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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471543/current-and-future-potential-risk-of-establishment-of-grapholita-molesta-lepidoptera-tortricidae-in-washington-state
#1
Lisa G Neven, Sunil Kumar, Wee L Yee, Tewodros Wakie
The oriental fruit moth, Grapholita molesta (Busck) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), is a primary pest of stone fruits that cause significant economic damage. Larvae, which enter the host plant through shoot tips, damage shoots, and ripe fruits. Native to Asia, this pest now occurs in many fruit-growing countries, including the United States and Canada. Though the pest was previously reported from many states within the United States, its current distribution and the environmental variables that influence its distribution are not properly identified...
February 17, 2018: Environmental Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471475/assessing-viral-transfer-during-doffing-of-ebola-level-personal-protective-equipment-in-a-biocontainment-unit
#2
Lisa M Casanova, Kimberly Erukunuakpor, Colleen S Kraft, Joel M Mumma, Francis T Durso, Ashley N Ferguson, Christina L Gipson, Victoria L Walsh, Craig Zimring, Jennifer DuBose, Jesse T Jacob
Background: Personal protective equipment (PPE) protects healthcare workers (HCWs) caring for patients with Ebola virus disease (EVD), and PPE doffing is a critical point for preventing viral self-contamination. We assessed contamination of skin, gloves, and scrubs after doffing Ebola-level PPE contaminated with surrogate viruses: bacteriophages MS2 and Φ6. Methods: In a medical biocontainment unit, HCWs (n = 10) experienced in EVD care donned and doffed PPE following unit protocols that incorporate trained observer guidance and alcohol-based hand rub (ABHR)...
February 17, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471225/location-location-location-assessing-the-spatial-patterning-between-marijuana-licenses-alcohol-outlets-and-neighborhood-characteristics-within-washington-state
#3
Loni Philip Tabb, Christina Fillmore, Steven Melly
BACKGROUND: The availability of marijuana products is becoming increasingly prevalent across the United States (US), many states are allowing for the production, processing, and retailing of these products for medical and/or recreational use. The purpose of this study is to: (1) examine the spatial patterning of marijuana licenses, and (2) examine the impact of alcohol outlets in addition to other neighborhood characteristics on marijuana licenses within the state of Washington. METHODS: This cross-sectional observational study examined 1458 census tracts in Washington state from 2017, using marijuana and alcohol data from the Washington State Liquor and Cannabis Board as well as neighborhood characteristics data from the American Community Survey 2011-2015 5-year estimates...
February 13, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471135/murine-model-for-the-evaluation-of-candiduria-caused-by-candida-tropicalis-from-biofilm
#4
Francieli Gesleine Capote Bonato, Denis Vinicius Bonato, Ilan Munhoz Ayer, Larissa Fernandes Magalhães, Geórgia Modé Magalhães, Felipe Farias Pereira da Câmara Barros, Pedro Paulo Maia Teixeira, Leandro Zuccolotto Crivellenti, Melyssa Negri, Terezinha Inez Estivalet Svidzinski
To evaluate the pathophysiology of catheter-associated candiduria, the bladders of female mice were infected with Candida tropicalis. One group was implanted with a catheter fragment with preformed biofilm by cystotomy technique, while another group received, in separate, a sterile catheter fragment and a correspondent yeast suspension. The bladder tissues were examined by histopathology and the quantity of colony forming units was evaluated. All the animals presented inflammation and the presence of C. tropicalis was observed in the tissue within 72 h of the introduction of biofilm, while 75% of the mice remained infected after 144 h...
February 19, 2018: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470472/ethnic-and-sex-related-differences-in-pain-characteristics-psychological-distress-and-pain-related-disability-in-patients-attending-a-new-zealand-teaching-hospital-pain-service
#5
Andrea Burri, David Rice, Nicola Kluger, Michal Kluger
AIM: The aim of the present observational study was to provide a description of the demographic, psychological and pain characteristics of patients attending the Waitemata Pain Services (WPS), Auckland, New Zealand. METHOD: Data were collected via a comprehensive paper-pencil questionnaire handed out to 798 consecutive new patients seen at the WPS over a four-year period. RESULTS: 32.3% attending the WPS were men and 67.7% women, with a mean age of 52...
February 23, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470459/prevalence-of-self-reported-hypertension-and-antihypertensive-medication-use-among-adults-aged-%C3%A2-18-years-united-states-2011-2015
#6
Jing Fang, Cathleen Gillespie, Carma Ayala, Fleetwood Loustalot
Hypertension, which affects nearly one third of adults in the United States, is a major risk factor for heart disease and stroke (1), and only approximately half of those with hypertension have their hypertension under control (2). The prevalence of hypertension is highest among non-Hispanic blacks, whereas the prevalence of antihypertensive medication use is lowest among Hispanics (1). Geographic variations have also been identified: a recent report indicated that the Southern region of the United States had the highest prevalence of hypertension as well as the highest prevalence of medication use (3)...
February 23, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470410/the-evolving-role-of-multivitamin-multimineral-supplement-use-among-adults-in-the-age-of-personalized-nutrition
#7
REVIEW
Jeffrey B Blumberg, Regan L Bailey, Howard D Sesso, Cornelia M Ulrich
Micronutrient deficiencies occur in segments of the adult population in the United States. Multivitamin/multimineral supplements (MVMS) are widely used by this population, which reduces inadequacies in micronutrient intake, but the potential for exceeding tolerable upper intake levels in others should be considered. There are concerns associated with the excessive intake of certain nutrients, particularly folic acid, and potential untoward consequences. The advent of nutrigenomics and the enhanced ability to directly study the interactions between nutrition and genetic variants and expression will allow for the conduct of more targeted studies with specific endpoints and may ultimately lead to progress in the field of personalized nutrition...
February 22, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470389/a-walnut-enriched-diet-affects-gut-microbiome-in-healthy-caucasian-subjects-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Charlotte Bamberger, Andreas Rossmeier, Katharina Lechner, Liya Wu, Elisa Waldmann, Sandra Fischer, Renée G Stark, Julia Altenhofer, Kerstin Henze, Klaus G Parhofer
Regular walnut consumption is associated with better health. We have previously shown that eight weeks of walnut consumption (43 g/day) significantly improves lipids in healthy subjects. In the same study, gut microbiome was evaluated. We included 194 healthy subjects (134 females, 63 ± 7 years, BMI 25.1 ± 4.0 kg/m²) in a randomized, controlled, prospective, cross-over study. Following a nut-free run-in period, subjects were randomized to two diet phases (eight weeks each); 96 subjects first followed a walnut-enriched diet (43 g/day) and then switched to a nut-free diet, while 98 subjects followed the diets in reverse order...
February 22, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470320/exchangeable-zinc-pool-size-at-birth-in-pakistani-small-for-gestational-age-and-appropriate-for-gestational-age-infants-do-not-differ-but-are-lower-than-in-us-infants
#9
Shabina Ariff, Nancy F Krebs, Jamie E Westcott, Michael Hambidge, Leland V Miller, Arjumand Rizvi, Sajid B Soofi, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
OBJECTIVES: Small for gestational age (SGA) infants are more susceptible to infectious morbidity and growth faltering compared to their appropriate for gestational age (AGA) counterparts. Zinc supplementation of SGA infants may be beneficial but the underlying susceptibility to zinc deficiency of SGA infants has not been examined. METHODS: In a community-based, observational, longitudinal study in a peri-urban settlement of Karachi, Pakistan, we compared the size of the exchangeable zinc pools (EZPs) in term SGA and AGA infants at birth and at 6 months of age, hypothesizing that the EZP would be lower in the SGA group...
March 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470233/can-a-nomogram-help-to-predict-the-overall-and-cancer-specific-survival-of-patients-with-chondrosarcoma
#10
Kehan Song, Xiao Shi, Hongli Wang, Fei Zou, Feizhou Lu, Xiaosheng Ma, Xinlei Xia, Jianyuan Jiang
BACKGROUND: Many factors have been reported to be associated with the prognosis of patients with chondrosarcoma, but clinicians have few tools to estimate precisely an individual patient's likelihood of surviving the illness. We therefore sought to develop effective nomograms to better estimate the survival of patients with chondrosarcoma. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) Which clinicopathologic features are independent prognostic factors for patients with chondrosarcoma? (2) Can we develop a nomogram to predict 3- and 5-year overall and cancer-specific survival of individual patients with chondrosarcoma based on personalized information? METHODS: We collected information on patients diagnosed with chondrosarcoma between 1988 and 2011 from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database...
February 21, 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469957/the-effect-of-urine-concentration-and-ph-on-the-growth-of-escherichia-coli-in-canine-urine-in-vitro
#11
L A Thornton, R K Burchell, S E Burton, N Lopez-Villalobos, D Pereira, I MacEwan, C Fang, A C Hatmodjo, M A Nelson, A Grinberg, N Velathanthiri, A Gal
BACKGROUND: Lower urinary tract infections are common in dogs, and Escherichia coli is the most common bacterial pathogen isolated. The literature has conflicting evidence regarding the inhibitory effects of urine concentration and pH on E. coli growth. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of different pH and urine concentrations on E. coli growth in vitro. ANIMALS: Voided urine samples from 10 apparently healthy spayed female dogs were used...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469461/-effects-and-cost-of-four-formulations-of-niclosamide-ethanolamine-salt-in-oncomelania-hupensis-snail-control-in-field
#12
He Liang-Cai, Wang Jia-Song, Rong Xian-Bing, Yuan Mei-Zhi, Li Tian-Yan, Liao Qiang, Tan Xian-Yu, Hu Hehua, Tian Ke-Qing, Liu Xiong, Zhang Xia, Su Wen, Cui Cai-Xia, Tian Rong
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects and cost of four formulations of niclosamide ethanolamine salt in Oncomelania hupensis snail control in the field in marshland and lake regions, so as to provide the evidence for drawing up the plan of molluscicide using in schistosomiasis endemic areas. METHODS: One drainage channel and one channel without water in the same area with snails in Jiangling County, Jingzhou City were selected as the research fields. The drainage channel was divided into 9 sections, except one section as a blank control group where the natural death rate of snails was observed only, and the remaining 8 sections were taken as the observation groups, where different dosages of 4% niclosamide ethanolamine salt powder, 5% niclosamide ethanolamine salt granules, 25% niclosamide ethanolamine salt suspending agent, 26% metaldehyde and niclosamide ethanolamine salt suspending agent, and 50% niclosamide ethanolamine salt wettable powder were used respectively...
December 26, 2017: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468925/self-reported-adhd-and-adult-health-in-the-united-states
#13
Scott D Landes, Andrew S London
OBJECTIVE: Informed by a social determinants of health framework, we investigate the relationship between self-reported ADHD diagnosis status and adult health, and whether observed associations are attenuated by biomedical and socioeconomic factors. METHOD: Using 2007 National Health Interview Survey data ( N = 19,104), we present multivariate logistic regression analyses of associations between self-reported ADHD diagnosis status and five adult health outcomes...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468848/time-trend-analysis-of-long-term-outcome-of-patients-with-haematological-malignancies-admitted-at-dutch-intensive-care-units
#14
Vera A de Vries, Marcella C A Müller, M Sesmu Arbous, Bart J Biemond, Nicole M A Blijlevens, Nuray Kusadasi, Goda C W Choi, Alexander P J Vlaar, David J van Westerloo, Hanneke C Kluin-Nelemans, Walter M van den Bergh
A few decades ago, the chances of survival for patients with a haematological malignancy needing Intensive Care Unit (ICU) support were minimal. As a consequence, ICU admission policy was cautious. We hypothesized that the long-term outcome of patients with a haematological malignancy admitted to the ICU has improved in recent years. Furthermore, our objective was to evaluate the predictive value of the Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II score. A total of 1095 patients from 5 Dutch university hospitals were included from 2003 until 2015...
February 22, 2018: British Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468798/tension-free-vaginal-tape-for-treatment-of-pure-urodynamic-stress-urinary-incontinence-efficacy-and-adverse-effects-at-17-year-follow-up
#15
Andrea Braga, Giorgio Caccia, Paola Sorice, Simona Cantaluppi, Anna Chiara Coluccia, Maria Carmela Di Dedda, Luca Regusci, Fabio Ghezzi, Stefano Uccella, Maurizio Serati
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy and safety of retropubic tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) 17 years after implantation for the treatment of female pure stress urinary incontinence (SUI). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective study was conducted in two urogynaecological units in two countries. All consecutive women with urodynamically proven pure SUI treated by TVT were included. Patients with mixed incontinence and/or anatomical evidence of pelvic organ prolapse were excluded...
February 22, 2018: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468335/use-of-speckle-tracking-strain-in-preload-dependent-patients-need-for-cautious-interpretation
#16
C Nafati, M Gardette, M Leone, L Reydellet, V Blasco, A Lannelongue, F Sayagh, S Wiramus, F Antonini, J Albanèse, L Zieleskiewicz
BACKGROUND: In critical patients, left ventricular ejection fraction and fractional shortening are used to reflect left ventricular systolic function. An emerging technique, two-dimensional-strain echocardiography, allows assessment of the left ventricle systolic longitudinal deformation (global longitudinal strain) and the speed at which this deformation occurs (systolic strain rate). This technique is of increasing use in critical patients in intensive care units and in the peri-operative period where preload constantly varies...
February 21, 2018: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468318/how-grazing-affects-soil-quality-of-soils-formed-in-the-glaciated-northeastern-united-states
#17
Alissa H Cox, José A Amador
Historically, much of the New England landscape was converted to pasture for grazing animals and harvesting hay. Both consumer demand for local sustainably produced food, and the number of small farms is increasing in RI, highlighting the importance of characterizing the effects livestock have on the quality of pasture soils. To assess how livestock affect pasture on Charlton and Canton soils series in RI, we examined soil quality in farms raising beef cattle (Bos taurus), sheep (Ovis aries), and horses (Equus ferus caballus), using hayed pastures as a control...
February 21, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468157/dancing-styles-of-collective-cell-migration-image-based-computational-analysis-of-jrab-mical-l2
#18
REVIEW
Ayuko Sakane, Shin Yoshizawa, Hideo Yokota, Takuya Sasaki
Collective cell migration is observed during morphogenesis, angiogenesis, and wound healing, and this type of cell migration also contributes to efficient metastasis in some kinds of cancers. Because collectively migrating cells are much better organized than a random assemblage of individual cells, there seems to be a kind of order in migrating clusters. Extensive research has identified a large number of molecules involved in collective cell migration, and these factors have been analyzed using dramatic advances in imaging technology...
2018: Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468005/assessment-of-trained-hand-hygiene-observers-using-parallel-observations
#19
Humberto Guanche Garcell, Ariadna Villanueva Arias, Isme Borroto Garcés, Alexis Cardoso Gil, Pedro Rivero Companioni, Katiana Figueredo Arias, Osiris I Escobar More, Norgely Rivero Rodríguez, Francisco Gutierrez García
Objectives: To validate hand hygiene (HH) observers following training and determine the concordance between the observers and the Kappa index. Methods: This study was conducted during June 2017. HH observers from 15 hospital units received eight-hours training including a two-hour workshop conducted by the infection control practitioner and hospital epidemiologist. After its completion, parallel observations were conducted by trained nurses from each respective unit for a maximum of 20 minutes per session at any time or day...
January 2018: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467819/real-time-imaging-reveals-that-lytic-polysaccharide-monooxygenase-promotes-cellulase-activity-by-increasing-cellulose-accessibility
#20
Bo Song, Bingyao Li, Xiaoyan Wang, Wei Shen, Sungjin Park, Cynthia Collings, Anran Feng, Steve J Smith, Jonathan D Walton, Shi-You Ding
Background: The high cost of enzymes is one of the key technical barriers that must be overcome to realize the economical production of biofuels and biomaterials from biomass. Supplementation of enzyme cocktails with lytic polysaccharide monooxygenase (LPMO) can increase the efficiency of these cellulase mixtures for biomass conversion. The previous studies have revealed that LPMOs cleave polysaccharide chains by oxidization of the C1 and/or C4 carbons of the monomeric units. However, how LPMOs enhance enzymatic degradation of lignocellulose is still poorly understood...
2018: Biotechnology for Biofuels
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