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Non-nutritive sucking

Eric W Reynolds, Debbie Grider, Rhonda Caldwell, Gilson Capilouto, Abhijit Patwardhan, Richard Charnigo
Objectives: The objective of this study is to describe swallow:breath interaction (SwBr) and phase of respiration incident to swallow (POR) during non-nutritive suck in infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia and determine if speech-language intervention can modify the characteristics of non-nutritive suck in these infants. Methods: Logistic regression models were used to describe SwBr and POR in 16 low-risk preterm (LRP) infants and 43 infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia...
September 2018: Journal of Nature and Science
Larissa Carcavalli, Carolina Castro Martins, Iury Almeida Rocha, Erika Maria Parlato, Júnia Maria Serra-Negra
The immaturity of born to preterm infants may predispose to sucking difficulties. This research aimed to evaluate if pacifier use is associated with preterm birth and influenced in type of infant feeding. This comparative cross-sectional study was conducted in Belo Horizonte, Brazil and evaluated 250 children aged 3 to 5 years. As a sample, two groups were established: the normal term children group (n=125) was selected at a day-care centre and the group of preterm children (125) was identified at a public university hospital with a preterm care project from birth to seven years of age...
July 2018: Brazilian Dental Journal
A Nieto García, O Berbel Tornero, J Monleón Sancho, J Alberola-Rubio, M E López Rubio, L Picó Sirvent
INTRODUCTION: Young children perceive pain as much, or even more than adults, and the pain may have short- and long-term consequences. The literature describes the use of non-pharmacological interventions to alleviate pain during vaccination. The aim of this study was to assess 3such interventions for analgesia during vaccination: non-nutritive sucking (NNS), breastfeeding (BF), and administration of a 50% dextrose solution (D50W). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective, non-randomised cohort study was carried out on infants aged 2, 4 and 6 months that received 1, 2, or 3 vaccines, respectively, according to the routine immunisation schedule...
November 15, 2018: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
Micaela Del Fabbro Arcopinto, Jacopo Tosi, Domenico Formica, Fabrizio Taffoni
Nutritive Sucking (NS) is one of the earliest motor activity performed by infants, strictly related to both neurological and motor development of newborns. The main components of NS are sucking, respiration and deglutition. Despite its recognized importance, current clinical practice lacks quantitative tools for the assessment of NS. This work aims to identify a non-invasive objective method to assess deglutition. In details, we propose a new sensor fusion approach to merge both inertial and acoustic data in order to estimate deglutition time...
July 2018: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Emily Zimmerman, Courtney DeSousa
This study investigated whether visual stimuli (FACES vs. CARS) combined with the presence of maternal scent can influence suck patterning in healthy infants. Fifteen healthy full-term infants (six months and younger) were exposed to their mother's scent during a visual preference paradigm consisting of FACES vs. CARS stimuli while sucking on a custom research pacifier. Infants looked significantly longer to the FACES compared to CARS, p = .041. Repeated Measures ANOVA revealed a significant main effect for non-nutritive suck (NNS) bursts and visual stimuli (p = ...
2018: PloS One
Anup Thakur, Neelam Kler, Pankaj Garg, Anita Singh, Priya Gandhi
OBJECTIVE: To improve the usage of expressed breast milk in very low birth weight infants admitted in the neonatal intensive care unit of a tertiary centre in India. METHODS: Between April 2015 and August 2016, various Plan-do-act-study cycles were conducted to test change ideas like antenatal counselling including help of brochure and video, post-natal telephonic reminders within 4-6 hours of birth, standardization of Kangaroo mother care, and non-nutritive sucking protocol...
September 15, 2018: Indian Pediatrics
Catiara Terra da Costa, Ayah Qassem Shqair, Marina Sousa Azevedo, Marília Leão Goettems, Maria Laura Menezes Bonow, Ana Regina Romano
This study aimed to evaluate the influence of breastfeeding and pacifier use on the occlusal status of preschool children. A cross-sectional study was conducted with children (n = 489) aged 2-5 years in private and public schools in Pelotas, South Brazil. Mothers answered a questionnaire on demographic, socioeconomic and behavioral variables, including breastfeeding and non-nutritive sucking habits. Malocclusion was classified as normal/mild and moderate/severe, according to WHO criteria. The association between breastfeeding and pacifier use with malocclusion was tested using multivariate logistic regression...
October 11, 2018: Brazilian Oral Research
Zahra Khodagholi, Talieh Zarifian, Farin Soleimani, Maryam Khoshnood Shariati, Enayatollah Bakhshi
Objectives: Given the positive effects of stimulation with breast milk odor and non-nutritive sucking (NNS) on preterm feeding skills, we examined the effect of NNS and milk odor, on the time of achieving independent oral feeding in preterm infants. Materials & Methods: This study was conducted at two Neonatal Intensive Care Units of Tehran, Iran in 2016. Overall, 32 neonates with gestational ages of 28-32 wk were enrolled in two groups; NNS with and without olfactory stimuli (breast milk odor)...
2018: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
Diane Frome Loeb, Caitlin M Imgrund, Jaehoon Lee, Steven M Barlow
Previous research indicates that the NTrainer, a pressurized pacifier programmed to produce pulsed pneumotactile stimulation during gavage feeds, has been found to facilitate non-nutritive suck development and shorten the length of hospital stay when used in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). Four groups of children, including infants of diabetic mothers (IDM), healthy controls (HI), and those with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), or chronic lung disease (CLD), were randomly assigned to an NTrainer therapy or sham 'control' condition when in the NICU...
August 2018: Journal of Neonatal Nursing: JNN
Elise Baker, Sarah Masso, Sharynne McLeod, Yvonne Wren
AIMS: The aim of this study was to describe the nutritive and non-nutritive oral sucking habits (breastfeeding, bottle use, pacifier/dummy/soother use, thumb/finger sucking) of preschoolers with and without phonological impairment, and to determine whether oral sucking habits are associated with the presence and severity of phonological impairment. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 199 Australian English-speaking preschoolers with and without phonological impairment...
2018: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Daniel Gero, Balint File, Jörn Justiz, Robert E Steinert, Lukas Frick, Alan C Spector, Marco Bueter
Microstructural analysis of ingestion provides valuable insight into the roles of chemosensory signals, nutritional content, postingestive events, and physiological state. Our aim was to develop a novel drinkometer for humans to measure detailed aspects of ingestion of an entire liquid meal or drinking session. The drinkometer records, in high definition (1 kHz), the weight of a fluid reservoir from which participants drink via a tube. An ultrasonic sensor measures the height of the fluid to derive density...
September 1, 2018: Appetite
Hiu Tung Bonnie Ling, Fung Hou Kumoi Mineaki Howard Sum, Linkun Zhang, Cindy Po Wan Yeung, Kar Yan Li, Hai Ming Wong, Yanqi Yang
BACKGROUND: The development of primary dentition can be affected by oral sucking habits. Therefore, this study aims to investigate the association of nutritive and non-nutritive sucking habits with primary dentition development. METHODS: One thousand one hundred and fourteen children aged 2 to 5 years old in Hong Kong were recruited in a cross-sectional study. Information on their nutritive (e.g. breastfeeding and bottle feeding) and non-nutritive sucking habits (e...
August 22, 2018: BMC Oral Health
Sandra Fucile, Miona Milutinov, Kevyn Timmons, Kimberly Dow
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of an oral sensorimotor intervention on breastfeeding establishment and maintenance in preterm infants. STUDY DESIGN: Thirty-one preterm infants born ≤34 weeks gestation were randomized into an experimental or control group. The experimental group received a 15-minute program consisting of stroking the peri-oral structures for the first 5 minutes, tongue exercises for the next 5 minutes, followed by non-nutritive sucking for the final 5 minutes...
September 2018: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
Giuseppina Laganà, Valentina Di Fazio, Valeria Paoloni, Lorenzo Franchi, Paola Cozza, Roberta Lione
Objectives: To assess the morphological shape variations of the palatal vault in Open Bite (OB) growing subjects when compared with a Control Group (CG) by means of Geometric Morphometric Method (GMM). Materials and methods: The OB Group (OBG) consisted of 75 subjects (39 females, 36 males; mean age: 8.5 ± 0.8 years) who were collected retrospectively with the following inclusion criteria: European ancestry, overbite less than 0 mm, mixed dentition stage, prepubertal skeletal maturation (CS1-CS2), hyperdivergent skeletal pattern (SN^GoGn > 37°)...
August 9, 2018: European Journal of Orthodontics
Jin-Hua Liao, Rong-Fang Hu, Li-Jing Su, Shuo Wang, Qin Xu, Xiao-Fang Qian, Hong-Gu He
BACKGROUND: Nonpharmacological interventions are often used to promote sleep among preterm infants in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). However, there is a lack of synthesis in the evidence of their effectiveness. AIM: To synthesize the evidence on the effectiveness of nonpharmacological interventions on NICU preterm infants' sleep during hospital stay. METHODS: Seven databases were searched, including MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Wan-fang database, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, China Biological Medicine Database, and VIP Journal Integration Platform from their inceptions to August 2017...
October 2018: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
Roberta Pineda, Kelsey Dewey, Amy Jacobsen, Joan Smith
OBJECTIVE:  To identify the progression of non-nutritive sucking (NNS) across postmenstrual age (PMA) and to investigate the relationship of NNS with medical and social factors and oral feeding. STUDY DESIGN:  Fifty preterm infants born at ≤32 weeks gestation had NNS assessed weekly starting at 32 weeks PMA with the NTrainer System. Oral feeding was assessed at 38 weeks PMA. RESULTS:  There were increases in NNS bursts per minute ( p  = 0...
August 6, 2018: American Journal of Perinatology
Leandro Sousa-Souto, Adriana Bocchiglieri, Douglas de M Dias, Anthony S Ferreira, José P de L Filho
Phytophagous insects choose their feeding resources according to their own requirements, but their feeding preferences in the semiarid Caatinga have rarely been studied. Flowering trees leads to a greater diversity of flower visitors and their predators in the host plant, but little is known about why the diversity of phytophagous insects not associated with flowers is also increased. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the diversity of sap-sucking, wood-boring and leaf-chewing insects associated with leaf chlorophyll content in flowering and non-flowering plants of Poincianella pyramidalis , an endemic tree of Caatinga...
2018: PeerJ
Anne Perroteau, Marie-Christine Nanquette, Alexandra Rousseau, Sylvain Renolleau, Laurence Bérard, Delphine Mitanchez, Judith Leblanc
BACKGROUND: Reducing acute pain in premature infants during neonatal care improves their neurophysiological development. The use of pharmacological and non-pharmacological analgesia, such as sucrose, is limited per day, particularly for very preterm infants. Thus, the usual practice of non-nutritive sucking is often used alone. Facilitated tucking could be an additional strategy to non-nutritive sucking for reducing pain. To the best of our knowledge, no randomized trial has compared the combination of facilitated tucking and non-nutritive sucking to non-nutritive sucking alone...
June 15, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
Haixia Gao, Mei Li, Honglian Gao, Guihua Xu, Fang Li, Jing Zhou, Yunsu Zou, Honghua Jiang
BACKGROUND: Sucrose combined with non-nutritive sucking provided better pain relief than sucrose or non-nutritive sucking alone in a single painful procedure. However, whether the combination of non-nutritive sucking with sucrose could obtain a significant difference in analgesic effect of the repeated procedural pain than any single intervention has not been established. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of non-nutritive sucking and sucrose alone and in combination of repeated procedural pain in preterm infants...
July 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
Hsiang-Yun Lan, Luke Yang, Kao-Hsian Hsieh, Ti Yin, Yue-Cune Chang, Jen-Jiuan Liaw
Sleep is important for preterm infants' brain development, but they are frequently exposed to painful procedures in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) that disturb their sleep cycle and affect their growth. The purpose of this study was to examine the prolonged effects of a supportive care bundle (modulation of the infants' states, non-nutritive sucking, facilitated tucking, and oral sucrose feeding) on preterm infants' sleep variables (sleep efficiency, total sleep time, sleep latency, and frequency of wake bouts) during hospitalization...
June 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
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