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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30110680/serum-creatinine-and-chronic-kidney-disease-epidemiology-estimated-glomerular-filtration-rate-independent-predictors-of-renal-replacement-therapy-following-cardiac-surgery
#1
George Drosos, Fotini Ampatzidou, Pantelis Sarafidis, Theodoros Karaiskos, Athanasios Madesis, Afroditi K Boutou
BACKGROUND: Most studies evaluating predictors of renal replacement therapy (RRT) following cardiac surgery use arbitrary defined limits of preoperative serum creatinine. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of preoperative renal function using either estimated-glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) derived using Chronic Kidney Disease-Epidemiology (CKD-EPI) or serum creatinine alone as a predictor for RRT after cardiac surgery. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, baseline, intraoperative, and postoperative data of all patients who underwent an elective, urgent, or emergency cardiac surgery between 2012 and 2016 in a single center were analyzed in order to identify multivariate parameters determining the need for RRT after surgery...
August 15, 2018: American Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30110119/intrapericardial-cisplatin-combined-with-oral-colchicine-resulted-in-long-term-control-of-malignant-pericardial-effusion-in-the-course-of-metastatic-renal-cancer
#2
Małgorzata Dybowska, Monika Szturmowicz, Paweł Kuca, Barbara Kazanecka, Janusz Burakowski, Cezary Czajka, Franciszek Grzegorczyk, Renata Langfort, Barbara Burakowska, Piotr Rudziński, Witold Tomkowski
Background Neoplastic pericardial effusion (NPE) represents a common cause of morbidity and mortality in patient with cancer. NPE presents frequently as cardiac tamponade, requiring urgent pericardiocentesis or pericardiotomy, with subsequent pericardial fluid drainage. Despite high effectiveness of such procedures, the recurrence of effusion is noted in 30- 60% of patients. Intrapericardial therapy with cisplatin was found to be effective in NPE due to lung and breast cancer. Its role in cardiac tamponade due to renal cancer is unknown...
August 15, 2018: Advances in Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30107695/-the-present-situation-and-future-development-for-robotic-gastrointestinal-surgery-in-china
#3
P W Yu, Y X Hao
After ten years of development in robotic gastrointestinal surgery in China, although the number of robot surgical systems is small, the growth rate of robotic gastrointestinal surgery has grown up. Robotic gastrointestinal surgeons used the advantage of robots to perform a variety of surgical procedures with high complexity and technical difficulty, and achieved satisfactory clinical results. The robotic gastrointestinal surgeons in China are also paying attention to clinical research while carrying out robotic surgery...
August 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30107540/thromboembolic-acute-myocardial-infarction-after-aortic-valve-replacement-using-the-freestyle-stentless-aortic-bioprosthesis-with-subcoronary-valve-replacement
#4
Yusuke Watanabe, Toru Naganuma, Yosuke Kitanaka, Sunao Nakamura
A 70-year-old woman with substernal chest pain lasting 2.5 h presented to the emergency department of our hospital. She had a history of aortic valve replacement with the Freestyle stentless aortic bioprosthesis for severe aortic regurgitation 7 years ago. The initial electrocardiogram showed sinus rhythm at a rate of 71 bpm with ST-segment slight elevation in leads II, III and aVF. She was diagnosed as having acute coronary syndrome and was referred for an urgent catheterization. Urgent coronary angiography revealed total occlusion in the distal segment of the right coronary artery...
August 10, 2018: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30105635/usability-of-intraoperative-fluorescence-imaging-with-indocyanine-green-during-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-after-percutaneous-transhepatic-gallbladder-drainage
#5
Shohei Yoshiya, Ryosuke Minagawa, Keisuke Kamo, Meidai Kasai, Kenji Taketani, Takafumi Yukaya, Yasue Kimura, Tadashi Koga, Masanori Kai, Kiyoshi Kajiyama, Tomoharu Yoshizumi
BACKGROUND: Patients with persistent symptoms of acute cholecystitis for >72 h who cannot undergo urgent laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) often undergo percutaneous transhepatic gallbladder drainage (PTGBD) and delayed LC. However, intraoperative near-infrared fluorescence with indocyanine green (ICG) has recently become available in various surgical settings. Therefore, we evaluated the usability of intraoperative fluorescence imaging with ICG for LC after PTGBD in patients with acute cholecystitis...
August 13, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30105126/tension-pneumocephalus-from-skull-base-surgery-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
Charlotte Yin, Bi Yi Chen
Background: Tension pneumocephalus from skull base surgery is a rare occurrence that mandates urgent neurosurgical attention. Case Description: We describe a case of tension pneumocephalus secondary to an endoscopic endonasal resection of an adamantinomatous craniopharyngioma and how it was successfully managed at our institution. Conclusion: Our experience reflects that definitive treatment of tension pneumocephalus is required with multilayered dural repair, but temporising measures should be used immediately to prevent neurological deterioration prior to the definitive repair...
2018: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30102469/enhancing-osteosacoma-killing-and-ct-imaging-using-ultrahigh-drug-loading-and-nir-responsive-bismuth-sulfide-mesoporous-silica-nanoparticles
#7
Yao Lu, Lihua Li, Zefeng Lin, Mei Li, Xiaoming Hu, Yu Zhang, Mingying Peng, Hong Xia, Gang Han
Despite its 5-year event-free survival rate increasing to 60-65% due to surgery and chemotherapy, osteosarcoma (OS) remains one of the most threatening malignant human tumors, especially in young patients. Therefore, a new approach that combines early diagnosis with efficient tumor eradication and bioimaging is urgently needed. Here, a new type of mesoporous silica-coated bismuth sulfide nanoparticles (Bi2 S3 @MSN NPs) is developed. The well distributed mesoporous pores and large surface areas hold great promise for drug protection and encapsulation (doxorubicin (DOX), 99...
August 13, 2018: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30102425/ccr-caress-score-for-predicting-operative-mortality-in-patients-with-colorectal-cancer
#8
M Baré, L Mora, N Torà, M J Gil, I Barrio, P Collera, D Suárez, M Redondo, A Escobar, N Fernández de Larrea, J M Quintana
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess factors associated with outcomes after surgery for colorectal cancer and to design and internally validate a simple score for predicting perioperative mortality. METHODS: Patients undergoing surgery for primary invasive colorectal cancer in 22 centres in Spain between June 2010 and December 2012 were included. Clinical variables up to 30 days were collected prospectively. Multiple logistic regression techniques were applied and a risk score was developed...
August 13, 2018: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30100752/evaluation-of-combined-radiofrequency-and-chemical-blockade-of-multi-segmental-lumbar-sympathetic-ganglia-in-painful-diabetic-peripheral-neuropathy
#9
Yuanyuan Ding, Peng Yao, Hongxi Li, Rongjie Zhao, Guangyi Zhao
Background: Painful diabetic peripheral neuropathy (PDPN) is one of the most common complications of diabetes. PDPN seriously affects the quality of life and is difficult to treat; therefore, there is an urgent need for new cost-effective treatment methods for PDPN. Objective: To investigate the efficacy and safety of radiofrequency thermocoagulation (RF) combined with anhydrous ethanol (AE) chemical blockade of lumbar sympathetic ganglia (LSG) in patients with PDPN using computed tomography (CT)...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30096426/ruptured-iliac-pseudoaneurysm-after-intravesical-bacillus-calmette-gu%C3%A3-rin-urgent-endovascular-treatment-case-report-and-literaturereview
#10
Emanuela Viviani, Claudia De Gregorio, Antonio De Capua, Anna Maria Giribono, Umberto Bracale, Luca Del Guercio, Maurizio Sodo, Umberto Marcello Bracale
INTRODUCTION: Ruptured mycotic aneurysms are an extremely rare complication of intravesical Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) immunotherapy. Several cases involving various arterial sites, mostly in the thoracic or abdominal aorta,have been described in the literature. BCG immunotherapy rarely causesfalse aneurysms and open surgical repair using an in situ prosthetic graft is most commonly performed.Further to this, targetedantituberculous treatmentis required for at least one yearfollowing surgery...
August 7, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30096088/current-management-of-childhood-ptosis
#11
Daniel T Weaver
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Blepharoptosis is a common problem encountered in the pediatric ophthalmology clinic. The presentation is obvious to both parents and referring physicians and often prompts urgent consultation. The current classification and management of childhood ptosis will be reviewed. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent refinements in techniques utilizing new materials hold promise for better, more predictable outcomes and improved long-term results. Autogenous tensor tendon fascia lata harvested from the patient's thigh remains the gold standard for many ptosis surgeons in frontalis suspension; however, other materials are commonly utilized, including silicone rod, Gore-Tex (ePTFE; W...
September 2018: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30094036/transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-in-decompensated-aortic-stenosis-within-the-same-hospital-admission-early-clinical-experience
#12
Mahmoud Abdelaziz, Saib Khogali, James M Cotton, Antonella Meralgia, Maciej Matuszewski, Heyman Luckraz
Objective: Severe decompensated aortic valve stenosis is associated with noticeable reduction in survival. Until recently the options for such patients were either high-risk surgery or percutaneous balloon valvuloplasty and medical therapy which does not add any survival benefits and associated with high rate of complications. We present our experience in the use of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) in patients with decompensated severe aortic stenosis requiring urgent intervention in the same hospital admission...
2018: Open Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30091110/elective-cesarean-delivery-at-term-and-the-long-term-risk-for-respiratory-morbidity-of-the-offspring
#13
Yael Baumfeld, Asnat Walfisch, Tamar Wainstock, Idit Segal, Ruslan Sergienko, Daniella Landau, Eyal Sheiner
Maternal morbidity is associated with cesarean deliveries. However, new evidence suggests that short- and long-term neonatal morbidity is also associated. This includes respiratory morbidity with conflicting results. To determine whether mode of delivery has an impact on the long-term risk for respiratory morbidity in the offspring, a population-based cohort analysis was conducted including all singleton term deliveries occurring between 1991 and 2014 at a single tertiary medical center. A comparison was performed between children delivered via elective cesarean delivery (CD) and those delivered vaginally...
August 8, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30088428/development-of-patient-derived-orthotopic-xenografts-from-metastatic-colorectal-cancer-in-nude-mice
#14
Bruno Roque Lima, Caroline Correa de Tulio Augusto Roque, Maria Dirlei Begnami, Patricia Peresi, Eduardo Nobrega Pereira Lima, Celso Abdon Lopes de Mello, Felipe José Fernandez Coimbra, Rubens Chojniak, Tiago Goss Santos
Liver metastasis is the major cause of death for patients with colorectal cancer. Despite treatment with surgery and chemotherapy, patient outcomes are quite unfavorable. Thus, there is an urgent need to develop new treatment strategies with the associated establishment of good animal models. Metastatic disease can be modeled using patient-derived orthotopic xenografts, which accurately replicate intra-tumoral heterogeneity, so that various chemotherapeutic agents can be tested on individual tumors to aid in clinical decision-making...
August 8, 2018: Journal of Drug Targeting
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30083823/workup-and-management-of-native-and-prosthetic-valve-endocarditis
#15
REVIEW
Aref A Bin Abdulhak, Abdul H Qazi, Imad M Tleyjeh
Infective endocarditis (IE) is associated with significant serious adverse outcomes including death. IE usually presents with diverse clinical picture and syndromic diagnoses including heart failure, stroke, and peripheral embolization. Given variable, vague, and syndromic presentations, the diagnosis of IE may be delayed for days to weeks. Maintaining a high index of suspicion among clinicians is the key to early recognition of the disease and prompt initiation of antimicrobial therapy to prevent IE-associated mortality and morbidity...
August 7, 2018: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30083318/diagnostic-and-prognostic-value-of-circulating-lncrna-h19-in-gastric-cancer
#16
Ebru Esin Yörüker, Metin Keskin, Cemil Burak Kulle, Stefan Holdenrieder, Ugur Gezer
Gastric cancer (GC) is among the most frequent malignant diseases. Despite advances in treatment, the clinical outcome of patients with GC remains poor. The establishment of novel biomarkers is urgently required for early detection, treatment evaluation and prognostic assessment. Non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) are a key topic of intensive research due to their potential applications in the field of oncology. The long ncRNA H19 has been frequently reported as overexpressed in many cancers including GC. In the present study, the diagnostic and prognostic value of circulating H19 in GC was assessed...
August 2018: Biomedical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30081442/where-are-you-going-nephrology-considerations-on-models-of-care-in-an-evolving-discipline
#17
Giorgina Barbara Piccoli, Conrad Breuer, Gianfranca Cabiddu, Angelo Testa, Christelle Jadeau, Giuliano Brunori
Nephrology is a complex discipline, including care of kidney disease, dialysis, and transplantation. While in Europe, about 1:10 individuals is affected by chronic kidney disease (CKD), 1:1000 lives thanks to dialysis or transplantation, whose costs are as high as 2% of all the health care budget. Nephrology has important links with surgery, bioethics, cardiovascular and internal medicine, and is, not surprisingly, in a delicate balance between specialization and comprehensiveness, development and consolidation, cost constraints, and competition with internal medicine and other specialties...
August 3, 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30075944/on-pump-beating-heart-versus-conventional-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-early-after-myocardial-infarction-a-propensity-score-matched-analysis-from-the-anzscts-database
#18
Michael Z L Zhu, Molla M Huq, Baki M Billah, Lavinia Tran, Christopher M Reid, Kapilan Varatharajah, Franklin L Rosenfeldt
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) performed early after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) carries a high risk of mortality. By avoiding cardioplegic arrest and aortic cross-clamping, on-pump beating heart CABG (ONBEAT) may benefit patients requiring urgent or emergency revascularisation in the setting of AMI. We evaluated the early and long-term outcomes of ONBEAT versus conventional CABG (ONSTOP) utilising the ANZSCTS National Cardiac Surgery Database. METHODS: Between 2001 and 2015, 5851 patients underwent non-elective on-pump CABG within 7 days of AMI...
July 12, 2018: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30074453/interfacility-neurosurgical-transfers-an-analysis-of-nontraumatic-inpatient-and-emergency-department-transfers-with-implications-for-improvements-in-care
#19
Michael M Safaee, Ramin A Morshed, Jordan Spatz, Sujatha Sankaran, Mitchel S Berger, Manish K Aghi
OBJECTIVE Interfacility neurosurgical transfers to tertiary care centers are driven by a number of variables, including lack of on-site coverage, limited available technology, insurance factors, and patient preference. The authors sought to assess the timing and necessity of surgery and compared transfers to their institution from emergency departments (ED) and inpatient units at other hospitals. METHODS Adult neurosurgical patients who were transferred to a single tertiary care center were analyzed over 12 months...
August 3, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30073665/colloids-versus-crystalloids-for-fluid-resuscitation-in-critically-ill-people
#20
REVIEW
Sharon R Lewis, Michael W Pritchard, David Jw Evans, Andrew R Butler, Phil Alderson, Andrew F Smith, Ian Roberts
BACKGROUND: Critically ill people may lose fluid because of serious conditions, infections (e.g. sepsis), trauma, or burns, and need additional fluids urgently to prevent dehydration or kidney failure. Colloid or crystalloid solutions may be used for this purpose. Crystalloids have small molecules, are cheap, easy to use, and provide immediate fluid resuscitation, but may increase oedema. Colloids have larger molecules, cost more, and may provide swifter volume expansion in the intravascular space, but may induce allergic reactions, blood clotting disorders, and kidney failure...
August 3, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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