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Rotator cuff shoulder

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329890/pain-motion-and-function-comparison-of-two-exercise-protocols-for-the-rotator-cuff-and-scapular-stabilizers-in-patients-with-subacromial-syndrome
#1
Eva Vallés-Carrascosa, Tomás Gallego-Izquierdo, José Jesús Jiménez-Rejano, Gustavo Plaza-Manzano, Daniel Pecos-Martín, Fidel Hita-Contreras, Alexander Achalandabaso Ochoa
STUDY DESIGN: Randomized clinical trial. INTRODUCTION: Eccentric exercise (EE) was shown to be an effective treatment in tendinopathies. However, the evidence of its effectiveness in subacromial syndrome (SS) is scarce. Moreover, consensus has not been reached on whether best results for SS are obtained by means of EE with or without pain. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The purpose of this is to compare the effect on pain, active range of motion (AROM), and shoulder function of an exercise protocol performed with pain <40 mm Visual Analog Scale (VAS) and without pain, in patients with SS...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328887/macroscopic-rotator-cuff-tendinopathy-and-histopathology-do-not-predict-repair-outcomes-of-rotator-cuff-tears
#2
Paul M Sethi, Chirag D Sheth, Leo Pauzenberger, Mary Beth R McCarthy, Mark P Cote, Emma Soneson, Seth Miller, Augustus D Mazzocca
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have identified factors that may affect the chances of rotator cuff healing after surgery. Intraoperative tendon quality may be used to predict healing and to determine type of repair and/or consideration of augmentation. There are no data that correlate how gross tendon morphology and degree of tendinopathy affect patient outcome or postoperative tendon healing. Purpose/Hypothesis: The purposes of this study were to (1) compare the gross appearance of the tendon edge during arthroscopic rotator cuff repair with its histological degree of tendinopathy and (2) determine if gross appearance correlated with postoperative repair integrity...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325577/dynamic-kinematics-of-the-glenohumeral-joint-in-shoulders-with-rotator-cuff-tears
#3
Naoya Kozono, Takamitsu Okada, Naohide Takeuchi, Satoshi Hamai, Hidehiko Higaki, Takeshi Shimoto, Satoru Ikebe, Hirotaka Gondo, Yoshitaka Nakanishi, Takahiro Senju, Yasuharu Nakashima
BACKGROUND: No clear trend has emerged from the literature regarding three-dimensional (3D) translations of the humerus relative to the scapula in shoulders with rotator cuff tears (RCTs). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the kinematics of RCT shoulders using 3D-to-two-dimensional (2D) model-to-image registration techniques. METHODS: Dynamic glenohumeral kinematics during scapular plane abduction and axial rotation were analyzed in 11 RCT patients and 10 healthy control subjects...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323925/the-responsiveness-of-patient-reported-outcome-tools-in-shoulder-surgery-is-dependent-on-the-underlying-pathological-condition
#4
R Zackary Unger, Jeremy M Burnham, Lee Gammon, Chaitu S Malempati, Cale A Jacobs, Eric C Makhni
BACKGROUND: Given the high number of available patient-reported outcome (PRO) tools for patients undergoing shoulder surgery, comparative information is necessary to determine the most relevant forms to incorporate into clinical practice. PURPOSE: To determine the utilization and responsiveness of common PRO tools in studies involving patients undergoing arthroscopic rotator cuff repair or operative management of glenohumeral instability. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319655/superior-capsular-reconstruction-with-a-partial-rotator-cuff-repair-a-case-report
#5
John M Tokish, Amit Momaya, Troy Roberson
CASE: Chronic massive irreparable rotator cuff tears remain challenging to treat. We present the case of a 70-year-old active and healthy woman who presented with 6 months of worsening shoulder pain and function; she had experienced considerable deterioration over the past 2 months. Nonoperative management of the massive rotator cuff tear was not successful. Superior capsule reconstruction (SCR) was performed with a partial rotator cuff repair. CONCLUSION: SCR is an exciting advancement for the chronic massive irreparable rotator cuff tear, one of the more challenging problems encountered by shoulder surgeons...
January 10, 2018: JBJS Case Connector
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318428/how-when-why-in-magnetic-resonance-arthrography-an-international-survey-by-the-european-society-of-musculoskeletal-radiology-essr
#6
Luca Maria Sconfienza, Domenico Albano, Carmelo Messina, Enzo Silvestri, Alberto Stefano Tagliafico
OBJECTIVES: To perform an online survey about the use of magnetic resonance arthrography (MRA) in clinical practice. METHODS: We administered an online survey to all 1,550 members of the European Society of Musculoskeletal Radiology (ESSR) about MRA asking ten different questions. Subgroup analysis was performed between general and orthopaedic hospitals using χ2 and Mann-Whitney U statistics. RESULTS: One-hundred forty-eight answers were included (148/1,550, 9...
January 9, 2018: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314867/location-of-rotator-cuff-tear-initiation-a-magnetic-resonance-imaging-study-of-191-shoulders
#7
Jeung Yeol Jeong, Seul Ki Min, Keun Min Park, Yong Bok Park, Kwang Joon Han, Jae Chul Yoo
BACKGROUND: Degenerative rotator cuff tears (RCTs) are generally thought to originate at the anterior margin of the supraspinatus tendon. However, a recent ultrasonography study suggested that they might originate more posteriorly than originally thought, perhaps even from the isolated infraspinatus (ISP) tendon, and propagate toward the anterior supraspinatus. Hypothesis/Purpose: It was hypothesized that this finding could be reproduced with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The purpose was to determine the most common location of degenerative RCTs by using 3-dimensional multiplanar MRI reconstruction...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311489/retained-myogenic-potency-of-human-satellite-cells-from-torn-rotator-cuff-muscles-despite-fatty-infiltration
#8
Masashi Koide, Yoshihiro Hagiwara, Masahiro Tsuchiya, Makoto Kanzaki, Hiroyasu Hatakeyama, Yukinori Tanaka, Takashi Minowa, Taro Takemura, Akira Ando, Takuya Sekiguchi, Yutaka Yabe, Eiji Itoi
Rotator cuff tears (RCTs) are a common shoulder problem in the elderly that can lead to both muscle atrophy and fatty infiltration due to less physical load. Satellite cells, quiescent cells under the basal lamina of skeletal muscle fibers, play a major role in muscle regeneration. However, the myogenic potency of human satellite cells in muscles with fatty infiltration is unclear due to the difficulty in isolating from small samples, and the mechanism of the progression of fatty infiltration has not been elucidated...
2018: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309442/superior-capsular-reconstruction-clinical-outcomes-after-minimum-2-year-follow-up
#9
Alan M Hirahara, Wyatt J Andersen, Alberto J Panero
Superior capsular reconstruction (SCR) is performed to reduce the pain and disability caused by irreparable supraspinatus rotator cuff tears (RCTs). In this article, we discuss 9 cases of irreparable rotator cuff tears managed with arthroscopic SCR with dermal allograft. At minimum 2-year follow-up (mean, 32.38 months), the patients were prospectively evaluated on the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) shoulder index, a visual analog scale (VAS) for pain, acromial-humeral distance, and ultrasonography...
November 2017: American Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308280/ultrasonographic-clues-for-acuity-chronicity-of-rotator-cuff-tear
#10
Suheil Artul, George Habib
Objective: To look prospectively for ultrasonographic clues for acuity/chronicity of rotator cuff tear (RCT) among patients with shoulder pain. Material and Methods: Patients with shoulder pain who were referred for musculoskeletal ultrasonography and diagnosed with RCT were asked to participate in our study. After consent, demographic, clinical, laboratory, and ultrasonographic findings, including age, gender, history of trauma, type of tendon with tear, tendon tear size, tendon effusion, bursal effusion, calcification, tendon thickness, and duration of shoulder pain were documented...
December 2017: European Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307675/establishing-minimally-important-differences-for-the-american-shoulder-and-elbow-surgeons-score-and-the-western-ontario-rotator-cuff-index-in-patients-with-full-thickness-rotator-cuff-tears
#11
Joel J Gagnier, Chris Robbins, Asheesh Bedi, James E Carpenter, Bruce S Miller
BACKGROUND: The American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) score and the Western Ontario Rotator Cuff Index (WORC) are frequently used measures in clinical research for patients with rotator cuff tears (RCTs). The minimally important differences (MIDs) for these measures have not been established in patients with RCTs. The purpose of this study was to establish the MIDs for patients with known RCTs treated both surgically or nonsurgically. METHODS: We included 222 subjects with full-thickness RCTs...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305377/are-corticosteroid-injections-more-beneficial-than-anaesthetic-injections-alone-in-the-management-of-rotator-cuff-related-shoulder-pain-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Tim Cook, Catherine Minns Lowe, Mark Maybury, Jeremy S Lewis
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of corticosteroid injections to local anaesthetic injections in the management of rotator cuff-related shoulder pain (RCRSP). DESIGN: Systematic review with best evidence synthesis. DATA SOURCES: The Cochrane, PubMed, CINAHL Plus, PEDro and EMBASE electronic databases were searched (inception until 8 June 2017). Reference lists of included articles were also hand searched. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Two reviewers independently evaluated eligibility...
January 5, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305102/longitudinal-observational-study-of-reverse-total-shoulder-arthroplasty-for-irreparable-rotator-cuff-dysfunction-results-after-15-years
#13
Christian Gerber, Sandro Canonica, Sabrina Catanzaro, Lukas Ernstbrunner
HYPOTHESIS: This study investigated the hypothesis that functional outcome remains significantly improved over the preoperative state beyond 15 years of reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA) for irreparable rotator cuff dysfunction. METHODS: Operations were performed on 22 shoulders at a mean age of 68 (range, 54-77) years. The patients could personally be reviewed clinically and radiographically in intervals of 2 to 5 years and with a final follow-up examination at no less than 15 years (mean, 16...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305099/the-posterior-ridge-of-the-greater-tuberosity-of-the-humerus-a-suitable-landmark-for-the-posterior-approach-to-the-shoulder-joint
#14
Karl Grob, Rebecca Helen Monahan, Mirjana Manestar, Luis Filgueira, Vilijam Zdravkovic
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the posterior ridge of the greater tuberosity, a palpable prominence during surgery, as a landmark for the posterior approach to the glenohumeral joint. METHODS: Twenty-five human cadaveric shoulders were dissected. In 5 cases, a full-thickness rotator cuff tear was present. The posterior surgical anatomy was defined, and the distance from the ridge to the interval between the infraspinatus (IS) and teres minor (TM) muscle, the distance from the ridge to the inferior border of the glenoid (IBG), and the distance between the IS-TM interval and the IBG were determined...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304982/editorial-commentary-knot-less-strength-at-half-the-cost-is-it-time-to-abandon-medial-row-anchors-in-shoulder-double-row-rotator-cuff-repair
#15
EDITORIAL
Seth L Sherman
Transosseous equivalent rotator cuff repair is an expensive construct that has demonstrated biomechanical superiority when compared with other rotator cuff repair techniques. A novel transosseous knotless repair that substitutes medial row anchors for a transosseous tunnel rivals the biomechanical advantages of transosseous equivalent rotator cuff repair at half the cost and with reduced dependence on bone quality. Surgeons should carefully consider if "knotless transosseous is more."
January 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304975/editorial-commentary-don-t-pig-out-when-selecting-a-shoulder-rotator-cuff-augmentation-graft-xenografts-are-not-the-way-to-go
#16
EDITORIAL
F Alan Barber
Porcine xenograft dermal onlay augmentation of rotator cuff repair does not provide improved cuff integrity or provide better clinical outcomes. The retear rate was actually higher in repairs augmented with a porcine xenograft than the control group. Adverse events occurred in 60% of the xenograft patients compared with 40% of the controls. The use of liquid platelet-rich plasma had no discernible impact. A total of 85% of the observed failures with the suture-bridging double-row repair were at the medial cuff (Cho type 2)...
January 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304956/editorial-commentary-superior-capsule-reconstruction-with-dermal-allograft-effective-marketing-or-the-real-deal
#17
EDITORIAL
Timothy S Leroux
The young patient with a massive, irreparable rotator cuff tear is a challenging problem. Not only is this patient population demanding, but of the few surgical options that exist to manage this problem, each have their own unique limitations; as such, the orthopaedic community continues to search for a treatment that maximizes outcome and durability, while minimizing risk and preserving the native shoulder. Over the past few years, there has been considerable interest in a new surgical technique: the superior capsule reconstruction (SCR)...
January 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304955/editorial-commentary-superior-capsule-reconstruction-graft-healing-for-success
#18
EDITORIAL
Teruhisa Mihata
In my experience, after superior capsule reconstruction for irreparable rotator cuff tears, if the graft heals, we can expect a successful outcome, such as an American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons score of more than 90 points and a visual analog scale score of less than 1.0. To decrease the graft tear rate after surgery, I have found that a thicker, stiffer graft than can be achieved with a dermal allograft alone is required to restore superior stability in the glenohumeral joint. Furthermore, the graft size should be determined precisely from the size of the defect in the rotator cuff tendons...
January 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299503/massive-emphysema-and-pneumothorax-following-shoulder-arthroscopy-under-general-anaesthesia-a-case-report
#19
Mohammad J Shariyate, Amir R Kachooei, Mohammad H Ebrahimzadeh
The patient was a 61-year-old female with massive rotator cuff tear who had no history of smoking, COPD, asthma, or other pulmonary diseases. Four hours following shoulder arthroscopy, the patient developed progressive dyspnea, which was diagnosed as pneumothorax with subcutaneous emphysema extending to the neck and face. Chest tube was inserted promptly. The patient was discharged with a good condition after 7 days. Follow up of the patient for the next 3 months was uneventful.
November 2017: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298726/effects-of-bone-marrow-aspirate-concentrate-and-platelet-rich-plasma-on-patients-with-partial-tear-of-the-rotator-cuff-tendon
#20
Sang Jun Kim, Eun Kyung Kim, Sun Jeong Kim, Da Hyun Song
BACKGROUND: We compared the clinical course of rotator cuff tears between rotator cuff exercise and bone marrow aspirate concentration (BMAC)-platelet rich plasma (PRP) injection to identify the therapeutic effects of BMAC-PRP on partial tear of the rotator cuff tendon. METHODS: Twenty-four patients with partial tear of the rotator cuff tendon participated in this study. Twelve patients underwent extraction of BMACs and PRP and received the injection of BMAC-PRP at the tear site under ultrasound guidance...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
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