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Maria Dolores Navarro-Mas, Juan Antonio García-Manrique, Maria Desamparados Meseguer, Isabel Ordeig, Ana Isabel Sánchez
Although there are many machining studies of carbon and glass fiber reinforced plastics, delamination and tool wear of basalt fiber reinforced plastics (BFRP) in edge trimming has not yet studied. This paper presents an end milling study of BFRP fabricated by resin transfer molding (RTM), to evaluate delamination types at the top layer of the machined edge with different cutting conditions (cutting speed, feed rate and depth of cut) and fiber volume fraction (40% and 60%). This work quantifies delamination types, using a parameter Sd/L, that evaluates the delamination area (Sd) and the length (L), taking into account tool position in the yarn and movement of yarns during RTM process, which show the random nature of delamination...
August 13, 2018: Materials
Lisa Potts, Catherine Ryan, Lauren Diegel-Vacek, Alisa Murchek
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this project was to decrease handoff delays from the emergency department (ED) as measured by ready to move (RTM)-to-occupied time. BACKGROUND: ED boarding compromises the quality, safety, and experience of patient care. Lack of standardized and transparent handoff communication contributes to boarding time. This process improvement initiative implemented a standardized electronic situation, background, assessment, and recommendation (eSBAR) format-based nursing handoff process from the ED to a medical unit...
August 4, 2018: Journal of Nursing Administration
M N Parker, K Lopetcharat, M A Drake
Protein beverage consumption by Americans has increased in recent years. Coupled with this increased consumption is an interest in natural sweeteners. The objective of this study was to evaluate the sensory properties of naturally sweetened ready-to-mix (RTM) whey protein beverages using 3 temporal methods and to formulate a natural noncaloric sweetener blend that could be added to RTM protein beverages to provide sweetness while still appealing in flavor to consumers. Iso-sweet concentrations of sweeteners (sucralose, sucrose, fructose, stevia, monk fruit) in RTM vanilla whey protein beverages (25 g of protein/360 mL of water) were established using magnitude estimation scaling and 2-alternative forced-choice testing...
July 25, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
Víctor M Cruz-Atienza, Carlos Villafuerte, Harsha S Bhat
Rapid tremor migration (RTM) in subduction zones is a manifestation of complex fault-zone processes on the plate interface. Recent observations have revealed a large diversity of RTM patterns that are always associated with aseismic, shear strain at the interface. Small unstable asperities embedded in the stable shear zone are thus believed to originate tremor radiation during migration. Tectonic tremors have been recognized to occur where overpressured fluids exist. Spatial variations of fluid pressure may lead to non-linear diffusion processes with potentially large implications in tremor generation...
July 24, 2018: Nature Communications
István Gacsályi, Krisztina Móricz, Gábor Gigler, Katalin Megyeri, Patricia Machado, Ferenc A Antoni
This study examined the potential of the selective extra-synaptic α5-GABAA receptor inhibitor S44819 (Egis-13529) to improve cognitive performance in preclinical models of vascular cognitive impairment (VCI). Chronic hypoperfusion of the brain in mice was induced by permanent occlusion of the right common carotid artery (rUCO). rUCO induced impairments of cognitive function in the object recognition test (OR) and the rewarded T-maze (RTM). In both tests, a single oral treatment with S44819 (OR - 0.1-3 mg/kg, RTM - 1-3 mg/kg p...
July 21, 2018: European Journal of Pharmacology
Shohei Yamamoto, Daisuke Toyama, Yumiko Sugishita, Ryota Kaneko, Naoko Okamoto, Masaya Koganesawa, Sachio Fujita, Kosuke Akiyama, Ryosuke Matsuno, Keiichi Isoyama
Hepatic SOS is a potentially life-threatening complication of conditioning for allogeneic HSCT. rTM is a new drug for treating DIC. We report our experience of the use of rTM as a prophylaxis against SOS in high-risk pediatric patients that underwent HSCT. We evaluated the cases of 19 pediatric hematology and oncology patients who underwent HSCT at our institution between 2007 and 2016. The patients who received HSCT after 2012 (n = 8) were treated with rTM as a prophylaxis against SOS together with UDCA and LMWH, whereas the others (n = 11) were only treated with UDCA and LMWH...
July 12, 2018: Pediatric Transplantation
Michele Leblanc, Heidi Ferkranus
Barefoot running is considered to decrease injury risk, but is not always practical, particularly while running on a fitness center treadmill. The purpose of this study was to compare the kinematics of shod, barefoot, and simulated barefoot running. Twelve subjects (age = 21.1 ± 1.2 years) who regularly run on a treadmill for fitness participated in the study. After a warm up, each runner ran on a Biodex RTM 400 treadmill set at 7.4 mph (approximately 3.3 m/s) in their own shoes, barefoot, and while running "like they were barefoot" in their own shoes...
2018: International Journal of Exercise Science
Mueen Alam Khan, Fei Tong, Wubin Wang, Jianbo He, Tuanjie Zhao, Junyi Gai
RTM-GWAS identified 111 DT QTLs, 262 alleles with high proportion of QEI and genetic variation accounting for 88.55-95.92% PV in NAM, from which QTL-allele matrices were established and candidate genes annotated. Drought tolerance (DT) is one of the major challenges for world soybean production. A nested association mapping (NAM) population with 403 lines comprising two recombinant inbred line (RIL) populations: M8206 × TongShan and ZhengYang × M8206 was tested for DT using polyethylene-glycol (PEG) treatment under spring and summer environments...
July 6, 2018: Planta
Dong Tien Ngo, Phuc Huu Phan, Shoji Kawachi, Noriko Nakajima, Naoyuki Hirata, Akira Ainai, Thuy Thi Bich Phung, Dien Minh Tran, Hai Thanh Le
BACKGROUND: Tuberculous (TB) pneumonia can induce acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Although TB pneumonia is one of the causes of disease and death among children worldwide, the literature on TB pneumonia-induced ARDS is limited. We report herein on the successful treatment of a two-year-old female child with TB pneumonia-induced severe ARDS complicated with disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). CASE PRESENTATION: A two-year-old Vietnamese female child with sustained fever and cough for 20 days was transferred to our hospital...
July 3, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
Manzoor Khan, Jake Olivier
Regression to the mean (RTM) can occur whenever an extreme observation is selected from a population and a later observation is closer to the population mean. A consequence of this phenomenon is that natural variability can be mistaken as real change. Simple expressions are available to quantify RTM when the underlying distribution is bivariate normal. However, there are many real-world situations, which are better approximated as a Poisson process. Examples include the number of hard disk failures during a year, the number of cargo ships damaged by waves, daily homicide counts in California, and the number of deaths per quarter attributable to acquired immune deficiency syndrome in Australia...
June 25, 2018: Statistics in Medicine
Meghdad Pirsaheb, Farid Najafi, Lida Hemati, Touba Khosravi, Hooshmand Sharafi
The present study was aimed to evaluate the relationship between indoor radon and thoron concentrations, geological and meteorological parameters. The radon and thoron concentrations were determined in three hospitals in Kermanshah, the west part of Iran, using the RTM-1688-2 radon meter. Also, the type and porosity of the underlying soil and the meteorological parameters such as temperature, humidity, atmospheric pressure, rainfall and wind speed were studied and the obtained results analyzed using STATA-Ver...
June 2018: Data in Brief
Amanda L Killeen, Jodi L Walters
INTRODUCTION: Diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) are associated with increased morbidity, mortality, and resource utilization. Remote temperature monitoring (RTM) is an evidence-based and recommended component of standard preventative foot care for high-risk populations that can detect the inflammation preceding and accompanying DFUs. OBJECTIVE: This case series illustrates the use of a RTM foot mat for the early detection and prevention of DFUs in patients with a history of DFUs...
April 2018: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
Atsushi Okuda, Takeshi Ogura, Miyuki Imanishi, Akira Miyano, Nobu Nishioka, Kazuhide Higuchi
Background/Aims: Recently, recombinant human soluble thrombomodulin (rTM) has been developed as a new drug for disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). This study aims to evaluate the clinical benefit of rTM in patients with sepsis-induced DIC caused by acute cholangitis who underwent biliary drainage. Methods: Patients were divided into two groups: the rTM therapy group and the non-rTM therapy group. The primary outcome was the DIC resolution rate at 7 days, and the secondary outcome was 28-day mortality rate...
July 15, 2018: Gut and Liver
Aziz Asadollahi, Lev Khazanovich
The emergence of ultrasonic dry point contact (DPC) transducers that emit horizontal shear waves has enabled efficient collection of high-quality data in the context of a nondestructive evaluation of concrete structures. This offers an opportunity to improve the quality of evaluation by adapting advanced imaging techniques. Reverse time migration (RTM) is a simulation-based reconstruction technique that offers advantages over conventional methods, such as the synthetic aperture focusing technique. RTM is capable of imaging boundaries and interfaces with steep slopes and the bottom boundaries of inclusions and defects...
August 2018: Ultrasonics
Hang Wen, Zezhen Pan, Daniel Giammar, Li Li
Phosphate amendment has shown promise for enhancing uranium immobilization. The mechanism of the enhancement, however, has remained unclear with contrasting observations under variable environmental conditions. A dual-domain reactive transport model is developed here with constraints from batch and column experimental data to understand the mechanisms and to explore the effectiveness of enhanced U(VI) immobilization under variable geochemical and flow conditions. Modeling results indicate that under low U(VI) conditions in natural waters, phosphate addition promotes U(VI) immobilization through the formation of U(VI)-phosphate ternary surface complexes and the precipitation of calcium phosphate, both decreasing the concentrations of mobile U-Ca-CO3 aqueous complexes...
May 15, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
He Li, Gaohuan Liu, Qingsheng Liu, Zhongxin Chen, Chong Huang
Leaf area index (LAI) is one of the key biophysical parameters in crop structure. The accurate quantitative estimation of crop LAI is essential to verify crop growth and health. The PROSAIL radiative transfer model (RTM) is one of the most established methods for estimating crop LAI. In this study, a look-up table (LUT) based on the PROSAIL RTM was first used to estimate winter wheat LAI from GF-1 data, which accounted for some available prior knowledge relating to the distribution of winter wheat characteristics...
April 6, 2018: Sensors
Leah Griffin, Laura Leyva Casillas
A remote therapy monitoring (RTM) system has been developed for use with a negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) unit for patients in the home care setting. In conjunction with RTM, a network of trained professionals call patients when their NPWT usage is low and provide education to assist with therapy adherence. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this evaluation is to examine the relationship between the RTM system and patient adherence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred ninety-eight home care patients receiving NPWT with RTM between December 2016 and April 2017 were included...
March 2018: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
Mahasweta Gooptu, Haesook T Kim, Vincent T Ho, Edwin P Alyea, John Koreth, Philippe Armand, Jerome Ritz, Sarah Nikiforow, Brett E Glotzbecker, Prashant Nageshwar, Robert J Soiffer, Joseph H Antin, Corey S Cutler
With improvement in transplantation practices in the modern era, nonrelapse mortality (NRM) following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) has improved, while disease relapse rates have remained unchanged. Survival outcomes are therefore driven by NRM in the modern era. Myeloablative conditioning (MAC) regimens are used to maximize disease control and facilitate engraftment; however, their use is often limited by toxicity. The commonly used MAC regimens incorporate either chemotherapy plus total body irradiation (TBI) or combination chemotherapy...
March 16, 2018: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
Kota Ouchi, Shin Takahashi, Sonoko Chikamatsu, Shukuei Ito, Yoshikazu Takahashi, Sadayuki Kawai, Akira Okita, Yuki Kasahara, Yoshinari Okada, Hiroo Imai, Keigo Komine, Ken Saijo, Masahiro Takahashi, Hidekazu Shirota, Masanobu Takahashi, Makio Gamoh, Chikashi Ishioka
BACKGROUND: Recombinant human soluble thrombomodulin (rTM) has been established and introduced in the clinic as a standard treatment for disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). However, the efficacy and safety of rTM for DIC associated with solid tumors (DIC-STs) have not been fully established. Here, we performed a retrospective analysis of the clinical outcomes of rTM for DIC-STs and considered a treatment strategy with rTM for DIC-STs. METHODS: Patients with DIC-STs between November 2009 and March 2016 in 2 cancer core hospitals were retrospectively analyzed...
August 2018: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
A Uzawa, M Mori, H Masuda, R Ohtani, T Uchida, S Kuwabara
Recombinant thrombomodulin (rTM) has pleiotrophic properties, including anti-coagulation and anti-inflammation; however, its effectiveness as a treatment for multiple sclerosis (MS) has not been evaluated fully. High mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) and proinflammatory cytokines, working as inflammatory mediators, are reportedly involved in the inflammatory pathogenesis of MS. The aim of this study was to determine whether rTM can be a potential therapeutic agent for experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE)...
July 2018: Clinical and Experimental Immunology
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