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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734368/exploring-pralidoxime-chloride-as-a-universal-electrochemical-probe-for-organophosphorus-pesticides-detection
#1
Qiqi Zheng, Yuan Chen, Kai Fan, Jian Wu, Yibin Ying
An electrochemical method based on non-enzymatic inhibition for the determination of organophosphorus pesticide (OPPs) using pralidoxime chloride (PAM-Cl) as a universal electrochemical probe was reported. Cyclic voltammetry was performed to characterize the redox properties of pralidoxime and OPPs. Differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) was carried out to analyze the influence of anion (chloride and iodide ions), to optimize the pH of testing condition, and to explore the relationship between pralidoxime and OPPs...
August 22, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732957/sonochemical-synthesis-of-silver-nanoparticles-anchored-reduced-graphene-oxide-nanosheets-for-selective-and-sensitive-detection-of-glutathione
#2
Victor Vinoth, Jerry J Wu, Abdullah M Asiri, Sambandam Anandan
Developed here an eco-friendly, one-pot approach toward rapid synthesis of silver nanoparticles anchored reduced graphene oxide (AgNPs(TMSPED)-rGO) nanosheets via sonochemical irradiation method, using an aqueous solution mixture of GO and AgNO3 in the presence of N-[3(trimethoxysilyl)propyl] ethylenediamine (TMSPED) without any reducing agent. As synthesized decorated nanosheets was thoroughly characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray diffraction (XRD) spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS)...
November 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732346/multiplexed-aptasensor-for-simultaneous-detection-of-carcinoembryonic-antigen-and-mucin-1-based-on-metal-ion-electrochemical-labels-and-ru-nh3-6-3-electronic-wires
#3
Chao Ma, Haiyun Liu, Lina Zhang, Hao Li, Mei Yan, Xianrang Song, Jinghua Yu
In this paper, a dual-target electrochemical aptasensor has been developed for simultaneous detection of carcinoembryonic antigen and mucin-1 based on metal ion electrochemical labels and Ru(NH3)6(3+) electronic wires. When targets are present, the interaction between targets and their respective aptamers leads to the dissociation of double-strand DNA because the targets have higher affinity to its aptamer than the complementary strand. And the qualitative and quantitative analyses of the two targets are realized by the differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) peaks generated by metal ion electrochemical labels...
July 13, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732345/multichannel-electroanalytical-devices-for-competitive-elisa-of-phenylethanolamine-a
#4
Yang Liu, Meng Cai, Weiping Wu, Yuting Fang, Pei She, Shouming Xu, Jianguo Li, Kang Zhao, Jingjuan Xu, Ning Bao, Anping Deng
Herein, we reported a disposable electroanalytical device for competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) of phenylethanolamine A (PA). Conductive carbon tape coated with gold cluster served as the working electrode, while the counter and reference electrodes were fabricated on the filter paper by the screen-printing technique. Separating fabrication of the working electrode from other electrodes could make it possible for full utilization of the working electrode modification in bulk and no contamination of the immune-reagents on the counter and reference electrodes...
April 11, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732164/electrochemical-intercalation-of-mg-2-into-anhydrous-and-hydrated-crystalline-tungsten-oxides
#5
Ruocun Wang, Ching-Chang Chung, Yang Liu, Jacob L Jones, Veronica Augustyn
The reversible intercalation of multivalent cations, especially Mg(2+), into a solid-state electrode is an attractive mechanism for next-generation energy storage devices. These reactions typically exhibit poor kinetics due to a high activation energy for interfacial charge-transfer and slow solid-state diffusion. Interlayer water in V2O5 and MnO2 has been shown to improve Mg(2+) intercalation kinetics in non-aqueous electrolytes. Here, the effect of structural water on Mg(2+) intercalation in non-aqueous electrolytes is examined in crystalline WO3 and the related hydrated and layered WO3·nH2O (n = 1, 2)...
July 21, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731678/stable-and-efficient-cuo-based-photocathode-through-oxygen-rich-composition-and-au-pd-nanostructure-incorporation-for-solar-hydrogen-production
#6
Saeid Masudy-Panah, Roozbeh Siavash Moakhar, Chin Sheng Chua, Ajay Kumar Kushwaha, Goutam Kumar Dalapati
Enhancing stability against photo-corrosion and improving photocurrent response are the main challenges toward the development of cupric oxide (CuO) based photocathodes for solar-driven hydrogen production. In this paper, stable and efficient CuO-photocathodes have been developed using in-situ materials engineering and through gold-palladium (Au-Pd) nanoparticles deposition on the CuO surface. The CuO photocathode exhibits a photocurrent generation of ~3 mA/cm2 at 0V v/s RHE. Time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (TOF-SIMS) analysis and X-ray spectroscopy (XPS) confirm the formation of oxygen-rich (O-rich) CuO film which demonstrate highly stable photocathode with retained photocurrent of ~90% for 20 minutes...
July 21, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731343/-roller-wheel-pt-containing-small-molecules-and-the-impact-of-rollers-on-material-crystallinity-electronic-properties-and-solar-cell-performance
#7
Wenhan He, Maksim Y Livshits, Diane A Dickie, Zhen Zhang, Luis E Mejiaortega, Jeffrey J Rack, Qin Wu, Yang Qin
We report the synthesis, characterization and detailed comparison of a series of novel Pt-bisacetylide containing conjugated small molecules possessing an unconventional "roller-wheel" shaped structure that is distinctly different from the "dumbbell" designs in traditional Pt-bisacetylide containing conjugated polymers and small molecules. The relationship between the chemical nature and length of the "rollers" and the electronic and physical properties of the materials are carefully studied by steady state spectroscopy, cyclic voltammetry, differential scanning calorimetry, single-crystal X-ray diffraction, transient absorption spectroscopy, theoretical calculation and device application...
July 21, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731116/liquid-exfoliation-of-2d-mos2-nanosheets-and-their-utilization-as-a-label-free-electrochemical-immunoassay-for-subclinical-ketosis
#8
Satish K Tuteja, Todd Duffield, Suresh Neethirajan
We report the step-by-step fabrication of a 2D MoS2 nanostructure-based disposable electrochemical immunosensor to detect β-hydroxybutyrate (βHBA), a novel subclinical ketosis biomarker. The MoS2 nanosheets were exfoliated in the liquid phase by ultrasonication, and then followed by deposition on gold colloid modified screen-printed electrodes (Au-SPE). The MoS2-modified electrodes were thoroughly characterized by physical, electrochemical as well as spectroscopic techniques, and the obtained results indicate the successful and irreversible electrodeposition of MoS2 nanosheets...
July 21, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731078/a-mononuclear-iron-carbonyl-complex-fe-%C3%AE-bdt-co-2-pta-2-with-bulky-phosphine-ligands-a-model-for-the-fefe-hydrogenase-enzyme-active-site-with-an-inverted-redox-potential
#9
M Natarajan, H Faujdar, S M Mobin, M Stein, S Kaur-Ghumaan
A mononuclear hexa-coordinated iron carbonyl complex [Fe(μ-bdt)(CO)2(PTA)2] 1 (bdt = 1,2-benzenedithiolate; PTA = 1,3,5-triaza-7-phosphaadamantane) with two bulky phosphine ligands in the trans position was synthesized and characterized by X-ray structural analysis coulometry data, FTIR, electrochemistry and electronic structure calculations. The complex undergoes a facilitated two-electron reduction 1/12- and shows an inverted one-electron reduction for 1/1- at higher potentials. Electrochemical investigations of 1 are compared to the closely related [Fe(bdt)(CO)2(PMe3)2] compound...
July 21, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730703/synthesis-structure-and-properties-of-near-infrared-b-phenanthrene-fused-bf2-aza-dipyrromethenes
#10
Jiuen Cui, Wanle Sheng, Qinghua Wu, Changjiang Yu, Erhong Hao, Petia Bobadova-Parvanova, Marie Storer, Abdullah M Asiri, Hadi M Marwani, Lijuan Jiao
A new class of phenanthrene-fused BF2 aza-dipyrromethene (aza-BODIPY) dyes has been synthesized through tandem Suzuki reaction and oxidative ring-fusion reaction or the Palladium catalyzed intramolecular C-H activation reaction. These phenanthrene-fused aza-BODIPY dyes are highly photostable and display markedly red shifted absorption (up to 771 nm) and emission bands (around 800 nm) in the Near-Infrared (NIR) region. Density functional theory (DFT) calculation and cyclic voltammetry studies indicate that upon annulations, the more-pronounced stabilization of the LUMO is the origin of bathochromic shift of the absorption and high photostability...
July 20, 2017: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730362/removal-of-cr-vi-from-aqueous-solution-using-electrosynthesized-4-amino-3-hydroxynaphthalene-1-sulfonic-acid-doped-polypyrrole-as-adsorbent
#11
Mohamed Lamine Sall, Abdou Karim Diagne Diaw, Diariatou Gningue-Sall, Alexandre Chevillot-Biraud, Nihal Oturan, Mehmet Ali Oturan, Jean-Jacques Aaron
Polypyrrole (PPy) conducting films, doped with 4-amino-3-hydroxynaphthalene sulfonic acid (AHNSA), were electrosynthesized by anodic oxidation of pyrrole on Pt and steel electrodes in aqueous medium (0.01 M AHNSA +0.007 M NaOH, using cyclic voltammetry (CV), and their electrochemical properties were studied. Fourier-transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy confirmed the formation of AHNSA-PPy films. Their morphology was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and their optical properties, including UV-VIS absorption and fluorescence spectra, were also investigated...
July 20, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729901/aptamer-functionalized-neural-recording-electrodes-for-the-direct-measurement-of-cocaine-in-vivo
#12
I Mitch Taylor, Zhanhong Du, Emma T Bigelow, James R Eles, Anthony R Horner, Kasey A Catt, Stephen G Weber, Brian G Jamieson, X Tracy Cui
Cocaine is a highly addictive psychostimulant that acts through competitive inhibition of the dopamine transporter. In order to fully understand the region specific neuropathology of cocaine abuse and addiction, it is unequivocally necessary to develop cocaine sensing technology capable of directly measuring real-time cocaine transient events local to different brain regions throughout the pharmacokinetic time course of exposure. We have developed an electrochemical aptamer-based in vivo cocaine sensor on a silicon based neural recording probe platform capable of directly measuring cocaine from discrete brain locations using square wave voltammetry (SWV)...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Materials Chemistry. B, Materials for Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729810/the-interplay-of-electrode-and-bio-materials-in-a-redox-cycling-based-clozapine-sensor
#13
Thomas E Winkler, Robert Dietrich, Eunkyoung Kim, Hadar Ben-Yoav, Deanna L Kelly, Gregory F Payne, Reza Ghodssi
We investigate gold, TiN, and platinum in combination with a chitosan-catechol-based redox-cycling system (RCS) for electrochemical detection of the antipsychotic clozapine. We have previously demonstrated the RCS for detection of clozapine in serum, but challenges remain regarding low signal-to-noise ratios. This can be mitigated by selection of electrode materials with beneficial surface morphologies and/or compositions. We employ cyclic voltammetry to assess the redox current generated by clozapine, and differentiate solely surface-area-based effects from clozapine-specific ones using a standard redox couple...
June 2017: Electrochemistry Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728900/ultra-sensitive-aptasensor-based-on-a-gqd-nanocomposite-for-detection-of-hepatitis-c-virus-core-antigen
#14
Kazhal Ghanbari, Mahmoud Roushani, Azadeh Azadbakht
In the present study, by using the aptamer proximity binding assay strategy, a novel electrochemical aptasensor is described for ultrasensitive detection of hepatitis C virus (HCV) core antigen. The immobilization surface is prepared by the modification of a glassy carbon electrode (GCE) with a graphene quantum dots (GQD). GQD were introduced as a novel and suitable substrate for aptamers through π-π stacking interactions, the richness of hydrophilic edges as well as hydrophobic plane in GQD which enhances the aptamer absorption on the electrode surface...
July 17, 2017: Analytical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727916/transient-catalytic-voltammetry-of-sulfite-oxidase-reveals-rate-limiting-conformational-changes
#15
Ting Zeng, Silke Leimkühler, Ulla Wollenberger, Vincent Fourmond
Sulfite oxidases are metalloenzymes that oxidize sulfite to sulfate at a molybdenum active site. In vertebrate sulfite oxidases, the electrons generated at the Mo center are transferred to an external electron acceptor via a heme domain, which can adopt two conformations: a "closed" conformation, suitable for internal electron transfer, and an "open" conformation suitable for intermolecular electron transfer. This conformational change is an integral part of the catalytic cycle. Sulfite oxidases have been wired to electrode surfaces, but their immobilization lead to a significant decrease in their catalytic activity, raising the question of the occurrence of the conformational change when the enzyme is on an electrode...
July 20, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726928/comparative-study-of-non-covalent-interactions-between-cationic-n-phenylviologens-and-halides-by-electrochemistry-and-nmr-the-halogen-bonding-effect
#16
Geordie Creste, Sihem Groni, Claire Fave, Mathieu Branca, Bernd Schöllhorn
Five N-phenylviologen (PV(2+)) derivatives have been synthesized and their electrochemical behavior in the presence of halide anions has been studied. Further investigations were carried out by (1)H and (19)F NMR spectroscopy at different chloride concentrations. This is the first time a systematic study combines cyclic voltammetry and NMR spectroscopy in order to analyse the contribution of halogen bonding among the various non-covalent interactions between iodinated N-phenylviologens. The results show strong evidence for a significant "halogen bonding effect" in the interaction between halides and the iodo-tetrafluoro-phenylviologen PV2+-C6F4I...
July 20, 2017: Faraday Discussions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726895/a-fluorescence-electrochemical-study-of-carbon-nanodots-cnds-in-bio-and-photoelectronic-applications-and-energy-gap-investigation
#17
Zheng Zeng, Wendi Zhang, Durga M Arvapalli, Brian Bloom, Alex Sheardy, Taylor Mabe, Yiyang Liu, Zuowei Ji, Harish Chevva, David H Waldeck, Jianjun Wei
Carbon nanodots (CNDs) have attracted great attention due to their superior solubility, biocompatibility, tunable photoluminescence, and opto-electronic properties. This work describes a new fluorescence-based spectroelectrochemistry approach to simultaneously study the photoluminescence and wavelength dependent photocurrent of microwave synthesized CNDs. The fluorescence of CNDs shows selective quenching upon a reversible redox couple, ferricyanide/ferrocyanide, reaction during cyclic voltammetry. The CND modified gold slide electrode demonstrates wavelength dependent photocurrent generation during the fluorescence-electrochemical study, suggesting the potential application of CNDs in photoelectronics...
July 20, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726727/in-vitro-quantified-determination-of-%C3%AE-amyloid-42-peptides-a-biomarker-of-neuro-degenerative-disorders-in-pbs-and-human-serum-using-a-simple-cost-effective-thin-gold-film-biosensor
#18
Yifan Dai, Alireza Molazemhosseini, Chung Chiun Liu
A simple in vitro biosensor for the detection of β-amyloid 42 in phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) and undiluted human serum was fabricated and tested based on our platform sensor technology. The bio-recognition mechanism of this biosensor was based on the effect of the interaction between antibody and antigen of β-amyloid 42 to the redox couple probe of K₄Fe(CN)₆ and K₃Fe(CN)₆. Differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) served as the transduction mechanism measuring the current output derived from the redox coupling reaction...
July 20, 2017: Biosensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726423/radical-difluoromethylation-of-thiols-with-difluoromethyl-triphenylphosphonium-bromide
#19
Niklas B Heine, Armido Studer
A method for facile difluoromethylation of various thiols using (difluoromethyl)triphenylphosphonium bromide under mild reaction conditions is presented. The transformation proceeds in the absence of any transition metal using a bench-stable and readily accessible phosphonium salt. Deuterium labeling experiments and cyclic voltammetry measurements reveal that the difluoromethylation occurs via a SRN1-type mechanism. Substrate scope is broad, and various functional groups are tolerated (OH, NH2, amide, ester)...
July 20, 2017: Organic Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726367/a-systematic-approach-to-the-development-of-microfabricated-biosensors-the-relationship-between-the-gold-surface-pretreatment-and-thiolated-molecule-binding
#20
Asta Makaraviciute, Xingxing Xu, Leif Nyholm, Zhen Zhang
Despite increasing popularity of microfabricated biosensors due to advances in technological and surface functionalization strategies, their successful implementation is partially inhibited by the lack of consistency in their analytical characteristics. One of the main causes for the discrepancies is the absence of a systematic and comprehensive approach to surface functionalization. In this contribution microfabricated gold electrodes aimed at biosensor development have been systematically characterized in terms of surface pretreatment, thiolated molecule binding and reproducibility by the means of X-ray photoelectron scattering (XPS) and cyclic voltammetry (CV)...
July 20, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
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