zhang
To identify factors for predicting residual or recurrent cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) after cervical conization with negative margins. A total of 172 patients with histologically verified high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions who underwent conization with negative margins were recruited at the General Hospital of Tianjin Medical University from December 2006 to January 2016. Follow-up comprised clinical examination, a liquid-based cytology test, a human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA genotyping test, colposcopy assessment, and if indicated, colposcopy-directed punch biopsy...
September 2018: Journal of Medical Virology
D Schmidt
Of the numerous aspects involved in the diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up of cervical uterine precursor lesions, epidemiology, virology, cytology, human papillomavirus (HPV) testing, and diagnostic algorithms for equivocal and HPV-positive findings are important for pathologists. Cytology will continue to be used as a preventive medical check-up in young women, while HPV-based screening is suggested for older women. HPV screening has yielded a significant reduction in cancer precursors and invasive cervical carcinoma in numerous studies...
May 2018: Der Pathologe
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