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Anxiety, children

Brianna Adamson, Nicole Letourneau, Catherine Lebel
BACKGROUND: Maternal anxiety disorders are common during pregnancy and postpartum, and are associated with increased behaviour problems and risk of mental health difficulties in children. Understanding alterations in brain structure and function associated with maternal anxiety may help elucidate potential mechanisms via which high maternal anxiety could affect children. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of extant research studying the associations between prenatal anxiety and children's brain structure and function, as assessed through neuroimaging...
August 8, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Min He
Schools' busy situation is far away from its Greek root "Scholé" that means leisure time compared with political duty and war at that era which is also similar in ancient China. From the leisure point of view, school should be relax and free for young children in kindergarten. This means that play should take the most time on the schedule. Unfortunately, Political class skillfully disseminating serious competition among nations to deliver anxiety on young generations' education to the public,which makes parents and school system highly valued formal learning much more than play...
August 16, 2018: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
Dawn Adams, Kate Young, Kate Simpson, Deb Keen
The complex interaction between anxiety and autism has led to debate about the presentation of anxiety in individuals on the spectrum and questions about the extent to which traditional checklists assess the entire range of symptomatology. Moreover, studies to date have not explored how the presentation of anxiety may differ between settings. Through a combination of open-ended questions, closed questions and standardised measures, parents of 173 children (aged 6-13) on the autism spectrum provided (1) descriptors of their child's anxiety at home, school and in the community and (2) strategies used to reduce their child's anxiety in each setting...
August 16, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
Su-Lan Lin, Dan Wang, Ya-Jing Xian, Jing Yang, Ping-Ping Wu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the current status of social anxiety and depression among the fourth-, fifth-, and sixth-grade students in Urumqi, China, and to provide data support for mental health education for primary school students in the future. METHODS: Stratified cluster random sampling was performed to select 919 fourth-, fifth-, and sixth-grade students from four primary schools for the Han and minority ethnic groups in Urumqi as research subjects. Social Anxiety Scale for Children and Children's Depression Inventory were used to evaluate the current status of social anxiety and depression...
August 2018: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
Hiran Thabrew, Karolina Stasiak, Sarah E Hetrick, Stephen Wong, Jessica H Huss, Sally N Merry
BACKGROUND: Long-term physical conditions affect 10% to 12% of children and adolescents worldwide; these individuals are at greater risk of developing psychological problems, particularly anxiety and depression. Access to face-to-face treatment for such problems is often limited, and available interventions usually have not been tested with this population. As technology improves, e-health interventions (delivered via digital means, such as computers and smart phones and ranging from simple text-based programmes through to multimedia and interactive programmes, serious games, virtual reality and biofeedback programmes) offer a potential solution to address the psychological needs of this group of young people...
August 16, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Nada Pop-Jordanova, Olivera Sarakinova, Sofija Loleska
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2018: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
Yusuf Öztürk, Gonca Özyurt, Aynur Akay
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that children with anxiety disorders (ADs) present impaired family functioning and quality of life. We aimed to evaluate family functioning and quality of life among children with AD and healthy controls. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study (survey) at two centers in Turkey. METHODS: The study group comprised 42 children diagnosed with AD and 55 controls. The Screen for Child Anxiety-Related Emotional Disorders (SCARED) questionnaire was filled out by their parents to measure the severity of anxiety symptoms...
August 13, 2018: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
Wanjie Tang, Yi Lu, Jiuping Xu
PURPOSE: Our study aimed to examine the prevalence of psychiatric symptoms and their comorbidity and correlation with sleep problems among adolescent survivors 3 years after the 2013 Ya'an earthquake. METHODS: A representative sample of 6132 adolescent students was analysed from 11 primary and high schools in the three counties most severely affected by the earthquake. Students were invited to complete the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, Children's Revised Impact of Event Scale-13, Short Mood and Feelings Questionnaire, the Adolescent Self-Rating Life Events Checklist, and Screen for Child Anxiety-Related Emotional Disorders...
August 14, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Kristy M Johnstone, Eva Kemps, Junwen Chen
Anxiety and depression are among the most common mental health issues experienced in childhood. Implementing school-based prevention programs during childhood, rather than adolescence, is thought to provide better mental health outcomes. The present meta-analysis aimed to investigate the efficacy of universal school-based prevention programs that target both anxiety and depression in children (aged 13 years or below), and examine three moderators (i.e., program type, primary target of program, and number of sessions) on prevention effects...
August 14, 2018: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
Steven Hope, Jessica Deighton, Nadia Micali, Catherine Law
OBJECTIVE: We assessed whether maternal mental health problems increased rates for child injury during the preschool years and mid-childhood, and the extent to which associations could be accounted for by a range of potential explanatory factors. DESIGN: We analysed the UK Millennium Cohort Study, a nationally representative sample with data collected throughout childhood. Multinomial regression was used to investigate whether two measures of maternal mental health (diagnosed depression/anxiety and psychological distress) were associated with subsequent childhood injury...
August 13, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
Binay Kayan Ocakoglu, Neslihan Edeer Karaca, Fevzi Tuna Ocakoğlu, Serpil Erermis
BACKGROUND: Primary immunodeficiencies (PIDs) are such a chronic disorder may increase the prevalence of psychopathologies. There is sparse of studies which investigate the psychopathology and disease-related factors' effect on psychopathology in this population. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to assess and compare children with PIDs, who receive intravenous immunoglobulin treatment, Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) and healthy controls with respect to their mental health status...
August 13, 2018: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
Sudharshan Hebbani, Johnson Pradeep Ruben, Sumithra S Selvam, Krishnamachari Srinivasan
Young-adult children of parents with alcoholism are vulnerable to anxiety and depression. We studied the prevalence of emotional psychopathology and examined the mediating role of environmental factors (family support, community support and participation in religious rituals) in relation to psychopathology. College students (N = 1555), aged 18-24 years, from urban and rural domicile were screened on Children of Alcoholics Screening Test (CAST) and those who were positive were assessed for emotional psychopathology on Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-21)...
August 7, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
Aditi Sharma
For children and adolescents with uncomplicated psychiatric disorders, pediatricians are often the first prescriber of psychiatric medications. Mental health disorders commonly treated by pediatricians include attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), depression, and anxiety. There are several safe and effective first-line medications for these disorders. For ADHD, stimulants and nonstimulants can be used as first-line interventions. For anxiety and depression, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors are well-established treatments and often well-tolerated...
August 1, 2018: Pediatric Annals
Gülser Şenses-Dinç, Uğur Özçelik, Tuna Çak, Deniz Doğru-Ersöz, Esra Çöp, Ebru Yalçın, Ebru Çengel-Kültür, Sevgi Pekcan, Nural Kiper, Fatih Ünal
Şenses-Dinç G, Özçelik U, Çak T, Doğru-Ersöz D, Çöp E, Yalçın E, Çengel-Kültür E, Pekcan S, Kiper N, Ünal F. Psychiatric morbidity and quality of life in children and adolescents with cystic fibrosis. Turk J Pediatr 2018; 60: 32-40. The aim of this study was to investigate psychiatric disorders, depression and anxiety levels, and quality of life in children and adolescents with cystic fibrosis (CF), and to compare them with those of children with non-cystic fibrosis (non-CF) bronchiectasis and healthy controls...
2018: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
Mohammed Shaheen, Lena Schindler, Rotem Saar-Ashkenazy, Kifah Bani Odeh, Hermona Soreq, Alon Friedman, Clemens Kirschbaum
Violent conflicts are severe traumatic stressors with detrimental effects on physical and mental health, with children and adolescents being particularly at risk. For the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, characteristic patterns of dysregulation in trauma-exposed individuals have been shown. This study set out to investigate self-reported mental well-being in Palestinian adolescents growing up during the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Hair cortisol concentrations (HCC) as a psychoendocrine marker for long-term HPA axis aberrations along with the potential protective factor sense of coherence (SoC; i...
August 13, 2018: Psychophysiology
Chrysoula-Christina Emmanouil, Panagiota Pervanidou, Evangelia Charmandari, Christina Darviri, George P Chrousos
OBJECTIVE: Our study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of an 8-week stress management intervention program that included progressive muscle relaxation, diaphragmatic breathing, guided imagery, and cognitive restructuring in obese Greek children and adolescents. DESIGN: Thirty-six patients were prospectively recruited to participate in this randomized controlled study. Of these, 16 participants formed the intervention group and 20 participants the control group...
August 11, 2018: Hormones: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Margie Danchin, Alisha Gulenc, Daryl Efron, Emma Sciberras, Christos Symeonides, Harriet Hiscock
OBJECTIVE: Rising anxiety rates and equity of care are ongoing concerns. Through two pediatric practice audits conducted five years apart, we aimed to determine the change in (1) anxiety diagnoses; (2) associated comorbid diagnoses; (3) variance in management by location and (4) child, family and pediatrician predictors of management. METHODS: Members of the Australian Paediatric Research Network (APRN) were invited to participate in patient-level prospective national pediatric practice audits in 2008 and 2013...
August 9, 2018: Academic Pediatrics
Despina Pampaka, Stefania I Papatheodorou, Mohammad AlSeaidan, Rihab Al Wotayan, Rosalind J Wright, Julie E Buring, Douglas W Dockery, Costas A Christophi
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of antenatal depressive symptoms, identify relevant risk factors, and assess comorbid mental health problems, among pregnant women enrolled in a population based study. METHODS: This was a secondary analysis of data collected from 1916 pregnant women who participated in the TRansgenerational Assessment of Children's Environmental Risk (TRACER) study in Kuwait, and had answered the Baseline Questionnaire and completed the Edinburgh Depression Scale (EDS)...
September 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Josefa Canals-Sans, Carmen Hernández-Martínez, Mercè Sáez-Carles, Victoria Arija-Val
The aim of the study was to investigate the current prevalence of DSM-5 Depressive Disorders (DD) among Spanish school children and compare it with data obtained 20 years ago from the same place. We assessed comorbidity, severity and sociodemographic related factors. With a double-phase design, a sample of 1514 students participated in the 1st phase and 562 students (175 at risk of depression) were assessed in the 2nd phase with the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview for Kids. The estimated current prevalence of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) was 1...
July 27, 2018: Psychiatry Research
Jérôme Gauvin-Lepage, Debbie Friedman, Lisa Grilli, Maria Sufrategui, Carol De Matteo, Grant L Iverson, Isabelle Gagnon
OBJECTIVE: (1) To determine the impact of providing participants aged 8 to 17 years who are slow to recover after a concussion with a well-developed active rehabilitation intervention (ARI), compared with receiving standard care alone, on postconcussion symptoms (PCS) at 2 and 6 weeks after the initiation of ARI; and (2) to investigate functional recovery 6 weeks after initiation of ARI. DESIGN: A multicenter prospective quasi-experimental control group design. SETTING: Tertiary care pediatric trauma center and community health care providers...
August 8, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
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