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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30300208/update-on-sinus-disease-in-children-with-cystic-fibrosis-advances-in-treatment-modalities-microbiology-and-health-related-quality-of-life-instruments
#1
Jean-Nicolas Gallant, Margaret B Mitchell, Frank W Virgin
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: There is a lack of consensus with regards to the diagnosis and treatment of sinus disease in children with cystic fibrosis. Here, we review literature from the past 18 months in order to highlight the way forward in this contentious field. RECENT FINDINGS: Most of the literature (from the past 18 months) on sinus disease in pediatric cystic fibrosis focused on treatment approaches, bacteriology and immunology, and health-related quality-of-life (HRQOL) instruments...
October 8, 2018: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30296902/survival-outcomes-for-induction-vs-adjuvant-chemotherapy-in-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-maxillary-sinus
#2
Phoebe Kuo, Sina J Torabi, Dennis Kraus, Benjamin L Judson
Objective In advanced maxillary sinus cancers treated with surgery and radiotherapy, poor local control rates and the potential for organ preservation have prompted interest in the use of systemic therapy. Our objective was to present outcomes for induction compared to adjuvant chemotherapy in the maxillary sinus. Study Design Secondary database analysis. Setting National Cancer Database (NCDB). Subjects and Methods In total, 218 cases of squamous cell maxillary sinus cancer treated with surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy between 2004 and 2012 were identified from the NCDB and stratified into induction chemotherapy and adjuvant chemotherapy cohorts...
October 9, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30280585/faculty-attitudes-toward-rhinology-fellowship-training-a-survey-of-rhinology-fellowship-programs
#3
Charles A Riley, Christian P Soneru, Qasim Husain, Stacey T Gray, Brent A Senior, Abtin Tabaee
Background The number of rhinology fellowship programs has grown rapidly over the past decade. To date, no standardization or accreditation process exists, raising the potential for disparate programs. The attitudes of faculty regarding training are important to elucidate the educational experience of rhinology fellowship. Methods An anonymous, web-based survey of rhinology faculty assessed the subjective attitudes toward various domains of fellowship training including surgery, office-based procedures, research, and career development...
October 3, 2018: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30274493/mycetoma-the-spectrum-of-clinical-presentation
#4
REVIEW
Ahmed Hassan Fahal, Suliman Hussein Suliman, Roderick Hay
Mycetoma is a chronic infection, newly designated by the World Health Organization (WHO) as a neglected tropical disease, which is endemic in tropical and subtropical regions. It follows implantation of infectious organisms, either fungi (eumycetomas) or filamentous bacteria (actinomycetomas) into subcutaneous tissue, from where infection spreads to involve skin, bone and subcutaneous sites, leading to both health related and socioeconomic problems. In common with other NTDs, mycetoma is most often seen in rural areas amongst the poorest of people who have less access to health care...
September 4, 2018: Tropical Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30190677/morphological-substrates-for-atrial-arrhythmogenesis-in-a-heart-with-atrioventricular-septal-defect
#5
Robert S Stephenson, Jack Rowley-Nobel, Caroline B Jones, Rafael Guerrero, Tristan Lowe, Jichao Zhao, Henggui Zhang, Jonathan C Jarvis
Due to advances in corrective surgery, congenital heart disease has an ever growing patient population. Atrial arrhythmias are frequently observed pre- and post-surgical correction. Pharmaceutical antiarrhythmic therapy is not always effective, therefore many symptomatic patients undergo catheter ablation therapy. In patients with atrioventricular septal defects (AVSD), ablation therapy itself has mixed success; arrhythmogenic recurrences are common, and because of the anatomical displacement of the atrioventricular node, 3-degree heart block post-ablation is a real concern...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30147451/radiotherapy-alone-as-a-method-of-treatment-for-sinonasal-mucosal-melanoma-a-report-based-on-six-cases-and-a-review-of-current-opinion
#6
Beata Sas-Korczynska, Marian Reinfuss, Jerzy W Mitus, Elzbieta Pluta, Anna Patla, Tomasz Walasek
Objectives: Radiotherapy in patients with sinonasal mucosal melanoma (SNMM) was given as alternative treatment to surgery in cases with advanced, inoperable tumors or those not eligible for surgery. We presented the outcomes for patients with SNMM treated with radiotherapy alone. Material and methods: The retrospective review of 6 consecutive SNMM (nasal cavity - 4 pts. and paranasal sinus - 2 pts.) patients (3 males and 3 females at mean age 64 years) treated between 2008 and 2016 was presented...
September 2018: Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30076019/office-based-retrograde-transtracheal-application-of-mitomycin-c
#7
Valeria Silva Merea, Paul C Bryson
OBJECTIVES: The utility of topical mitomycin C (MMC) as an adjuvant treatment in the management of laryngeal and tracheal stenosis has been studied; however, the ideal timing of MMC application has not been fully elucidated. There is a paucity of studies evaluating the timing of MMC application after surgical airway intervention for stenosis. The purpose of this study is to describe a novel technique for MMC application that allows for delayed application in the unsedated, office-based setting, approximately one week following endoscopic airway dilation...
July 26, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30072150/advanced-interatrial-block-is-an-electrocardiographic-marker-for-recurrence-of-atrial-fibrillation-after-electrical-cardioversion
#8
Yuhi Fujimoto, Kenji Yodogawa, Yu-Jin Maru, Eiichiro Oka, Hiroshi Hayashi, Teppei Yamamoto, Yu-Ki Iwasaki, Meiso Hayashi, Wataru Shimizu
BACKGROUND: Early recurrence of atrial fibrillation (AF) is common following a successful electrical cardioversion (ECV). The purpose of this study was to investigate the hypothesis that AF recurrence is related to atrial electrical inhomogeneity, which may influence the P wave characteristics. METHODS: Two hundred ninety-one consecutive persistent AF patients who underwent ECV were enrolled, and evaluated for AF recurrences one month after the ECV. Patients with open-heart surgery, a history of catheter ablation, and an unsuccessful ECV were excluded...
December 1, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30061792/is-orbital-floor-a-reliable-and-useful-surgical-landmark-in-endoscopic-endonasal-surgery-a-systematic-review
#9
Baharudin Abdullah, Chew Shiun Chuen, Salina Husain, Kornkiat Snidvongs, De Yun Wang
Background: The orbital floor is considered as an important intraoperative reference point in endoscopic sinonasal surgery. The aim of this review is to evaluate its reliability and usefulness as a surgical landmark in endoscopic endonasal surgery. Methods: A literature search was performed on electronic databases, namely PUBMED. The following keywords were used either individually or in combination: orbital floor; maxillary sinus roof; endoscopic skull base surgery; endoscopic sinus surgery...
2018: BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30032501/-present-status-of-the-treatment-for-olfactory-dysfunction
#10
REVIEW
J F Liu, J Han, H L Han, J H Zhao
Olfactory dysfunction is defined as decrease or loss of smell perception.This review systematically summarizes classification, etiology and diagnosis progress of olfactory dysfunction, and focuses on advancement in management of olfactory dysfunction, including pharmaceutical remedy, surgical treatment as well as olfactory training.Glucocorticoids play an important role in the treatment of olfactory dysfunction. Sodium citrate, vitamin A, and nonspecific phosphodiesterase inhibitors (theophylline, pentoxifylline) are promising drugs...
July 7, 2018: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30027439/impact-of-anatomic-origin-of-primary-squamous-cell-carcinomas-of-the-nasal-cavity-and-ethmoidal-sinus-on-clinical-outcome
#11
Stefan Janik, Mariel Gramberger, Lorenz Kadletz, Johannes Pammer, Matthaeus Ch Grasl, Boban M Erovic
PURPOSE: Since squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) of the nasoethmoidal complex are rare and aggressive malignancies, the purpose of this study was to evaluate whether anatomic subsites of SCCs of the nasal cavity and ethmoid sinuses affect clinical outcome. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed data from 47 patients with primary SCCs of the nasal cavity and ethmoid sinuses who were treated at the Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Medical University of Vienna, between 1993 and 2018...
September 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29980404/endoscopic-endonasal-transmaxillary-ligation-of-a-feeding-artery-and-coblation-plasma-technology-enables-en-bloc-resection-of-advanced-juvenile-nasopharyngeal-angiofibroma-without-preoperative-embolization
#12
Hiroyuki Morishita, Masayoshi Kobayashi, Kazuhiko Takeuchi
Juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma (JNA) is a hypervascular tumor and uncontrolled hemorrhage makes its removal very difficult. Although preoperative intravascular embolization of a feeding artery is recommended, serious complications such as iatrogenic thrombosis in the brain and insufficient decrease in blood flow to the tumor are concerns. Recently, coblation plasma technology has been reported to be useful for tumor removal with minimum hemorrhage under a clear surgical field. Here we report successful removal of advanced JNA without preoperative embolization, using intraoperative ligation of the maxillary artery and coblation plasma technology...
July 3, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29951488/advanced-atrio-ventricular-blocks-in-a-foal-undergoing-surgical-bladder-repair-first-step-to-cardiac-arrest
#13
Vincent Marolf, Alessandro Mirra, Nathalie Fouché, Cristobal Navas de Solis
A 3-day-old Swiss Warmblood colt was diagnosed with uroabdomen after urinary bladder rupture. The foal had classical electrolyte abnormalities (hyponatremia, hypochloremia and hyperkalemia) on presentation. The foal was supported prior to surgery with intravenous fluids and the electrolyte abnormalities were treated with physiologic saline, glucose and insulin. Urine could not be drained from the abdomen prior to surgery because the omentum was continuously occluding the drainage cannula and due to progressive abdominal distension, it was decided to pursue surgery without further correction of electrolyte abnormalities...
2018: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29798244/-clinical-efficacy-of-of-endoscopic-assisted-open-pathway-combined-with-radiotherapy-in-the-treatment-of-advanced-maxillary-sinus-malignant-tumor
#14
H Li, S Y Ma, M J Zhang, Z Y Zhao, J Meng
Objective: The aim of this study is to analyze the clinical effect of endoscopic assisted open pathway combined with radiotherapy in the treatment of patients with advanced maxillary sinus malignant tumor. Method: A retrospective analysis was performed on the survival of 29 patients with advanced maxillary sinus malignant tumor treated by endoscopic assisted open approach combined with radiotherapy. Result: A total of twenty nine patients with cancer lesions were successfully resected, of which 7 cases underwent preoperative radiotherapy plus surgery plus postoperative radiotherapy, 22 cases were treated by surgery plus radiotherapy after operation...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29794362/clip-stone-and-t-clip-sinus-a-clinical-analysis-of-six-cases-on-migration-of-clips-and-literature-review-from-1997-to-2017
#15
Liwei Pang, Jindong Yuan, Yan Zhang, Yuwen Wang, Jing Kong
Introduction: With the development of laparoscopic skills, the laparoscopic common bile duct exploration (LCBDE) and laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) has become the standard surgical procedure for choledocholithiasis. We usually use Hem-o-lok clips to control cystic duct and vessels, which is safe on most occasions and has few perioperative complications such as major bleeding, wound infection, bile leakage, and biliary and bowel injury. However, a rare complication of post-cholecystectomy clip migration (PCCM) increases year by year due to the advancement and development of LC, CBD exploration as well as the wide use of surgical ligation clips...
May 24, 2018: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775032/-research-advance-of-microrna-in-the-pathogenesis-of-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#16
REVIEW
Y Ye, Q Luo, J Q Yu, J Zhang
Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a common disease of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery, manifested as nasal-sinus mucosal chronic inflammation. However, the pathogenesis of CRS is not clear. There are studies found that microRNA (miRNA) involved in CRS gene regulation. In this review, we summarize the expression of miRNAs in CRS, with the in-depth study of the role of miRNAs in CRS, and will further elucidate the pathogenesis of CRS.
February 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764017/-significance-of-retropharyngeal-node-dissection-in-treatment-of-hypopharyngeal-carcinoma
#17
Z H Lyu, W Xu, N Sa, J K Ma, J J Tian, S H Feng, H Y Cao
Objective: investigate the incidence of retropharyngeal lymph node (RPLN) metastasis and the risk factors for RPLN metastasis in hypopharyngeal cancer, and the relationship of planned dissection of the RPLN with the survival and tumor control rates in patients with hypopharyngeal cancer. Methods: A total of 203 patients with hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma who underwent radical surgery as initial treatment from February 2011 to July 2015 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 167 cases of pyriform sinus carcinoma, 23 cases of posterior pharyngeal wall carcinoma, and 13 cases of postcricoid carcinoma...
May 7, 2018: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753077/endoscopic-endonasal-reconstruction-of-anterior-skull-base-defects-what-factors-really-affect-the-outcomes
#18
Mario Turri-Zanoni, Jacopo Zocchi, Alessia Lambertoni, Marta Giovannardi, Apostolos Karligkiotis, Paolo Battaglia, Davide Locatelli, Paolo Castelnuovo
OBJECTIVE: Endoscopic endonasal surgery has evolved in recent decades, requiring comparable advances in reconstructive techniques. This study aimed to retrospectively review outcomes of endoscopic anterior skull base reconstruction and to analyze factors associated with failures. METHODS: Data from patients who underwent endoscopic endonasal anterior skull base reconstruction in a single institution between 1998 and 2017 were collected. Patients were stratified according to selected risk factors: sex; age; previous surgery; disease treated (cerebrospinal fluid leaks, benign tumors, malignant tumors); single or multiple defects; defect dimension (<1 cm2 , 1-2 cm2 , 2-6 cm2 , >6 cm2 ) and site (olfactory cleft, ethmoidal roof, planum sphenoidalis, posterior wall of frontal sinus); reconstruction technique (overlay graft, multilayer grafts, pedicled flap) and materials used; postoperative radiotherapy; and year of surgery...
August 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706456/a-cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-the-up-front-use-of-balloon-catheter-dilation-in-the-treatment-of-pediatric-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#19
Laura Kathryn House, Andrea F Lewis, Mary G Ashmead
BACKGROUND: The treatment of pediatric sinusitis continues to be a controversial topic. It has been recommended to treat pediatric chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) with adenoidectomy before proceeding to more invasive techniques. There are concerns regarding side effects of endoscopic sinus surgery in pediatric patients. With the advent of balloon catheter dilation (BCD) as a minimally invasive technique, some authors are recommending up front adenoidectomy with BCD in order to maximize disease resolution while minimizing risk...
July 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683003/assessment-of-a-lateral-nasal-wall-block-technique-for-endoscopic-sinus-surgery-under-local-anesthesia
#20
Grace M Scott, Chris Diamond, Damian C Micomonaco
Introduction With increasingly limited operative resources and patient desires for minimally invasive procedures, there is a trend toward local endoscopic procedures being performed in the outpatient clinic setting. However, there remain limited data supporting a technique to adequately anesthetize the lateral nasal wall and provide patient comfort during these procedures. The objective of this study is to assess the efficacy of a novel lateral nasal wall block for use in office-based endoscopic sinus surgery...
July 2018: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
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