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Anxiety, children

Eun Byul Choi, Ji Eun Lee, Ji-Yun Hwang
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Although a lot of effort has been put into increasing fruit and vegetable intakes in preschool children, vegetable intake in this group is still low. This study investigated whether nutrition education focusing on fruit and vegetable intakes can affect preschoolers' fruit and vegetable intakes as well as their behavioral outcomes. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Thirty-five preschoolers (54.3% boys, n = 19) aged 4-6 years residing in Seoul underwent weekly nutrition education intervention (8 sessions) between May and July 2016...
December 2018: Nutrition Research and Practice
Laura Bogusaite, Ilona Razlevice, Laura Lukosiene, Andrius Macas
BACKGROUND Adequate preoperative information for pediatric patients and their families can prevent preoperative anxiety and improve postoperative outcome. The aim of this study was to conduct a survey to determine the preoperative information needs of children and their parents before anesthesia for elective surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS Two healthcare centers enrolled children from 10 to 17 years of age who had planned elective surgery under general or regional anesthesia, and their parents and anesthesiologists...
December 4, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Ana Kozina
Anxiety-related problems are common in childhood and adolescence and, if left untreated, may hold short-term and long-term negative consequences for psychosocial functioning and other domains. In addition to having negative individual-level consequences, anxiety-related problems may have a negative impact at the school level. Because almost all children and adolescents attend school, school plays a significant role in development as a socialisation agent and provides an ideal venue for the delivery of prevention and intervention programs...
December 4, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
Nurdoğan Ata, Tahir Bülbül, Cem Gökçen, Abdullah Demirkan, Mehmet Ali Çiftçi
INTRODUCTION: Pediatric epistaxis is very common. A child's illness can lead to depression and anxiety in the parents. The association between pediatric epistaxis and mothers' anxiety has not been well documented. OBJECTIVE: The present study is aimed at measuring depression and anxiety levels in mothers of children with mild, recurrent epistaxis. METHODS: This prospective, clinical, questionnaire-based study examined 43 mothers of children with recurrent epistaxis and 42 mothers of healthy children...
November 30, 2018: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
A D Irvine, A P Jones, P Beattie, S Baron, F Browne, F Ashoor, L O'Neill, A Rosala-Hallas, T Sach, C Spowart, L Taams, C Walker, M Wan, N Webb, P Williamson, C Flohr
Atopic eczema is a skin disease affecting around 20% of UK children, 16% of whom have moderate to severe disease. Severe atopic eczema can cause sleep disturbance, poor school attendance and social withdrawal, as well as attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, anxiety and clinical depression. Skin can become infected and this can be a reason for hospital admission. Although most cases of atopic eczema can be treated with emollients, topical anti-inflammatory treatments and/or ultraviolet (UV) therapy, around 2% of children require oral (taken by mouth) immuno-suppressive treatment...
December 2018: British Journal of Dermatology
Ghadah S Aldossari, Alanoud A Aldosari, Amirah A Alasmari, Rwan M Aldakheel, Reem R AlNatsha, Mohammed S Aldossary
BACKGROUND: Dental treatment under general anaesthesia (DGA) is deemed to contribute to children's dental fear and anxiety (DFA), both in the short and long term OBJECTIVE: To compare DFA between children who had previous DGA and those who did not. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey included 5-12 years old children who had undergone DGA (n=43) and a control group who had not (n=55). Questionnaires were completed by parents regarding sociodemographic and dental profiles...
December 2, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Nicoline Normann, Barbara Hoff Esbjørn
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to explore how anxiety-disordered children attempt to regulate their worry. DESIGN: An experimental manipulation was applied, followed by a qualitative interview. METHODS: Thirty children aged 7-13 were enrolled in this study. Each child was presented with a black mystery box, was told that shortly he/she would have to feel what was inside the box, and was then left alone for 4 min, prior to commencing the task...
December 2, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
Ohad Nachshon, Tzipi Horowitz-Kraus
AIM: Dyslexia is characterised by a primary difficulty in both reading and cognitive control. Children with reading difficulties also experience a broad range of social and emotional difficulties, such as low self-esteem, anxiety and depression. The aim of the study was to determine whether there is a linkage between emotional and cognitive-control difficulties and challenges in reading in children with reading difficulties compared to typical readers. METHODS: Children 8-12 years of age (N=98) either with reading difficulties or typical readers participated in the current study...
December 2, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
Fenny Beukers, Cornelieke S H Aarnoudse-Moens, Mirjam M van Weissenbruch, Wessel Ganzevoort, Johannes B van Goudoever, Aleid G van Wassenaer-Leemhuis
AIM: We examined the association between early maternal psychological distress after severe hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) and behavioural issues in their 12-year-old offspring. METHODS: This secondary analyses of a prospective mother-child birth cohort focused on 95 women with severe HDP and their singleton offspring. The mothers were recruited during pregnancy from 2000 to 2003 in Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Maternal distress at child term age and three months post-term were measured using the Symptom Checklist-90...
December 1, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
Luc Lecavalier, Courtney E McCracken, Michael G Aman, Christopher J McDougle, James T McCracken, Elaine Tierney, Tristram Smith, Cynthia Johnson, Bryan King, Benjamin Handen, Naomi B Swiezy, L Eugene Arnold, Karen Bearss, Benedetto Vitiello, Lawrence Scahill
OBJECTIVE: We explored patterns of concomitant psychiatric disorders in a large sample of treatment-seeking children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). METHODS: Participants were 658 children with ASD (age 3-17 years; mean = 7.2 years) in one of six federally-funded multisite randomized clinical trials (RCT) between 1999 and 2014. All children were referred for hyperactivity or irritability. Study designs varied, but all used the Child and Adolescent Symptom Inventory or Early Childhood Inventory to assess Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Oppositional-Defiant Disorder (ODD), Conduct Disorder (CD), Anxiety Disorders, and Mood Disorders...
November 6, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Katherine M Ryan, Melanie J Zimmer-Gembeck, David L Neumann, Allison M Waters
Fear extinction studies in youth have yielded mixed results due to developmental processes and variations in design, methodology and dependent measures. This systematic review focused on studies with healthy youth between 2 and 17 years of age to identify experimental parameters of studies documenting extinction effects. Thirty-five studies met inclusion criteria and the following themes emerged (a) some studies employed parameters and task demands that are complex and require active participant involvement whereas others involved simple stimulus configurations and passive participant involvement, and (b) variation exists among dependent measures in units of measurement, timing and type of measurement...
November 20, 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
Maria Lalouni, Brjánn Ljótsson, Marianne Bonnert, Richard Ssegonja, Marc Benninga, Johan Bjureberg, Jens Högström, Hanna Sahlin, Magnus Simrén, Inna Feldman, Erik Hedman-Lagerlöf, Eva Serlachius, Ola Olén
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Scalable and effective treatments are needed for children with functional abdominal pain disorders (FAPDs). We performed a randomized controlled trial of the efficacy and cost effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy delivered online (internet CBT) compared to usual therapy. METHODS: We studied children (8-12 years old) diagnosed with FAPDs, based on the Rome IV criteria, in Sweden from September 2016 through April 2017. The patients were randomly assigned to groups that received 10 weeks of therapist-guided, internet-delivered cognitive behavioral therapy (internet CBT, n=46) or usual treatment (treatments within the healthcare and school systems, including medications and visits to doctors and other healthcare professionals; n=44)...
November 28, 2018: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Jonathan R G Etnel, Willem A Helbing, Jolien W Roos-Hesselink, Regina The, Ad J J C Bogers, Johanna J M Takkenberg
Background: To assess the current state of patient information and decision-making in congenital aortic and pulmonary valve disease, we conducted a survey among patients, parents and physicians. Methods: A questionnaire was sent by ground mail to 157 adults and 32 parents of children who previously underwent surgery for congenital aortic or pulmonary valve disease at 0-40 years of age between January 2005 and February 2014 at the Erasmus University Medical Center and to all paediatric and adult congenital cardiologists and congenital cardiac surgeons in the Netherlands (n=88)...
2018: Open Heart
Nida Muzaffar, Eudys Briceno Brito, Joshua Fogel, David Fagan, Krishan Kumar, Rita Verma
Objective: Social media use and especially Facebook use is highly prevalent among adolescents. We study the association of symptoms of social anxiety, generalized anxiety, and depression with behaviours performed by adolescents when logged onto Facebook. Method: We surveyed 102 adolescents about social anxiety symptoms using the Leibowitz Social Anxiety Scale for Children and Adolescents and symptoms of generalized anxiety, depression, and general distress using the Mini Mood and Anxiety Symptom Questionnaire...
November 2018: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Aitana Fernández-Sogorb, Cándido J Inglés, Ricardo Sanmartín, Carolina Gonzálvez, María Vicent, Y José Manuel García-Fernández
Background/Objectives: This paper aimed to validate the Spanish version of scores of the Visual Analogue Scale for Anxiety-Revised (VAA-R) in child population, and to verify the existence of anxiety profiles and to relate them to school refusal. Method: The sample was made up of 911 Spanish students between 8 and 12 years old ( M = 9.61, SD = 1.23). The measures used were the VAA-R and the School Refusal Assessment Scale-Revised for Children (SRAS-R-C). Results: Confirmatory factorial analysis supported the three-dimensional VAA-R structure: Anticipatory Anxiety (AA), School-based performance Anxiety (SA) and Generalized Anxiety (GA)...
September 2018: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology: IJCHP
Nicoline Normann, Nexhmedin Morina
Background: Metacognitive therapy (MCT) continues to gain increased ground as a treatment for psychological complaints. During the last years, several clinical trials on the efficacy of MCT have been published. The aim of the current study was to provide an updated meta-analytic review of the effect of MCT for psychological complaints. Methods: We conducted a systematic search of trials on MCT for young and adult patients with psychological complaints published until January 2018, using PsycINFO, PubMed, the Cochrane Library, and Google Scholar...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Gabija Pancekauskaitė, Lina Jankauskaitė
Paediatric pain and its assessment and management are challenging for medical professionals, especially in an urgent care environment. Patients in a paediatric emergency room (PER) often undergo painful procedures which are an additional source of distress, anxiety, and pain. Paediatric procedural pain is often underestimated and neglected because of various myths, beliefs, and difficulties in its evaluation and treatment. However, it is very different from other origins of pain as it can be preventable. It is known that neonates and children can feel pain and that it has long-term effects that last through childhood into adulthood...
November 27, 2018: Medicina
Serif Omer, Ana M Jijon, Hayley C Leonard
BACKGROUND: Developmental coordination disorder (DCD) affects 5%-6% of children. There is growing evidence that DCD is associated with greater levels of internalising symptoms (i.e. depression and anxiety). This is the first systematic review and meta-analysis to explore the magnitude of this effect, the quality of the evidence and potential moderators. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted to identify studies reporting a comparison between individuals with DCD/probable DCD and typically developing (TD) individuals on measures of internalising symptoms...
November 28, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
Filiberto Toledano-Toledano, José Alfredo Contreras-Valdez
BACKGROUND: Information on the psychometric properties of the Beck Depression Inventory II (BDI-II) in family caregivers of children with chronic diseases is currently unavailable, indicating a significant gap in the literature. Therefore, we investigated 1) which of the five evaluated measurement models had the best fit, 2) the scale's reliability, and 3) the scale's convergent validity. METHODS: In 2018, a cross-sectional ex post facto study with non-probability convenience sampling was conducted in 446 family caregivers of children with chronic diseases at the National Institute of Health in Mexico City; the family caregivers responded to the BDI-II and a battery of instruments measuring anxiety, caregiver burden, parental stress, well-being, and quality of life...
2018: PloS One
Andac Salman, Ayse Deniz Yucelten, Esra Sarac, Merve Hatun Saricam, Nese Perdahli-Fis
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is a chronic and inflammatory disease that impairs quality of life and causes psychological symptoms. Despite the high prevalence of psoriasis in pediatric patients, studies investigating the impact of psoriasis in the quality of life of children, adolescents and families are sparse. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of psoriasis in the quality of life of children and adolescents with psoriasis and their families and to determine depression and anxiety levels of the patients...
November 2018: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
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