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Eloy F Ruiz, J Smith Torres-Roman, Sebastian A Servan, Jose F Martinez-Herrera, Miguel A Arce-Huamani, Greta Carioli, Carlo La Vecchia
BACKGROUND: Stomach cancer mortality rates in South America are among the highest in the world. In Peru, stomach cancer has the highest absolute number of cancer deaths in both sexes combined. We estimated mortality rates for stomach cancer in Peru by sex and geographical region between 2008 and 2015. METHODS: We obtained death data for stomach cancer from the Peruvian Ministry of Health database. We estimated the age-standardized mortality rate (ASMR) per 100,000 persons using the direct method and the world standard population...
December 3, 2018: Cancer Epidemiology
Kou Kou, Xiaolei Guo, Peter Baade, Zilong Lu, Zhentao Fu, Jie Chu, Aiqiang Xu, Jiandong Sun
Purpose: Almost half of the global esophageal cancer (EC) deaths occurred in China. This study aims to examine the geographic spread of EC mortality in two periods in a large Chinese population. Methods: Age-standardized mortality rates (ASMRs) for 140 county-level units in Shandong Province during the periods 1970-74 and 2011-13 were derived using data from the First National Cause-of-Death Survey and the Shandong Death Registration System, respectively. ASMRs were smoothed using Area-to-Area Poisson kriging technique...
November 29, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Sonia Alejandra Pou, Maria del Pilar Diaz, Guillermo Angel Velazquez
Background: With 18.6% of total deaths due to malignant tumors in 2016, cancer is the second leading death cause in Argentina. While there is a broad consensus on common risk factors at the individual cancer level, those operating at a contextual level have been poorly studied in developing countries. The objective of our study was to identify socio-environmental patterns in Argentina (2010), emphasizing quality of life, and to explore their associations with the spatial distribution of cancer mortality in the country...
November 29, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Bruno Detournay, Thomas Borel, Matthieu Trancart, Corinne Emery, Carole Coudray-Omnès
OBJECTIVES: To identify criteria used by French health authorities to assess the clinical added value (ASMR) of drugs seeking reimbursement. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of the opinions of the transparency committee (TC) of the French national authority for health (HAS) between March, 2014 and October, 2016 in ten therapeutic areas. TC opinions content was coded and analysed using descriptive statistics and logistic models. RESULTS: The database comprised 160 opinion texts, which included ASMR assessments using a 5 level scale (1=highest ASMR 5=no ASMR)...
November 2, 2018: Thérapie
Bryson C Lochte, Sean A Guillory, Craig A H Richard, William M Kelley
Introduction : The "autonomous sensory meridian response" (ASMR) is a neologism used to describe an internal sensation of deep relaxation and pleasant head tingling which is often stimulated by gentle sounds, light touch, and personal attention. Methods : An fMRI-based methodology was employed to examine the brain activation of subjects prescreened for ASMR-receptivity (n=10) as they watched ASMR videos and identified specific moments of relaxation and tingling. Results : Subjects who experienced ASMR showed significant activation in regions associated with both reward (NAcc) and emotional arousal (dACC and Insula/IFG)...
2018: BioImpacts: BI
C Garbe, U Keim, T Eigentler, T Amaral, A Katalinic, B Holleczek, P Martus, U Leiter
OBJECTIVES: To characterize incidence and mortality trends of cutaneous melanoma (CM) in Germany to extrapolate these data until 2030. METHODS: We evaluated data from the Centre for Cancer Registry Data (1999-2012), and from the Saarland cancer registry (1970-2012). Age standardized (according to the European Standard Population, WHO 1976) incidence and mortality rates (ASIRs, ASMRs) and crude incidence and mortality rates (CIRs, CMRs) were analyzed. RESULTS: In entire Germany, ASIRs increased by 55% to 19...
November 2, 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
Liting Xi, Jinzhou Zhu, Huixian Zhang, Merlin Muktiali, Chunfang Xu, Airong Wu
BACKGROUND: In recent decades, the patterns and trends of gastrointestinal (GI) cancer epidemics in Chinese population have been changing. AIMS: To present the epidemiological trends and geographic distributions of four major GI cancers (esophageal cancer, stomach cancer, liver cancer and colorectal cancer) in China from 2010 to 2014. METHODS: It used standardized data extracted from the National Central Cancer Registry database. RESULTS: The age-standardized incidence rates (ASIR) of esophageal cancer decreased from 16...
October 22, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
Karima Chaabna, Sohaila Cheema, Amit Abraham, Hekmat Alrouh, Ravinder Mamtani
INTRODUCTION: With the increase of Qatar's total population, primarily due to the influx of healthy male migrant labor, worldwide attention has been focused on deaths among these migrant workers. OBJECTIVE: To describe adult mortality trends in Qataris (nationals) and non-Qataris (migrants) from all causes, cardiovascular and circulatory disease, neoplasms, and injuries, 1989-2015. METHODS: We retrieved Qatar's vital registration data by nationality, sex, age group, year, and codes of the World Health Organization's International Classification of Diseases, Ninth and Tenth Revisions...
2018: PloS One
Jasim N Al-Asadi, Sarah J Ibrahim
Background: Worldwide, childhood cancer is rare. In addition, a distinct variation in both incidence and type distribution was reported between countries. Aim: To estimate the incidence and mortality rates of childhood cancer in Basrah, Iraq during 2012-2016. Methods: This registry based descriptive study included children aged 0-14 years with primary cancer who were newly diagnosed in Basrah during 2012-2016. The types of malignant tumors were classified according to International Classification of Childhood Cancer, Version 3 (ICCC-3)...
August 24, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Beverley K Fredborg, James M Clark, Stephen D Smith
Background: Autonomous sensory meridian response (ASMR) is a perceptual phenomenon in which specific audiovisual stimuli frequently elicit tingling sensations on the scalp and neck. These stimuli ("ASMR triggers") are typically social in nature (e.g., watching someone brush their hair, hearing whispering,) and often elicit a calm and positive emotional state that may last up to several minutes. ASMR experiences phenomenologically overlap with mindfulness; however, no research has directly examined how mindfulness might relate to ASMR...
2018: PeerJ
Agnieszka B Janik McErlean, Michael J Banissy
Background: Autonomous Sensory Meridian Response (ASMR) is a sensory experience elicited by auditory and visual triggers, which so far received little attention from the scientific community. This self-reported phenomenon is described as a relaxing tingling sensation, which typically originates on scalp and spreads through a person's body. Recently it has been suggested that ASMR shares common characteristics with another underreported condition known as misophonia, where sounds trigger negative physiological, emotional and behavioural responses...
2018: PeerJ
Giulia Lara Poerio, Emma Blakey, Thomas J Hostler, Theresa Veltri
Autonomous Sensory Meridian Response (ASMR) describes the experience of tingling sensations in the crown of the head, in response to a range of audio-visual triggers such as whispering, tapping, and hand movements. Public interest in ASMR has risen dramatically and ASMR experiencers watch ASMR videos to promote relaxation and sleep. Unlike ostensibly similar emotional experiences such as "aesthetic chills" from music and awe-inspiring scenarios, the psychological basis of ASMR has not yet been established...
2018: PloS One
Gbenga Olorunfemi, Ntombizodwa Ndlovu, Gwinyai Masukume, Admire Chikandiwa, Pedro T Pisa, Elvira Singh
Cervical cancer (CC) is the leading cause of cancer death among female South Africans (SA). Improved access to reproductive health services following multi-ethnic democracy in 1994, HIV epidemic, and the initiation of CC population-based screening in early 2000s have influenced the epidemiology of CC in SA. We therefore evaluated the trends in CC age-standardised incidence (ASIR) (1994-2009) and mortality rates (ASMR) (2004-2012) using data from the South African National Cancer Registry and the Statistics South Africa, respectively...
November 1, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Sorin Ioacara, Elisabeta Sava, Olivia Georgescu, Anca Sirbu, Simona Fica
AIMS: As there are no published articles on country-level diabetes-related mortality in Romania, we aimed to investigate this aspect for the 1998-2015 period. METHODS: Anonymized demographic and diabetes-related mortality data (underlying or first secondary cause of death) were retrospectively obtained from the National Institute of Statistics/Eurostat microdata. Age-standardized mortality rates (ASMR) and their annual percentage change (APC) were analysed. RESULTS: During 1998-2015, 4,567,899 persons died in Romania, among whom, diabetes was responsible for 168,854 cases...
August 2018: Acta Diabetologica
Jinyao Wang, Haizhen Lv, Zhilin Xue, Lu Wang, Zhiqiang Bai
Background: Reproductive system cancer is an important cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide which threatens women's health and lives. Breast, cervical, and ovarian cancer have the higher incidence and mortality among a series of gynecology malignant tumor. We aimed to compare and assess the temporal trends of common female malignances on breast, cervical, and ovarian cancer mortality in developed regions of Asia including Japan, Republic of Korea, and Singapore and analyze the detached effects of chronological age, time period, and birth cohort by age-period-cohort (APC) analysis...
2018: BioMed Research International
Hamideh Salimzadeh, Farnaz Delavari, Catherine Sauvaget, Negar Rezaee, Alireza Delavari, Farzad Kompani, Nazila Rezaei, Ali Sheidaei, Mitra Modirian, Rosa Haghshenas, Maryam Chegini, Kimiya Gohari, Hossein Zokaiee, Farshad Farzadfar, Reza Malekzadeh
BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal (GI) neoplasms are among the most common cancers in Iran. This study aimed to measure annual trends in mortality rates from GI cancers in Iran between 1990 and 2015. METHODS: This study was part of an ongoing study termed the 'National and Subnational Burden of Diseases' study in Iran. Data used in this study was obtained from the Iranian Death Registration System (1995 to 2010) and from 2 major cemeteries in Tehran (1995 to 2010) and Isfahan (2007 to 2010)...
February 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Xiyi Jiang, Huijuan Tang, Tianhui Chen
Cancer has become a major disease burden across the globe. It was estimated that 4.29 million new incident cases and 2.81 million death cases of cancer would occur in 2015 in China, with the age-standardized incidence rate (ASIR) of 201.1 per 100,000 and age-standardized mortality rate (ASMR) of 126.9 per 100,000, respectively. For females, 2 of the top 10 most common types of cancer would be gynecologic cancers, with breast cancer being the most prevalent (268.6 thousand new incident cases) and cervical cancer being the 7th most common cancer (98...
January 2018: Journal of Gynecologic Oncology
Zhixun Yang, Rongshou Zheng, Siwei Zhang, Hongmei Zeng, Changfa Xia, He Li, Li Wang, Yanhong Wang, Wanqing Chen
Objective: In this research, the patterns of cancer incidence and mortality in areas with different gross domestic product per capita (GDPPC) levels in China were explored, using data from population-based cancer registries in 2013, collected by the National Central Cancer Registry (NCCR). Methods: Data from 255 cancer registries were qualified and included in this analysis. Based on the GDPPC data of 2014, cities/counties were divided into 3 levels: high-, middle- and low-GDPPC areas, with 40,000 and 80,000 RMB per year as cut points...
October 2017: Chinese Journal of Cancer Research, Chung-kuo Yen Cheng Yen Chiu
Eric Y Yen, Magda Shaheen, Jennifer M P Woo, Neil Mercer, Ning Li, Deborah K McCurdy, Arun Karlamangla, Ram R Singh
Background: No large population-based studies have been done on systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) mortality trends in the United States. Objective: To identify secular trends and population characteristics associated with SLE mortality. Design: Population-based study using a national mortality database and census data. Setting: United States. Participants: All U.S. residents, 1968 through 2013...
December 5, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
Ran Li, Chuchu Zhang, Haiyan Li, Riga Wu, Haixia Li, Zhenya Tang, Chenhao Zhen, Jianye Ge, Dan Peng, Ying Wang, Hongying Chen, Hongyu Sun
In the present study, 90 autosomal single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and 34 Y chromosomal SNPs were sequenced simultaneously using HID-Ion AmpliSeq™ Identity Panel on the Ion PGM™ platform for 125 samples in a southern Chinese population. Raw data were analyzed and forensic parameters were calculated. Haplogrouping concordance was also assessed using alternative methods based on Y-SNP haplotypes and Y-STR haplotypes. The results showed that allelic imbalance occurred more frequently with low coverage while several SNPs with high coverage were also observed with poor allelic balance, including rs214955, rs430046, rs7520386, rs876724, rs9171188, rs16981290, and rs2032631...
July 2018: International Journal of Legal Medicine
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