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Anxiety, children

Kathrin Stoll, Jocelyn Gallagher
PROBLEM: Midwives are at high risk for burnout and occupational stress. This has implications for workforce retention and quality of maternity care. AIM: We set out to understand how burnout and occupational stress are experienced by midwives in Western Canada, and whether burnout is linked to intentions to leave the profession and other factors. METHODS: Midwives were invited to participate in the international WHELM (work, health, and emotional lives of midwives) survey through invitations via their professional organizations...
October 17, 2018: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
S Buyle-Bodin, A Amad, F Medjkane, S Bourion-Bedes, P Thomas, T Fovet
BACKGROUND: In France, on the first of January 2018, 772 underage persons were in jail or about 1.1 % of the incarcerated population. The prevalence of psychiatric disorders among those inmates is high. As a result psychiatric care (and particularly full-time hospitalization) is essential for this population. The unités hospitalières spécialement aménagées (UHSA) are full-time inpatient hospitalization units for inmates in France. Adults but also underage inmates can be admitted to UHSA for voluntary or involuntary hospitalization...
October 16, 2018: L'Encéphale
S Tordjman, L Vaivre-Douret, S Chokron, S Kermarrec
We have been sensitized to children with high intellectual potential (HIP) having difficulties given the number of children consulting in our outpatient medico-psychological centres for scholastic problems (possibly leading to school failure), anxiety disorders or behavioral disorders such as attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and in which a high intellectual potential was discovered during psychological assessments. It is the contrast, and more precisely the paradox, between the high intellectual potential of these children and their scholastic difficulties (including school failure), and the psychic suffering expressed by some of them, which led us to question, challenge and propose therapeutic and educational care adapted to these children...
October 16, 2018: L'Encéphale
Dawn Adams, Kate Simpson, Deb Keen
Although it is recognized that the prevalence of anxiety is elevated in children with autism spectrum disorder, there has been very limited research exploring such anxiety in school contexts. As a result, there is limited detailed information for teachers or educators on how anxiety in autism may present in the school setting for children on the autism spectrum. The aims of this study were to (a) report the profile of results on a measure of school anxiety in a community sample of children on the autism spectrum, (b) investigate whether scores on this measure differed with child variables or enrollment into a mainstream or special school, and (c) document the level of agreement between teacher-reported and parent-reported anxiety symptoms...
October 2018: Journal of School Psychology
Marc-André Bélair, Dafna E Kohen, Mila Kingsbury, Ian Colman
BACKGROUND: Physical and sedentary activities have been identified as potentially modifiable risk factors for many diseases, including mental illness, and may be effective targets for public health policy and intervention. However, the relative contribution of physical activity versus sedentary behaviour to mental health is less clear. This study investigated the cross-sectional association between physical activity, sedentary activity and symptoms of depression and anxiety at age 14-15 in the National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth (NLSCY)...
October 17, 2018: BMJ Open
Wan-Ling Tseng, Christen M Deveney, Joel Stoddard, Katharina Kircanski, Anna E Frackman, Jennifer Y Yi, Derek Hsu, Elizabeth Moroney, Laura Machlin, Laura Donahue, Alexandra Roule, Gretchen Perhamus, Richard C Reynolds, Roxann Roberson-Nay, John M Hettema, Kenneth E Towbin, Argyris Stringaris, Daniel S Pine, Melissa A Brotman, Ellen Leibenluft
OBJECTIVE: Childhood irritability is a common, impairing problem with changing age-related manifestations that predict long-term adverse outcomes. However, more investigation of overall and age-specific neural correlates is needed. Because youths with irritability exhibit exaggerated responses to frustrating stimuli, the authors used a frustration functional MRI (fMRI) paradigm to examine associations between irritability and neural activation and tested the moderating effect of age. METHOD: The authors studied a transdiagnostic sample of 195 youths with varying levels of irritability (disruptive mood dysregulation disorder, N=52; anxiety disorder, N=42; attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, N=40; and healthy volunteers, N=61)...
October 19, 2018: American Journal of Psychiatry
Alexandria Meyer, Daniel N Klein
OBJECTIVE: We examine the relationship between individual differences in temperament (cognitive control, fear, and shyness) and the error-related negativity (i.e., the ERN) in a large sample of young children. Furthermore, we explore to what extent variation in temperament may underlie the associations between the ERN and anxiety disorders versus externalizing disorders. METHOD: Using the Children's Behavior Questionnaire (CBQ), we focus on scales related to cognitive control (attentional focusing, attentional shifting, and inhibitory control) and a fearful/anxious temperament (fearfulness and shyness)...
October 7, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Lucy Church Barker, Donna E Stewart, Simone N Vigod
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner sexual violence (IPSV) is a common but often overlooked form of intimate partner violence (IPV) that may have unique consequences for those who experience it. We aimed to explore how outcomes associated with IPSV differ from outcomes associated with other forms of intimate partner and sexual violence. METHODS: We conducted a narrative review of the English-language literature, including original research studies and reports that focused on outcomes associated with IPSV...
October 18, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
Hicran Doğru, Aslı Sürer-Adanır, Esin Özatalay
OBJECTIVE: Considering that unknown psychopathology might play a role in the management of pediatric asthma, this study examines how self-esteem and psychosocial family environment (child-raising attitudes and parental coping strategies) influence the physical and psychosocial well-being of these children. Hence, this paper aims to predict psychosocial factors influencing health-related quality-of-life (HRQL) in children with asthma without a documented history of mental illness. METHODS: 32 patients with asthma and 32 controls aged 8-18 years were included in the study...
October 18, 2018: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
Yi Liu, Jianrong Yao, Xinghui Liu, Biru Luo, Xiufang Zhao
BACKGROUND: Breast milk is the most important nutrition for premature babies, but mothers of premature infants have difficulty in initiating and sustaining lactation. Breastfeeding infants who are separated with mothers have decreased morbidity. Nevertheless, such decrease is limited due to insufficient milk supply resulting from mother-baby separation during lac. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of intervention methods based on the health belief model on promoting the secretion of milk among mothers who were separated with their babies...
October 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Sophie Carruthers, Rachel Kent, Matthew J Hollocks, Emily Simonoff
Anxiety is a prevalent and impairing co-morbidity among individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), yet assessment measures, including screening tools, are seldom validated with autism samples. We explored the psychometric properties of the child and parent reports of the Spence Children's Anxiety Scale (SCAS) and the Screen for Anxiety Related Disorder-71 (SCARED-71) with 49 males with ASD (10-16 years, 63% co-occurring anxiety). Both measures had excellent internal consistency and fair-good parent-child agreement...
October 17, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Saliha Baykal, Melih Nuri Karakurt, Mahmut Çakır, Koray Karabekiroğlu
High stress levels and impairment of physical/mental health in parents can delay early and effective intervention in autism. The purpose of this study was to examine relations between the clinical characteristics of children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and caregiver burden, and anxiety and depression levels. Seventy cases under monitoring at the Namık Kemal University Medical Faculty Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Polyclinic with a diagnosis of ASD, and their principal caregivers, were included in the study...
October 17, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
Rosa Cheesman, Kirstin L Purves, Jean-Baptiste Pingault, Gerome Breen, Fruhling Rijsdij K, Robert Plomin, Thalia C Eley
Twin studies have shown that emotional problems (anxiety and depression) in childhood and adolescence are moderately heritable (~20-50%). In contrast, DNA-based 'SNP heritability' estimates are generally <15% and non-significant. One notable feature of emotional problems is that they can be somewhat transient, but the moderate stability seen across time and across raters is predominantly influenced by stable genetic influences. This suggests that by capturing what is in common across time and across raters, we might be more likely to tap into any underlying genetic vulnerability...
October 17, 2018: Translational Psychiatry
Amgad H Hanna, Davinder Ramsingh, Whitney Sullivan-Lewis, Sarah Cano, Patrick Leiter, Desiree Wallace, Gerald Andrews, Briahnna Austin, Richard L Applegate
BACKGROUND: Anxiety associated with pediatric surgery can be stressful. Midazolam is a well-accepted anxiolytic in this setting. However, there are cases in which this medication is not effective. Zolpidem is a short-acting nonbenzodiazepine hypnotic drug that is administered orally and has quick onset of action (~15 minutes), and 2-3 hour duration. AIMS: Based on the theory that impaired perception following oral zolpidem administration would suppress the development of anxiety, we sought to compare zolpidem to midazolam for pediatric preoperative anxiety...
October 17, 2018: Paediatric Anaesthesia
M Torbeyns, S Claes, M Morrens, T Hompes
The prenatal period appears to be important not only for the development of somatic disorders, but also for the development of psychiatric disorders. Stress and the way people deal with this may play an important role.<br/> AIM: To investigate to what extent prenatal maternal psychological stress is a risk factor for the development of affective disorders in the child. and to demonstrate the importance of systematic screening of the psychological well-being of pregnant mothers and mothers with a pregnancy wish...
2018: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
Irina I Oltean, Mark A Ferro
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to test whether elevated levels of depressive and anxiety symptoms affect parent-proxy reports of health-related quality of life (HRQL) of children with mental disorder. METHODS: A sample of 114 children, who screened positive for mental disorder using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview were studied. Parents' depressive symptoms were measured using the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) and anxiety symptoms using the State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI)...
October 16, 2018: Quality of Life Research
Amanda Quattrocelli, Janet Lang, Andrew Davis, Andreas Pflaumer
Background: Supraventricular tachycardia is a group of rhythm disturbances that affect 1 in 300-1200 Australian children annually. The differentiation of supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) symptoms and age of onset according to their subtype is not well understood in the pediatric population. Most studies rely on ECG criteria only to characterize the subtype of the SVT, which is not applicable to all subtypes. The purpose of this study was to identify the symptoms and ages of onset of SVT subtypes, and to analyze whether ethnicity or severity correlated with the SVT subtype confirmed in an invasive Electrophysiology (EP) study...
October 2018: Journal of Arrhythmia
Filipa César, Patrício Costa, Alexandra Oliveira, Anne Marie Fontaine
Background: Motherhood is an emotional rollercoaster. This is overlooked by most literature, which tends to refer mothers' pathological states of postpartum depression and anxiety, mainly seeking to understand their causes or predicting factors, and consequences on children's development. Objective: In this study, we aim to observe the diversity of mothers' emotional states, and to analyze both positive and negative feelings they disclose on specific public and closed motherhood sites on Facebook. We hypothesize that the intensive motherhood model is prevalent in Portuguese society, thus influencing the type of feelings and circumstances in which mothers disclose them...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Pınar Zengin-Akkuş, Tuba Çelen-Yoldaş, Gökçe Kurtipek, Elif Nursel Özmert
Zengin-Akkuş P, Çelen-Yoldaş T, Kurtipek G, Özmert EN. Speech delay in toddlers: Are they only `late talkers`?. Turk J Pediatr 2018; 60: 165-172. Speech delay is prevalent in toddlers. Although some children with speech delay are able to catch up with their peers with time, the delay might be part of a broader condition such as global developmental delay, which requires specific diagnostic work-up. The current study aimed to present the demographic features, developmental profiles of the first 100 preschool-aged children who were seen at Hacettepe University İhsan Doğramacı Children`s Hospital-Developmental Pediatrics Unit with parental concern of speech delay...
2018: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
Puppala Niharika, N Venugopal Reddy, P Srujana, K Srikanth, V Daneswari, K Sai Geetha
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of using virtual reality (VR) eyeglasses on severity of pain and anxiety during pulp therapy in pediatric patients considering childhood anxiety-related disorders as an important confounding factor in the dental setting. Materials and Methods: A total of 40 children aged between 4 and 8 years with no previous anxiety disorder were randomly divided into two groups. The study consisted of three consecutive treatment sessions...
October 2018: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
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