keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Metal-on-metal

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647139/impact-of-raised-serum-cobalt-levels-from-recalled-articular-surface-replacement-hip-prostheses-on-the-visual-pathway
#1
Timothy Unsworth-Smith, Jane C Khan, Riaz J K Khan, Enid Chelva, Caroline Ann Lim, Samantha Haebich, Michelle L Trevenen
BACKGROUND: The articular surface replacement (ASR) was recalled in 2010 because of higher than expected revision rates. Patients reported symptoms of neurologic dysfunction including poor vision. This cohort study, using objective measurements, aimed to establish whether a higher incidence of visual function defects exists in ASR patients. METHODS: Thirty-three ASR patients and 33 non-ASR controls (control 1) were recruited. Data were compared with normative population data from the visual electrophysiology database (control 2)...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641972/equal-primary-fixation-of-resurfacing-stem-but-inferior-cup-fixation%C3%A2-with-anterolateral-vs-posterior-surgical-approach-a-2-year-blinded-randomized-radiostereometric-and-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry-study-of-metal-on-metal-hip-resurfacing-arthroplasty
#2
Mette H Hjorth, Nina D Lorenzen, Kjeld Søballe, Stig S Jakobsen, Maiken Stilling
BACKGROUND: The anterolateral (AntLat) surgical approach may spare the blood supply to the femoral head and improve the accuracy of cup positioning in metal-on-metal hip resurfacing arthroplasty. Thereby, potentially lessen complications such as avascular head necrosis, femoral neck narrowing and fracture, improve implant fixation, and lessen periprosthetic bone mineral density (BMD) loss. METHODS: Between November 2008 and January 2012, a randomized clinical trial was performed at Aarhus University Hospital...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616704/metallic-ion-release-after-knee-prosthesis-implantation-a-prospective-study
#3
Adrien Lons, Sophie Putman, Gilles Pasquier, Henri Migaud, Elodie Drumez, Julien Girard
INTRODUCTION: Metal-on-metal (MoM) hip replacement bearings produce metallic ions that can cause health complications. Metallic release also occurs with other materials, but data on metallic ion levels after knee arthroplasty are sparse. We postulate that knee replacement generates elevating metallic ions (chromium (Cr), cobalt (Co) and titanium (Ti)) during the first year after implantation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This ongoing prospective study included all patients who underwent the same type of knee arthroplasty between May and December 2013...
June 14, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615939/effect-of-carbon-ion-implantation-on-the-tribology-of-metal-on-metal-bearings-for-artificial-joints
#4
Hironobu Koseki, Masato Tomita, Akihiko Yonekura, Takashi Higuchi, Sinya Sunagawa, Koumei Baba, Makoto Osaki
Metal-on-metal (MoM) bearings have become popular due to a major advantage over metal-on-polymer bearings for total hip arthroplasty in that the larger femoral head and hydrodynamic lubrication of the former reduce the rate of wear. However, concerns remain regarding adverse reactions to metal debris including metallosis caused by metal wear generated at the taper-head interface and another modular junction. Our group has hypothesized that carbon ion implantation (CII) may improve metal wear properties. The purpose of this study was to investigate the wear properties and friction coefficients of CII surfaces with an aim to ultimately apply these surfaces to MoM bearings in artificial joints...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602531/outcomes-of-hip-arthroplasty-after-failed-hip-arthroscopy-a-case-control-study
#5
Simon J M Parker, George Grammatopoulos, Owain L I Davies, Karen Lynch, Tom C B Pollard, Antonio J Andrade
BACKGROUND: Hip arthroscopy is increasingly being used in joint preservation surgery with clear benefits in the treatment of prearthritic conditions. A number of patients, however, will still go on to require subsequent hip arthroplasty, and at present, little evidence exists determining the impact that prior hip arthroscopy may have on the outcomes of a subsequent arthroplasty. METHODS: Using prospectively collated data, we identified 35 patients who had a hip arthroplasty (22 total hip arthroplasties and 13 hip resurfacing arthroplasties) after prior ipsilateral hip arthroscopy (cases)...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598491/modularity-in-total-hip-arthroplasty-benefits-risks-mechanisms-diagnosis-and-management
#6
Ben M Vierra, Sarah R Blumenthal, Derek F Amanatullah
Modular implants are currently widely used in total hip arthroplasty because they give surgeons versatility during the operation, allow for easier revision surgery, and can be adjusted to better fit the anatomy of the specific patient. However, modular implants, specifically those that have metal-on-metal junctions, are susceptible to crevice and fretting corrosion. This can ultimately cause implant failure, inflammation, and adverse local tissue reaction, among other possible side effects. Surgeons should be aware of the possibility of implant corrosion and should follow a set of recommended guidelines to systematically diagnose and treat patients with corroded implants...
June 9, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578684/metal-on-metal-hip-resurfacing-in-patients-younger-than-50%C3%A2-years-a-retrospective-analysis-1285-cases-12-year-survivorship
#7
Melissa D Gaillard, Thomas P Gross
BACKGROUND: The Nordic registry reports patients under 50 years old with total hip replacements realize only 83% 10-year implant survivorship. These results do not meet the 95% 10-year survivorship guideline posed by the UK's National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) in 2014. METHODS: The purpose of this study is threefold: First, we evaluate if metal-on-metal hip resurfacing arthroplasty meets these high standards in younger patients. Next, we compare outcomes between age groups to determine if younger patients are at higher risk for revision or complication...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576624/constrained-acetabular-components-used-in-revision-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-registry-analysis
#8
Peter L Lewis, Stephen E Graves, Richard N de Steiger, Alana R Cuthbert
BACKGROUND: Constrained acetabular components have a mechanism to lock in the femoral head. They have been developed to control postoperative dislocation, particularly in revision total hip arthroplasty (THA). Although these components may reduce dislocation, there are durability concerns: with reports of locking mechanism failures and loosening. We wanted to determine the outcome of constrained components in controlling dislocation, and if these components had a higher rate of second revision when compared with standard nonconstrained components...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574125/risk-factors-for-mid-term-revision-surgery-in-patients-with-articular-surface-replacement-total-hip-arthroplasty
#9
Gabrielle S Donahue, Viktor Lindgren, Vincent P Galea, Rami Madanat, Orhun K Muratoglu, Henrik Malchau
INTRODUCTION: This study assessed the associations between gender and implant survival, as well as adverse local tissue reaction (ALTR), in patients with articular surface replacement (ASR) XL total hip arthroplasty (THA). Secondly, we sought to report the differences between genders in metal ion levels and patient reported outcome measures (PROMs) in these patients. METHODS: 563 unilateral ASR XL THA patients were enrolled in a multicentre follow-up study at a mean of 6...
May 27, 2017: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572025/cobalt-toxicity-in-humans-a-review-of-the-potential-sources-and-systemic-health-effects
#10
REVIEW
Laura Leyssens, Bart Vinck, Catherine Van Der Straeten, Floris Wuyts, Leen Maes
Cobalt (Co) and its compounds are widely distributed in nature and are part of numerous anthropogenic activities. Although cobalt has a biologically necessary role as metal constituent of vitamin B12, excessive exposure has been shown to induce various adverse health effects. This review provides an extended overview of the possible Co sources and related intake routes, the detection and quantification methods for Co intake and the interpretation thereof, and the reported health effects. The Co sources were allocated to four exposure settings: occupational, environmental, dietary and medical exposure...
May 29, 2017: Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566326/retrieval-analysis-of-metal-and-ceramic-femoral-heads-on-a-single-cocr-stem-design
#11
A Di Laura, H Hothi, J Henckel, I Swiatkowska, M H L Liow, Y-M Kwon, J A Skinner, A J Hart
OBJECTIVES: The use of ceramic femoral heads in total hip arthroplasty (THA) has increased due to their proven low bearing wear characteristics. Ceramic femoral heads are also thought to reduce wear and corrosion at the head-stem junction with titanium (Ti) stems when compared with metal heads. We sought to evaluate taper damage of ceramic compared with metal heads when paired with cobalt chromium (CoCr) alloy stems in a single stem design. METHODS: This retrieval study involved 48 total hip arthroplasties (THAs) with CoCr V40 trunnions paired with either CoCr (n = 21) or ceramic (n = 27) heads...
May 2017: Bone & Joint Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537539/-metal-on-metal-hip-implant-continues-to-be-a-source-of-concern
#12
J A N Verhaar, T Gosens
It has recently been suggested that patients with metal-on-metal (MOM) hip implants have an increased chance of mortality. These observations come from a meta-analysis including many small randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and cohort studies. Because of the high risk of bias there is no reason for great concern. In the Netherlands, the Dutch Orthopaedic Association (NOV) advised against the use of MOM implants in 2012, and that all patients with MOM implants should be followed up every year. There are good arguments to continue this policy because of the high risk of revision associated with MOM implants and the potential toxic effects of metal ions...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500998/the-impact-of-surface-and-geometry-on-coefficient-of-friction-of-artificial-hip-joints
#13
Dipankar Choudhury, Martin Vrbka, Azuddin Bin Mamat, Ian Stavness, Chanchal K Roy, Rajshree Mootanah, Ivan Krupka
Coefficient of friction (COF) tests were conducted on 28-mm and 36-mm-diameter hip joint prostheses for four different material combinations, with or without the presence of Ultra High Molecular Weight Polyethylene (UHMWPE) particles using a novel pendulum hip simulator. The effects of three micro dimpled arrays on femoral head against a polyethylene and a metallic cup were also investigated. Clearance played a vital role in the COF of ceramic on polyethylene and ceramic on ceramic artificial hip joints. Micro dimpled metallic femoral heads yielded higher COF against a polyethylene cup; however, with metal on metal prostheses the dimpled arrays significantly reduced the COF...
May 6, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485507/the-effect-of-impact-assembly-on-the-interface-deformation-and-fretting-corrosion-of-modular-hip-tapers-an-in-vitro-study
#14
Anna Panagiotidou, Timothy Cobb, Jay Meswania, John Skinner, Alister Hart, Fares Haddad, Gordon Blunn
Wear and corrosion at the modular head-neck junction has been recognised to be a potential clinical concern, with multiple reports on adverse local tissue reactions and subsequent early failure of metal-on-metal hip replacements. Furthermore, reports on head-neck taper corrosion are also being described with conventional metal-on-polyethylene bearings. Manufacturing tolerances, surgical technique, non-axial alignment, material combination, high frictional torque and high bending moment have all been implicated in the failure process...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483210/metal-on-metal-compared-with-metal-on-polyethylene-the-effect-on-trunnion-corrosion-in-total-hip-arthroplasty
#15
Brent A Lanting, Matthew G Teeter, James L Howard, Steven J MacDonald, Douglas W Van Citters
BACKGROUND: Trunnion tribocorrosion in total hip arthroplasties is concerning, but retrieval studies often are subjective or lack comparison groups. Quantitative comparisons of clinically relevant implants are required. The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate material loss in metal-on-metal (MoM) and metal-on-polyethylene (MoP) total hip articulations while controlling for trunnion design and head size. METHODS: The 166 retrieved femoral heads from 2 manufacturers were analyzed...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482618/effects-of-carbon-addition-on-wear-mechanisms-of-cocrmo-metal-on-metal-hip-joint-bearings
#16
Yan Chen, Yunping Li, Yuichiro Koizumi, Hani Haider, Akihiko Chiba
The wear behaviors of biomedical CoCrMo prosthetic alloys containing various amounts of carbon were investigated using a standard hip joint simulator in a simulated body fluid. A few chunks and punctate σ-phase precipitates were observed in the low-carbon (LC) alloy; these were responsible for the abrasion and run-in wear. Increasing the carbon content led to greater precipitation of globular M23C6-type carbides. As a result, lower wear loss was observed in the high-carbon (HC) alloy. However, the Student's t-test analysis on wear loss indicated that there was no significant difference in wear loss between the LC-LC and HC-HC combinations...
July 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480531/characterization-of-wear-debris-from-metal-on-metal-hip-implants-during-normal-wear-versus-edge-loading-conditions
#17
Michael Kovochich, Ernest S Fung, Ellen Donovan, Kenneth M Unice, Dennis J Paustenbach, Brent L Finley
Advantages of second-generation metal-on-metal (MoM) hip implants include low volumetric wear rates and the release of nanosized wear particles that are chemically inert and readily cleared from local tissue. In some patients, edge loading conditions occur, which result in higher volumetric wear. The objective of this study was to characterize the size, morphology, and chemistry of wear particles released from MoM hip implants during normal (40° angle) and edge-loading (65° angle with microseparation) conditions...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461912/sequelae-of-large-head-metal-on-metal-hip-arthroplasties-current-status-and-future-prospects
#18
REVIEW
Christiaan P van Lingen, Luigi M Zagra, Harmen B Ettema, Cees C Verheyen
Large-head metal-on-metal (MoM) bearings were re-popularised in the late 1990s with the introduction of modern hip resurfacing (HR), followed closely by large metal head total hip arthroplasty (THA). A worldwide increase in the use of MoM hip arthroplasty subsequently saw a sharp decline, due to serious complications.MoM was rapidly adopted in the early 2000s until medical device alerts were issued by government regulatory agencies and national and international organisations, leading to post-marketing surveillance and discontinuation of these implants...
October 2016: EFORT open reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456333/how-symmetric-are-metal-on-metal-hip-resurfacing-patients-during-gait-insights-for-the-rehabilitation
#19
Renan A Resende, Renata N Kirkwood, John F Rudan, Kevin J Deluzio
Metal-on-metal hip resurfacing patients demonstrate hip biomechanics closer to normal in comparison to total hip arthroplasty during gait. However, it is not clear how symmetric is the gait of hip resurfacing patients. Biomechanical data of 12 unilateral metal-on-metal hip resurfacing participants were collected during gait at a mean time of 45months (SD 24) after surgery. Ankle, knee, hip, pelvis and trunk kinematics and kinetics of both sides were measured with a motion and force-capture system. Principal component analysis and mean hypothesis' tests were used to compare the operated and healthy sides...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455467/risk-factors-for-failure-of-the-36-mm-metal-on-metal-pinnacle-total-hip-arthroplasty-system-a-retrospective-single-centre-cohort-study
#20
G S Matharu, R S Nandra, F Berryman, A Judge, P B Pynsent, D J Dunlop
AIMS: To determine ten-year failure rates following 36 mm metal-on-metal (MoM) Pinnacle total hip arthroplasty (THA), and identify predictors of failure. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively assessed a single-centre cohort of 569 primary 36 mm MoM Pinnacle THAs (all Corail stems) followed up since 2012 according to Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulation Agency recommendations. All-cause failure rates (all-cause revision, and non-revised cross-sectional imaging failures) were calculated, with predictors for failure identified using multivariable Cox regression...
May 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
keyword
keyword
16513
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"