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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231549/assessing-allergenicity-in-urban-parks-a-nature-based-solution-to-reduce-the-impact-on-public-health
#1
Paloma Cariñanos, Manuel Casares-Porcel, Consuelo Díaz de la Guardia, María Jesús Aira, Jordina Belmonte, Marzia Boi, Belén Elvira-Rendueles, Concepción De Linares, Santiago Fernández-Rodriguez, José María Maya-Manzano, Rosa Pérez-Badía, David Rodriguez-de la Cruz, Francisco Javier Rodríguez-Rajo, Jesús Rojo-Úbeda, Carlos Romero-Zarco, Estefanía Sánchez-Reyes, José Sánchez-Sánchez, Rafael Tormo-Molina, Ana Mª Vega Maray
Urban parks play a key role in the provision of ecosystem services, actively participating in improving the quality of life and welfare of local residents. This paper reports on the application of an index designed to quantify the allergenicity of urban parks in a number of Spanish cities. The index, which records biological and biometric parameters for the tree species growing there, classifies parks in terms of the risk they pose for allergy sufferers, graded as null, low, moderate or high. In this initial phase, the index was applied to 26 green areas in 24 Spanish cities; green areas varied in type (urban park, historical or modern garden, boulevard, square or urban forest), size 1-100 ha), geographical location, species richness, number of trees and tree density (number of trees / ha...
February 20, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231520/medicinal-plants-used-as-anthelmintics-ethnomedical-pharmacological-and-phytochemical-studies
#2
REVIEW
Juan Carlos Romero-Benavides, Ana Lucía Ruano, Ronal Silva-Rivas, Paola Castillo-Veintimilla, Sara Vivanco-Jaramillo, Natalia Bailon-Moscoso
Intestinal parasites delay mental and physical development in children. Infection with these parasites can result in complications during pregnancy and alter the health of newborns, which has long-term effects on educational attainment and economic productivity. The appearance of resistance against classical drug treatments generates interest in the development of new deworming alternatives. We think that research of new plants species may reveal potential antiparasitic compounds. This review is focused on the use of plants and secondary metabolites against intestinal parasites...
February 16, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231278/interplay-between-fungicides-and-parasites-tebuconazole-but-not-copper-suppresses-infection-in-a-daphnia-metschnikowia-experimental-model
#3
Ana P Cuco, Nelson Abrantes, Fernando Gonçalves, Justyna Wolinska, Bruno B Castro
Natural populations are commonly exposed to complex stress scenarios, including anthropogenic contamination and their biological enemies (e.g., parasites). The study of the pollutant-parasite interplay is especially important, given the need for adequate regulations to promote improved ecosystem protection. In this study, a host-parasite model system (Daphnia spp. and the microparasitic yeast Metschnikowia bicuspidata) was used to explore the reciprocal effects of contamination by common agrochemical fungicides (copper sulphate and tebuconazole) and parasite challenge...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231241/hydrocephalus-and-arthrogryposis-in-an-immunocompetent-mouse-model-of-zika-teratogeny-a-developmental-study
#4
Jose Xavier-Neto, Murilo Carvalho, Bruno Dos Santos Pascoalino, Alisson Campos Cardoso, Ângela Maria Sousa Costa, Ana Helena Macedo Pereira, Luana Nunes Santos, Ângela Saito, Rafael Elias Marques, Juliana Helena Costa Smetana, Silvio Roberto Consonni, Carla Bandeira, Vivian Vasconcelos Costa, Marcio Chaim Bajgelman, Paulo Sérgio Lopes de Oliveira, Marli Tenorio Cordeiro, Laura Helena Vega Gonzales Gil, Bianca Alves Pauletti, Daniela Campos Granato, Adriana Franco Paes Leme, Lucio Freitas-Junior, Carolina Borsoi Moraes Holanda de Freitas, Mauro Martins Teixeira, Estela Bevilacqua, Kleber Franchini
The teratogenic mechanisms triggered by ZIKV are still obscure due to the lack of a suitable animal model. Here we present a mouse model of developmental disruption induced by ZIKV hematogenic infection. The model utilizes immunocompetent animals from wild-type FVB/NJ and C57BL/6J strains, providing a better analogy to the human condition than approaches involving immunodeficient, genetically modified animals, or direct ZIKV injection into the brain. When injected via the jugular vein into the blood of pregnant females harboring conceptuses from early gastrulation to organogenesis stages, akin to the human second and fifth week of pregnancy, ZIKV infects maternal tissues, placentas and embryos/fetuses...
February 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231153/microbial-proteases-in-baked-goods-modification-of-gluten-and-effects-on-immunogenicity-and-product-quality
#5
REVIEW
Nina G Heredia-Sandoval, Maribel Y Valencia-Tapia, Ana M Calderón de la Barca, Alma R Islas-Rubio
Gluten-related diseases are a range of inflammatory disorders of the small intestine, characterized by an adverse response to gluten ingestion; therefore, the treatment is a gluten withdrawal. In spite of the increased market of gluten-free products, widely available breads with high acceptability are still missing due to the technological challenge of substituting the special gluten properties. Instead of using alternative ingredients for baking, some attempts have been done to decrease gluten immunogenicity by its enzymatic degradation with microbial proteases...
August 30, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231060/improving-quality-in-the-preanalytical-phase-through-innovation-on-behalf-of-the-european-federation-for-clinical-chemistry-and-laboratory-medicine-eflm-working-group-for-preanalytical-phase-wg-pre
#6
Giuseppe Lippi, Geoffrey S Baird, Giuseppe Banfi, Karin Bölenius, Janne Cadamuro, Stephen Church, Michael P Cornes, Anna Dacey, Antoine Guillon, Georg Hoffmann, Mads Nybo, Lakdasa Devananda Premawardhana, María Salinas, Sverre Sandberg, Robbert Slingerland, Ana Stankovic, Sylte Marit Sverresdotter, Pieter Vermeersch, Ana-Maria Simundic
It is now undeniable that laboratory testing is vital for the diagnosis, prognostication and therapeutic monitoring of human disease. Despite the many advances made for achieving a high degree of quality and safety in the analytical part of diagnostic testing, many hurdles in the total testing process remain, especially in the preanalytical phase ranging from test ordering to obtaining and managing the biological specimens. The Working Group for the Preanalytical Phase (WG-PRE) of the European Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (EFLM) has planned many activities aimed at mitigating the vulnerability of the preanalytical phase, including the organization of three European meetings in the past 7 years...
February 23, 2017: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230781/-dose-to-mother-deuterium-oxide-dilution-technique-an-accurate-strategy-to-measure-vitamin-a-intake-in-breastfed-infants
#7
Veronica Lopez-Teros, Ana Teresa Limon-Miro, Humberto Astiazaran-Garcia, Sherry A Tanumihardjo, Orlando Tortoledo-Ortiz, Mauro E Valencia
In Mexico, infants (0-2 years old) show the highest prevalence of vitamin A deficiency (VAD), measured by serum retinol concentrations. Thus, we consider that low vitamin A (VA) intake through breast milk (BM) combined with poor weaning practices are the main factors that contribute to VAD in this group. We combined the assessment of VA status in lactating women using BM retinol and a stable isotope 'dose-to-mother' technique to measure BM production in women from urban and agricultural areas. Infants' mean BM intake was 758 ± 185 mL, and no difference was observed between both areas (p = 0...
February 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230768/bioinformatic-analysis-reveals-archaeal-trna-tyr-and-trna-trp-identities-in-bacteria
#8
Takahito Mukai, Noah M Reynolds, Ana Crnković, Dieter Söll
The tRNA identity elements for some amino acids are distinct between the bacterial and archaeal domains. Searching in recent genomic and metagenomic sequence data, we found some candidate phyla radiation (CPR) bacteria with archaeal tRNA identity for Tyr-tRNA and Trp-tRNA synthesis. These bacteria possess genes for tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase (TyrRS) and tryptophanyl-tRNA synthetase (TrpRS) predicted to be derived from DPANN superphylum archaea, while the cognate tRNA(Tyr) and tRNA(Trp) genes reveal bacterial or archaeal origins...
February 21, 2017: Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230746/oxidation-of-5-chloromethylfurfural-cmf-to-2-5-diformylfuran-dff
#9
Ana I Vicente, Jaime A S Coelho, Svilen P Simeonov, Hristina I Lazarova, Margarita D Popova, Carlos A M Afonso
2,5-Diformylfuran (DFF) is an important biorenewable building block, namely for the manufacture of new polymers that may replace existing materials derived from limited fossil fuel resources. The current reported methods for the preparation of DFF are mainly derived from the oxidation of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) and, to a lesser extent, directly from fructose. 5-Chloromethylfurfural (CMF) has been considered an alternative to HMF as an intermediate building block due to its advantages regarding stability, polarity, and availability from glucose and cellulose...
February 20, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230720/role-of-vitamin-a-retinoic-acid-in-regulation-of-embryonic-and-adult-hematopoiesis
#10
REVIEW
Ana Cañete, Elena Cano, Ramón Muñoz-Chápuli, Rita Carmona
Vitamin A is an essential micronutrient throughout life. Its physiologically active metabolite retinoic acid (RA), acting through nuclear retinoic acid receptors (RARs), is a potent regulator of patterning during embryonic development, as well as being necessary for adult tissue homeostasis. Vitamin A deficiency during pregnancy increases risk of maternal night blindness and anemia and may be a cause of congenital malformations. Childhood Vitamin A deficiency can cause xerophthalmia, lower resistance to infection and increased risk of mortality...
February 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230705/determinant-variables-enteric-pathogen-burden-gut-function-and-immune-related-inflammatory-biomarkers-associated-with-childhood-malnutrition-a-prospective-case-control-study-in-northeastern-brazil
#11
Aldo Am Lima, Álvaro M Leite, Alessandra Di Moura, Noélia L Lima, Alberto M Soares, Cláudia B Abreu, José Quirino Filho, Rosa Ms Mota, Ila Fn Lima, Alexandre Havt, Pedro Hqs Medeiros, Mara Mg Prata, Marjorie M Guedes, Paloma A Cavalcante, Herlice N Veras, Ana Ks Santos, Sean R Moore, Relana C Pinkerton, Eric R Houpt, Richard L Guerrant
Malnutrition results in serious consequences for growth and cognitive development in children. We studied select child and maternal biological factors, socio-economic factors, enteric pathogenic burden, and gut function biomarkers in 402 children 6-24 months of age in North-eastern Brazil. In this prospective case-control study, not being fed colostrum (odds ratio [OR] = 3.29, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.73-6.26), maternal age ≥18 years (OR = 1.88, 95% CI 1.10-3.22), and no electrical fan (OR = 2.46, 95% CI 1...
February 22, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230586/cranial-reconstruction-using-autologous-bone-and-methylmethacrilate
#12
Nenad Novaković, Ana Malivuković, Ljubodrag Minić, Milan Lepić, Stefan Mandić-Rajčević, Lukas Rasulić
BACKGROUND: Having in mind the importance of reconstruction of the calvaria, our goal was to compare the complication rates following the use of autologous bone and methylmethacrilate grafts, and explain the factors influencing them. METHODS: The authors collected information of all the patients undergoing cranial reconstructive surgery (N = 149) at the Military Medical Academy in Belgrade. Procedures were performed either using a craniotomy bone flap, removed and replaced in the same act, or using methylmethacrilate...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230523/combined-effectiveness-of-prior-and-current-season-influenza-vaccination-in-northern-spain-2016-17-mid-season-analysis
#13
Jesús Castilla, Ana Navascués, Itziar Casado, Jorge Díaz-González, Alejandra Pérez-García, Leticia Fernandino, Iván Martínez-Baz, Aitziber Aguinaga, Francisco Pozo, Carmen Ezpeleta
The 2016/17 mid-season vaccine effectiveness estimate against influenza A(H3N2) was 15% (95% confidence interval: -11 to 35) in Navarre. Comparing to individuals unvaccinated in the current and four prior seasons, effectiveness was 24% for current and 3-4 prior doses, 61% for current and 1-2 prior doses, 42% for only current vaccination, and 58% for 3-4 prior doses. This suggests moderate effectiveness for different combinations of vaccination in the current and prior seasons.
February 16, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230510/ultrastructural-findings-from-paraffin-embedded-tissue-in-intraoral-lesions-caused-by-leishmania-infantum
#14
Rosana Blanco, Ana García, Beatriz Vera-Sirera, Francisco Vera-Sempere
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Ultrastructural Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230493/using-correlative-light-and-electron-microscopy-to-understand-influenza-a-viral-assembly
#15
Ana Laura Sousa, Sílvia Vale-Costa, Maria João Amorim, Erin M Tranfield
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Ultrastructural Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230474/unraveling-the-mode-of-action-of-new-promising-polymer-ruthenium-conjugates
#16
António Matos, Fernanda Marques, Rita Francisco, Tiago Moreira, Ana Preto, M Helena Garcia, Andreia Valente
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Ultrastructural Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230466/dysregulated-fetuin-mineral-complexes-are-linked-to-vascular-calcification-in-chronic-kidney-disease-the-role-of-gla-rich-protein
#17
Carla S B Viegas, Anjos L Macedo, Rute Morais, Lúcia Santos, António P A Matos, Ana P Silva, Pedro Neves, Dina C Simes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Ultrastructural Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230175/cardiovascular-disease-in-africa-epidemiological-profile-and-challenges
#18
REVIEW
Ashley K Keates, Ana O Mocumbi, Mpiko Ntsekhe, Karen Sliwa, Simon Stewart
From a global perspective, the large and diverse African population is disproportionately affected by cardiovascular disease (CVD). The historical balance between communicable and noncommunicable pathways to CVD in different African regions is dependent on external factors over the life course and at a societal level. The future risk of noncommunicable forms of CVD (predominantly driven by increased rates of hypertension, smoking, and obesity) is a growing public health concern. The incidence of previously rare forms of CVD such as coronary artery disease will increase, in concert with historically prevalent forms of disease, such as rheumatic heart disease, that are yet to be optimally prevented or treated...
February 23, 2017: Nature Reviews. Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229906/enzyme-mediated-ligation-technologies-for-peptides-and-proteins
#19
REVIEW
Marcel Schmidt, Ana Toplak, Peter Jlm Quaedflieg, Timo Nuijens
With the steadily increasing complexity and quantity requirements for peptides in industry and academia, the efficient and site-selective ligation of peptides and proteins represents a highly desirable goal. Within this context, enzyme-mediated ligation technologies for peptides and proteins have attracted great interest in recent years as they represent an extremely powerful extension to the scope of chemical methodologies (e.g. native chemical ligation) in basic and applied research. Compared to chemical ligation methods, enzymatic strategies using ligases such as sortase, butelase, peptiligase or omniligase generally feature excellent chemoselectivity, therefore making them valuable tools for protein and peptide chemists...
February 18, 2017: Current Opinion in Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229898/histomorphometric-characterization-of-subgemmal-neurogenous-plaques
#20
Ana Carolina Amorim Pellicioli, Felipe Paiva Fonseca, Rodrigo Neves Silva, Luiz Alcino Monteiro Gueiros, Oslei Paes de Almeida, Pablo Agustin Vargas, Marcio Ajudarte Lopes, Helder Antonio Rebelo Pontes, Manoela Domingues Martins, Vinícius Coelho Carrard, Alan Roger Santos-Silva
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to characterize the histomorphometric features of subgemmal neurogenous plaques (SNPs) to better understand their relationship to surrounding microanatomy included in the tissue biopsy samples of the tongue. STUDY DESIGN: A 12-year retrospective study on the files of 3 oral pathology centers yielded 28 SNPs. Hematoxylin and eosin-stained sections were used for histologic analysis, and immunohistochemical staining for S100 protein was performed to better characterize the neural structures...
January 9, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
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