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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30543116/-it-s-like-you-don-t-have-a-roadmap-really-using-an-antiracism-framework-to-analyze-patients-encounters-in-the-cancer-system
#1
Kristin Z Black, Alexandra F Lightfoot, Jennifer C Schaal, Mary S Mouw, Christina Yongue, Cleo A Samuel, Yanica F Faustin, Kristen L Ackert, Barbara Akins, Stephanie L Baker, Karen Foley, Alison R Hilton, Lilli Mann-Jackson, Linda B Robertson, Janet Y Shin, Michael Yonas, Eugenia Eng
BACKGROUND: Cancer patients can experience healthcare system-related challenges during the course of their treatment. Yet, little is known about how these challenges might affect the quality and completion of cancer treatment for all patients, and particularly for patients of color. Accountability for Cancer Care through Undoing Racism and Equity is a multi-component, community-based participatory research intervention to reduce Black-White cancer care disparities. This formative work aimed to understand patients' cancer center experiences, explore racial differences in experiences, and inform systems-level interventions...
December 13, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30514695/the-internet-of-things-in-health-care-in-oxford-protocol-for-proof-of-concept-projects
#2
Edward Meinert, Michelle Van Velthoven, David Brindley, Abrar Alturkistani, Kimberley Foley, Sian Rees, Glenn Wells, Nick de Pennington
BACKGROUND: Demands on health services across are increasing because of the combined challenges of an expanding and aging population, alongside complex comorbidities that transcend the classical boundaries of modern health care. Continuing to provide and coordinate care in the current manner is not a viable route to sustain the improvements in health outcomes observed in recent history. To ensure that there continues to be improvement in patient care, prevention of disease, and reduced burden on health systems, it is essential that we adapt our models of delivery...
December 4, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30475334/effect-of-modified-japanese-orthopedic-association-severity-classifications-on-satisfaction-with-outcomes-12-months-after-elective-surgery-for-cervical-spine-myelopathy
#3
Anthony L Asher, Clinton J Devin, Benjamin M Weisenthal, Jacquelyn Pennings, Inamullah Khan, Kristin R Archer, Ahilan Sivaganesan, Silky Chotai, Mohamad Bydon, Hui Nian, Frank E Harrell, Matthew J McGirt, Praveen Mummaneni, Erica F Bisson, Christopher Shaffrey, Kevin T Foley
STUDY DESIGN: This study retrospectively analyzes prospectively collected data. OBJECTIVE: Here we aim to determine the influence of preoperative and 12-month mJOA on satisfaction; and understand the change in mJOA severity classification after surgical management of DCM. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Degenerative cervical myelopathy (DCM) is a progressive degenerative spine disease resulting from cervical cord compression. The natural progression of DCM is variable; some patients experience periods of stability, while others rapidly deteriorate following disease onset...
November 20, 2018: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30470778/complementary-medicine-use-in-the-australian-population-results-of-a-nationally-representative-cross-sectional-survey
#4
Amie Steel, Erica McIntyre, Joanna Harnett, Hope Foley, Jon Adams, David Sibbritt, Jon Wardle, Jane Frawley
In order to describe the prevalence and characteristics of complementary medicine (CM) practice and product use by Australians, we conducted a cross-sectional online survey with Australian adults aged 18 and over. Rates of consultation with CM practitioners, and use of CM products and practices were assessed. The sample (n = 2,019) was broadly representative of the Australian population. Prevalence of any CM use was 63.1%, with 36% consulting a CM practitioner and 52.8% using any CM product or practice...
November 23, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30464679/evaluation-of-subcutaneous-rituximab-administration-on-canadian-systemic-therapy-suites
#5
D A Stewart, J S Boudreault, B Maturi, D Boras, R Foley
Background: Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (nhl) is the most common hematologic malignancy. Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (dlbcl) and follicular lymphoma (fl) constitute 55% of new nhl cases and are initially treated with rituximab-based chemoimmunotherapy. Relative to intravenous (IV) rituximab, a subcutaneous (sc) formulation approved in 2016 has comparable pharmacokinetics, efficacy, and safety, and a greatly reduced administration time; it is also preferred by patients. The objective of the present study was to estimate the effect (on systemic therapy suite time and on the costs of drug acquisition and administration) of implementing sc rituximab in the initial chemoimmunotherapy for fl and dlbcl over 3 years in the Canadian market...
October 2018: Current Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30461502/department-of-public-health-nursing
#6
(no author information available yet)
Editor's note: From its first issue in 1900 through to the present day, AJN has unparalleled archives detailing nurses' work and lives over more than a century. These articles not only chronicle nursing's growth as a profession within the context of the events of the day, but they also reveal prevailing societal attitudes about women, health care, and human rights. Today's nursing school curricula rarely include nursing's history, but it's a history worth knowing. To this end, From the AJN Archives highlights articles selected to fit today's topics and times...
December 2018: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30428133/how-do-nurses-use-the-early-warning-score-in-their-practice-a-case-study-from-an-acute-medical-unit
#7
Claire Foley, Maura Dowling
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to describe how nurses use the Early Warning Score (EWS) in an acute medical ward, their compliance with the EWS and explore their views and experiences of the EWS. BACKGROUND: EWS systems have been implemented in response to upward trends in mortality rates. Nurses play a central role in the use of EWS systems. However, barriers to their use have been identified and include behavioural, cultural and organisational approaches to adherence...
November 14, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30425465/development-of-a-tool-for-monitoring-the-prescribing-of-antipsychotic-medications-to-people-with-dementia-in-general-practice-a-modified-edelphi-consensus-study
#8
Aisling A Jennings, Naoihse Guerin, Tony Foley
Background: Despite their adverse effects, antipsychotics are frequently used to manage behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia. Regular monitoring of antipsychotic prescribing has been shown to improve the appropriateness of prescribing. However, there is currently no consensus on what the components of such a monitoring tool would be. Aim: The aim of this study was to use an expert consensus process to identify the key components of an antipsychotic repeat prescribing tool for use with people with dementia in a general practice setting...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30410271/purple-urine-bag-syndrome-a-scary-but-easily-manageable-condition-in-a-patient-with-prolonged-indwelling-urinary-catheter
#9
Dinesh Kumar, Namrata Donga, Rekha Macwan
"Purple urine bag syndrome" (PUBS) is a rare but distressing presentation of urinary tract infection (UTI) among moribund patients on indwelling urinary catheter. A 56-year-old woman with carcinoma of the left breast and metastasis in vertebrae and liver was bed ridden. She was on Foley's catheter for 9 months, with the last catheter changed 3 weeks back. A 75-year-old woman presented with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma for 2 years and moderately differentiated squamous cell carcinoma of the right parotid region (8 months)...
October 2018: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30370218/molecular-characterization-and-prevalence-of-halarachne-halichoeri-in-threatened-southern-sea-otters-enhydra-lutris-nereis
#10
Risa Pesapane, Erin Dodd, Nadia Javeed, Melissa Miller, Janet Foley
Parasitism, particularly in concert with other sublethal stressors, may play an important, yet underappreciated role in morbidity and mortality of threatened species. During necropsy of southern sea otters ( Enhydra lutra nereis ) from California submitted to the Marine Wildlife Veterinary Care and Research Center's Sea Otter Necropsy Program between 1999 and 2017, pathologists occasionally observed nasopulmonary mites infesting the respiratory tracts. Infestation was sometimes accompanied by lesions reflective of mite-associated host tissue damage and respiratory illness...
December 2018: International Journal for Parasitology. Parasites and Wildlife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30369308/improvement-in-non-traumatic-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-survival-in-detroit-from-2014-to-2016
#11
Spencer May, Liying Zhang, Dan Foley, Erin Brennan, Brian O'Neil, Ethan Bork, Phillip Levy, Robert Dunne
Background In 2002, the out-of-hospital cardiac arrest ( OHCA ) survival rate in Detroit was the lowest in the nation. Concerted efforts sought to improve the city's chain of survival with a focus on emergency medical services ( EMS ). This study assesses the impact on OHCA survival rates and describe factors associated with survival. Methods and Results Data for non-traumatic OHCA cases in Detroit from 2014 to 2016 were extracted from CARES (Cardiac Arrest Registry to Enhance Survival). Chi-squared tests, non-parametric tests, and a multivariable logistic regression analysis were employed to examine the associations between overall survival and its covariates...
August 21, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30361140/effectiveness-of-an-app-and-provider-counseling-for-obesity-treatment-in-primary-care
#12
Gary G Bennett, Dori Steinberg, Sandy Askew, Erica Levine, Perry Foley, Bryan C Batch, Laura P Svetkey, Hayden B Bosworth, Elaine M Puleo, Ashley Brewer, Abigail DeVries, Heather Miranda
INTRODUCTION: Obesity treatment is less successful for socioeconomically disadvantaged populations, particularly when delivered in primary care. Digital health strategies can extend the reach of clinical obesity treatments to care settings serving patients at highest risk. METHODS: Track was an effectiveness RCT of a 12-month digital weight-loss intervention, embedded within a community health center system. Participants were 351 adult patients (aged 21-65 years) with obesity and hypertension, diabetes, and hyperlipidemia...
December 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30321219/consultations-on-driving-in-people-with-cognitive-impairment-in-primary-care-a-scoping-review-of-the-evidence
#13
Carol Sinnott, Tony Foley, Justin Forsyth, Kathleen McLoughlin, Linda Horgan, Colin P Bradley
OBJECTIVES: To review the empirical evidence on approaches used by Primary Care Physicians (PCPs) in fitness to drive (FtD) consultations with people living with cognitive impairment. DESIGN: Scoping review of empirical literature focused on primary studies of any design. SETTING: Primary care practice. PARTICIPANTS: PCPs or their equivalent and/ or individuals with cognitive impairment across the spectrum of mild cognitive impairment to dementia...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30301471/the-knowledge-and-attitudes-of-general-practitioners-to-the-assessment-and-management-of-pain-in-people-with-dementia
#14
Aisling A Jennings, Maura Linehan, Tony Foley
BACKGROUND: Pain in people with dementia is underdiagnosed and undertreated. General practitioners (GPs) play a pivotal role in dementia care but their perspectives on pain in people with dementia remains under-researched. The aim of this study was to explore GPs' knowledge and attitudes towards pain assessment and management in people with dementia. METHODS: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study. A questionnaire was adapted from a previous study and piloted with 5 GPs...
October 10, 2018: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30289328/hematologic-and-serum-chemistry-values-of-endangered-san-joaquin-kit-foxes-vulpes-macrotis-mutica-with-sarcoptic-mange
#15
Jaime Rudd, Deana Clifford, Don Richardson, Brian Cypher, Tory Westall, Erica Kelly, Janet Foley
A fatal outbreak of sarcoptic mange caused by Sarcoptes scabiei in San Joaquin kit foxes ( Vulpes macrotis mutica) in Bakersfield, California, USA is causing the once-stable population to decline. Given the fatality of the disease in this already-endangered species experiencing continued population declines, city-wide interventions are underway. To optimize medical management of mange-infested kit foxes, we documented serum biochemistry and hematology values for 11 kit foxes with mange collected from January-May 2015 and compared them to historical data from 18 healthy Bakersfield kit foxes...
October 5, 2018: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30282437/new-economical-and-simple-device-for-intraoperative-expansion-on-small-and-medium-sized-soft-tissue-defects
#16
Jun Won Lee, Seong Hoon Park, Seong Joo Lee, Seong Hwan Kim, Hii Sun Jeong, In Suck Suh
Intraoperative expansion has been used to cover small to large defects without disadvantages of the conventional tissue expanders. Various materials, for example, expanders and Foley catheters are being used. We introduce a new, convenient and economical device immediately available in the operating room, according to the defect size for intraoperative expansion, with latex gloves or balloons. The retrospective study was done with 20 patients who presented with skin and soft tissue defects. During the operation, expansion was done with latex gloves or balloons inflated with saline through an intravenous line and a three-way stopcock...
September 2018: Archives of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30275785/successful-treatment-of-cesarean-scar-pregnancy-with-suction-curettage-our-experiences-in-early-pregnancy
#17
Ayşe Karahasanoglu, Işıl Uzun, Ayşegül Deregözü, Mucize Ozdemir
Background: Cesarean scar pregnancy is an ectopic pregnancy embedded in the myometrium of a cesarean scar. Several types of conservative treatment have been used to treat cesarean scar pregnancy, but no management protocol has been established for this rare, life-threatening condition. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of suction curettage as a first-line treatment in early cesarean scar pregnancy. Methods: During a 4-year period, 19 cases of cesarean scar pregnancy were diagnosed at Süleymaniye Maternity Hospital in Istanbul, Turkey...
2018: Ochsner Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30264506/respiratory-health-inequality-starts-early-the-impact-of-social-determinants-on-the-aetiology-and-severity-of-bronchiolitis-in-infancy
#18
David Foley, Elspeth Best, Nicholas Reid, Max Mary J Berry
AIM: To define the impact of demographics on the incidence, aetiology and clinical course of viral bronchiolitis in infants younger than 2 years of age. METHODS: Retrospective case review of all viral bronchiolitis admissions for patients aged younger than 2 years old from January 1 2014 to 31 December 2015 at Wellington Regional Hospital, New Zealand. Demographic data, second-hand smoke exposure (SHSE) and presence of predisposing conditions were collected, along with outcome data including use of respiratory support and intensive care unit (ICU) admission...
September 27, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30256135/white-paper-for-global-palliative-care-advocacy-recommendations-from-a-pal-life-expert-advisory-group-of-the-pontifical-academy-for-life-vatican-city
#19
Carlos Centeno, Thomas Sitte, Liliana de Lima, Sami Alsirafy, Eduardo Bruera, Mary Callaway, Kathleen Foley, Emmanuel Luyirika, Daniela Mosoiu, Katherine Pettus, Christina Puchalski, M R Rajagopal, Julianna Yong, Eduardo Garralda, John Y Rhee, Nunziata Comoretto
BACKGROUND: The Pontifical Academy for Life (PAV) is an academic institution of the Holy See (Vatican), which aims to develop and promote Catholic teachings on questions of biomedical ethics. Palliative care (PC) experts from around the world professing different faiths were invited by the PAV to develop strategic recommendations for the global development of PC ("PAL-LIFE group"). DESIGN: Thirteen experts in PC advocacy participated in an online Delphi process...
October 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30251050/a-new-urethral-catheterisation-device-ucd-to-manage-difficult-urethral-catheterisation
#20
S Bugeja, K Mistry, I H W Yim, A Tamimi, N Roberts, A R Mundy
The cost of urethral catheterisation injury (UCI) is significant, but the true incidence of patient care error is difficult to establish in the absence of specific hospital codes recording difficult urethral catheterisation (DUC) and UCI. For many years urologists are familiar passing a non-traumatic hydrophilic guidewire blindly into the bladder to aid urethral catheter insertion in difficult circumstances. However, so far, no purpose-built regulated medical device was available on the market and clinicians had to improvise...
September 24, 2018: World Journal of Urology
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