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Pericardial diseases children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30315893/identification-of-sparganosis-based-on-next-generation-sequencing
#1
Bailu Du, Yue Tao, Jing Ma, Xing Weng, Yanping Gong, Yang Lin, Nan Shen, Xi Mo, Qing Cao
The incidence of sparganosis, a parasitic disease caused by plerocercoid larvae of the genus Spirometra, has gradually risen worldwide (especially in remote areas) in recent years. Pulmonary and pleural sparganosis, as well as other sites of infestation, including the subcutaneous tissues, the abdominal viscera, brain and eyes, has been reported. In clinical practice, due to the atypical signs and symptoms and limited laboratory approaches for the specific detection of sparganum, sparganosis is often misdiagnosed...
October 10, 2018: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30315340/incidence-of-echocardiographic-abnormalities-following-pediatric-svt-ablation-comparison-of-cases-utilizing-fluoroscopy-alone-to-cases-with-adjunctive-3d-electroanatomic-mapping
#2
Ari J Gartenberg, Robert H Pass, Scott Ceresnak, Lynn Nappo, Christopher M Janson
There are few data on the incidence of echocardiographic (echo) abnormalities following catheter ablation in children in the era of 3D mapping. Wide practice variation exists regarding routine post-ablation echo. We hypothesized a low incidence of clinically significant echo abnormalities following SVT ablation in otherwise healthy children. Single center data from 2009 to 2015 were reviewed; routine post-ablation echo was standard practice. Cases were categorized as utilizing fluoroscopy alone (FLUORO) or 3D mapping with a low fluoroscopic protocol (CARTO3)...
October 12, 2018: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30050614/the-burden-of-rheumatic-heart-disease-among-children-in-lagos-how-are-we-fairing
#3
Barakat Adeola Animasahun, Akpoembele Deborah Madise Wobo, Adejumoke Yemisi Itiola, Motunrayo Oluwabukola Adekunle, Olusola Yejide Kusimo, Fidelia Bode Thomas
Introduction: Rheumatic heart disease still remains a cause of morbidity and mortality in low and middle income countries, despite its eradication in developed societies. The study aimed to document the features of children with rheumatic heart disease using clinical evaluation and echocardiography and compare it with reports from other part of the country. Methods: A review of a prospectively collected data of patients with rheumatic heart disease who had echocardiography done from April 2007-Dec 2016...
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30022622/interstage-outcomes-in-single-ventricle-patients-undergoing-hybrid-stage-1-palliation
#4
Janet M Simsic, Christina Phelps, Kristin Kirchner, Kirby-Rose Carpenito, Robin Allen, Holly Miller-Tate, Karen Texter, Mark Galantowicz
OBJECTIVE: Interstage readmissions are common in infants with single ventricle congenital heart disease undergoing staged surgical palliation. We retrospectively examined readmissions during the interstage period. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. SETTING: The Heart Center at Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, Ohio. PATIENTS: Newborns undergoing hybrid stage 1 palliation from January 2012 to December 2016 who survived to hospital discharge and were followed at our institution...
July 18, 2018: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30021610/kawasaki-disease-abnormal-initial-echocardiogram-is-associated-with-resistance-to-iv-ig-and-development-of-coronary-artery-lesions
#5
Dima Chbeir, Jean Gaschignard, Ronan Bonnefoy, Constance Beyler, Isabelle Melki, Albert Faye, Ulrich Meinzer
BACKGROUND: Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute febrile systemic vasculitis that affects small and medium blood vessels. Intensified treatments for the most severely affected patients have been proposed recently, and the early identification of KD patients at high risk for coronary artery aneurysms (CAA) is crucial. However, the risk scoring systems developed in Japan have not been validated in European populations, and little data is available concerning the link between initial echocardiogram findings other than high z-scores and cardiac prognosis...
July 18, 2018: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29945929/minimally-invasive-implantation-of-a-micropacemaker-into-the-pericardial-space
#6
Yaniv Bar-Cohen, Michael J Silka, Allison C Hill, Jay D Pruetz, Ramen H Chmait, Li Zhou, Sara M Rabin, Viktoria Norekyan, Gerald E Loeb
BACKGROUND: Permanent cardiac pacemakers require invasive procedures with complications often related to long pacemaker leads. We are developing a percutaneous pacemaker for implantation of an entire pacing system into the pericardial space. METHODS: Percutaneous micropacemaker implantations were performed in 6 pigs (27.4-34.1 kg) using subxyphoid access to the pericardial space. Modifications in the implantation methods and hardware were made after each experiment as the insertion method was optimized...
July 2018: Circulation. Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29851812/diagnostic-challenges-of-celiac-disease-in-a-young-child-a-case-report-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#7
REVIEW
Cristina Oana Mărginean, Lorena Elena Meliţ, Vlăduţ Stefănuţ Săsăran, Cristian Dan Mărginean, Maria Oana Mărginean
RATIONALE: Celiac disease is a chronic, immune-mediated, multiorgan disorder that affects susceptible individuals, and it is triggered by gluten and other prolamins. PATIENT CONCERNS: We present the case of a 1-year-old male child, with a history of idiopathic pericardial effusion, admitted in our clinic for severe abdominal bloating, irritability, loss of appetite and intermittent diarrheic stools. The clinical findings were: influenced general status, irritability, distended abdomen, and diffuse abdominal tenderness...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650328/-cardiac-manifestations-in-the-acute-phase-of-kawasaki-disease-in-a-third-level-children-s-hospital-in-mexico-city
#8
Luis Martín Garrido-García, Rocío Alejandra Peña-Juárez, Marco Antonio Yamazaki-Nakashimada
OBJECTIVES: To describe the cardiac manifestations in the acute phase of patients with Kawasaki disease treated in a third level Children's hospital in Mexico City, Mexico. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in patients with a diagnosis of Kawasaki disease treated in this hospital from August 1995 to December 2016. Information included patient demographics, clinical features, treatment used, electrocardiographic findings, extra-coronary echocardiographic findings, and the development of coronary artery aneurysms in the acute phase of the disease...
April 9, 2018: Archivos de Cardiología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576783/nigerian-children-with-acquired-heart-disease-the-experience-in-lagos
#9
Barakat Adeola Animasahun, Akpoembele Deborah Madise-Wobo, Olusola Yejide Kusimo
Background: Most of the recent reports on acquired heart diseases (AHDs) among Nigerian children are either retrospective or cover a short period of time with fewer subjects. The last report on AHDs among children in Lagos was about a decade ago; it was, however, not specific to children with AHDs but was part of a report on structural heart diseases among children in Lagos. The present study was carried out to document the prevalence and profile of different AHDs in children and to compare the findings with those previously reported...
October 2017: Journal of Tehran Heart Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564348/acute-kawasaki-disease-with-emphasis-on-the-echocardiographic-profile-a-single-center-experience
#10
Hala S Hamza, Wessam A Raouf, Asmaa Z Zaher, Hala M Agha
Background: Echocardiographic features of acute Kawasaki disease (KD) have not been well characterized in Egyptian children. This study aimed to provide insight into the pattern of cardiac involvement in Egyptian children with Kawasaki disease, focusing on echocardiographic coronary abnormalities and their associated risk predictors. Methods and Results: Medical records of 64 KD patients from 2012 to 2016 were retrospectively analyzed with recalculation of coronary artery z-scores during the first eight weeks after fever onset...
October 31, 2017: Global Cardiology Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338379/factors-affecting-survival-in-children-with-pericardial-effusion-after-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#11
Tang-Her Jaing, Shih-Hsiang Chen, Yu-Chuan Wen, Tsung-Yen Chang, Dai-Yun Tsai, Hung-Tao Chung, Pei-Kwei Tsay
The objective of this study was to determine the incidence, risk factors, outcome, and clinical significance of pericardial effusion (PE). We retrospectively analyzed outcomes of 272 pediatric patients undergoing their first hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) from 1998 to 2016. In total, 15% (3/20) and 5.9% (15/252) of autologous and allogeneic HSCT recipients, respectively, were identified with PE. However, there was no statistically significant difference in the incidence of PE between the 2 groups...
November 2017: Cell Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290192/demographics-and-outome-in-paediatric-non-hodgkin-lymphoma-single-centre-experience-at-the-children-hospital-lahore-pakistan
#12
Mahwish Faizan, Saadia Anwar, Safia Khan
OBJECTIVE: To describe the patient demographics and outcome analysis in paediatric non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) patients. STUDY DESIGN: An observational study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: The Hematology/Oncology Unit of The Children's Hospital and Institute of Child Health, Lahore, from January 2012 till December 2014. METHODOLOGY: Demographics including age, gender, histopathology, stage and outcome data, in biopsy proven NHL patients were analyzed...
January 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278611/utility-of-point-of-care-ultrasound-in-children-with-pulmonary-tuberculosis
#13
Sabine Bélard, Charlotte C Heuvelings, Ebrahim Banderker, Lindy Bateman, Tom Heller, Savvas Andronikou, Lesley Workman, Martin P Grobusch, Heather J Zar
BACKGROUND: Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) detects extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) in HIV infected adults but has not been evaluated in children despite their higher risk of EPTB. This study's aims were to investigate feasibility of POCUS for EPTB in children, frequency of POCUS findings suggestive of EPTB and time to sonographic resolution of findings with treatment. METHODS: This prospective South African cohort study enrolled children with suspected pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB)...
July 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29086807/characteristics-of-non-postoperative-pediatric-pericardial-effusion-a-multicenter-retrospective-cohort-study-from-the-pediatric-health-information-system-phis
#14
MULTICENTER STUDY
Elijah H Bolin, Xinyu Tang, Sean M Lang, Joshua A Daily, R Thomas Collins
Little is known about the causes and risks of non-postoperative pericardial effusion (PCE) in pediatric patients. We sought to assess the diagnoses most frequently associated with admissions for PCE, and to determine if certain conditions were associated with higher in-hospital mortality and rates of readmission. Nationally distributed data from 44 pediatric hospitals in the 2004-2015 Pediatric Health Information System database were used to identify patients with hospital admissions for International Classification of Disease, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) codes for PCE and/or cardiac tamponade...
February 2018: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026988/pulmonary-annular-motion-velocity-reflects-right-ventricular-outflow-tract-function-in-children-with-surgically-repaired-congenital-heart-disease
#15
Yasunobu Hayabuchi, Akemi Ono, Yukako Homma, Shoji Kagami
Right ventricular (RV) dysfunction is generally evaluated using analyses of tricuspid annular motion. However, it represents only one aspect of RV performance. Whether measuring pulmonary annular motion velocity could serve as a novel way to evaluate global RV and/or RV outflow tract (RVOT) performance in pediatric congenital heart disease (CHD) patients with surgically repaired RVOT was evaluated. In this prospective study, tissue Doppler-derived pulmonary annular motion velocity was measured in children (aged 2-5 years) with RVOT reconstruction (RVOTR group, n = 48) and age-matched healthy children (Control, n = 60)...
March 2018: Heart and Vessels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640131/paragonimiasis-in-children-in-southwest-china-a-retrospective-case-reports-review-from-2005-to-2016
#16
Zongrong Gong, Ruixue Miao, Min Shu, Yu Zhu, Yang Wen, Qin Guo, Qiong Liao, Chaomin Wan
BACKGROUND: Paragonimiasis infection has no specific symptoms or typical radiologic findings, leading to the possibility of misdiagnosis. Thus, the objective of this study was to analyze clinical and radiological features, and treatment outcome of paragonimiasis in children in Southwest China to improve the awareness of this disease. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of children diagnosed with paragonimiasis in West China Second University Hospital between 2005 and 2016...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441660/the-phenotype-and-outcome-of-infantile-cardiomyopathy-caused-by-a-homozygous-elac2-mutation
#17
Zarghuna M A Shinwari, Abdulrahman Almesned, Ali Alakhfash, Ahmad M Al-Rashdan, Eissa Faqeih, Zainab Al-Humaidi, Ahmed Alomrani, Malak Alghamdi, Dilek Colak, Abdullah Alwadai, Monther Rababh, Majid Al-Fayyadh, Zuhair N Al-Hassnan
OBJECTIVE: Cardiomyopathy (CMP) in children is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of disorders. Disease-associated mutations have been identified in more than 50 genes. Recently, mutations in the mitochondrial tRNA processing gene, ELAC2, were reported to be associated with the recessively inherited form of hypertrophic CMP (HCM). This study is aimed at describing the cardiac phenotype and outcome of ELAC2 mutation. METHODS: We performed whole exome sequencing followed by targeted mutation screening to identify the genetic etiology of severe infantile-onset CMP in 64 consanguineous Saudi families...
2017: Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173670/-clinical-pathologic-and-radiologic-analysis-of-paragonimiasis-in-children
#18
Q Liu, H Zhang, Y M Zhao, L L Zhou, B H Gao, Y P Chen
Objective: To analyze the clinical, pathological and radiological characteristics of paragonimiasis in children for accurate diagnosis and therapy. Methods: A total of 31 patients with paragonimiasis treated from 2002 to 2016 were selected, including 17 cases from migrant areas and 14 cases from Wenzhou area. Results: In migrant children group, the serum IgE was significantly higher than that in Wenzhou area group [(2 379±944) IU/mL∶(1 552±1 121) IU/mL, t=-2.23, P<0.05], and the duration of therapy was remarkable longer [(13...
February 8, 2017: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806720/kawasaki-disease-in-sicily-clinical-description-and-markers-of-disease-severity
#19
Maria Cristina Maggio, Giovanni Corsello, Eugenia Prinzi, Rolando Cimaz
BACKGROUND: Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute systemic vasculitis of small and middle size arteries; 15-25 % of untreated patients and 5 % of patients treated with intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) develop coronary artery lesions (CAL). Many studies tried to find the most effective treatment in the management of resistant KD and to select the risk factors for CAL. Our data are assessed on children from west Sicily, characterized by a genetic heterogeneity. METHODS: We studied the clinical data of 70 KD Sicilian children (36 males: 51 %; 34 females: 49 %), analysed retrospectively, including: demographic and laboratory parameters; echocardiographic findings at diagnosis, at 2, 6 and 8 weeks, and at 1 year after the onset of the illness...
November 2, 2016: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777910/diagnostic-difficulties-by-the-unusual-presentations-in-children-and-adolescents-with-hashimoto-thyroiditis
#20
Betül Ersoy, Kiremitçi Yılmaz Seniha, Deniz Kızılay, Münevver Yılmaz, Şenol Coşkun
Complex clinical presentation with diverse timing of particular symptoms may cause diagnostic difficulties, especially in children and adolescents. This paper presents diagnostic difficulties and pitfalls in 3 children with acquired primary hypothyroidism due to Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) presenting with unusual manifestations. We described 3 children with acquired primary hypothyroidism due to HT. One of our patients had musculoskeletal pain and was diagnosed and treated as having connective tissue disease...
September 2016: Annals of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism
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