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psychosocial rehabilitation

Natasha A Baloch, Wesley G Jennings
The American prison system is overcrowded with minorities in general, and African Americans, in particular. The Department of Justice notes that more than 50% of the prison population have some type of mental disability. In this study, we examine the intersection between race and disabilities in the U.S. State prison system. Using the Rehabilitation Services Administration data set, the study highlights the prevalence and type of disabilities in the prison inmate population. Results demonstrate that African American inmates are overrepresented among inmates with disabilities, are more likely to have mental disabilities relative to physical disabilities, and these results hold for various types of mental disabilities including cognitive, psychosocial, and other mental disabilities...
October 12, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
John Wallert, Emelie Gustafson, Claes Held, Guy Madison, Fredrika Norlund, Louise von Essen, Erik Martin Gustaf Olsson
BACKGROUND: Low adherence to recommended treatments is a multifactorial problem for patients in rehabilitation after myocardial infarction (MI). In a nationwide trial of internet-delivered cognitive behavior therapy (iCBT) for the high-risk subgroup of patients with MI also reporting symptoms of anxiety, depression, or both (MI-ANXDEP), adherence was low. Since low adherence to psychotherapy leads to a waste of therapeutic resources and risky treatment abortion in MI-ANXDEP patients, identifying early predictors for adherence is potentially valuable for effective targeted care...
October 10, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Egle Tamuleviciute-Prasciene, Kristina Drulyte, Greta Jurenaite, Raimondas Kubilius, Birna Bjarnason-Wehrens
The aim of this literature review was to evaluate existing evidence on exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation (CR) as a treatment option for elderly frail patients with valvular heart disease (VHD). Pubmed database was searched for articles between 1980 and January 2018. From 2623 articles screened, 61 on frailty and VHD and 12 on exercise-based training for patients with VHD were included in the analysis. We studied and described frailty assessment in this patient population. Studies reporting results of exercise training in patients after surgical/interventional VHD treatment were analyzed regarding contents and outcomes...
2018: BioMed Research International
Meaghan Walker, Amy C McPherson
INTRODUCTION: Overweight and obesity (OW/OB) rates are increasing among Canadian children and youth, with rates currently affecting one-third of 5-17 year olds. OW/OB is associated with numerous physical and psychosocial consequences, which are compounded when a child has a pre-existing disability. This is concerning considering children with disabilities experience OW/OB at two to three times the rate of their typically developing peers. While the number of weight management programs have been increasing, they are generally designed to meet the needs of typically developing children and often exclude children with disabilities...
October 9, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Travis Wearne, Vicki Anderson, Cathy Catroppa, Angela Morgan, Jennie Ponsford, Robyn Tate, Tamara Ownsworth, Leanne Togher, Jennifer Fleming, Jacinta Douglas, Kimberley Docking, Linda Sigmundsdottir, Heather Francis, Cynthia Honan, Skye McDonald
Psychosocial functioning is compromised following pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI), with the past few decades witnessing a proliferation of research examining the effect of childhood brain insult on a range of psychosocial outcomes. This paper describes the systematic recommendation of outcome instruments to address psychosocial functioning following pediatric TBI. A total of 65 instruments across 11 psychosocial areas (i.e., Global Outcome, Communication, Social Cognition, Behavioural and Executive Function, Other Neuropsychological Functioning, Psychological Status, TBI-related Symptoms, Activities and Participation, Support and Relationships, Sense of Self, and Health-Related Quality of Life) were reviewed using various assessment methods, including working groups, literature searches, comparisons with selection guidelines, and international expert opinion...
October 9, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Temmy Lee Ting Lo, Janet Lok Chun Lee, Rainbow Tin Hung Ho
Background: Stroke is a life-threating cerebrovascular disease. Without proper and immediate treatment, it can cause long-term disabilities and even death. While current rehabilitation focuses on functional needs, it does not fully address the psychosocial issues. Creative arts-based therapies, however, may have the potential to be of assistance. Methods: A systematic review was conducted to synthesize the qualitative findings of the stroke survivors' positive and negative experiences in participating in creative arts-based therapies...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
V I Akinmoladun, C A Akinyamoju, F O Olaniran, O I Olaopa
Introduction: Maxillectomy is a surgical procedure for managing tumors affecting the maxilla; the goal of maxillectomy however should not be limited to tumor extirpation but should include restoration of oronasal function and facial contours, as failure to do these may give rise to psychosocial and functional challenges. This study aimed to appraise the pattern of maxillectomies, challenges of management, and quality of life (QOL) of a proportion of the study population. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study carried out at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University College Hospital, Ibadan...
July 2018: Nigerian Journal of Surgery: Official Publication of the Nigerian Surgical Research Society
Tonya M Pan, Maria Kryza-Lacombe, Jeffrey Burkeen, Jona Hattangadi-Gluth, Vanessa L Malcarne, Carrie R McDonald
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this systematic review were to: (1) identify supportive-care (psychosocial/behavioral, pharmacological, complementary or alternative) interventions that have been evaluated via randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to improve patient-reported health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among adults with brain tumors; (2) evaluate the quality of the intervention studies; and (3) evaluate if developed interventions have been efficacious at improving HRQoL, as compared to control conditions in RCTs...
October 2, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Adrienne H Kovacs, Tina M Kaufman, Craig S Broberg
Owing to significant medical advances, it is now estimated that more than 90% of persons born with congenital heart disease (CHD) will reach adulthood. Medically appropriate physical activity represents an opportunity to improve physical functioning as well as quality of life and psychosocial outcomes. By reviewing published CHD research and clinical recommendations, herein we first summarize how adults with CHD are known to be less physically active and have reduced exercise capacity compared with healthy peers...
October 2018: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
Andrew L Pipe, Robert D Reid
Cardiac rehabilitation programmes afford the opportunity to enhance cardiovascular health and reduce the risk of subsequent cardiac events. They permit the management of cardiac risk factors while addressing significant psychosocial and vocational issues. Tobacco addiction is the most important of the modifiable cardiac risk factors, and smoking cessation is the most important secondary prevention strategy. Cessation is more likely when cessation pharmacotherapy is accompanied by supportive advice and strategic assistance...
October 2018: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
Jo L Shackelford, Lynette S Smith, C Thomas Farrell, Jean Neils-Strunjas
Resilience, depression, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and traumatic brain injury (TBI) are important factors to consider as student military Veterans work to reintegrate into society. The impact of these factors on academic success is not fully understood, but is important for rehabilitation professionals, student advisors, and counselors. The current study examined the impact of resilience, depression, PTSD, and TBI on student Veteran academic outcomes, and whether the amount of student Veterans' military experience moderated the effect of these factors on academic performance...
September 28, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
Erin M Picou, Gurjit Singh, Huiwen Goy, Frank Russo, Louise Hickson, Andrew J Oxenham, Gabrielle H Buono, Todd A Ricketts, Stefan Launer
The question of how hearing loss and hearing rehabilitation affect patients' momentary emotional experiences is one that has received little attention but has considerable potential to affect patients' psychosocial function. This article is a product from the Hearing, Emotion, Amplification, Research, and Training workshop, which was convened to develop a consensus document describing research on emotion perception relevant for hearing research. This article outlines conceptual frameworks for the investigation of emotion in hearing research; available subjective, objective, neurophysiologic, and peripheral physiologic data acquisition research methods; the effects of age and hearing loss on emotion perception; potential rehabilitation strategies; priorities for future research; and implications for clinical audiologic rehabilitation...
January 2018: Trends in Hearing
Liliya V Zhyvotovska
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: The search for early diagnostic markers of the psychosocial maladaptation formation in alcohol dependence to optimize the treatment, rehabilitation and preventive measures in this cohort of patients is one of the urgent tasks of the contemporary narcology to date. The aim: The purpose of the paper was to reveal the significant pathogenetic factors for the psychosocial maladaptation formation in patients with alcohol dependence. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: 290 male patients with alcohol dependence, aged 23 to 59 years have been involved into the comprehensive study that has been carried out using the clinicopsychopathological, psychodiagnostic, neuropsychological, biochemical and statistical methods...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Louise Clancy, Rachel Povey, Karen Rodham
PURPOSE: Staff-patient communication in in-patient stroke settings is viewed as challenging for stroke survivors with aphasia and those supporting them. This study sought to explore these experiences from the perspectives of stroke survivors, their carers and healthcare professionals. METHODS: A qualitative study where stroke survivors with aphasia, carers and healthcare professionals were interviewed (audio-recorded) one-to-one or via focus group. Stroke survivors were at least 6 months post-stroke and had a self-reported mild to moderate level of post-stroke aphasia...
September 27, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Matthew J Miller, Jacqueline Jones, Chelsey B Anderson, Cory L Christiansen
PURPOSE: Identifying factors associated with physical activity after dysvascular lower limb amputation (LLA) could provide targets for improving rehabilitation outcomes. The purpose of this meta-synthesis was to identify modifiable factors that may influence physical activity after LLA, a condition characterized by amputation in the setting of older age, diabetes mellitus (DM), and/or peripheral artery disease (PAD). METHODS: A systematic search of the literature identified qualitative studies exploring the perceptions of physical activity in people with lower limb amputation, older age, DM, or PAD...
September 27, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Christine K Cowan, Jane M Pierson, Sandra G Leggat
PURPOSE: To explore participants' personal perspectives: on psychosocial aspects of living with multiple sclerosis (MS) following inpatient rehabilitation; and on experiences of the rehabilitation hospital stay and discharge to home. METHODS: One-on-one, semi-structured in-depth interviews, were conducted with 15 people with various forms of MS, post discharge from a rehabilitation hospital. Thematic analysis of the data was undertaken. RESULTS: The emergent themes were: Fatigue, Independence and Dependence, Loss, Provision of Care, and Perceptions of Care...
September 27, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Allison I Daniel, Meta van den Heuvel, Melissa Gladstone, Mike Bwanali, Wieger Voskuijl, Celine Bourdon, Isabel Potani, Sara Fernandes, Jenala Njirammadzi, Robert H J Bandsma
Background: Children admitted to nutritional rehabilitation units (NRUs) for inpatient treatment of severe acute malnutrition (SAM) are at high risk of poor developmental and nutritional outcomes. The Kusamala Program is an interactive hospital-based counseling program for primary caregivers of children with SAM that integrates three modules: nutrition and feeding; water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH); and psychosocial stimulation. This mixed methods feasibility study aimed to evaluate the implementation of the Kusamala Program in an NRU setting and developmental outcomes in children with SAM 6 months after inpatient treatment...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
Kristina M Kelly, Alexandra L Borstad, David Kline, Lynne V Gauthier
BACKGROUND: Constraint-induced movement therapy (CI therapy) is one of few treatments for upper extremity (UE) hemiparesis that has been shown to result in motor recovery and improved quality of life in chronic stroke. However, the extent to which treatment-induced improvements in motor function versus daily use of the more affected arm independently contribute to improved quality of life remains largely unexplored. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to identify whether motor function or daily use of a hemiparetic arm has a greater influence on quality of life after CI therapy...
September 22, 2018: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
Jennifer Sánchez, Veronica Muller, Fong Chan, Jessica M Brooks, Kanako Iwanaga, Wei-Mo Tu, Emre Umucu, Mileidy Crespo-Jones
PURPOSE: To examine personal and environmental contextual factors as mediators of functional disability on quality of life (QOL) in a sample of individuals with serious mental illness (SMI). METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis of 194 individuals with SMI (major depressive disorder = 38.1%; bipolar disorder = 35.6%; schizophrenia spectrum disorder = 25.8%) recruited from four psychosocial rehabilitation clubhouses was undertaken to test a multiple regression model assuming that personal (i...
September 22, 2018: Quality of Life Research
Kiley Wei-Jen Loh, Terence Ng, Su Pin Choo, Hay Mar Saw, Rathi Mahendran, Celia Tan, Gail Chia Yang Chang, Yew Jin Ong, Alethea Chung Pheng Yee, Alexandre Chan, Khee Chee Soo
Despite being a relatively young nation, Singapore has established itself as a leading multifaceted medical hub, both regionally and globally. Although Singapore continues to pursue excellence in oncology care, cancer supportive care and survivorship care remain in the infancy stage. In an effort to advance this important aspect of oncology care in Singapore, the first cancer supportive and survivorship care forum was held in December 2016, involving 74 oncology practitioners. The primary goals of this forum were to raise awareness of the importance of cancer supportive and survivorship care and to provide a platform for oncology practitioners of diverse backgrounds to converge and address the challenges associated with the delivery of cancer supportive and survivorship care in Singapore...
September 2018: Journal of Global Oncology
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