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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30120829/effect-of-rehabilitation-on-fatigue-level-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#1
Wioletta Mikuľáková, Eleonóra Klímová, Lucia Kendrová, Miloslav Gajdoš, Marek Chmelík
BACKGROUND The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of a rehabilitation program in changing the perception of fatigue in patients with multiple sclerosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS The study involved 65 respondents/patients with clinically confirmed multiple sclerosis (54 women, 11 men, average age 46.49 years). The evaluation of the effects of fatigue on the physical, psychological, and psychosocial aspects of life was assessed using the Modified Fatigue Impact Scale (MFIS). To test the effectiveness of the neurorehabilitation program, we enrolled 2 groups: the experimental group (EG, n=32, 29 women, 3 men, Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) 4...
August 18, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30113247/design-and-acceptability-of-a-psychosocial-text-messaging-intervention-for-victims-of-gender-based-violence
#2
Yolanda García, Carlos Ferrás, Álvaro Rocha, Adrián Aguilera
Mobile phones can produce detailed and personalized data to help diagnose, treat, prevent or rehabilitate women who are victims of gender violence. We sent automatic text messages, based on cognitive-behavioural therapy, to female victims of gender violence to assess the feasibility of the medium for mental health intervention. During the 28-day intervention period, each woman received four automatic text messages every day on a pre-established schedule. We evaluated symptoms of depression using the Personal Health Questionnaire-9...
August 16, 2018: Health Informatics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30113198/psychosocial-adjustment-to-a-lower-limb-amputation-ten-months-after-surgery
#3
Susana Pedras, Estela Vilhena, Rui Carvalho, M Graça Pereira
OBJECTIVE: This longitudinal multisite study examined the influence of demographic characteristics, psychological reactions, functionality, coping strategies, and social support on psychosocial adjustment to lower limb amputation 10 months after surgery. METHOD: Of an initial referral of 206 Portuguese patients, a sample of 86 patients who underwent a lower limb amputation due to Diabetes Mellitus Type II were evaluated during the hospitalization that preceded surgery (t0) and at inpatient follow-up consultations, 1 (t1), 6 (t2), and 10 months (t3) after surgery...
August 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30111527/effectiveness-of-serious-gaming-during-the-multidisciplinary-rehabilitation-of-patients-with-complex-chronic-pain-or-fatigue-natural-quasi-experiment
#4
Miel Ap Vugts, Margot Cw Joosen, Agali Mert, Aglaia Me Zedlitz, Hubertus Jm Vrijhoef
BACKGROUND: Current evidence for the effectiveness of specialist multidisciplinary programs for burdensome chronic pain and functional somatic syndromes drives the effort to improve approaches, strategies, and delivery modes. It remains unknown to what extent and in what respect serious gaming during the regular outpatient rehabilitation can contribute to health outcomes. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of our study were to determine the effect of additional serious gaming on (1) physical and emotional functioning in general; (2) particular outcome domains; and (3) patient global impressions of change, general health, and functioning and to determine (4) the dependency of serious gaming effects on adherence...
August 15, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30105771/social-stress-potentiated-methamphetamine-seeking
#5
Ashley M Blouin, Swathi Pisupati, Colton G Hoffer, Madalyn Hafenbreidel, Sarah E Jamieson, Gavin Rumbaugh, Courtney A Miller
Human studies of substance use disorder show that psychological stress and drug availability interact following rehabilitation, contributing to the high relapse potential. Social stressors trigger particularly strong motivation for drug, but how this affects neuronal function to increase relapse is unknown. Animal models, which allow for the dissection of neural mechanisms, primarily utilize physical stressors to trigger relapse. To recapitulate psychosocial post-rehabilitation challenges in animals, we developed a model of social stress-potentiated methamphetamine (METH) seeking...
August 14, 2018: Addiction Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30098291/prevalence-localization-perception-and-management-of-pain-in-dance-an-overview
#6
Jasmin Lampe, Bernhard Borgetto, David A Groneberg, Eileen M Wanke
Background and aims Pain is a highly complex bio-psychosocial phenomenon that may present a (potential) health risk and either occurs as a warning sign or a symptom of injury. It cannot be ruled out that these rising or changing requirements in dance of all styles, are reflected in health-related outcomes such as pain. The aim of this narrative review article is to outline an overview of prevalence and localization, concepts of performance pain and injury pain, pain perception and pain management in dance. At that consequences of pain and influencing factors focusing on different dance styles or forms of professionalism are discussed...
August 11, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30094739/process-evaluation-of-a-pilot-intervention-for-psychosocial-rehabilitation-for-service-users-with-schizophrenia-in-north-west-province-south-africa
#7
Carrie Brooke-Sumner, One Selohilwe, Musawenkosi Sphiwe Mazibuko, Inge Petersen
This study investigated a non-specialist delivered programme for psychosocial rehabilitation for service users with schizophrenia in a low-resource South African setting. Forty-four service users with schizophrenia living in the community, receiving ongoing medication through primary care, participated in a structured support group. Quantitative measures (WHODAS 12 item, Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale and Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness Inventory) were assessed at baseline and 12 months. Sixteen service users were interviewed on their experiences...
August 9, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30093163/examination-of-clinical-and-psychosocial-determinants-of-exercise-capacity-change-in-cardiac-rehabilitation
#8
Emily C Gathright, Carly M Goldstein, Eric B Loucks, Andrew M Busch, Loren Stabile, Wen-Chih Wu
PURPOSE: Most cardiac rehabilitation (CR) completers improve in multiple functional and psychosocial domains. However, not all demonstrate uniform improvement in functional indicators such as exercise capacity. This study examined baseline predictors and correlates of change in exercise capacity from CR intake to completion. METHODS: CR participants (n = 488) completed assessment of metabolic equivalents (METs) via treadmill stress test, depressive symptoms, quality of life, and social support at intake and discharge...
August 6, 2018: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30092783/outcomes-of-community-based-and-home-based-pulmonary-rehabilitation-for-pneumoconiosis-patients-a-retrospective-study
#9
Eric W Tsang, Henry Kwok, Aidan K Y Chan, Kah Lin Choo, Kin Sang Chan, Kam Shing Lau, Chetwyn C H Chan
BACKGROUND: Pneumoconiosis patients receive community-based or home-based pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) for symptom management and enhancement of physical and mental well-being. This study aimed to review the clinical benefits of community-based rehabilitation programmes (CBRP) and home-based rehabilitation programmes (HBRP) for PR of pneumoconiosis patients. METHODS: Archival data of pneumoconiosis patients who participated in CBRP and HBRP between 2008 and 2011 was analysed...
August 9, 2018: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30086685/comparison-of-phase-2-cardiac-rehabilitation-outcomes-between-patients-after-transcatheter-versus-surgical-aortic-valve-replacement
#10
Hafiz M Imran, Muhammad Baig, Marjan Mujib, Charles Beale, Arlene Gaw, Loren Stabile, Nishant R Shah, Paul C Gordon, Wen-Chih Wu
Background Referral rates and outcomes of cardiac rehabilitation have not been evaluated in patients with transcatheter aortic valve replacement or compared with surgical aortic valve replacement. Method A retrospective cohort study was conducted in 488 patients who underwent transcatheter aortic valve replacement ( n = 199) and surgical aortic valve replacement ( n = 289) from a university-based statewide transcatheter aortic valve replacement/surgical aortic valve replacement program during 2015-2017...
August 8, 2018: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30084999/quality-of-care-in-long-term-care-departments-in-mental-health-facilities-across-the-czech-republic
#11
Lucie Kalisova, Marek Pav, Petr Winkler, Jiri Michalec, Helen Killaspy
Background: In the region of Central and Eastern Europe, long-term departments at psychiatric hospitals provide a large proportion of the care for people with complex mental health needs. The System of United Psychiatric Rehabilitation (S.U.P.R.) project focussed on the implementation of a complex set of interventions of psychosocial rehabilitation to increase the quality of care. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of the S.U.P.R. psychosocial rehabilitation programme on the quality of care at the longer-term inpatient psychiatric departments...
August 6, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30075751/managing-patients-with-prediabetes-and-type-2-diabetes-after-coronary-events-individual-tailoring-needed-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
John Munkhaugen, Jøran Hjelmesæth, Jan Erik Otterstad, Ragnhild Helseth, Stina Therese Sollid, Erik Gjertsen, Lars Gullestad, Joep Perk, Torbjørn Moum, Einar Husebye, Toril Dammen
BACKGROUND: Understanding the determinants associated with prediabetes and type 2 diabetes in coronary patients may help to individualize treatment and modelling interventions. We sought to identify sociodemographic, medical and psychosocial factors associated with normal blood glucose (HbA1c < 5.7%), prediabetes (HbA1c 5.7-6.4%), and type 2 diabetes. METHODS: A cross-sectional explorative study applied regression analyses to investigate the factors associated with glycaemic status and control (HbA1c level) in 1083 patients with myocardial infarction and/or a coronary revascularization procedure...
August 3, 2018: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30072944/sleep-duration-and-physical-activity-profiles-associated-with-self-reported-stroke-in-the-united-states-application-of-bayesian-belief-network-modeling-techniques
#13
Azizi A Seixas, Dwayne A Henclewood, Stephen K Williams, Ram Jagannathan, Alberto Ramos, Ferdinand Zizi, Girardin Jean-Louis
Introduction: Physical activity (PA) and sleep are associated with cerebrovascular disease and events like stroke. Though the interrelationships between PA, sleep, and other stroke risk factors have been studied, we are unclear about the associations of different types, frequency and duration of PA, sleep behavioral patterns (short, average and long sleep durations), within the context of stroke-related clinical, behavioral, and socio-demographic risk factors. The current study utilized Bayesian Belief Network analysis (BBN), a type of machine learning analysis, to develop profiles of physical activity (duration, intensity, and frequency) and sleep duration associated with or no history of stroke, given the influence of multiple stroke predictors and correlates...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30072156/results-of-the-sedentary-intervention-trial-in-cardiac-rehabilitation-sit-cr-study-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Stephanie A Prince, Jennifer L Reed, Lisa M Cotie, Jennifer Harris, Andrew L Pipe, Robert D Reid
BACKGROUND: Sedentary time (ST) is negatively associated with cardiometabolic health and fitness. Traditional cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programming may not significantly reduce ST. The objectives of the study were to assess the feasibility and practicality of activPAL devices for measuring ST in CR, and whether prompting cues to interrupt sedentary behaviour can decrease ST and improve clinical outcomes. METHODS: An 8-week, two-arm pilot randomized controlled trial allocated coronary artery disease patients to either a control (usual care CR) or intervention (CR + sedentary prompts from an activPAL3-VT) group...
July 19, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30067787/screening-for-neuropsychological-impairment-in-copd-patients-undergoing-rehabilitation
#15
Antonia Pierobon, Laura Ranzini, Valeria Torlaschi, Elisa Sini Bottelli, Anna Giardini, Claudio Bruschi, Roberto Maestri, Simona Callegari, Rita Raccanelli, Marinella Sommaruga
INTRODUCTION: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a complex multi-component disorder characterized by progressive irreversible respiratory symptoms and extrapulmonary comorbidities, including anxiety-depression and mild cognitive impairment (MCI). However, the prevalence of these impairments is still uncertain, due to non-optimal screening methods. This observational cross-sectional multicentre study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of anxiety-depressive symptoms and MCI in COPD patients, identify the most appropriate cognitive tests to screen MCI, and investigate specific cognitive deficits in these patients and possible predictive factors...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30059815/effectiveness-of-a-strength-oriented-psychoeducation-on-caregiving-competence-problem-solving-abilities-psychosocial-outcomes-and-physical-health-among-family-caregiver-of-stroke-survivors-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Ho Yu Cheng, Sek Ying Chair, Janita Pak Chun Chau
BACKGROUND: Family caregivers provide the foundation for long-term home care of stroke survivors. The overwhelming stress associated with caregiving hinders the ability of family caregivers to utilise their internal and external resources to cope with this situation, thereby placing their own health at risk. We conducted a randomised controlled trial of a strength-oriented psychoeducational programme on conventional stroke rehabilitation for family caregivers. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of a strength-oriented psychoeducational programme on the caregiving competence, problem-solving coping abilities, caregiver's depressive symptoms, caregiving burden and resources (family functioning, social support) and physical health (such as caregiving-related injury), as well as potential placement of stroke survivors...
July 27, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30055410/impact-of-perceived-course-of-illness-on-the-desire-for-social-distance-towards-people-with-symptoms-of-schizophrenia-in-hanoi-vietnam
#17
Lara Kim Martensen, Eric Hahn, Tien Duc Cao, Georg Schomerus, Main Huong Nguyen, Kerem Böge, Tat Dinh Nguyen, Aditya Mungee, Michael Dettling, Matthias C Angermeyer, Thi Minh Tam Ta
In Vietnam, stigmatisation and discrimination of patients with mental illness are highly prevalent. This study explores whether the perception of course of illness of people with symptoms indicating schizophrenia is associated with the desire for social distance in the Vietnamese public. A population-based survey (n = 455) using unlabelled vignettes for schizophrenia was carried out in the Hanoi municipality in 2013. First, a factor analysis was performed to group items indicating perception of prognosis...
June 18, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30055162/employment-stability-in-the-first-5-years-after-moderate-to-severe-traumatic-brain-injury
#18
Dominic DiSanto, Raj Kumar, Shannon B Juengst, Tessa Hart, Therese M O'Neil-Pirozzi, Nathan Zasler, Thomas A Novack, Christina Dillahunt-Aspillaga, Kristin M Graham, Bridget A Cotner, Amanda Rabinowitz, Sureyya Dikmen, Janet Niemeier, Matthew R Kesinger, Amy K Wagner
OBJECTIVE: To characterize employment stability and identify predictive factors of employment stability in working-age individuals after moderate to severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) that may be clinically addressed. DESIGN: Longitudinal observational study of an inception cohort from the Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems National Database (TBIMS-NDB) using data at years 1, 2, and 5 post-TBI. SETTING: Inpatient rehabilitation centers with telephone follow-up...
July 25, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30047490/evaluation-of-the-efficacy-of-a-south-african-psychosocial-model-for-the-rehabilitation-of-torture-survivors
#19
Dominique Dix-Peek, Dominique Dix-Peek, Merle Werbeloff
To address the consequences of past torture experiences as well as current traumas and daily stressors, the Centre for the Study of Violence and Reconciliation (CSVR) developed a contextually appropriate psychosocial framework for the rehabilitation of individuals who have been affected by torture. METHOD: To test the efficacy of this framework, a quasiexperimental study was conducted with torture survivor clients of the CSVR who met the 1985 United Nations Convention Against Torture (UNCAT) definition...
2018: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30045632/a-sequential-cognitive-and-physical-approach-scopa-for-patellofemoral-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-adolescent-patients
#20
Mitchell Selhorst, William Rice, Michael Jackowski, Todd Degenhart, Shaun Coffman
OBJECTIVE: To compare a sequential treatment algorithm considering psychosocial and physical impairments, with a conventional rehabilitation approach considering only physical impairments in adolescents with patellofemoral pain. DESIGN: A randomized, single-blind, controlled study. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty-five adolescents (36 females; mean age 14.3 ± 1.8 years). INTERVENTIONS: The sequential cognitive and physical approach (SCOPA) group ( n = 28) was treated based on sequential testing and treatment of activity-related fear, flexibility, kinematics, and strength...
July 26, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
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