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Sirt aging

Rashmi Laddha, Monica Mahajania, Amruta Khadse, Rajat Bajaj, Rashmi Jawade, Shashwati Choube
AIM: Periodontitis is considered as infection in periodontal supporting structure leading to tooth mobility and ulcerated periodontal pockets. The present study was conducted to assess Sirtuin 3 (SIRT 3) and SIRT 4 level in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) and periodontitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study was conducted on 60 subjects. Subjects were divided into four groups, groups I to IV. Each group comprised of 15 subjects. In all subjects, fasting blood glucose level was assessed...
October 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Sadiya Bi Shaikh, Ashwini Prabhu, Yashodhar Prabhakar Bhandary
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a severe, incurable, age-associated respiratory disorder that has gained significance because of its unknown etiology and lack of therapeutic approaches. IPF causes maximum damage to the alveolar epithelial cells, thereby leading to lung remodeling and initiating epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT). The actual molecular mechanisms underlying IPF still remain unclear, and knowledge about these mechanisms would be helpful in its diagnosis. Sirtuins (Sirt) are class of NAD+-dependent proteins, widely known to exert positive and protective effects on age-related diseases such as diabetes, cancer, and so on, and are also involved in regulating IPF...
November 2, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Long T Nguyen, Hui Chen, Amgad Zaky, Carol Pollock, Sonia Saad
KEY POINTS: Maternal high-fat diet (MHF) consumption led to metabolic and liver disorders in male offspring, which are associated with reduced sirtuin (SIRT)1 expression and activity in the offspring liver SIRT1 overexpression in MHF offspring reduced their body weight and adiposity and normalized lipid metabolic markers in epididymal and retroperitoneal adipose tissues SIRT1 overexpression in MHF offspring improved glucose tolerance, as well as systemic and hepatic insulin sensitivity SIRT1 overexpression ameliorated MHF-induced lipogenesis, oxidative stress and fibrogenesis in the liver of offspring...
October 31, 2018: Journal of Physiology
Sifan Sun, Xiaojuan Han, Xueting Li, Qiqi Song, Ming Lu, Miaomiao Jia, Jianhua Ding, Gang Hu
Recently, emerging evidences show that sirtuins (SIRTs) modulate aging progress and affect neurodegenerative diseases. For example, inhibition of SIRT2 has been recognized to exert neuroprotective effects in Parkinson's disease (PD). However, current SIRT2 inhibitors are lack of selective property distinguished from its homolog. In this study, we found that SIRT2 protein level was highly increased in PD model, which was negatively regulated by miR-212-5p. In detail, miR-212-5p transfection reduced SIRT2 expression and inhibited SIRT2 activity...
2018: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
Anthony J Donato, Daniel R Machin, Lisa A Lesniewski
Advancing age promotes cardiovascular disease (CVD), the leading cause of death in the United States and many developed nations. Two major age-related arterial phenotypes, large elastic artery stiffening and endothelial dysfunction, are independent predictors of future CVD diagnosis and likely are responsible for the development of CVD in older adults. Not limited to traditional CVD, these age-related changes in the vasculature also contribute to other age-related diseases that influence mammalian health span and potential life span...
September 14, 2018: Circulation Research
Seon Yeong Chae, Sun Young Park, Geuntae Park
Oxidative stress‑induced cellular senescence is an important contributor to the pathogenesis of age‑related macular degeneration (AMD). Characteristics of premature cellular senescence include a loss of proliferation, change in cell shape, irreversible cell cycle arrest, and elevated senescence‑associated β‑galactosidase (SA‑β‑gal) activity. It was hypothesized that lutein may have anti‑senescence potential and may be useful as a treatment for AMD. In the present study, premature cellular senescence was induced in ARPE‑19 cells via treatment with H2O2 and the effects of lutein application were confirmed by observing cell morphology, lysosome contents, reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and SA‑β‑gal activity, and cell cycle progression...
December 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Alessia Mongelli, Carlo Gaetano
A large body of evidence reports about the positive effects of physical activity in pathophysiological conditions associated with aging. Physical exercise, alone or in combination with other medical therapies, unquestionably causes reduction of symptoms in chronic non-transmissible diseases often leading to significant amelioration or complete healing. The molecular basis of this exciting outcome-however, remain largely obscure. Epigenetics, exploring at the interface between environmental signals and the remodeling of chromatin structure, promises to shed light on this intriguing matter possibly contributing to the identification of novel therapeutic targets...
October 9, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Mark Lipphardt, Hassan Dihazi, Gerhard A Müller, Michael S Goligorsky
Sirtuins (SIRT) are ubiquitous histone and protein deacetylases and a member of this family, SIRT1, is the best-studied one. Its functions in endothelial cells encompass branching angiogenesis, activation of endothelial nitric oxide synthase, regulation of proapoptotic and proinflammatory pathways, among others. Defective SIRT1 activity has been described in various cardiovascular, renal diseases and in aging-associated conditions. Therefore, understanding of SIRT1-deficient, endothelial dysfunctional phenotype has much to offer clinically...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Hyopil Kim, Hyun-Seok Kim, Bong-Kiun Kaang
A class of NAD-dependent protein deacetylases, the Sirtuin (SIRT) family of proteins is involved in aging, cell survival, and neurodegeneration. Recently, SIRT proteins, including SIRT6, have been reported to be important in learning and memory. However, the role of SIRT6 in excitatory brain neurons in cognitive behaviors is not well characterized. We investigated how cognitive behaviors are affected by genetic SIRT6 depletion in excitatory neurons in the mouse forebrain. We generated a conditional knockout (cKO) mouse line by mating two transgenic lines, Floxed SIRT6 and CaMKIIa-Cre...
September 6, 2018: Molecular Brain
Wei Yu, Jinjin Qin, Chunjuan Chen, Yucai Fu, Wei Wang
Calorie restriction (CR) extends the lifespan of mammals and improves cardiac function by attenuation of age‑associated alterations. Sirtuins (SIRT) are involved in these mechanisms, however, the extent to which CR affects cardiac function and sirtuin expression remains unknown. Therefore, the present study aimed to determine to what extent CR affects cardiac function and sirtuin expression. A total of 60 female Sprague‑Dawley rats were randomly divided into four groups, including normal control (NC), 25% calorie restriction (25% CR), 45% calorie restriction (45% CR) and high‑fat diet (HF)...
August 16, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Stefania Mariani, Maria R di Giorgio, Paolo Martini, Agnese Persichetti, Giuseppe Barbaro, Sabrina Basciani, Savina Contini, Eleonora Poggiogalle, Antonio Sarnicola, Alfredo Genco, Carla Lubrano, Aldo Rosano, Lorenzo M Donini, Andrea Lenzi, Lucio Gnessi
Context: Sirtuins (SIRTs) are NAD+-dependent deacetylases, cellular sensors to detect energy availability, and modulate metabolic processes. SIRT1, the most studied family member, influences a number of tissues including adipose tissue. Expression and activity of SIRT1 reduce with weight gain and increase in conditions of starvation. Objective: To focus on SIRT1 plasma concentrations in different conditions of adiposity and to correlate SIRT1 with fat content and distribution, energy homeostasis and inflammation in under-weight, normal-weight, and obese individuals...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
Rebecca M Parodi-Rullán, Xavier R Chapa-Dubocq, Sabzali Javadov
A growing number of studies have demonstrated the role of post-translational modifications of proteins, particularly acetylation, in human diseases including neurodegenerative and cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, cancer, and in aging. Acetylation of mitochondrial proteins has been shown to be involved in the pathogenesis of cardiac diseases such as myocardial infarction (ischemia-reperfusion) and heart failure. Indeed, over 60% of mitochondrial proteins contain acetylation sites, and most of these proteins are involved in mitochondrial bioenergetics...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Junnan Ma, Seok Yong Kang, Xianglong Meng, An Na Kang, Jong Hun Park, Yong-Ki Park, Hyo Won Jung
With the aging process, a loss of skeletal muscle mass and dysfunction related to metabolic syndrome is observed in older people. Yams are commonly use in functional foods and medications with various effects. The present study was conducted to investigate the effects of rhizome extract of Dioscorea batatas (Dioscoreae Rhizoma, Chinese yam) and its bioactive compound, allantoin, on myoblast differentiation and mitochondrial biogenesis in skeletal muscle cells. Yams were extracted in water and allantoin was analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)...
August 13, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
S Young, A Taylor, J Golzarian, S Flanagan, D D'Souza, T Sanghvi
PURPOSE: The goal of this retrospective review was to determine the clinical relevance of one-month post-treatment imaging in the selective internal radiation therapy (SIRT) patient population by reporting the incidence of change in clinical management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 2012 and January 2016, 85 patients underwent 109 SIRT treatments for either primary or secondary hepatic malignancies. There were 59 men and 26 women with a mean age of 62.4 years (range: 39-89 years)...
August 3, 2018: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging
Muaz Belviranlı, Nilsel Okudan
This study aimed to determine the effect of exercise training on cognitive functioning, and hippocampal PGC-1α, FNDC5, BDNF, and other cognition-related gene and protein expression in rats. Rats were divided into 4 groups based on age [3 months (young) vs. 20 months (aged)] and training status (control vs. exercise training). The rats that exercised voluntarily performed exercise training for 90 days, and then all the rats underwent several methods of behavioral assessment. Locomotor activity and spatial memory were lower but anxiety scores were higher in the aged control rats, than in the young control, young exercised, and aged exercised rats (P < 0...
September 2018: Neuromolecular Medicine
Suzan Demir Pektas, Gursoy Dogan, Tuba Gokdogan Edgunlu, Sevim Karakas-Celik, Esra Ermis, Nilgun Solak Tekin
Background: Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disorder, which is characterized by a heightened immunological response. Although the immunogenetics of this chronic inflammatory disorder is poorly understood, its expression is known to be dependent on proinflammatory cytokines. It is known that two distinct subtypes of chronic plaque psoriasis: Early-onset psoriasis (EOP) before the age of 40 years and late-onset psoriasis after the age of 40 years. Forkhead box class O3A (FOXO3A) is a transcription factor, which plays an important role in cell-cycle regulation, apoptosis, oxidative stress, and DNA repair...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Dermatology
Dajun Zhao, Yang Sun, Yanzhen Tan, Zhengbin Zhang, Zuoxu Hou, Chao Gao, Pan Feng, Xing Zhang, Wei Yi, Feng Gao
Background: Exercise benefits to cardiac rehabilitation (CR) following stable myocardial infarction (MI). The suitable exercise duration for aged patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) remains controversial, and the underlying molecular mechanism is still unclear. Methods and Results: 18-Month-old mice after stable MI were randomly submitted to different durations of exercise, including 15 and 60 min swimming training (ST) once per day, five times a week for 8 weeks...
2018: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Subir Roy Chowdhury, Jelena Djordjevic, Ella Thomson, Darrell R Smith, Benedict C Albensi, Paul Fernyhough
AIMS: Abnormalities in mitochondrial function under diabetic conditions can lead to deficits in function of cortical neurons and their support cells exhibiting a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of several neurodegenerative disorders, including Alzheimer's disease. We aimed to assess mitochondrial respiration rates and membrane potential or H2 O2 generation simultaneously and expression of proteins involved in mitochondrial dynamics, ROS scavenging and AMPK/SIRT/PGC-1α pathway activity in cortex under diabetic conditions...
May 23, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Neurosciences
Venkateswara Reddy Gogulamudi, Jinjin Cai, Lisa A Lesniewski
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) remain the leading causes of death in the US, and advancing age is a primary risk factor. Impaired endothelium dependent dilation and increased stiffening of the arteries with aging are independent predictors of CVD. Increased tissue and systemic oxidative stress and inflammation underlie this age-associated arterial dysfunction. Calorie restriction (CR) is the most powerful intervention known to increase lifespan and improve age-related phenotypes, including arterial dysfunction...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Applied Physiology
Mengwen Zhou, Jing Luo, Huiming Zhang
Sirtuin (SIRT)1, a member of the SIRT family, is a highly conserved NAD+‑dependent histone deacetylase, which has a regulatory role in numerous physiological and pathological processes by removing acetyl groups from various proteins. SIRT1 controls the activity of numerous transcription factors and cofactors, which impacts the downstream gene expression, and eventually alleviates oxidative stress and associated damage. Numerous studies have revealed that dysfunction of SIRT1 is linked with ocular diseases, including cataract, age‑associated macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy and glaucoma, while ectopic upregulation of SIRT1 protects against various ocular diseases...
July 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
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