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JNC 8 hypertension guideline

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30194806/potential-need-for-expanded-pharmacologic-treatment-and-lifestyle-modification-services-under-the-2017-acc-aha-hypertension-guideline
#1
Matthew D Ritchey, Cathleen Gillespie, Gregory Wozniak, Christina M Shay, Angela M Thompson-Paul, Fleetwood Loustalot, Yuling Hong
Application of the 2017 ACC/AHA Hypertension Guideline expands the number of US adults requiring blood pressure (BP) management. The authors use 2011-2014 NHANES data to describe the population groups most affected by the new guideline, compared with the previous JNC-7 guideline, and describe the previous interaction with the health care sector among those adults recommended new or intensified pharmacologic treatment and/or lifestyle modification. The 2017 Hypertension Guideline reclassifies 32.3 million US adults as newly hypertensive and recommends BP-related treatment of 133...
September 8, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30032855/impact-of-the-application-of-the-jnc-8-and-kdigo-2013-guidelines-on-hypertension-and-lipid-control-in-a-nephrology-outpatient-clinic
#2
Isabel Galán, Úrsula Verdalles, Marisol García de Vinuesa, Borja Quiroga, Marian Goicoechea, Ana Pérez, Eduardo Verde, José Luño
OBJECTIVE: Observational retrospective study with consecutive patients with CKD to assess the degree of accomplishment of the therapeutic objectives in hypertension and dyslipidaemia recommended by JNC 8 and KDIGO-2013 CKD guidelines the impact of their implementation compared with previous guidelines. RESULTS: 618 patients were included, mean age 67±15 years, 61.33% male. Mean eGFR was 45.99±18.94ml/min, with median albumin/creatinine 26 (0-151)mg/g. A total of 87...
July 2018: Nefrología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581605/antihypertensive-prescription-pattern-and-compliance-to-jnc-7-and-jnc-8-at-tertiary-care-government-hospital-hyderabad-india-a-cross-sectional-retrospective-study
#3
Varsha Varakantham, Ashok Kumar Kurakula Sailoo, Dinesh Kumar Bharatraj
Background: The monitoring of hypertension treatment can provide insight into the rational drug use pattern. The objective of this study was to examine the antihypertensive medication use among South Indian adults with hypertension in compliance with the hypertension treatment guidelines (Seventh Joint National Committee [JNC 7] and JNC 8). Methods and Results: A total of 550 hypertensive people aged >25 years were included in this retrospective cross-sectional study. The order of drugs prescribed in the year 2012 was beta blockers (BB) > calcium channel blockers (CCB) > CCB + BB > angiotensin receptor blockers (ARB) > angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) > thiazide diuretics, whereas in the year 2014, the order has changed drastically, namely, ACEI > CCB > ARB > BB > thiazide diuretics ( P < ...
April 2018: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504458/beyond-jnc-8-implications-for-evaluation-and-management-of-hypertension-in-underserved-populations
#4
Joseph Burns, Dharam Persaud-Sharma, Dollie Green
In the United States, hypertension is a significant medical problem that affects nearly 1 in 3 adults, causes thousands of deaths annually, and costs the nation billions of dollars annually for medical management in terms of hospitalisations, lost wages, and pharmacotherapy. The management guidelines of hypertension have greatly varied between different healthcare organisations including the American College of Cardiology (ACC), the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) and the Joint National Committee (JNC-7, 8)...
March 5, 2018: Acta Cardiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331037/pharmacist-intervention-for-blood-pressure-control-in-patients-with-diabetes-and-or-chronic-kidney-disease
#5
Maxwell D Anderegg, Tyler H Gums, Liz Uribe, Eric J MacLaughlin, James Hoehns, Oralia V Bazaldua, Timothy J Ives, David L Hahn, Christopher S Coffey, Barry L Carter
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to determine if hypertensive patients with comorbid diabetes mellitus (DM) and/or chronic kidney disease (CKD) receiving a pharmacist intervention had a greater reduction in mean blood pressure (BP) and improved BP control at 9 months compared with those receiving usual care; and compare Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure (JNC 7) guideline and 2014 guideline (JNC 8) BP control rates in patients with DM and/or CKD...
March 2018: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315727/considerations-for-optimal-blood-pressure-goals-in-the-elderly-population-a-review-of-emergent-evidence
#6
REVIEW
Diana X Cao, Rebecca J C Tran
Recent hypertension clinical trials and national guideline updates have created a debate on the most appropriate treatment goals in elderly patients with hypertension. In 2014, recommendations by the Eighth Joint National Committee allowed a more lenient goal for patients 60 years and older compared with previous guidelines. Since then, several large clinical trials and meta-analyses have added more information regarding strict versus lenient treatment goals. Most recently, the American College of Cardiology and American Heart Association Task Force published their highly anticipated hypertension guideline developed in conjunction with nine additional interdisciplinary organizations...
March 2018: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146532/potential-u-s-population-impact-of-the-2017-acc-aha-high-blood-pressure-guideline
#7
Paul Muntner, Robert M Carey, Samuel Gidding, Daniel W Jones, Sandra J Taler, Jackson T Wright, Paul K Whelton
BACKGROUND: The 2017 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) Guideline for the Prevention, Detection, Evaluation and Management of High Blood Pressure in Adults provides recommendations for the definition of hypertension, systolic and diastolic blood pressure (BP) thresholds for initiation of antihypertensive medication, and BP target goals. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine the prevalence of hypertension, implications of recommendations for antihypertensive medication, and prevalence of BP above the treatment goal among U...
January 16, 2018: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133599/potential-us-population-impact-of-the-2017-acc-aha-high-blood-pressure-guideline
#8
Paul Muntner, Robert M Carey, Samuel Gidding, Daniel W Jones, Sandra J Taler, Jackson T Wright, Paul K Whelton
BACKGROUND: The 2017 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) Guideline for the Prevention, Detection, Evaluation and Management of High Blood Pressure in Adults provides recommendations for the definition of hypertension, systolic and diastolic blood pressure (BP) thresholds for initiation of antihypertensive medication, and BP target goals. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine the prevalence of hypertension, implications of recommendations for antihypertensive medication, and prevalence of BP above the treatment goal among US adults using criteria from the 2017 ACC/AHA guideline and the Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure (JNC7)...
January 9, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828478/association-of-jnc-8-and-sprint-systolic-blood-pressure-levels-with-cognitive-function-and-related-racial-disparity
#9
Ihab Hajjar, Kristine J Rosenberger, Ambar Kulshreshtha, Hilsa N Ayonayon, Kristine Yaffe, Felicia C Goldstein
Importance: The Eighth Joint National Committee (JNC-8) recommended treating systolic blood pressure (SBP) to a target below 150 mm Hg in older adults, whereas data from the Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial (SPRINT) suggested that a SBP level of lower than 120 mm Hg decreases cardiovascular event rates. Target SBP guidelines have not addressed the potential that black patients may have greater morbidity and mortality from hypertension, especially with regard to cognitive outcomes...
October 1, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658794/a-comparative-study-on-clinical-and-biochemical-parameters-in-amlodipine-and-cilnidipine-treated-hypertensive-patients
#10
Kiran Shetty, Ranjan Shetty, Lakshminarayana Bairy, Pragna Rao, Amruth Kiran, Manjunath Shetty, Deepak, Vidya Nayak
INTRODUCTION: Hypertension is a major health issue worldwide. Calcium Channel Blockers (CCBs) are the most commonly used antihypertensive agents. CCBs act on voltage-dependent calcium channels and they were categorized into two subclasses, Dihydropyridine (DHP) and non-Dihydropyridine (non-DHP) derivative. Amlodipine is a third generation L-type of DHP and Cilnidipine is a novel L/N-type of DHP CCB, both drugs have excellent pharmacological profiles with the unique actions. AIM: To study the clinical and biochemical profile in Amlodipine and Cilnidipine treated mild to moderate hypertensive patients...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525818/hypertension-update-jnc8-and-beyond
#11
REVIEW
Tara Shrout, David W Rudy, Michael T Piascik
Hypertension is the most preventable major risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The etiology of elevated blood pressure is a complex process involving the interaction of genetics, demographics, comorbid disorders, and environmental influences. Effective hypertensive therapy has been shown to reduce cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. JNC reports have served as a valuable source of guidelines, and JNC 8 is the most recently updated guideline for the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of hypertension...
April 2017: Current Opinion in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233242/ambiguities-in-the-guidelines-for-the-management-of-arterial-hypertension-indian-perspective-with-a-call-for-global-harmonization
#12
REVIEW
Harmeet Singh Rehan, Abhinav Grover, A P S Hungin
Many medical professional societies have formulated guidelines to treat hypertension, but there existed differences with respect to diagnosis, blood pressure (BP) targets, pharmacotherapy of hypertension, and grades of evidence. A MEDLINE search for hypertension guidelines was performed to compare Indian guidelines for hypertension (IGH) with these guidelines. A majority of the guidelines had consensus on the cutoff value (140/90 mmHg, recorded twice) to diagnose hypertension. The Joint National Committee 8 (JNC 8), IGH, Japanese Society of hypertension (JSH), Canadian Hypertension Education Program (CHEP), and American Society of Hypertension/International Society of Hypertension (ASH/ISH) guidelines provide a higher BP target for the elderly hypertensive populations, while the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) and European Society of Hypertension (ESH) guidelines provided a lower BP target for the elderly patients...
February 2017: Current Hypertension Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099585/impact-of-different-normality-thresholds-for-24-hour-abpm-at-the-primary-health-care-level
#13
Guilherme Brasil Grezzana, David William Moraes, Airton Tetelbon Stein, Lucia Campos Pellanda
Background: Hypertension is an important risk factor for cardiovascular outcomes. Primary health care (PHC) physicians should be prepared to act appropriately in the prevention of cardiovascular risk factors. However, the rates of patients with control of blood pressure (BP) remain low. The impact of the reclassification of high BP by 24-hour ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM) can lead to different medical decisions in PHC. Objective: To evaluate the agreement between the BP measured by a conventional method by PHC physicians and by 24-hour ABPM, considering different BP normal thresholds for the 24-hour ABPM according to the V Brazilian ABPM Guidelines and the European Society of Hypertension Guidelines...
February 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033742/assessment-of-achieved-systolic-blood-pressure-in-newly-treated-hypertensive-patients-aged-60-79-years-before-and-after-eighth-joint-national-committee-recommendations
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Michael S Kelly, Joseph J Saseen, Joel C Marrs
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether patients who were newly prescribed antihypertensive therapy after the Eighth Joint National Committee (JNC 8) update were treated to a relaxed systolic blood pressure (SBP) goal compared with patients treated before the update. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study approved by the Colorado Multiple Institutional Review Board. Patients aged 60-79 years, without diabetes or chronic kidney disease (CKD), newly treated for hypertension at a University of Colorado primary care clinics were included...
February 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Cardiovascular Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019714/a-prospective-study-of-the-association-between-total-sleep-duration-and-incident-hypertension
#15
Dhananjay Yadav, Dae Sung Hyun, Song Vogue Ahn, Sang-Baek Koh, Jang Young Kim
The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate total sleep duration as a potential risk factor for the development of hypertension after a mean of 2.6 years of follow-up. The study participants comprised 1715 Korean adults aged 40 to 70 years. The participants were without hypertension at baseline (2005-2008) and during follow-up (2008-2011) to determine the incident cases of hypertension. Based on a self-reported questionnaire, the individuals were stratified according to total sleep duration (<6 hours, 6-7...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957711/the-role-of-beta-blockers-in-the-treatment-of-hypertension
#16
REVIEW
John M Cruickshank
IMPORTANCE: Two major guide-line committees (JNC-8 and NICE UK) have dropped beta-blockers as first-line therapy in the treatment of hypertension. Also, recent meta-analyses (that do not take age into account) have concluded that beta-blockers are inappropriate first-line agents in the treatment of hypertension. This review seeks to shed some light on the "rights and wrongs" of such actions and conclusions. OBJECTIVES: Because the pathophysiology of primary/essential hypertension differs in elderly and younger subjects, the latter being closely linked to obesity and increased sympathetic nerve activity, the author sought to clarify the efficacy of beta-blockers in the younger/middle-aged group in reducing the risk of death, and cardiovascular end-points...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754180/ed-08-4-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-hypertensive-emergency-in-children
#17
Lin Shi
According to the seventh report of Joint National Committee (JNC 7), hypertensive emergency (HE), a kind of hypertensive crisis, is defined as a sudden and abrupt elevation in blood pressure so as to cause acute target organ dysfunctions, including central nervous system, cardiovascular system or kidneys. Patients with HE require immediate reduction in markedly elevated blood pressure. Currently, there are no international guidelines for children HE, so the JNC definition is commonly used. Hypertensive emergency in children is rare but a life-threatening emergency...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754018/js-ksh-jsh-chl-01-1-cardio-metabolic-risks-in-hypertension-are-we-different-from-western-societies
#18
Hiroshi Itoh
Many hypertension guidelines have been published mainly from Western countries to standardize the management of hypertension all over the world, however, the significance of hypertension, along with other cardio-metabolic risks, such as obesity, diabetes or dyslipidemia should differ among different races. This paper compares the relevance of hypertension, one of the most important cardio-metabolic risk factors, in Asian and Western societies.1) Low target level of blood pressure control for diabetic hypertensives in JapanIn the Japanese Society of Hypertension Guidelines for the management of Hypertension (JSH2014), the target of blood pressure (BP) control in hypertensive patients with diabetes was set as < 130/80 mmHg...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754001/db-02-3-strict-control-of-hypertension-in-the-elderly-with-diabetes-and-chronic-kidney-disease-pro
#19
Lawrence Appel
The identification of explicit blood pressure targets for clinical management remains controversial, particularly in older individuals with co-morbidities. Recommendations from the panel appointed to the Eighth Joint National Committee (JNC 8) and results of the SPRINT trial have rekindled interest in this issue. JNC8 recommended a higher (more relaxed) BP goal of < 150/90, instead of the traditional BP goal of <140/90, in persons aged 60+. In contrast, the recently completed SPRINT trial, which enrolled high risk patients without diabetes, documented that a lower (more stringent) SBP goal of <120 mmHg reduced total mortality and cardiovascular disease events compared to <140 mmHg...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678289/the-relationship-between-cognitive-functioning-and-the-jnc-8-guidelines-for-hypertension-in-older-adults
#20
Felicia C Goldstein, Ihab M Hajjar, Callie B Dunn, Allan I Levey, Whitney Wharton
BACKGROUND: Guidelines for hypertension treatment by the Eighth Joint National Committee (JNC-8) in 2014 recommended a target systolic blood pressure (BP) of <150/<90 mmHg in persons older than 60 years, in contrast to the 2003 JNC-7 recommendations of systolic BP <140 mmHg. This study evaluated the implications of raising the BP target on cognitive functioning and conversion from normal cognition to mild cognitive impairment (MCI). METHODS: This was a longitudinal study of individuals older than 60 years enrolled in the NIH-NIA Alzheimer's Disease Centers...
January 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
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