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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731931/renal-function-and-its-association-with-blood-pressure-in-middle-eastern-immigrants-and-native-swedes
#1
Christopher Nilsson, Anders Christensson, Peter M Nilsson, Louise Bennet
BACKGROUND: Iraqi-born immigrants residing in Sweden are at high risk for type 2 diabetes, obesity and hyperlipidemia compared with native Swedes. Paradoxically, hypertension is less prevalent in this immigrant population. The aim of this study was to investigate differences in renal function and further if differences in blood pressure (BP) levels were associated with differences across ethnicities in renal function as a possible explanation to the paradox. METHODS: A population-based, cross-sectional study of men and women, born in Iraq or Sweden, aged 30-75 years was conducted in Malmö, Sweden, from 2010 to 2012...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731841/survey-of-nutrition-management-practices-in-centers-for-pediatric-intestinal-rehabilitation
#2
Anita M Nucci, Kipp Ellsworth, Austin Michalski, Emily Nagel, Jackie Wessel
BACKGROUND: Nutrition management of pediatric intestinal failure (IF) requires interdisciplinary coordination of parenteral nutrition (PN) and enteral nutrition (EN) support. Nutrition strategies used by specialists in pediatric intestinal rehabilitation to promote gut adaptation and manage complications have not been previously summarized. METHODS: A practice survey was distributed to members of the dietitian subgroup of the American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition Pediatric Intestinal Failure Section...
July 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731216/indigenous-food-ingredients-for-complementary-food-formulations-to-combat-infant-malnutrition-in-benin-a-review
#3
REVIEW
Flora J Chadare, Yann E Madode, Nadia Fanou-Fogny, Janvier M Kindossi, Juvencio O Ayosso, Hermann S Honfo, Polycarpe Kayode, Anita R Linnemann, Joseph D Hounhouigan
This paper reviews indigenous Beninese food resources as potential ingredients for complementary infant foods with the aim to develop affordable formulations for low-income households in each agro-ecological zone of the country. Potential ingredients were selected on their documented nutritional value. The selected foods encompass 347 food resources, namely 297 plant products from home gardens or collected from natural vegetation and 50 animals, either domesticated or from the wild. The compiled data reveal that the distribution of the available food resources was unbalanced between agro-ecological zones...
July 21, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730977/determination-of-lutein-and-%C3%AE-carotene-in-infant-formula-and-adult-nutritionals-by-ultra-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-single-laboratory-validation-first-action-2016-13
#4
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730974/dual-laboratory-validation-of-a-method-for-the-determination-of-fructans-in-infant-formula-and-adult-nutritionals-first-action-2016-14
#5
Kommer Brunt, Peter Sanders, Véronique Spichtig, Veronica Ernste-Nota, Paulina Sawicka, Kimberley Iwanoff, Jeroen Van Soest, Paul Kong Thoo Lin, Sean Austin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 21, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730779/a-comparative-study-on-postoperative-mortality-prediction-of-sfli-scoring-system-and-child-pugh-classification-in-patients-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#6
Jun Zheng, Rong-Chun Xing, Wei-Hong Zheng, Wei Liu, Ru-Cheng Yao, Xiao-Song Li, Jian-Ping Du, Lin Li
PURPOSE: In our previous study, we have established the clinical significance of the SFLI (scoring formula of liver injury), the purpose of this study was to compare the SFLI system and the Child-Pugh grading system in the prediction of postoperative mortality in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: 114 patients with HCC who underwent surgical treatment were enrolled. According to the requirement of the indicators for the Child-Pugh classification, various indices (including albumin [ALB], total bilirubin [TBIL], prothrombin time [PT], ascites, and hepatic encephalopathy) were considered in these patients before surgery, and then Child-Pugh grading was performed...
May 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730134/innovative-dietary-intervention-answers-to-baby-colic
#7
Ioannis Xinias, A Analitis, Antigoni Mavroudi, Ioannis Roilides, Maria Lykogeorgou, Varvara Delivoria, Vasilis Milingos, Mayra Mylonopoulou, Yvan Vandenplas
PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the efficacy of a lactose- reduced synbiotic partial whey hydrolysate in formula fed infants presenting with colic and the impact of this dietary intervention in mean crying time and quality of life. METHODS: Forty infants with infantile colic were treated during one month with parental reassurance and the intervention formula (partial whey hydrolysate, reduced lactose, Bifidobacterium lactis BB12 and galacto-oligosaccharides) and were compared to a control group of 20 infants with infantile colic treated with parental reassurance and a standard infant formula...
June 2017: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730109/human-eye-ocular-component-analysis-for-refractive-state-and-refractive-surgery
#8
Chao-Kai Chang, Jui-Teng Lin, Yong Zhang
AIM: To analyze the clinical factors influencing the human vision corrections via the changing of ocular components of human eye in various applications; and to analyze refractive state via a new effective axial length. METHODS: An effective eye model was introduced by the ocular components of human eye including refractive indexes, surface radius (r1, r2, R1, R2) and thickness (t, T) of the cornea and lens, the anterior chamber depth (S1) and the vitreous length (S2)...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729944/the-impact-of-multiple-sclerosis-onset-symptom-on-cardiac-repolarization
#9
Alma Mikkola, Aku Ojanen, Juha E K Hartikainen, Anne M Remes, Sakari Simula
INTRODUCTION: Multiple sclerosis is associated with prolonged cardiac repolarization but the underlying physiology has remained unknown. In this study, we compared cardiac repolarization during the relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) disease course in patients with motor and sensory onset symptom. METHODS: Twenty-five RRMS patients with motor and 33 RRMS patients with sensory onset symptom having 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) recorded at the time of the first demyelinating event (ECG1) as well as at the later disease course (ECG2) were identified from the patient records...
July 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729748/on-flare-cme-characteristics-from-sun-to-earth-combining-remote-sensing-image-data-with-in-situ-measurements-supported-by-modeling
#10
Manuela Temmer, Julia K Thalmann, Karin Dissauer, Astrid M Veronig, Johannes Tschernitz, Jürgen Hinterreiter, Luciano Rodriguez
We analyze the well-observed flare and coronal mass ejection (CME) from 1 October 2011 (SOL2011-10-01T09:18) covering the complete chain of effects - from Sun to Earth - to better understand the dynamic evolution of the CME and its embedded magnetic field. We study in detail the solar surface and atmosphere associated with the flare and CME using the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) and ground-based instruments. We also track the CME signature off-limb with combined extreme ultraviolet (EUV) and white-light data from the Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory (STEREO)...
2017: Solar Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729696/effects-of-cardiac-timing-and-peripheral-resistance-on-measurement-of-pulse-wave-velocity-for-assessment-of-arterial-stiffness
#11
Hanguang Xiao, Mark Butlin, Isabella Tan, Alberto Avolio
To investigate the effects of heart rate (HR), left ventricular ejection time (LVET) and wave reflection on arterial stiffness as assessed by pulse wave velocity (PWV), a pulse wave propagation simulation system (PWPSim) based on the transmission line model of the arterial tree was developed and was applied to investigate pulse wave propagation. HR, LVET, arterial elastic modulus and peripheral resistance were increased from 60 to 100 beats per minute (bpm), 0.1 to 0.45 seconds, 0.5 to 1.5 times and 0.5 to 1...
July 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729385/pyqms-enables-universal-and-accurate-quantification-of-mass-spectrometry-data
#12
Johannes Leufken, Anna Niehues, Peter Sarin, Florian Wessel, Michael Hippler, Sebastian A Leidel, Christian Fufezan
Quantitative mass spectrometry (MS) is a key technique in many research areas (1), including proteomics, metabolomics, glycomics, and lipidomics. Because all of the corresponding molecules can be described by chemical formulas, universal quantification tools are highly desirable. Here we present pyQms, an open-source software for accurate quantification of all types of molecules measurable by MS. pyQms uses isotope pattern matching which offers an accurate quality assessment of all quantifications and the ability to directly incorporate mass spectrometer accuracy...
July 20, 2017: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics: MCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729175/brain-targeting-efficiency-of-antimigrain-drug-loaded-mucoadhesive-intranasal-nanoemulsion
#13
Ebtsam M Abdou, Soha M Kandil, Hala M F El Miniawy
Zolmitriptan (ZT) is a well-tolerated drug in migraine treatment suffering from low bioavailability due to low amount of the drug that reaches the brain after oral and nasal delivery. Development of new nasal mucoadhesive nanoemulsion formulation for zolmitriptan may success in delivering the drug directly from the nose to the brain to achieve rapid onset of action and high drug concentration in the brain which is required for treatment of acute migraine. ZT mucoadhesive nanoemulsion were prepared and characterized for drug content, zeta potential, particle size, morphology, residence time and permeation through the nasal mucosa...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728798/-multiple-victimisation-due-to-armed-conflict-and-emotional-distress-in-the-state-of-magdalena-colombia
#14
Adalberto Campo-Arias, Adriana R Sanabria, Anyelly Ospino, Valeria M Guerra, Beatriz H Caamaño
BACKGROUND: Emotional distress is common in Colombian armed conflict victims. Multiple-victimisation is associated with an increase in emotional distress than victimisation due a single event. However, the association between poly-victimisation and emotional distress among victims of the armed conflict in Colombia has not been documented. OBJECTIVE: To study the association between multiple-victimisation and emotional distress in victims of armed conflict in the State of Magdalena, Colombia...
July 2017: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728597/interaction-of-direct-and-social-genetic-effects-with-feeding-regime-in-growing-rabbits
#15
Miriam Piles, Ingrid David, Josep Ramon, Laurianne Canario, Oriol Rafel, Mariam Pascual, Mohamed Ragab, Juan P Sánchez
BACKGROUND: Most rabbit production farms apply feed restriction at fattening because of its protective effect against digestive diseases that affect growing rabbits. However, it leads to competitive behaviour between cage mates, which is not observed when animals are fed ad libitum. Our aim was to estimate the contribution of direct ([Formula: see text]) and social ([Formula: see text]) genetic effects (also known as indirect genetic effects) to total heritable variance of average daily gain ([Formula: see text]) in rabbits on different feeding regimens (FR), and the magnitude of the interaction between genotype and FR (G × FR)...
July 20, 2017: Genetics, Selection, Evolution: GSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728382/effects-of-a-traditional-chinese-medicine-formula-and-its-extraction-on-muscle-fiber-characteristics-in-finishing-pigs-porcine-cell-proliferation-and-isoforms-of-myosin-heavy-chain-gene-expression-in-myocytes
#16
Qin Ping Yu, Ding Yuan Feng, Xiao Jun He, Fan Wu, Min Hao Xia, Tao Dong, Yi Hua Liu, Hui Ze Tan, Shi Geng Zou, Tao Zheng, Xian Hua Ou, Jian Jun Zou
Objective: This study evaluated the effects of a traditional Chinese medicine formula (TCMF) on muscle fiber characteristics in finishing pigs and the effects of the formula's extract (distilled water, ethyl acetate and petroleum ether extraction) on porcine cell proliferation and isoforms of MyHC gene expression in myocytes. Methods: XThe psoas major muscle was obtained from pigs at the end of the experiment. Muscle fiber characteristics in the psoas major muscle were analyzed using myosin ATPase staining...
June 26, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728257/-eosinophilic-esophagitis-in-children-analysis-of-22-cases
#17
M F Sun, W Z Gu, K R Peng, M N Liu, X L Shu, L Q Jiang, M Z Jiang
Objective: Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a chronic immune-mediated esophageal disease.The current domestic reports of EoE in children is rare.The aim of this study was to analyze the clinical features, the diagnosis and treatment advance of EoE in children by case analysis and literature review. Method: Clinical data of 22 children with EoE from January, 2011 to December, 2015 in Children's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine were recorded, retrospective analysis was performed on clinical presentation, gastroendoscopy and histopathological examination features and the treatment...
July 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727931/pumping-milk-without-ever-feeding-at-the-breast-in-the-moms2moms-study
#18
Sarah A Keim, Kelly M Boone, Reena Oza-Frank, Sheela R Geraghty
BACKGROUND: More than 85% of contemporary lactating women in the United States express their milk at least sometimes. Some produce milk exclusively through pumping. We characterized women who pumped but never fed at the breast and compared their infant feeding practices with those of women who fed at the breast with or without pumping. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Study participants were those delivered at Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center in 2011 and completed a questionnaire at 12 months postpartum (n = 478)...
July 20, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727923/height-prediction-from-ulna-length-of-critically-ill-patients
#19
Micheli S Tarnowski, Estela I Rabito, Daieni Fernandes, Mariane Rosa, Manoela L Oliveira, Vânia N Hirakata, Aline Marcadenti
BACKGROUND: Ulna length (UL) has been used in mathematical formulas to predict the body height of healthy and sick individuals. However, the evaluation of its use with patients admitted to intensive care units (ICU) is scarce. The objective of this study was to develop a mathematical equation to estimate critically ill patients' height using the UL measure and to evaluate its agreement with measured standing height. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed at the ICU of a tertiary hospital in Brazil...
July 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727612/commentary-on-formula-feeding-as-a-risk-factor-for-attention-deficiency-hyperactivity-disorder-is-bisphenol-a-exposure-a-smoking-gun
#20
Michael Weitzman, Lily Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 18, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
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