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psychosocial rehabilitation

Rebecca Hunting Pompon, Dagmar Amtmann, Charles Bombardier, Diane Kendall
Purpose: Chronic stress is likely a common experience among people with the language impairment of aphasia. Importantly, chronic stress reportedly alters the neural networks central to learning and memory-essential ingredients of aphasia rehabilitation. Before we can explore the influence of chronic stress on rehabilitation outcomes, we must be able to measure chronic stress in this population. The purpose of this study was to (a) modify a widely used measure of chronic stress (Perceived Stress Scale [PSS]; Cohen & Janicki-Deverts, 2012) to fit the communication needs of people with aphasia (PWA) and (b) validate the modified PSS (mPSS) with PWA...
December 4, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Koustuv Saha, Ingmar Weber, Munmun De Choudhury
Student deaths on college campuses, whether brought about by a suicide or an uncontrollable incident, have serious repercussions for the mental wellbeing of students. Consequently, many campus administrators implement post-crisis intervention measures to promote student-centric mental health support. Information about these measures, which we refer to as " counseling recommendations ", are often shared via electronic channels, including social media. However, the current ability to assess the effects of these recommendations on post-crisis psychological states is limited...
June 2018: Proceedings of the ... International AAAI Conference on Weblogs and Social Media
Wendy M M Albers, Diana P K Roeg, Yolanda Nijssen, Jaap van Weeghel, Inge M B Bongers
BACKGROUND: Persons with severe mental illness are more prone to victimization and experience more difficulties regarding societal participation than other community members. These experiences vary greatly among individuals. Community mental health care should offer more individualized support by addressing these differences in experience. Therefore, this study aimed to identify subgroups of outpatients with severe mental illness based on their experiences of social participation and victimization...
2018: PloS One
Bojoura Schouten, Dominiek De Jonckheere, Marc Aerts, Jochen Decaestecker, Daan Walgraeve, Patrick Vankrunkelsven, Johan Hellings
PURPOSE: Systematic assessment of QOL and care needs was applied in two gastroenterology departments to support "Cancer Care for the Whole Patient." METHODS: Patients with digestive cancer were asked to complete the Cancer Rehabilitation Evaluation System-Short Form (CARES-SF) at the start of treatment and 3 months later. Both times CARES data were processed, and summary reports on the retained insights were sent to the reference nurse for use in further follow-up of the patient...
November 29, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Hilde Tinderholt Myrhaug, Julia Aneth Mbalilaki, Nataskja-Elena Kersting Lie, Tone Hansen, Jan Egil Nordvik
PURPOSE: To summarize evidence on the effects of multidisciplinary psychosocial rehabilitation interventions for adult cancer patients on fatigue, quality of life, participation, coping, and self-efficacy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, Embase, PyscINFO, PEDro, OT Seeker, Sociological Abstracts, CINAHL, and Cochrane CENTRAL for randomized controlled trials. Two reviewers selected articles independently. RESULTS: Thirty-one articles were included and four meta-analyses were conducted...
November 29, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Tin-Kwang Lin, Pao-Ta Yu, Lian-Yu Lin, Ping-Yen Liu, Yi-Da Li, Chiu-Tien Hsu, Yih-Ru Cheng, Chun-Yin Yeh, Shu-Shu Wong, Shih-An Pai, Huey-Ling Shee, Chia-Ying Weng
BACKGROUND: Many patients with coronary artery heart disease are unable to access traditional psychosocial rehabilitation conducted face to face due to excessive travel distance. Therefore, this study developed and assessed the feasibility and acceptability of an 8-week Internet-based cognitive-behavior group therapy program, described the patterns of use and measured change in risk factors. METHODS: This study adopted an online video conference system, JointNet, to maintain group interaction functions similar to face to face groups online, and also built an self-learning platform to deliver psychoeducation content and cognitive-behavior therapy related materials and homework...
2018: PloS One
Nicolai Mikkelsen, Christian Have Dall, Marianne Frederiksen, Annette Holdgaard, Hanne Rasmusen, Eva Prescott
PURPOSE: To determine whether cardiac patients with psychosocial or socioeconomic problems have lower peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak) and whether these factors modify the effect of cardiac rehabilitation (CR). METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of patients with ischemic heart disease, valvular heart disease, or heart failure referred for CR. VO2peak was assessed by a maximal cardiopulmonary exercise test. Pre-existing depression was defined by use of antidepressants and new-onset depression by a modified Primary Care Evaluation of Mental Disorders (PRIME-MD) questionnaire at CR intake...
November 27, 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
A L Almada, P Casquinha, V Cotovio, M J Heitor Dos Santos, A Caixeiro
Palliative care is an approach to incurable and/or severe disease with limited prognosis, aiming to relieve the suffering and improve the quality of life of patients and their families. The existence of psychopathology is common in patients undergoing palliative care, and psychiatric comorbidities, such as depression and anxiety, are frequent and often underdiagnosed. This work constitutes a review of the literature and a reflection on the potential role of psychosocial rehabilitation in mental health in palliative care...
December 2018: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
Zhengjia Ren, PeiChao Zhang, HongTao Wang, Hongyan Wang
BACKGROUND: Psychological disturbances are prevalent in people with burn injuries; however, psychological services are rarely accessiblepost-burn injury in China. The objective of this qualitative study was to explore and conceptualize the obstacles to delivering mental health care in burn injury patients. METHODS: The researchers used a grounded theory research approach to interview sixteen burn injury patients, five nurses, four rehabilitation therapists, five medical doctors, and eight caregivers regarding their experiences with current health care services and barriers...
November 28, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Nancy M Salbach, Patricia Solomon, Kelly K O'Brien, Catherine Worthington, Larry Baxter, Georgina Blanchard, Alan Casey, Will Chegwidden, Le-Ann Dolan, Sarah Eby, Nicole Gervais
RATIONALE, AIMS, AND OBJECTIVES: A comprehensive electronic guide (e-module) describing an interprofessional, evidence-informed approach to HIV rehabilitation was developed as an education resource for rehabilitation professionals. We developed a guideline implementation tool, consisting of a 10-week, case-based education intervention delivered by email, that was perceived to increase rehabilitation professionals' (occupational therapists (OTs), physical therapists (PTs), and speech language pathologists (SLPs)) knowledge and confidence to apply best practices in HIV rehabilitation...
November 26, 2018: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
Matthias Bethge, Miriam Markus, Marco Streibelt, Christian Gerlich, Michael Schuler
OBJECTIVES: Work-related components are an essential part of rehabilitation programs to support return to work of patients with musculoskeletal disorders. In Germany, a guideline for work-related medical rehabilitation was developed to increase work-related treatment components. In addition, new departments were approved to implement work-related medical rehabilitation programs. The aim of our study was to explore the state of implementation of the guideline's recommendations by describing the change in the delivered dose of work-related treatments...
December 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Edan Critchfield, Kathleen M Bain, Crystal Goudeau, Christopher J Gillis, Maria Teresa Gomez-Lansidel, Blessen C Eapen
The Department of Veterans Affairs Polytrauma Transitional Rehabilitation Program was established to extend the rehabilitation of veterans and active duty service members past the acute phase and reintegrate them into the community. Effective community reintegration is best achieved with a diverse interdisciplinary team that treats patients' physical, cognitive, and psychological deficits in a collaborative approach. Barriers, such as lack of accurate awareness of functional limitations and premorbid psychosocial stressors, can limit the recovery process...
February 2019: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
Ragnhild J Tveit Sekse, Gail Dunberger, Mette Linnet Olesen, Maria Østerbye, Lene Seibaek
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To review the literature on Nordic women's lived experiences and quality of life (QoL) after gynaecological cancer treatment. BACKGROUND: While incidence and survival are increasing in all groups of gynaecological cancers in the Nordic countries, inpatient hospitalization has become shorter in relation to treatment. This has increased the need for follow-up and rehabilitation. DESIGN: Integrative literature review using the Equator PRISMA guidelines...
November 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Suzanne G M van Hees, Simone Knuijt, Heleen Dicke, Jan T Groothuis, Joost Raaphorst, Ton Satink, Edith H C Cup
PURPOSE: To develop and evaluate an interdisciplinary group intervention for patients with myotonic dystrophy regarding healthy nutrition, meal preparation, and consumption, called Meet and Eat. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A design-based approach was used, exploring experiences and needs of patients with myotonic dystrophy and their next of kin. This resulted in a 4-week interdisciplinary outpatient group intervention to increase awareness and change behavior. In a mixed-method feasibility study this intervention was evaluated with participants and facilitators...
November 20, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Brydne M Edwards, Eric Smart, Gillian King, C J Curran, Shauna Kingsnorth
PURPOSE: There is a growing movement in pediatric rehabilitation to understand how approaches addressing aspects beyond body function contribute to enhanced psychosocial well-being. Among such approaches is the use of creative arts. A scoping review was undertaken to synthesize the current literature on performance and visual arts-based programs and outcomes for children with disabilities. METHODS: Data sources included CINAHL, MEDLINE, and PsycINFO. Eligible articles described programs involving performing or visual art activities in community and ambulatory care settings, delivered to children between 6 and 18 years with physical or developmental disabilities, and reported on at least one psychosocial outcome...
November 18, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Felicity G Hurst, Tamara Ownsworth, Elizabeth Beadle, David H K Shum, Jennifer Fleming
PURPOSE: To investigate the evidence for domain-specific deficits in self-awareness on the Patient Competency Rating Scale (PCRS) and the relationship to psychosocial outcomes after severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS: Fifty-six adults with severe TBI (75% males, M age =36.96, SD = 12.96), and 50 age- and gender-matched controls (72% male, M age =34.12, SD = 11.43) were administered the PCRS self-report form, and the Depression, Anxiety, Stress Scales...
November 18, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Immacolata d'Errico
In this paper I'm going to illustrate my experience related to the six month narrative laboratory with the psychiatric patients of the Daily Psychiatric Center located in Rutigliano. This project originated from my own way of conceiving the concept of Psychiatric and Psychosocial Rehabilitation in terms of Therapeìa, that is in my view the regaining "sense and meaning" as the essence of rehabilitation therapy. My goal was to awaken thoughts, words, gestures, emotions in order to reconnect an interrupted dialogue with themselves and start an initial storytelling experience...
November 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Markus Besemann, Jacqueline Hebert, James M. Thompson, Rory A. Cooper, Gaurav Gupta, Suzette Brémault-Phillips, Sarah J. Dentry
Medical interventions regarding trauma resuscitation have increased survivorship to levels not previously attained. Multiple examples from recent conflicts illustrate the potential return to high-level function of severely injured service members following medical and rehabilitative interventions. This review addresses the goals of rehabilitation, distills hard-won lessons of the last decade of military trauma and rehabilitation, and recommends the use of a bio-psychosocial-spiritual approach to care that can be applied at all tiers of the health care system...
December 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
Hanna Vuorimaa, Leena Leppänen, Hannu Kautiainen, Marja Mikkelsson, Maiju Hietanen, Heli Vilen, Heini Pohjankoski
Background and aims A targeted pain program may prevent the progression and subsequent occurrence of chronic pain in adolescents. This study tested the effectiveness of a new acceptance and commitment therapy -based pain management intervention, using physical and psychological functions as the outcomes. The objective was also to determine whether Pediatric Pain Screening Tool risk profiles function as outcome moderator in the current sample. A valid screening tool would enable the program development. Methods Thirty-two consecutive adolescent patients (13-17 years old) with idiopathic recurrent musculoskeletal pain completed the study...
November 9, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
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