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Rotator cuff shoulder

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136253/fatty-degeneration-of-the-rotator-cuff-reflects-shoulder-strength-deficits-in-patients-with-rotator-cuff-tears
#1
Jong Pil Yoon, Jae Wook Jung, Chang Hwa Lee, Young Gun Kim, Seok Won Chung, Joon Yub Kim, Hyun Joo Lee, Jee Wook Yoon, Hoseok Lee
Fatty degeneration is an important clinical factor in patients with rotator cuff tears. Goutallier grade, occupation ratio, and tangent sign help identify fatty degeneration; however, little is known about how closely these measurement techniques correlate with actual muscle strength deficits. The authors evaluated each method's ability to determine the correlation between fatty degeneration and muscle strength deficits. The authors included 203 patients who underwent full-thickness rotator cuff repair (mean age, 61...
November 11, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135662/reverse-shoulder-arthroplasty-for-the-treatment-of-rotator-cuff-deficiency-a-concise-follow-up-at-a-minimum-of-10-years-of-previous-reports
#2
Derek J Cuff, Derek R Pupello, Brandon G Santoni, Rachel E Clark, Mark A Frankle
We previously evaluated 94 patients (96 shoulders) who underwent reverse shoulder arthroplasty using a central compressive screw with 5.0-mm peripheral locking screws for baseplate fixation and a center of rotation lateral to the glenoid as treatment for end-stage rotator cuff deficiency. The purpose of this study was to report updated results at a minimum follow-up of 10 years. Forty patients (42 shoulders) were available for clinical follow-up. In the patients available for study, implant survivorship, with the end point being revision for any reason, was 90...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130873/influence-of-body-mass-index-on-clinical-outcomes-in-reverse-total-shoulder-arthroplasty
#3
J Michael Wiater, Shannon Carpenter, Denise M Koueiter, David Marcantonio, Brett P Wiater
The purpose of this study was to compare reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA) outcomes in normal weight, overweight, and obese patients. A RTSA outcomes registry was reviewed for rotator cuff-deficient patients with a minimum 2-year follow-up. Fractures, rheumatoid arthritis, and revisions were excluded. Based on World Health Organization body mass index (BMI) classification, there were 29 normal weight, 50 overweight, and 51 obese patients. All groups demonstrated significant improvements from preoperative to most recent follow-up in function scores, pain, and forward elevation...
October 2017: Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128967/early-postoperative-magnetic-resonance-imaging-findings-after-arthroscopic-rotator-cuff-repair-t2-hyperintensity-of-the-capsule-can-predict-reduced-shoulder-motion
#4
Ji Na Kim, Soon Tae Kwon, Kyung Cheon Kim
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether postoperative shoulder magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings correlate with postoperative shoulder range of motion (ROM) at about 4 months after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair (ARCR). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Signal-intensity changes of the capsule, pericapsular soft tissue at the axillary recess, and subcoracoid fat triangle, as well as the thickness of the capsule at the axillary recess and coracohumeral ligament were assessed on preoperative and postoperative MR images of 232 patients...
November 11, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126408/concomitant-glenohumeral-pathologies-in-high-grade-acromioclavicular-separation-type-iii-v
#5
Jochen Markel, Tim Schwarting, Dominik Malcherczyk, Christian-Dominik Peterlein, Steffen Ruchholtz, Bilal Farouk El-Zayat
BACKGROUND: Acromioclavicular joint (ACJ) dislocations are common injuries of the shoulder associated with physical activity. The diagnosis of concomitant injuries proves complicated due to the prominent clinical symptoms of acute ACJ dislocation. Because of increasing use of minimally invasive surgery techniques concomitant pathologies are diagnosed more often than with previous procedures. METHODS: The aim of this study was to identify the incidence of concomitant intraarticular injuries in patients with high-grade acromioclavicular separation (Rockwood type III - V) as well as to reveal potential risk constellations...
November 10, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118899/alterations-in-tendon-microenvironment-in-response-to-mechanical-load-potential-molecular-targets-for-treatment-strategies
#6
REVIEW
Mohamed B Fouda, Finosh G Thankam, Matthew F Dilisio, Devendra K Agrawal
Rotator cuff (RC) tendons could beinflicted in many ways with an eventual outcome of pain, weakness and disability, which represent a large burden on health care cost. However, optimal healing, either conservatively or with surgical intervention, remains an issue that needs further investigation. Disorders of the RC tendons may result from external factors like trauma, or internal factors through physiologic and metabolic derangement. Most RC tendon disorders may be asymptomatic and may result from an over-activity of the inflicted shoulder and its tendons...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111467/reverse-shoulder-arthroplasty-in-weight-bearing-shoulders-of-wheelchair-dependent-patients
#7
Eduard Alentorn-Geli, Nathan R Wanderman, Andrew T Assenmacher, Joaquín Sánchez-Sotelo, Robert H Cofield, John W Sperling
BACKGROUND: Wheelchair-dependent patients rely on their upper extremities for mobility and transfers. This entails the heavy use of upper extremities as weight-bearing joints, leading to shoulder overuse with increased prevalence of rotator cuff-related disorders, and ultimately to challenging cases for shoulder surgeons when a joint replacement is needed. OBJECTIVE: To report the outcomes of reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) in wheelchair-dependent patients with arthritis and rotator cuff tears...
October 27, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110652/open-subpectoral-biceps-tenodesis-in-patients-over-65-does-not-result-in-an-increased-rate-of-complications
#8
Andreas Voss, Simone Cerciello, Jessica DiVenere, Olga Solovyova, Felix Dyrna, John Apostolakos, David Lam, Mark P Cote, Knut Beitzel, Augustus D Mazzocca
BACKGROUND: Long head biceps tendon pathology is a common cause of anterior shoulder pain and is often associated with other shoulder conditions, such as rotator cuff tears and osteoarthritis. It is well accepted that older patients are at increased risk for major and minor peri- and postoperative complications. The purpose of this study is to investigate patients over 65 years old who underwent subpectoral biceps tenodesis and compare the complication rates of this group to those of patients younger than 65 years old...
November 6, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108858/increased-expression-of-type-1-cannabinoid-cb1-receptor-among-patients-with-rotator-cuff-lesions-and-shoulder-stiffness
#9
Shu-Jui Kuo, Feng-Sheng Wang, Jih-Yang Ko, Chih-Hsin Tang, Ka-Kit Siu, Ya-Hung Hsu, Tsai-Chen Tsai
BACKGROUND: Shoulder stiffness is a disease manifested by pain, limited range of motion, and functional disability. The inflammatory and fibrosis processes play a substantial role in the pathogenesis of shoulder stiffness. The CB1 receptor has been recognized to mediate the processes of pathologic fibrosis. This study investigated the role of the CB1 pathway in pathogenesis of rotator cuff lesions with shoulder stiffness. METHODS: All of the patients undergoing repair surgery for rotator cuff lesions were recruited and subcategorized into subjects with and without shoulder stiffness...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102012/editorial-commentary-you-may-not-have-seen-it-but-it-has-seen-you-diagnosis-of-long-head-biceps-tendon-and-subscapularis-pathology-in-association-with-shoulder-rotator-cuff-pathology-can-be-challenging
#10
EDITORIAL
Dan Guttmann
The shoulder can humble you. It is often challenging in determining the extent of pathology even when there is an adequate magnetic resonance imaging performed preoperatively and even during the so-called diagnostic portion of the arthroscopy. Abnormalities of the long head of the biceps tendon and the rotator cuff especially the subscapularis can be difficult to diagnose definitively. Experience can be very helpful in predicting pathology based on patterns seen before and knowing certain pearls that can make diagnosis and ultimately treatment more accurate...
November 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102010/editorial-commentary-partial-shoulder-rotator-cuff-repair-may-the-force-couple-be-with-you
#11
EDITORIAL
Wesley M Nottage
Partial repair of a shoulder rotator cuff tear, in the face of an otherwise massive or "irreparable" tear, is an effective treatment for reducing patient pain and improving function. Partial repair restores balance to the force couple composed of the infraspinatus and teres minor posteriorly and the subscapularis anteriorly. A balanced force couple maintains centralization of the humeral head on the glenoid during shoulder range of motion and, in nonarthritic patients with massive or irreparable tears, is better than no repair at all...
November 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102008/editorial-commentary-the-long-head-of-the-biceps-brachii-tendon-the-shoulder-surgeon-s-conundrum
#12
EDITORIAL
Michael G Ciccotti
The long head of the biceps tendon can be a significant pain generator in the setting of rotator cuff tearing. Surgeons who encounter long head of biceps tendon pathology at the time of rotator cuff repair can be confident in a high likelihood of statistically significant clinical improvement with concomitant long head of biceps surgery. Patients can be reliably counseled preoperatively that if they have both clinically apparent long head of biceps tendon pathology and rotator cuff tearing, and if they undergo long head of biceps tendon surgery with rotator cuff repair, they can expect comparable or better outcomes than isolated rotator cuff repair...
November 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101541/rotator-cuff-muscular-integrity-after-arthroscopic-revision-of-a-bankart-repair
#13
Johannes Buckup, Frederic Welsch, Reinhard Hoffmann, Philip P Roessler, Karl F Schüttler, Thomas Stein
INTRODUCTION: Recurrent shoulder instability after arthroscopic Bankart repair is still a common complication. For primary Bankart repair studies have shown that the rotator cuff can recover completely. The ability of muscles to regenerate after arthroscopic revision Bankart repair (ARBR) has not been studied. Does the ARBR using a three-portal method allows complete muscle integrity compared with an uninjured imaging control group (ICG)? MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-two (1 female, 21 males) physically active patients (mean age at follow-up 28...
November 3, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100770/does-increased-body-mass-index-influence-outcomes-after-rotator-cuff-repair
#14
Katie E Kessler, Christopher B Robbins, Asheesh Bedi, James E Carpenter, Joel J Gagnier, Bruce S Miller
PURPOSE: To investigate the influence of pre-existing obesity (body mass index [BMI] ≥ 30) on outcomes after rotator cuff repair surgery. METHODS: We collected data on adult patients who underwent surgical repair for symptomatic full-thickness rotator cuff tears confirmed by imaging between 2012 and 2015. The required follow-up was 3 years. At baseline and 6, 12, 24, and 36 months, the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons score, Western Ontario Rotator Cuff index, and visual analog scale pain scores were collected...
October 31, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100767/arthroscopic-correction-of-the-critical-shoulder-angle-through-lateral-acromioplasty-a-safe-adjunct-to-rotator-cuff-repair
#15
Christian Gerber, Sabrina Catanzaro, Michael Betz, Lukas Ernstbrunner
PURPOSE: To investigate whether arthroscopic lateral acromioplasty reliably decreases the critical shoulder angle (CSA) and whether it is associated with damage to the deltoid or other complications. METHODS: Patients undergoing arthroscopic rotator cuff repair (RCR) with lateral but without anterior acromioplasty for degenerative, full-thickness rotator cuff tears and a CSA of 34° or greater were retrospectively reviewed. Patients with traumatic or irreparable rotator cuff tears, osteoarthritis, or previous surgery were excluded...
October 31, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100763/five-year-outcomes-after-arthroscopic-repair-of-partial-thickness-supraspinatus-tears
#16
Alexander R Vap, Sandeep Mannava, J Christoph Katthagen, Marilee P Horan, Erik M Fritz, Jonas Pogorzelski, Peter J Millett
PURPOSE: To investigate clinical outcomes in patients who underwent arthroscopic repair of isolated partial-thickness rotator cuff tears (PTRCTs) of the supraspinatus tendon with a minimum follow-up period of 5 years. METHODS: All patients who had undergone arthroscopic repair of isolated PTRCTs at least 5 years earlier were included. Preoperatively and postoperatively, the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons, QuickDASH (short version of Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand questionnaire), and Short Form 12 Physical Component Summary scores were collected, along with postoperative satisfaction (10-point scale) and return to activity...
October 31, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099896/reverse-shoulder-arthroplasty-and-latissimus-dorsi-tendon-transfer
#17
Mihir Sheth, Jia-Wei Kevin Ko, Surena Namdari
In a systematic review, we critically examined and synthesized the results of individual studies on reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) with latissimus dorsi tendon transfer. Two electronic databases were searched. For each included study, 2 reviewers evaluated the quality of its methods and retrieved data. In cases in which outcomes data were similar between studies, data were pooled using frequency-weighted (FW) mean values to generate summary outcomes. Seven studies met the inclusion and exclusion criteria, and 133 patient cases were reviewed...
September 2017: American Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099894/effects-of-platelet-rich-plasma-and-indomethacin-on-biomechanics-of-rotator-cuff-repair
#18
Molly C Meadows, David M Levy, Christopher M Ferry, Thomas R Gardner, Takeshi Teratani, Christopher S Ahmad
We conducted a study to determine if platelet-rich plasma (PRP) enhances the strength of rotator cuff repair (RCR) and if concomitant use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) affects PRP efficacy. We also wanted to determine the optimal centrifugation protocol for making PRP from rats. This study used 48 rats, 14 in a centrifugation protocol and 34 in an operative protocol. Six syngeneic rats from the operative group were used as PRP blood donors; the other 28 operative rats underwent bilateral RCRs...
September 2017: American Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098355/superior-glenoid-inclination-and-glenoid-bone-loss-definition-assessment-biomechanical-consequences-and-surgical-options
#19
REVIEW
L Favard, J Berhouet, G Walch, J Chaoui, C Lévigne
Correct anatomical alignment of the glenoid component is of central importance for wear and loosening in shoulder endoprostheses. The aim of this article is to review and clarify the biomechanical and clinical effects of incorrect glenoid inclination in reverse and anatomical joint replacements. Based on the literature and on our own work, statements are made about the following: (1) the glenoid inclination of a normal glenoid, a degenerative glenoid and a glenoid implant, and the consequences if superior inclination is too large, and (2) the surgical technique as well as tips and tricks for correct adjustment of the inclination...
November 2, 2017: Der Orthopäde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095396/mri-to-arthroscopy-correlations-in-slap-lesions-and-long-head-biceps-pathology
#20
K Linnea Welton, Justin H Bartley, Nancy M Major, Eric C McCarty
Superior labral anterior and posterior lesions and long head biceps injury are 2 common sources of shoulder pain. The presenting complaints and physical examination findings for these etiologies are often nonspecific, making diagnosis challenging. Further complicating their diagnoses, these 2 pathologies often cooccur together or with other shoulder pathologies such as subacromial bursitis, rotator cuff tear, and shoulder instability. However, with advancement in magnetic resonance imaging and shoulder arthroscopy techniques the ability to diagnose and treat these pathologies has vastly improved over the past 30 years...
December 2017: Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review
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